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Targets Recommended: PAI-1

Results for "Activator Inhibitors" in MCE Product Catalog:

530

Inhibitors & Agonists

5

Screening Libraries

39

Peptides

143

Natural
Products

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-N0277
    Aconine

    Jesaconine

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Aconine inhibits receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced NF-κB activation.
  • HY-14754
    Salirasib

    S-Farnesylthiosalicylic acid; Farnesyl Thiosalicylic Acid; FTS

    Ras Autophagy Cancer
    Salirasib is a Ras inhibitor that inhibits specifically both oncogenically activated Ras and growth factor receptor-mediated Ras activation, resulting in the inhibition of Ras-dependent tumor growth.
  • HY-114304
    COH000

    E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Cancer
    COH000 is an allosteric, covalent and irreversible inhibitor of ubiquitin-like 1-activating enzyme (SUMO-activating enzyme) (E1), with an IC50 of 0.2 μM for SUMOylation in vitro.
  • HY-15723A
    NSC 23766 trihydrochloride

    Ras Apoptosis Cancer
    NSC 23766 trihydrochloride is an inhibitor of Rac1 activation.
  • HY-19635A
    G-5555 hydrochloride

    PAK Cancer
    G-5555 hydrochloride is a potent and selective p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) inhibitor with a Ki of 3.7 nM.
  • HY-108330
    AG126

    Tyrphostin AG126

    ERK Inflammation/Immunology
    AG126 is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor which can prevent the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase p42MAPK (ERK2).
  • HY-135825
    TFEB activator 1

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    TFEB activator 1 is an orally effective, mTOR-independent activator of TFEB. TFEB activator 1 significantly promotes the nuclear translocation of Flag-TFEB with an EC50 of 2167 nM. TFEB activator 1 enhances autophagy without inhibiting the mTOR pathway and has the potential for neurodegenerative diseases treatment.
  • HY-B0167A
    Sodium Salicylate

    Salicylic acid sodium salt; 2-Hydroxybenzoic acid sodium salt

    COX Ribosomal S6 Kinase (RSK) Autophagy Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Sodium Salicylate (Salicylic acid sodium salt) inhibits cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity independently of transcription factor (NF-κB) activation. Sodium Salicylate is also a S6K inhibitor.
  • HY-15336
    AG 555

    Tyrphostin AG 555

    EGFR Reverse Transcriptase Cancer
    AG 555 (Tyrphostin AG 555), a potent antiretroviral drug, is a potent and selective inhibitor of EGFR and blocks Cdk2 activation.
  • HY-10484
    Pevonedistat hydrochloride

    MLN4924 hydrochloride

    NEDD8-activating Enzyme Cancer
    Pevonedistat hydrochloride (MLN4924 hydrochloride) is a potent and selective NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 4.7 nM.
  • HY-70062
    Pevonedistat

    MLN4924

    NEDD8-activating Enzyme Cancer
    Pevonedistat (MLN4924) is a potent and selective NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE) inhibitor with an IC50 of 4.7 nM.
  • HY-N0148A
    Rutin hydrate

    Rutoside hydrate; Quercetin 3-O-rutinoside hydrate

    JNK ERK mTOR Neurological Disease
    Rutin hydrate is a flavonol glycoside, able to cross the blood-brain barrier, and acts by inhibiting JNK and ERK1/2 activation and activating mTOR signalling.
  • HY-117656
    ESI-05

    NSC 116966

    Others Others
    ESI-05 (NSC 116966) is a specific antagonist of EPAC2 (exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 2), with an IC50 of 0.4 µM. ESI-05 (NSC 116966) inhibits cAMP-mediated activation of EPAC2 as well as EAPC2 mediated Rap1 activation.
  • HY-B0167
    Salicylic acid

    2-Hydroxybenzoic acid

    COX Autophagy Mitophagy Apoptosis Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Salicylic acid (2-Hydroxybenzoic acid) inhibits cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity independently of transcription factor (NF-κB) activation.
  • HY-15542A
    FRAX597

    PAK Cancer
    FRAX597 is a potent group I p21-activated Kinases (PAKs) inhibitor with IC50 of 8, 13 and 19 nM for PAK1, 2 and 3.
  • HY-100472
    ZYZ-488

    Caspase Cancer
    ZYZ-488 is a competitive apoptotic protease activating factor-1 (Apaf-1) inhibitor. ZYZ-488 inhibits the activation of binding protein procaspase-9 and procaspase-3.
  • HY-P1376
    G-Protein antagonist peptide

    mAChR Adrenergic Receptor
    G-Protein antagonist peptide is the substance P-related peptide that inhibits binding of G proteins to their receptors. G-Protein antagonist peptide competitively and reversibly inhibits M2 muscarinic receptor activation of Gi or Go and inhibits Gs activation by β-adrenoceptors.
  • HY-B1197
    Amcinonide

    CL-34699

    Glucocorticoid Receptor Inflammation/Immunology Endocrinology
    Amcinonide inhibit NO release from activated microglia with IC50 3.38 nM.
  • HY-15027
    5-Aminosalicylic Acid

    Mesalamine; 5-ASA; Mesalazine

    PPAR PAK NF-κB Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    5-Aminosalicylic acid (Mesalamine) acts as a specific PPARγ agonist and also inhibits p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) and NF-κB.
  • HY-101047
    D-erythro-Sphingosine

    Erythrosphingosine; erythro-C18-Sphingosine; trans-4-Sphingenine

    PKC Phosphatase Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    D-erythro-Sphingosine (Erythrosphingosine) is a very potent activator of p32-kinase with an EC50 of 8 μM, and inhibits protein kinase C (PKC). D-erythro-Sphingosine (Erythrosphingosine) is also a PP2A activator.
  • HY-10249
    GSK-690693

    Akt AMPK Autophagy Cancer
    GSK-690693 is an ATP-competitive pan-Akt inhibitor with IC50s of 2 nM, 13 nM, 9 nM for Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3, respectively. GSK-690693 is also an AMPK inhibitor, affects Unc-51-like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) activity and robustly inhibits STING-dependent IRF3 activation.
  • HY-P1260
    FSLLRY-NH2

    Protease-Activated Receptor (PAR) Neurological Disease
    FSLLRY-NH2 is a protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) inhibitor.
  • HY-15870
    SR 11302

    Others Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    SR 11302 is an activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor inhibitor. SR 11302 is a retinoid that specifically inhibits AP-1 activity without activating the transcription of retinoic acid response element (RARE).
  • HY-15542B
    FRAX486

    PAK Cancer
    FRAX486 is a p21-activated kinase (PAK) inhibitor with IC50s of 14, 33 and 39 nM for PAK1, PAK2 and PAK3, respectively.
  • HY-N4182
    Licochalcone E

    Akt p38 MAPK Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology
    Licochalcone E, a flavonoid compound isolated from Glycyrrhiza inflate, inhibits NF-κB and AP-1 transcriptional activity through the inhibition of AKT and MAPK activation.
  • HY-19635
    G-5555

    PAK Cancer
    G-5555 is a potent p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) inhibitor with Kis of 3.7 nM and 11 nM for PAK1 and PAK2, respectively.
  • HY-10255A
    Sunitinib

    SU 11248

    VEGFR PDGFR IRE1 Mitophagy Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Sunitinib (SU 11248) is a multi-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor with IC50s of 80 nM and 2 nM for VEGFR2 and PDGFRβ, respectively. Sunitinib, an ATP-competitive inhibitor, effectively inhibits autophosphorylation of Ire1α by inhibiting autophosphorylation and consequent RNase activation.
  • HY-P1376A
    G-Protein antagonist peptide TFA

    mAChR Adrenergic Receptor
    G-Protein antagonist peptide TFA is the substance P-related peptide that inhibits binding of G proteins to their receptors. G-Protein antagonist peptide TFA competitively and reversibly inhibits M2 muscarinic receptor activation of Gi or Go and inhibits Gs activation by β-adrenoceptors.
  • HY-W006230
    Anthraflavic acid

    Others Cancer
    Anthraflavic acid, a flavonoid, is a potent IQ mutagenicity inhibitor by virtue of its ability to inhibit both its microsomal and cytosolic activation pathways. Anthraflavic acid is a potent and specific cytochrome P-448 inhibitor activity an enzyme system closely associated with the activation of many chemical carcinogens.
  • HY-107406
    Antimycin A1

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer
    Antimycin A1 is a specific electron transfer inhibitor of ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase. Antimycin A1 inhibits angiogenesis through decrease in VEGF production caused by inhibition of HIF-1α activation.
  • HY-N6688
    Verruculogen

    Potassium Channel Bacterial Antibiotic Infection
    Verruculogen is a toxin produced mainly by Penicillium and Aspergillus spp. and causes severe tremors in affected animals. Verruculogen inhibits Ca 2+-activated K + channels. Verruculogen is an M phase inhibitor of the mammalian cell cycle.
  • HY-100602
    HJC0152 hydrochloride

    STAT Apoptosis Cancer
    HJC0152 hydrochloride is a signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) inhibitor.
  • HY-U00434
    3BDO

    mTOR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    3BDO is a new mTOR activator which can also inhibit autophagy.
  • HY-N0441
    Neferine

    (-)-Neferine

    NF-κB Autophagy Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Neferine is a major bisbenzylisoquinline alkaloid. Neferine strongly inhibits NF-κB activation.
  • HY-101214
    UK-371804

    PAI-1 Inflammation/Immunology
    UK-371804 is a urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) inhibitor with a Ki of 10 nM.
  • HY-P1260A
    FSLLRY-NH2 TFA

    Protease-Activated Receptor (PAR) Neurological Disease
    FSLLRY-NH2 TFA is a protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) inhibitor.
  • HY-18965
    TAS-301

    PKC Cardiovascular Disease
    TAS-301 is an inhibitor of smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation, and inhibits PKC activation induced by PDGF.
  • HY-B0289
    Erdosteine

    RV 144

    NF-κB Bacterial Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Erdosteine inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NF-κB activation. Erdosteine has muco-modulatory, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects.
  • HY-N1380
    Guaiacol

    2-Methoxyphenol

    COX NF-κB Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Guaiacol, a phenolic compound isolated from Guaiac resin, inhibits LPS-stimulated COX-2 expression and NF-κB activation. Anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-13764
    Tetrandrine

    NSC-77037; d-Tetrandrine

    Calcium Channel Potassium Channel Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Tetrandrine (NSC-77037; d-Tetrandrine) is a bis-benzyl-isoquinoline alkaloid, which inhibits voltage-gated Ca 2+ current (ICa) and Ca 2+-activated K + current.
  • HY-14452
    Fatostatin

    125B11

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Cancer
    Fatostatin (125B11), a specific inhibitor of SREBP activation, impairs the activation of SREBP-1 and SREBP-2. Fatostatin binds to SCAP (SREBP cleavage-activating protein), and inhibits the ER-Golgi translocation of SREBPs. Fatostatin decreases the transcription of lipogenic genes in cells. Fatostatin possesses antitumor properties, and lowers hyperglycemia in ob/ob mice.
  • HY-101918
    DS-1040 Tosylate

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    DS-1040 Tosylate is an orally active, selective inhibitor of activated thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFIa) with IC50s of 5.92 nM and 8.01 nM for human and rat TAFIa. DS-1040 Tosylate is a fibrinolysis enhancer for thromboembolic diseases.
  • HY-10255
    Sunitinib Malate

    SU 11248 Malate

    PDGFR VEGFR IRE1 Mitophagy Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Sunitinib Malate (SU 11248 Malate) is a multi-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor with IC50s of 80 nM and 2 nM for VEGFR2 and PDGFRβ, respectively. Sunitinib Malate, an ATP-competitive inhibitor, effectively inhibits autophosphorylation of Ire1α by inhibiting autophosphorylation and consequent RNase activation.
  • HY-135388
    ent-Ezetimibe

    ent-SCH 58235

    Drug Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    ent-Ezetimibe (ent-SCH 58235) is the RRS-enantiomer of Ezetimibe. Ezetimibe is a potent cholesterol absorption inhibitor. Ezetimibe is a Niemann-Pick C1-like1 (NPC1L1) inhibitor, and is a potent Nrf2 activator.
  • HY-19706
    ARS-853

    Ras Apoptosis Cancer
    ARS-853 is a cell-active, selective, covalent KRAS G12C inhibitor with an IC50 of 2.5 μM. ARS-853 inhibits mutant KRAS-driven signaling by binding to the GDP-bound oncoprotein and preventing activation.
  • HY-136059
    Desfluoro-ezetimibe

    Keap1-Nrf2 Autophagy Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Desfluoro-ezetimibe is a desfluoro impurity of Ezetimibe. Ezetimibe is a potent, metabolically stable cholesterol absorption inhibitor. Ezetimibe is a Niemann-Pick C1-like1 (NPC1L1) inhibitor, and is a potent Nrf2 activator.
  • HY-15300
    Skepinone-L

    CBS3830

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology
    Skepinone-L (CBS3830) is a selective p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor.
  • HY-100415
    UKI-1

    UKI-1C

    Others Infection
    UKI-1 is a novel synthetic inhibitor of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator system.
  • HY-133987
    AP-1/NF-κB activation inhibitor 1

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    AP-1/NF-κB activation inhibitor 1 is a potent AP-1 and NF-κB mediated transcriptional activation inhibitor (IC50=1 μM), without blocking basal transcription driven by the β-actin promoter. AP-1/NF-κB activation inhibitor 1 has a similar inhibitory effect on the production of IL-2 and IL-8 levels in stimulated cells.
  • HY-18749
    SC79

    Akt Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    SC79, a unique specific and BBB permeable Akt activator, activates Akt in the cytosol and inhibits Akt membrane translocation. SC79 specifically binds to the PH domain of Akt.
  • HY-110105
    NS8593 hydrochloride

    Potassium Channel Neurological Disease
    NS8593 hydrochloride is a potent and selective small conductance Ca 2+-activated K + channels (SK channels) inhibitor. NS8593 hydrochloride reversibly inhibits SK3-mediated currents with a Kd value of 77 nM. NS8593 hydrochloride inhibits all the SK1-3 subtypes Ca 2+-dependently (Kds of 0.42, 0.60, and 0.73 μM, respectively, at 0.5 μM Ca 2+), and does not affect the Ca 2+-activated K + channels of intermediate and large conductance (hIK and hBK channels, respectively).
  • HY-103666
    CY-09

    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Inflammation/Immunology
    CY-09 is a selective and direct NLRP3 inhibitor. CY-09 directly binds to the ATP-binding motif of NLRP3 NACHT domain and inhibits NLRP3 ATPase activity, resulting in the suppression of NLRP3 inflammasome assembly and activation.
  • HY-14452A
    Fatostatin hydrobromide

    125B11 hydrobromide

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Cancer
    Fatostatin hydrobromide (125B11 hydrobromide), a specific inhibitor of SREBP activation, impairs the activation of SREBP-1 and SREBP-2. Fatostatin hydrobromide binds to SCAP (SREBP cleavage-activating protein), and inhibits the ER-Golgi translocation of SREBPs. Fatostatin hydrobromide decreases the transcription of lipogenic genes in cells. Fatostatin hydrobromide possesses antitumor properties, and lowers hyperglycemia in ob/ob mice.
  • HY-12762
    QS11

    Others Cancer
    QS11 is a GTPase activating protein of ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (ARFGAP1) inhibitor.
  • HY-100447
    TM5275 sodium

    PAI-1 Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    TM5275 sodium is a plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) with an IC50 of 6.95 μM.
  • HY-B0809
    Theophylline

    1,3-Dimethylxanthine; Theo-24

    Adenosine Receptor Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Theophylline is a nonselective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, adenosine receptor blocker, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activator.
  • HY-128642
    FAPI-2

    Others Cancer
    FAPI-2 is a fibroblast activation protein (FAP) inhibitor for cancer research.
  • HY-W015445
    SD-169

    p38 MAPK Metabolic Disease
    SD-169 is an orally active ATP-competitive inhibitor of p38α MAPK, with an IC50 of 3.2 nM. SD-169 also weakly inhibits p38β MAPK with an IC50 of 122 nM. SD-169 prevents the development and progression of diabetes by inhibiting T cell infiltration and activation.
  • HY-15253
    Tiplaxtinin

    PAI-039; Tiplasinin

    PAI-1 Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Tiplaxtinin is a selective and orally efficacious inhibitor of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) with IC50 of 2.7 μM.
  • HY-112473
    NAV-2729

    Others Cancer
    NAV-2729 is a dual Arf1/Arf6 activation inhibitor.
  • HY-128643
    FAPI-4

    Others Cancer
    FAPI-4 is a fibroblast activation protein (FAP) inhibitor used in cancer research.
  • HY-15840
    YLF-466D

    C24

    AMPK Cancer
    YLF-466D is a newly developed AMPK activator, which inhibits platelet aggregation.
  • HY-B0236
    6-Aminocaproic acid

    EACA; Epsilon-Amino-n-caproic Acid; 6-Aminohexanoic acid

    Others Metabolic Disease
    6-Aminocaproic acid is an antifibrinolytic agent that acts by inhibiting plasminogen activators which have fibrinolytic properties.
  • HY-15002
    AST 487

    NVP-AST 487

    RET FLT3 VEGFR c-Kit Bcr-Abl Cancer
    AST 487 is a RET kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 880 nM, inhibits RET autophosphorylation and activation of downstream effectors, also inhibits Flt-3 with IC50 of 520 nM.
  • HY-N6258
    Kahweol

    AMPK Apoptosis Metabolic Disease
    Kahweol is one of the consituents of the coffee from Coffea Arabica with anti-inflammatory anti-angiogenic, and anti-cancerous activities. Kahweol inhibits adipogenesis and increase glucose uptake by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation. Kahweol induces apoptosis.
  • HY-10162
    Olaparib

    AZD2281; KU0059436

    PARP Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer
    Olaparib (AZD2281; KU0059436) is a potent and orally active PARP inhibitor with IC50s of 5 and 1 nM for PARP1 and PARP2, respectively. Olaparib is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-136427
    KRM-III

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    KRM-III is a potent and orally active T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) inhibitor. KRM-III inhibits TCR- and phorbol myristate acetate/ionomycin-induced activation of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) and T-cell proliferation with an IC50 of ~5 μM. Anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-16592
    Brefeldin A

    BFA; Cyanein; Decumbin

    Autophagy CRISPR/Cas9 Mitophagy HSV Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Brefeldin A (BFA) is a lactone antibiotic and a specific inhibitor of protein trafficking. Brefeldin A blocks the transport of secreted and membrane proteins from endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi apparatus. Brefeldin A is also an autophagy and mitophagy inhibitor. Brefeldin A is a CRISPR/Cas9 activator. Brefeldin A inhibits HSV-1 and has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-U00458
    K-80003

    TX-803

    Akt Cancer
    K-80003 is a potent inhibitor of tRXRα-dependent Akt activation and cancer cell growth.
  • HY-15252
    Reparixin L-lysine salt

    Repertaxin L-lysine salt

    CXCR Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Endocrinology
    Reparixin L-lysine salt is an allosteric inhibitor of chemokine receptor 1/2 (CXCR1/2) activation.
  • HY-12357
    Bempedoic acid

    ETC-1002; ESP-55016

    ATP Citrate Lyase AMPK Metabolic Disease
    Bempedoic acid (ETC-1002) is an ATP-citrate lyase (ACL) inhibitor. Bempedoic acid (ETC-1002) activates AMPK.
  • HY-N7452
    Coumermycin A1

    JAK Bacterial Metabolic Disease
    Coumermycin A1 is a JAK2 signal activator. Coumermycin A1 inhibits DNA Gyrase which thereby inhibits cell division in bacteria.
  • HY-N0896
    Inulicin

    1-O-Acetylbritannilactone

    NF-κB COX Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Inulicin (1-O-Acetylbritannilactone) is an active compound isolated from Inula Britannica L. Inulicin (1-O-Acetylbritannilactone) inhibits VEGF-mediated activation of Src and FAK. Inulicin (1-O-Acetylbritannilactone) inhibits LPS-induced PGE2 production and COX-2 expression, and NF-κB activation and translocation.
  • HY-P1375
    [D-Trp7,9,10]-Substance P

    mAChR
    [D-Trp7,9,10]-Substance P is the substance P analog that inhibits activation of Gq/11 by M1 muscarinic ACh receptors. [D-Trp7,9,10]-Substance P does not inhibit Gi/o activation by M2 ACh receptors.
  • HY-N0897
    Corylifol A

    Corylifol-A; Corylinin

    STAT Others
    Corylifol A inhibits IL-6-induced STAT3 activation and phosphorylation, with an IC50 of 0.81 μM.
  • HY-15530
    CID-2858522

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    CID-2858522 is a highly potent and selective antigen receptor-mediated NF-κB activation inhibitor with an IC50 of 70 nM.
  • HY-50703
    MK-2461

    c-Met/HGFR Cancer
    MK-2461 is a novel ATP-competitive multitargeted inhibitor of activated c-Met with a mean IC50 of 2.5 nM.
  • HY-N3807
    Enniatin B1

    Acyltransferase ERK NF-κB Cancer Infection Cardiovascular Disease
    Enniatin B1 is a Fusarium mycotoxin. Enniatin B1 inhibits acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) activity with an IC50 of 73 μM in an enzyme assay using rat liver microsomes. Enniatin B1 crosss the blood-brain barrier. Enniatin B1 decreases the activation of ERK (p44/p42). Enniatin B1 inhibits moderately TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation.
  • HY-P1375A
    [D-Trp7,9,10]-Substance P TFA

    mAChR
    [D-Trp7,9,10]-Substance P TFA is the substance P analog that inhibits activation of Gq/11 by M1 muscarinic ACh receptors. [D-Trp7,9,10]-Substance P TFA does not inhibit Gi/o activation by M2 ACh receptors.
  • HY-129390
    Orelabrutinib

    ICP-022

    Btk Cancer
    Orelabrutinib (ICP-022) is a potent, orally active, and irreversible Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor with potential antineoplastic activity. Orelabrutinib prevents both the activation of the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) signaling pathway and BTK-mediated activation of downstream survival pathways, inhibiting the growth of malignant B-cells that overexpress BTK.
  • HY-B0167S
    Salicylic acid-D6

    2-Hydroxybenzoic acid-D6

    COX Autophagy Mitophagy Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Salicylic acid-D6 (2-Hydroxybenzoic acid-D6) is a deuterium labeled Salicylic acid. Salicylic acid inhibits cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity independently of transcription factor (NF-κB) activation.
  • HY-16511
    Upamostat

    WX-671

    Ser/Thr Protease PAI-1 Cancer
    Upamostat (WX-671) is a serine protease inhibitor. Upamostat is the orally available prodrug of the WX-UK1, which is a urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) inhibitor.
  • HY-50714
    Quiflapon sodium

    MK-591 sodium

    FLAP Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Quiflapon sodium (MK-591 sodium) is a selective and specific 5-Lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor. Quiflapon sodium is an orally active Leukotriene biosynthesis inhibitor. Induces apoptosis.
  • HY-100965
    Diphenyleneiodonium chloride

    DPI

    TRP Channel NADPH Oxidase Reactive Oxygen Species Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Diphenyleneiodonium chloride is a NADPH oxidase (NOX) inhibitor and also functions as a TRPA1 activator with an EC50 of 1 to 3 μM. Diphenyleneiodonium chloride selectively inhibits intracellular reactive oxygen species.
  • HY-N0518
    Toddalolactone

    PAI-1 Cardiovascular Disease
    Toddalolactone, a main component of Toddalia asiatica, inhibits the activity of recombinant human plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), with an IC50 value of 37.31 μM.
  • HY-N0516
    Casticin

    Vitexicarpin

    STAT Inflammation/Immunology
    Casticin is a methyoxylated flavonol isolated from Viticis Fructus, with antimitotic and anti-inflammatory effect. Casticin inhibits the activation of STAT3.
  • HY-13719
    Oleandrin

    Na+/K+ ATPase Apoptosis Cancer
    Oleandrin inhibits the Na +, K +-ATPase activity with an IC50 of 620 nM. Oleandrin induces apoptosis via activating endoplasmic reticulum stress.
  • HY-10590
    TWS119

    GSK-3 Autophagy Neurological Disease Cancer
    TWS119 is a specific inhibitor of GSK-3β, with an IC50 of 30 nM, and activates the wnt/β-catenin pathway.
  • HY-14645A
    (+)-DHMEQ

