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(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric acid

" in MCE Product Catalog:

269

Inhibitors & Agonists

9

Dye Reagents

9

Biochemical Assay Reagents

21

Peptides

107

Natural
Products

5

Isotope-Labeled Compounds

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-112653A
    (±)8-HETE

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    (±)8-HETE is one of the six monohydroxy fatty acids produced by the non-enzymatic oxidation of Arachidonic acid (HY-109590). The biological activity of (±)8-HETE is likely to resemble that of its constituent enantiomers (8(R)-HETE and 8(S)-HETE).
  • HY-122207
    Erythromycin A enol ether

    Others Infection
    Erythromycin A enol ether is an acidic degradation product of Erythromycin A (macrolide antibiotic) and has no antibacterial effect.
  • HY-N3894
    Ferulamide

    nAChR Neurological Disease
    Ferulamide is a Ferulic acid derivative isolated from Portulaca oleracea L. with anticholinesterase activities.
  • HY-N7880
    Salvianolic acid Y

    Others Cancer
    Salvianolic acid Y is a phenolic acid with the same planar structure as Salvianolic acid B. Salvianolic acid Y rescues cell injury by H2O2.
  • HY-138615
    Deoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate

    dTTP

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Cancer Infection
    Deoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate (dTTP), a deoxynucleotide, can be used in deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis.
  • HY-133595
    12-Chlorodehydroabietic acid

    Others Others
    12-Chlorodehydroabietic acid is a chlorinated resin acid.
  • HY-125847
    Salvianolic acid F

    Others Cancer
    Salvianolic acid F is a kind of Salvianolic Acids. Salvianolic Acids is the most effective and abundant compounds extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza, with good anti-oxidative activity.
  • HY-14850
    Sograzepide

    Netazepide; YF 476; YM-220

    Cholecystokinin Receptor Metabolic Disease Endocrinology
    Sograzepide (Netazepide; YF 476; YM-220) is an extremely potent , highly selective and orally active Gastrin/CCK-B antagonist with an IC50 value of 0.1 nM, has inhibitory effect on Gastrin/CCK-A activity with an IC50 of 502 nM. Sograzepide (Netazepide; YF 476; YM-220) replaces the specific binding of [125I]CCK-8 to the rat brain, cloned canine and cloned human Gastrin/CCK-B receptors, with Ki values of 0.068, 0.62 and 0.19 nM, respectively.
  • HY-Y1362
    Ethyl pyruvate

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Ethyl pyruvate is a simple derivative of the endogenous metabolite, pyruvic acid. Ethyl pyruvate is an anti-inflammatory agent.
  • HY-Y0507
    DL-Serine

    Others Cancer Infection
    DL-Serine, a fundamental metabolite, is a mixture of D-Serine and L-Serine. DL-Serine has antiviral activity against the multiplication of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV).
  • HY-135298
    Soya fatty acids

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Soya fatty acids is a class of polyunsaturated fatty acids extracted from soybean.
  • HY-N1800
    3,3'-Di-O-methylellagic acid-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside

    Others Others
    3,3'-Di-O-methylellagic acid-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside is a ellagic acid derivative that can be isolated from Dipentodon sinicus.
  • HY-W005963
    Methyl 5-hydroxypyridine-2-carboxylate

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Methyl 5-hydroxypyridine-2-carboxylate is a phenolic acid that can found in the stems of Mahonia fortune. Methyl 5-hydroxypyridine-2-carboxylate exhibits NO inhibitory effects in vitro.
  • HY-W015410
    Disodium succinate

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Disodium succinate is the disodium salt of Succinic acid. Succinic acid is an intermediate product of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, as well as one of fermentation products of anaerobic metabolism.
  • HY-N3010
    Salviaflaside

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Salviaflaside is a main bioactive component of Spica Prunellae.
  • HY-76547
    p-Toluic acid

    4-Methylbenzoic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    p-Toluic acid (4-Methylbenzoic acid) is a substituted benzoic acid and can be used as an intermediate for the synthesis of para-aminomethylbenzoic acid (PAMBA), p-tolunitrile, etc.
  • HY-W011819
    Tetradecanedioic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Tetradecanedioic acid is an endogenous metabolite and belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acids. Tetradecanedioic acid can act as a candidate biomarker for organic anion-transporting polypeptide mediated drug-drug interactions .
  • HY-W016715
    L-Cysteine hydrochloride hydrate

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Cysteine hydrochloride hydrate is a conditionally essential amino acid, which acts as a precursor for biologically active molecules such as hydrogen sulphide (H2S), glutathione and taurine. L-Cysteine hydrochloride hydrate suppresses ghrelin and reduces appetite in rodents and humans.
  • HY-43470
    3α,12β-Dihydroxycholanoic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    3α,12β-Dihydroxycholanoic acid is a bile acid that can be isolated from urine specimens of healthy humans.
  • HY-N2012
    7-Hydroxyaristolochic acid A

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    7-Hydroxyaristolochic acid A is an aristolochic acid analogue found in Aristolochia plants. Aristolochic acid can be used as an anti-inflammatory agent.
  • HY-125686
    Beesioside Q

    Others Others
    Beesioside Q is a oleanolic acid triterpene saponin isolated from the rhizome of Beesia calthaefolia (Maxim.) Ulbr.
  • HY-135801
    Arachidonyl alcohol

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Arachidonyl alcohol is a long-chain primary fatty alcohol. Arachidonyl alcohol is used as a substrate for the production of several ether lipids possessing beneficial functions.
  • HY-17623
    Tegoprazan

    Proton Pump Metabolic Disease
    Tegoprazan, a potassium-competitive acid blocker, is a potent, oral active and highly selective inhibitor of gastric H +/K +-ATPase that could control gastric acid secretion and motility, with IC50 values ranging from 0.29-0.52 μM for porcine, canine, and human H +/K +-ATPases in vitro.
  • HY-N1782
    3,4-O-Isopropylidene-shikimic acid

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    3,4-O-Isopropylidene-shikimicn acid is a natural product that can be isolated from the whole plants of Hypericum wightianum. 3,4-O-Isopropylidene-shikimic acid has anti-inflammatory effect and antioxidant activities.
  • HY-133593
    Palustric acid

    Others Others
    Palustric acid is a diterpenic resin acid found in Pinus nigra.
  • HY-107395
    BMS 753

    RAR/RXR Inflammation/Immunology
    BMS 753 is an isotype-selective retinoic acid receptor α (RARα) agonist, with a Ki of 2 nM.
  • HY-N7606
    (Rac)-β-Chamigrenic acid

    Others Others
    (Rac)-β-Chamigrenic acid is a racemate of β-Chamigrenic acid. β-Chamigrenic acid is a sesquiterpenoid isolated from S.chinensis
  • HY-129357
    CCK-B Receptor Antagonist 2

    Cholecystokinin Receptor Metabolic Disease
    CCK-B Receptor Antagonist 2, compound 15b, is a potent and orally active Gastrin/CCK-B antagonist with an IC50 value of 0.43 nM. CCK-B Receptor Antagonist 2 also inhibits gastrin/CCK-A activity with an IC50 of 1.82 μM.
  • HY-129467
    (Rac)-Idroxioleic acid

    2-Hydroxyoleic acid; 2-OHOA

    Apoptosis Cancer
    (Rac)-Idroxioleic acid (2-Hydroxyoleic acid) is a synthetic oleic acid (OA) derivative that binds to the plasma membrane and alters lipid organization. (Rac)-Idroxioleic acid has anti-tumor effect.
  • HY-113478
    3β-Ursodeoxycholic acid

    Isoursodeoxycholic acid

    Others Metabolic Disease
    3β-Ursodeoxycholic acid (Isoursodeoxycholic acid) is a bile acid. 3β-Ursodeoxycholic acid (Isoursodeoxycholic acid) shows good tolerance and well intestinal absorption by oral adminstation. 3β-Ursodeoxycholic acid (Isoursodeoxycholic acid) can be isomerized by intestinal and hepatic enzymes to yield UDCA.
  • HY-15706
    H2L 5765834

    LPL Receptor Cardiovascular Disease
    H2L 5765834 is an antagonist of lysophosphatidic acid receptors LPA1, LPA3, and LPA5, with IC50s of 94, 752, and 463 nM respectively.
  • HY-135035
    Decanoyl-L-carnitine

    (-)-Decanoylcarnitine

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Decanoyl-L-carnitine has stimulatory effect on the formation of desaturated fatty acid metabolites from both [1- 14C]-22:4 (n-6) and [1- 14C]-22:5 (n-3).
  • HY-W004288
    Methyl myristate

    Others Cancer
    Methyl myristate is a saturated fatty acid methyl ester obtained from the esterification of myristic acid. Methyl myristate shows a high melanin induction in B16F10 melanoma.
  • HY-107830
    Methyl cholate

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Methyl Cholate is methyl ester form of Cholic acid. Cholic acid is one of the major bile acids produced by the liver, where it is synthesized from cholesterol.
  • HY-30216
    (R)-Leucic acid

    D-α-Hydroxyisocaproic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    (R)-Leucic acid is an amino acid metabolite.
  • HY-N1951
    Miltirone

    GABA Receptor Neurological Disease
    Miltirone is a natural compound present in the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza. Miltirone is a central benzodiazepine receptor partial agonist, with an IC50 of 0.3 μM.
  • HY-139078
    Furosine dihydrochloride

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Furosine dihydrochloride, an amino acid derivative, is an important chemical marker of early-stage Maillard reactions. Furosine dihydrochloride is closely related to a variety of diseases such as diabetes.
  • HY-P1340A
    [Ala11,D-Leu15]-Orexin B(human) TFA

    Orexin Receptor (OX Receptor) Neurological Disease
    [Ala11,D-Leu15]-Orexin B(human) TFA is a potent and selective orexin-2 receptor (OX2) agonist. [Ala11,D-Leu15]-Orexin B(human) TFA shows a 400-fold selectivity for the OX2 (EC50=0.13 nM) over OX1 (52 nM).
  • HY-103355
    YM022

    CCR Metabolic Disease
    YM022 is a highly potent, selective and orally active gastrin/cholecystokinin (CCK)-B receptor (CCK-BR) antagonist. YM022 shows the Ki values of 68 pM and 63 nM for CCK-B and CCK-A receptor, respectively. YM022 can inhibit gastrin-induced gastric acid secretion and histidine decarboxylase activation in vivo.
  • HY-113147B
    L-Palmitoylcarnitine TFA

    Endogenous Metabolite Potassium Channel Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    L-Palmitoylcarnitine TFA, a long-chain acylcarnitine and a fatty acid metabolite, accumulates in the sarcolemma and deranges the membrane lipid environment during ischaemia. L-Palmitoylcarnitine TFA inhibits KATP channel activity, without affecting the single channel conductance, through interaction with Kir6.2.
  • HY-14739
    Choline Fenofibrate

    ABT-335

    PPAR COX Cardiovascular Disease
    Choline Fenofibrate (ABT-335), a choline salt of Fenofibric acid (HY-B0760), releases free Fenofibric acid in the gastrointestinal tract. Fenofibric acid is a PPAR activator with antihyperlipidemic effect.
  • HY-B1514
    Allantoic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Allantoic acid is a degradative product of uric acid and associated with purine metabolism.
  • HY-113437
    1,2-Dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    1,2-Dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate (compound 3-F7) is a phosphatidic acid and a human endogenous metabolite.
  • HY-W008097
    3,3-Dimethylglutaric acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    3,3-Dimethylglutaric acid, a member of methyl-branched fatty acids, is a endogenous metabolite occasionally found in human urine.
  • HY-131760
    2'-NH2-ATP

