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Products are for research use only. Not for human use. We do not sell to patients.

Signaling Pathway

MK-4305

HY-10807

(Suvorexant; MK 4305)

MK-4305
MK-4305 Chemical Structure
Price and Availability of MK-4305
Size Price Stock
5 mg $110 In-stock
10 mg $165 In-stock
50 mg $715 In-stock
200 mg $2200 In-stock
>1000 mg Get quote
We offer a substantial discount on larger orders.Inquiry for price and availability only. Please place your order via our email or fax.
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MK-4305 Data Sheet

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Purity: 98.95% ee.:98.31%

Cell Cycle/DNA Damage

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Biological Activity of MK-4305

Suvorexant (MK-4305) is a potent, selective, and orally bioavailable antagonist of OX1R and OX2R currently under clinical investigation as a novel therapy for insomnia.Orexins/hypocretins are key neuropeptides responsible for regulating central arousal and reward circuits. Two receptors respond to orexin signaling, orexin 1 receptor (OX1R) and orexin 2 receptor (OX2R) with partially overlapping nervous system distributions. Genetic studies suggest orexin receptor antagonists could be therapeutic for insomnia and other disorders with disruptions of sleep and wake. Suvorexant (MK-4305) was found.

Clinical Information

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References on MK-4305

1 . Mangion IK, Sherry BD, Yin J, Fleitz FJ. Enantioselective synthesis of a dual orexin receptor antagonist. Org Lett. 2012 Jul 6;14(13):3458-61.
Abstract
A concise, enantioselective synthesis of the potent dual orexin inhibitor suvorexant (1) is reported. Key features of the synthesis include a mild copper-catalyzed amination, a highly chemoselective conjugate addition, and a tandem enantioselective transamination/seven-membered ring annulation. The synthesis requires inexpensive starting materials and only four linear steps for completion.

2 . Winrow CJ, Gotter AL, Cox CD, Doran SM, Tannenbaum PL, Breslin MJ, Garson SL, Fox SV, Harrell CM, Stevens J, Reiss DR, Cui D, Coleman PJ, Renger JJ. Promotion of sleep by suvorexant-a novel dual orexin receptor antagonist. J Neurogenet. 2011 Mar;25(1-2):52-61.
Abstract
Orexins/hypocretins are key neuropeptides responsible for regulating central arousal and reward circuits. Two receptors respond to orexin signaling, orexin 1 receptor (OX(1)R) and orexin 2 receptor (OX(2)R) with partially overlapping nervous system distributions. Genetic studies suggest orexin receptor antagonists could be therapeutic for insomnia and other disorders with disruptions of sleep and wake. Suvorexant (MK-4305) is a potent, selective, and orally bioavailable antagonist of OX(1)R and OX(2)R currently under clinical investigation as a novel therapy for insomnia. Examination of Suvorexant in radioligand binding assays using tissue from transgenic rats expressing the human OX(2)R found nearly full receptor occupancy (>90%) at plasma exposures of 1.1 μM. Dosed orally Suvorexant significantly and dose-dependently reduced locomotor activity and promoted sleep in rats (10, 30, and 100 mg/kg), dogs (1 and 3 mg/kg), and rhesus monkeys (10 mg/kg). Consistent cross-species sleep/wake architecture changes produced by Suvorexant highlight a unique opportunity to develop dual orexin antagonists as a novel therapy for insomnia.