    (1R,2R,6R)-Dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin; (1R,2R,6R)-DHMEQ

    Keap1-Nrf2 Inflammation/Immunology
    (+)-DHMEQ is an activator of antioxidant transcription factor Nrf2. (+)-DHMEQ is the enantiomer of (-)-DHMEQ. (-)-DHMEQ inhibits NF-kB than its enantiomer (+)-DHMEQ.
  • HY-112125A
    KRN2 bromide

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    KRN2 (bromide) is a selective inhibitor of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT5), with an IC50 of 0.1 μM.
  • HY-131265
    Mesalamine impurity P

    PPAR PAK NF-κB Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Mesalamine impurity P is an impurity of Mesalamine (HY-15027). 5-Aminosalicylic acid (Mesalamine) acts as a specific PPARγ agonist and also inhibits p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) and NF-κB.
  • HY-77251
    TAK1/MAP4K2 inhibitor 1

    MAP4K MAP3K Cancer
    TAK1/MAP4K2 inhibitor 1 is a potent dual TGFβ-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 2 (MAP4K2) inhibitor, with IC50s of 41.1 nM and 18.2 nM, respectively.
  • HY-P0190
    Iberiotoxin

    Potassium Channel Cardiovascular Disease
    Iberiotoxin is a toxin isolated from Buthus tamulus scorpion venom. Iberiotoxin is a selective high conductance high conductance Ca 2+-activated K + channel inhibitor with a Kd of ~1 nM. Iberiotoxin does not block other types of voltage-dependent ion channels.
  • HY-13417A
    AICAR phosphate

    Acadesine phosphate; AICA Riboside phosphate

    AMPK Autophagy YAP Mitophagy Cancer
    AICAR phosphate (Acadesine phosphate) is an adenosine analog and a AMPK activator. AICAR phosphate regulates the glucose and lipid metabolism, and inhibits proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS production. AICAR phosphate is also an autophagy, YAP and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-13417
    AICAR

    Acadesine; AICA Riboside

    AMPK Autophagy YAP Mitophagy Cancer
    AICAR (Acadesine) is an adenosine analog and a AMPK activator. AICAR regulates the glucose and lipid metabolism, and inhibits proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS production. AICAR is also an autophagy, YAP and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-128586A
    TAS4464 hydrochloride

    NEDD8-activating Enzyme Cancer
    TAS4464 (hydrochloride) is a highly potent and selective inhibitor of NEDD8 activating enzyme (NAE), with an IC50 of 0.955 nM.
  • HY-N2506
    Ginsenoside Ra1

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Ginsenoside Ra1 is a component from ginseng, inhibits protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) activation induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation.
  • HY-15869
    Inauhzin

    INZ

    Sirtuin MDM-2/p53 Cancer
    Inauhzin is a dual SirT1/IMPDH2 inhibitor, and acts as an activator p53, used in the research of cancer.
  • HY-128586
    TAS4464

    NEDD8-activating Enzyme Cancer
    TAS4464 is a highly potent and selective inhibitor of NEDD8 activating enzyme (NAE), with an IC50 of 0.955 nM.
  • HY-78131B
    (R)-(-)-Ibuprofen

    (R)-Ibuprofen

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    (R)-(-)-Ibuprofen is the R enantiomer of Ibuprofen, inactive on COX, inhibits NF-κB activation; (R)-(-)-Ibuprofen exhibits anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects.
  • HY-100407
    JNJ16259685

    mGluR Neurological Disease
    JNJ16259685 is a selective antagonist of mGlu1 receptor, and inhibits the synaptic activation of mGlu1 in a concentration-dependent manner with IC50 of 19 nM.
  • HY-114363A
    SRI 31215 TFA

    c-Met/HGFR Cancer
    SRI 31215 (TFA), a triplex inhibitor of matriptase, hepsin and hepatocyte growth factor activator (HGFA) with IC50s of 0.69 μM, 0.65 μM, 0.3 μM, blocks pro-HGF activation and thus mimics the activity of HAI-1/2.
  • HY-19356
    Rocaglamide

    Roc-A

    NF-κB HSP Eukaryotic Initiation Factor (eIF) Cancer
    Rocaglamide (Roc-A) is isolated from the genus Aglaia and can be used for coughs, injuries, asthma and inflammatory skin diseases. Rocaglamide is a potent inhibitor of NF-κB activation in T-cells. Rocaglamide is a potent and selective heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) activation inhibitor with an IC50 of ~50 nM. Rocaglamide inhibits the function of the translation initiation factor eIF4A. Rocaglamide also has anticancer properties in leukemia.
  • HY-B1546
    Benzamil

    Benzylamiloride

    Sodium Channel Na+/Ca2+ Exchanger Neurological Disease
    Benzamil (Benzylamiloride), an Amiloride analogue, is a Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger (NCX) inhibitor (IC50~100 nM). Benzamil also is a non-selective Deg/epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) blocker, and can potentiate myogenic vasoconstriction. Benzamil inhibits TRPP3-mediated Ca 2+-activated currents, with an IC50 of 1.1 μM.
  • HY-B1546A
    Benzamil hydrochloride

    Benzylamiloride hydrochloride

    Na+/Ca2+ Exchanger Sodium Channel Neurological Disease
    Benzamil hydrochloride (Benzylamiloride hydrochloride), an Amiloride analogue, is a Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger (NCX) inhibitor (IC50~100 nM). Benzamil hydrochloride also is a non-selective Deg/epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) blocker, and can potentiate myogenic vasoconstriction. Benzamil hydrochloride inhibits TRPP3-mediated Ca 2+-activated currents, with an IC50 of 1.1 μM.
  • HY-15004
    AUZ 454

    K03861

    CDK Cancer
    AUZ 454 (K03861) is a type II CDK2 inhibitor with Kd of 8.2 nM. AUZ 454 (K03861) inhibits CDK2 activity by competing with binding of activating cyclins.
  • HY-P1740
    RGD peptide (GRGDNP)

    Integrin Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    RGD peptide (GRGDNP) acts as an inhibitor of integrin-ligand interactions and plays an important role in cell adhesion, migration, growth, and differentiation. RGD peptide (GRGDNP) promote apoptosis through activation of conformation changes that enhance pro-caspase-3 activation and autoprocessing.
  • HY-14266
    Dapivirine

    TMC120; R147681

    HIV Reverse Transcriptase Apoptosis Autophagy Infection
    Dapivirine (TMC120), the prototype of diarylpyrimidines (DAPY), is an orally active and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). Dapivirine (TMC120) binds directly to HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. Dapivirine (TMC120) regulates autophagy and induced Akt, Bad and SAPK/JNK activations.
  • HY-19354
    Aglafoline

    Aglafolin; Rocaglamide U; (-)-Methyl rocaglate

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Aglafoline inhibits in a selective and concentration-dependent manner the aggregation and ATP release reaction induced in washed rabbit platelets by PAF (platelet-activating factor).
  • HY-16785
    Veledimex

    INXN-1001; RG-115932

    Cytochrome P450 Interleukin Related Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Veledimex is an oral activator ligand for a proprietary gene therapy promoter system, and a moderate inhibitor of and substrate for CYP3A4/5.
  • HY-15251
    Reparixin

    Repertaxin; DF 1681Y

    CXCR Inflammation/Immunology Endocrinology Cancer
    Reparixin is a non-competitive allosteric inhibitor of the chemokine receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2 activation with IC50s of 1 and 100 nM, respectively.
  • HY-N2283
    Deltonin

    ERK Akt Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Deltonin, a steroidal saponin, isolated from Dioscorea zingiberensis Wright, with antitumor activity; Deltonin inhibits ERK1/2 and AKT activation.
  • HY-32735
    Triptolide

    PG490

    NF-κB Apoptosis Cancer
    Triptolide is a diterpenoid triepoxide extracted from the root of Tripterygium wilfordii with immunosuppressive, anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative effects. Triptolide is a NF-κB activation inhibitor.
  • HY-111789
    TAK-981

    E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    TAK-981 is a first in class and selective inhibitor of the SUMOylation enzymatic cascade, with potential immune-activating and antineoplastic activities.
  • HY-136352
    Adenosine 5'-succinate

    Others Others
    Adenosine 5'-succinate is a chemically AMP-related compound and potently inhibits Denatonium benzoate/taste receptor activation of transducin.
  • HY-12524
    Bikinin

    Abrasin

    GSK-3 Others
    Bikinin is a non-steroidal, ATP-competitive inhibitor of plant GSK-3/Shaggy-like kinases and activates BR (brassinosteroids) signaling.
  • HY-N6946
    Mitraphylline

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Mitraphylline is the major pentacyclic oxindolic alkaloid presented in Uncaria tomentosa. Mitraphylline inhibits lipopolysaccharide-mediated activation of primary human neutrophils.
  • HY-101790A
    ZM223 hydrochloride

    NEDD8-activating Enzyme Cancer
    ZM223 hydrochloride is an orally active, potent non-covalent NEDD8 activating enzyme (NAE) inhibitor with excellent anticancer activity.
  • HY-16561
    Resveratrol

    trans-Resveratrol; SRT501

    IKK Autophagy Mitophagy Sirtuin Apoptosis Bacterial Fungal Antibiotic Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Resveratrol (trans-Resveratrol; SRT501), a natural polyphenolic phytoalexin that possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and anti-cancer properties. Resveratrol (SRT 501) has a wide spectrum of targets including mTOR, JAK, β-amyloid, Adenylyl cyclase, IKKβ, DNA polymerase. Resveratrol also is a specific SIRT1 activator. Resveratrol is a potent pregnane X receptor (PXR) inhibitor. Resveratrol is an Nrf2 activator, ameliorates aging-related progressive renal injury in mice model.
  • HY-125567
    Antileukinate

    CXCR Inflammation/Immunology
    Antileukinate, a hexapeptide, is a potent inhibitor of CXC-chemokine receptor (CXCR). Antileukinate inhibits neutrophil chemotaxis and activation. Antileukinate can be used for the research of acute inflammation and injury.
  • HY-N1990
    Gypenoside XLIX

    PPAR Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Gypenoside XLIX, a dammarane-type glycoside, is a prominent component of G. pentaphyllum. Gypenoside XLIX is a selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha activator and inhibits cytokine-induced vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) overexpression and hyperactivity in human endothelial cells.
  • HY-B1221
    Flufenamic acid

    COX AMPK Potassium Channel Chloride Channel Calcium Channel Parasite Inflammation/Immunology
    Flufenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX), activates AMPK, and also modulates ion channels, blocking chloride channels and L-type Ca 2+ channels, modulating non-selective cation channels (NSC), activating K + channels. Flufenamic acid binds to the central pocket of TEAD2 YBD and inhibits both TEAD function and TEAD-YAP-dependent processes, such as cell migration and proliferation.
  • HY-131035
    Lys-CoA TFA

    Histone Acetyltransferase Cancer
    Lys-CoA TFA is a selective p300 histone acetyltransferase (HAT) inhibitor (IC50=50-500 nM). Lys-CoA TFA displays >100-fold selectivity for p300 over PCAF (IC50=200 μM). Lys-CoA TFA inhibits p300 HAT activity-dependent transcriptional activation.
  • HY-101180
    C2 Ceramide

    Ceramide 2

    Phosphatase Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Endocrinology Metabolic Disease
    C2 Ceramide (Ceramide 2) is the main lipid of the stratum corneum and a protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) activator. C2 Ceramide activates PP2A and ceramide-activated protein phosphatase (CAPP). C2 Ceramide induces cells differentiation and apoptosis, inhibits mitochondrial respiratory chain complex III. C2 Ceramide is also a skin conditioning agent that protects the epidermal barrier from water loss.
  • HY-15707
    NS6180

    Potassium Channel Inflammation/Immunology
    NS6180 is a novel potent and selective KCa3.1 channel inhibitor(IC50= 9 nM) prevents T-cell activation and inflammation.
  • HY-13694
    Methionine

    MRX-1024; D-Methionine

    GABA Receptor Cancer Neurological Disease
    Methionine (MRX-1024; D-Methionine) is an effective chemoprotective agent which can also inhibit the neuronal activity through GABAA receptor activation.
  • HY-N0708
    Vanillic acid

    NF-κB Bacterial Endogenous Metabolite Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Vanillic acid is a flavoring agent found in edible plants and fruits. Vanillic acid inhibits NF-κB activation. Anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and chemopreventive effects.
  • HY-B0099
    Edaravone

    MCI-186

    MMP Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    Edaravone is a strong novel free radical scavenger, and inhibits MMP-9-related brain hemorrhage in rats treated with tissue plasminogen activator.
  • HY-114398
    BAY-293

    Ras Cancer
    BAY-293, a valuable chemical probe, blocks RAS activation via disruption of the KRAS-SOS1 interaction with an IC50 of 21 nM. BAY-293 is a potent inhibitor of Son of Sevenless 1 (SOS1). SOS1 is the guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) and activator of RAS.
  • HY-103697A
    Gardiquimod diTFA

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) HIV Cancer Infection
    Gardiquimod diTFA, an imidazoquinoline analog, is a TLR7/8 agonist. Gardiquimod diTFA could inhibit HIV-1 infection of macrophages and activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Gardiquimod diTFA specifically activates TLR7 when used at concentrations below 10 μM.
  • HY-P1740A
    RGD peptide (GRGDNP) (TFA)

    Integrin Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    RGD peptide (GRGDNP) (TFA) acts as an inhibitor of integrin-ligand interactions and plays an important role in cell adhesion, migration, growth, and differentiation. RGD peptide (GRGDNP) (TFA) promote apoptosis through activation of conformation changes that enhance pro-caspase-3 activation and autoprocessing.
  • HY-10119
    Vorapaxar

    SCH 530348

    Protease-Activated Receptor (PAR) Cardiovascular Disease
    Vorapaxar (SCH 530348), an antiplatelet agent, is a selective, orally active, and competitive thrombin receptor protease-activated receptor (PAR-1) antagonist (Ki=8.1 nM). Vorapaxar (SCH 530348) inhibits thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP)-induced platelet aggregation in a dose-dependent manner.
  • HY-100671
    L002

    Histone Acetyltransferase STAT Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    L002 is a potent, cell permeable, reversible and specific acetyltransferase p300 (KAT3B) inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.98 μM. L002 binds the acetyl-CoA pocket and competitively inhibits the FATp300 catalytic domain, blocks histone acetylation and p53 acetylation, and inhibits STAT3 activation. L002 has the potential for hypertension‐induced cardiac hypertrophy and fibrogenesis treatment.
  • HY-126382
    Hesperidin methylchalcone

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    Hesperidin methylchalcone (Hesperidin methyl chalcone) inhibits oxidative stress, cytokine production and NF-κB activation. Hesperidin methylchalcone inhibits inflammation and pain. Hesperidin methylchalcone exhibits vasoprotective activity.
  • HY-17376
    Ezetimibe

    SCH 58235

    Keap1-Nrf2 Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Ezetimibe (SCH 58235) is a potent cholesterol absorption inhibitor. Ezetimibe is a Niemann-Pick C1-like1 (NPC1L1) inhibitor, and is a potent Nrf2 activator.
  • HY-N2065
    Withaferin A

    NF-κB Ferroptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Withaferin A is a steroidal lactone isolated from Withania somnifera, inhibits NF-kB activation and targets vimentin, with potent antiinflammatory and anticancer activities. Withaferin A is an inhibitor of endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) shedding.
  • HY-18935A
    CBL0137 hydrochloride

    Curaxin-137 hydrochloride; CBL-C137 hydrochloride

    MDM-2/p53 NF-κB Cancer
    CBL0137 hydrochloride is an inhibitor of the histone chaperone, FACT. CBL0137 hydrochloride can also activate p53 and inhibits NF-κB with EC50s of 0.37 and 0.47 µM, respectively.
  • HY-103097
    ST271

    Phospholipase Others
    ST271 is a potent inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK), inhibits phospholipase D activation stimulated by fMet-Leu-Phe and PAF, with IC50s of 6.7 and 9 μM, respectively.
  • HY-N0492
    α-Lipoic Acid

    Thioctic acid; (±)-α-Lipoic acid; DL-α-Lipoic acid

    NF-κB HIV Mitochondrial Metabolism Endogenous Metabolite Apoptosis Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    α-Lipoic Acid is an antioxidant, which is an essential cofactor of mitochondrial enzyme complexes. α-Lipoic Acid inhibits NF-κB-dependent HIV-1 LTR activation. α-Lipoic Acid induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis in hepatoma cells.
  • HY-136477
    Pentagamavunon-1

    PGV-1

    Apoptosis COX VEGFR NF-κB Cancer
    Pentagamavunon-1 (PGV-1), a Curcumin analog with oral activity, targets on several molecular mechanisms to induce apoptosis including inhibition of angiogenic factors cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). PGV-1 inhibits NF-κB activation.
  • HY-120675
    SSTC3

    Casein Kinase Wnt Cancer
    SSTC3 is a casein kinase 1α (CK1α) activator (Kd = 32 nM) that inhibits WNT signaling (EC50 = 30 nM). SSTC3 exhibits minimal gastrointestinal toxicity compared to other classes of WNT inhibitors.
  • HY-14165
    Veliflapon

    BAY X 1005; DG-031

    FLAP Leukotriene Receptor Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Veliflapon (BAY X 1005; DG-031) is an orally active and selective 5-lipoxygenase activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor. Veliflapon inhibits the synthesis of the leukotrienes B4 and C4.
  • HY-117102
    ANI-7

    Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Checkpoint Kinase (Chk) Cancer
    ANI-7 is an activator of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) pathway. ANI-7 inhibits the growth of multiple cancer cells, and potently and selectively inhibits the growth of MCF-7 breast cancer cells with a GI50 of 0.56 μM. ANI-7 induces CYP1-metabolizing mono-oxygenases by activating AhR pathway, and also induces DNA damage, checkpoint Kinase 2 (Chk2) activation, S-phase cell cycle arrest, and cell death in sensitive breast cancer cell lines.
  • HY-14994
    SCH79797 dihydrochloride

    Protease-Activated Receptor (PAR) Apoptosis Cardiovascular Disease
    SCH79797 dihydrochloride is a highly potent, selective nonpeptide protease activated receptor 1 (PAR1) antagonist. SCH79797 dihydrochloride inhibits binding of a high-affinity thrombin receptor-activating peptide to PAR1 with an IC50 of 70 nM and a Ki of 35 nM. SCH79797 dihydrochloride inhibits thrombin-induced platelet aggregation with an IC50 of 3 μM. SCH79797 dihydrochloride has antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects, and limits myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rat hearts. SCH79797 dihydrochloride also potently prevents PAR1 activation in vascular smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells, and astrocytes.
  • HY-N1504
    Loureirin B

    PAI-1 Potassium Channel ERK JNK Metabolic Disease
    Loureirin B, a flavonoid extracted from Dracaena cochinchinensis, is an inhibitor of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), with an IC50 of 26.10 μM; Loureirin B also inhibits KATP, the phosphorylation of ERK and JNK, and has anti-diabetic activity.
  • HY-N0168
    Hesperetin

    p38 MAPK Apoptosis Autophagy Neurological Disease Cancer
    Hesperetin is a natural flavanone, and acts as a potent and broad-spectrum inhibitor against human UGT activity. Hesperetin induces apoptosis via p38 MAPK activation.
  • HY-15718A
    Istaroxime hydrochloride

    PST2744 hydrochloride

    Na+/K+ ATPase Calcium Channel Cardiovascular Disease
    Istaroxime hydrochloride is a Na +/K +-ATPase inhibitor (IC50=0.11 μM) and a sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase 2 (SERCA 2) activator.
  • HY-19205A
    CMI-392

    Lipoxygenase Inflammation/Immunology
    CMI-392 is a dual 5-lipoxygenese inhibitor and platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor antagonist with IC50s of 100 and 10 nM, respectively.
  • HY-108634
    Apafant

    WEB 2086

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Apafant (WEB 2086), a potent platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist, inhibits PAF binding to human PAF receptors with a Ki of 9.9 nM.
  • HY-100611
    CaCCinh-A01

    Chloride Channel Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    CaCCinh-A01 is an inhibitor of both TMEM16A and calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC) with IC50s of 2.1 and 10 μM, respectively.
  • HY-N0773
    Isovitexin

    Saponaretin; Homovitexin

    JNK NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    Isovitexin is a flavonoid isolated from rice hulls of Oryza sativa, possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities; Isovitexin acts like a JNK1/2 inhibitor and inhibits the activation of NF-κB.
  • HY-103490
    Takinib

    MAP3K Apoptosis Cancer
    Takinib is a potent and selective TAK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 9.5 nM, which inhibits autophosphorylated and non-phosphorylated TAK1 that binds within the ATP-binding pocket and inhibits by slowing down the rate-limiting step of TAK1 activation.
  • HY-110247
    TRAF-STOP inhibitor 6877002

    TNF Receptor NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    TRAF-STOP inhibitor 6877002, is a selective inhibitor of CD40-TRAF6 interaction, compound VII, shows inhibition of NF-κB activation in RAW cells, extracted from patent WO2014033122A1. TRAF-STOP 6877002 prevents the progression of established atherosclerosis in mice, reduces leukocyte recruitment and reduces macrophage activation; reduces macrophage proliferation in atherosclerotic plaques.
  • HY-15477A
    YS-49 monohydrate

    Akt PI3K Angiotensin Receptor Adrenergic Receptor Cardiovascular Disease Endocrinology
    YS-49 (monohydrate) is a PI3K/Akt (a downstream target of RhoA) activator, to reduce RhoA/PTEN activation in the 3-methylcholanthrene-treated cells. YS-49 inhibits angiotensin II (Ang II)-stimulated proliferation of VSMCs via induction of heme oxygenase (HO)-1. YS-49 is also an isoquinoline compound alkaloid, has a strong positive inotropic action through activation of cardiac β-adrenoceptors.
  • HY-15477
    YS-49

    Akt PI3K Angiotensin Receptor Adrenergic Receptor Cardiovascular Disease Endocrinology
    YS-49 is a PI3K/Akt (a downstream target of RhoA) activator, to reduce RhoA/PTEN activation in the 3-methylcholanthrene-treated cells. YS-49 inhibits angiotensin II (Ang II)-stimulated proliferation of VSMCs via induction of heme oxygenase (HO)-1. YS-49 is also an isoquinoline compound alkaloid, has a strong positive inotropic action through activation of cardiac β-adrenoceptors.
  • HY-B1816
    Zaprinast

    M&B 22948

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease Endocrinology
    Zaprinast (M&B 22948) is an inhibitor of cGMP-selective Phosphodiesterases(PDEs). Zaprinast is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPR) 35 agonist which activates rat GPR35 strongly and activates human GPR35 moderately. Zaprinast reduces vessel remodeling through antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects.
  • HY-108586
    NS3623

    Potassium Channel Neurological Disease
    NS3623 is an activator of human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG1/KV11.1) potassium channels. NS3623 activates the IKr and Ito currents and has antiarrhythmic effect. NS3623 has a dual mode of action, being an inhibitor of hERG1 channels.
  • HY-50694
    Senicapoc

    ICA-17043

    Potassium Channel Others
    Senicapoc (ICA-17043) is a potent and selective Gardos channel (Ca 2+-activated K + channel; KCa3.1) blocker with an IC50 of 11 nM. Senicapoc blocks Ca 2+-induced rubidium flux from human RBCs with an IC50 value of 11 nM and inhibits RBC dehydration with IC50 of 30 nM.
  • HY-105118A
    Zaldaride maleate

    CGS-9343B; KW 5617

    nAChR Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Zaldaride maleate (CGS-9343B) is a potent, orally active and selective inhibitor of calmodulin. Zaldaride maleate (CGS-9343B) inhibits CaM (calmodulin)-stimulated cAMP phosphodiesterase activity, with an IC50 of 3.3 nM. Zaldaride maleate (CGS-9343B) prevents estrogen-induced transcription activation by ER, reversibly blocks voltage-activated Na +, Ca 2+ and K + currents in PC12 cells and inhibits nAChR.
  • HY-15098
    Apoptozole

