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Pathways Recommended: Autophagy
Targets Recommended: Autophagy Chloride Channel Mitophagy

Results for "Amonium chloride autophagy Inhibitors" in MCE Product Catalog:

300

Inhibitors & Agonists

2

Screening Libraries

9

Dye Reagents

2

Biochemical Assay Reagents

2

Peptides

106

Natural
Products

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-U00439
    Protein kinase inhibitors 1

    DYRK Cancer
    Protein kinase inhibitors 1 is a novel inhibitor of HIPK2 with an IC50 of 74 nM and Kd of 9.5 nM.
  • HY-12048
    Chelerythrine chloride

    PKC Bcl-2 Family Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Chelerythrine chloride is a potent, cell-permeable inhibitor of protein kinase C, with an IC50 of 660 nM. Chelerythrine chloride inhibits the Bcl-XL-Bak BH3 peptide binding with IC50 of 1.5 μM and displaces Bax from Bcl-XL. Chelerythrine chloride induces apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-136064
    4,4'-Dimethoxychalcone

    Autophagy Metabolic Disease
    4,4'-Dimethoxychalcone, isolated from the plant Angelica keiskei koidzumi, acts as a natural autophagy inducer with anti-ageing properties.
  • HY-131344
    mTOR inhibitor-8

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    mTOR inhibitor-8 is an mTOR inhibitor and autophagy inducer. mTOR inhibitor-8 inhibits the activity of mTOR via FKBP12 and induces autophagy of A549 human lung cancer cells.
  • HY-B0795
    MHY1485

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    MHY1485 is a potent cell-permeable mTOR activator that targets the ATP domain of mTOR. MHY1485 inhibits autophagy by suppression of fusion between autophagosomes and lysosomes
  • HY-N1416
    Pogostone

    Bacterial Apoptosis Autophagy Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Pogostone is isolated from patchouli with anti-bacterial and anti-cancer activities. Pogostone inhibits both gram negative and gram positive bacteria, also show inhibitory effect on corynebacterium xerosis with a MIC value of 0.098 µg/ml . Pogostone induces cell apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-100973A
    Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium

    ADP ribose sodium

    TRP Channel Autophagy Endocrinology Metabolic Disease
    Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium (ADP ribose sodium) is a nicotinamide adenine nucleotide (NAD +) metabolite. Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium is the most potent and primary intracellular Ca 2+-permeable cation TRPM2 channel activator. Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium also can enhance autophagy.
  • HY-10219
    Rapamycin

    Sirolimus; AY-22989

    mTOR FKBP Fungal Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Antibiotic Cancer
    Rapamycin (Sirolimus; AY 22989) is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
  • HY-10219S
    Rapamycin-d3

    Sirolimus-d3; AY-22989-d3

    mTOR FKBP Autophagy Cancer
    Rapamycin-d3 (Sirolimus-d3) is the deuterium labeled Rapamycin. Rapamycin is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
  • HY-14374
    GPP78

    CAY10618

    Nampt Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    GPP78 (CAY10618) is a potent Nampt inhibitor with an IC50 of 3.0 nM for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) depletion. GPP78 is cytotoxic to neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y cells with an IC50 of 3.8 nM by inducing autophagy. GPP78 has anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects.
  • HY-13018
    MRT67307

    IKK ULK Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    MRT67307 is a dual inhibitor of the IKKε and TBK-1 with IC50s of 160 and 19 nM, respectively. MRT67307 also inhibits ULK1 and ULK2 with IC50s of 45 and 38 nM, respectively. MRT67307 also blocks autophagy in cells.
  • HY-13018A
    MRT67307 hydrochloride

    IKK ULK Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    MRT67307 hydrochloride is a dual inhibitor of the IKKε and TBK-1 with IC50s of 160 and 19 nM, respectively. MRT67307 hydrochloride also inhibits ULK1 and ULK2 with IC50s of 45 and 38 nM, respectively. MRT67307 hydrochloride also blocks autophagy in cells.
  • HY-W040265
    Fenamic acid

    N-Phenylanthranilic acid

    Chloride Channel Inflammation/Immunology
    Fenamic acid is a chloride channel blocker.
  • HY-N0052A
    Sanguinarine chloride

    Pseudochelerythrine chloride; Sanguinarium chloride

    Apoptosis Autophagy Bacterial Parasite Cancer
    Sanguinarine chloride, a benzophenanthridine alkaloid derived from the root of Sanguinaria Canadensis, can stimulate apoptosis via activating the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Sanguinarine-induced apoptosis is associated with the activation of JNK and NF-κB.
  • HY-N0535
    (+)-Magnoflorine chloride

    Magnoflorine chloride; α-Magnoflorine chloride; Thalictrine chloride

    Fungal Infection Metabolic Disease
    Magnoflorine chloride (Magnoflorine chloride), an aporphine alkaloid found in Acoruscalamus, reduces the formation of C. albicans biofilm. Magnoflorine chloride has anti-fungal, anti-antidiabetic and anti-oxidative activity.
  • HY-N0484
    Liensinine

    Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Liensinine is an autophagy/mitophagy inhibitor. Liensinine, a major isoquinoline alkaloid, extracted from the seed embryo of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn, has a wide range of biological activities, including anti-arrhythmias, anti-hypertension, anti-pulmonary fibrosis, relaxation on vascular smooth muscle, etc.
  • HY-B0282
    Acetylcholine chloride

