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  2. Saccharides and Glycosides

Saccharides and Glycosides

Saccharide is also called carbohydrate, consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. The saccharides are divided into four chemical groups: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Carbohydrates perform numerous roles in living organisms. Polysaccharides serve for the storage of energy (e.g. starch and glycogen) and as structural components. The 5-carbon monosaccharide ribose is an important component of coenzymes (e.g. ATP, FAD and NAD) and the backbone of the genetic molecule known as RNA. The related deoxyribose is a component of DNA. Saccharides and their derivatives include many other important biomolecules that play key roles in the immune system, fertilization, preventing pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development.

A glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond. Glycosides play numerous important roles in living organisms. Many plants store chemicals in the form of inactive glycosides. These can be activated by enzyme hydrolysis, which causes the sugar part to be broken off, making the chemical available for use. Many such plant glycosides are used as medications. In animals and humans, poisons are often bound to sugar molecules as part of their elimination from the body.

Saccharides and Glycosides (26):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-13005
    Fagomine 53185-12-9 >98.0%
    Fagomine is a mild glycosidase inhibitor. The Ki of the iminosugar Fagomine is 4.8 μM, 39 μM, and 70 μM for Amyloglucosidase (A.niger), β-Glucosidase (bovine), and Isomaltase (yeast), respectively.
    Fagomine
  • HY-N2019
    Chaetocin 28097-03-2 >98.0%
    Chaetocin is a specific inhibitor of the histone methyltransferase (HMT) SU(VAR)3-9 with an IC50 of 0.6 μM for SU(VAR)3-9. It also inhibits thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) with an IC50 of 4 μM.
    Chaetocin
  • HY-N0527
    1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose 14937-32-7 99.04%
    1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranose is a gallotannin isolated from various plants.
    1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose
  • HY-B0633A
    Hyaluronic acid 9004-61-9 99.90%
    Hyaluronic acid is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid
  • HY-N0109
    Salidroside 10338-51-9 98.46%
    Salidroside is a bioactive phenolic glycoside compound isolated from Rhodiola crenulata.
    Salidroside
  • HY-N0733
    Glucosamine hydrochloride 66-84-2
    Glucosamine (hydrochloride) is a natural product.
    Glucosamine hydrochloride
  • HY-N0937
    Astragalus polysaccharide >98.0%
    Astragalus polysaccharide, one active component of the polysaccharides extract of Astragulus, attenuates TNF-α-induced insulin resistance by suppressing miR-721 and activating PPAR-γ and PI3K/Akt in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
    Astragalus polysaccharide
  • HY-N0538
    Xylitol 87-99-0
    Xylitol is a chemical categorized as a polyalcohol or sugar alcohol.
    Xylitol
  • HY-N0652
    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside 82373-94-2 98.72%
    2,3,4',5-tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-D-glucoside isolats from the roots of Polygonum species, inhibits the formation of 5-HETE, HHT and thromboxane B2, although less strongly.
    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside
  • HY-N0190
    Amygdalin 29883-15-6 98.03%
    Amygdalin is a plant glucoside isolated from the stones of rosaceous fruits, such as apricots, peaches, almond, cherries, and plums.
    Amygdalin
  • HY-N0537
    Xylose 58-86-6
    Xylose, a natural product, can be catalyzed into xylulose by xylose isomerase, and it is the key step for anaerobic ethanolic fermentation of xylose.
    Xylose
  • HY-B2144
    Chitosan 9012-76-4
    Chitosan is a natural polycationic linear polysaccharide derived from chitin.
    Chitosan
  • HY-107846
    Xylan 9014-63-5
    Xylan represents the main hemicellulose component in the secondary plant cell walls of flowering plants. Xylan is a polysaccharide made from units of xylose and contains predominantly β-D-xylose units linked as in cellulose.
    Xylan
  • HY-N0210
    D-Galactose 59-23-4
    D-Galactose is a natural aldohexose and C-4 epimer of glucose.
    D-Galactose
  • HY-N0614
    Sucralose 56038-13-2 >98.0%
    Sucralose is an intense organochlorine artificial sweetener.
    Sucralose
  • HY-100582
    Ribitol 488-81-3 >98.0%
    Ribitol is a crystalline pentose alcohol formed by the reduction of ribose. Enhancing the flux of D-glucose to the pentose phosphate pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the production of D-ribose and ribitol.
    Ribitol
  • HY-N2340
    D-(+)-Melezitose 597-12-6 >98.0%
    D-(+)-Melezitose can be used to identify clinical isolates of indole-positive and indole-negative Klebsiella spp.
    D-(+)-Melezitose
  • HY-N0642
    α-L-Rhamnose monohydrate 6155-35-7
    α-L-Rhamnose monohydrate is a component of the plant cell wall pectic polysaccharides rhamnogalacturonan I and rhamnogalacturonan II. α-L-Rhamnose monohydrate is also a component of bacterial polysaccharides where it plays an important role in pathogenicity.
    α-L-Rhamnose monohydrate
  • HY-N0029
    Forsythoside B 81525-13-5 99.63%
    Forsythoside B is a phenylethanoid glycoside isolated from the leaves of Lamiophlomis rotata Kudo, a Chinese folk medicinal plant for treating inflammatory diseases and promoting blood circulation.
    Forsythoside B
  • HY-17567
    Heparin 9005-49-6
    Heparin is a highly sulfated glycosaminoglycan,that is widely used as an injectable anticoagulant, and has the highest negative charge density of any known biological molecule.
    Heparin