    Apoptosis Activator VII

    HSP Apoptosis Cancer
    Apoptozole (Apoptosis Activator VII) is an inhibitor of the ATPase domain of Hsc70 and Hsp70, with Kds of 0.21 and 0.14 μM, respectively, and can induce apoptosis.
  • HY-16642A
    LY2828360

    Cannabinoid Receptor Neurological Disease
    LY2828360 is a slowly acting but efficacious G protein-biased cannabinoid (CB2) agonist, inhibiting cAMP accumulation and activating ERK1/2 signaling.
  • HY-19700
    trans-Zeatin

    MEK ERK Endogenous Metabolite Others
    trans-Zeatin is a plant cytokinin, which plays an important role in cell growth, differentiation, and division; trans-Zeatin also inhibits UV-induced MEK/ERK activation.
  • HY-N0436
    Engeletin

    NF-κB Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Engeletin is a flavanonol glycoside isolated from hymenaea martiana, inhibits NF-κB signaling-pathway activation, and possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuresis, detumescence, and antibiosis effects.
  • HY-13296
    PYR-41

    E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Apoptosis Cancer
    PYR-41 is a selective and cell permeable inhibitor of ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1 with an IC50 of < 10 μM, with little activity at E2 and E3.
  • HY-19084
    Ro-24-0238

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Ro-24-0238 is an antagonist of platelet activating factor (PAF) and inhibitor of thromboxane synthesis, used for lessening the inflammation and damage resulting from a local release of PAF.
  • HY-N0629
    Maslinic acid

    Crategolic acid; 2α-Hydroxyoleanolic acid

    NF-κB Bacterial HIV Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Maslinic acid can inhibit the DNA-binding activity of NF-κB p65 and abolish the phosphorylation of IκB-α, which is required for p65 activation.
  • HY-100227
    E 64c

    Cathepsin SARS-CoV Metabolic Disease
    E 64c is a derivative of naturally occurring epoxide inhibitor of cysteine proteases, a Calcium-activated neutral protease (CANP) inhibitor and a very weak irreversible cathepsin C inhibitor. E 64c exhibits entry-blocking effect for MERS-CoV.
  • HY-10999
    Trametinib

    GSK1120212; JTP-74057

    MEK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Trametinib (GSK1120212; JTP-74057) is an orally active MEK inhibitor that inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50s of about 2 nM. Trametinib activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N2119
    Sciadopitysin

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    Sciadopitysin is a type of biflavonoids in leaves from ginkgo biloba. Sciadopitysi inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis and bone loss by inhibiting NF-κB activation and reducing the expression of c-Fos and NFATc1.
  • HY-N4171
    Dihydrocucurbitacin B

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Dihydrocucurbitacin B, a triterpene isolated from Cayaponia tayuya roots, inhibits nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT), induces cell cycle arrested in the G0 phase, and inhibits delayed type hypersensitivity.
  • HY-18711A
    SCR-1481B1

    c-Met inhibitor 2

    c-Met/HGFR VEGFR Cancer
    SCR-1481B1 (c-Met inhibitor 2) is a potent compound that has activity against cancers dependent upon Met activation and also has activity against cancers as a VEGFR inhibitor.
  • HY-N0141
    Parthenolide

    (-)-Parthenolide

    NF-κB Autophagy Mitophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Parthenolide is a sesquiterpene lactone found in the medicinal herb Feverfew. Parthenolide exhibits anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting NF-κB activation; also inhibits HDAC1 protein without affecting other class I/II HDACs.
  • HY-114372
    Lycopodine

    Lipoxygenase Caspase Apoptosis Cancer
    Lycopodine, a pharmacologically important bioactive component derived from Lycopodium clavatumspores, triggers apoptosis by modulating 5-lipoxygenase, and depolarizing mitochondrial membrane potential in refractory prostate cancer cells without modulating p53 activity. Lycopodine inhibits proliferation of HeLa cells through induction of apoptosis via caspase-3 activation.
  • HY-N6781
    Ophiobolin A

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Cancer Infection
    Ophiobolin A, a fungal metabolite and a phytotoxin, is a potent and irreversibly inhibitor of calmodulin-activated cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase, with an IC50 value of 9 μM. Ophiobolin A antimicrobial and anticancer activity.
  • HY-N0177
    Diosgenin

    STAT Metabolic Disease
    Diosgenin, a steroidal saponin, can inhibit STAT3 signaling pathway. Diosgenin is an exogenous activator of Pdia3/ERp57.
  • HY-13772
    Valrubicin

    AD-32

    PKC Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Valrubicin is a chemotherapy agent, inhibits TPA- and PDBu-induced PKC activation with IC50s of 0.85 and 1.25 μM, respectively, and has antitumor and antiinflammatory activity.
  • HY-N0754
    Eupalinolide A

    HSP Inflammation/Immunology
    Eupalinolide A, isolated from Eupatorium lindleyanum, induces the expression of HSP70 via the activation of HSF1 by inhibiting the interaction between HSF1 and HSP90.
  • HY-120261
    GB-88

    Protease-Activated Receptor (PAR) Inflammation/Immunology
    GB-88 is an oral, selective non-peptide antagonist of PAR2, inhibits PAR2 activated Ca 2+ release with an IC50 of 2 µM.
  • HY-B0649
    Propofol

    2,6-Diisopropylphenol

    GABA Receptor Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    Propofol potently and directly activates GABAA receptor and inhibits glutamate receptor mediated excitatory synaptic transmission. Propofol has antinociceptive properties and is used for sedation and hypnotic.
  • HY-N2337
    11beta-Hydroxyprogesterone

    11β-Hydroxyprogesterone

    Endogenous Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    11beta-Hydroxyprogesterone is a potent inhibitors of 11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase; also activates human mineralocorticoid receptor in COS-7 cells with an ED50 of 10 nM.
  • HY-N6046
    Kamebakaurin

    NF-κB Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Kamebakaurin is a natural compound isolated from Isodon japonicus. Kamebakaurin is a potent inhibitor of NF-κB activation by directly targeting DNA-binding activity of p50.
  • HY-B0795
    MHY1485

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    MHY1485 is a potent cell-permeable mTOR activator that targets the ATP domain of mTOR. MHY1485 inhibits autophagy by suppression of fusion between autophagosomes and lysosomes
  • HY-10201
    Sorafenib

    Bay 43-9006

    Raf VEGFR FLT3 Autophagy Apoptosis Ferroptosis Cancer
    Sorafenib (Bay 43-9006) is a potent and orally active Raf inhibitor with IC50s of 6 nM and 20 nM for Raf-1 and B-Raf, respectively. Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor with IC50s of 90 nM, 15 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM and 58 nM for VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, FLT3 and c-Kit, respectively. Sorafenib induces autophagy and apoptosis. Sorafenib has anti-tumor activity. Sorafenib is a ferroptosis activator.
  • HY-10201A
    Sorafenib Tosylate

    Bay 43-9006 Tosylate

    Raf VEGFR FLT3 Autophagy Ferroptosis Apoptosis Cancer
    Sorafenib Tosylate (Bay 43-9006 Tosylate) is a potent and orally active Raf inhibitor with IC50s of 6 nM and 20 nM for Raf-1 and B-Raf, respectively. SorafenibTosylate is a multikinase inhibitor with IC50s of 90 nM, 15 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM and 58 nM for VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, FLT3 and c-Kit, respectively. Sorafenib Tosylate induces autophagy and apoptosis. Sorafenib Tosylate has anti-tumor activity. Sorafenib Tosylate is a ferroptosis activator.
  • HY-N2006
    Ganoderic acid B

    HIV Protease Infection
    Ganoderic acid B is a triterpene isolated from a mushroom Ganoderma lucidum. Ganoderic acid B inhibits the activation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antigens as telomerase inhibitor. Ganoderic acid B is a moderately active inhibitor against HIV-1 protease.
  • HY-15598
    20-HETE

    20-hydroxy Arachidonic Acid

    Potassium Channel NF-κB NO Synthase Reactive Oxygen Species NADPH Oxidase Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    20-HETE (20-hydroxy Arachidonic Acid) is a CYP450 metabolite and a potent vasoconstrictor. 20-HETE is an endogenous inhibitor of the large-conductance Ca 2+-activated K + channel in renal arterioles. 20-HETE constricts smooth muscles, stimulates smooth muscle proliferation and migration. 20-HETE increases NADPH oxidase, ROS, and NF-κB activity. 20-HETE also inhibits endothelial NO synthase and inhibits apoptosis of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells.
  • HY-N1469
    Kaurenoic acid

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Kaurenoic acid is a diterpene from Sphagneticola trilobata, inhibits Inflammatory Pain by the inhibition of cytokine production and activation of the NO–cyclic GMP–PKG–ATP-sensitive potassium channel signaling pathway.
  • HY-N0014
    Icariin

    Ieariline

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) PPAR Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Icariin is a flavonol glycoside. Icariin inhibits PDE5 and PDE4 activities with IC50s of 432 nM and 73.50 μM, respectively. Icariin also is a PPARα activator.
  • HY-101255
    ODQ

    Guanylate Cyclase Apoptosis Cancer
    ODQ is a potent and selective soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC, nitric oxide-activated enzyme) inhibitor. ODQ enhances the pro-apoptotic effects of Cisplatin in human mesothelioma cells.
  • HY-133558
    VII-31

    E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Apoptosis Cancer
    VII-31 is a potent NEDDylation pathway activator to inhibit the tumor progression in vitro and in vivo. VII-31 induces apoptosis via intrinsic and extrinsic pathways.
  • HY-N0168A
    (Rac)-Hesperetin

    p38 MAPK Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    (Rac)-Hesperetin is the racemate of Hesperetin. Hesperetin is a natural flavanone, and acts as a potent and broad-spectrum inhibitor against human UGT activity. Hesperetin induces apoptosis via p38 MAPK activation.
  • HY-16677A
    Mofegiline hydrochloride

    MDL72974A

    Monoamine Oxidase Neurological Disease
    Mofegiline hydrochloride (MDL72974A) is a potent and selective enzyme-activated irreversible inhibitor of MAO-B; shows marked selectivity for the B form (IC50 = 680 and 3.6 nM for MAO-A and MAO-B).
  • HY-19770
    GSK2981278

    ROR Inflammation/Immunology
    GSK2981278 is a potent and selective RORγ inverse agonist. GSK2981278 inhibits activation of the il17 promoter and interferes RORγ-DNA binding.
  • HY-13595
    Chrysophanol

    Chrysophanic acid

    EGFR Cancer
    Chrysophanol (Chrysophanic acid) is a natural anthraquinone, which inhibits EGF-induced phosphorylation of EGFR and suppresses activation of AKT and mTOR/p70S6K.
  • HY-12212
    Omaveloxolone

    RTA 408

    Keap1-Nrf2 STING Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Omaveloxolone (RTA 408) is an antioxidant inflammation modulator (AIM), which activates Nrf2 and suppresses nitric oxide (NO). Omaveloxolone attenuates osteoclastogenesis by inhibiting STING dependent NF-κb signaling.
  • HY-10257
    BAY 11-7085

    BAY 11-7083

    NF-κB Ferroptosis Apoptosis Cancer
    BAY 11-7085 (BAY 11-7083) is an inhibitor of NF-κB activation and phosphorylation of IκBα; it stabilizes IκBα with an IC50 of 10 μM.
  • HY-130354
    Dibutyryl-cGMP sodium

    Bt2cGMP sodium

    Potassium Channel Cardiovascular Disease
    Dibutyryl-cGMP sodium (Bt2cGMP sodium) is a cell-permeable cGMP analogue. Dibutyryl-cGMP sodium preferentially activates cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG). Dibutyryl-cGMP sodium inhibits the release of [ 3H]-arachidonic acid from γ thrombin-stimulated human platelets. Dibutyryl-cGMP sodium induces peripheral antinociception via activation of ATP-sensitive K + channels.
  • HY-103269
    BAI1

    Bcl-2 Family Cancer
    BAI1 is a selective and allosteric inhibitor of BAX, an apoptosis regulator. BAI1 directly binds to BAX and allosterically inhibits BAX activation. BAI1 has the potential for the research of diseases mediated by BAX-dependent cell death.
  • HY-13757A
    Tamoxifen

    ICI 47699; (Z)-Tamoxifen; trans-Tamoxifen

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR HSP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Tamoxifen (ICI 47699) is an orally active, selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) which blocks estrogen action in breast cells and can activate estrogen activity in other cells, such as bone, liver, and uterine cells. Tamoxifen is a potent Hsp90 activator and enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen also potent inhibits infectious EBOV Zaire and Marburg (MARV) with IC50 of 0.1 µM and 1.8 µM, respectively. Tamoxifen activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-133114
    Ezetimibe ketone

    EZM-K

    Keap1-Nrf2 Autophagy Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Ezetimibe ketone (EZM-K) is a phase-I metabolite of Ezetimibe. Ezetimibe is a Niemann-Pick C1-like1 (NPC1L1) inhibitor, and is a potent Nrf2 activator. Ezetimibe is a potent cholesterol absorption inhibitor.
  • HY-118532
    Tyrphostin AG30

    AG30

    EGFR Cancer
    Tyrphostin AG30 (AG30) is a potent and selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Tyrphostin AG30 (AG30) selectively inhibits self renewal induction by c-ErbB, and is able to inhibit activation of STAT5 by c-ErbB in primary erythroblasts.
  • HY-N0112
    Dihydromyricetin

    Ampelopsin; Ampeloptin

    mTOR Influenza Virus DNA/RNA Synthesis Autophagy Cancer Infection
    Dihydromyricetin is a potent inhibitor with an IC50 of 48 μM on dihydropyrimidinase. Dihydromyricetin can activate autophagy through inhibiting mTOR signaling. Dihydromyricetin suppresses the formation of mTOR complexes (mTORC1/2). Dihydromyricetin is also a potent influenza RNA-dependent RNA polymerase inhibitor with an IC50 of 22 nM.
  • HY-101860
    GIBH-130

    Interleukin Related Neurological Disease
    GIBH-130 is an effective inhibitor of neuroinflammation. GIBH-130 significantly suppresses the IL-1β secretion by activated microglia (IC50=3.4 nM).
  • HY-P2228
    Chlamydocin

    HDAC Apoptosis Cancer
    Chlamydocin, a fungal metabolite, is a highly potent HDAC inhibitor, with an IC50 of 1.3 nM. Chlamydocin exhibits potent antiproliferative and anticancer activities. Chlamydocin induces apoptosis by activating caspase-3.
  • HY-114481
    Imidazole ketone erastin

    IKE

    Ferroptosis Cancer
    Imidazole ketone erastin is a potent, selective, and metabolically stable inhibitor of the cystine-glutamate antiporter, system xc - and an activator of ferroptosis. Imidazole ketone erastin has anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-119931
    2-Hydroxychalcone

    Bcl-2 Family Apoptosis NF-κB Cancer Metabolic Disease
    2-hydroxychalcone, a natural flavonoid, is a potent antioxidant, inhibiting lipid peroxidation. 2-Hydroxychalcone induces apoptosis by Bcl-2 downregulation. 2-Hydroxychalcone inhibits the activation of NF-kB.
  • HY-N0039
    Ginsenoside Rb1

    Gypenoside III

    Na+/K+ ATPase IRAK NF-κB Autophagy Mitophagy HSV Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Ginsenoside Rb1, a main constituent of the root of Panax ginseng, inhibits Na +, K +-ATPase activity with an IC50 of 6.3±1.0 μM. Ginsenoside also inhibits IRAK-1 activation and phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 .
  • HY-N7018
    20-Hydroxyganoderic Acid G

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    20-Hydroxyganoderic Acid G is a lanostane triterpenoid obtained from the EtOH extract of fruiting bodies of the Ganoderma curtisii. 20-Hydroxyganoderic Acid G inhibits BV-2 microglia cells activated by LPS with an IC50 of 21.33 μM. 20-Hydroxyganoderic Acid G has therapeutic potential in the drug discovery of nerve inflammation diseases associated with microglia activated by LPS.
  • HY-14600
    Rosiglitazone maleate

    BRL 49653C

    PPAR TRP Channel Autophagy Ferroptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Rosiglitazone maleate (BRL 49653C) is a potent and selective activator of PPARγ, with EC50s of 30 nM, 100 nM and 60 nM for PPARγ1, PPARγ2, and PPARγ, respectively, and a Kd of appr 40 nM for PPARγ; Rosiglitazone maleate is also an modulator of TRP channels, inhibits TRP melastatin 2 (TRPM2), TRPM3 and activates TRP canonical 5 (TRPC5).
  • HY-108635
    C16-PAF

    PAF (C16)

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    C16-PAF (PAF (C16)), a phospholipid mediator, is a platelet-activating factor and ligand for PAF G-protein-coupled receptor (PAFR). C16-PAF exhibits anti-apoptotic effect and inhibits caspase-dependent death by activating the PAFR. C16-PAF induces increased vascular permeability.
  • HY-107818
    4-Hydroxychalcone

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    4-Hydroxychalcone is a chalcone metabolite with anti-angiogenic and anti-inflammatory activities. 4-Hydroxychalcone suppresses angiogenesis by suppression of growth factor pathway with no signs of cytotoxicity. 4-Hydroxychalcone inhibits TNF-α induced NF-κB pathway activation and activates BMP signaling, reduces resistant hypertension (RH) by attenuating hyperaldosteronism and renal injury in mice.
  • HY-13520
    Nocodazole

    Oncodazole; R17934

    Microtubule/Tubulin Bcr-Abl CRISPR/Cas9 Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Nocodazole (Oncodazole) is a rapidly-reversible inhibitor of microtubule. Nocodazole binds to β-tubulin and disrupts microtubule assembly/disassembly dynamics, which prevents mitosis and induces apoptosis in tumor cells. Nocodazole inhibits Bcr-Abl, and activates CRISPR/Cas9.
  • HY-N0447
    8-Gingerol

    TRP Channel Infection Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    8-Gingerol, found in the rhizomes of ginger (Z. officinale) with oral bioavailability, activates TRPV1, with an EC50 of 5.0 µM. 8-Gingerol inhibits COX-2, and inhibits the growth of H. pylori in vitro.
  • HY-10219
    Rapamycin

    Sirolimus; AY-22989

    mTOR FKBP Fungal Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Antibiotic Cancer
    Rapamycin (Sirolimus; AY 22989) is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
  • HY-100016
    AZD0156

    ATM/ATR Apoptosis Cancer
    AZD0156 is a potent, selective and orally active ATM inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.58 nM. AZD0156 inhibits the ATM-mediated signaling, prevents DNA damage checkpoint activation, disrupts DNA damage repair, and induces tumor cell apoptosis.
  • HY-13324
    Bardoxolone methyl

    RTA 402; NSC 713200; CDDO Methyl ester

    Keap1-Nrf2 Autophagy Apoptosis Ferroptosis Cancer
    Bardoxolone methyl (NSC 713200; RTA 402; CDDO Methyl ester) is a synthetic triterpenoid compound with potential antineoplastic and anti-inflammatory activities, acting as an activator of the Nrf2 pathway and an inhibitor of the NF-κB pathway.
  • HY-13255A
    TAME hydrochloride

    APC Cancer
    TAME hydrochloride is an inhibitor of anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C or APC), which binds to APC/C and prevents its activation by Cdc20 and Cdh1, produces mitotic arrest.
  • HY-N6651
    Isocryptotanshinone

    STAT Phosphatase Cancer
    Isocryptotanshinone is a potent signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B PTP1B inhibitor, with an IC50 of 56.1 μM for PTP1B.
  • HY-13255
    TAME

    APC Cancer
    TAME is an inhibitor of anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C or APC), which binds to APC/C and prevents its activation by Cdc20 and Cdh1, produces mitotic arrest.
  • HY-17471A
    Metformin hydrochloride

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin hydrochloride (1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride) inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin hydrochloride triggers autophagy.
  • HY-12041
    SP600125

    JNK Autophagy Apoptosis Ferroptosis Cancer
    SP600125 is an orally active, reversible, and ATP-competitive JNK inhibitor with IC50s of 40, 40 and 90 nM for JNK1, JNK2 and JNK3, respectively. SP600125 is a potent ferroptosis inhibitor. SP600125 inhibits autophagy and activates apoptosis.
  • HY-122727
    STL127705

    DNA-PK Cancer
    STL127705 (Compound L) is a Ku 70/80 heterodimer protein inhibitor, inhibits Ku70/80-DNA interaction, with an IC50 of 3.5 μM. STL127705 also inhibits Ku-dependent activation of DNA-PKCS kinase (IC50, 2.5 μM).
  • HY-13259
    MG-132

    Z-Leu-Leu-Leu-al; MG132

    Proteasome Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    MG-132 (Z-Leu-Leu-Leu-al) is a potent proteasome and calpain inhibitor with IC50s of 100 nM and 1.2 μM, respectively. MG-132 effectively blocks the proteolytic activity of the 26S proteasome complex. MG-132, a peptide aldehyde, also is an autophagy activator. MG-132 also induces apoptosis.
  • HY-100487
    TAK-243

    MLN7243

    E1/E2/E3 Enzyme NF-κB Apoptosis Cancer
    TAK-243 (MLN7243) is a first-in-class, selective ubiquitin activating enzyme, UAE (UBA1) inhibitor (IC50=1 nM), which blocks ubiquitin conjugation, disrupting monoubiquitin signaling as well as global protein ubiquitination. TAK-243 (MLN7243) induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, abrogates NF-κB pathway activation and promotes apoptosis.
  • HY-13757
    Tamoxifen Citrate

    ICI 46474; (Z)-Tamoxifen Citrate; trans-Tamoxifen Citrate

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR HSP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Tamoxifen Citrate (ICI 46474) is an orally active, selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) which blocks estrogen action in breast cells and can activate estrogen activity in other cells, such as bone, liver, and uterine cells.Tamoxifen Citrate is a potent Hsp90 activator and enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen Citrate also potent inhibits infectious EBOV Zaire and Marburg (MARV) with IC50 of 0.1 µM and 1.8 µM, respectively. Tamoxifen Citrate activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N1490
    14-Deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide

    14-dehydro Andrographolide; AP10

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    14-Deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide is an analogue of Andrographolide that can be isolated from A. paniculata. 14-Deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide inhibits NF-κB activation.
  • HY-B1218
    Sulfaphenazole

    Bacterial Infection
    Sulfaphenazole is a specific inhibitor of CYP2C9 which blocks atherogenic and pro-inflammatory effects of linoleic acid (increase in oxidative stress and activation of AP-1) mediated by CYP2C9.
  • HY-114330A
    ZK824859 hydrochloride

    PAI-1 Inflammation/Immunology
    ZK824859 hydrochloride is an oral available and selective urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) inhibitor with IC50s of 79 nM, 1580 nM and 1330 nM for human uPA, tPA, and plasmin, respectively.
  • HY-N0139
    Troxerutin

    Trihydroxyethylrutin

    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Troxerutin, also known as vitamin P4, is a tri-hydroxyethylated derivative of natural bioflavonoid rutins which can inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depress ER stress-mediated NOD activation.
  • HY-123963
    C-178

    STING Inflammation/Immunology
    C-178 is a potent and selective covalent inhibitor of STING. C-178 binds to Cys91 and suppresses the STING responses elicited by distinct bona fide activators in mouse but not human.
  • HY-78869
    Mutated EGFR-IN-1

    Osimertinib analog

    EGFR Cancer
    Mutated EGFR-IN-1 (Osimertinib analog) is a useful intermediate for the inhibitors design for mutated EGFR, such as L858R EGFR, Exonl9 deletion activating mutant and T790M resistance mutant.
  • HY-W001174
    2,5-Dihydroxyacetophenone

    ERK NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    2,5-Dihydroxyacetophenone, isolated from Rehmanniae Radix Preparata, inhibits the production of inflammatory mediators in activated macrophages by blocking the ERK1/2 and NF-κB signaling pathways.
  • HY-117958
    HJC0197

    Others Cancer Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    HJC0197 is a potent Epac1 (exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 1) and Epac2 (IC50=5.9 μM for Epac2) antagonist. HJC0197 selectively blocks cAMP-induced Epac activation. HJC0197 inhibits Epac1-mediated Rap1-GDP exchange activity at 25 μM in the presence of equal concentration of cAMP.
  • HY-124151
    Adenosine-2'-monophosphate