    ACh chloride

    Calcium Channel Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease Cancer
    Acetylcholine chloride (ACh chloride) is a common neurotransmitter found in the central and peripheral nerve system.
  • HY-B2232
    Benzalkonium chloride

    Alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride

    Bacterial Infection
    Benzalkonium chloride is a potent anti-microbial agent, used as a preservative in eye drops.
  • HY-B2233
    Phosphorylcholine chloride

    Phosphocholine chloride

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Phosphorylcholine chloride (Phosphocholine chloride) is an antigenic cell-surface component found on many commensal and pathogenic bacteria that reside in the upper airway.
  • HY-135318
    NBDHEX

    Glutathione Peroxidase Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    NBDHEX is a potent glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) inhibitor. NBDHEX induces apoptosis of tumor cells. NBDHEX acts as an anticancer agent by inhibiting GSTs catalytic activity, avoiding inconvenience of the inhibitor extrusion from the cell by specific pumps and disrupting the interaction between the GSTP1-1 and key signaling effectors. NBDHEX can also act as late-phase autophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-B1453
    (±)-Carnitine chloride

    DL-Carnitine chloride

    Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Disease
    (±)-Carnitine chloride exists in two isomers, known as D and L. L-carnitine plays an essential role in the β-oxidation of fatty acids and also shows antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-B1200
    Pralidoxime chloride

    2-PAM chloride

    AChE Neurological Disease
    Pralidoxime chloride is a useful agent in the treatment of organophosphate poisoning.
  • HY-N2459
    Peonidin chloride

    YGM-6 chloride

    COX
    Peonidin chloride is an O-methylated anthocyanidin that functions as a primary plant pigment, endowing purplish-red hues to flowers such as the peony, from which it takes its name, as well as berries and vegetables. Peonidin chloride exhibits chemopreventive, as well as anti-inflammatory activities on cancer cells in vitro, blocking COX-2 expression and transformation in JB6 P+ mouse epidermal cells.
  • HY-N0674A
    Dehydrocorydaline chloride

    13-Methylpalmatine chloride

    Bcl-2 Family Caspase PARP p38 MAPK Parasite Autophagy Cancer Infection
    Dehydrocorydaline chloride (13-Methylpalmatine chloride) is an alkaloid isolated from traditional Chinese herb Corydalis yanhusuo W.T. Wang. Dehydrocorydaline regulates protein expression of Bax, Bcl-2; activates caspase-7, caspase-8, and inactivates PARP. Dehydrocorydaline chloride elevates p38 MAPK activation. Anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities.. Dehydrocorydaline chloride shows strong anti-malarial effects (IC50 =38 nM), and low cytotoxicity (cell viability > 90%) using P. falciparum 3D7 strain.
  • HY-105935
    Keracyanin chloride

    Cyanidin 3-rutinoside chloride; Cyanidin 3-O-rutinoside chloride; Sambucin chloride

    Others Others
    Keracyanin chloride (Cyanidin 3-rutinoside chloride), an anthocyanin, has antioxidant activity. Keracyanin chloride inhibits malonaldehyde formation in oxidized calf thymus DNA.
  • HY-131005
    Ehp inhibitor 2

    Ephrin Receptor Cancer
    Ehp inhibitor 2 is a Eph family tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
  • HY-125827
    13-Methylberberine chloride

    13-Methylberberinium chloride

    Others Cancer Metabolic Disease
    13-Methylberberine chloride (13-Methylberberinium chloride), a berberine analogue, has anti-adipogenic and antitumor activities. 13-Methylberberine chloride (13-Methylberberinium chloride) increases production of IL-12 and inhibits the expression of iNOS at posttranscriptional level in macrophages activated with LPS.
  • HY-B0406A
    Bethanechol chloride

    Carbamyl-β-methylcholine chloride

    mAChR Metabolic Disease
    Bethanechol Chloride (Carbamyl-β-methylcholine chloride) is a selective muscarinic receptor agonist without any effect on nicotinic receptors.
  • HY-A0083
    Methacholine chloride

    Acetyl-β-methylcholine chloride

    mAChR Others
    Methacholine chloride is a synthetic choline ester that acts as a non-selective muscarinic receptor agonist in the parasympathetic nervous system.
  • HY-B1289
    Cetylpyridinium chloride monohydrate

    Hexadecylpyridinium chloride monohydrate

    Bacterial Infection
    Cetylpyridinium chloride monohydrate is a cationic quaternary ammonium compound, used in some types of mouthwashes, toothpastes, throat and nasal sprays, is an antiseptic that kills bacteria and other microorganisms, effective in preventing dental plaque and reducing gingivitis.
  • HY-128443
    Benzyldimethylstearylammonium chloride

    Others Others
    Benzyldimethylstearylammonium chloride, a quarternary ammonium compound, exerts no selective embryopathic activity.
  • HY-129997
    Luteolinidin chloride

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Luteolinidin is a natural deoxyanthocyanidin, isolated from mosses and ferns. Luteolinidin is a potent CD38 inhibitor which can protect the heart against I/R injury with preservation of eNOS function and prevention of endothelial dysfunction in vivo.
  • HY-126397
    MnTBAP chloride

