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  2. Saccharides and Glycosides

Saccharides and Glycosides

Saccharide is also called carbohydrate, consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. The saccharides are divided into four chemical groups: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Carbohydrates perform numerous roles in living organisms. Polysaccharides serve for the storage of energy (e.g. starch and glycogen) and as structural components. The 5-carbon monosaccharide ribose is an important component of coenzymes (e.g. ATP, FAD and NAD) and the backbone of the genetic molecule known as RNA. The related deoxyribose is a component of DNA. Saccharides and their derivatives include many other important biomolecules that play key roles in the immune system, fertilization, preventing pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development.

A glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond. Glycosides play numerous important roles in living organisms. Many plants store chemicals in the form of inactive glycosides. These can be activated by enzyme hydrolysis, which causes the sugar part to be broken off, making the chemical available for use. Many such plant glycosides are used as medications. In animals and humans, poisons are often bound to sugar molecules as part of their elimination from the body.

Saccharides and Glycosides (974):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-17561
    G-418 disulfate 108321-42-2 ≥98.0%
    G-418 disulfate (Geneticin sulfate), is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, inhibits protein synthesis in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. G-418 disulfate is commonly used as a selective agent for eukaryotic cells.
    G-418 disulfate
  • HY-17565
    Bleomycin sulfate 9041-93-4 ≥98.0%
    Bleomycin sulfate is a DNA synthesis inhibitor. Bleomycin hydrochloride is a DNA damaging agent. Bleomycin sulfate is an antitumor antibiotic.
    Bleomycin sulfate
  • HY-D1056
    Lipopolysaccharides
    Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) is an endotoxin derived from the outer leaflet of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consists of an antigen O-specific chain, a core oligosaccharide and lipid A. Lipopolysaccharides is a highly immunogenic antigen which can enhance immune responses. This product is derived from Escherichia coli O55:B5.
    Lipopolysaccharides
  • HY-17362
    Vancomycin hydrochloride 1404-93-9 ≥98.0%
    Vancomycin hydrochloride is an antibiotic for the treatment of bacterial infections. It acts by inhibiting the second stage of cell wall synthesis of susceptible bacteria. Vancomycin also alters the permeability of the cell membrane and selectively inhibits ribonucleic acid synthesis.
    Vancomycin hydrochloride
  • HY-123033A
    Nicotinamide riboside chloride 23111-00-4 99.53%
    Nicotinamide riboside Chloride, an orally active NAD+ precursor, increases NAD+ levels and activates SIRT1 and SIRT3. Nicotinamide riboside Chloride is a source of vitamin B3 (niacin) and enhances oxidative metabolism, protection against high fat diet-induced metabolic abnormalities. Nicotinamide riboside Chloride reduces cognitive deterioration in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease.
    Nicotinamide riboside chloride
  • HY-N4000
    Digitonin 11024-24-1 ≥98.0%
    Digitonin, a glycoside obtained from Digitalis purpurea, could increase cell permeability by binding to cholesterol molecules and reduce tumor growth. Digitonin is an natural detergent.
    Digitonin
  • HY-B0470
    Neomycin sulfate 1405-10-3 ≥98.0%
    Neomycin sulfate, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, exerts antibacterial activity through irreversible binding of the nuclear 30S ribosomal subunit, thereby blocking bacterial protein synthesis. Neomycin sulfate is a known phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor. Neomycin sulfate potently inhibits both nuclear translocation of angiogenin and angiogenin-induced cell proliferation and angiogenesis.
    Neomycin sulfate
  • HY-N0184
    Glycyrrhizic acid 1405-86-3 ≥98.0%
    Glycyrrhizic acid is a triterpenoid saponinl, acting as a direct HMGB1 antagonist, with anti-tumor, anti-diabetic activities.
    Glycyrrhizic acid
  • HY-N0197
    Baicalin 21967-41-9 ≥98.0%
    Baicalin, as a flavonoid glycoside, is an allosteric carnitine palmityl transferase 1 (CPT1) activator. Baicalin reduces the expression of NF-κB.
    Baicalin
  • HY-17409
    Nystatin 1400-61-9 98.29%
    Nystatin is an orally active polyene antifungal antibiotic effective against yeast and mycoplasma. Nystatin increases the permeability of plasma membranes to small monovalent ions, including chloridion. Nystatin is a cholesterol-sequestering agent, partially prevents Oxaliplatin-induced lipid raft aggregation, DR4 and DR5 clustering, and thereby reduces apoptosis.
    Nystatin
  • HY-16566A
    Kanamycin sulfate 25389-94-0 ≥98.0%
    Kanamycin sulfate is an aminoglycoside bacteriocidal antibiotic which acts by binding to the bacterial 30S ribosomes.
    Kanamycin sulfate
  • HY-B0542
    Ouabain Octahydrate 11018-89-6 ≥98.0%
    Ouabain Octahydrate is an inhibitor of Na+/K+-ATPase, used for the treatment of congestive heart failure.
    Ouabain Octahydrate
  • HY-B0389
    D-Glucose 50-99-7 ≥98.0%
    D-Glucose (Glucose), a monosaccharide, is an important carbohydrate in biology. D-Glucose is a carbohydrate sweetener and critical components of the general metabolism, and serve as critical signaling molecules in relation to both cellular metabolic status and biotic and abiotic stress response.
    D-Glucose
  • HY-N0148
    Rutin 153-18-4 ≥98.0%
    Rutin (Rutoside) is a flavonoid found in many plants and shows a wide range of biological activities including anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antioxidant, neuroprotective, nephroprotective, hepatoprotective and reducing Aβ oligomer activities. Rutin can cross the blood brain barrier. Rutin attenuates vancomycin-induced renal tubular cell apoptosis via suppression of apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and oxidative stress.
    Rutin
  • HY-N0210
    D-Galactose 59-23-4 ≥98.0%
    D-Galactose is a natural aldohexose and C-4 epimer of glucose.
    D-Galactose
  • HY-N0109
    Salidroside 10338-51-9 ≥98.0%
    Salidroside is a prolyl endopeptidase Inhibitor. Salidroside alleviates cachexia symptoms in mouse models of cancer cachexia via activating mTOR signalling. Salidroside protects dopaminergic neurons by enhancing PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy.
    Salidroside
  • HY-B0228
    Adenosine 58-61-7 99.92%
    Adenosine (Adenine riboside), a ubiquitous endogenous autacoid, acts through the enrollment of four G protein-coupled receptors: A1, A2A, A2B, and A3. Adenosine affects almost all aspects of cellular physiology, including neuronal activity, vascular function, platelet aggregation, and blood cell regulation.
    Adenosine
  • HY-N0431
    Astragaloside IV 84687-43-4 ≥98.0%
    Astragaloside IV, an active component isolated from Astragalus membranaceus, suppresses the activation of ERK1/2 and JNK, and downregulates matrix metalloproteases (MMP)-2, (MMP)-9 in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells.
    Astragaloside IV
  • HY-B1511
    Cyclic AMP 60-92-4 ≥98.0%
    Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is a mitogenic messenger and promotes the G1 to S phase transition in the cell cycle.
    Cyclic AMP
  • HY-B0472
    Streptomycin sulfate 3810-74-0 ≥98.0%
    Streptomycin sulfate is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, that inhibits protein synthesis.
    Streptomycin sulfate