    2'-AMP; Adenosine 2'-phosphate; AMP 2'-phosphate

    Adenosine Receptor Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    Adenosine-2'-monophosphate (2'-AMP) is converted by extracellular 2’,3'-CAMP. Adenosine-2'-monophosphate is further metabolized to extracellular adenosine (a mechanism called the extracellular 2’,3’-cAMP-adenosine pathway). Adenosine-2'-monophosphate inhibits LPS-induced TNF-α and CXCL10 production via A2A receptor activation.
  • HY-N6681
    15-Acetoxyscirpenol

    Caspase Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Infection
    15-acetoxyscirpenol, one of acetoxyscirpenol moiety mycotoxins (ASMs), strongly induces apoptosis and inhibits Jurkat T cell growth in a dose-dependent manner by activating other caspases independent of caspase-3.
  • HY-110228
    Metformin D6 hydrochloride

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide D6 hydrochloride

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin D6 hydrochloride is a deuterium labeled Metformin hydrochloride. Metformin hydrochloride inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin hydrochloride triggers autophagy.
  • HY-N6261
    Epimagnolin B

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Epimagnolin B is a bisepoxylignan isolated from Magnolia fargesii, with anti-inflammatory activity and antiallergic effects. Epimagnolin B inhibits NO production in LPS-activated microglia. Epimagnolin B exhibited antiallergic effects.
  • HY-18937
    WEHI-345

    RIP kinase Cancer
    WEHI-345 is a potent and selective RIPK2 kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.13 μM, which delays RIPK2 ubiquitylation and NF-κB activation on oligomerization domain (NOD) stimulation.
  • HY-112125
    KRN2

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    KRN2 is a selective inhibitor of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT5), with an IC50 of 100 nM. KRN2 has potential to treat NFAT5-mediated Chronic Arthritis.
  • HY-N0826
    Corynoline

    AChE Keap1-Nrf2 Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease Cancer
    Corynoline, isolated from Corydalis incise (Papaveraceae), is a reversible and noncompetitive acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor with an IC50 of 30.6 μM. Corynoline exhibits anti-inflammatory activity by activating Nrf2.
  • HY-13812
    QNZ

    EVP4593

    NF-κB TNF Receptor Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    QNZ (EVP4593) shows strong inhibitory effects on NF-κB transcriptional activation and TNF-α production with IC50s of 11 and 7 nM, respectively. QNZ (EVP4593) is a neuroprotective inhibitor of SOC channel.
  • HY-111549
    Bragsin1

    Others Cancer
    Bragsin1 is a potent, selective and noncompetitive inhibitor of the ArfGEF BRAG2, inhibits Arf GTPase activation, with an IC50 of 3 μM. Bragsin1 binds to PH domain of BRAG2, and is a noncompetitive interfacial inhibitor. Bragsin1 has no effect on the Sec7 domain of human ArfGEFs. Anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-108900
    Leu-AMS

    Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetase Bacterial Cancer Infection
    Leu-AMS (compound 6), a leucine analogue, is a potent inhibitor of leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LRS) with an IC50 of 22.34 nM, which inhibits the catalytic activity of LRS but did not affect the leucine-induced mTORC1 activation. Leu-AMS shows cytotoxicity in cancer cells and normal cells, and inhibits the growth of bacteria.
  • HY-102011
    BMS-1166

    PD-1/PD-L1 Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    BMS-1166 is a potent PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitor. BMS-1166 induces dimerization of PD-L1 and blocks its interaction with PD-1, with an IC50 of 1.4 nM. BMS-1166 antagonizes the inhibitory effect of PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint on T cell activation.
  • HY-124697
    BMP signaling agonist sb4

    TGF-β Receptor Cancer
    BMP signaling agonist sb4 is a potent benzoxazole bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) signaling agonist with a EC50 value of 74 nM, activates BMP signaling by stabilizing intracellular p-SMAD-1/5/9. BMP signaling agonist sb4 activates BMP4 target genes (inhibitors of DNA binding, Id1 and Id3) canonical BMP signaling.
  • HY-N1970
    5,7-Dihydroxychromone

    Keap1-Nrf2 Arenavirus Caspase PARP Neurological Disease
    5,7-Dihydroxychromone, the extract of Cudrania tricuspidata, activates Nrf2/ARE signal and exerts neuroprotective effects against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis. 5,7-Dihydroxychromone inhibits the expression of activated caspase-3 and caspase-9 and cleaved PARP in 6-OHDA-induced SH-SY5Y cells.
  • HY-112108
    Chitosan oligosaccharide

    COS

    AMPK Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Chitosan oligosaccharide (COS) is an oligomer of β-(1→4)-linked D-glucosamine. Chitosan oligosaccharide (COS) activates AMPK and inhibits inflammatory signaling pathways including NF-κB and MAPK pathways.
  • HY-12290
    Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser

    RGDS peptide; Fibronectin tetrapeptide

    Integrin Inflammation/Immunology
    Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser is an integrin binding sequence that inhibits integrin receptor function, decreases systemic inflammation via inhibition of collagen-triggered activation of leukocytes and attenuates expression of inflammatory cytokines, iNOS and MMP-9.
  • HY-N4202
    Dihydrorotenone

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    Dihydrorotenone, a natural pesticide, is a potent mitochondrial inhibitor. Dihydrorotenone probably induces Parkinsonian syndrome. Dihydrorotenone induces human plasma cell apoptosis by triggering endoplasmic reticulum stress and activating p38 signaling pathway.
  • HY-N0109
    Salidroside

    Rhodioloside

    mTOR Apoptosis Cancer
    Salidroside is a prolyl endopeptidase Inhibitor. Salidroside alleviates cachexia symptoms in mouse models of cancer cachexia via activating mTOR signalling. Salidroside protects dopaminergic neurons by enhancing PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy.
  • HY-15272
    WAY-600

    mTOR Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    WAY-600 is a potent, ATP-competitive, and selective mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 9 nM for recombinant mTOR enzyme. WAY-600 blocks mTOR complex 1/2 (mTORC1/2) assemble and activation.
  • HY-P0318
    Hemorphin-7

    Opioid Receptor Angiotensin-converting Enzyme (ACE) Cardiovascular Disease
    Hemorphin-7 is a hemorphin peptide, an endogenous opioid peptide derived from the β-chain of hemoglobin. Hemorphin peptides exhibits antinociceptive and antihypertensive activities, activating opioid receptors and inhibiting angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE).
  • HY-B0190A
    Nafamostat mesylate

    FUT-175

    Ser/Thr Protease Apoptosis SARS-CoV Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Nafamostat mesylate, a synthetic serine protease inhibitor, is an anticoagulant. Nafamostat mesylate supresses T cell auto-reactivity by decreasing granzyme activity and CTL cytolysis. Nafamostat mesylate blocks activation of SARS-CoV-2..
  • HY-B0190
    Nafamostat

    Ser/Thr Protease Apoptosis SARS-CoV Cardiovascular Disease
    Nafamostat, a synthetic serine protease inhibitor, is an anticoagulant. Nafamostat supresses T cell auto-reactivity by decreasing granzyme activity and CTL cytolysis. Nafamostat blocks activation of SARS-CoV-2.
  • HY-B0190B
    Nafamostat hydrochloride

    Ser/Thr Protease Apoptosis SARS-CoV Cardiovascular Disease
    Nafamostat hydrochloride, a synthetic serine protease inhibitor, is an anticoagulant. Nafamostat hydrochloride supresses T cell auto-reactivity by decreasing granzyme activity and CTL cytolysis. Nafamostat hydrochloride blocks activation of SARS-CoV-2..
  • HY-124108
    Eicosatetraynoic acid

    ETYA

    COX PPAR Others
    Eicosatetraynoic acid (ETYA) is a nonspecific inhibitor of cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase (ID50=8 μM and 4 μM, respectively). Eicosatetraynoic acid (ETYA) activates PPARα and PPARγ chimeras at 10 µM.
  • HY-N0250
    Saikosaponin D

    STAT NF-κB Estrogen Receptor/ERR Bacterial Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Saikosaponin D is a triterpene saponin isolated from Bupleurum, with anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor, and anti-allergic activities; Saikosaponin D inhibits selectin, STAT3 and NF-kB and activates estrogen receptor-β.
  • HY-17537
    APY29

    IRE1 Cancer
    APY29, an ATP-competitive inhibitor, is an allosteric modulator of IRE1α which inhibits IRE1α autophosphorylation by binding to the ATP-binding pocket with IC50 of 280 nM. APY29 acts as a ligand that allosterically activates IRE1α adjacent RNase domain.
  • HY-13297
    PYZD-4409

    E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Cancer
    PYZD-4409 is a specific inhibitor of the ubiquitin-activating enzyme UBA1 with an IC50 of 20 μM (cell-free enzymatic assay). PYZD-4409 induces cell death in malignant cells and preferentially inhibits the clonogenic growth of primary acute myeloid leukemia cells.
  • HY-N0592
    Demethyleneberberine

    NF-κB AMPK Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Demethyleneberberine is a natural mitochondria-targeted antioxidant. Demethyleneberberine alleviates mice colitis and inhibits the inflammatory responses by inhibiting NF-κB pathway and regulating the balance of Th cells. Demethyleneberberine could serve as a AMPK activator for treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
  • HY-10108
    LY294002

    PI3K Casein Kinase DNA-PK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Infection
    LY294002 is a broad-spectrum inhibitor of PI3K with IC50s of 0.5, 0.57, and 0.97 μM for PI3Kα, PI3Kδ and PI3Kβ, respectively. LY294002 also inhibits CK2 with an IC50 of 98 nM. LY294002 is a competitive DNA-PK inhibitorr that binds reversibly to the kinase domain of DNA-PK with an IC50 of 1.4 μM. LY294002 is an autophagy and apoptosis activator.
  • HY-10256A
    SB 203580 hydrochloride

    RWJ 64809 hydrochloride

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Mitophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    SB 203580 hydrochloride (RWJ 64809 hydrochloride) is a selective and ATP-competitive p38 MAPK inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 500 nM for SAPK2a/p38 and SAPK2b/p38β2, respectively. SB 203580 hydrochloride inhibits LCK, GSK3β and PKBα with IC50s of 100-500-fold higher than that for SAPK2a/p38. SB 203580 hydrochloride is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-P1382
    Rac1 Inhibitor W56

    Ras
    Rac1 Inhibitor W56 is a peptide comprising residues 45-60 of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) recognition/activation site of Rac1. Rac1 Inhibitor W56 selectively inhibits Rac1 interaction with Rac1-specific GEFs TrioN, GEF-H1 and Tiam1.
  • HY-10585A
    Valproic acid sodium salt

    Sodium Valproate

    HDAC Autophagy Mitophagy HIV Notch Cancer
    Valproic acid sodium salt (Sodium Valproate) is an HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid sodium salt activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid sodium salt is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and prevention of migraine headaches.
  • HY-112671
    CDDO-dhTFEA

    RTA dh404

    Keap1-Nrf2 NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    CDDO-dhTFEA (RTA dh404) is a synthetic oleanane triterpenoid compound which potently activates Nrf2 and inhibits the pro-inflammatory transcription factor NF-κB. CDDO-dhTFEA restores hypertension (MAP), increases Nrf2 and expression of its target genes, attenuates activation of NF-κB and transforming growth factor-β pathways, and reduces glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis and inflammation in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) rats.
  • HY-18980
    Rottlerin

    Mallotoxin; NSC 56346; NSC 94525

    PKC Autophagy Apoptosis Infection Cancer
    Rottlerin, a natural product purified from Mallotus Philippinensis, is a specific PKC inhibitor, with IC50 values for PKCδ of 3-6 μM, PKCα,β,γ of 30-42 μM, PKCε,η,ζ of 80-100 μM. Rottlerin acts as a direct mitochondrial uncoupler, and stimulates autophagy by targeting a signaling cascade upstream of mTORC1. Rottlerin induces apoptosis via caspase 3 activation.
  • HY-N0802
    Tenuigenin

    Senegenin

    NF-κB Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Tenuigenin is a major active component isolated from the root of the Chinese herb Polygala tenuifolia. Tenuigenin protects against S.aureus-induced pneumonia by inhibiting NF-κB activation. Tenuigenin has anti-inflammatory effect.
  • HY-N0220
    Dauricine

    NF-κB Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Dauricine, a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid in Asiatic Moonseed Rhizome, possesses anti-inflammatory activity. Dauricine inhibits cell proliferation and invasion, and induces apoptosis by suppressing NF-κB activation in a dose- and time-dependent manner in colon cancer.
  • HY-N0020
    Echinacoside

    Wnt Reactive Oxygen Species Neurological Disease
    Echinacoside, one of the phenylethanoids isolated from the stems of Cistanche salsa, effectively inhibits Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Echinacoside elicits neuroprotection by activating Trk receptors and their downstream signal pathways. Antiosteoporotic activity.
  • HY-136179
    ZAP-180013

    Tyrosinase Inflammation/Immunology
    ZAP-180013 is a zeta-chain-associated protein kinase 70 (ZAP-70) inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.8 μM. ZAP-180013 inhibits the interaction of ZAP-70 SH2 domain with immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAMs).
  • HY-118628
    N-(p-amylcinnamoyl) Anthranilic Acid

    ACA

    Phospholipase TRP Channel Cardiovascular Disease
    N-(p-amylcinnamoyl) Anthranilic Acid (ACA) is a broad spectrum Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) inhibitor and TRP channel blocker. N-(p-amylcinnamoyl) Anthranilic Acid (ACA) is also an effective reversible inhibitor of calcium-activated chloride channels, has potential to treat arrhythmia.
  • HY-N0191
    Andrographolide

    Andrographis

    NF-κB SARS-CoV Influenza Virus Autophagy Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Andrographolide is a NF-κB inhibitor, which inhibits NF-κB activation through covalent modification of a cysteine residue on p50 in endothelial cells without affecting IκBα degradation or p50/p65 nuclear translocation. Andrographolide has antiviral effects.
  • HY-111926
    N6-Methyladenosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt

    Others Metabolic Disease
    N6-Methyladenosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt is an activator of glycogen phosphorylase b, with a Ka value of 22 µM. N6-Methyladenosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt is a non-competitive rat adenylate kinase II inhibitor.
  • HY-10999A
    Trametinib (DMSO solvate)

    GSK-1120212 (DMSO solvate); JTP-74057 (DMSO solvate)

    MEK Apoptosis Cancer
    Trametinib (DMSO solvate) (GSK-1120212 (DMSO solvate);JTP-74057 (DMSO solvate)) is an orally active MEK inhibitor that inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50s of about 2 nM. Trametinib (DMSO solvate) activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-B2145
    Ilaprazole sodium

    IY-81149 sodium

    Proton Pump TOPK Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Ilaprazole (IY-81149) sodium is an orally active proton pump inhibitor. Ilaprazole sodium irreversibly inhibits H +/K +-ATPase in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of 6 μM in rabbit parietal cell preparation. Ilaprazole sodium is used for the research of gastric ulcers. Ilaprazole sodium is also a potent TOPK (T-lymphokine-activated killer cell-originated protein kinase) inhibitor.
  • HY-18982
    Anisomycin

    Flagecidin; Wuningmeisu C

    DNA/RNA Synthesis JNK Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Anisomycin is a potent protein synthesis inhibitor which interferes with protein and DNA synthesis by inhibiting peptidyl transferase or the 80S ribosome system. Anisomycin is a JNK activator, which increases phospho-JNK. Anisomycin is a bacterial antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces griseolus.
  • HY-15874A
    Fiboflapon sodium

    GSK2190915 sodium salt; AM-803 sodium

    FLAP Leukotriene Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    Fiboflapon sodium (GSK2190915; AM-803) is a potent and orally bioavailable 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor with a potency of 2.9 nM in FLAP binding, an IC50 of 76 nM for inhibition of LTB4 in human blood.
  • HY-109011
    Rosiptor

    AQX-1125

    Phosphatase Cancer
    Rosiptor (AQX-1125) is a selective and orally active phosphatase SHIP1 activator with anti-inflammatory effects. Rosiptor (AQX-1125) inhibits Akt phosphorylation, inflammatory mediator production and leukocyte chemotaxis in vitro.
  • HY-100164
    SDZ-MKS 492

    MKS 492

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Inflammation/Immunology
    SDZ-MKS 492 (MKS 492) is a selective type III isozyme inhibitor of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase, effective in allergic bronchoconstriction and platelet activating factor (PAF) or LTB4-induced inflammatory reactions in animals.
  • HY-B0627
    Metformin

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin (1,1-Dimethylbiguanide) inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin can cross the blood-brain barrier and triggers autophagy.
  • HY-16696
    SN 2

    TRP Channel Infection
    SN 2 is a potent activator of TRPML3 ion channel with an EC50 of 1.8 μM. SN 2 also acts as a potent inhibitor of Dengue virus 2 (DENV2) and Zika virus (ZIKV).
  • HY-15874
    Fiboflapon

    GSK2190915; AM-803

    FLAP Leukotriene Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    Fiboflapon (GSK2190915; AM-803) is a potent and orally bioavailable 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor with a potency of 2.9 nM in FLAP binding, an IC50 of 76 nM for inhibition of LTB4 in human blood.
  • HY-135808
    BIZ 114

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    BIZ 114 (Example 11) is a fatty acid derivative and potent inhibits the TNF-α activated NF-κΒ pathway. BIZ 114 has the potential to prevent and / or treat ophthalmic disorders such as retinal degenerative disorders and ocular inflammatory diseases.
  • HY-100431
    IMR-1

    Notch Cancer
    IMR-1 is a novel class of Notch inhibitors targeting the transcriptional activation with an IC50 of 26 μM. IMR-1 prevents the recruitment of Mastermind-like 1 (Maml1) to the Notch Ternary Complex (NTC) on chromatin, inhibits Notch target gene transcription and dramatically inhibits tumor growth in a patient-derived tumor xenograft model.
  • HY-P1382A
    Rac1 Inhibitor W56 TFA

    Ras
    Rac1 Inhibitor W56 TFA is a peptide comprising residues 45-60 of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) recognition/activation site of Rac1. Rac1 Inhibitor W56 TFA selectively inhibits Rac1 interaction with Rac1-specific GEFs TrioN, GEF-H1 and Tiam1.
  • HY-101664
    Ilaprazole

    IY-81149

    Proton Pump TOPK Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Ilaprazole (IY-81149) is an orally active proton pump inhibitor. Ilaprazole irreversibly inhibits H +/K +-ATPase in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of pump inhibitory activity of 6 μM in rabbit parietal cell preparation. Ilaprazole is used for the research of gastric ulcers. Ilaprazole is also a potent TOPK (T-lymphokine-activated killer cell-originated protein kinase) inhibitor.
  • HY-10256
    SB 203580

    RWJ 64809

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Mitophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    SB 203580 (RWJ 64809) is a selective and ATP-competitive p38 MAPK inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 500 nM for SAPK2a/p38 and SAPK2b/p38β2, respectively. SB 203580 inhibits LCK, GSK3β and PKBα with IC50s of 100-500-fold higher than that for SAPK2a/p38. SB 203580 does not disrupt JNK activity and is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-N0722
    Neochlorogenic acid

    trans-5-O-Caffeoylquinic acid

    NF-κB Interleukin Related TNF Receptor COX Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Neochlorogenic acid is a natural polyphenolic compound found in dried fruits and other plants. Neochlorogenic acid inhibits the production of TNF-α and IL-1β. Neochlorogenic acid suppresses iNOS and COX-2 protein expression. Neochlorogenic acid also inhibits phosphorylated NF-κB p65 and p38 MAPK activation.
  • HY-126390
    (E/Z)-BCI

    NSC 150117

    Phosphatase Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    (E/Z)-BCI (NSC 150117) is a dual-specificity phosphatase 6 (DUSP6) inhibitor with anti-inflammatory activities. (E/Z)-BCI attenuates LPS-induced inflammatory mediators and ROS production in macrophage cells via activating the Nrf2 signaling axis and inhibiting the NF-κB pathway.
  • HY-W009724
    2-Aminoethyl diphenylborinate

    2-APB

    Calcium Channel TRP Channel Infection
    2-Aminoethyl diphenylborinate (2-APB) is a cell-permeable inhibitor of IP3R. 2-Aminoethyl diphenylborinate also inhibits the store-operated Ca 2+ (SOC) channel and activates some TRP channels (V1, V2 and V3).
  • HY-100612
    T16Ainh-A01

    Chloride Channel Others
    T16Ainh-A01, an aminophenylthiazole, is a potent transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A) inhibitor, inhibiting TMEM16A-mediated chloride currents with an IC50 value of ~1 µM. TMEM16A (ANO1) functions as a calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC).
  • HY-120111
    MW-150

    MW01-18-150SRM

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    MW150 (MW01-18-150SRM) is a selective, CNS penetrant, and orally active inhibitor of p38α MAPK with a Ki of 101 nM. MW-150 inhibits the ability of the endogenous p38α MAPK to phosphorylate an endogenous substrate MK2 in activated glia.
  • HY-N0589
    Dehydrodiisoeugenol

    NF-κB COX Bacterial Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Dehydrodiisoeugenol is isolated from Myristica fragrans Houtt, shows anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial actions. Dehydrodiisoeugenol inhibits LPS- stimulated NF-κB activation and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 gene expression in murine macrophages.
  • HY-N6748
    Roquefortine C

    P-glycoprotein Cytochrome P450 Bacterial Cancer Infection
    Roquefortine C, a fungal cyclopeptide isolated from Penicillium roquefortii, activates P-gp and also inhibits P450-3A and other haemoproteins. Roquefortine C has bacteriostatic activities against Gram-positive bacteria.
  • HY-102004
    Rilapladib

    SB 659032

    Phosphatase Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Rilapladib (SB 659032) is a selective Lp-PLA2 (lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 230 pM. Rilapladib (SB 659032) is also a PAFR (Platelet Activating Factor Receptor) antagonist.
  • HY-12825
    BHPI

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Cancer
    BHPI is a potent inhibitor of nuclear estrogen–ERα-regulated gene expression; elicits sustained ERα-dependent activation of the endoplasmic reticulum (EnR) stress sensor, the unfolded protein response (UPR), and persistent inhibition of protein synthesis.
  • HY-B0285
    Amiloride

    MK-870

    Sodium Channel TRP Channel Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Amiloride (MK-870) is an inhibitor of both epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uTPA). Amiloride is a blocker of polycystin-2 (PC2; TRPP2) channel.
  • HY-B0285A
    Amiloride hydrochloride

    MK-870 hydrochloride

    Sodium Channel TRP Channel Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Amiloride hydrochloride (MK-870 hydrochloride) is an inhibitor of both epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uTPA). Amiloride hydrochloride is a blocker of polycystin-2 (PC2; TRPP2) channel.
  • HY-N0499
    Cyanidin Chloride

    IdB 1027

    Others Cancer
    Cyanidin Chloride (IdB 1027), a subclass of anthocyanin, displays antioxidant and anti-carcinogenesis properties. Cyanidin Chloride (IdB 1027) inhibits osteoclast formation, hydroxyapatite resorption, and receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast marker gene expression.
  • HY-105940
    IQB-782

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    IQB-782 is a cysteine derivative. IQB-782 has inhibition for thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI), with an Ki(app) of 0.14 μM. IQB-782 shows a potent mucolytic-expectorant activity.
  • HY-126675A
    AS2863619

    CDK STAT Inflammation/Immunology
    AS2863619 enables conversion of antigen-specific effector/memory T cells into Foxp3 + regulatory T (Treg) cells for the treatment of various immunological diseases. AS2863619 is a potent, orally active cyclin-dependent kinase 8 (CDK8) and CDK19 inhibitor with IC50s of 0.61 nM and 4.28 nM, respectively. STAT5 activation enhanced by AS2863619 inhibition of CDK8/19, which consequently activates the Foxp3 gene.
  • HY-10219S
    Rapamycin-d3

    Sirolimus-d3; AY-22989-d3

    mTOR FKBP Autophagy Cancer
    Rapamycin-d3 (Sirolimus-d3) is the deuterium labeled Rapamycin. Rapamycin is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
  • HY-101084
    NSC 228155

    EGFR Histone Acetyltransferase Epigenetic Reader Domain Cancer
    NSC 228155 is an activator of EGFR, binds to the extracellular region of EGFR and enhance tyrosine phosphorylation of EGFR. NSC 228155 is also a potent inhibitor of KIX-KID interaction, inhibits kinase-inducible domain (KID) from CREB and KID-interacting domain (KIX) from CBP, with an IC50 of 0.36 μM.
  • HY-13423
    Tenovin-1