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    MnTBAP chloride is a superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic and peroxynitrite scavenger. MnTBAP chloride is a manganic porphyrin complex and has anti-oxidative property. MnTBAP chloride mediates anti-inflammatory effects through upregulation of BMPR-II and inhibition of the NFκB signaling. MnTBAP chloride has the potential for the fibrotic response in chronic kidney diseases (CKDs) research.
  • HY-B0267A
    Oxybutynin chloride

    mAChR Potassium Channel Neurological Disease
    Oxybutynin chloride is an anticholinergic agent, which inhibits vascular Kv channels in a concentration-dependent manner, with an IC50 of 11.51 μM.
  • HY-N0735
    Phellodendrine chloride

    Others Cancer
    Phellodendrine chloride is a plant alkaloid found in Phellodendron amurense. Phellodendrine chloride suppresses the proliferation of KRAS mutated pancreatic cancer cells through inhibition of nutrients uptake via macropinocytosis .
  • HY-101017
    Palmitoylcarnitine chloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Palmitoylcarnitine chloride is a fatty acid-derived mitochondrial substrate, and selectively decreases cell survival in colorectal and prostate cancer cells by affecting on pro-inflammatory pathways, Ca 2+ influx, and DHT-like effects.
  • HY-B0567
    Dequalinium Chloride

    Potassium Channel Infection
    Dequalinium Chloride is a selective blocker of apamin-sensitive K+ channels.
  • HY-N0498
    Nitidine chloride

    Parasite Apoptosis STAT Topoisomerase ERK FAK p38 MAPK NF-κB Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Nitidine chloride, a potential anti-malarial lead compound derived from Zanthoxylum nitidum (Roxb) DC, exerts potent anticancer activity through diverse pathways, including inducing apoptosis, inhibiting STAT3 signaling cascade, DNA topoisomerase 1 and 2A, ERK and c-Src/FAK associated signaling pathway. Nitidine chloride inhibits LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines production via MAPK and NF-kB pathway.
  • HY-B0461
    Trospium chloride

    mAChR Neurological Disease
    Trospium Chloride is a competitive muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonist.
  • HY-N3797A
    Echitamine chloride

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Echitamine chloride is the major monoterpene indole alkaloid present in Alstonia with potent anti-tumour activity. Echitamine chloride induces DNA fragmentation and cells apoptosis. Echitamine chloride inhibits pancreatic lipase with an IC50 of 10.92 µM.
  • HY-B1337
    Choline chloride

    Others Others
    Choline chloride is an organic compound and a quaternary ammonium salt, an acyl group acceptor and choline acetyltransferase substrate, also is an important additive in feed especially for chickens where it accelerates growth.
  • HY-N0740
    Jatrorrhizine chloride

    Others Neurological Disease
    Jatrorrhizine chloride is a potent and orally active uptake-2 transporter inhibitor, it can be isolated from various Chinese medicinal plants. Jatrorrhizine chloride exhibits a critical neuroprotective role in H2O2-induced apoptosis via inhibition of MAPK pathway in HT22 hippocampal neurons.
  • HY-W011370
    Pelargonidin chloride

    Reactive Oxygen Species Others
    Pelargonidin chloride is a scavenger of nitric oxide radical and has antioxidant activities.
  • HY-N0110
    Palmatine chloride

    Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase (IDO) Cancer
    Palmatine chloride is an orally active and irreversible indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO-1) inhibitor. Palmatine chloride can ameliorate DSS-induced colitis by mitigating colonic injury, preventing gut microbiota dysbiosis, and regulating tryptophan catabolism. Palmatine has the potential for colitis treatment.
  • HY-126410
    Petunidin chloride

    FAK
    Petunidin chloride is an O-methylated anthocyanidin derived from delphinidin that imparts blue-red pigments to flowers, fruits, and red wine. Petunidin chloride binds with and suppresses the activity of focal adhesion kinase and to inhibit platelet-derived growth factor-induced aortic smooth muscle cell migration, which may confer a protective effect against atherosclerosis.
  • HY-N0226A
    Epiberberine chloride

    AChE Beta-secretase Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Epiberberine chloride is an alkaloid isolated from Coptis chinensis, acts as a potent AChE and BChE inhibitor, and a non-competitive BACE1 inhibitor, with IC50s of 1.07, 6.03 and 8.55 μM, respectively. Epiberberine chloride has antioxidant activity, with peroxynitrite ONOO - scavenging effect (IC50, 16.83 μM), and may protect against Alzheimer disease. Epiberberine chloride inhibits the early stage of differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, downregulates the Raf/MEK1/2/ERK1/2 and AMPKα/Akt pathways. Epiberberine has the potential effect in the research of diabetic disease.
  • HY-U00337
    Datelliptium chloride

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    Datelliptium chloride is a DNA-intercalating agent derived from ellipticine, with anti-tumor activities.
  • HY-125850
    Berberrubine chloride

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Berberrubine chloride is an active metabolite of berberine, attenuates ulcerative colitis in mice model.
  • HY-B0942
    Benzethonium chloride

    nAChR Neurological Disease
    Benzethonium chloride inhibit human recombinant α7 and α4β2 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in Xenopus oocytes.
  • HY-N0736
    Coptisine chloride

    Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase (IDO) Bacterial Influenza Virus Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease
    Coptisine chloride is an alkaloid from Chinese goldthread, and acts as an efficient uncompetitive IDO inhibitor with a Ki value of 5.8 μM and an IC50 value of 6.3 μM. Coptisine chloride is a potent H1N1 neuraminidase (NA-1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 104.6 μg/mL and can be used for influenza A (H1N1) infection.
  • HY-B0882
    Edrophonium chloride

