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Saccharides and Glycosides

Saccharide is also called carbohydrate, consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. The saccharides are divided into four chemical groups: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Carbohydrates perform numerous roles in living organisms. Polysaccharides serve for the storage of energy (e.g. starch and glycogen) and as structural components. The 5-carbon monosaccharide ribose is an important component of coenzymes (e.g. ATP, FAD and NAD) and the backbone of the genetic molecule known as RNA. The related deoxyribose is a component of DNA. Saccharides and their derivatives include many other important biomolecules that play key roles in the immune system, fertilization, preventing pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development.

A glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond. Glycosides play numerous important roles in living organisms. Many plants store chemicals in the form of inactive glycosides. These can be activated by enzyme hydrolysis, which causes the sugar part to be broken off, making the chemical available for use. Many such plant glycosides are used as medications. In animals and humans, poisons are often bound to sugar molecules as part of their elimination from the body.

Saccharides and Glycosides (588):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-B1049
    Digoxin 20830-75-5 98.99%
    Digoxin is a potent inhibitor of Na+/K+-ATPase, clinically used to treat arrhythmia and heart failure.
    Digoxin
  • HY-N0184
    Glycyrrhizic acid 1405-86-3 >98.0%
    Glycyrrhizic acid is a triterpenoid saponinl, acting as a direct HMGB1 antagonist, with anti-tumor, anti-diabetic activities.
    Glycyrrhizic acid
  • HY-N4000
    Digitonin 11024-24-1
    Digitonin, a glycoside obtained from Digitalis purpurea, could increase cell permeability by binding to cholesterol molecules and reduce tumor growth.
    Digitonin
  • HY-13005
    Fagomine 53185-12-9 >98.0%
    Fagomine is a mild glycosidase inhibitor. The Ki of the iminosugar Fagomine is 4.8 μM, 39 μM, and 70 μM for Amyloglucosidase (A.niger), β-Glucosidase (bovine), and Isomaltase (yeast), respectively.
    Fagomine
  • HY-N0109
    Salidroside 10338-51-9 98.50%
    Salidroside is a prolyl endopeptidase Inhibitor. Salidroside alleviates cachexia symptoms in mouse models of cancer cachexia via activating mTOR signalling. Salidroside protects dopaminergic neurons by enhancing PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy.
    Salidroside
  • HY-B0633A
    Hyaluronic acid 9004-61-9
    Hyaluronic acid (corn fermented) is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid
  • HY-N0014
    Icariin 489-32-7 98.75%
    Icariin is a flavonol glycoside. Icariin inhibits PDE5 and PDE4 activities with IC50s of 432 nM and 73.50 μM, respectively. Icariin also is a PPARα activator.
    Icariin
  • HY-B0228
    Adenosine 58-61-7 99.84%
    Adenosine is a nucleoside composed of a molecule of adenine attached to a ribose sugar molecule (ribofuranose) moiety via a β-N9-glycosidic bond.
    Adenosine
  • HY-N0143
    Phlorizin 60-81-1
    Phlorizin is a non-selective SGLT inhibitor with Kis of 300 and 39 nM for hSGLT1 and hSGLT2, respectively. Phlorizin is also a Na+/K+-ATPase inhibitor.
    Phlorizin
  • HY-N0431
    Astragaloside IV 84687-43-4 >98.0%
    Astragaloside IV, an active component isolated from Astragalus membranaceus, suppresses the activation of ERK1/2 and JNK, and downregulates matrix metalloproteases (MMP)-2, (MMP)-9 in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells.
    Astragaloside IV
  • HY-N0197
    Baicalin 21967-41-9 98.01%
    Baicalin is a flavonoid glycoside isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis. Baicalin reduces the expression of NF-κB.
    Baicalin
  • HY-N0018
    Daidzin 552-66-9 99.53%
    Daidzin is an isoflavone that has anti-oxidant, anti-carcinogenic, and anti-atherosclerotic activities; directly inhibits mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (IC50 = 80 nM) and is an effective anti-dipsotropic isoflavone.
    Daidzin
  • HY-B1511
    Cyclic AMP 60-92-4 >98.0%
    Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is a mitogenic messenger and promotes the G1 to S phase transition in the cell cycle.
    Cyclic AMP
  • HY-B1357
    Digitoxin 71-63-6 99.18%
    Digitoxin is an effective Na+/K+-ATPase inhibitor, the EC50 value of Digitoxin is 0.78 μM.
    Digitoxin
  • HY-N0603
    20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 14197-60-5 >98.0%
    20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 is the main component of Red ginseng. Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits Na+ and hKv1.4 channel with IC50s of 32.2±4.5 and 32.6±2.2 μM, respectively. 20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 also inhibits levels, NF-κB activity, and COX-2 expression.
    20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3
  • HY-B0389
    Dextrose 50-99-7 >98.0%
    Dextrose, a simple sugar (monosaccharide), is an important carbohydrate in biology.
    Dextrose
  • HY-N0148
    Rutin 153-18-4 >98.0%
    Rutin, a naturally occurring flavonoid glycoside, has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-angiogenic and antiviral properties.
    Rutin
  • HY-N0439
    Asiaticoside 16830-15-2 99.84%
    Asiaticoside, a trisaccaride triterpene from Centella asiatica, suppresses TGF-β/Smad signaling through inducing Smad7 and inhibiting TGF-βRI and TGF-βRII in keloid fibroblasts; Asiaticoside shows antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-ulcer properties.
    Asiaticoside
  • HY-B0089
    Acarbose 56180-94-0 >98.0%
    Acarbose is an inhibitor of alpha glucosidase, an anti-diabetic drug.
    Acarbose
  • HY-N0605
    Ginsenoside Rh2 78214-33-2 >98.0%
    Ginsenoside Rh2 is isolated from the root of Ginseng. Ginsenoside Rh2 induces the activation of caspase-8 and caspase-9. Ginsenoside Rh2 induces cancer cell apoptosis in a multi-path manner.
    Ginsenoside Rh2