    2'-Amino-2'-deoxyadenosine-5'-triphosphate

    Others Metabolic Disease
    2'-NH2-ATP (2'-Amino-2'-deoxyadenosine-5'-triphosphate), an adenosine derivative, is a weak competitive inhibitor of ATP, with a Ki of 2.3 mM. 2'-NH2-ATP can be used in nucleic acid labeling.
  • HY-130803
    5-Methyl-5,6-dihydrouridine

    Others Cancer
    5-Methyl-5,6-dihydrouridine is a minor constituent in the chromosomal RNA of the rat ascites tumor. 5-Methyl-5,6-dihydrouridine can be used for nucleic acid modification.
  • HY-113437A
    1,2-Dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate sodium

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    1,2-Dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate sodium (compound 3-F7) is a phosphatidic acid and a human endogenous metabolite
  • HY-101106
    AR7

    RAR/RXR Cancer Neurological Disease
    AR7 is an atypical RARA/RARα (retinoic acid receptor, alpha) antagonist. AR7 specifically activates chaperone-mediated-autophagy (CMA) activity without affecting macroautophagy.
  • HY-116100A
    HA155

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Inflammation/Immunology
    HA-155 is a potent and selective autotaxin (ATX) inhibitor with an IC50 of 5.7 nM.
  • HY-135103
    Tauro-β-muricholic acid sodium

    T-βMCA sodium

    FXR Cancer
    Tauro-β-muricholic Acid sodium (T-βMCA sodium), a endogenous metabolite, is a competitive and reversible farnesoid X receptor (FXR) antagonist, with an IC50 of 40 μM.
  • HY-113147
    L-Palmitoylcarnitine

    Potassium Channel Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    L-Palmitoylcarnitine, a long-chain acylcarnitine and a fatty acid metabolite, accumulates in the sarcolemma and deranges the membrane lipid environment during ischaemia. L-Palmitoylcarnitine inhibits KATP channel activity, without affecting the single channel conductance, through interaction with Kir6.2.
  • HY-W009082
    Methyl behenate

    Methyl docosanoate

    Others Others
    Methyl behenate (Methyl docosanoate) is a naturally fatty acid methyl ester isolated from the plant of Aspidopterys obcordata Lemsl.
  • HY-P1340
    [Ala11,D-Leu15]-Orexin B(human)

    Orexin Receptor (OX Receptor) Neurological Disease
    [Ala11,D-Leu15]-Orexin B(human) is a potent and selective orexin-2 receptor (OX2) agonist. [Ala11,D-Leu15]-Orexin B(human) shows a 400-fold selectivity for the OX2 (EC50=0.13 nM) over OX1 (52 nM).
  • HY-P2416
    Gastrin I, rat

    Rat Gastrin-17

    Cholecystokinin Receptor Endocrinology
    Gastrin I, rat (Rat Gastrin-17) is a peptide hormone, can stimulate gastric acid secretion potently.
  • HY-112754A
    DOTAP chloride

    1,2-Dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane chloride

    Others Others
    DOTAP chloride is a useful and effective cationic lipid for transient and stable transfection DNA (plasmids, bacmids) and modified nucleic acids (antisense oligonucleotides) with out the use of helper lipid.
  • HY-133022
    trans-2-Undecenoic acid

    (E)-2-Undecenoic acid; (E)-Undec-2-enoic acid

    Others Metabolic Disease
    trans-2-Undecenoic acid ((E)-2-Undecenoic acid) is an α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acid and is characterized by acid dimers. The corresponding dimers are connected via intermolecular hydrogen bonds of the carboxylic groups C=O···H-O.
  • HY-W005178
    Octadecanedioic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Octadecanedioic acid, an endogenous metabolite, is a long-chain dicarboxylic acid that has been found in serum free fatty acid profile in Reye syndrome.
  • HY-N7354
    Quininic acid

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Quininic acid, purified from Eucalyptus globulus, cinchona bark, and other plant products, is the most abundant organic acid.
  • HY-A0143
    Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid

    all-cis-8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (all-cis-8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic acid) is a 20-carbon ω-6 fatty acid, with anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities. Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid attenuates atherosclerosis in the apolipoprotein E deficient mouse model system.
  • HY-108398A
    Mead acid

    5,8,11-Eicosatrienoic acid

    Others Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Mead acid (5,8,11-Eicosatrienoic acid), an unsaturated (Omega-9) fatty acid, is an indicator of essential fatty acid deficiency.
  • HY-113025A
    L-hydroxylysine dihydrochloride

    (2S,5R)-5-Hydroxylysine dihydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    L-hydroxylysine dihydrochloride ((2S,5R)-5-Hydroxylysine dihydrochloride), an amino acid, is exclusive to collagen protein, which is formed by posttranslational hydroxylation of some lysine residues.
  • HY-135500
    ACT-373898

    Others Endocrinology
    ACT-373898 is an inactive carboxylic acid metabolite of Macitentan. Macitentan is an orally active, non-peptide dual ETA and ETB (endothelin receptor) antagonist.
  • HY-113147A
    L-Palmitoylcarnitine chloride

    Potassium Channel Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    L-Palmitoylcarnitine chloride, a long-chain acylcarnitine and a fatty acid metabolite, accumulates in the sarcolemma and deranges the membrane lipid environment during ischaemia. L-Palmitoylcarnitine chloride inhibits KATP channel activity, without affecting the single channel conductance, through interaction with Kir6.2.
  • HY-W048682
    Fmoc-1-methyl-L-histidine

    Others Others
    Fmoc-1-methyl-L-histidine is a Fmoc protected amino acid and can be used as an intermediate for peptide synthesis.
  • HY-N8115
    S-(4-Hydroxybenzyl)glutathione

    Others Neurological Disease
    S-(4-Hydroxybenzyl)glutathione is a glutathione derivative. S-(4-Hydroxybenzyl)glutathione inhibits the in vitro binding of kainic acid to brain glutamate receptors, with an IC50 of 2 μM.
  • HY-78933
    Fmoc-MMAE

    Microtubule/Tubulin ADC Cytotoxin Cancer
    Fmoc-MMAE is a protective group-conjugated monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE), which is a potent tubulin inhibitor. Fmoc-MMAE can be used in the synthesis of ADC.
  • HY-107343
    Docosahexaenoic acid ethyl ester

    Ethyl docosahexaenoate

    Others Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Docosahexaenoic acid ethyl ester (Ethyl docosahexaenoate) is a 90% concentrated ethyl ester of docosahexaenoic acid manufactured from the microalgal oil. Docosahexaenoic acid ethyl ester enhances 6-hydroxydopamine-induced neuronal damage by induction of lipid peroxidation in mouse striatum. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a key component of the cell membrane, and its peroxidation is inducible due to the double-bond chemical structure. Docosahexaenoic acid has neuroprotective effects.
  • HY-100007
    Vonoprazan

    TAK-438 free base

    Proton Pump Endocrinology
    Vonoprazan (TAK-438 free base), a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), is a potent and orally active potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB), with antisecretory activity. Vonoprazan inhibits H +,K +-ATPase activity in porcine gastric microsomes with an IC50 of 19 nM at pH 6.5. Vonoprazan is developed for the research of acid-related diseases, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcer disease.
  • HY-15295
    Vonoprazan Fumarate

    TAK-438

    Proton Pump Metabolic Disease
    Vonoprazan Fumarate (TAK-438), a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), is a potent and orally active potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB), with antisecretory activity. Vonoprazan Fumarate inhibits H +,K +-ATPase activity in porcine gastric microsomes with an IC50 of 19 nM at pH 6.5. Vonoprazan Fumarate is developed for the research of acid-related diseases, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcer disease.
  • HY-N0729
    Linoleic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Linoleic acid is a common polyunsaturated (PUFA) found in plant-based oils, nuts and seeds. Linoleic acid is a part of membrane phospholipids, and functions as a structural component to maintain a certain level of membrane fluidity of the transdermal water barrier of the epidermis. Linoleic acid induces red blood cells and hemoglobin damage via oxidative mechanism .
  • HY-139557
    Zastaprazan

    Proton Pump Inflammation/Immunology
    Zastaprazan is a proton pump inhibitor (WO2018008929). Zastaprazan can be used for the research of gastrointestinal inflammatory diseases or gastric acid-related diseases.
  • HY-134274
    8-Br-GTP

    8-Bromoguanosine-5'-triphosphate

    Bacterial Infection
    8-Br-GTP, a GTP analog, is a competitive FtsZ polymerization and GTPase activity (Ki of 31.8 μM) inhibitor. 8-Br-GTP can be used for nucleic acid modification.
  • HY-113130
    Eicosadienoic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Eicosadienoic acid is a rare, naturally occurring n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid found mainly in animal tissues.
  • HY-15453
    Devimistat

    CPI-613

    Apoptosis Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer
    Devimistat (CPI-613) is a mitochondrial metabolism inhibitor. Devimistat is a lipoic acid antagonist that abrogates mitochondrial energy metabolism to induce apoptosis in various cancer cells.
  • HY-W016784
    Indole-3-acetamide

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Indole-3-acetamide is a biosynthesis intermediate of indole-3-acetic acid (HY-18569). Indole-3-acetic acid is the most common natural plant growth hormone of the auxin class.
  • HY-B2145
    Ilaprazole sodium

    IY-81149 sodium

    Proton Pump TOPK Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Ilaprazole (IY-81149) sodium is an orally active proton pump inhibitor. Ilaprazole sodium irreversibly inhibits H +/K +-ATPase in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of 6 μM in rabbit parietal cell preparation. Ilaprazole sodium is used for the research of gastric ulcers. Ilaprazole sodium is also a potent TOPK (T-lymphokine-activated killer cell-originated protein kinase) inhibitor.
  • HY-101664
    Ilaprazole

    IY-81149

    Proton Pump TOPK Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Ilaprazole (IY-81149) is an orally active proton pump inhibitor. Ilaprazole irreversibly inhibits H +/K +-ATPase in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of pump inhibitory activity of 6 μM in rabbit parietal cell preparation. Ilaprazole is used for the research of gastric ulcers. Ilaprazole is also a potent TOPK (T-lymphokine-activated killer cell-originated protein kinase) inhibitor.
  • HY-124422
    Pentacosanoic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Pentacosanoic acid is a 25-carbon long-chain saturated fatty acid. Pentacosanoic is a conjugate acid of a pentacosanoate.
  • HY-N9457
    Norcholic acid

    Others Endocrinology Metabolic Disease
    Norcholic acid is a normal minorbile C23 bile acid having four side chain and exsits in human urine and meconium. Norcholic acid can become prominent under certain pathological conditions. Norcholic acid is efficiently absorbed from intestine and quickly excreted into the bile but not into urine.
  • HY-W018512
    7-Ketolithocholic acid

    3α-Hydroxy-7-oxo-5β-cholanic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    7-Ketolithocholic acid (3α-Hydroxy-7-oxo-5β-cholanic acid), a bile acid, can be absorbed and suppresses endogenous bile acid production and biliary cholesterol secretion.
  • HY-117145
    Thiophene-2

    TP2

    Bacterial Infection
    Thiophene-2 (TP2) is a specific polyketide synthase 13 (Pks13) inhibitor. Thiophene-2 inhibits mycolic acid biosynthesis and rapidly leads to mycobacterial cell death. Thiophene-2 is active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis with a MIC value of 1 μM, and has potent anti-tuberculosis activity.
  • HY-Y1718
    Tridecanoic acid