    AChE Neurological Disease
    Edrophonium chloride is a readily reversible acetylcholinesterase inhibitor; prevents breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and acts by competitively inhibiting the enzyme acetylcholinesterase, mainly at the neuromuscular junction.
  • HY-125740
    Malvidin-3-glucoside chloride

    Malvidin-3-O-glucoside chloride; Oenin chloride

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Malvidin-3-glucoside chloride (Malvidin-3-O-glucoside chloride), a major wine anthocyanin, is effective in promoting resilience against stress by modulating brain synaptic plasticity and peripheral inflammation.
  • HY-N4142
    Cyanidin-3-O-galactoside chloride

    Ideain chloride

    AChE Cardiovascular Disease
    Cyanidin-3-O-galactoside chloride (Ideain chloride) is a component from extract peel of hawthorn fruit (EPHF) with the value of 179.4 mg/g. EPHF exhibits strong AChE inhibitory activity.
  • HY-B1494
    Picrotoxinin

    Chloride Channel GABA Receptor Neurological Disease
    Picrotoxinin, a potent convulsant, is a chloride channel blocker. Picrotoxinin is a noncompetitive GABAA receptor antagonist, which negatively modulates the action of GABA on GABAA receptors.
  • HY-121879
    SHP836

    Phosphatase Cancer
    SHP836 is a SHP2 allosteric inhibitor, with an IC50 of 12 μM for the full length SHP2.
  • HY-125197
    BRD5631

    Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology
    BRD5631 is an autophagy enhancer, enhances autophagy through an mTOR-independent pathway. BRD5631 affects several cellular disease phenotypes previously linked to autophagy, including protein aggregation, cell survival, bacterial replication, and inflammatory cytokine production.
  • HY-18258
    Berberine chloride

    Natural Yellow 18 chloride

    Topoisomerase Autophagy Bacterial Reactive Oxygen Species Antibiotic Cancer
    Berberine chloride is an alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herbal medicine Huanglian, as an antibiotic. Berberine chloride induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and inhibits DNA topoisomerase. Antineoplastic properties.
  • HY-N0640
    Kuromanin chloride

    Chrysontemin; Cyanidin 3-O-glucoside chloride

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Kuromanin (chloride), extracted from mulberry leaves, has been shown to improve blood glucose concentrations and lipid homeostasis and to reduce obesity.
  • HY-19121A
    TCV-309 chloride

    Others Cancer
    TCV-309 (chloride) is a platelet activating factor (PAF) antagonist.
  • HY-128384
    Benzyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride dihydrate

    Bacterial Infection
    Benzyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride dihydrate is a quaternary ammonium compound (QAC) and can be used as a biocide to target antibiotic-resistant bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), multidrug-resistant (MDR) P. aeruginosa et. al. Benzyldodecyldimethylammonium chloride dihydrate, an antimicrobial agent, bacteriostatic or bactericidal properties depending on the concentration.
  • HY-136142
    Prasugrel chloride impurity

    Others Others
    Prasugrel chloride impurity is a catp impurity of Prasugrel, exacted from patent US20130345428A1, line 0053. Prasugrel is an orally active and potent P2Y12 receptor antagonist, and inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation.
  • HY-123033A
    Nicotinamide riboside chloride

    Sirtuin Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Nicotinamide riboside Chloride, an orally active NAD + precursor, increases NAD + levels and activates SIRT1 and SIRT3. Nicotinamide riboside Chloride is a source of vitamin B3 (niacin) and enhances oxidative metabolism, protection against high fat diet-induced metabolic abnormalities. Nicotinamide riboside Chloride reduces cognitive deterioration in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-100965
    Diphenyleneiodonium chloride

    DPI

    TRP Channel NADPH Oxidase Reactive Oxygen Species Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Diphenyleneiodonium chloride is a NADPH oxidase (NOX) inhibitor and also functions as a TRPA1 activator with an EC50 of 1 to 3 μM. Diphenyleneiodonium chloride selectively inhibits intracellular reactive oxygen species.
  • HY-108505
    QX-314 chloride

    Sodium Channel Neurological Disease
    QX-314 chloride is a membrane-impermeable permanently charged sodium channel blocker.
  • HY-19424
    Hemin

    Hemin chloride

    Autophagy Mitophagy Ferroptosis Cardiovascular Disease
    Hemin is an iron-containing porphyrin. Hemin is an Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 inducer.
  • HY-101920
    Autophinib

    Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    Autophinib is a potent, selective autophagy inhibitor with IC50s of 90 nM and 40 nM for starvation- and Rapamycin-induced autophagy, respectively. Autophinib is also an ATP competitive Vacuolar Protein Sorting 34 (VPS34) inhibitor with an IC50 of 19 nM. Autophinib inhibits autophagy induced by starvation or Rapamycin by targeting VPS34.
  • HY-125465
    SLLN-15

    Autophagy Cancer
    SLLN-15 is an oral active, selective and potent enhancer of autophagy that activates cytostatic macroautophagy/autophagy in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC).
  • HY-103706
    ROC-325

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    ROC-325 is a novel inhibitor of autophagy.
  • HY-N0221
    Daurisoline

    (R,R)-Daurisoline

    Autophagy Potassium Channel Cancer
    Daurisoline is a hERG inhibitor and also an autophagy blocker.
  • HY-112754A
    DOTAP chloride

