1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage Vitamin D Related/Nuclear Receptor Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. PPAR Endogenous Metabolite
  3. Daidzein


Cat. No.: HY-N0019 Purity: 99.72%
COA Handling Instructions

Daidzein is a soy isoflavone, which acts as a PPAR activator.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Daidzein Chemical Structure

Daidzein Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 486-66-8

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
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Customer Review

Based on 8 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review


Daidzein is a soy isoflavone, which acts as a PPAR activator.

IC50 & Target[1]





In Vitro

In 3T3-L1 adipocytes, Daidzein inverses the attenuation of adiponectin gene expression by co-culture, and these effects are inhibited by the PPAR-γ specific inhibitor. Daidzein attenuates the reduction of adiponectin expression in adipocytes, and a PPAR-γ specific inhibitor abrogated this effect. Direct activation of PPAR-α and-γ by Daidzein is confirmed by a luciferase reporter assay. In HEK293T cells, Daidzein significantly increases PPAR-α transcriptional activity in a concentration-dependent manner. Although an obvious dose-dependency is not observed in PPAR-γ transcriptional activity, Daidzein also significantly increases PPAR-γ transcriptional activity over a similar range of concentrations at which Daidzein enhanced PPAR-α transcriptional activity, with a maximum increase at 25 μM[1]. Daidzein is a soy isoflavone, which upregulates the expression of Abcg1, and it promotes axonal outgrowth in cultured hippocampal neurons via estrogen receptor signaling. Daidzein is a major component of soy with structural similarity to estrogen. It exerts an anti-inflammatory effect, lowers lipid levels, and increases mitochondrial biogenesis. As an activator of nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), Daidzein enhances transcription of PPARs-dependent genes, including liver X receptors (LXRs, Nr1h gene family in mice). Incubation with different concentrations of Daidzein, from 5 to 100 μM, increases APOE transcriptional activity[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Treating Apoe KO mice with Daidzein increases Lxr and Abca1 gene expression at 1 month after stroke, showing that the absence of ApoE does not interfere with other cholesterol homeostasis genetic programs. Therefore, the findings suggest that Daidzein-induced ApoE upregulation is a critical component in fostering functional recovery in chronic stroke[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight







White to off-white



Structure Classification
Initial Source

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.


4°C, stored under nitrogen

*In solvent : -80°C, 1 years; -20°C, 6 months (stored under nitrogen)

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 50 mg/mL (196.66 mM)

H2O : 0.1 mg/mL (0.39 mM; Need ultrasonic)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.9333 mL 19.6665 mL 39.3329 mL
5 mM 0.7867 mL 3.9333 mL 7.8666 mL
10 mM 0.3933 mL 1.9666 mL 3.9333 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  50% PEG300    50% Saline

    Solubility: 20 mg/mL (78.67 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.83 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% Corn Oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.83 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.72%

Cell Assay

HEK293T cells are plated on 24-well plates at a cell density of approximately 2.5×104 cells/well and are grown to 70-80% confluence. Cells are then transiently transfected with a PPAR-α or PPAR-γ expression plasmid, and a plasmid containing the luciferase gene under the control of three tandem PPAR response elements (PPRE × 3 TK-luciferase) using an X-treme GENE HP DNA Transfection Reagent. Renilla luciferase control vectors are co-transfected to control for transfection efficiency. After transfection, cells are cultured for another 24 h in medium containing DMSO or various concentrations (6.25, 12.5, 25 μM) of Daidzein. Cells are lysed, and luciferase activity is measured and expressed as fold induction, that is normalized to the activity of the renilla luciferase control plasmid[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration

Experiments are performed in 10- to 11-week-old male C57 (C57 bl/6) and Apoe KO (C57 background) mice. For long-term stroke recovery, mice receive Moxifloxacin (100 mg/kg) for 3 d. The prophylactic antibiotic treatment is shown to effectively reduce mortality in an animal model of stroke by attenuating peripheral infection. In addition, saline is subcutaneously administered daily, and hydrogel (Clear H2O) is given to prevent dehydration. With the implementation of poststroke care (antibiotic regimen, rehydration, and feeding hydrogels with soft diet) during the acute period (<1 week), mice start to regain their body weight by day 5 and continue to recover from stroke. Animals are randomly selected for vehicle or Daidzein treatment. Vehicle or Daidzein (10 mg/kg) is administered subcutaneously within 30 min of reperfusion after confirming the reperfusion of blood flow, daily for 7 d and then every other day up to 1 month.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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