    N-Tridecanoic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Bacterial Infection Metabolic Disease
    Tridecanoic acid (N-Tridecanoic acid), a 13-carbon medium-chain saturated fatty acid, can serve as an antipersister and antibiofilm agent that may be applied to research bacterial infections. Tridecanoic acid inhibits Escherichia coli persistence and biofilm formation.
  • HY-N7031
    (±)​-​Vasicine

    (±)​-Peganine

    Proton Pump Inflammation/Immunology
    (±)-Vasicine is the racemate of Vasicine. Vasicine (Peganine) significantly inhibits H +-K +-ATPase activity in vitro with an IC50 of 73.47 μg/mL. Anti-ulcer activity. Vasicine shows significant anti-secretory, antioxidant and cytoprotective effect.
  • HY-B1478
    Dimaprit dihydrochloride

    Histamine Receptor NO Synthase Endocrinology
    Dimaprit dihydrochloride is a selective histamine H2 receptor agonist, it also inhibits nNOS with an IC50 of 49 μM. Dimaprit dihydrochloride can stimulate gastric acid secretion.
  • HY-B0853
    Paclobutrazol

    Fungal Infection
    Paclobutrazol is a triazole-containing plant growth retardant that is known to inhibit the biosynthesis of gibberellins. Paclobutrazol also has antifungal activities. Paclobutrazol, transported acropetally in plants, can also suppress the synthesis of abscisic acid and induce chilling tolerance in plants. Paclobutrazol is typically used to support research on the role of gibberellins in plant biology.
  • HY-113972A
    (E/Z)-Methyl mycophenolate

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    (E/Z)-Methyl mycophenolate is a racemic compound of (Z)-Methyl mycophenolate and (E)-Methyl mycophenolate isomers. Methyl mycophenolate is a methyl ester of mycophenolic acid. Methyl mycophenolate can be used to synthesize mycophenolic acid β-D-glucuronide and phenolic glycosides.
  • HY-W010832
    Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt

    P2Y Receptor DNA/RNA Synthesis Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt is a potent, selective P2Y6 receptor native agonist (EC50=300 nM; pEC50=6.52 for human P2Y6 receptor). Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt, an endogenous metabolite, catalyzes the glucuronidation of a wide array of substrates and is used in nucleic acid (RNA) biosynthesis.
  • HY-W015495
    L-Dihydroorotic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    L-Dihydroorotic acid can reversibly hydrolyze to yield the acyclic L-ureidosuccinic acid by dihydrowhey enzyme.
  • HY-N2073
    Ethyl linolenate

    MCHR1 (GPR24) Cardiovascular Disease
    Ethyl linolenate is a fatty acid ethyl ester (FAEE). Ethyl linolenate plays an active role in inhibition of the cellular production on melanin with an IC50 of 70 μM. Anti-melanogenesis Effects.
  • HY-B0172B
    Isolithocholic acid

    3β-Hydroxy-5β-cholanic acid; 3-Epilithocholic acid; β-Lithocholic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Endocrinology
    Isolithocholic acid (β-Lithocholic acid) is an isomer of Lithocholic acid. Isolithocholic acid, a bile acid, is formed by microbial metabolism of Lithocholic acid or Lithocholic acid 3α-sulfate.
  • HY-W011688
    Methyl palmitoleate

    (Z)-Methyl hexadec-9-enoate; Methyl cis-9-Hexadecenoate

    Others Others
    Methyl palmitoleate ((Z)-Methyl hexadec-9-enoate), a fatty acid methyl ester, is an analogue of Palmitoleate with cytoprotective and growth-promoting properties.
  • HY-W010820
    Uridine 5'-diphosphate sodium salt

    P2Y Receptor DNA/RNA Synthesis Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Uridine 5'-diphosphate sodium salt is a potent, selective P2Y6 receptor native agonist (EC50=300 nM; pEC50=6.52) and a potent P2Y14 antagonist (pEC50=7.28). Uridine 5'-diphosphate sodium salt, an endogenous metabolite, catalyzes the glucuronidation of a wide array of substrates and is used in nucleic acid (RNA) biosynthesis.
  • HY-Y0444
    D-Tyrosine

    Tyrosinase Metabolic Disease
    D-Tyrosine is the D-isomer of tyrosine. D-Tyrosine negatively regulates melanin synthesis by inhibiting tyrosinase activity. D-Tyrosine inhibits biofilm formation and trigger the self-dispersal of biofilms without suppressing bacterial growth.
  • HY-W003445
    4-Bromo-3-hydroxybenzoic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    4-Bromo-3-hydroxybenzoic acid is a metabolite of Brocresine and a histidine decarboxylase (HDC) inhibitor with IC50s of 1 mM for both rat fetal and rat gastric HDC. 4-Bromo-3-hydroxybenzoic acid also inhibits aromatic-L-amino acid decarboxylase from hog kidney and rat gastric mucosa in vitro with IC50s of 1 mM for both enzymes.
  • HY-135795
    1-Cyclohexyl-3-dodecyl urea

    CDU; N-Cyclohexyl-N-dodecyl urea; NCND

    Epoxide Hydrolase Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    1-Cyclohexyl-3-dodecyl urea (CDU; N-Cyclohexyl-N-dodecyl urea; NCND) is a highly selective soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitor. 1-Cyclohexyl-3-dodecyl urea (CDU; N-Cyclohexyl-N-dodecyl urea; NCND) increases epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) levels and lowers blood pressure in angiotensin II (Ang II) hypertension.
  • HY-Y0469
    1-Aminohydantoin hydrochloride

    Others Others
    1-Aminohydantoin hydrochloride is a major metabolite of nitrofurantoin in animal tissues and can be used as a standard for the determination of residues of veterinary agents in meat, milk et.al. 1-Aminohydantoin hydrochloride covalently binds to tissue proteins and is released from the tissues under slightly acidic conditions and derivatized with 2-nitrobenzaldehyde to form nitrophenyl derivatives of AHD before detection.
  • HY-12812
    Autotaxin modulator 1

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Cancer Neurological Disease
    Autotaxin modulator 1 is an autotaxin (ATX) enzyme inhibitor, extracted from patent WO 2014018881 A1, Compound Example 12b. Autotaxin modulator 1 is expected to be useful for researching demyelination due to injury or disease, as well as for researching proliferative disorders such as cancer.
  • HY-B1207
    Urethane

    Ethyl carbamate; Carbamic acid ethyl ester; Ethylurethane

    Bacterial Parasite Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    Urethane (Ethyl carbamate), the ethyl ester of carbamic acid, is a byproduct of fermentation found in various food products. Urethane has the ability to suppress bacterial, protozoal, sea urchin egg, and plant tissue growth in vitro.
  • HY-N6599
    3-Feruloylquinic acid

    Others Others
    3-Feruloylquinic acid, a derivative of quinic acid-bound phenolic acid, shows antioxidant activity. 3-Feruloylquinic acid markedly enhances by high photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and UV irradiances.
  • HY-W001959
    D-Allothreonine

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    D-Allothreonine is the D type stereoisomer of Allothreonine. D-Allothreonine is a peptido-lipid derived from bacteria. D-Allothreonine, amide-linked to the D-galacturonic acid, is also a constituent in the polysaccharide.
  • HY-N6998
    Paederosidic acid

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Paederosidic acid is isolated from P. scandens with anticancer and anti‐inflammation activities. Paederosidic acid inhibits lung caner cells via inducing mitochondria-mediated apoptosis.
  • HY-N0200
    Albaspidin AP

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Albaspidin AP inhibits fatty acid synthase (FAS) with an IC50 value of 71.7 μM. Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is emerging as a potential therapeutic target for cancer and obesity.
  • HY-N7132
    Menthyl acetate

    L-Menthyl acetate; (-)-Menthyl acetate

    Others Others
    ​Menthyl acetate (L-Menthyl acetate) is a derivative of L-menthol. ​Menthyl acetate is effective to enhance 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) skin permeation.
  • HY-B1274
    Cinromide

    trans-3-Bromo-N-ethylcinnamamide

    Others Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Cinromide is an anticonvulsant agent. Cinromide inhibits epithelial neutral amino acid transporter B 0AT1 (SLC6A19) with an IC50 of 0.5 μM.
  • HY-16007
    (-)-Hydroxycitric acid

    Garcinia acid

    ATP Citrate Lyase Metabolic Disease
    (-)-Hydroxycitric acid (Garcinia acid) is the principal acid of fruit rinds of Garcinia cambogia. (-)-Hydroxycitric acid is a potent and competitive inhibitor of ATP citrate lyase. (-)-Hydroxycitric acid suppresses the fatty acid synthesis, lipogenesis, food intake, and induced weight loss.
  • HY-124527
    HET0016

    Cytochrome P450 Cardiovascular Disease
    HET0016 is a potent and selective 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) synthase inhibitor, with IC50 values of 17.7 nM, 12.1 nM and 20.6 nM for recombinant CYP4A1-, CYP4A2- and CYP4A3-catalyzed 20-HETE synthesis, respectively. HET0016 also is a selective CYP450 inhibitor, which has been shown to inhibit angiogenesis and tumor growth.
  • HY-B1789A
    Telenzepine dihydrochloride

    mAChR Neurological Disease
    Telenzepine dihydrochloride is a selective and orally active muscarinic M1 receptor antagonist with a Ki of 0.94 nM. Telenzepine dihydrochloride inhibits gastric acid secretion and has antiulcer effects.
  • HY-120139
    KMH-233

    Others Cancer
    KMH-233, a potent, reversible and selective l-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) inhibitor, inhibits the uptake of LAT1 substrate, l-leucin (IC50=18 μM) as well as cell growth. KMH-233 significantly potentiates the efficacy of Bestatin and Cisplatin even at low concentrations (25 μM).
  • HY-116141
    7-Hydroxycoumarinyl arachidonate

    7-HCA; Umbelliferyl Arachidonate; 7-HC-arachidonate

    Phospholipase MAGL Others
    7-Hydroxycoumarinyl arachidonate (7-HCA) is a fluorogenic substrate of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (PLA2). 7-Hydroxycoumarinyl arachidonate is also a fluorogenic substrate for monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL). MAGL protein catalyzes the hydrolysis of 7-Hydroxycoumarinyl arachidonat to generate Arachidonic acid (AA) and the highly fluorescent 7-hydroxyl coumarin (7-HC; HY-N0573). Release of 7-HC can be measured using a fluorometer.
  • HY-B0033
    Vigabatrin hydrochloride

    γ-Vinyl-GABA hydrochloride

    GABA Receptor Neurological Disease
    Vigabatrin hydrochloride (γ-Vinyl-GABA hydrochloride), a inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA vinyl-derivative, is an orally active and irreversible GABA transaminase inhibitor. Vigabatrin hydrochloride is an antiepileptic agent, which acts by increasing GABA levels in the brain by inhibiting the catabolism of GABA by GABA transaminase.
  • HY-19886
    F 16915

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    F 16915, a Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA, HY-B2167) derivative, is a potent pro-drug of DHA. F 16915 can prevent heart failure-induced atrial fibrillation.
  • HY-B0399
    L-Carnitine

    Levocarnitine

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    L-Carnitine (Levocarnitine) is an endogenous molecule involved in fatty acid metabolism, biosynthesized within the human body using amino acids: L-lysine and L-methionine, as substrates. L-Carnitine functions to transport long chain fatty acyl-CoAs into the mitochondria for degradation by β-oxidation. L-carnitine can ameliorate metabolic imbalances in many inborn errors of metabolism.
  • HY-131033
    L-Azidonorleucine hydrochloride