    1,2-Dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane chloride

    Others Others
    DOTAP chloride is a useful and effective cationic lipid for transient and stable transfection DNA (plasmids, bacmids) and modified nucleic acids (antisense oligonucleotides) with out the use of helper lipid.
  • HY-17394
    Cisplatin

    CDDP; cis-Diaminodichloroplatinum

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Ferroptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Cisplatin (CDDP) is an antineoplastic chemotherapy agent by cross-linking with DNA and causing DNA damage in cancer cells. Cisplatin activates ferroptosis and induces autophagy.
  • HY-N0824
    Syringin

    Eleutheroside B

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Syringin is a main bioactive phenolic glycoside in Acanthopanax senticosus, with anti-osteoporosis activity. Syringin prevents cardiac hypertrophy induced by pressure overload through the attenuation of autophagy.
  • HY-19373
    RWJ-445167

    3DP-10017

    Thrombin Factor Xa Cardiovascular Disease
    RWJ-445167 (3DP-10017) is a dual inhibitor of thrombin and factor Xa with Ki of 4.0 nM and 230 nM, respectively, exhibiting potent antithrombotic activity.
  • HY-16787
    ICA-121431

    Sodium Channel Cardiovascular Disease
    ICA-121431 is a nanomolar potent and broad-spectrum voltage-gated sodium channel (Nav) blocker, shows equipotent selectivity for human Nav1.1 and Nav1.3 subtypes with IC50 values of 13 nM and 23 nM, respectively. ICA-121431 shows less potent inhibition of Nav1.2 (IC50=240 nM) and 1,000 fold selectivity against Nav1.4, Nav1.6, and the TTX-resistant human Nav1.5 and Nav1.8 channels (IC50s >10 µM).
  • HY-N2527
    Sanshool

    Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology
    Sanshool is a major component in Zanthoxylum bungeanum. Sanshool improves UVB-induced skin photodamage by targeting JAK2/STAT3-dependent autophagy.
  • HY-17471A
    Metformin hydrochloride

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin hydrochloride (1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride) inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin hydrochloride triggers autophagy.
  • HY-N7404
    Nε,Nε,Nε-Trimethyllysine chloride

    Ne-(Trimethyl)-L-lysine chloride; H-Lys(Me)3-OH chloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Nε,Nε,Nε-Trimethyllysine chloride serves as a precursor for gut flora-dependent formation of N,N,N-trimethyl-5-aminovaleric acid (TMAVA).
  • HY-112483
    QX77

    Autophagy Cancer
    QX77 is a chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) activator.
  • HY-17577
    Berberine chloride hydrate

    Natural Yellow 18 chloride hydrate

    Topoisomerase Autophagy Bacterial Reactive Oxygen Species Antibiotic Cancer
    Berberine chloride hydrate (Natural Yellow 18 chloride hydrate) is an alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herbal medicine Huanglian, as an antibiotic. Berberine chloride hydrate induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and inhibits DNA topoisomerase. Antineoplastic properties.
  • HY-B0015
    Paclitaxel

    Microtubule/Tubulin ADC Cytotoxin Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Paclitaxel (Taxol) is a naturally occurring antineoplastic agent and stabilizes tubulin polymerization. Paclitaxel can cause both mitotic arrest and apoptotic cell death. Paclitaxel also induces autophagy.
  • HY-110228
    Metformin D6 hydrochloride

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide D6 hydrochloride

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin D6 hydrochloride is a deuterium labeled Metformin hydrochloride. Metformin hydrochloride inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin hydrochloride triggers autophagy.
  • HY-15531
    Venetoclax

    ABT-199; GDC-0199

    Bcl-2 Family Autophagy Cancer
    Venetoclax (ABT-199; GDC-0199) is a highly potent, selective and orally bioavailable Bcl-2 inhibitor with a Ki of less than 0.01 nM. Venetoclax induces autophagy.
  • HY-12222
    Obeticholic acid

    INT-747; 6-ECDCA; 6-Ethylchenodeoxycholic acid

    FXR Autophagy Others
    Obeticholic acid (INT-747) is a potent, selective and orally active FXR agonist with an EC50 of 99 nM. Obeticholic acid has anticholeretic and anti-inflammation effect. Obeticholic acid also induces autophagy.
  • HY-131125
    trans-4-Nitrocinnamoyl chloride

    Others Others
    trans-4-Nitrocinnamoyl chloride is used as derivatization reagent.
  • HY-N0739
    Betaine hydrochloride

    Betaine chloride

    Others Others
    Betaine hydrochloride is a natural compound found in many foods and also an active methyl-donor which can maintain normal DNA methylation patterns.
  • HY-128742
    Thiamine monophosphate chloride (dihydrate)

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Thiamine monophosphate chloride (dihydrate) is an endogenous metabolite.
  • HY-125901
    D-Tubocurarine chloride pentahydrate

    nAChR Neurological Disease
    D-Tubocurarine chloride pentahydrate is the chloride salt form of Tubocurarine, a nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChR) antagonist, and can be used as a skeletal muscle relaxant during surgery or mechanical ventilation. D-Tubocurarine chloride pentahydrate is also a potent neuromuscular blocking agent.
  • HY-106024B
    Alagebrium chloride

    ALT711

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Alagebrium chloride is an advanced glycation end product (AGE) inhibitor.
  • HY-N0415
    Trigonelline chloride

    Trigonelline hydrochloride

    HSV Bacterial Fungal Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease
    Trigonelline chloride, an alkaloid with potential antidiabetic activity, is present in considerable amounts in coffee. Trigonelline chloride has anti-HSV-1 , antibacterial, and antifungal activities.
  • HY-N6655
    DL-Methionine methylsulfonium chloride