    MDM-2/p53 Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase Sirtuin Autophagy Cancer
    Tenovin-1, a p53 activator, protects p53 from MDM2-mediated degradation. Tenovin-1 acts through inhibition of the protein-deacetylating activities of SirT1 and SirT2. Tenovin-1 is also a dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) inhibitor.
  • HY-13965
    Parmodulin 2

    ML161

    Protease-Activated Receptor (PAR) Cardiovascular Disease
    Parmodulin 2 (ML161) is an allosteric inhibitor of protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) with an IC50 of 0.26 μM. Parmodulin 2 is a potent and non-competitive inhibitor of SFLLRN-induced P-selectin expression leading to inhibition of platelet aggregation in vitro and platelet thrombus formation in vivo.
  • HY-12467
    OTS964 hydrochloride

    TOPK CDK Apoptosis Cancer
    OTS964 hydrochloride is an orally active, high affinity and selective TOPK (T-lymphokine-activated killer cell-originated protein kinase) inhibitor with an IC50 of 28 nM. OTS964 hydrochloride is also a potent inhibitor of the cyclin-dependent kinase CDK11, which binds to CDK11B with a Kd of 40 nM.
  • HY-B0808
    Oxaprozin

    Oxaprozinum; Wy21743

    COX NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Oxaprozin is an inhibitor of both COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50s of 2.2 μM and 36 μM for human platelet COX-1 and IL-1-stimulated human synovial cell COX-2, respectively. Oxaprozin also inhibits the activation of NF-κB.
  • HY-135231
    NL-1

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Autophagy Cancer
    NL-1 is a mitoNEET inhibitor with antileukemic effect. NL-1 inhibits REH and REH/Ara-C cells growth with IC50s of 47.35 µM and 56.26 µM, respectively. NL-1-mediated death in leukemic cells requires the activation of the autophagic pathway.
  • HY-10585
    Valproic acid

    VPA; 2-Propylpentanoic Acid

    HDAC Autophagy Mitophagy HIV Notch Cancer
    Valproic acid (VPA; 2-Propylpentanoic Acid) is an HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid sodium salt is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and prevention of migraine headaches.
  • HY-N6679A
    10,11-Dehydrocurvularin

    HSP TGF-beta/Smad Cancer Infection
    10,11-Dehydrocurvularin is a prevalent fungal phytotoxin and an antibiotic. 10,11-Dehydrocurvularin is a strong activator of the heat shock response. 10,11-Dehydrocurvularin inhibits TGF-β signalling pathway. Anti-tumorous activity.
  • HY-119339
    SX-682

    CXCR Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Endocrinology
    SX-682 is an orally bioavailable, potent allosteric inhibitor of CXCR1 and CXCR2. SX-682 can block tumor myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) recruitment and enhance T cell activation and antitumor immunity.
  • HY-126114
    Lupeol acetate

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Lupeol acetate, a derivative of Lupeol, suppresses the progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by inhibiting the activation of macrophages and osteoclastogenesis through downregulations of TNF-α, IL-1β, MCP-1, COX-2, VEGF and granzyme B.
  • HY-N2078
    Yamogenin

    Neodiosgenin

    LXR Metabolic Disease
    Yamogenin (Neodiosgenin) is a diastereomer of diosgenin. Yamogenin (Neodiosgenin) antagonizes the activation of the liver X receptor (LXR) in luciferase ligand assay. Yamogenin (Neodiosgenin) inhibits triacylglyceride (TG) accumulation through the suppression of gene expression of fatty acid synthesis in HepG2 hepatocytes.
  • HY-13030
    (+)-JQ-1

    JQ1

    Epigenetic Reader Domain Autophagy Ligand for Target Protein for PROTAC Cancer
    (+)-JQ-1 (JQ1) is a potent, specific, and reversible BET bromodomain inhibitor, with IC50s of 77 and 33 nM for the first and second bromodomain (BRD4(1/2)). (+)-JQ-1 also activates autophagy.
  • HY-50937
    ST 2825

    MyD88 Inflammation/Immunology
    ST 2825 is a specific MyD88 dimerization inhibitor. ST2825 interferes with recruitment of IRAK1 and IRAK4 by MyD88, causing inhibition of IL-1β-mediated activation of NF-κB transcriptional activity.
  • HY-B0764A
    Bucladesine calcium

    Dibutyryl cAMP calcium salt; DBcAMP calcium salt

    PKA Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Apoptosis Others
    Bucladesine calcium salt (Dibutyryl-cAMP calcium salt;DC2797 calcium salt) is a cell-permeable cyclic AMP (cAMP) analog and selectively activates cAMP dependent protein kinase (PKA) by increasing the intracellular level of cAMP. Bucladesine calcium salt acts as a phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor.
  • HY-N7015
    Zerumbone

    HSV Infection
    Zerumbone is a monocyclic sesquiterpene compound isolated from the rhizomes of Zingiber zerumbet Smith. Zerumbone potently inhibits the activation of Epstein-Barr virus with an IC50 of 0.14 mM. Zerumbone has anti-cancer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity.
  • HY-N5018
    Nepodin

    Musizin

    Parasite AMPK Infection
    Nepodin (Musizin) is a quinone oxidoreductase (PfNDH2) inhibitor isolate from Rumex crispus.Nepodin (Musizin) stimulates the translocation of GLUT4 to the plasma membrane by activation of AMPK.Nepodin (Musizin) has antidiabetic and antimalarial activities.
  • HY-100738
    Ubiquitin Isopeptidase Inhibitor I, G5

    NSC144303

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Ubiquitin Isopeptidase Inhibitor I, G5 (NSC 144303) is an apoptosome-independent caspase and apoptosis activator with IC50 values of 1.76 and 1.6 μM in E1A and E1A/C9DN cells, respectively.
  • HY-P1832A
    PTD-p65-P1 Peptide TFA

    NF-κB Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    PTD-p65-P1 Peptide TFA is a nuclear transcription factor NF-kappaB inhibitor, composed of a membrane-translocating peptide sequence generated from antennapedia (PTD) conjugated with p65-P1, which selectively inhibits activation induced by various inflammatory stimuli.
  • HY-129239
    ASLAN003

    Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase DNA/RNA Synthesis Apoptosis Cancer
    ASLAN003 is an orally active and potent Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase (DHODH) inhibitor with an IC50 of 35 nM for human DHODH enzyme. ASLAN003 inhibits protein synthesis via activation of AP-1 transcription factors. ASLAN003 induces apoptosis and substantially prolongs survival in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) xenograft mice.
  • HY-118482
    Sauristolactam

    Saurolactam

    Others Neurological Disease
    Sauristolactam, a natural aristolactam isolated from aerial portions of Saururus chinensis, has significant neuroprotective activity against glutamate-induced toxicity in primary cultured rat cortical cells. Sauristolactam also inhibits the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis and has the potential to inhibit osteoclast differentiation.
  • HY-15271A
    WYE-687 dihydrochloride

    mTOR PI3K Cancer
    WYE-687 dihydrochloride is an ATP-competitive mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 7 nM. WYE-687 dihydrochloride concurrently inhibits activation of mTORC1 and mTORC2. WYE-687 also inhibits PI3Kα and PI3Kγ with IC50s of 81 nM and 3.11 μM, respectively.
  • HY-101761
    TM5441

    PAI-1 Apoptosis Cancer
    TM5441 is an orally bioavailable inhibitor of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), has IC50 values between 13.9 and 51.1 μM and induces intrinsic apoptosis in several human cancer cell lines. TM5441 attenuates Nω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester-induced cardiac hypertension and vascular senescence.
  • HY-P1111
    Lyn peptide inhibitor

    Src Interleukin Related Inflammation/Immunology
    Lyn peptide inhibitor is a potent and cell-permeable inhibitor of Lyn-coupled IL-5 receptor signaling pathway, while keeping other signals intact. Lyn peptide inhibitor blocks Lyn activation and inhibits the binding of Lyn tyrosine kinase to βc subunit of IL-3/GM-CSF/IL-5 receptors. Lyn peptide inhibitor can be used for study of  asthma, allergic, and other eosinophilic disorders.
  • HY-N6257
    Cafestol

    ERK PGE synthase COX NF-κB Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Cafestol, one of the major components of coffee, is a coffee-specific diterpene from. Cafestol is a ERK inhibitor for AP-1-targeted activity against PGE2 production and the mRNA expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in LPS-activated RAW264.7 cells. Cafestol has strong inhibitory activity on PGE2 production by suppressing the NF-kB activation pathway. Cafestol contributes to its beneficial effects through various biological activities such as chemopreventive, antitumorigenic, hepatoprotective, antioxidative and antiinflammatory effects.
  • HY-126675
    AS2863619 free base

    CDK STAT Inflammation/Immunology
    AS2863619 free base enables conversion of antigen-specific effector/memory T cells into Foxp3 + regulatory T (Treg) cells for the treatment of various immunological diseases. AS2863619 free base is a potent, orally active cyclin-dependent kinase 8 (CDK8) and CDK19 inhibitor with IC50s of 0.61 nM and 4.28 nM, respectively. STAT5 activation enhanced by AS2863619 free base inhibition of CDK8/19, which consequently activates the Foxp3 gene.
  • HY-N0651
    Spinosin

    Others Neurological Disease
    Spinosyn a C-glycoside flavonoid isolated from the seeds of Zizyphus jujube, with neuroprotective effects. Spinosin inhibits1-42 production and aggregation via activating Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.
  • HY-N2344
    Procyanidin A1

    Proanthocyanidin A1

    PKC Inflammation/Immunology
    Procyanidin A1 (Proanthocyanidin A1) is a procyanidin dimer, which inhibits degranulation downstream of protein kinase C activation or Ca 2+ influx from an internal store in RBL-213 cells. Procyanidin A1 has antiallergic effects.
  • HY-N6807
    Elemicin

    Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase (SCD) Influenza Virus Cancer Infection
    Elemicin is a alkenylbenzene widely distributed in many herbs and spices. Elemicin inhibits Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase 1 (SCD1) by metabolic activation. Elemicin is one of the main components in aromatic food and has antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antiviral activities. Elemicin possesses genotoxicity and carcinogenicity.
  • HY-101942
    CM-4620

    CRAC Channel Neurological Disease
    CM-4620 is a calcium-release activated calcium-channel (CRAC channel) inhibitor, with IC50s of 119 nM and 895 nM for Orai1/STIM1 and Orai2/STIM1 channels, respectively.
  • HY-N6641
    Monascin

    Others Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Monascin is a kind of azaphilonoid pigments extracted from Monascus pilosus-fermented rice (red-mold rice). Monascin also exhibits anti-tumor-initiating activity and anti-inflammatory activity with oral administration. Monascin inhibits the activation of NOR 1 (an NO donor).
  • HY-N4053
    Heraclenin

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Heraclenin, a natural furanocoumarin, isolated from the root parts of the plant Prangos pabularia. Heraclenin significantly inhibits T cell receptor-mediated proliferation in human primary T cells in a concentration-dependent manner by targeting nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT).
  • HY-B0285B
    Amiloride hydrochloride dihydrate

    MK-870 hydrochloride dihydrate

    Sodium Channel Apoptosis TRP Channel Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Amiloride hydrochloride dihydrate (MK-870 hydrochloride dihydrate) is an inhibitor of both epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uTPA). Amiloride hydrochloride dihydrate is a blocker of polycystin-2 (PC2; TRPP2) channel.
  • HY-114335
    Triphala

    NF-κB Fungal Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Triphala, an Ayurvedic polyherbal formulation comprising of equiproportional fruit parts of Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellerica, and Phyllanthus emblica. Triphala inhibits NF-κB activation. Triphala exerts antifungal action. Anti-adipogenic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-neoplastic activities.
  • HY-110249
    CINPA1

    Others Metabolic Disease
    CINPA1 is a potent and specific inhibitor of constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) that does not activate pregnane X receptor (PXR). CINPA1 reduces CAR-mediated transcription with an IC50 of ~70 nM. CINPA1 can be used as a molecular tool for understanding CAR function.
  • HY-N2553
    4-Deoxypyridoxine 5'-phosphate

    LPL Receptor Metabolic Disease
    4-Deoxypyridoxine 5'-phosphate is a Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate analogue and a sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) inhibitor. 4-Deoxypyridoxine 5'-phosphate inhibits ornithine decarboxylase activity with a Ki of 60 μM. 4-Deoxypyridoxine 5'-phosphate is a competitive inhibitor of the activation of glutamate apodecarboxylase by Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (Ki of 0.27 μM) and strongly inhibits glutamate-dependent labeling of glutamate decarboxylase.
  • HY-13755
    Sulforaphane

    HDAC Keap1-Nrf2 Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Sulforaphane is an isothiocyanate present naturally in widely consumed vegetables. Sulforaphane increases tumor suppressor protein transcription and inhibits histone deacetylase activity. Sulforaphane activates Nrf2 and inhibits high glucose-induced progression of pancreatic cancer via AMPK dependent signaling. Sulforaphane has shown anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-116364
    AZT triphosphate

    3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate

    HIV DNA/RNA Synthesis HBV Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Infection
    AZT triphosphate (3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate) is a active triphosphate metabolite of Zidovudine (AZT). AZT triphosphate exhibits antiretroviral activity and inhibits replication of HIV. AZT triphosphate also inhibits the DNA polymerase of HBV. AZT triphosphate activates the mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway.
  • HY-107613
    R 59-022

    DKGI-I; Diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor I

    PKC 5-HT Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    R 59-022 (DKGI-I) is a diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor (IC50=2.8 μM). R 59-022 is a 5-HTR antagonist, and activates protein kinase C (PKC). R 59-022 potentiates thrombin-induced diacylglycerol production in platelets and inhibits phosphatidic acid production in neutrophils.
  • HY-114180
    RU.521

    RU320521

    Others Metabolic Disease
    RU.521 (RU320521) is a potent and selective cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) inhibitor and inhibits cGAS-mediated interferon upregulation. RU.521 suppresses dsDNA-activated reporter activity with an IC50 of 700 nM. RU.521 reduces constitutive expression of interferon in macrophages from a mouse model of Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS).
  • HY-128588
    STAT3-IN-3

    STAT Cancer
    STAT3-IN-3 is a potent and selective inhibitor of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), with anti-proliferative activity. STAT3-IN-3 induces apoptosis in breast cancer cells. STAT3-IN-3 acts as a promising mitochondria-targeting STAT3 inhibitor for cancer research.
  • HY-N6843
    Arnicolide D

    Caspase PI3K Akt mTOR STAT Cancer
    Arnicolide D is a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Centipeda minima. Arnicolide D modulates the cell cycle, activates the caspase signaling pathway and inhibits the PI3K/AKT/mTOR and STAT3 signaling pathways. Arnicolide D inhibits Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell viability in a concentration- and time-dependent manner.
  • HY-108361
    CCG-203971

    Ras Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    CCG-203971 is a second-generation Rho/MRTF/SRF pathway inhibitor. CCG-203971 potently targets RhoA/C-activated SRE-luciferase (IC50 =6.4 μM). CCG-203971 inhibits PC-3 cell migration with an IC50 of 4.2 μM. Potential anti-metastasis Agent.
  • HY-15959
    Savolitinib

    Volitinib; HMPL-504; AZD-6094

    c-Met/HGFR Cancer
    Savolitinib (AZD-6094) is a potent, highly selective, and orally bioavailable c-Met inhibitor with IC50 s of 5 nM and 3 nM for c-Met and p-Met, respectively. Savolitinib (AZD-6094) selectively binds to and inhibits the activation of c-Met in an ATP-competitive manner, and disrupts c-Met signal transduction pathways. Antineoplastic activity.
  • HY-N0003
    Honokiol

    NSC 293100

    Akt ERK Autophagy HCV Cancer
    Honokiol is a bioactive, biphenolic phytochemical that possesses potent antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, antiangiogenic, and anticancer activities by targeting a variety of signaling molecules. It inhibits the activation of Akt and enhances the phosphorylation of ERK1/ERK2. Honokiol can readily cross the blood brain barrier.
  • HY-121685A
    Tipepidine hydrochloride

    Potassium Channel Neurological Disease
    Tipepidine hydrochloride reversibly inhibits dopamine (DA) D2 receptor-mediated GIRK currents (IDA(GIRK)) with an IC50 of 7.0 μM. Tipepidine hydrochloride subsequently activates VTA dopamine neuron. Tipepidine hydrochloride, a non-narcotic antitussive, exerts an antidepressant-like effect.
  • HY-101379A
    8-Bromo-cGMP sodium

    Calcium Channel Neurological Disease
    8-Bromo-cGMP sodium, a membrane-permeable analogue of cGMP, is a PKG (protein kinase G) activator and significantly inhibits Ca 2+ macroscopic currents and impairs insulin release stimulated with high K +. 8-Bromo-cGMP sodium has antinociceptive effects.
  • HY-18686
    AS1949490

    Phosphatase Metabolic Disease
    AS1949490 is a potent and selective SHIP-2 (SH2 domain-containing inositol 5′ phosphatase 2) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 620 nM. AS1949490 activated glucose metabolism via up-regulation of GLUT1 gene in L6 myotubes.
  • HY-103254
    ML221

    Others Neurological Disease
    ML221 is a potent apelin (APJ) functional antagonist, inhibiting apelin-13-mediated activation of APJ, with IC50s of 0.70 μM in the cAMP assay, and 1.75 μM in the β-arrestin assay, and EC80 of 10 nM in both assays.
  • HY-10619B
    Niraparib tosylate

    MK-4827 tosylate

    PARP Apoptosis Cancer
    Niraparib tosylate (MK-4827 tosylate) is a highly potent and orally bioavailable PARP1 and PARP2 inhibitor with an IC50 of 3.8 and 2.1 nM, respectively. Niraparib tosylate leads to inhibition of repair of DNA damage, activates apoptosis and shows anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-P1045
    187-1, N-WASP inhibitor

    Arp2/3 Complex Others
    187-1, N-WASP inhibitor, a 14-aa cyclic peptide, is an allosteric neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) inhibitor. 187-1, N-WASP inhibitor potently inhibits actin assembly induced by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) with an IC50 of 2 μM. 187-1, N-WASP inhibitor prevents the activation of Arp2/3 complex by N-WASP by stabilizing the autoinhibited state of the protein.
  • HY-P1045A
    187-1, N-WASP inhibitor TFA

    Arp2/3 Complex Others
    187-1, N-WASP inhibitor TFA, a 14-aa cyclic peptide, is an allosteric neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) inhibitor. 187-1, N-WASP inhibitor TFA potently inhibits actin assembly induced by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) with an IC50 of 2 μM. 187-1, N-WASP inhibitor TFA prevents the activation of Arp2/3 complex by N-WASP by stabilizing the autoinhibited state of the protein.
  • HY-P1111A
    Lyn peptide inhibitor TFA

    Src Interleukin Related Inflammation/Immunology
    Lyn peptide inhibitor TFA is a potent and cell-permeable inhibitor of Lyn-coupled IL-5 receptor signaling pathway, while keeping other signals intact. Lyn peptide inhibitor TFA blocks Lyn activation and inhibits the binding of Lyn tyrosine kinase to βc subunit of IL-3/GM-CSF/IL-5 receptors. Lyn peptide inhibitor TFA can be used for study of  asthma, allergic, and other eosinophilic disorders.
  • HY-14590
    Kaempferol

    Kempferol; Robigenin

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Autophagy Mitophagy Apoptosis HIV Parasite Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Kaempferol (Kempferol), a flavonoid found in many edible plants, inhibits estrogen receptor α expression in breast cancer cells and induces apoptosis in glioblastoma cells and lung cancer cells by activation of MEK-MAPK. Kaempferol can be uesd for the research of breast cancer.
  • HY-13649
    Indibulin

    ZIO 301; D 24851

    Microtubule/Tubulin Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    Indibulin (ZIO 301), an orally applicable inhibitor of tubulin assembly, shows potent anticancer activity with a minimal neurotoxicity. Indibulin reduces inter-kinetochoric tension, produces aberrant spindles, activates mitotic checkpoint proteins Mad2 and BubR1, and induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis.
  • HY-125827
    13-Methylberberine chloride

    13-Methylberberinium chloride

    Others Cancer Metabolic Disease
    13-Methylberberine chloride (13-Methylberberinium chloride), a berberine analogue, has anti-adipogenic and antitumor activities. 13-Methylberberine chloride (13-Methylberberinium chloride) increases production of IL-12 and inhibits the expression of iNOS at posttranscriptional level in macrophages activated with LPS.
  • HY-B0258
    Gemfibrozil

    CI-719

    PPAR Cytochrome P450 Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Gemfibrozil is an activator of PPAR-α, used as a lipid-lowering drug; Gemfibrozil is also a nonselective inhibitor of several P450 isoforms, with Ki values for CYP2C9, 2C19, 2C8, and 1A2 of 5.8, 24, 69, and 82 μM, respectively.
  • HY-B0764
    Bucladesine sodium

    Dibutyryl cAMP sodium salt; DBcAMP sodium salt

    PKA Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Inflammation/Immunology
    Bucladesine sodium salt (Dibutyryl-cAMP sodium salt) is a stabilized cyclic AMP (cAMP) analog and a selective PKA activator. Bucladesine sodium salt raises the intracellular levels of cAMP. Bucladesine sodium salt is also a phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor. Bucladesine sodium salt has anti-inflammatory activity and can be used for impaired wound healing.
  • HY-15415
    KB-R7943 mesylate

    Na+/Ca2+ Exchanger Autophagy Cancer
    KB-R7943 mesylate is a widely used inhibitor of the reverse Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger (NCXrev) with IC50 of 5.7±2.1 µM. KB-R7943 mesylate induces cancer cell death via activating the JNK pathway and blocking autophagic flux.
  • HY-10529
    Betulinic acid

    Lupatic acid; Betulic acid

    Apoptosis Topoisomerase HIV Autophagy Mitophagy NF-κB Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Betulinic acid is a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid, acts as a eukaryotic topoisomerase I inhibitor, with an IC50 of 5 μM, and possesses anti-HIV, anti-malarial, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties. Betulinic acid acts as a new activator of NF-kB.
  • HY-15615A
    TIC10

    ONC-201

    TNF Receptor Apoptosis Cancer
    TIC10 is a potent, orally active, and stable tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) inducer which acts by inhibiting Akt and ERK, consequently activating Foxo3a and significantly inducing cell surface TRAIL. TIC10 can cross the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-13721
    Phenoxodiol

    Idronoxil; Dehydroequol; Haginin E

    Caspase Apoptosis Topoisomerase Cancer
    Phenoxodiol, a synthetic analog of Genestein, activates the mitochondrial caspase system, inhibits XIAP (an apoptosis inhibitor), and sensitizes the cancer cells to Fas-mediated apoptosis. This agent also inhibits DNA topoisomerase II by stabilizing the cleavable complex. Phenoxodiol induces cell cycle arrest in the G1/S phase of the cell cycle and upregulates p21 WAF1 via a p53 independent manner.
  • HY-107427
    PF-3644022

    MAPKAPK2 (MK2) p38 MAPK Inflammation/Immunology
    PF-3644022 is a potent, selective, orally active and ATP-competitive MAPKAPK2 (MK2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 5.2 nM and a Ki of 3 nM. PF-3644022 also inhibits MK3 and p38 regulated/activated kinase (PRAK) with IC50s of 53 nM and 5.0 nM, respectively. PF-3644022 potently inhibits TNFα production and has anti-inflammatory effect.
  • HY-N6009
    8-Deoxygartanin

    Parasite NF-κB Infection
    8-Deoxygartanin, a prenylated xanthones from G. mangostana, is a selective inhibitor of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). 8-Deoxygartanin exhibits antiplasmodial activity with an IC50 of 11.8 μM for the W2 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. 8-Deoxygartanin inhibits NF-κB (p65) activation with an IC50 of 11.3 μM.
  • HY-19805
    STO-609

    CaMK AMPK Autophagy Metabolic Disease
    STO-609 is a selective and cell-permeable inhibitor of the Ca 2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase (CaM-KK), with Ki values of 80 and 15 ng/mL for recombinant CaM-KKα and CaM-KKβ, respectively. STO-609 inhibits AMP-activated protein kinase kinase (AMPKK) activity in HeLa cell lysates with an IC50 ~0.02 g/ml.
  • HY-120111A
    MW-150 hydrochloride