    Others Others
    L-Azidonorleucine hydrochloride, an unnatural amino acid, is A Methionine surrogate. L-Azidonorleucine hydrochloride can be used to label mammalian cell proteins and identify a diverse set of methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRS) mutants .
  • HY-133596
    12,14-Dichlorodehydroabietic acid

    Potassium Channel GABA Receptor Neurological Disease
    12,14-Dichlorodehydroabietic acid, a chlorinated resin acid, is a potent Ca 2+-activated K + (BK) channel opener. 12,14-Dichlorodehydroabietic acid blocks GABA-dependent chloride entry in mammalian brain and operates as a non-competitive GABAA antagonist. 12,14-Dichlorodehydroabietic acid increases cytosolic free Ca 2+ and stimulates transmitter release.
  • HY-N2581
    Phytic acid sodium salt

    myo-Inositol, hexakis(dihydrogen phosphate) sodium salt; Inositol hexaphosphate sodium salt

    Others
    Phytic acid sodium salt (myo-Inositol; hexakis dihydrogen phosphate; Inositol hexaphosphat) is often present in legume seeds with antinutritional effects. Phytic acid sodium salt is a [PO4] 3- storage depot and precursor for other inositol phosphates and pyrophosphates. phytic acid is hydrolyzed by phytases in a stepwise manner in the plant.
  • HY-138616
    dGTP

    2'-Deoxyguanosine-5'-triphosphate

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Cancer Infection
    dGTP (2'-Deoxyguanosine-5'-triphosphate), a guanosine nucleotide, can be used in deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis. Guanosine nucleotides (GDP, GTP, dGDP, and dGTP) are highly susceptible to oxidative damage to 8-oxo-GDP (8-O-GDP), 8-O-dGTP, 8-O-GTP, and 8-O-dGTP.
  • HY-A0208
    Rosoxacin

    Acrosoxacin

    Bacterial Antibiotic Infection
    Rosoxacin (Acrosoxacin) is a potent and orally active quinolone antibiotic. Rosoxacin (Acrosoxacin) has antibacterial activities against a broad spectrum of Gram negative bacteria including Neisseria gonorrhoeae (MIC90=0.03mg/ml). Rosoxacin has the potential for urinary tract infections treatment.
  • HY-12597
    Quisqualic acid

    L-Quisqualic acid

    iGluR mGluR Neurological Disease
    Quisqualic acid (L-Quisqualic acid), a natural analog of glutamate, is a potent and pan two subsets (iGluR and mGluR) of excitatory amino acid (EAA) agonist with an EC50 of 45 nM and a Ki of 10 nM for mGluR1R. Quisqualic acid is isolated from the fruits of Quisqualis chinensis.
  • HY-19996
    AH-7614

    GPR120 Metabolic Disease
    AH-7614 is a potent and selective FFA4 (GPR120) antagonist, with pIC50s of 7.1, 8.1, and 8.1 for human, mouse, and rat FFA4, respectively. AH-7614 has selectivity for FFA4 over FFA1 (pIC50<4.6). AH-7614 is able to block effects of both the polyunsaturated ω-6 fatty acid linoleic acid and the synthetic FFA4 agonist.
  • HY-141700
    FATP1-IN-2

    Others Metabolic Disease
    FATP1-IN-2, as an arylpiperazine derivative, is an orally active fatty acid transport protein 1 (FATP1) inhibitor (human IC50=0.43 μM, mouse IC50=0.39 μM).
  • HY-B1132
    Clidinium bromide

    Ro 2-3773

    mAChR Neurological Disease
    Clidinium bromide is a quaternary amine antimuscarinic agent. Clidinium bromide may help symptoms of cramping and abdominal/stomach pain by decreasing stomach acid, and slowing the intestines in vivo.
  • HY-W017443
    L-Asparagine monohydrate

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Asparagine monohydrate ((-)-Asparagine monohydrate) is a non-essential amino acid that is involved in the metabolic control of cell functions in nerve and brain tissue.
  • HY-N6877
    Purpurogallin carboxylic acid

    Others Cancer
    Purpurogallin carboxylic acid, isolated from Macleaya microcarpa (Maxim.) Fedde, is an oxidation product of gallic acid in fermented tea. Purpurogallin carboxylic acid has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-138540
    1-Dodecylimidazole

    N-Dodecylimidazole

    Fungal Cancer
    1-Dodecylimidazole (N-Dodecylimidazole) is a lysosomotropic detergent and a cytotoxic agent. 1-Dodecylimidazole causes cell death by its acid-dependent accumulation in lysosomes, disruption of the lysosomal membrane, and releaseof cysteine proteases into the cytoplasm. 1-Dodecylimidazole has hypocholesterolaemic activity and broad-spectrum antifungal activity.
  • HY-113884B
    (S)-Coriolic acid

    13(S)-HODE

    PPAR Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    (S)-Coriolic acid (13(S)-HODE), the product of 15-lipoxygenase (15-LOX) metabolism of linoleic acid, functions as the endogenous ligand to activate PPARγ. (S)-Coriolic acid is an important intracellular signal agent and is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation in various biological systems. (S)-Coriolic acid induces mitochondrial dysfunction and airway epithelial injury.
  • HY-133068
    5-Hydroxyferulic acid

    COMT Others
    5-Hydroxyferulic acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid and is a metabolite of the phenylpropanoid pathway. 5-Hydroxyferulic acid is a precursor in the biosynthesis of sinapic acid and is also a COMT non-esterifed substrate.
  • HY-W010629
    2-Chloroacetamide

    Bacterial Infection
    2-Chloroacetamide is a preservative and is a herbicide for both uplands and paddy fields. 2-Chloroacetamide is a biocide in agriculture, glues, paints and coatings. 2-Chloroacetamide inhibits very-long-chain fatty acid elongase.
  • HY-15399
    Vigabatrin

    γ-Vinyl-GABA

    GABA Receptor Neurological Disease
    Vigabatrin (γ-Vinyl-GABA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA vinyl-derivative, is an orally active and irreversible GABA transaminase inhibitor. Vigabatrin is an antiepileptic agent, which acts by increasing GABA levels in the brain by inhibiting the catabolism of GABA by GABA transaminase.
  • HY-109079A
    Abeprazan hydrochloride

    DWP14012 hydrochloride

    Proton Pump Metabolic Disease
    Abeprazan hydrochloride (DWP14012 hydrochloride) is a potassium-competitive acid blocker. Abeprazan hydrochloride inhibits H +, K +- ATPase by reversible potassium-competitive ionic binding with no acid activation required. Abeprazan hydrochloride is developed as a potential alternative to proton pump inhibitor for the treatment of acid-related diseases.
  • HY-B0946
    Sulfamonomethoxine

    Bacterial Antibiotic Infection
    Sulfamonomethoxine is a long acting sulfonamide antibacterial agent, used in blood kinetic studies,and blocks the synthesis of folic acid by inhibiting synthetase of dihydropteroate.
  • HY-W010062
    4-Chlorophenylacetic acid

    Others Cancer Metabolic Disease
    4-Chlorophenylacetic acid is a compound belongs to a family of small aromatic fatty acids with anticancer properties. 4-Chlorophenylacetic acid can provide carbon and energy for Pseudomonas sp.
  • HY-76199
    trans-4-Hydroxycyclohexanecarboxylic acid

    Others Metabolic Disease
    trans-4-Hydroxycyclohexanecarboxylic acid is a substrate for cyclohexanecarboxylic acid production. trans-4-Hydroxycyclohexanecarboxylic acid is the by-product of intestinal bacterial metabolism via urinary excretion.
  • HY-P1202A
    CYN 154806 TFA

    Somatostatin Receptor Endocrinology
    CYN 154806 TFA, a cyclic octapeptide, is a potent and selective somatostatin sst2 receptor antagonist, with pIC50 values of 8.58, 5.41, 6.07, 5.76 and 6.48 for human recombinant sst2, sst1, sst3, sst4 and sst5 receptors respectively.
  • HY-132145
    5-Propargylamino-ddUTP

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Others
    5-Propargylamino-ddUTP, a nucleoside molecule that can be used to synthesis of cyanine dye-nucleotide conjugate which is used in nucleic acid labeling or sequence analysis.
  • HY-N8522
    9,10-Dihydroxystearic acid

    Others Metabolic Disease
    9,10-Dihydroxystearic acid is an oxidation product of oleic acid. 9,10-Dihydroxystearic acid can improve glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in KKAy mice.
  • HY-132142
    5-Propargylamino-dCTP

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Others
    5-Propargylamino-dCTP is a nucleoside molecule extracted from patent US9035035B2, compound dCTP-PA. 5-Propargylamino-dCTP can conjugate to molecular markers for use in nucleic acid labeling or sequence analysis.
  • HY-17421
    Tenatoprazole

    TU-199

    Proton Pump Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Tenatoprazole (TU-199) is an orally active imidazopyridine-based proton pump inhibitor with a prolonged plasma half-life. Tenatoprazole inhibits hog gastric H +/K +-ATPase activity with an IC50 of 6.2 μM. Tenatoprazole blocks the interaction of ubiquitin with the ESCRT-1 factor Tsg101, inhibits production of several enveloped viruses, including EBV.
  • HY-16100
    BI 99179

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Cancer Metabolic Disease
    BI 99179 is a potent and selective type I fatty acid synthase (FAS) inhibitor with an IC50 of 79 nM. BI 99179 is a tool compound suitable for the in vivo validation of FAS as a target for lipid metabolism related diseases. BI 99179 exhibits significant exposure (both peripheral and central) upon oral administration in rats.
  • HY-113330
    12S-HHT

    12(S)-HHTrE

    Leukotriene Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    12S-HHT (12(S)-HHTrE) is an enzymatic product of prostaglandin H 2 (PGH 2) derived from cyclooxygenase (COX)-mediated arachidonic acid metabolism. 12S-HHT is an endogenous ligand for BLT2 that fully activates BLT2 in vivo. 12S-HHT suppresses UV-induced IL-6 synthesis in keratinocytes, exerting an anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-B0172S
    Lithocholic acid-d4

    3α-Hydroxy-5β-cholanic acid-d4

    Autophagy Apoptosis Metabolic Disease
    Lithocholic acid-d4 (3α-Hydroxy-5β-cholanic acid-d4) is the deuterium labeled Lithocholic acid, which is a toxic secondary bile acid.
  • HY-W015343
    3-Methoxyphenylacetic acid

    m-Methoxyphenylacetic acid

    Others Others
    3-Methoxyphenylacetic acid (m-Methoxyphenylacetic acid), a m-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (m-OHPAA) derivative, is a phytotoxin in Rhizoctonia solani. 3-Methoxyphenylacetic acid is used to develop a toxin-mediated bioassay for resistance to rhizoctonia root rot.
  • HY-132146
    5-Propargylamino-ddCTP

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Others
    5-Propargylamino-ddCTP, a nucleoside molecule that can be used to synthesis of cyanine dye-nucleotide conjugate which is used in nucleic acid labeling or sequence analysis.
  • HY-W014502
    D-Kynurenine

    Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    D-kynurenine, a metabolite of D-tryptophan, can serve as the bioprecursor of kynurenic acid (KYNA) and 3-hydroxykynurenine. D-Kynurenine is an agonist for G protein-coupled receptor, GPR109B. D-Kynurenine is a substrate in a fluorometric assay of D-amino acid oxidase. D-kynurenine promotes epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition via activating aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR).
  • HY-14518
    Aminopterin

