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Saccharides and Glycosides

Saccharide is also called carbohydrate, consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. The saccharides are divided into four chemical groups: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Carbohydrates perform numerous roles in living organisms. Polysaccharides serve for the storage of energy (e.g. starch and glycogen) and as structural components. The 5-carbon monosaccharide ribose is an important component of coenzymes (e.g. ATP, FAD and NAD) and the backbone of the genetic molecule known as RNA. The related deoxyribose is a component of DNA. Saccharides and their derivatives include many other important biomolecules that play key roles in the immune system, fertilization, preventing pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development.

A glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond. Glycosides play numerous important roles in living organisms. Many plants store chemicals in the form of inactive glycosides. These can be activated by enzyme hydrolysis, which causes the sugar part to be broken off, making the chemical available for use. Many such plant glycosides are used as medications. In animals and humans, poisons are often bound to sugar molecules as part of their elimination from the body.

Saccharides and Glycosides (95):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-N0109
    Salidroside 10338-51-9 98.46%
    Salidroside is a prolyl endopeptidase Inhibitor. Salidroside alleviates cachexia symptoms in mouse models of cancer cachexia via activating mTOR signalling.
    Salidroside
  • HY-N2019
    Chaetocin 28097-03-2 98.06%
    Chaetocin is a specific inhibitor of the histone methyltransferase (HMT) SU(VAR)3-9 with an IC50 of 0.6 μM for SU(VAR)3-9. It also inhibits thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) with an IC50 of 4 μM.
    Chaetocin
  • HY-B0633A
    Hyaluronic acid 9004-61-9
    Hyaluronic acid is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid
  • HY-B0228
    Adenosine 58-61-7 99.84%
    Adenosine is a nucleoside composed of a molecule of adenine attached to a ribose sugar molecule (ribofuranose) moiety via a β-N9-glycosidic bond.
    Adenosine
  • HY-13005
    Fagomine 53185-12-9 >98.0%
    Fagomine is a mild glycosidase inhibitor. The Ki of the iminosugar Fagomine is 4.8 μM, 39 μM, and 70 μM for Amyloglucosidase (A.niger), β-Glucosidase (bovine), and Isomaltase (yeast), respectively.
    Fagomine
  • HY-N4000
    Digitonin 11024-24-1
    Digitonin, a glycoside obtained from Digitalis purpurea, could increase cell permeability by binding to cholesterol molecules and reduce tumor growth.
    Digitonin
  • HY-B1511
    cAMP 60-92-4 >98.0%
    cAMP is a mitogenic messenger and promotes the G1 to S phase transition in the cell cycle.
    cAMP
  • HY-B0389
    Dextrose 50-99-7 >98.0%
    Dextrose, a simple sugar (monosaccharide), is an important carbohydrate in biology.
    Dextrose
  • HY-N0937
    Astragalus polysaccharide >98.0%
    Astragalus polysaccharide are active components of the polysaccharides extract of Astragulus, attenuates TNF-α-induced insulin resistance by suppressing miR-721 and activating PPAR-γ and PI3K/Akt in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
    Astragalus polysaccharide
  • HY-B0152
    Adenine 73-24-5 98.76%
    Adenine is a purine derivative and a nucleobase with a variety of roles in biochemistry.
    Adenine
  • HY-B0089
    Acarbose 56180-94-0 >98.0%
    Acarbose is an inhibitor of alpha glucosidase, an anti-diabetic drug.
    Acarbose
  • HY-B2144
    Chitosan 9012-76-4
    Chitosan is a natural polycationic linear polysaccharide derived from chitin.
    Chitosan
  • HY-N0527
    Pentagalloylglucose 14937-32-7 99.04%
    Pentagalloylglucose (Penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose) is a gallotannin isolated from various plants. It suppressed interleukin (IL)-4 induced signal pathway in B cell, and inhibited IgE production partially caused by increasing a population of Treg cells in conjunction with Treg-inducing factors.
    Pentagalloylglucose
  • HY-18569
    3-Indoleacetic acid 87-51-4 99.74%
    Indole-3-acetic acid (3-Indoleacetic acid; IAA) is the most common natural plant growth hormone of the auxin class. It can be added to cell culture medium to induce plant cell elongation and division.
    3-Indoleacetic acid
  • HY-N2021A
    Phosphoramidon Disodium 164204-38-0 >98.0%
    Phosphoramidon disodium is a metalloprotease inhibitor. Phosphoramidon inhibits endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE), neutral endopeptidase (NEP), and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) with IC50 values of 3.5, 0.034, and 78 μM, respectively.
    Phosphoramidon Disodium
  • HY-N0652
    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside 82373-94-2 98.72%
    2,3,4',5-tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-D-glucoside isolats from the roots of Polygonum species, inhibits the formation of 5-HETE, HHT and thromboxane B2, although less strongly.
    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside
  • HY-N0210
    D-Galactose 59-23-4 >98.0%
    D-Galactose is a natural aldohexose and C-4 epimer of glucose.
    D-Galactose
  • HY-N0029
    Forsythoside B 81525-13-5 99.99%
    Forsythoside B is a phenylethanoid glycoside isolated from the leaves of Lamiophlomis rotata Kudo, a Chinese folk medicinal plant for treating inflammatory diseases and promoting blood circulation. Forsythoside B could inhibit TNF-alpha, IL-6, IκB and modulate NF-κB.
    Forsythoside B
  • HY-107383
    Tetrahydrobiopterin 17528-72-2 98.63%
    Tetrahydrobiopterin is a cofactor of the aromatic amino acid hydroxylases enzymes and also acts as an essential cofactor for all nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms.
    Tetrahydrobiopterin
  • HY-A0068
    Aurothioglucose 12192-57-3
    Aurothioglucose (Gold thioglucose) is a well known active-site inhibitor of TrxR1, inhibited TrxR1 activity in HeLa cell cytosol but had no effect on the viability of the cells.
    Aurothioglucose