    MW01-18-150SRM hydrochloride

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    MW-150 hydrochloride (MW01-18-150SRM hydrochloride) is a selective, CNS penetrant, and orally active inhibitor of p38α MAPK with a Ki of 101 nM. MW-150 hydrochloride (MW01-18-150SRM hydrochloride) inhibits the ability of the endogenous p38α MAPK to phosphorylate an endogenous substrate MK2 in activated glia.
  • HY-10619
    Niraparib

    MK-4827

    PARP Apoptosis Cancer
    Niraparib (MK-4827) is a highly potent and orally bioavailable PARP1 and PARP2 inhibitor with IC50s of 3.8 and 2.1 nM, respectively. Niraparib leads to inhibition of repair of DNA damage, activates apoptosis and shows anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-10619A
    Niraparib hydrochloride

    MK-4827 hydrochloride

    PARP Apoptosis Cancer
    Niraparib hydrochloride (MK-4827 hydrochloride) is a highly potent and orally bioavailable PARP1 and PARP2 inhibitor with IC50s of 3.8 and 2.1 nM, respectively. Niraparib hydrochloride leads to inhibition of repair of DNA damage, activates apoptosis and shows anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-16059
    Arglabin

    (+)-Arglabin

    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Farnesyl Transferase Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Arglabin ((+)-Arglabin), a natural product isolated from Artemisia glabella, is a NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor. Arglabin shows anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. The antitumor activity of Arglabin proceeds through its inhibition of farnesyl transferase which leads to the activation of RAS proto-oncogene.
  • HY-N3806
    Enniatin B

    Acyltransferase ERK Cancer Infection Cardiovascular Disease
    Enniatin B is a Fusarium mycotoxin. Enniatin B inhibits acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) activity with an IC50 of 113 μM in an enzyme assay using rat liver microsomes. Enniatins B decreases the activation of ERK (p44/p42).
  • HY-P2282
    APTSTAT3-9R

    STAT Cancer
    APTSTAT3-9R, a specific STAT3-binding peptide, inhibits STAT3 activation and downstream signaling by specifically blocking STAT3 phosphorylation. APTSTAT3-9R exerts antiproliferative effects and antitumor activity.
  • HY-107212
    Selamectin

    Parasite Chloride Channel P-glycoprotein Infection
    Selamectin, a semi-synthetic macrocyclic lactone, is a potent parasiticide and anthelminthic. Selamectin activates glutamate-gated chloride channels in neurons and pharyngeal muscles to prevent heartworm, Lymphatic filariae, and nematode infection. Selamectin is also a potent P-glycoprotein substrate and a P-glycoprotein inhibitor with an IC50 of 120 nM.
  • HY-N0479
    Licarin B

    (-)-Licarin B

    PPAR GLUT Metabolic Disease
    Licarin B, a nitric oxide production inhibitor extracted from the component of the seeds of Myristica fragrans, improves insulin sensitivity via PPARγ and activation of GLUT4 in the IRS-1/PI3K/AKT pathway.
  • HY-120272
    SMAP-2

    DT-1154

    Phosphatase Cancer
    SMAP-2 (DT-1154) is an orally bioavailable phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activator which binds to the PP2A Aα scaffold subunit to drive conformational changes in PP2A. SMAP-2 (DT-1154) inhibits the growth of KRAS-mutant lung cancers .
  • HY-W011434
    Triglycidyl isocyanurate

    TGIC; Teroxirone

    MDM-2/p53 Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Triglycidyl isocyanurate (TGIC; Teroxirone) is a triazene triepoxide with antiangiogenic and antineoplastic activities. Triglycidyl isocyanurate inhibits the growth of non-small-cell-lung cancer cells via p53 activation. Triglycidyl isocyanurate induces cell apoptosis. Triglycidyl isocyanurate can be used for cancer research.
  • HY-P1219
    Jingzhaotoxin-III

    Sodium Channel Neurological Disease
    Jingzhaotoxin-III is a potent and selective blocker of Nav1.5 channels, with an IC50 of 348 nM, and shows no effect on other sodium channel isoforms. Jingzhaotoxin-III can selectively inhibit the activation of cardiac sodium channel but not neuronal subtypes, and hopefully represents an important ligand for discriminating cardiac VGSC subtype.
  • HY-119917
    Gossypetin

    p38 MAPK Bacterial Cancer Infection
    Gossypetin is a hexahydroxylated flavonoid and is a potent mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MKK)3 and MKK6 inhibitor with strongly attenuates the MKK3/6-p38 signaling pathway, has various pharmacological activities, including antioxidant, antibacterial and anticancer activities.
  • HY-N0316
    Mollugin

    Others Cancer
    Mollugin is a major bioactive component isolated from Rubia cordifolia L.. Mollugin has an anti-cancer therapeutic effect by inhibiting TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation. Mollugin enhances the osteogenic action of BMP-2 via the p38-Smad signaling pathway .
  • HY-121538
    CUDA

    Epoxide Hydrolase PPAR Cardiovascular Disease
    CUDA is a potent inhibitor of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), with IC50s of 11.1 nM and 112 nM for mouse sEH and human sEH, respectively. CUDA selectively increases peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha activity. CUDA may be valuable for the research of cardiovascular disease.
  • HY-13634A
    Ezatiostat

    TER199(free base); TLK199

    Gutathione S-transferase Apoptosis Cancer
    Ezatiostat (TER199 free base; TLK199) is a tripeptide analog of glutathione and is a selective and orally active glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1) inhibitor. Ezatiostat leads to JNK activation by inhibiting GSTP1. Ezatiostat stimulates both lymphocyte production and bone marrow progenitor proliferation. Ezatiostat has the potential for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) treatment.
  • HY-113756A
    Latanoprost acid

    Prostaglandin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    Latanoprost acid, an analog of prostaglandin (PG) F2α, is an selective prostanoid receptor (FP) agonist that specifically activates the FP-PG receptor. Latanoprost acid inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclastgenesis and function by inhibiting ERK, AKT, JNK, and p38 cascade, following by the c-fos/NFATc1 pathway. Latanoprost acid is a medication which works to lower pressure inside the eyes.
  • HY-P1076
    CALP2

    Calcium Channel Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Inflammation/Immunology
    CALP2 is a calmodulin (CaM) antagonist ( (Kd of 7.9 µM)) with high affinity for binding to the CaM EF-hand/Ca 2+-binding site. CALP2 inhibits CaM-dependent phosphodiesterase activity and increases intracellular Ca 2+ concentrations. CALP2 potently inhibits of adhesion and degranulation. CALP2 is also a strong activator of alveolar macrophages.
  • HY-116364A
    AZT triphosphate TEA

    3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate TEA

    HIV DNA/RNA Synthesis HBV Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Infection
    AZT triphosphate TFA (3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate TFA) is a active triphosphate metabolite of Zidovudine (AZT). AZT triphosphate TFA exhibits antiretroviral activity and inhibits replication of HIV. AZT triphosphate TFA also inhibits the DNA polymerase of HBV. AZT triphosphate TFA activates the mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway.
  • HY-107390A
    AX-024 hydrochloride

    TNF Receptor Interleukin Related IFNAR Inflammation/Immunology
    AX-024 hydrochloride is an orally available, first-in-class inhibitor of the TCR-Nck interaction that selectively inhibits TCR-triggered T cell activation with an IC50 ~1 nM. AX-024 hydrochloride modulates cell signaling by targeting SH3 domains. AX-024 hydrochloride has low-acute toxicity and high potency and selectivity, and strongly inhibit the production of IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-10 and IL-17A.
  • HY-124858
    SC99

    STAT JAK Apoptosis Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    SC99 is an orally active, selective STAT3 inhibitor targeting JAK2-STAT3 pathway. SC99 docks into the ATP-binding pocket of JAK2. SC99 inhibits phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT3 with no effects on the other kinases associated with STAT3 signaling. SC99 inhibits platelet activation, aggregation and displays potent anti-myeloma, anti-thrombotic activities.
  • HY-101042
    AG-494

    Tyrphostin AG 494

    EGFR CDK Cancer
    AG-494 (Tyrphostin AG 494) is a potent and selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (IC50=0.7 μM). AG-494 inhibits the autophosphorylation of EGFR, ErbB2, HER1-2 and PDGF-R with IC50s 1.1, 39, 45 and 6 μM, respectively. AG-494 blocks Cdk2 activation and inhibits EGF-dependent DNA synthesis.
  • HY-12270
    T-5224

    MMP Others
    T-5224 is a transcription factor c-Fos/activator protein (AP)-1 inhibitor with anti-inflammatory effects, which specifically inhibits the DNA binding activity of c-Fos/c-Jun without affecting other transcription factors. T-5224 inhibits the IL-1β-induced up-regulation of Mmp-3, Mmp-13 and Adamts-5 transcription.
  • HY-107390
    AX-024

    TNF Receptor Interleukin Related IFNAR Inflammation/Immunology
    AX-024 is an orally available, first-in-class inhibitor of the TCR-Nck interaction that selectively inhibits TCR-triggered T cell activation with an IC50 ~1 nM. AX-024 modulates cell signaling by targeting SH3 domains. AX-024 has low-acute toxicity and high potency and selectivity, and strongly inhibit the production of IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-10 and IL-17A.
  • HY-10277
    Odiparcil

    SB-424323

    Thrombin Cardiovascular Disease
    Odiparcil (SB-424323) is an orally active beta-d-thioxyloside analog with antithrombotic activity associated with a reduced risk of adverse bleeding events. Odiparcil (SB-424323) is indirect thrombin inhibitor that exerts its anticoagulant effect through activation of antithrombin II (heparin cofactor II) .
  • HY-16926
    CK-666

    Arp2/3 Complex Others
    CK-666 is a cell-permeable inhibitor of actin-related protein Arp2/3 complex, and binds to Arp2/3 complex, stabilizes the inactive state of the complex, blocking movement of the Arp2 and Arp3 subunits into the activated filament-like (short pitch) conformation.
  • HY-135401
    VU6015929

    Discoidin Domain Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    VU6015929 is a potent, selective and orally active dual discoidin domain receptor 1/2 (DDR1/2) inhibitor with IC50s of 4.67 nM and 7.39 nM, respectively. VU6015929 potently blocks collagen-induced DDR1 activation and collagen-IV production.
  • HY-100530B
    Sp-cAMPS

    PKA Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Neurological Disease
    Sp-cAMPS, a cAMP analog, is potent activator of cAMP-dependent PKA IPKA II. Sp-cAMPS is also a potent, competitive phosphodiesterase (PDE3A) inhibitor with a Ki of 47.6 µM. Sp-cAMPS binds the PDE10 GAF domain with an EC50 of 40 μM.
  • HY-B0589C
    (3S,5S)-Atorvastatin

    Cytochrome P450 Metabolic Disease
    (3S,5S)-Atorvastatin is a inactive enantiomer of Atorvastatin. (3S,5S)-Atorvastatin can activate pregnane X receptor (PXR). Atorvastatin is an orally active HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, has the ability to effectively decrease blood lipids.
  • HY-100530C
    Sp-cAMPS sodium salt

    PKA Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Neurological Disease
    Sp-cAMPS sodium salt, a cAMP analog, is potent activator of cAMP-dependent PKA IPKA II. Sp-cAMPS sodium salt is also a potent, competitive phosphodiesterase (PDE3A) inhibitor with a Ki of 47.6 µM. Sp-cAMPS sodium salt binds the PDE10 GAF domain with an EC50 of 40 μM.
  • HY-18366A
    RU-SKI 43 hydrochloride

    Hedgehog Cancer
    RU-SKI 43 hydrochloride is a potent and selective Hedgehog acyltransferase (Hhat) inhibitor with an IC50 of 850 nM. RU-SKI 43 hydrochloride reduces Gli-1 activation through Smoothened-independent non-canonical signaling and decreases Akt and mTOR pathway activity. RU-SKI 43 hydrochloride has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-13653
    (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate

    EGCG; Epigallocatechol Gallate

    Autophagy Reactive Oxygen Species HIV Ferroptosis Mitochondrial Metabolism Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate is a tea flavonoid with potent antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and anticarcinogenic properties. (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate is reported to inhibit EGFR signaling and thereby exert anticancer effects. (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) is a glutamate dehydrogenase 1/2 (GDH1/2, GLUD1/2) inhibitor. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate induces oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) by activating cytochrome c oxidase.
  • HY-15510B
    Tenovin-6 Hydrochloride

    MDM-2/p53 Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase Sirtuin Autophagy Cancer
    Tenovin-6 Hydrochloride, an analog of Tenovin-1 (HY-13423), is an activator of p53 transcriptional activity. Tenovin-6 Hydrochloride inhibits the protein deacetylase activities of purified human SIRT1, SIRT2, and SIRT3 with IC50s of 21 μM, 10 μM, and 67 μM, respectively. Tenovin-6 Hydrochloride also inhibits dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH).
  • HY-101507
    Pico145

    HC-608

    TRP Channel Cancer
    Pico145 (HC-608) is a remarkable inhibitor of TRPC1/4/5 channels, inhibits (−)-englerin A-activated TRPC4/TRPC5 channels, with IC50s of 0.349 and 1.3 nM in cells, and shows no effect on TRPC3, TRPC6, TRPV1, TRPV4, TRPA1, TRPM2, TRPM8.
  • HY-110261
    GS143

    IKK E1/E2/E3 Enzyme NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    GS143 is a selec­tive IκBα ubiquitination inhibitor with an IC50 of 5.2 μM for SCF βTrCP1-mediated IκBα ubiquitylation. GS143 sup­presses NF-κB acti­va­tion and tran­scrip­tion of tar­get genes and does not inhibit proteasome activity. GS143 has anti-asthma effect.
  • HY-W046353
    2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde

    o-Methoxycinnamaldehyde

    Apoptosis Cancer
    2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde (o-Methoxycinnamaldehyde) is a natural compound of Cinnamomum cassia, with antitumor activity. 2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis by mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) loss, activation of both caspase-3 and caspase-9. 2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde effectively inhibits platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced HASMC migration.
  • HY-124634
    PZ-2891

    Others Neurological Disease
    PZ-2891 is an orally bioavailable, brain penetrant pantothenate kinase (PANK) modulator. PZ-2891 act as an orthosteric inhibitor at high concentrations and an allosteric activator at lower sub-saturating concentrations. PZ-2891 inhibits human pantothenate kinases PANK1β, PANK2, and PANK3 with IC50s of 40.2 nM, 0.7 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively.
  • HY-15510
    Tenovin-6

    MDM-2/p53 Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase Sirtuin Autophagy Cancer
    Tenovin-6, an analog of Tenovin-1 (HY-13423), is an activator of p53 transcriptional activity. Tenovin-6 inhibits the protein deacetylase activities of purified human SIRT1, SIRT2, and SIRT3 with IC50s of 21 μM, 10 μM, and 67 μM, respectively. Tenovin-6 also inhibits dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH).
  • HY-P1219A
    Jingzhaotoxin-III TFA

    Sodium Channel Neurological Disease
    Jingzhaotoxin-III TFA is a potent and selective blocker of Nav1.5 channels, with an IC50 of 348 nM, and shows no effect on other sodium channel isoforms. Jingzhaotoxin-III TFA can selectively inhibit the activation of cardiac sodium channel but not neuronal subtypes, and hopefully represents an important ligand for discriminating cardiac VGSC subtype.
  • HY-B0075S
    Melatonin D4

    N-Acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine D4

    Melatonin Receptor Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Melatonin D4 is deuterium labeled Melatonin. Melatonin is a hormone made by the pineal gland that can activates melatonin receptor. Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. Melatonin is a selective ATF-6 inhibitor and induces human hepatoma cell apoptosis through COX-2 downregulation.
  • HY-P1098
    Ac2-26

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    Ac2-26, an active N-terminal peptide of annexin A1 (AnxA1), attenuates ischemia-reperfusion-induced acute lung injury. Ac2-26 also decreases AnxA1 protein expression, inhibits the activation of NF-κB and MAPK pathways in the injured lung tissue.
  • HY-N7043
    Isosilybin A

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Isosilybin A, a flavonolignan isolated from silymarin, has anti-prostate cancer (PCA) activity. Isosilybin A inhibits proliferation and induces G1 phase arrest and apoptosis in cancer cells, which activates apoptotic machinery in PCA cells via targeting Akt-NF-κB-androgen receptor (AR) axis.
  • HY-P2285
    AC 253

    Amyloid-β
    AC 253 is an Amylin (AMY3) receptor antagonist, inhibiting andrenomedulin-stimulated cAMP production. AC 253 protects against oligomeric Aβ-induced increase in intracellular Ca2+, activation of PKA, MAPK, Akt and cFOS and cell death in neuronal cell culture. AC 253 blocks electrophysiological effects of Aβ.
  • HY-W058849
    MT 63-78

    AMPK mTOR Apoptosis Cancer
    MT 63-78 is a specific and potent direct AMPK activator with an EC50 of 25 μM. MT 63–78 also induces cell mitotic arrest and apoptosis. MT 63-78 blocks prostate cancer growth by inhibiting the lipogenesis and mTORC1 pathways. MT 63-78 has antitumor effects.
  • HY-N1381
    Periplocin

    Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Periplocin is a cardiotonic steroid isolated from Periploca forrestii. Periplocin promotes tumor cell apoptosis and inhibits tumor growth. Periplocin has the potential to facilitate wound healing through the activation of Src/ERK and PI3K/Akt pathways mediated by Na/K-ATPase.
  • HY-N0633
    Muscone

    Interleukin Related TNF Receptor NF-κB NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Muscone is the main active monomer of traditional Chinese medicine musk. Muscone inhibits NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Muscone remarkably decreases the levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6), and ultimately improves cardiac function and survival rate.
  • HY-N4113
    Glycycoumarin

    Autophagy Cancer
    Glycycoumarin is a major bioactive coumarin of licorice. Glycycoumarin inhibits hepatocyte lipoapoptosis through activation of autophagy and inhibition of ER stress-mediated JNK and GSK-3-mediated mitochondrial pathway. Glycycoumarin exerts anti-liver cancer activity by directly targeting T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase .
  • HY-109854A
    (R)-Lisofylline

    (R)-Lisophylline

    STAT Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    (R)-Lisofylline ((R)-Lisophylline) is a (R)-enantiomer of the metabolite of Pentoxifylline with anti-inflammatory properties. (R)-Lisofylline is a lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.6 µM and interrupts IL-12 signaling-mediated STAT4 activation. (R)-Lisofylline has the potential for type 1 diabetes, autoimmune disorders research.
  • HY-N0643
    Carnosol

    Ribosomal S6 Kinase (RSK) Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer
    Carnosol is a potent Ribosomal S6 Kinase (RSK2) inhibitor that could be useful for treating gastric cancer, with an IC50 of ~5.5 μM. Carnosol, a Nrf2 activator, increases the nuclear levels of Nrf2 and can promote the expression of heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1).
  • HY-129522
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN

    CZ-48

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Neurological Disease
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN (CZ-48) is a mimetic of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN acts selectively, activating SARM1 but inhibiting CD38 (IC50 around 10 μM). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN induces intracellular cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) production.
  • HY-123931
    ZLDI-8

    Notch Phosphatase Apoptosis Cancer
    ZLDI-8 is a Notch activating/cleaving enzyme ADAM-17 inhibitor and inhibits the cleavage of Notch protein. ZLDI-8 decreases the expression of pro-survival/anti-apoptosis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related proteins. ZLDI-8 is also a competitive and irreversible tyrosine phosphatase (Lyp) inhibitor with an IC50 of 31.6 μM and a Ki of 26.22 μM. ZLDI-8 inhibits the growth of MHCC97-H cells with an IC50 of 5.32 μM.
  • HY-107738
    Guggulsterone

    Z/E-Guggulsterone

    Apoptosis JNK Akt Caspase FXR Autophagy Cancer
    Guggulsterone is a plant sterol derived from the gum resin of the tree Commiphora wightii. Guggulsterone inhibits the growth of a wide variety of tumor cells and induces apoptosis through down regulation of antiapoptotic gene products (IAP1, xIAP, Bfl-1/A1, Bcl-2, cFLIP and survivin), modulation of cell cycle proteins (cyclin D1 and c-Myc), activation of caspases and JNK, inhibition of Akt. Guggulsterone, a farnesoid X receptor (FXR) antagonist, decreases CDCA-induced FXR activation with IC50s of 17 and 15 μM for Z- and E-Guggulsterone, respectively.
  • HY-P1076A
    CALP2 TFA

    Calcium Channel Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Inflammation/Immunology
    CALP2 TFA is a calmodulin (CaM) antagonist (Kd of 7.9 µM) with high affinity for binding to the CaM EF-hand/Ca 2+-binding site. CALP2 TFA inhibits CaM-dependent phosphodiesterase activity and increases intracellular Ca 2+ concentrations. CALP2 TFA potently inhibits of adhesion and degranulation. CALP2 TFA is also a strong activator of alveolar macrophages.
  • HY-10037
    Quiflapon

    MK-591

    FLAP Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Quiflapon (MK-591) is a selective and specific 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.6 nM in a FLAP binding assay. Quiflapon is also a potent and orally active Leukotriene biosynthesis (LT) inhibitor, shows IC50 values of 3.1 and 6.1 nM in intact human and elicited rat PMNLs, respectively. Quiflapon induces cell apoptosis.
  • HY-13027
    DAPT

    GSI-IX

    γ-secretase Amyloid-β Autophagy Notch Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    DAPT (GSI-IX) is a potent and orally active γ-secretase inhibitor with IC50s of 115 nM and 200 nM for total amyloid-β (Aβ) and 42, respectively. DAPT inhibits the activation of Notch 1 signaling and induces cell differentiation. DAPT also induces autophagy and apoptosis. DAPT has neuroprotection activity and has the potential for autoimmune and lymphoproliferative diseases, degenerative disease and cancers treatment.
  • HY-B0097
    Floxuridine

    5-Fluorouracil 2'-deoxyriboside

    Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog DNA/RNA Synthesis Bacterial CMV HSV Cancer Infection
    Floxuridine (5-Fluorouracil 2'-deoxyriboside) is a pyrimidine analog and known as an oncology antimetabolite. Floxuridine inhibits Poly(ADP-Ribose) polymerase and induces DNA damage by activating the ATM and ATR checkpoint signaling pathways in vitro. Floxuridine is a extreamly potent inhibitor for S. aureus infection and induces cell apoptosis. Floxuridine has antiviral effects against HSV and CMV.
  • HY-10496
    SC75741

    NF-κB Influenza Virus Infection Cancer
    SC75741 is a broad and efficient NF-κB inhibitor with an IC50 of 200 nM for p65. SC75741 blocks influenza viruses (IV) replication. SC75741 impairs DNA binding of the NF-κB subunit p65, resulting in reduced expression of cytokines, chemokines, and pro-apoptotic factors. SC75741 subsequently inhibits caspase activation and blocks caspase-mediated nuclear export of viral ribonucleoproteins.
  • HY-15424
    5-Iodotubercidin

    NSC 113939; 5-ITu

    Adenosine Kinase Cancer
    5-Iodotubercidin (NSC 113939), an ATP mimetic, is a potent adenosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 26 nM. 5-Iodotubercidin (NSC 113939) initiates glycogen synthesis in isolated hepatocytes by causing inactivation of phosphorylase and activation of glycogen synthase. 5-Iodotubercidin (NSC 113939) also inhibits CK1, insulin receptor tyrosine kinase, phosphorylase kinase, PKA, CK2, PKC and Haspin.
  • HY-13233A
    Talabostat mesylate

    Val-boroPro mesylate; PT100 mesylate

    Dipeptidyl Peptidase Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Talabostat mesylate (Val-boroPro mesylate; PT100 mesylate) is an orally active and nonselective dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor (IC50 < 4 nM; Ki = 0.18 nM) and the first clinical inhibitor of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) (IC50 = 560 nM), inhibits DPP8/9 (IC50 = 4/11 nM; Ki = 1.5/0.76 nM), quiescent cell proline dipeptidase (QPP) (IC50 = 310 nM), DPP2, and some other DASH family enzymes. Antineoplastic and hematopoiesis- stimulating activities.
  • HY-N2484
    Methylnissolin