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    DL-methionine methylsulfonium chloride is a naturally occurring methionine derivative. DL-methionine methylsulfonium chloride protects gastric mucosal from ethanol-induced damage.
  • HY-U00181
    Fludazonium chloride

    R23633

    Fungal Infection
    Fludazonium chloride (R23633) is an anti-fungal agent, which can be used in the treatment and prevention of superficial and systemic fungal infections.
  • HY-12795
    Vps34-IN-1

    PI3K Autophagy Cancer
    Vps34-IN-1 is an inhibitor of Vps34 extracted from patent WO2012085815A1, compound example 16a, with an IC50 of 4 nM. Vps34-IN-1 modulates autophagy.
  • HY-13629
    Etoposide

    VP-16; VP-16-213

    Topoisomerase Autophagy Mitophagy Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Etoposide (VP-16; VP-16-213) is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Etoposide inhibits topoisomerase II, thus stopping DNA replication. Etoposide induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-U00439A
    Protein kinase inhibitors 1 hydrochloride

    (E)-5-((2-Oxo-6'-(piperazin-1-yl)-1,2-dihydro-[3,3'-bipyridin]-5-yl)methylene)thiazolidine-2,4-dione hydrochloride

    DYRK Cancer
    Protein kinase inhibitors 1 hydrochloride is a potent HIPK2 inhibitor, with IC50s of 136 and 74 nM for HIPK1 and HIPK2, and a Kd of 9.5 nM for HIPK2.
  • HY-U00434
    3BDO

    mTOR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    3BDO is a new mTOR activator which can also inhibit autophagy.
  • HY-124726
    Aumitin

    Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    Aumitin is a diaminopyrimidine-based autophagy inhibitor which inhibits mitochondrial respiration by targeting complex I. Aumitin inhibits starvation- and rapamycin induced autophagy dose dependently with IC50s of 0.12 μM and 0.24 μM, respectively.
  • HY-N4180
    Pennogenin 3-O-beta-chacotrioside

    Autophagy Cancer
    Pennogenin 3-O-beta-chacotrioside is an active component isolated from Paris polyphylla, modulates autophagy via increasing the expressions of autophagy-related proteins LC3 and Beclin-1. Anti-colorectal cancer activity.
  • HY-B0627
    Metformin

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin (1,1-Dimethylbiguanide) inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin can cross the blood-brain barrier and triggers autophagy.
  • HY-N2531
    Notoginsenoside Fc

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Notoginsenoside Fc, a protopanaxadiol- (PPD-) type saponin isolated from the leaves of Panax notoginseng, effectively counteracts platelet aggregation. Notoginsenoside Fc can accelerate reendothelialization following vascular injury in diabetic rats by promoting autophagy.
  • HY-P2260
    Tat-beclin 1

    Autophagy HIV Infection
    Tat-beclin 1, a peptide derived from a region of the autophagy protein (beclin 1), is a potent inducer of autophagy and interacts with negative regulator of autophagy, GAPR-1 (GLIPR2). Tat-beclin 1 decreases the accumulation of polyglutamine expansion protein aggregates and the replication of several pathogens (including HIV-1) in vitro, and reduces mortality in mice infected with chikungunya (CHIKV) or West Nile virus (WNV).
  • HY-W012037
    8-Hydroxyquinoline hemisulfate

    8-Quinolinol hemisulfate

    Bacterial Antibiotic Infection
    8-Hydroxyquinoline hemisulfate (8-Quinolinol hemisulfate) is a monoprotic bidentate chelating agent, exhibits antiseptic, disinfectant, and pesticide properties, functioning as a transcription inhibitor.
  • HY-13418
    Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride

    Compound C dihydrochloride; BML-275 dihydrochloride

    AMPK TGF-β Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride (BML-275 dihydrochloride; Compound C dihydrochloride) is a potent, selective and ATP-competitive AMPK inhibitor, with a Ki of 109 nM. Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride inhibits BMP pathway by targeting the type I receptors ALK2, ALK3, and ALK6. Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-13418A
    Dorsomorphin

    Compound C; BML-275

    AMPK TGF-β Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    Dorsomorphin (Compound C) is a selective and ATP-competitive AMPK inhibitor (Ki=109 nM in the absence of AMP). Dorsomorphin (BML-275) selectively inhibits BMP type I receptors ALK2, ALK3, and ALK6. Dorsomorphin induces autophagy.
  • HY-P2260A
    Tat-beclin 1 TFA

    Autophagy HIV Infection
    Tat-beclin 1 TFA, a peptide derived from a region of the autophagy protein (beclin 1), is a potent inducer of autophagy and interacts with negative regulator of autophagy, GAPR-1 (GLIPR2). Tat-beclin 1 TFA decreases the accumulation of polyglutamine expansion protein aggregates and the replication of several pathogens (including HIV-1) in vitro, and reduces mortality in mice infected with chikungunya (CHIKV) or West Nile virus (WNV).
  • HY-13030
    (+)-JQ-1

    JQ1

    Epigenetic Reader Domain Autophagy Ligand for Target Protein for PROTAC Cancer
    (+)-JQ-1 (JQ1) is a potent, specific, and reversible BET bromodomain inhibitor, with IC50s of 77 and 33 nM for the first and second bromodomain (BRD4(1/2)). (+)-JQ-1 also activates autophagy.
  • HY-12057
    Vemurafenib