    4-Aminofolic acid; APGA

    Antifolate Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Aminopterin (4-Aminofolic acid), the 4-amino derivative of folic acid, is a folic acid antagonist. Aminopterin catalyses the reduction of folic acid to tetrahydrofolic acid, and competitively inhibits dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) with a Ki of 3.7 pM. Aminopterin has anticancer and immunosuppressive activity. Aminopterin is used in treatment of pediatric leukemia.
  • HY-123863
    SSR411298

    FAAH Neurological Disease
    SSR411298 is an orally active, selective and reversible fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor. SSR411298 has the potential for post-traumatic stress disorder research.
  • HY-B0946S
    Sulfamonomethoxine-d4

    Bacterial Infection
    Sulfamonomethoxine-d4 is a deuterium labeled Sulfamonomethoxine. Sulfamonomethoxine is a long acting sulfonamide antibacterial agent, used in blood kinetic studies,and blocks the synthesis of folic acid by inhibiting synthetase of dihydropteroate.
  • HY-P1202
    CYN 154806

    Somatostatin Receptor Endocrinology
    CYN 154806, a cyclic octapeptide, is a potent and selective somatostatin sst2 receptor antagonist, with pIC50 values of 8.58, 5.41, 6.07, 5.76 and 6.48 for human recombinant sst2, sst1, sst3, sst4 and sst5 receptors respectively.
  • HY-N1272
    Secaubryenol

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Secaubryenol is a class of 3,4-secocycloartane triterpenes isolated from Coussarea macrophylla. Secaubryenol does not display any cytotoxic effect at a dose of 10 µg/mL.
  • HY-135652
    Hexyl gallate

    Hexyl 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate

    Bacterial Parasite Infection
    Hexyl gallates (Hexyl 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate) shows antibacterial activity and inhibits the production of rhamnolipid and pyocyanin by inhibiting RhlR. Hexyl gallate, a alkyl ester derivative of gallic acid, exhibits potent antimalarial activity against Plasmodium falciparum, with IC50 of 0.11 mM.
  • HY-109079
    Abeprazan

    DWP14012

    Proton Pump Metabolic Disease
    Abeprazan (DWP14012) is a potassium-competitive acid blocker. Abeprazan inhibits H +, K +- ATPase by reversible potassium-competitive ionic binding with no acid activation required. Abeprazan is developed as a potential alternative to proton pump inhibitor for the treatment of acid-related diseases.
  • HY-N2511
    Trimyristin

    AChE Phosphatase Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Trimyristin, an active molluscicidal component of Myristica fragrans Houtt, significantly inhibits acetylcholinesterase (AChE), acid and alkaline phosphatase (ACP/ALP) activities in the nervous tissue of Lymnaea acuminata. IC50s of Trimyristin against AChE, ACP, and ALP are 0.11, 0.16 and 0.18 mM, respectively.
  • HY-13662
    Lansoprazole

    AG-1749

    Proton Pump Bacterial Phospholipase Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Lansoprazole (AG 1749) is an orally active proton pump inhibitor which prevents the stomach from producing acid. Lansoprazole (AG 1749) is a potent brain penetrant neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) inhibitor (exosome inhibitor).
  • HY-P0311A
    LAH4 TFA

    Bacterial Infection
    LAH4 TFA, an alpha-helix of the designed amphipathic peptide antibiotic, exhibits potent antimicrobial, nucleic acid transfection and cell penetration activities. LAH4 TFA possesses high plasmid DNA delivery capacities. LAH4 TFA has a strong affinity for anionic lipids found in the outer membrane of bacterial membranes.
  • HY-135747
    Gut restricted-7

    GR-7

    Bacterial Infection
    Gut restricted-7 (GR-7) is a potent, covalent and orally active pan-bile salt hydrolase (BSH) inhibitor. Gut restricted-7 has a tissue-selective and is restricted to the gut. Gut restricted-7 decreases gut bacterial BSHs and decreases deconjugated bile acid levels in feces of mice.
  • HY-N7387
    3-​Oxocholic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    3-Oxocholic acid is an oxo-bile acid metabolite and also a major degradation product from cholic by C. perfringens in the intestine. 3-Oxocholic acid is steroid acid found predominantly in bile of mammals.
  • HY-107613
    R 59-022

    DKGI-I; Diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor I

    PKC 5-HT Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    R 59-022 (DKGI-I) is a diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor (IC50=2.8 μM). R 59-022 is a 5-HTR antagonist, and activates protein kinase C (PKC). R 59-022 potentiates thrombin-induced diacylglycerol production in platelets and inhibits phosphatidic acid production in neutrophils.
  • HY-135283
    ABT-546

    A-216546

    Endothelin Receptor Endocrinology Cardiovascular Disease
    ABT-546 (A-216546) is a potent, highly selective and active endothelin ETA receptor antagonist with a Ki of 0.46 nM for [ 125I]endothelin-1 binding to cloned human endothelin ETA. ABT-546 is >25,000-fold more selective for the ETA receptor than for the ETB receptor. ABT-546 blocks endothelin-1-induced arachidonic acid release and phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis with IC50 of 0.59 nM and 3 nM, respectively.
  • HY-P1125
    4-CMTB

    Others Others
    4-CMTB is a selective free fatty acid receptor 2 (FFA2/GPR43) agonist and a positive allosteric modulator (pEC50=6.38).
  • HY-119435
    Triallate

    Others Others
    Triallate is a selective preemergence herbicide for the control of wild oats in barley, spring wheat, Durum wheat, winter wheat, and sugar beets. Triallate inhibits fatty acid elongation and surface lipid (wax) biosynthesis.
  • HY-113402
    Gamma-glutamylcysteine

    γ-Glutamylcysteine

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Gamma-glutamylcysteine (γ-Glutamylcysteine), a dipeptide containing cysteine and glutamic acid, is a precursor to glutathione (GSH). Gamma-glutamylcysteine is a cofactor for glutathione peroxidase (GPx) to increase GSH levels.
  • HY-W015399
    4-Methylcinnamic acid

    Fungal Infection
    4-Methylcinnamic acid, a Cinnamic acid analog, can be used as a intervention catalyst for overcoming antifungal tolerance. 4-Methylcinnamic acid can improve the potency of cell wall-disrupting agents.
  • HY-N2920
    β-Amyrenonol

    11-Oxo-β-amyrin

    Cytochrome P450 Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    β-Amyrenonol (11-Oxo-β-amyrin), an oleanolic-type triterpenoid in licorice roots, is a precursor of Glycyrrhetinic acid. β-Amyrenonol has anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory activities, and β-Amyrenonol could function as the skeleton for the synthesis of many triterpenoids.
  • HY-P0311
    LAH4

    Bacterial Infection
    LAH4, an alpha-helix of the designed amphipathic peptide antibiotic, exhibits potent antimicrobial, nucleic acid transfection and cell penetration activities. LAH4 possesses high plasmid DNA delivery capacities. LAH4 has a strong affinity for anionic lipids found in the outer membrane of bacterial membranes.
  • HY-108034
    GET73

    Others Neurological Disease
    GET73 is a γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) analog, a naturally occurring neurotransmitter. GET73 has anti-alcohol and anxiolytic properties. GET73 significantly affects glutamate transmission in the hippocampus.
  • HY-119358
    Traumatic Acid

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Traumatic Acid is a monounsaturated dicarboxylic acid isolated from  Phaseolus vulgaris. Traumatic Acid can cause a decrease in membrane phospholipid peroxidation and show antioxidant and stimulatory effects on collagen biosynthesis. Traumatic Acid is a potential agent for the treatment of many skin diseases connected with collagen biosynthesis disorders and oxidative stress.
  • HY-108529
    BMS493

    RAR/RXR Metabolic Disease
    BMS493 is an inverse pan-retinoic acid receptor (RAR) agonist. BMS493 increases nuclear corepressor interaction with RARs. BMS493 also could prevent retinoic acid-induced differentiation.
  • HY-14874
    Topiroxostat

    FYX-051

    Xanthine Oxidase Cytochrome P450 Metabolic Disease
    Topiroxostat (FYX-051) is a potent and orally active xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 5.3 nM and a Ki value of 5.7 nM. Topiroxostat exhibits weak CYP3A4-inhibitory activity (18.6%). Topiroxostat has the potential for hyperuricemia treatment.
  • HY-N7431
    Levopimaric acid

    Bacterial Apoptosis Cancer Infection Cardiovascular Disease
    Levopimaric acid is a type of diterpene resin acid produced by plants. Levopimaric acid induces cancer cell apoptosis and has anticancer, antioxidant, antibacterial and cardiovascular activities.
  • HY-136540
    Resolvin D3

    RvD3

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Resolvin D3 (RvD3) is a docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) derived mediator. Resolvin D3 is dysregulated in arthritis and reduces arthritic inflammation.
  • HY-N7692
    Polyporusterone A

    Others Others
    Polyporusterone A is a triterpene carboxylic acid isolated from Polyporus umbellatus Fries. Polyporusterone A has inhibitory effect on free radical-induced lysis of red blood cells (hemolysis).
  • HY-16138A
    Ivaltinostat formic

    CG-200745 formic

    HDAC MDM-2/p53 Apoptosis Endocrinology Inflammation/Immunology
    Ivaltinostat (CG-200745) formic is a potent HDAC inhibitor which has the hydroxamic acid moiety to bind zinc at the bottom of catalytic pocket. Ivaltinostat formic inhibits deacetylation of histone H3 and tubulin. Ivaltinostat formic induces the accumulation of p53, promotes p53-dependent transactivation, and enhances the expression of MDM2 and p21 (Waf1/Cip1) proteins. Ivaltinostat formic induces apoptosis.
  • HY-133621
    9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

    Others Cancer
    9,10-Dichlorostearic acid is a chlorinated stearic acid with antimutagenic properties. 9,10-Dichlorostearic acid can cause membrane damage by inducing leakage of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from mammalian tumour cells in vitro.
  • HY-N7693
    Polyporusterone B

    Others Others
    Polyporusterone B is a triterpene carboxylic acid isolated from Polyporus umbellatus Fries. Polyporusterone B has inhibitory effect on free radical-induced lysis of red blood cells (hemolysis).
  • HY-126995
    Glycohyodeoxycholic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Glycohyodeoxycholic acid is a major metabolite of Hyodeoxycholic acid in humans. Glycohyodeoxycholic acid has preventative effects on gallstone formation.
  • HY-Y0123
    DL-Tyrosine

    Others Neurological Disease
    DL-Tyrosine is an aromatic nonessential amino acid synthesized from the essential amino acid phenylalanine. DL-Tyrosine is a precursor for several important neurotransmitters (epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine).
  • HY-113259
    7α-Hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    7α-Hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one is an intermediate in synthesis of bile acids from cholesterol. 7α-Hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one is a pregnane X receptor (PXR) agonist. 7α-Hydroxy-cholest-4-en-3-one is a biomarker for bile acid loss, irritable bowel syndrome, and other diseases associated with defective bile acid biosynthesis. 7α-Hydroxy-cholest-4-en-3-one is the physiological substrate for CYP8B1.
  • HY-131897
    1-Stearoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol

    PKC TRP Channel Neurological Disease
    1-Stearoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol is a diacylglycerol (DAG) containing polyunsaturated fatty acids. 1-Stearoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol can activate PKC. 1-Stearoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol also can augment nonselective cation channel (NSCC) activity.
  • HY-15209
    Repaglinide