    Astrapterocarpan

    PDGFR ERK Cardiovascular Disease
    Methylnissolin (Astrapterocarpan), isolated from Astragalus membranaceus, inhibits platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-induced cell proliferation with an IC50 of 10 μM. Methylnissolin inhibits PDGF-BB-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERIC1/2) mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. Methylnissolin inhibits PDGF-BB-induced vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation by inhibition of the ERK1/2 MAP kinase cascade.
  • HY-13233
    Talabostat

    Val-boroPro; PT100

    Dipeptidyl Peptidase Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Talabostat (Val-boroPro; PT100) is an orally active and nonselective dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor (IC50 < 4 nM; Ki = 0.18 nM) and the first clinical inhibitor of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) (IC50 = 560 nM), inhibits DPP8/9 (IC50 = 4/11 nM; Ki = 1.5/0.76 nM), quiescent cell proline dipeptidase (QPP) (IC50 = 310 nM), DPP2, and some other DASH family enzymes. Antineoplastic and hematopoiesis- stimulating activities.
  • HY-103355
    YM022

    CCR Metabolic Disease
    YM022 is a highly potent, selective and orally active gastrin/cholecystokinin (CCK)-B receptor (CCK-BR) antagonist. YM022 shows the Ki values of 68 pM and 63 nM for CCK-B and CCK-A receptor, respectively. YM022 can inhibit gastrin-induced gastric acid secretion and histidine decarboxylase activation in vivo.
  • HY-100549
    (S)-Crizotinib

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Apoptosis Cancer
    (S)-Crizotinib is a potent and selective MTH1 (mutT homologue) inhibitor with an IC50 of 330 nM. (S)-Crizotinib disrupts nucleotide pool homeostasis via MTH1 inhibition, induces an increase in DNA single strand breaks, activates DNA repair in human colon carcinoma cells, and effectively suppresses tumour growth in animal models.
  • HY-111550
    Bragsin2

    Others Cancer
    Bragsin2 is a potent, selective and noncompetitive nucleotide exchange factor BRAG2 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 3 μM. Bragsin2 binds at the interface between the PH domain of BRAG2 and the lipid bilayer, leads BRAG2 unable to activate lipidated Arf GTPase. Bragsin2 affects breast cancer stem cells.
  • HY-122534
    Mensacarcin

    Mitochondrial Metabolism ADC Cytotoxin Apoptosis Cancer
    Mensacarcin, a highly complex polyketide, strongly inhibits cell growth universally in cancer cell lines and potently induces apoptosis in melanoma cells. Mensacarcin targets to mitochondria, affects energy metabolism in mitochondria, and activates caspase-dependent apoptotic pathways. Mensacarcin, an antibiotic, can be used as a cytotoxic component of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs).
  • HY-114268
    BRD-K98645985

    HIV Infection
    BRD-K98645985 is a BAF (mammalian SWI/SNF) transcriptional repression inhibitor with an EC50 of ~2.37 µM. BRD-K98645985 binds ARID1A-specific BAF complexes, prevents nucleosomal positioning, and potently reverses HIV-1 latency, without T cell activation or toxicity.
  • HY-100538A
    DTP3 TFA

    DNA/RNA Synthesis JNK Cancer
    DTP3 TFA is a potent and selective GADD45β/MKK7 (growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible β/mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 7) inhibitor. DTP3 TFA targets an essential, cancer-selective cell-survival module downstream of the NF-κB pathway.
  • HY-P1098A
    Ac2-26 TFA

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    Ac2-26 TFA, an active N-terminal peptide of annexin A1 (AnxA1), attenuates ischemia-reperfusion-induced acute lung injury. Ac2-26 also decreases AnxA1 protein expression, inhibits the activation of NF-κB and MAPK pathways in the injured lung tissue.
  • HY-B0557
    Bisacodyl

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Bisacodyl is a stimulant laxative agent that works directly on the colon to produce a bowel movement. Bisacodyl increases the secretion of PGE2 by direct activation of colon macrophages. PGE2 acts as a paracrine factor and decreases the expression of AQP3 in the colon, which inhibits water transfer from the luminal to the vascular side and leads to a laxative effect.
  • HY-N6693
    Valinomycin

    NSC 122023

    Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Infection
    Valinomycin (NSC 122023) is a cyclic depsipeptide antibiotic first isolated from Streptomyces fulvissimus, act as a potassium selective ionophore. Valinomycin (NSC 122023) inhibits lymphocyte proliferation by its effects on the cell membrane, and induces apoptosis in CHO cells. Valinomycin induces activation of PINK1 leading to Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation.
  • HY-N0047
    Polyphyllin I

    JNK mTOR Akt PDK-1 Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Polyphyllin I is a bioactive constituent extracted from Paris polyphylla, has strong anti-tumor activity. Polyphyllin I is an activator of the JNK signaling pathway and is an inhibitor of PDK1/Akt/mTOR signaling. Polyphyllin I induces autophagy, G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis.
  • HY-125858
    MI-1061

    MDM-2/p53 E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Apoptosis Cancer
    MI-1061 is a potent, orally bioavailable, and chemically stable MDM2 (MDM2-p53 interaction) inhibitor (IC50=4.4 nM; Ki=0.16 nM). MI-1061 potently activates p53, induces apoptosis, and has anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-128694
    Foropafant

    SR27417

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Foropafant (SR27417) highly potent, competitive, selective and orally active antagonist of platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor, with a Ki value of 57 pM for [ 3H]PAF binding, at least 5-fold lower than that of unlabeled PAF itself. Foropafant potently inhibits PAF-induced aggregation of rabbit and human platelets.
  • HY-N6727
    Gliotoxin

    Aspergillin

    Apoptosis PKA NF-κB Bacterial Fungal Antibiotic Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Gliotoxin is a secondary metabolite, the most abundant mycotoxin secreted by A. fumigatus, inhibits the phagocytosis of macrophages and the immune functions of other immune cells . Gliotoxin inhibits inducible NF-κB activity by preventing IκB degradation, which consequently induces host-cell apoptosis. Gliotoxin activates PKA and increases intracellular cAMP concentration; modulates actin cytoskeleton rearrangement to facilitate A. fumigatus internalization into lung epithelial cells.
  • HY-10456
    TAK-715

    p38 MAPK Casein Kinase Inflammation/Immunology
    TAK-715 is an orally active and potent p38 MAPK inhibitor with IC50s of 7.1 nM, 200 nM for p38α and p38β, respectively. TAK-715 inhibits casein kinase I (CK1δ/ε) to regulate activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling. TAK-715 shows good significant efficacy in a rat arthritis model.
  • HY-110177
    SP-100030

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    SP-100030 is a potent NF-κB and activator protein-1 (AP-1) double inhibitor (IC50s=50 and 50 nM, respectively). SP-100030 inhibits IL-2, IL-8, and TNF-alpha production in Jurkat and other T cell lines. SP-100030 decreases murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA).
  • HY-101283
    HCH6-1

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    HCH6-1 is a competitive antagonist of Formyl peptide receptor 1 (FPR1), an emerging therapeutic target for the discovery of drugs to treat neutrophilic inflammatory diseases. HCH6-1 is a selective FPR1 inhibitor and has protective effects against acute lung injury (ALI). HCH6-1 inhibits superoxide anion generation, elastase release, and chemotaxis in human neutrophils activated by fMLF (an FPR1 agonist).
  • HY-115497
    BRD5529

    E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Inflammation/Immunology
    BRD5529 is a selective CARD9-E3 ubiquitin ligase TRIM62 protein-protein interaction inhibitor with an IC50 of 8.6 μM. BRD5529 directly and selectively binds CARD9, disrupts TRIM62 recruitment, inhibits TRIM62-mediated ubiquitinylation and activation of CARD9, and demonstrates cellular activity and selectivity in CARD9-dependent pathways.
  • HY-103371
    DCPIB

    Chloride Channel Potassium Channel Neurological Disease
    DCPIB is a selective, reversible and potent inhibitor of volume-regulated anion channels (VRAC). DCPIB voltage-dependently activates potassium channels TREK1 and TRAAK and inhibits TRESK, TASK1 and TASK3 (IC50s of 0.14, 0.95, 50.72 μM, respectively). DCPIB is also a selective blocker of swelling-induced chloride current (ICl,swell), with an IC50 of 4.1 μM in CPAE cells.
  • HY-117287
    BMS-986165

    JAK Interleukin Related IFNAR Inflammation/Immunology
    BMS-986165 is a highly selective, orally bioavailable allosteric TYK2 inhibitor for the treatment of autoimmune diseases, which selectively binds to TYK2 pseudokinase (JH2) domain (IC50=1.0 nM) and blocks receptor-mediated Tyk2 activation by stabilizing the regulatory JH2 domain. BMS-986165 inhibits IL-12/23 and type I IFN pathways.
  • HY-120934
    C25-140

    TNF Receptor E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Inflammation/Immunology
    C25-140, a first-in-class, orally active, and fairly selective TRAF6-Ubc13 inhibitor, directly binds to TRAF6, and blocks the interaction of TRAF6 with Ubc13. C25-140 lowers TRAF6 activity, reduces NF-κB activation, and combats autoimmunity.
  • HY-N0636
    Eriocitrin

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Eriocitrin is a flavonoid isolated from lemon, which is a strong antioxidant agent. Eriocitrin could inhibit the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines by arresting cell cycle in S phase through up-regulation of p53, cyclin A, cyclin D3 and CDK6. Eriocitrin triggers apoptosis by activating mitochondria-involved intrinsic signaling pathway.
  • HY-129492
    GNF4877

    DYRK GSK-3 Metabolic Disease
    GNF4877 is a potent DYRK1A and GSK3β inhibitor with IC50s of 6 nM and 16 nM, respectively, which leads to blockade of nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFATc) nuclear export and increased β-cell proliferation (EC50 of 0.66 μM for mouse β (R7T1) cells).
  • HY-14649
    Retinoic acid

    Vitamin A acid; all-trans-Retinoic acid; ATRA

    RAR/RXR PPAR Endogenous Metabolite Autophagy Cancer
    Retinoic acid is a metabolite of vitamin A that plays important roles in cell growth, differentiation, and organogenesis. Retinoic acid is a natural agonist of RAR nuclear receptors, with IC50s of 14 nM for RARα/β/γ. Retinoic acid bind to PPARβ/δ with Kd of 17 nM. Retinoic acid acts as an inhibitor of transcription factor Nrf2 through activation of retinoic acid receptor alpha.
  • HY-12028
    PD98059

    MEK ERK Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    PD98059 is a potent and selective MEK inhibitor with an IC50 of 5 µM. PD98059 binds to the inactive form of MEK, thereby preventing the activation of MEK1 (IC50 of 2-7 µM) and MEK2 (IC50 of 50 µM) by upstream kinases. PD98059 is a ERK1/2 signaling inhibitor. PD98059 is a ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), and suppresses TCDD binding (IC50 of 4 μM) and AHR transformation (IC50 of 1 μM). PD98059 also inhibits autophagy.
  • HY-N7056
    4'-Hydroxychalcone

    Proteasome Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    4'-Hydroxychalcone is a chalcone isolated from licorice root, with hepatoprotective activity. 4'-Hydroxychalcone inhibits TNFα-induced NF-κB activation via proteasome inhibition. 4'-Hydroxychalcone induces a rapid potassium release from mitochondrial vesicles and causes deterioration of respiratory control and oxidative phosphorylation of isolated rat liver mitochondria.
  • HY-124952
    iKIX1

    Fungal Infection
    iKIX1 is an antifungal agent and re-sensitizes drug-resistant C. glabrata to azole antifungals in vitro. iKIX1 inhibits the interaction between the KIX domain of the mediator subunit CgGal11A and the activation domain of CgPdr1, the IC50 and Ki values are 190.2 μM and 18 μM, respectively. iKIX1 is used for the study of multidrug resistance and C. glabrata infection.
  • HY-N7110
    6-Hydroxyflavone

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    6-Hydroxyflavone is a naturally occurring flavone, with anti-inflammatory activity. 6-Hydroxyflavone exhibits inhibitory effect towards bovine hemoglobin (BHb) glycation. 6-Hydroxyflavone can activate AKT, ERK 1/2, and JNK signaling pathways to effectively promote osteoblastic differentiation. 6-Hydroxyflavone inhibits the LPS-induced NO production .
  • HY-136093A
    IM156

    HL156A; HL271 acetate

    AMPK Cancer Neurological Disease
    IM156 (HL156A; HL271 acetate), a chemical derivative of Metformin (HY-B0627), is a potent AMPK activator that increases AMPK phosphorylation. IM156 attenuates aging-associated cognitive impairment in animal model. IM156 is a potent oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) inhibitor which can be used for the research of solid tumors.
  • HY-117857
    MRT00033659

    Casein Kinase Checkpoint Kinase (Chk) MDM-2/p53 Cancer
    MRT00033659 is a potent broad-spectrum kinase inhibitor of CK1 (IC50=0.9 µM for CK1δ) and CHK1 (IC50=0.23 µM). MRT00033659, a pyrazolo-pyridine analogue, induces p53 pathway activation and E2F-1 destabilisation.
  • HY-N4237
    Saikogenin D

    Prostaglandin Receptor Potassium Channel Inflammation/Immunology
    Saikogenin D is isolated from Bupleurum chinense, has anti-inflammatory effects. Saikogenin D activates epoxygenases that converts arachidonic acid to epoxyeicosanoids and dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids, and the metabolites secondarily inhibit prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production. Saikogenin D results in an elevation of [Ca 2+]i due to Ca 2+ release from intracellular stores.
  • HY-16576
    TCS-PIM-1-4a

    SMI-4a

    Pim Apoptosis Cancer
    TCS-PIM-1-4a (SMI-4a) is a pan-Pim kinases inhibitor that blocks mTORC1 activity via activation of AMPK. TCS-PIM-1-4a kills a wide range of both myeloid and lymphoid cell lines (IC50 values ranging from 0.8 μM to 40 μM).
  • HY-W011109
    CKI-7

    Casein Kinase CDK SGK Ribosomal S6 Kinase (RSK) Cancer
    CKI-7 is a potent and ATP-competitive casein kinase 1 (CK1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 6 μM and a Ki of 8.5 μM. CKI-7 is a selective Cdc7 kinase inhibitor. CKI-7 also inhibits SGK, ribosomal S6 kinase-1 (S6K1) and mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase-1 (MSK1). CKI-7 has a much weaker effect on casein kinase II and other protein kinases.
  • HY-13811
    NSC697923

    E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Apoptosis Cancer
    NSC697923 is a potent UBE2N (ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 N, Ubc13) inhibitor. NSC697923 induces neuroblastoma (NB) cell death via promoting nuclear importation of p53 in p53 wild-type NB cells. NSC697923 also induces cell death in p53 mutant NB cells by activation of JNK-mediated apoptotic pathway. NSC697923 inhibits DNA damage and NF-κB signaling. Antitumor activity.
  • HY-101676
    RG-12525

    NID 525

    Leukotriene Receptor PPAR Cytochrome P450 Metabolic Disease
    RG-12525 is a a specific, competitive and orally effective antagonist of the peptidoleukotrienes, LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4, inhibiting LTC4-, LTD4- and LTE4-inducd guinea pig parenchymal strips contractions, with IC50s of 2.6 nM, 2.5 nM and 7 nM, respectively; RG-12525 is also a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) agonist with IC50 of appr 60 nM and a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4, with a Ki value of 0.5 µM.
  • HY-107024
    Osteogenic Growth Peptide (10-14)

    OGP(10-14); Historphin

    Src Others
    Osteogenic Growth Peptide (10-14) (OGP(10-14)), the C-terminal truncated pentapeptide of osteogenic growth peptide (OGP), retains the full OGP-like activity. Osteogenic Growth Peptide (10-14) is responsible for the binding to the OGP receptor and activates an intracellular Gi-protein-MAP kinase signaling pathway. Osteogenic Growth Peptide (10-14) is a potent mitogen and stimulator of osteogenesis and hematopoiesis. Osteogenic Growth Peptide (10-14) acts as a Src inhibitor.
  • HY-116624
    MAZ51

    VEGFR Apoptosis Cancer
    MAZ51 is a selective inhibitor of VEGFR-3 (Flt-4) tyrosine kinase. MAZ51 inhibits VEGF-C-induced activation of VEGFR-3 without blocking VEGF-C-mediated stimulation of VEGFR2. MAZ51 had no effect on ligand-induced autophosphorylation of EGFR, IGF-1R and PDGFRβ. MAZ51 blocks proliferation and induces apoptosis in a wide variety of tumor cells. Antitumor activity.
  • HY-B0845
    Prochloraz

    BTS 40542

    Fungal Estrogen Receptor/ERR Androgen Receptor Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor
    Prochloraz is an imidazole antifungal that inhibits ergosterol biosynthesis via inhibition of the cytochrome P450-dependent 14α-demethylation of lanosterol, which results in disruption of the fungal cell membrane and cell death. Prochloraz inhibits human placenta microsomal aromatase in vitro (IC50 = 40 nM). Prochloraz also acts as an antagonist of the estrogen receptor (ER) and androgen receptor (AR) (IC50s = 25 μM and 4 μM, respectively) as well as activates the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR; EC50 = 1 μM).
  • HY-100233
    IQ-1S free acid

    JNK Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    IQ-1S free acid is a prospective inhibitor of NF-κB/activating protein 1 (AP-1) activity with an IC50 of 2.3±0.41 μM. IQ-1S free acid has binding affinity (Kd values) in the nanomolar range for all three JNKs with Kds of 100 nM, 240 nM, and 360 nM for JNK3, JNK1, and JNK2, respectively.
  • HY-103193
    NKH477

    Colforsin dapropate hydrochloride

    Adenylate Cyclase Cardiovascular Disease
    NKH477 (Colforsin dapropate hydrochloride) is a novel water-soluble forskolin derivative that improves cardiac failure mainly through its beneficial effects on diastolic cardiac function. NKH477 directly activates the catalytic unit of adenylate cyclase and increases intracellular cAMP. NKH477 exerts an antiproliferative effect in vivo with an altered cytokine profile to inhibit the acute rejection of rat orthotopic lung allografts.
  • HY-13716
    Noscapine

    (S,R)-Noscapine

    Opioid Receptor Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Noscapine ((S,R)-Noscapine) is an orally active phthalideisoquinoline alkaloid with potent antitussive. Noscapine exerts its antitussive effects by activating sigma opioid receptors and is a non-competitive Bradykinin inhibitor. Noscapine disrupts microtubule dynamics, induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis. Noscapine possesses anticancer, neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory activities, and can crosse the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-12383
    Pelubiprofen

    COX Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Pelubiprofen, an orally active and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is a member of the 2-arylpropionic acid family and has relatively selective effects on COX-2 activity. Pelubiprofen inhibits COX activity and the transforming growth factor-β activated kinase 1-IκB kinase β-NF-κB pathway, and has significant anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
  • HY-126047B
    (R)-(+)-Anatabine

    NF-κB Amyloid-β nAChR Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    (R)-(+)-Anatabine is an less active R-enantiomer of Anatabine. Anatabine is a potent α4β2 nAChR agonist. Anatabine inhibits NF-κB activation lower amyloid-β (Aβ) production by preventing the β-cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP). Anatabine has anti-inflammatory effects and has the potential for neurodegenerative disorders treatment.
  • HY-13716A
    Noscapine hydrochloride

    (S,R)-Noscapine hydrochloride

    Opioid Receptor Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Noscapine hydrochloride ((S,R)-Noscapine hydrochloride) is an orally active phthalideisoquinoline alkaloid with potent antitussive. Noscapine hydrochloride exerts its antitussive effects by activating sigma opioid receptors and is a non-competitive Bradykinin inhibitor. Noscapine hydrochloride disrupts microtubule dynamics, induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis. Noscapine hydrochloride possesses anticancer, neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory activities, and can crosse the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-128704
    c-Kit-IN-3

    c-Kit Cancer
    c-Kit-IN-3 (Compound 18) is a potent and selective c-KIT kinase inhibitor with an IC50s of 4 nM, 8 nM for c-KIT wt and c-KIT T670I, respectively. c-Kit-IN-3 displays great potencies against most of the gain-offunction mutations in the juxtamembrane domain, drugresistant mutations in the ATP binding pocket, and activation loops.
  • HY-128872
    EHP-101

    VCE-​004.8

    PPAR Cannabinoid Receptor HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    EHP-101 (VCE-004.8) is an orally active, specific PPARγ and CB2 receptor dual agonist. EHP-101 inhibits prolyl-hydroxylases (PHDs) and activates the HIF pathway. EHP-101, a semi-synthetic multitarget cannabinoquinoid, has potent anti-inflammatory activity. EHP-101 attenuates adipogenesis and prevents diet-induced obesity.
  • HY-100218A
    RSL3

    (1S,3R)-RSL3

    Glutathione Peroxidase Ferroptosis Cancer
    RSL3 ((1S,3R)-RSL3) is an inhibitor of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) (ferroptosis activator), reduces the expression of GPX4 protein, and induces ferroptotic death of head and neck cancer cell. RSL3 increases the expression of p62 and Nrf2 and inactivates Keap1 in HN3-rslR cells.
  • HY-P0178A
    LXW7 TFA

    Integrin Inflammation/Immunology
    LXW7 TFA, a cyclic peptide containing Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD), is an integrin αvβ3 inhibitor. LXW7 has a high binding affinity to αvβ3 integrin with an IC50 of 0.68 μM. LXW7 TFA increases phosphorylation of VEGFR-2 and activation of ERK1/2. Anti-inflammatory effect.
  • HY-17386
    Rosiglitazone

    BRL 49653

    PPAR TRP Channel Autophagy Ferroptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Rosiglitazone (BRL 49653) is a selective, orally active PPARγ agonist with EC50s of 30 nM, 100 nM and 60 nM for PPARγ1, PPARγ2, and PPARγ, respectively. Rosiglitazone binds to PPARγ with a Kd of approximately 40 nM. Rosiglitazone is also an activator of TRPC5 (EC50=~30 μM) and an inhibitor of TRPM3.
  • HY-N2259
    Curcumenol

    (+)-Curcumenol

    Cytochrome P450 Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Curcumenol ((+)-Curcumenol) is a potent CYP3A4 inhibitor with an IC50 of 12.6 μM, which is one of constituents in the plants of medicinally important genus of Curcuma zedoaria, with neuroprotection, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and hepatoprotective activities. Curcumenol ((+)-Curcumenol) suppresses Akt-mediated NF-κB activation and p38 MAPK signaling pathway in LPS-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells.
  • HY-111373
    RapaLink-1

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    RapaLink-1, the third-generation bivalent mTOR inhibitor, combines Rapamycin with MLN0128 (a second-generation mTOR kinase inhibitor) by an inert chemical linker. RapaLink-1 shows better efficacy than Rapamycin or mTOR kinase inhibitors (TORKi), potently blocking cancer-derived, activating mutants of mTOR. RapaLink-1 can cross the blood-brain barrier. RapaLink-1 binding to FKBP12 results in targeted and durable inhibition of mTORC1. RapaLink-1 plays an antithrombotic role in antiphospholipid syndrome by improving autophagy. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-108601A
    Ro 32-0432 hydrochloride

    PKC Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Ro 32-0432 hydrochloride is a potent, selective, ATP-competitive and orally active PKC inhibitor. The IC50 values of Ro 32-0432 hydrochloride for PKCα, PKCβI, PKCβII, PKCγ and PKCε are 9.3 nM, 28 nM, 30 nM, 36.5 nM and 108.3 nM, respectively. Ro 32-0432 hydrochloride is also a selective G protein-coupled receptor kinase 5 (GRK5) inhibitor. Ro 32-0432 hydrochloride prevents T-cell activation and has the potential for chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases research.
  • HY-16558
    Butein

    2’,3,4,4’-tetrahydroxy Chalcone

    EGFR Autophagy Apoptosis Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Cancer
    Butein, isolated from Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen, is a cAMP-specific PDE inhibitor with an IC50 of 10.4 μM for PDE4. Butein is a specific protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor with IC50s of 16 and 65 μM for EGFR and p60 c-src in HepG2 cells. Butein sensitizes HeLa cells to Cisplatin through AKT and ERK/p38 MAPK pathways by targeting FoxO3a. Butein is a SIRT1 activator (STAC).
  • HY-10254
    PD0325901

