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Acids and Aldehydes

An Acid is an organic compound with acidic properties, mostly produced in the plants. Some organic acids are with carboxyl group -COOH, group -SO2OH. Other groups can also confer acidity, usually weakly: the thiol group -SH, the enol group, and the phenol group. Organice acids are commonly used for acidulant, antioxidant, flavoring agent, and some possess antibacterial activities.

An aldehyde is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure -CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain. Many aldehydes are found in essential oils and often contribute to their favorable odors, e.g. cinnamaldehyde, cilantro, and vanillin. Possibly because of the high reactivity of the formyl group, aldehydes are not common in several of the natural building blocks: amino acids, nucleic acids, lipids. Most sugars, however, are derivatives of aldehydes. These aldoses exist as hemiacetals, a sort of masked form of the parent aldehyde. For example, in aqueous solution only a tiny fraction of glucose exists as the aldehyde.

Acids and Aldehydes (586):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-15142
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride 25316-40-9 99.47%
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride (Hydroxydaunorubicin hydrochloride), a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic, is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Doxorubicin hydrochloride inhibits topoisomerase II with an IC50 of 2.67 μM, thus stopping DNA replication. Doxorubicin hydrochloride reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK and its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Doxorubicin hydrochloride induces apoptosis and autophagy. Doxorubicin hydrochloride inhibits human DNA topoisomerase I with an IC50 of 0.8 μM.
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride
  • HY-100381
    Nigericin sodium salt 28643-80-3 >98.0%
    Nigericin sodium salt is an antibiotic from Streptomyces hygroscopicus that works by acting as an H+, K+, and Pb2+ ionophore, a NLRP3 activator.
    Nigericin sodium salt
  • HY-101952
    Prostaglandin E2 363-24-6 98.36%
    Prostaglandin E2 is a hormone-like substance that participate in a wide range of body functions such as the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle, the dilation and constriction of blood vessels, control of blood pressure, and modulation of inflammation.
    Prostaglandin E2
  • HY-13434
    Ionomycin 56092-81-0 >99.0%
    Ionomycin (SQ23377) is a potent, selective calcium ionophore and an antibiotic produced by Streptomyces conglobatus. Ionomycin (SQ23377) is highly specific for divalent cations (Ca>Mg>Sr=Ba). Ionomycin (SQ23377) promotes apoptosis. Ionomycin also induces the activation of protein kinase C (PKC).
    Ionomycin
  • HY-10585
    Valproic acid 99-66-1 >98.0%
    Valproic acid (VPA; 2-Propylpentanoic Acid) is an HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid sodium salt is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and prevention of migraine headaches.
    Valproic acid
  • HY-B2167
    Docosahexaenoic Acid 6217-54-5
    Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) is an omega-3 fatty acid abundantly present brain and retina. It can be obtained directly from fish oil and maternal milk.
    Docosahexaenoic Acid
  • HY-P0223
    FLAG peptide 98849-88-8 99.23%
    FLAG peptide is an eight amino acids peptide (Asp-Tyr-Lys-Asp-Asp-Asp-Asp-Lys) with an enterokinase-cleavage site; designed for antibody-mediated identification and purification of recombinant proteins.
    FLAG peptide
  • HY-N0193
    Artesunate 88495-63-0 >98.0%
    Artesunate is an inhibitor of both STAT-3 and exported protein 1 (EXP1).
    Artesunate
  • HY-10838
    GW 501516 317318-70-0 99.27%
    GW 501516 is a PPARδ agonist with an EC50 of 1.1 nM.
    GW 501516
  • HY-10585A
    Valproic acid sodium salt 1069-66-5 >98.0%
    Valproic acid sodium salt (Sodium Valproate) is an HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid sodium salt activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid sodium salt is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and prevention of migraine headaches.
    Valproic acid sodium salt
  • HY-17551
    NMDA 6384-92-5 >98.0%
    NMDA is a specific agonist for NMDA receptor mimicking the action of glutamate, the neurotransmitter which normally acts at that receptor.
    NMDA
  • HY-B0421
    Mycophenolic acid 24280-93-1 99.63%
    Mycophenolic acid (Mycophenolate) is an an immunosuppresant drug and has potent anti-proliferative activity.
    Mycophenolic acid
  • HY-109590
    Arachidonic acid 506-32-1 98.01%
    Arachidonic acid is an essential fatty acid and a major constituent of biomembranes.
    Arachidonic acid
  • HY-N2020
    Anacardic Acid 16611-84-0 >98.0%
    Anacardic Acid, extracted from cashew nut shell liquid, is a histone acetyltransferase inhibitor, inhibits HAT activity of p300 and PCAF, with IC50s of ∼8.5 μM and ∼5 μM, respectively.
    Anacardic Acid
  • HY-76847
    Chenodeoxycholic Acid 474-25-9 >98.0%
    Chenodeoxycholic Acid is a hydrophobic primary bile acid that activates nuclear receptors (FXR) involved in cholesterol metabolism.
    Chenodeoxycholic Acid
  • HY-107780
    Cyclic-di-GMP 61093-23-0 99.26%
    Cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP) is a STING activator and a ubiquitous second messenger that regulates biofilm formation, motility, and virulence in diverse bacterial species.
    Cyclic-di-GMP
  • HY-15027
    5-Aminosalicylic Acid 89-57-6 >98.0%
    5-Aminosalicylic acid (Mesalamine) acts as a specific PPARγ agonist and also inhibits p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) and NF-κB.
    5-Aminosalicylic Acid
  • HY-N1446
    Oleic acid 112-80-1 >98.0%
    Oleic acid is an abundant monounsaturated fatty acid. Oleic acid is a Na+/K+ ATPase activator.
    Oleic acid
  • HY-N2309
    Kainic acid 487-79-6 >99.0%
    Kainic acid is a potent agonist at excitatory amino acid receptor subtypes in the CNS.
    Kainic acid
  • HY-B0330
    Levofloxacin 100986-85-4 99.61%
    Levofloxacin, a synthetic fluoroquinolone, is an antibacterial agent that inhibits the supercoiling activity of bacterial DNA gyrase, halting DNA replication.
    Levofloxacin