    AG-EE 623ZW

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Repaglinide is an insulin secretagogue for the treatment of type-2 diabetes mellitus.
  • HY-N0728
    α-Linolenic acid

    PI3K Akt Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    α-Linolenic acid, isolated from seed oils, is an essential fatty acid that cannot be synthesized by humans. α-Linolenic acid can affect the process of thrombotic through the modulation of PI3K/Akt signaling. α-Linolenic acid possess the anti-arrhythmic properties and is related to cardiovascular disease and cancer.
  • HY-135425
    10,12-Tricosadiynoic acid

    Acyltransferase Metabolic Disease
    10,12-Tricosadiynoic acid is a highly specific, selective, high affinity and orally active acyl-CoA oxidase-1 (ACOX1) inhibitor. 10,12-Tricosadiynoic acid can treat high fat diet- or obesity-induced metabolic diseases by improving mitochondrial lipid and ROS metabolism.
  • HY-100781
    D-AP4

    D-APB; D-2-Amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid

    iGluR Neurological Disease
    D-AP4 (D-APB; D-2-Amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid), a phosphono analogue of glutamate, is an NMDA broad spectrum excitatory amino acid receptor antagonist. D-AP4 also is an agonist for a quisqualate-sensitized AP6 site in hippocampus. D-AP4 inhibits AMPA receptor-stimulated 57Co 2+ influx in cultured cerebellar granule cells (IC50 ≥ 100 μM).
  • HY-139014
    N-ε-propargyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine

    H-​L-​Lys(Poc)​-​OH

    Others Cancer
    N-ε-propargyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine (H-L-Lys(Poc)-OH) is a lysine-based unnatural amino acid (UAA). N-ε-propargyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine is widely used for bio-conjugation of fluorescent probes in diverse organisms from E. coli to mammalian cells even in animals.
  • HY-B1557A
    Betazole dihydrochloride

    Ametazole dihydrochloride

    Histamine Receptor Metabolic Disease
    Betazole (Ametazole) dihydrochloride, a pyrazole analogue of histamine, is an orally active H2 receptor agonist. Betazole dihydrochloride induces gastric acid secretion, and causes an immediate and significant increase in common bile duct pressure. Betazole dihydrochloride has been used as a diagnostic agent known as histalog, for investigating gastric acid secretory capacity.
  • HY-135772
    12-Ketodeoxycholic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    12-Ketodeoxycholic acid is a bile acid, metabolite from kidney. 12-Ketodeoxycholic acid can be a detectable marker for evidence of kidney injury
  • HY-F0003
    NADPH tetrasodium salt

    Ferroptosis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    NADPH tetrasodium salt functions as an important cofactor in a variety of metabolic and biosynthetic pathways. NADPH tetrasodium salt plays a vital role in the biosynthesis of drugs, chiral alcohols, fatty acids and biopolymers, while also being required for lipid biosynthesis, biomass formation, and cell replication. The demand for NADPH tetrasodium salt is particularly high in proliferating cancer cells, where it acts as a cofactor for the synthesis of nucleotides, proteins, and fatty acids. NADPH tetrasodium salt is also essential for the neutralization of the dangerously high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by increased metabolic activity. NADPH tetrasodium salt is an endogenous inhibitor of ferroptosis.
  • HY-12511
    SKF-86002

    p38 MAPK Inflammation/Immunology
    SKF-86002 is an orally active p38 MAPK inhibitor, with anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and analgesic activities. SKF-86002 inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulate human monocyte IL-1 and TNF-α production (IC50 = 1 μM). SKF-86002 inhibits lipoxygenase- and cyclooxygenase-mediated metabolism of arachidonic acid.
  • HY-B0283
    Acipimox

    K-9321

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Acipimox (K-9321), a nicotinic acid analogue, is an antilipolytic compound. Acipimox acutely inhibits lipolysis and suppresses systemic levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) and improves insulin sensitivity.
  • HY-103138A
    (Rac)-WAY-161503

    5-HT Receptor Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    (Rac)-WAY-161503 is a potent, selective, highly affinity 5-HT2C receptor agonist with a Ki of 4 nM and an EC50 of 12 nM. (Rac)-WAY-161503 displays higher affinity for 5-HT2C than 5-HT2A and 5-HT2B receptors. (Rac)-WAY-161503 has anti-obesity and antidepressant effects.
  • HY-138650
    Monocaprylin

    Glyceryl monocaprylate; Sefsol 318

    Bacterial Inflammation/Immunology
    Monocaprylin (Glyceryl monocaprylate), a monoglyceride of caprylic acid, exhibits an excellent antibacterial activity. Monocaprylin inhibits a variety of foodborne pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms and has the potential for an alternative food preservative research.
  • HY-Y0445A
    Sodium dichloroacetate

    PDHK Reactive Oxygen Species NKCC Apoptosis Cancer
    Sodium dichloroacetate is a metabolic regulator in cancer cells' mitochondria with anticancer activity. Sodium dichloroacetate inhibits PDHK, resulting in decreased lactic acid in the tumor microenvironment. Sodium dichloroacetate increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and promotes cancer cell apoptosis. Sodium dichloroacetate also works as NKCC inhibitor.
  • HY-B1557
    Betazole

    Ametazole

    Histamine Receptor Metabolic Disease
    Betazole (Ametazole), a pyrazole analogue of histamine, is an orally active histamine H2 receptor agonist. Betazole induces gastric acid secretion and causes an immediate and significant increase in common bile duct pressure. Betazole is used as a diagnostic agent known as histalog for investigating gastric acid secretory capacity.
  • HY-118347
    Aspartame acesulfame

    Others Neurological Disease
    Aspartame acesulfame is a methyl ester of a dipeptide. Aspartame acesulfame can be used as a synthetic nonnutritive sweetener. Aspartame acesulfame is composed of phenylalanine (50%), aspartic acid (40%) and methanol (10%).
  • HY-B1124A
    Fipexide hydrochloride

    Adenylate Cyclase Dopamine Transporter Neurological Disease
    Fipexide hydrochloride, a parachloro-phenossiacetic acid derivative, is a nootropic drug. Fipexide hydrochloride reduces striatal adenylate cyclase activity. Fipexide hydrochloride has positive effect on cognitive performance by dopaminergic neurotransmission. Fipexide hydrochloride is used for senile dementia research.
  • HY-101559
    10-Nitrooleic acid

    CXA-10

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    10-Nitrooleic acid (CXA-10), a nitro fatty acid, has potential effects in disease states in which oxidative stress, inflammation, fibrosis, and/or direct tissue toxicity play significant roles.
  • HY-N7624
    Methyl oleanonate

    3-Oxoolean-12-en-28-oic acid methyl ester

    PPAR Cancer
    Methyl oleanonate is a natural triterpene PPARγ agonist isolated from the species of Pistacia. Methyl oleanonate is a modified oleanolic acid derivative with anti-cancer effects.
  • HY-121450
    Lavoltidine

    Loxtidine; AH-234844

    Histamine Receptor Cancer
    Lavoltidine (Loxtidine) is an an orally active, irreversible and highly potent histamine H2-receptor antagonist. Lavoltidine strongly inhibits gastric acid secretion and also induces hypergastrinemia.
  • HY-W018555
    D-Cysteine

    Endogenous Metabolite Bacterial Infection Neurological Disease
    D-Cysteine is the D-isomer of cysteine and a powerful inhibitor of Escherichia coli growth. D-cysteine is mediated by D-amino acid oxidase to produce H2S and is a neuroprotectant against cerebellar ataxias. D-Cysteine could inhibit the growth and cariogenic virulence of dual-species biofilms formed by S. mutans and S. sanguinis.
  • HY-N0121
    Sesamin

    Others Neurological Disease
    Sesamin, abundant lignan found in sesame oil, is a potent and selective delta 5 desaturase inhibitor in polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis. Sesamin exerts effective neuroprotection against cerbral ischemia.
  • HY-B1124
    Fipexide

    Adenylate Cyclase Dopamine Transporter Neurological Disease
    Fipexide, a parachloro-phenossiacetic acid derivative, is a nootropic drug. Fipexide reduces striatal adenylate cyclase activity. Fipexide has positive effect on cognitive performance by dopaminergic neurotransmission. Fipexide is used for senile dementia research.
  • HY-119366
    S18-000003

    ROR Inflammation/Immunology
    S18-000003 is a potent, selective and orally active inhibitor of retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor-gamma-t (RORγt), with an IC50 of <30 nM towards human RORγt in competitive binding assays. S18-000003 shows selectivity for RORγt over other ROR family members (IC50>10 μM). S18-000003 can be used for the research of psoriasis with low risk of thymic aberrations.
  • HY-118149A
    (±)9-HpODE

    Bacterial Fungal Parasite Infection
    (±)9-HpODE is a long chain lipid hydroperoxide, is a product of linoleic acid peroxidation. (±)9-HpODE can induce oxidation of intracellular glutathione (GSH). (±)9-HpODE also exhibits antimicrobial activity against various fungal and bacterial pathogens.
  • HY-N7062
    JNJ-1661010

    Takeda-25

    FAAH Neurological Disease
    JNJ-1661010 (Takeda-25) a potent and selective fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor with IC50s of 34 and 33 nM for rat FAAH and human FAAH, respectively. JNJ-1661010 can cross the blood-brain barrier and used as broad-spectrum analgesics.
  • HY-135808
    BIZ 114

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    BIZ 114 (Example 11) is a fatty acid derivative and potent inhibits the TNF-α activated NF-κΒ pathway. BIZ 114 has the potential to prevent and / or treat ophthalmic disorders such as retinal degenerative disorders and ocular inflammatory diseases.
  • HY-126327
    UNC4976

    Histone Methyltransferase Cancer
    UNC4976 is a positive allosteric modulator (PAM) peptidomimetic of CBX7 chromodomain binding to nucleic acids. UNC4976 simultaneously antagonizes H3K27me3-specific recruitment of CBX7 to target genes while increasing non-specific binding to DNA and RNA.
  • HY-108641
    SKF-86002 dihydrochloride

    p38 MAPK Inflammation/Immunology
    SKF-86002 dihydrochloride is an orally active p38 MAPK inhibitor, with anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and analgesic activities. SKF-86002 dihydrochloride inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulate human monocyte IL-1 and TNF-α production (IC50 = 1 μM). SKF-86002 dihydrochloride inhibits lipoxygenase- and cyclooxygenase-mediated metabolism of arachidonic acid.
  • HY-125801
    3-Oxo-5β-cholanoic acid

    Dehydrolithocholic acid; 3-oxoLCA

    ROR Inflammation/Immunology
    3-Oxo-5β-cholanoic acid (Dehydrolithocholic acid), a bile acid metabolite, inhibits the diferentiation of TH17 cells by directly binding to the key transcription factor RORγt (Kd=1.13 μM).
  • HY-N7059
    Lactobionic acid

    Bacterial Infection
    Lactobionic acid is a bionic acid naturally found in the Caspian Sea yogurt and chemically constituted of a gluconic acid bonded to a galactose. Lactobionic acid has antioxidant, antimicrobial, chelating, stabilizer, acidulant, and moisturizing properties.
  • HY-B2246
    L-Carnitine hydrochloride

    (R)-Carnitine hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Carnitine hydrochloride ((R)-Carnitine hydrochloride), a highly polar, small zwitterion, is an essential co-factor for the mitochondrial β-oxidation pathway. L-Carnitine hydrochloride functions to transport long chain fatty acyl-CoAs into the mitochondria for degradation by β-oxidation. L-Carnitine hydrochloride is an antioxidant. L-Carnitine hydrochloride can ameliorate metabolic imbalances in many inborn errors of metabolism.
  • HY-117549
    Ibrolipim