    PD325901

    MEK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    PD0325901 (PD325901) is an orally active, selective and non-ATP-competitive MEK inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.33 nM. PD0325901 exhibits a Ki app of 1 nM against activated MEK1 and MEK2. PD0325901 suppresses the expression of p-ERK1/2 and induces apoptosis. PD0325901 has anti-cancer activity for a broad spectrum of human tumor xenografts.
  • HY-19918A
    Anatabine dicitrate

    NF-κB Amyloid-β nAChR Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Anatabine dicitrate is a tobacco alkaloid that can cross the blood-brain barrier. Anatabine dicitrate is a potent α4β2 nAChR agonist. Anatabine dicitrate inhibits NF-κB activation lower amyloid-β (Aβ) production by preventing the β-cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP). Anatabine dicitrate has anti-inflammatory effects and has the potential for neurodegenerative disorders treatment.
  • HY-128704A6
    c-Kit-IN-3 L-tartrate

    c-Kit Cancer
    c-Kit-IN-3 L-tartrate (Compound 18) is a potent and selective c-KIT kinase inhibitor with an IC50s of 4 nM, 8 nM for c-KIT wt and c-KIT T670I, respectively. c-Kit-IN-3 L-tartrate displays great potencies against most of the gain-offunction mutations in the juxtamembrane domain, drugresistant mutations in the ATP binding pocket, and activation loops.
  • HY-133028
    CKI-7 free base

    Casein Kinase CDK SGK Ribosomal S6 Kinase (RSK) Cancer
    CKI-7 free base is a potent and ATP-competitive casein kinase 1 (CK1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 6 μM and a Ki of 8.5 μM. CKI-7 free base is a selective Cdc7 kinase inhibitor. CKI-7 free base also inhibits SGK, ribosomal S6 kinase-1 (S6K1) and mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase-1 (MSK1). CKI-7 free base has a much weaker effect on casein kinase II and other protein kinases.
  • HY-15036
    Diclofenac

    COX Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Diclofenac is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Diclofenac induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade.
  • HY-13422
    Zatebradine hydrochloride

    UL-FS-49; UL-FS-49CL

    HCN Channel Cardiovascular Disease
    Zatebradine (UL-FS-49 (free base)) is a potent inhibitor of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels with an IC50 values 1.96 µM. Zatebradine blocks the slow inward current through human HCN1, HCN2, HCN3 and HCN4 channels, with IC50 values of 1.83 µM, 2.21 µM, 1.90 µM and 1.88 µM, respectively.
  • HY-13650
    Indisulam

    E 7070

    Carbonic Anhydrase Cancer
    Indisulam (E 7070) is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with anticancer activity. Indisulam (E 7070) is a sulfonamide agent that targets the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Indisulam (E 7070) causes a blockade in the G1/S transition through inhibition of the activation of both CDK2 and cyclin E. Indisulam (E 7070) targets splicing by inducing RBM39 degradation via recruitment to DCAF15.
  • HY-15038
    Diclofenac potassium

    COX Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Diclofenac potassium is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Diclofenac potassium induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade.
  • HY-108464A
    Phenamil methanesulfonate

    Sodium Channel TRP Channel Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Phenamil methanesulfonate, an analog of Amiloride (HY-B0285), is a more potent and less reversible epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) blocker with an IC50 of 400 nM. Phenamil methanesulfonate is also a competive inhibitor of TRPP3 and inhibits TRPP3-mediated Ca 2+ transport with an IC50 of 140 nM in a Ca 2+ uptake assay. Phenamil methanesulfonate is an intriguing small molecule to promote bone repair by strongly activating BMP signaling pathway. Phenamil methanesulfonate is used for the research of cystic fibrosis lung disease.
  • HY-135581
    Raloxifene 6-glucuronide

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Endocrinology
    Raloxifene 6-glucuronide is a primary metabolite of Raloxifene. Raloxifene 6-glucuronide is mediated mostly by UGT1A1 and UGT1A8. Raloxifene 6-glucuronide binds to estrogen receptor with an IC50 of 290 μM. Raloxifene is a selective and nonsteroidal estrogen receptor modulator. Raloxifene activates TGFβ3 promoter as a full agonist at nanomolar concentrations, and inhibits the estrogen response element-containing vitellogenin promoter expression.
  • HY-120323
    DRI-C21045

    TNF Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    DRI-C21045 (compound 10) is a potent and selective inhibitor of the CD40-CD40L costimulatory protein-protein interaction (PPI) with an IC50 of 0.17 µM. DRI-C21045 shows concentration-dependent inhibition of the activation of NF-κB and B cell proliferation all induced by CD40L with IC50s of 17.1 µM and 4.5 µM, respectively.
  • HY-15036A
    Diclofenac diethylamine

    COX Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Diclofenac diethylamine is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Diclofenac diethylamine induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade.
  • HY-10626
    T0901317

    LXR FXR ROR Apoptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    T0901317 is an orally active and highly selective LXR agonist with an EC50 of 20 nM for LXRα. T0901317 activates FXR with an EC50 of 5 μM. T0901317 is RORα and RORγ dual inverse agonist with Ki values of 132 nM and 51 nM, respectively. T0901317 induces apoptosis and inhibits the development of atherosclerosis in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-deficient mice.
  • HY-15037
    Diclofenac Sodium

    GP 45840

    COX Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Diclofenac Sodium (GP 45840) is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Diclofenac Sodium induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade.
  • HY-103565
    AMN082

    mGluR Neurological Disease
    AMN082, a selective, orally active, and brain penetrant mGluR7 agonist, directly activates receptor signaling via an allosteric site in the transmembrane domain. AMN082 potently inhibits cAMP accumulation and stimulates GTPγS binding (EC50 values, 64-290 nM) at transfected mammalian cells expressing mGluR7. AMN082 shows selectivity over other mGluR subtypes and selected ionotropic glutamate receptors. Antidepressant effects.
  • HY-N2056
    11-​Keto-​beta-​boswellic acid

    11-Keto-β-boswellic acid

    Lipoxygenase Leukotriene Receptor NF-κB Cancer
    11-Keto-beta-boswellic acid (11-Keto-β-boswellic acid) is a pentacyclic triterpenic acid of the oleogum resin from the bark of the Boswellia serrate tree, popularly known as Indian Frankincense. 11-Keto-beta-boswellic acid has the anti-inflammatory activity is primarily due to inhibit 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) and subsequent leukotriene and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation and tumor necrosis factor alpha generation production.
  • HY-115463
    EB-3D

    AMPK Apoptosis Cancer
    EB-3D is a potent and selective choline kinase α (ChoKα) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 1 μM for ChoKα1. EB-3D exerts effects on ChoKα expression, AMPK activation, apoptosis, endoplasmic reticulum stress and lipid metabolism. EB-3D exhibits a potent antiproliferative activity in a panel of T-leukemia cell lines. Anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-101561
    Avapritinib

    BLU-285

    c-Kit PDGFR Cancer
    Avapritinib (BLU-285) is a highly potent, selective, and orally active KIT and PDGFRA activation loop mutant kinases inhibitor with IC50s of 0.27 and 0.24 nM for KIT D816V and PDGFRA D842V, respectively. Avapritinib (BLU-285) binds the active conformation of the kinase and shows antitumor activity. Avapritinib (BLU-285) attenuates the transport function of both ABCB1 and ABCG2.
  • HY-108471
    CU-CPT22

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Cancer
    CU-CPT22 is a potent protein complex of toll-like receptor 1 and 2 (TLR1/2) inhibitor, and competes with the synthetic triacylated lipoprotein (Pam3CSK4) binding to TLR1/2 with a Ki of 0.41 µM. CU-CPT22 blocks Pam3CSK4-induced TLR1/2 activation with an IC50 of 0.58 µM.
  • HY-N0619
    Mulberroside A

    TNF Receptor Interleukin Related Tyrosinase Inflammation/Immunology
    Mulberroside A is one of the main bioactive constituent in mulberry (Morus alba L.). Mulberroside A decreases the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 and inhibits the activation of NALP3, caspase-1, and NF-κB and the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, and p38, exhibiting anti-inflammatory antiapoptotic effects. Mulberroside A shows inhibitory activity against mushroom tyrosinase with an IC50 of 53.6 μM.
  • HY-135582
    Raloxifene 4'-glucuronide

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Endocrinology
    Raloxifene 4'-glucuronide is a primary metabolite of Raloxifene. Raloxifene 4'-glucuronide formation is mediated mostly by UGT1A10 and UGT1A8. Raloxifene 4'-glucuronide binds to estrogen receptor with an IC50 of 370 μM. . Raloxifene is a selective estrogen receptor modulator. Raloxifene activates TGFβ3 promoter as a full agonist at nanomolar concentrations, and inhibits the estrogen response element-containing vitellogenin promoter expression.
  • HY-N6002
    3'-Hydroxypterostilbene

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    3'-Hydroxypterostilbene, a natural pterostilbene analogue, effectively inhibits the growth of human colon cancer cells (IC50s of 9.0, 40.2, and 70.9 µM for COLO 205, HCT-116, and HT-29 cells, respectively) by inducing apoptosis and autophagy. 3'-Hydroxypterostilbene inhibits the PI3K/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K, and p38MAPK pathways and activates the ERK1/2, JNK1/2 MAPK pathways.
  • HY-121638A
    (5Z,2E)-CU-3

    Apoptosis Cancer
    (5Z,2E)-CU-3 is a potent and selective inhibitor against the α-isozyme of DGK with an IC50 value of 0.6 μM, competitively inhibits the affinity of DGKα for ATP with a Km value of 0.48 mM. (5Z,2E)-CU-3 targets the catalytic region, but not the regulatory region of DGKα. (5Z,2E)-CU-3 has antitumoral and proimmunogenic effects, enhances the apoptosis of cancer cells and the activation of T cells.
  • HY-136065A
    bpV(phen) hydrate

    PTEN Phosphatase Parasite Apoptosis Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    bpV(phen) hydrate is a potent protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) and PTEN inhibitor with IC50s of 38 nM, 343 nM and 920 nM for PTEN, PTP-β and PTP-1B, respectively. bpV(phen) hydrate inhibits proliferation of the protozoan parasite Leishmania in vitro. bpV(phen) hydrate strongly induces the secretion of a large number of chemokines and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and it activates a Th1-type pathway (IL-12, IFNγ). bpV(phen) hydrate can also induce cell apoptosis, and has anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-136065
    bpV(phen)

    PTEN Phosphatase Parasite Apoptosis Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    bpV(phen) is a potent protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) and PTEN inhibitor with IC50s of 38 nM, 343 nM and 920 nM for PTEN, PTP-β and PTP-1B, respectively. bpV(phen) inhibits proliferation of the protozoan parasite Leishmania in vitro. bpV(phen) strongly induces the secretion of a large number of chemokines and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and it activates a Th1-type pathway (IL-12, IFNγ). bpV(phen) can also induce cell apoptosis, and has anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-117937
    BC-1215

    Ligand for E3 Ligase Inflammation/Immunology
    BC-1215 is an inhibitor of F-box protein 3 (FBXO3, a ubiquitin E3 ligase component, IC50=0.9 μg/mL for IL-1β release). BC-1215 decreases Fbxo3-Fbxl2 interaction and prevents SCF Fbxo3 catalyzed Fbxl2 ubiquitination. BC-1215 inhibits the Fbxo3-TRAF activation pathway by destabilizing TRAF1–TRAF6. BC-1215, interacts with ApaG to profoundly inhibit secretion of a broad spectrum of TH1 panel cytokines from human PBMC.
  • HY-13422A
    Zatebradine

    UL-FS-49 free base; UL-FS-49CL free base

    HCN Channel Cardiovascular Disease
    Zatebradine (UL-FS-49 (free base); UL-FS-49CL (free base)) is a potent inhibitor of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels with an IC50 value of 1.96 µM. Zatebradine blocks the slow inward current through human HCN1, HCN2, HCN3 and HCN4 channels, with IC50 values of 1.83 µM, 2.21 µM, 1.90 µM and 1.88 µM, respectively.
  • HY-W014421
    AP-18

    TRP Channel Neurological Disease
    AP-18, a potent and selective TRPA1 inhibitor, blocks activation of TRPA1 by 50 μM Cinnamaldehyde with an IC50 of 3.1 μM and 4.5 μM for human and mouse TRPA1, respectively. AP-18 reverses complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in mice. AP-18 attenuated 30 μM AITC-induced Yo-Pro uptake in a concentration-dependent manner, with an IC50 of 10.3 μM.
  • HY-15342
    Timapiprant

    OC000459

    Prostaglandin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology Endocrinology
    Timapiprant (OC000459) is a potent, selective, and orally active D prostanoid receptor 2 (DP2, also known as CRTH2) antagonist. Timapiprant (OC000459) potently displaces [ 3H] PGD2 from human recombinant DP2 (Ki=13 nM), rat recombinant DP2 (Ki=3 nM), and human native DP2 (Ki=4 nM). Timapiprant (OC000459) inhibits mast cell activation of Th2 lymphocytes and eosinophils.
  • HY-B0075
    Melatonin

    N-Acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine

    Melatonin Receptor Autophagy Mitophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Melatonin is a hormone made by the pineal gland that can activates melatonin receptor. Melatonin plays a role in sleep and possesses important antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. Melatonin is a novel selective ATF-6 inhibitor and induces human hepatoma cell apoptosis through COX-2 downregulation. Melatonin attenuates palmitic acid-induced (HY-N0830) mouse granulosa cells apoptosis via endoplasmic reticulum stress.
  • HY-15342A
    Timapiprant sodium

    OC000459 sodium

    Prostaglandin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology Endocrinology
    Timapiprant sodium (OC000459 sodium) is a potent, selective, and orally active D prostanoid receptor 2 (DP2, also known as CRTH2) antagonist. Timapiprant sodium (OC000459 sodium) potently displaces [ 3H] PGD2 from human recombinant DP2 (Ki=13 nM), rat recombinant DP2 (Ki=3 nM), and human native DP2 (Ki=4 nM). Timapiprant sodium (OC000459 sodium) inhibits mast cell activation of Th2 lymphocytes and eosinophils.
  • HY-19357
    E3330

    APX-3330

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    E3330 (APX-3330) is a direct, orally active and selective AP endonuclease 1 (APE1; REF-1) inhibitor, which suppresses NF-κB DNA-binding activity. E3330 (APX-3330) blocks TNF-α-induced activation of IL-8 production in liver cancer cell lines. E3330 (APX-3330) shows anticancer properties, such as inhibition of cancer cell growth and migration.
  • HY-13285
    Ki16425

    Debio 0719

    LPL Receptor Neurological Disease Cancer
    Ki16425 (Debio 0719) is a subtype-selective, competitive antagonist of the EDG-family receptors, LPA1 and LPA3 with Kis of 0.34 μM and 0.93 μM, respectively. Ki16425 (Debio 0719) reduces the LPA-induced activation of p42/p44 MAPK. Ki16425 also can inhibits LPA-induced dephosphorylation of Yes-associated protein (YAP)/TAZ in HEK293A cells.
  • HY-19618
    BRD3308

    HDAC HIV Infection Metabolic Disease
    BRD3308 is a highly selective HDAC3 inhibitor with an IC50 of 54 nM. BRD3308 is 23-fold selectivity for HDAC3 over HDAC1 (IC50 of 1.26 μM) or HDAC2 (IC50 of 1.34 μM). BRD3308 suppresses pancreatic β-cell apoptosis induced by inflammatory cytokines or glucolipotoxic stress, and increases functional insulin release. BRD3308 activates HIV-1 transcription and disrupts HIV-1 latency.
  • HY-18676
    OSU-T315

    Integrin Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    OSU-T315 (ILK-IN-1) is a small Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.6 μM, inhibiting PI3K/AKT signaling by dephosphorylation of AKT-Ser473 and other ILK targets (GSK-3β and myosin light chain). OSU-T315 abrogates AKT activation by impeding AKT localization in lipid rafts and triggers caspase-dependent apoptosis in an ILK-independent manner. OSU-T315 causes cell death through apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-108543
    NSC 95397

    Phosphatase Apoptosis Cancer
    NSC 95397 is a potent, selective Cdc25 dual specificity phosphatase inhibitor (Ki=32 nM (Cdc25A), 96 nM (Cdc25B), 40 nM (Cdc25C); IC50=22.3 nM (human Cdc25A), 56.9 nM (human Cdc25C), 125 nM (Cdc25B)). NSC 95397 inhibits mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) and suppresses proliferation and induces apoptosis in colon cancer cells through MKP-1 and ERK1/2 pathway.
  • HY-113960
    ERRα antagonist-1

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Cancer
    ERRα antagonist-1 (Compound A) is a selective and high affinity estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) antagonist. ERRα antagonist-1 inhibits interaction of ERRα with Proliferator-activated Receptor γ Coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) and PGC-1β, the IC50 values are 170 nM and 180 nM, respectively. ERRα antagonist-1 does not inhibit the interaction of either ERRβ or ERRγ with PGC-1α and PGC-1β coactivator, and also does not inhibit interaction of ERα or ERβ with PGC-1α or SRC-1.
  • HY-135809
    A2764 dihydrochloride

    Potassium Channel Neurological Disease
    A2764 dihydrochloride is a highly selective inhibitor of TRESK (TWIK-related spinal cord K + channel, K2P18.1), which has moderate inhibitory effects on TREK-1 and TALK-1. A2764 dihydrochloride is more sensitive to the activated mTRESK channels (IC50=6.8 μM) than the basal current. A2764 dihydrochloride can lead to cell depolarization and increased excitability in native cells, it has the potential for probing the role of TRESK channel in migraine and nociception.
  • HY-16705
    BRD4770

    Histone Methyltransferase Cancer
    BRD4770 is a histone methyltransferase G9a inhibitor. BRD4770 reduces di- and trimethylation of lysine 9 on histone H3 (H3K9) with an EC50 of 5 µM, and has less or little effect toward H3K27me3, H3K36me3, H3K4me3, and H3K79me3. BRD4770 can activate the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) pathway and induce cell senescence.
  • HY-108556A
    RWJ-56110 dihydrochloride

    Protease-Activated Receptor (PAR) Apoptosis Cardiovascular Disease
    RWJ-56110 dihydrochloride is a potent, selective, peptide-mimetic inhibitor of PAR-1 activation and internalization (binding IC50=0.44 uM) and shows no effect on PAR-2, PAR-3, or PAR-4. RWJ-56110 dihydrochloride inhibits the aggregation of human platelets induced by both SFLLRN-NH2 (IC50=0.16 μM) and thrombin (IC50=0.34 μM), quite selective relative to U46619 (HY-108566). RWJ-56110 dihydrochloride blocks angiogenesis and blocks the formation of new vessels in vivo. RWJ-56110 dihydrochloride induces cell apoptosis.
  • HY-N0103A
    Sophocarpine monohydrate

    Autophagy Apoptosis PI3K Akt Influenza Virus Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Sophocarpine (monohydrate) is one of the significant alkaloid extracted from the traditional herb medicine Sophora flavescens which has many pharmacological properties such as anti-virus, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory. Sophocarpine (monohydrate) significantly inhibits the growth of gastric cancer (GC) cells through multiple mechanisms such as induction of autophagy, activation of cell apoptosis and down-regulation of cell survival PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Sophocarpine (monohydrate) has been demonstrated to have anti-tumor activity in various cancer cells, including hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
  • HY-10182B
    CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride

    CT99021 trihydrochloride

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride (CT99021 trihydrochloride) is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-10182
    CHIR-99021

    CT99021

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. CHIR-99021 shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. CHIR-99021 is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. CHIR-99021 enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. CHIR-99021 induces autophagy.
  • HY-N7676
    Marein

    AMPK HDAC Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Marein has the neuroprotective effect due to a reduction of damage to mitochondria function and activation of the AMPK signal pathway. Marein improves insulin resistance induced by high glucose in HepG2 cells through CaMKK/AMPK/GLUT1 to promote glucose uptake, through IRS/Akt/GSK-3β to increase glycogen synthesis, and through Akt/FoxO1 to decrease gluconeogenesis. Marein is a HDAC inhibitor with an IC50 of 100 µM. Marein has beneficial antioxidative, antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic and antidiabetic effects.
  • HY-12545
    Brevetoxin-3

    PbTx-3

    Sodium Channel Inflammation/Immunology
    Brevetoxin-3 (PbTx-3) is a potent allosteric voltage-gated Na + channel activator and has multiple active centers (A-ring lactone, C-42 of R side chain). Brevetoxin-3 (PbTx-3) has a high affinity to site 5 of the voltage-sensitive Na + channels, inhibits the inactivation of Na + channels and prolongs the mean open time of these channels. Brevetoxin-3 (PbTx-3) repeated exposures can lead to prolonged airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and lung inflammation.
  • HY-N0103
    Sophocarpine

    Autophagy Apoptosis PI3K Akt Influenza Virus Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Sophocarpine is one of the significant alkaloid extracted from the traditional herb medicine Sophora flavescens which has many pharmacological properties such as anti-virus, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory. Sophocarpine significantly inhibits the growth of gastric cancer (GC) cells through multiple mechanisms such as induction of autophagy, activation of cell apoptosis and down-regulation of cell survival PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Sophocarpine has been demonstrated to have anti-tumor activity in various cancer cells, including hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
  • HY-N0408
    Picroside II

    NF-κB Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Influenza Virus Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Picroside II, an iridoid compound extracted from Picrorhiza, exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic activities. picroside II alleviates the inflammatory response in sepsis and enhances immune function by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and NF-κB pathways. Picroside II is an antioxidant, exhibits a significant neuroprotective effect through reducing ROS production and protects the blood-brain barrier (BBB) after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (CI/R) injury. Picroside II has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immune regulatory, anti-virus and other pharmacological activities.
  • HY-19896
    COTI-2

    MDM-2/p53 Apoptosis Cancer
    COTI-2, an anti-cancer drug with low toxicity, is an orally available third generation activator of p53 mutant forms. COTI-2 acts both by reactivating mutant p53 and inhibiting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. COTI-2 induces apoptosis in multiple human tumor cell lines. COTI-2 exhibits antitumor activity in HNSCC through p53-dependent and -independent mechanisms. COTI-2 converts mutant p53 to wild-type conformation.
  • HY-N6818
    5,​7,​4'-​Trimethoxyflavone

    Apoptosis Caspase PARP Cancer
    5,7,4'-Trimethoxyflavone is isolated from Kaempferia parviflora (KP) that is a famous medicinal plant from Thailand. 5,7,4'-Trimethoxyflavone induces apoptosis, as evidenced by increments of sub-G1 phase, DNA fragmentation, annexin-V/PI staining, the Bax/Bcl-xL ratio, proteolytic activation of caspase-3, and degradation of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein.5,7,4'-Trimethoxyflavone is significantly effective at inhibiting proliferation of SNU-16 human gastric cancer cells in a concentration dependent manner.
  • HY-100008
    Peretinoin

    NIK333

    RAR/RXR SPHK Autophagy HCV Cancer Infection
    Peretinoin is an oral acyclic retinoid retinoid with a vitamin A-like structure that targets retinoid nuclear receptors such as retinoid X receptor (RXR) and retinoic acid receptor (RAR). Peretinoin reduces the mRNA level of sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1) in vitro by downregulating a transcription factor, Sp1. Peretinoin prevents the progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through activating the autophagy pathway by increased Atg16L1 expression. Peretinoin inhibits HCV RNA amplification and virus release by altering lipid metabolism with a EC50 of 9 μM.
  • HY-10182A
    CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride

    CT99021 monohydrochloride

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride (CT99021 monohydrochloride) is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-N0515
    Ophiopogonin D

    PPAR NF-κB Calcium Channel Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Ophiopogonin D, isolated from the tubers of Ophiopogon japonicus, is a rare naturally occurring C29 steroidal glycoside. Ophiopogonin D is a CYP2J3 inducer that significantly inhibits Ang II induced NF-κB nuclear translocation, IκBα down-regulation, intracellular Ca 2+ overload and activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines by increasing the expression of CYP2J2/EETs and PPARα in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Ophiopogonin D has been used to treat inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases for thousands of years.