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Saccharides and Glycosides

Saccharide is also called carbohydrate, consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. The saccharides are divided into four chemical groups: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Carbohydrates perform numerous roles in living organisms. Polysaccharides serve for the storage of energy (e.g. starch and glycogen) and as structural components. The 5-carbon monosaccharide ribose is an important component of coenzymes (e.g. ATP, FAD and NAD) and the backbone of the genetic molecule known as RNA. The related deoxyribose is a component of DNA. Saccharides and their derivatives include many other important biomolecules that play key roles in the immune system, fertilization, preventing pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development.

A glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond. Glycosides play numerous important roles in living organisms. Many plants store chemicals in the form of inactive glycosides. These can be activated by enzyme hydrolysis, which causes the sugar part to be broken off, making the chemical available for use. Many such plant glycosides are used as medications. In animals and humans, poisons are often bound to sugar molecules as part of their elimination from the body.

Saccharides and Glycosides (81):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-F0004
    β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide 1094-61-7 99.82%
    β-nicotinamide mononucleotide is an intermediate in NAD+ biosynthesis produced from nicotinamide (NAM) and phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PRPP) by nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase enzyme.
    β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide
  • HY-B0445
    NAD+ 53-84-9 99.56%
    NAD+ is a coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5'-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage.
    NAD+
  • HY-N2019
    Chaetocin 28097-03-2 >98.0%
    Chaetocin is a specific inhibitor of the histone methyltransferase (HMT) SU(VAR)3-9 with an IC50 of 0.6 μM for SU(VAR)3-9. It also inhibits thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) with an IC50 of 4 μM.
    Chaetocin
  • HY-N0109
    Salidroside 10338-51-9 98.46%
    Salidroside is a prolyl endopeptidase Inhibitor. Salidroside alleviates cachexia symptoms in mouse models of cancer cachexia via activating mTOR signalling.
    Salidroside
  • HY-13005
    Fagomine 53185-12-9 >98.0%
    Fagomine is a mild glycosidase inhibitor. The Ki of the iminosugar Fagomine is 4.8 μM, 39 μM, and 70 μM for Amyloglucosidase (A.niger), β-Glucosidase (bovine), and Isomaltase (yeast), respectively.
    Fagomine
  • HY-B0633A
    Hyaluronic acid 9004-61-9
    Hyaluronic acid is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid
  • HY-B0228
    Adenosine 58-61-7 99.84%
    Adenosine is a nucleoside composed of a molecule of adenine attached to a ribose sugar molecule (ribofuranose) moiety via a β-N9-glycosidic bond.
    Adenosine
  • HY-N0937
    Astragalus polysaccharide >98.0%
    Astragalus polysaccharide, one active component of the polysaccharides extract of Astragulus, attenuates TNF-α-induced insulin resistance by suppressing miR-721 and activating PPAR-γ and PI3K/Akt in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
    Astragalus polysaccharide
  • HY-B0152
    Adenine 73-24-5 98.76%
    Adenine is a purine derivative and a nucleobase with a variety of roles in biochemistry.
    Adenine
  • HY-N0527
    1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose 14937-32-7 99.04%
    1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranose is a gallotannin isolated from various plants.
    1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose
  • HY-B0389
    Dextrose 50-99-7 >98.0%
    Dextrose, a simple sugar (monosaccharide), is an important carbohydrate in biology.
    Dextrose
  • HY-B2144
    Chitosan 9012-76-4
    Chitosan is a natural polycationic linear polysaccharide derived from chitin.
    Chitosan
  • HY-N0652
    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside 82373-94-2 98.72%
    2,3,4',5-tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-D-glucoside isolats from the roots of Polygonum species, inhibits the formation of 5-HETE, HHT and thromboxane B2, although less strongly.
    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside
  • HY-N0210
    D-Galactose 59-23-4 >98.0%
    D-Galactose is a natural aldohexose and C-4 epimer of glucose.
    D-Galactose
  • HY-17563
    2'-Deoxyguanosine 961-07-9 99.71%
    Deoxyguanosine(2'-Deoxyguanosine) is composed of the purine nucleoside guanine linked by its N9 nitrogen to the C1 carbon of deoxyribose.
    2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • HY-18569
    3-Indoleacetic acid 87-51-4 99.74%
    Indole-3-acetic acid (3-Indoleacetic acid; IAA) is the most common natural plant growth hormone of the auxin class. It can be added to cell culture medium to induce plant cell elongation and division.
    3-Indoleacetic acid
  • HY-107383
    Tetrahydrobiopterin 17528-72-2 98.63%
    Tetrahydrobiopterin is a cofactor of the aromatic amino acid hydroxylases enzymes and also acts as an essential cofactor for all nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms.
    Tetrahydrobiopterin
  • HY-N0537
    Xylose 58-86-6 >98.0%
    Xylose, a natural product, can be catalyzed into xylulose by xylose isomerase, and it is the key step for anaerobic ethanolic fermentation of xylose.
    Xylose
  • HY-B1779
    Sucrose 57-50-1 >98.0%
    Sucrose is a disaccharide which is composed of two monosaccharides, glucose and fructose.
    Sucrose
  • HY-A0068
    Aurothioglucose 12192-57-3
    Aurothioglucose (Gold thioglucose) is a well known active-site inhibitor of TrxR1, inhibited TrxR1 activity in HeLa cell cytosol but had no effect on the viability of the cells.
    Aurothioglucose