    PLX4032; RG7204; RO5185426

    Raf Autophagy Cancer
    Vemurafenib (PLX4032) is a first-in-class, selective, potent inhibitor of B-RAF kinase, with IC50s of 31 and 48 nM for RAF V600E and c-RAF-1, respectively. Vemurafenib induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-10358
    MK-2206 dihydrochloride

    MK-2206 (2HCl)

    Akt Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    MK-2206 dihydrochloride (MK-2206 (2HCl)) is an orally active allosteric AKT inhibitor with IC50s of 5 nM, 12 nM, and 65 nM for AKT1, AKT2, and AKT3, respectively. MK-2206 dihydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-140505
    m-PEG3-Propanoyl chloride

    PROTAC Linker Cancer
    m-PEG3-Propanoyl chloride is a PEG-based PROTAC linker that can be used in the synthesis of PROTACs.
  • HY-D0004
    Azure B

    Azure B chloride

    Monoamine Oxidase Neurological Disease
    Azure B is a cationic dye and the major metabolite of Methylene blue. Azure B is used in making Azure eosin stains for blood smear staining. Azure B is a high-potency, selective and reversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidases (MAO)-A, with IC50s of 11 and 968 nM for recombinant human MAO-A and MAO-B, respectively. Azure B possesses significant antidepressant-like effects.
  • HY-N5005
    Guanfu base H

    Atisinium chloride

    Parasite Infection
    Guanfu base H (Atisinium chloride) is a diterpenoid alkaloid isolated from Aconitum coreanum and has antiplasmodial activity against the malarial Plasmodium falciparum strains TM4/8.2 (wild type) and K1CB1 with IC50 values of 4 μM and 3.6 μM, respectively.
  • HY-W011249
    Phosphorylcholine chloride calcium salt tetrahydrate

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Phosphorylcholine chloride calcium salt tetrahydrate is an endogenous metabolite.
  • HY-18672
    SMER18

    Autophagy Cancer
    SMER18 is a small molecule enhancer of rapamycin which act as a mTOR-independent autophagy inducer.
  • HY-100596
    AS1842856

    Autophagy Metabolic Disease
    AS1842856, a specific Foxo1 inhibitor (IC50=30 nM), potently suppresses autophagy. AS1842856 inhibits FoxO1 activity by suppressing the expression of SIRT1. AS1842856 only reduces the activity of FoxO1 by binding with it, without affecting its transcription and protein expression.
  • HY-10586
    5-Azacytidine

    Azacitidine; 5-AzaC; Ladakamycin

    Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog DNA Methyltransferase Bacterial Autophagy Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    5-Azacytidine (Azacitidine; 5-AzaC; Ladakamycin) is a nucleoside analogue of cytidine that specifically inhibits DNA methylation. 5-Azacytidine is incorporated into DNA to covalently trap DNA methyltransferases and contributes to reverse epigenetic changes. 5-Azacytidine induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-135813
    LtaS-IN-1

    Bacterial Infection
    LtaS-IN-1 (compound 1771) is a potent small-molecule inhibitor of Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) synthesis in multidrug-resistant (MDR) E. faecium and by altering the cell wall morphology. LtaS-IN-1 alone inhibits Enterococcus.spp 28 strains with varying MIC values ranging from 0.5 μg/mL to 64 μg/mL. LtaS-IN-1 combination with antibiotics abolishs multidrug-resistant E. faecium growth almost completely.
  • HY-125957
    A-3 hydrochloride

    PKA Casein Kinase CaMK PKC Others
    A-3 hydrochloride is a potent, cell-permeable, reversible, ATP-competitive non-selective antagonist of various kinases. It against PKA (Ki=4.3 µM), casein kinase II (Ki=5.1 µM) and myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) (Ki=7.4 µM). A-3 hydrochloride also inhibits PKC and casein kinase I with Ki values of 47 µM and 80 µM, respectively.
  • HY-112914
    mTOR inhibitor-1

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    mTOR inhibitor-1 is a novel mTOR pathway inhibitor which can suppress cells proliferation and inducing autophagy.
  • HY-B0146
    Verteporfin

    CL 318952

    YAP Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Verteporfin (CL 318952) is a photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy to eliminate the abnormal blood vessels in the eye associated with conditions such as age-related macular degeneration. Verteporfin is a YAP inhibitor which disrupts YAP-TEAD interactions. Verteporfin induces cell apoptosis. Verteporfinis an autophagy inhibitor that blocks autophagy at an early stage by inhibiting autophagosome formation.
  • HY-112698
    CA-5f

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    CA-5f is a potent late-stage macroautophagy/autophagy inhibitor via inhibiting autophagosome-lysosome fusion. CA-5f increases LC3B-II (a marker to monitor autophagy) and SQSTM1 protein, and also increases ROS production. Anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-N0817
    Polyphyllin G

    Apoptosis Autophagy Bacterial Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Polyphyllin G is isolated from the rhizomes of Paris yunnanensis, with antimicrobial and anticancer activity. Polyphyllin G prevents the growth of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). Polyphyllin G induces apoptosis dependent on the activations of caspase-8, -3, and -9, induces autophagy.
  • HY-12661A
    AMG PERK 44

