1. Natural Products
  2. Acids and Aldehydes

Acids and Aldehydes

An Acid is an organic compound with acidic properties, mostly produced in the plants. Some organic acids are with carboxyl group -COOH, group -SO2OH. Other groups can also confer acidity, usually weakly: the thiol group -SH, the enol group, and the phenol group. Organice acids are commonly used for acidulant, antioxidant, flavoring agent, and some possess antibacterial activities.

An aldehyde is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure -CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain. Many aldehydes are found in essential oils and often contribute to their favorable odors, e.g. cinnamaldehyde, cilantro, and vanillin. Possibly because of the high reactivity of the formyl group, aldehydes are not common in several of the natural building blocks: amino acids, nucleic acids, lipids. Most sugars, however, are derivatives of aldehydes. These aldoses exist as hemiacetals, a sort of masked form of the parent aldehyde. For example, in aqueous solution only a tiny fraction of glucose exists as the aldehyde.

Acids and Aldehydes (173):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-101952
    Prostaglandin E2 363-24-6 98.01%
    Prostaglandin E2 is a hormone-like substance that participate in a wide range of body functions such as the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle, the dilation and constriction of blood vessels, control of blood pressure, and modulation of inflammation.
    Prostaglandin E2
  • HY-10585
    Valproic acid 99-66-1 98.67%
    Valproic acid is an HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2; Valproic acid sodium salt is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and prevention of migraine headaches.
    Valproic acid
  • HY-10585A
    Valproic acid sodium salt 1069-66-5 >98.0%
    Valproic acid sodium salt is an HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2; Valproic acid sodium salt is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and prevention of migraine headaches.
    Valproic acid sodium salt
  • HY-B2167
    Docosahexaenoic Acid 6217-54-5
    Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) is an omega-3 fatty acid abundantly present brain and retina. It can be obtained directly from fish oil and maternal milk.
    Docosahexaenoic Acid
  • HY-N1412
    1,3-Dicaffeoylquinic acid 19870-46-3 99.82%
    1,3-Dicaffeoylquinic acid is a caffeoylquinic acid derivative, and activates PI3K/Akt.
    1,3-Dicaffeoylquinic acid
  • HY-101406
    Thyroxine sulfate 77074-49-8 >98.0%
    Thyroxine sulfate is a thyroid hormone metabolite.
    Thyroxine sulfate
  • HY-N2020
    Anacardic Acid 16611-84-0 >98.0%
    Anacardic Acid, extracted from cashew nut shell liquid, is a histone acetyltransferase inhibitor, inhibits HAT activity of p300 and PCAF, with IC50s of ∼8.5 μM and ∼5 μM, respectively.
    Anacardic Acid
  • HY-N0492
    α-Lipoic Acid 1077-28-7 98.03%
    α-Lipoic Acid is an antioxidant, which is an essential cofactor of mitochondrial enzyme complexes. α-Lipoic Acid inhibits NF-κB-dependent HIV-1 LTR activation.
    α-Lipoic Acid
  • HY-76847
    Chenodeoxycholic Acid 474-25-9 >98.0%
    Chenodeoxycholic Acid is a hydrophobic primary bile acid that activates nuclear receptors (FXR) involved in cholesterol metabolism.
    Chenodeoxycholic Acid
  • HY-B0351
    Taurine 107-35-7 >98.0%
    Taurine is an organic acid widely distributed in animal tissues.
  • HY-N2341
    Palmitelaidic Acid 10030-73-6 98.00%
    Palmitelaidic acid is the trans isomer of palmitoleic acid. Palmitoleic acid is one of the most abundant fatty acids in serum and tissue.
    Palmitelaidic Acid
  • HY-N0359
    Cynarin 30964-13-7 >98.0%
    Cynarin is an antichoke agent with a variety of biological activities including antioxidant, antihistamic and antiviral activities.
  • HY-N2309
    Kainic acid 487-79-6 >99.0%
    Kainic acid is a potent agonist at excitatory amino acid receptor subtypes in the CNS.
    Kainic acid
  • HY-B0914A
    10-Undecenoic acid zinc salt 557-08-4 >98.0%
    10-Undecenoic acid zinc salt is a natural or synthetic fungistatic fatty acid, is used topically in creams against fungal infections, eczemas, ringworm, and other cutaneous conditions. The zinc provides an astringent action.
    10-Undecenoic acid zinc salt
  • HY-N1428
    Citric acid 77-92-9 >98.0%
    Citric acid is a weak organic tricarboxylic acid found in citrus fruits. Citric acid is a natural preservative and food tartness enhancer.
    Citric acid
  • HY-N0324
    Cholic acid 81-25-4 >98.0%
    Cholic acid is a major primary bile acid produced in the liver and usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. It facilitates fat absorption and cholesterol excretion.
    Cholic acid
  • HY-N2391
    p-Hydroxycinnamic acid 7400-08-0 99.85%
    p-Hydroxycinnamic acid, a common dietary phenol, could inhibit platelet activity, with IC50s of 371 μM, 126 μM for thromboxane B2 production and lipopolysaccharide-induced prostaglandin E2 generation, respectively.
    p-Hydroxycinnamic acid
  • HY-B0172
    Lithocholic acid 434-13-9 >98.00%
    Lithocholic acid is a toxic secondary bile acid, causes intrahepatic cholestasis, has tumor-promoting activity.
    Lithocholic acid
  • HY-N0318
    Salvianolic acid A 96574-01-5 99.26%
    Salvianolic acid A could protect the blood brain barrier through matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9) inhibition and anti-inflammation.
    Salvianolic acid A
  • HY-111095
    D-(-)-Lactic acid 10326-41-7
    D-(-)-Lactic acid is a normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar.
    D-(-)-Lactic acid