3 . Cox CD, Breslin MJ, Whitman DB, Schreier JD, McGaughey GB, Bogusky MJ, Roecker AJ, Mercer SP, Bednar RA, Lemaire W, Bruno JG, Reiss DR, Harrell CM, Murphy KL, Garson SL, Doran SM, Prueksaritanont T, Anderson WB, Tang C, Roller S, Cabalu TD, Cui D, Hartman GD, Young SD, Koblan KS, Winrow CJ, Renger JJ, Coleman PJ. Discovery of the dual orexin receptor antagonist [(7R)-4-(5-chloro-1,3-benzoxazol-2-yl)-7-methyl-1,4-diazepan-1-yl][5-methyl-2-(2H-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl)phenyl]methanone (MK-4305) for the treatment of insomnia. J Med Chem. 2010 Jul 22;53(14):5320-32.
Abstract
Despite increased understanding of the biological basis for sleep control in the brain, few novel mechanisms for the treatment of insomnia have been identified in recent years. One notable exception is inhibition of the excitatory neuropeptides orexins A and B by design of orexin receptor antagonists. Herein, we describe how efforts to understand the origin of poor oral pharmacokinetics in a leading HTS-derived diazepane orexin receptor antagonist led to the identification of compound 10 with a 7-methyl substitution on the diazepane core. Though 10 displayed good potency, improved pharmacokinetics, and excellent in vivo efficacy, it formed reactive metabolites in microsomal incubations. A mechanistic hypothesis coupled with an in vitro assay to assess bioactivation led to replacement of the fluoroquinazoline ring of 10 with a chlorobenzoxazole to provide 3 (MK-4305), a potent dual orexin receptor antagonist that is currently being tested in phase III clinical trials for the treatment of primary insomnia.

4 . Strotman NA, Baxter CA, Brands KM, Cleator E, Krska SW, Reamer RA, Wallace DJ, Wright TJ. Reaction development and mechanistic study of a ruthenium catalyzed intramolecular asymmetric reductive amination en route to the dual Orexin inhibitor Suvorexant (MK-4305). J Am Chem Soc. 2011 Jun 1;133(21):8362-71.
Abstract
The first example of an intramolecular asymmetric reductive amination of a dialkyl ketone with an aliphatic amine has been developed for the synthesis of Suvorexant (MK-4305), a potent dual Orexin antagonist under development for the treatment of sleep disorders. This challenging transformation is mediated by a novel Ru-based transfer hydrogenation catalyst that provides the desired diazepane ring in 97% yield and 94.5% ee. Mechanistic studies have revealed that CO(2), produced as a necessary byproduct of this transfer hydrogenation reaction, has pronounced effects on the efficiency of the Ru catalyst, the form of the amine product, and the kinetics of the transformation. A simple kinetic model explains how product inhibition by CO(2) leads to overall first-order kinetics, but yields an apparent zero-order dependence on initial substrate concentration. The deleterious effects of CO(2) on reaction rates and product isolation can be overcome by purging CO(2) from the system. Moreover, the rate of ketone hydrogenation can be greatly accelerated by purging of CO(2) or trapping with nucleophilic secondary amines.

5 . Promotion of Sleep by Suvorexant--A Novel Dual Orexin Receptor Antagonist By Winrow, Christopher J.; Gotter, Anthony L.; Cox, Christopher D.; Doran, Scott M.; Tannenbaum, Pamela L.; Breslin, Michael J.; Garson, Susan L.; Fox, Steven V.; Harrell, J Neurogenet. 2011 Mar;25(1-2):52-61. Epub 2011 Apr 8
Abstract
Orexins/hypocretins are key neuropeptides responsible for regulating central arousal and reward circuits. Two receptors respond to orexin signaling, orexin 1 receptor (OX(1)R) and orexin 2 receptor (OX(2)R) with partially overlapping nervous system distributions. Genetic studies suggest orexin receptor antagonists could be therapeutic for insomnia and other disorders with disruptions of sleep and wake. Suvorexant (MK-4305) is a potent, selective, and orally bioavailable antagonist of OX(1)R and OX(2)R currently under clinical investigation as a novel therapy for insomnia. Examination of Suvorexant in radioligand binding assays using tissue from transgenic rats expressing the human OX(2)R found nearly full receptor occupancy (>90%) at plasma exposures of 1.1 μM. Dosed orally Suvorexant significantly and dose-dependently reduced locomotor activity and promoted sleep in rats (10, 30, and 100 mg/kg), dogs (1 and 3 mg/kg), and rhesus monkeys (10 mg/kg). Consistent cross-species sleep/wake architecture changes produced by Suvorexant highlight a unique opportunity to develop dual orexin antagonists as a novel therapy for insomnia....

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