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Acids and Aldehydes

An Acid is an organic compound with acidic properties, mostly produced in the plants. Some organic acids are with carboxyl group -COOH, group -SO2OH. Other groups can also confer acidity, usually weakly: the thiol group -SH, the enol group, and the phenol group. Organice acids are commonly used for acidulant, antioxidant, flavoring agent, and some possess antibacterial activities.

An aldehyde is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure -CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain. Many aldehydes are found in essential oils and often contribute to their favorable odors, e.g. cinnamaldehyde, cilantro, and vanillin. Possibly because of the high reactivity of the formyl group, aldehydes are not common in several of the natural building blocks: amino acids, nucleic acids, lipids. Most sugars, however, are derivatives of aldehydes. These aldoses exist as hemiacetals, a sort of masked form of the parent aldehyde. For example, in aqueous solution only a tiny fraction of glucose exists as the aldehyde.

Acids and Aldehydes (745):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-B0215
    Acetylcysteine 616-91-1 >98.0%
    Acetylcysteine (N-Acetylcysteine) is a mucolytic agent which reduces the thickness of the mucus. Acetylcysteine is a ROS inhibitor. Acetylcysteine is a cysteine precursor, prevents hemin-induced ferroptosis by neutralizing toxic lipids generated by arachidonate-dependent activity of 5-lipoxygenases. Acetylcysteine induces cell apoptosis. Acetylcysteine also has anti-influenza virus activities.
    Acetylcysteine
  • HY-100381
    Nigericin sodium salt 28643-80-3 >98.0%
    Nigericin sodium salt is an antibiotic from Streptomyces hygroscopicus that works by acting as an H+, K+, and Pb2+ ionophore, a NLRP3 activator.
    Nigericin sodium salt
  • HY-101952
    Prostaglandin E2 363-24-6 98.36%
    Prostaglandin E2 is a hormone-like substance that participate in a wide range of body functions such as the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle, the dilation and constriction of blood vessels, control of blood pressure, and modulation of inflammation.
    Prostaglandin E2
  • HY-13434
    Ionomycin 56092-81-0 >99.0%
    Ionomycin (SQ23377) is a potent, selective calcium ionophore and an antibiotic produced by Streptomyces conglobatus. Ionomycin (SQ23377) is highly specific for divalent cations (Ca>Mg>Sr=Ba). Ionomycin (SQ23377) promotes apoptosis. Ionomycin also induces the activation of protein kinase C (PKC).
    Ionomycin
  • HY-17362
    Vancomycin hydrochloride 1404-93-9 99.66%
    Vancomycin hydrochloride is an antibiotic for the treatment of bacterial infections. It acts by inhibiting the second stage of cell wall synthesis of susceptible bacteria. Vancomycin also alters the permeability of the cell membrane and selectively inhibits ribonucleic acid synthesis.
    Vancomycin hydrochloride
  • HY-10585
    Valproic acid 99-66-1 >98.0%
    Valproic acid (VPA; 2-Propylpentanoic Acid) is an HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid sodium salt is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and prevention of migraine headaches.
    Valproic acid
  • HY-B0221
    Amphotericin B 1397-89-3 >98.00%
    Amphotericin B is a polyene antifungal agent against a wide variety of fungal pathogens. It binds irreversibly to ergosterol, resulting in disruption of membrane integrity and ultimately cell death.
    Amphotericin B
  • HY-A0070A
    Liothyronine 6893-02-3 99.28%
    Liothyronine is an active form of thyroid hormone, which binds to β1 thyroid hormone receptor (TRβ1), and activates its activity.
    Liothyronine
  • HY-B0445
    NAD+ 53-84-9 99.99%
    NAD+ is a coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5'-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage.
    NAD+
  • HY-14879A
    Avibactam sodium 1192491-61-4 99.75%
    Avibactam sodium (NXL-104) is a covalent and reversible non-β-lactam β-lactamase inhibitor which inhibits β-lactamase TEM-1 and CTX-M-15 with IC50s of 8 nM and 5 nM, respectively.
    Avibactam sodium
  • HY-B0511
    Biotin 58-85-5 99.80%
    Biotin is an enzyme co-factor present in minute amounts in every living cell.
    Biotin
  • HY-F0004
    β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide 1094-61-7 99.93%
    β-nicotinamide mononucleotide (β-NM) is a product of the nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) reaction and a key NAD(+) intermediate. The pharmacological activities of β-nicotinamide mononucleotide include its role in cellular biochemical functions, cardioprotection, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and complications associated with obesity.
    β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide
  • HY-P0223
    FLAG peptide 98849-88-8 99.23%
    FLAG peptide is an eight amino acids peptide (Asp-Tyr-Lys-Asp-Asp-Asp-Asp-Lys) with an enterokinase-cleavage site; designed for antibody-mediated identification and purification of recombinant proteins.
    FLAG peptide
  • HY-B2167
    Docosahexaenoic Acid 6217-54-5 >98.0%
    Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) is an omega-3 fatty acid abundantly present brain and retina. It can be obtained directly from fish oil and maternal milk.
    Docosahexaenoic Acid
  • HY-N0193
    Artesunate 88495-63-0 >98.0%
    Artesunate is an inhibitor of both STAT-3 and exported protein 1 (EXP1).
    Artesunate
  • HY-107994
    Aminooxyacetic acid hemihydrochloride 2921-14-4 >98.0%
    Aminooxyacetic acid hemihydrochloride is a malate-aspartate shuttle (MAS) inhibitor which also inhibits the GABA degradating enzyme GABA-T.
    Aminooxyacetic acid hemihydrochloride
  • HY-17551
    NMDA 6384-92-5 >98.0%
    NMDA is a specific agonist for NMDA receptor mimicking the action of glutamate, the neurotransmitter which normally acts at that receptor.
    NMDA
  • HY-N0305
    5-Aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride 5451-09-2 >98.0%
    5-Aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride (5-ALA hydrochloride) is an intermediate in heme biosynthesis in the body and the universal precursor of tetrapyrroles.
    5-Aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride
  • HY-10585A
    Valproic acid sodium salt 1069-66-5 >98.0%
    Valproic acid sodium salt (Sodium Valproate) is an HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid sodium salt activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid sodium salt is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and prevention of migraine headaches.
    Valproic acid sodium salt
  • HY-109590
    Arachidonic acid 506-32-1 98.01%
    Arachidonic acid is an essential fatty acid and a major constituent of biomembranes.
    Arachidonic acid