    NO-1886

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Ibrolipim (NO-1886) is an orally active lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-promoting agent. Ibrolipim decreases plasma triglycerides, increases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Ibrolipim has renoprotective and hypolipidemic effects.
  • HY-W009749
    L-Cystathionine

    Endogenous Metabolite Apoptosis Cardiovascular Disease
    L-Cystathionine is a nonprotein thioether and is a key amino acid associated with the metabolic state of sulfur-containing amino acids. L-Cystathionine protects against Homocysteine-induced mitochondria-dependent apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). L-Cystathionine plays an important role in cardiovascular protection.
  • HY-126015
    P053

    Acyltransferase Metabolic Disease
    P053 is a potent, non-competitive and selective ceramide synthase 1 (CerS1) inhibitor wirh an IC50 of 0.5 μM. P053 acts as an endogenous inhibitor of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation in muscle. Whole-body adiposity regulator.
  • HY-107412
    Proteasome inhibitor IX

    PS-IX; AM114

    Proteasome Cancer
    Proteasome inhibitor IX (PS-IX; AM114) is a Chalcone derivative and a chymotrypsin-like activity of the 20S proteasome inhibitor with an IC50 value of ~1 μM. Proteasome inhibitor IX exhibits HCT116 p53 +/+ cells growth inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 1.49 μM. Proteasome inhibitor IX has potent anticancer activity.
  • HY-112942A
    CMP-Sialic acid sodium salt

    CMP-Neu5Ac sodium salt

    Others Metabolic Disease
    CMP-Sialic acid sodium salt (CMP-Neu5Ac sodium salt) is an allosteric inhibitor of UDP-GlcNAc 2-epimerase, the enzyme that initiates sialic acid synthesis. CMP-Sialic acid sodium salt provides a substrate for Golgi sialyltransferases.
  • HY-136373
    Metazachlor

    Others Others
    Metazachlor is a herbicide of the chloroacetamide class. Metazachlor is an inhibitor of the synthesis of long chain fatty acids and has an effect on cell division or tissue differentiation in the germinating and emerging weed target species.
  • HY-122337
    Streptolydigin

    Portamycin

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Bacterial Infection
    Streptolydigin (Portamycin) is a 3-acetyltetramic acid antibiotic and a potent bacterial RNA polymerase inhibitor with a Ki of 18 μM and a Kd of 15 μM. Streptolydigin inhibits RNA synthesis by binding to RNA polymerase and does not inhibit eukaryotic RNA polymerases. Streptolydigin possess potent antibacterial activity, particularly against anaerobes and some Gram-positive aerobes.
  • HY-115521
    Jarin-1

    Others Others
    Jarin-1 is a jasmonic acid-amido synthetase (JAR1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 3.8 μM. Jarin-1 specific inhibits bioactive JA (jasmonoyl-isoleucine, JA-Ile) biosynthesis in Arabidopsis and other plants.
  • HY-N0325
    DL-Methionine

    Parasite Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    DL-Methionine is an essential amino acid containing sulfur with oxidative stress defense effects. DL-Methionine can be used for animal natural feed. DL-Methionine also kills H. rostochiensis on potato plants.
  • HY-126415
    Magnesium Lithospermate B

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Magnesium Lithospermate B, a derivative of caffeic acid tetramer, and is extracted from Salviae miltiorrhizae. Magnesium Lithospermate B is widely used for the research of cardiovascular diseases, and it can protect against glucose-induced intracellular oxidative damage. Magnesium Lithospermate B also suppresses neuroinflammation and attenuates neurodegeneration.
  • HY-136066
    Tauro-ω-muricholic acid sodium

    TωMCA sodium

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Tauro-ω-muricholic acid sodium (TωMCA sodium) is a bile acid released by the liver and an analog of tauro-α-muricholic acid. Tauro-ω-muricholic acid sodium is investigated as a potential marker in plasma for early-onset neonatal sepsis (EOS) and cholestasis studies
  • HY-14380
    PF-3845

    FAAH Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    PF-3845 is a potent, selective, irreversible and orally active inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), with a Ki of 0.23 µM. PF-3845 is a covalent inhibitor that carbamylates FAAH's serine nucleophile. PF-3845 can reduce pain sensation, inflammation, and anxiety/depression without substantial effects on motility or cognition.
  • HY-133027
    Myristyl nicotinate

    Tetradecyl nicotinate

    Others Cancer
    Myristyl nicotinate (Tetradecyl nicotinate) is an ester prodrug and a lipophilic derivative of Nicotinic acid. Myristyl nicotinate is being developed for delivery of Nicotinic acid into the skin for prevention of actinic keratosis and its progression to skin cancer. Myristyl nicotinate shows to stimulate epidermal differentiation in photodamaged skin, increasing skin NAD content and strengthening the skin barrier.
  • HY-14973
    Vidupiprant

    AMG 853

    Prostaglandin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    Vidupiprant (AMG 853) is a phenylacetic acid derivative. Vidupiprant is a potent and orally active CRTH2 (DP2) and prostanoid D receptor (DP or DP1) dual antagonist with IC50s of 3 nM and 4 nM in buffer, and 8 nM and 35 nM in human plasma, respectively. Vidupiprant has the potential for asthma treatment.
  • HY-114360
    Taurohyodeoxycholic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Taurohyodeoxycholic acid is the tauroconjugated form of Hyodeoxycholic acid (HDCA, a dihydroxylated natural bile acid). Taurohyodeoxycholic acid induces a biliary phospholipid secretion and suggests a hepatoprotective potential. Taurohyodeoxycholic acid also can promote gallstone dissolution.
  • HY-129476
    L-Canaline

    Parasite Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Infection
    L-Canaline is a nonprotein amino acid stored in many leguminous plants. L-Canaline is a cytotoxic metabolite catalyzed by L-canavanine and its arginase. L-Canaline is a potent and irreversible inhibitor of ornithine aminotransferase. L-Canaline inhibits the growth of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum with an IC50 of 297 nM. L-Canaline has anticancer and antiproliferative effects.
  • HY-B1099
    Hycanthone

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Topoisomerase Parasite Infection
    Hycanthone is a thioxanthenone DNA intercalator and inhibits RNA synthesis as well as the DNA topoisomerases I and II. Hycanthone inhibits nucleic acid biosynthesis and inhibits apurinic endonuclease-1 (APE1) by direct protein binding with a KD of 10 nM. Hycanthone is a bioactive metabolite of Lucanthone (HY-B2098) and has anti-schistosomal agent.
  • HY-B0550
    Bismuth Subsalicylate

    Bismuth oxysalicylate; Bismuth(III) salicylate basic

    PGE synthase Neurological Disease
    Bismuth Subsalicylate is a potent and orally active antacid and anti-diarrheal agent. Bismuth Subsalicylate reduces inflammation/irritation of stomach and intestinal lining through inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis in vivo. Bismuth Subsalicylate is widely used for the research of diarrheal disorders, including indigestion, diarrhoea, nausea, et al.
  • HY-132610
    Givosiran

    ALN-AS1

    Others Neurological Disease
    Givosiran (ALN-AS1) is a small interfering RNA that targets hepatic aminolevulinate synthase 1 (ALAS1) messenger RNA. Givosiran downregulates ALAS1 mRNA and prevents accumulation of neurotoxic δ-aminolevulinic acid and porphobilinogen levels. Givosiran can be used for the research of acute intermittent porphyria.
  • HY-W019870
    Glufosinate ammonium

    Others Neurological Disease
    Glufosinate ammonium, a phosphinic acid analogue of glutamic acid, is an herbicide which is converted by plant cells into PT (L-phosphinothricin). Glufosinate ammonium exerts neurotoxic activity.
  • HY-N2417
    Stearyl glycyrrhetinate

    Bacterial Infection
    Stearyl glycyrrhetinate, a major component in licorice extract, has a MIC against S. aureus strains of more than 256 mg/L. Stearyl glycyrrhetinate has antibacterial effects.
  • HY-13212
    (Z)-2-Decenoic acid

    cis-2-Decenoic acid

    Others Cancer
    (Z)-2-decenoic acid (cis-2-Decenoic acid) is an unsaturated fatty acid produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. (Z)-2-decenoic acid induces a dispersion response in biofilms formed by a range of gram-negative bacteria, including P. aeruginosa, and by gram-positive bacteria. (Z)-2-decenoic acid inhibits biofilm development.
  • HY-N6036
    Ganoderic acid F

    Others Cancer
    Ganoderic acid F is a ganoderic acid. Ganoderic acid F exhibits antitumor and antimetastatic activities through inhibition of angiogenesis and alteration of proteins involving cell proliferation and/or cell death, carcinogenesis, oxidative stress, calcium signaling, and endoplasmic reticulum stress.
  • HY-15870
    SR 11302

    Others Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    SR 11302 is an activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor inhibitor. SR 11302 is a retinoid that specifically inhibits AP-1 activity without activating the transcription of retinoic acid response element (RARE).
  • HY-109124
    Taniborbactam

    VNRX-5133

    Bacterial Infection
    Taniborbactam (VNRX-5133) is a reversible and selective boronic acid-containing pan-spectrum β-lactamase inhibitor with IC50s of 8-530 nM. Taniborbactam has IC50s of 30 nM, 32 nM, 42 nM, 20 nM for KPC-2, AmpC, OXA-48, and VIM-2. Taniborbactam is against Gram-negative bacteria.
  • HY-133552
    RORγt Inverse agonist 10

    ROR Inflammation/Immunology
    RORγt Inverse agonist 10 is a potent and orally bioavailable RORγt (retinoic acid receptor-related orphan nuclear receptor gamma t) inverse agonist, with an IC50 of 51 nM. RORγt is a major transcription factor of genes related to psoriasis pathogenesis such as IL-17A, IL-22, and IL-23R
  • HY-131041
    Ned-K

    Calcium Channel Cardiovascular Disease
    Ned-K is a nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) antagonist. Ned-K is effective at dampening simulated ischaemia and reperfusion (sIR)-induced Ca 2+ oscillations in cardiomyocytes.
  • HY-W019870A
    Glufosinate

    Others Neurological Disease
    Glufosinate, a phosphinic acid analogue of glutamic acid, is a herbicide which is converted by plant cells into PT (L-phosphinothricin). Glufosinate exerts neurotoxic activity.
  • HY-131967
    CD73-IN-4

    CD73 Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    CD73-IN-4 is a potent and selective methylenephosphonic acid CD73 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 2.6 nM for human CD73. CD73-IN-4 is potential for the research of cancer immunology.
  • HY-50202A
    Etomoxir sodium salt

    (R)-(+)-Etomoxir sodium salt

    Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Etomoxir((R)-(+)-Etomoxir) sodium salt is an irreversible inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1a (CPT-1a), inhibits fatty acid oxidation (FAO) through CPT-1a and inhibits palmitate β-oxidation in human, rat and guinea pig.
  • HY-125469
    ICA-105665

    PF-04895162

    Potassium Channel Neurological Disease
    ICA-105665 (PF-04895162) is a potent and orally active neuronal Kv7.2/7.3 and Kv7.3/7.5 potassium channels opener. ICA-105665 inhibits liver mitochondrial function and bile salt export protein (BSEP) transport (IC50 of 311 μM). ICA-105665 can penetrate the blood-brain barrier and has antiseizure effects.
  • HY-106991A
    Amustaline dihydrochloride

    S-303 dihydrochloride

    HIV Bacterial Infection
    Amustaline (S-303) dihydrochloride, a nucleic acid-targeted alkylator, is an efficient pathogen inactivation agent for blood components containing red blood cells. Amustaline dihydrochloride has three components: an acridine anchor (an intercalator that targets nucleic acids non-covalently), an effector (a bis-alkylator group that reacts with nucleophiles), and a linker (a small flexible carbon chain containing a labile ester bond that hydrolyzes at neutral pH to yield non-reactive breakdown products).
  • HY-109124A
    Taniborbactam hydrochloride

    VNRX-5133 hydrochloride

    Bacterial Infection
    Taniborbactam hydrochloride (VNRX-5133 hydrochloride) is a reversible and selective boronic acid-containing pan-spectrum β-lactamase inhibitor with IC50s of 8-530 nM. Taniborbactam hydrochloride has IC50s of 30 nM, 32 nM, 42 nM, 20 nM for KPC-2, AmpC, OXA-48, and VIM-2. Taniborbactam hydrochloride is against Gram-negative bacteria.
  • HY-N0301
    Thiocolchicoside

    GABA Receptor Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Thiocolchicoside is a competitive γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor antagonist and glycine receptor agonist in the central nervous system. Thiocolchicoside is a semisynthetic sulfur derivative of colchicoside. Thiocolchicoside is a muscle relaxant and has anti-inflammatory, and analgesic properties.
  • HY-B0218
    Orlistat

    Tetrahydrolipstatin; Ro-18-0647

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Orlistat (Tetrahydrolipstatin) is a well-known irreversible inhibitor of pancreatic and gastric lipases. Orlistat is also an inhibitor of fatty acid synthase (FASN), is used orally for long-term research of obesity. Anti-atherosclerotic effect.
  • HY-131615
    TPC2-A1-P

    Sodium Channel Others
    TPC2-A1-P is a powerful and membrane permeable agonist of two pore channel 2 (TPC2) with an EC50 of 10.5 μM. TPC2-A1-P plays its role by mimicking the physiological actions of PI(3,5)P2. TPC2-A1-P also shows higher potency to induce Na 2+ mobilisation from TPC2 than TPC-A1-N (HY-131614). TPC2-A1-P can be used to probe different functions of TPC2 channels in intact cells.
  • HY-16138
    Ivaltinostat

    CG-200745

    HDAC MDM-2/p53 Apoptosis Cancer
    Ivaltinostat (CG-200745) is a potent HDAC inhibitor which has the hydroxamic acid moiety to bind zinc at the bottom of catalytic pocket. Ivaltinostat inhibits deacetylation of histone H3 and tubulin. Ivaltinostat induces the accumulation of p53, promotes p53-dependent transactivation, and enhances the expression of MDM2 and p21 (Waf1/Cip1) proteins. Ivaltinostat induces apoptosis.
  • HY-B0310
    Nizatidine

    Histamine Receptor Cancer Endocrinology Inflammation/Immunology
    Nizatidine is a potent and orally active histamine H2 receptor antagonist, can be used for the research of stomach and intestines ulcers. Nizatidine works by decreasing the secretion of gastric acid the stomach makes and prevent ulcers from coming back after they have healed in animal models.
  • HY-Y1620
    3-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)propanoic acid

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    3-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)propanoic acid is an orally active short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). 3-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)propanoic acid stimulates γ globin gene expression, erythropoiesis in vivo and is used for the β hemoglobinopathies and other anemias.
  • HY-N3848
    Ermanin

    Bacterial COX NO Synthase Influenza Virus Infection Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Ermanin is a flavonoid isolated from Tanacetum microphyllum. Ermanin potently inhibits iNOS, COX-2 activities, and inhibits platelet aggregation. Ermanin has anti-inflammatory, anti-tuberculous and anti-viral/bacterial properties.
  • HY-N7512
    Asimilobine

    Dopamine Receptor 5-HT Receptor Parasite Cancer Infection
    Asimilobine is an aporphine isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from plant species of Magnolia obobata Thun. Asimilobine is a dopamine biosynthesis inhibitor and a serotonergic receptor antagonist. Asimilobine shows an antimalarial and anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-14165
    Veliflapon

    BAY X 1005; DG-031

    FLAP Leukotriene Receptor Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Veliflapon (BAY X 1005; DG-031) is an orally active and selective 5-lipoxygenase activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor. Veliflapon inhibits the synthesis of the leukotrienes B4 and C4.
  • HY-109854A
    (R)-Lisofylline

    (R)-Lisophylline

    STAT Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    (R)-Lisofylline ((R)-Lisophylline) is a (R)-enantiomer of the metabolite of Pentoxifylline with anti-inflammatory properties. (R)-Lisofylline is a lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.6 µM and interrupts IL-12 signaling-mediated STAT4 activation. (R)-Lisofylline has the potential for type 1 diabetes, autoimmune disorders research.
  • HY-116374
    Glycolithocholic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Glycolithocholic acid, an endogenous metabolite, is a glycine-conjugated secondary bile acid. Glycolithocholic acid can be used to diagnose ulcerative colitis (UC), non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC).
  • HY-125818
    Cytidine-5'-triphosphate

    Cytidine triphosphate; 5'-CTP

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Cancer Infection
    Cytidine 5′-triphosphate (Cytidine triphosphate; 5'-CTP) is a nucleoside triphosphate and serves as a building block for nucleotides and nucleic acids, lipid biosynthesis. Cytidine triphosphate synthase can catalyze the formation of cytidine 5′-triphosphate from uridine 5′-triphosphate (UTP). Cytidine 5′-triphosphate is an essential biomolecule in the de novo pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway in T. gondii.
  • HY-N1429
    Taurochenodeoxycholic acid sodium salt

    12-Deoxycholyltaurine sodium salt

    Apoptosis Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Taurochenodeoxycholic acid sodium salt (12-Deoxycholyltaurine sodium salt) is one of the main bioactive substances of animals' bile acid. Taurochenodeoxycholic acid induces apoptosis and shows obvious anti-inflammatory and immune regulation properties.
  • HY-131614
    TPC2-A1-N

    Calcium Channel Others
    TPC2-A1-N is a powerful and Ca 2+-permeable agonist of two pore channel 2 (TPC2), which plays its role by mimicking the physiological actions of NAADP. TPC2-A1-P reproducibly evokes significant Ca 2+ responses from TPC2 (EC50=7.8 μM), and the effect can be blocked by several TPC blockers. TPC2-A1-N can be used to probe different functions of TPC2 channels in intact cells.
  • HY-N2027
    Taurochenodeoxycholic acid

    12-Deoxycholyltaurine

    Apoptosis Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Taurochenodeoxycholic acid (12-Deoxycholyltaurine) is one of the main bioactive substances of animals' bile acid. Taurochenodeoxycholic acid induces apoptosis and shows obvious anti-inflammatory and immune regulation properties.
  • HY-135880A
    OMDM-4

    Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    OMDM-4 is a selective and metabolically stable inhibitor of anandamide cellular uptake (ACU), with a Ki 17.7 μM.
  • HY-135882
    OMDM-6

    TRP Channel Cannabinoid Receptor Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    OMDM-6 is a hybrid agonist of vanilloid receptor type 1 (VR1, TRPV1) (EC50=75 nM) and cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) (Ki=3.2 μM). OMDM-6 inhibits anandamide cellular uptake (ACU) with a Ki of 7.0 μM.
  • HY-121557
    OMDM-1

    Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    OMDM-1 is a potent, selective and metabolically stable inhibitor of anandamide cellular uptake (ACU), with a Ki of 2.4 μM.
  • HY-135881
    OMDM-5

    TRP Channel Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    OMDM-5 is a selective inhibitor of anandamide cellular uptake (ACU), with a Ki of 4.8 μM. OMDM-5 is also a potent vanilloid receptor type 1 (VR1, TRPV1) agonist, with an EC50 of 75 nM, and shows weakly active as cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) ligand (Ki=4.9 μM).
  • HY-135880
    OMDM-3

    Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    OMDM-3 is a selective and metabolically stable inhibitor of anandamide cellular uptake (ACU), with a Ki of 16.6 μM.
  • HY-W011404
    Tributyrin

    Glyceryl tributyrate

    Apoptosis Metabolic Disease
    Tributyrin (Glyceryl tributyrate), a neutral short-chain fatty acid triglyceride, is a stable and rapidly absorbed prodrug of Butyric Acid. Tributyrin diffuses through biological membranes and is metabolized by intracellular lipases, releasing effective butyrate directly into the cell in vivo. Tributyrin has potent antiproliferative, proapoptotic and differentiation-inducing effects.
  • HY-103342
    OMDM-2

    Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    OMDM-2 is a potent, selective and metabolically stable inhibitor of anandamide cellular uptake (ACU), with a Ki of 3.0 μM.
  • HY-N0303
    Idebenone

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    Idebenone, a well-appreciated mitochondrial protectant, exhibits protective efficacy against neurotoxicity and can be used for the research of Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease. Idebenone (oxidised form) has a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on the enzymatic metabolism of arachidonic acid in astroglial homogenates (IC50=16.65 μM). Idebenone, a coenzyme Q10 analog and an antioxidant, induces apoptotic cell death in the human dopaminergic neuroblastoma SHSY-5Y cells. Idebenone quickly crosses the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-112764
    DMG-PEG 2000

    Others Metabolic Disease
    DMG-PEG 2000 is used for the preparation of liposome for siRNA delivery with improved transfection efficiency in vitro. DMG-PEG 2000 is also used for the lipid nanoparticle for an oral plasmid DNA delivery approach in vivo through a facile surface modification to improve the mucus permeability and delivery efficiency of the nanoparticles.
  • HY-10108
    LY294002

    PI3K Casein Kinase DNA-PK Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Infection
    LY294002 is a broad-spectrum inhibitor of PI3K with IC50s of 0.5, 0.57, and 0.97 μM for PI3, PI3 and PI3, respectively. LY294002 also inhibits CK2 with an IC50 of 98 nM. LY294002 is a competitive DNA-PK inhibitorr that binds reversibly to the kinase domain of DNA-PK with an IC50 of 1.4 μM. LY294002 is an apoptosis activator.
  • HY-B1367
    Carbenoxolone disodium

    Gap Junction Protein Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Carbenoxolone disodium is the active metabolite of Glycyrrhizic acid (HY-N0184) and the inhibitor of human 11β-HSD and bacterial 3α, 20β-HSD. Carbenoxolone disodium is an uncoupling agent for gap junctions and a potent inhibitor of Vaccinia virus replication. Carbenoxolone disodium is used for the study of peptic, esophageal and oral ulceration and inflammation.
  • HY-103281
    Litorin

    Bombesin Receptor Metabolic Disease
    Litorin, an amphibian bombesin peptide derivative, is an bombesin receptor agonist. Litorin stimulates the contraction of smooth muscle, stimulates gastrin, gastric acid, and pancreatic secretion, and suppresses the nutriment in vivo.
  • HY-134539
    IMT1

    Mitochondrial Metabolism DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    IMT1 is a first-in-class specific and noncompetitive human mitochondrial RNA polymerase (POLRMT) inhibitor. IMT1 causes a conformational change of POLRMT, which blocks substrate binding and transcription in a dose-dependent way in vitro. IMT1 reduces deoxynucleoside triphosphate levels and citric acid cycle intermediates, resulting in a marked depletion of cellular amino acid levels. IMT1 has the potential for mitochondrial transcription disorders related diseases.