    PERK Autophagy Cancer
    AMG PERK 44 is an orally active and highly selective PERK inhibitor with an IC50 of 6 nM. AMG PERK 44 has 1000-fold and 160-fold selectivity over GCN2 (IC50=7300 nM) and B-Raf (IC50 >1000 nM), respectively. AMG PERK 44 induces autophagy.
  • HY-17371
    Oxaliplatin

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Autophagy Cancer
    Oxaliplatin is a DNA synthesis inhibitor. Oxaliplatin causes DNA crosslinking damage, prevents DNA replication and transcription and causes cell death. Oxaliplatin time-dependently inhibits human melanoma cell lines C32 and G361 with IC50 values of 0.98 μM and 0.14 μM, respectively. Oxaliplatin induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-B0178A
    Guanidine hydrochloride

    Guanidinium chloride; Aminoformamidine Hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Guanidine hydrochloride, the crystalline compound of strong alkalinity formed by the oxidation of guanine, is a normal product of protein metabolism and a protein denaturant.
  • HY-14886
    Fasitibant chloride

    MEN16132 free base

    Bradykinin Receptor Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Fasitibant chloride (MEN16132 free base) is a potent and selective nonpeptide bradykinin B2 receptor (B2R) antagonist. Fasitibant chloride reduces joint pain and diminishes joint oedema in Carrageenan-induced arthritis rat model.
  • HY-N0499
    Cyanidin Chloride

    IdB 1027

    Others Cancer
    Cyanidin Chloride (IdB 1027), a subclass of anthocyanin, displays antioxidant and anti-carcinogenesis properties. Cyanidin Chloride (IdB 1027) inhibits osteoclast formation, hydroxyapatite resorption, and receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast marker gene expression.
  • HY-103319
    Calmidazolium chloride

    R 24571

    CaMK Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    Calmidazolium chloride (R 24571) is a calmodulin (CaMK) antagonist, antagonizing CaM-dependent phosphodiesterase and calmodulin-induced activation of erythrocyte Ca2+-transporting ATPase with IC50s of 0.15 and 0.35 μM, respectively. Also in anti-cancer research. Calmidazolium binds to CaMK with a Kd of 3 nM.
  • HY-122404
    Xantocillin

    MEK ERK Autophagy Cancer
    Xanthocillin is a marine agent extracted from Penicillium commune, induces autophagy through inhibition of the MEK/ERK pathway.
  • HY-100200
    SMER28

    Autophagy Cancer
    SMER28 is a positive regulator of autophagy acting via an mTOR-independent mechanism. SMER28 prevents the accumulation of amyloid beta peptide.
  • HY-N6939
    Pseudolaric Acid B

    HBV Fungal Apoptosis Autophagy Ferroptosis Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Pseudolaric Acid B is a diterpene isolated from the root of Pseudolarix kaempferi Gorden (pinaceae), has anti-cancer, antifungal, and antifertile activities, and shows immunosuppressive activity on T lymphocytes. Pseudolaric Acid B inhibits hepatitis B virus (HBV) secretion through apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Pseudolaric Acid B induces autophagy.
  • HY-123056
    EAD1

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    EAD1 is a potent autophagy inhibitor with antiproliferative activity in lung and pancreatic cancer cells. EAD1 also induces apoptosis.
  • HY-15184
    Elaiophylin

    Azalomycin B; Gopalamicin; Efomycin E

    Autophagy Cancer
    Elaiophylin (Azalomycin B; Gopalamicin; Efomycin E) is an autophagy inhibitor, exerts antitumor activity as a single agent in ovarian cancer cells.
  • HY-70002
    Enzalutamide

    MDV3100

    Androgen Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    Enzalutamide (MDV3100) is an androgen receptor (AR) antagonist with an IC50 of 36 nM in LNCaP prostate cells. Enzalutamide is an autophagy activator.
  • HY-112897
    IITZ-01

    Autophagy PI3K Apoptosis Cancer
    IITZ-01 is a potent lysosomotropic autophagy inhibitor with single-agent antitumor activity, with an IC50 of 2.62 μM for PI3Kγ.
  • HY-B2078A
    Eprazinone dihydrochloride

    Neurokinin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    Eprazinone dihydrochloride is a gent with mucolytic, secretolytic, antitussive, and bronchial antispasmodic properties. Eprazinone dihydrochloride is a neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R) ligand. Eprazinone dihydrochloride has the potential for chronic bronchitis treatment that improved pulmonary function and arterial partial pressure of oxygen.
  • HY-129622
    NH2-PEG5-C6-Cl

    PROTAC Linker Cancer
    NH2-PEG5-C6-Cl (K-7) is a PROTAC linker, which refers to the PEG composition. NH2-PEG5-C6-Cl can be used in the synthesis of a series of PROTACs, and it induces degradation of intracellular molecules by autophagy.
  • HY-101918
    DS-1040 Tosylate

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    DS-1040 Tosylate is an orally active, selective inhibitor of activated thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFIa) with IC50s of 5.92 nM and 8.01 nM for human and rat TAFIa. DS-1040 Tosylate is a fibrinolysis enhancer for thromboembolic diseases.
  • HY-18728
    STF-31

    GLUT Autophagy Cancer
    STF-31 is a selective inhibitor of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), with an IC50 of 1μM[1][2].
  • HY-N0901
    Corynoxine

    Autophagy Cancer
    Corynoxine is an enantiomer of Corynoxine B; induces autophagy in different neuronal cell lines, including N2a and SHSY-5Y cells.
  • HY-111621
    DC661

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    DC661 is a potent palmitoyl-protein thioesterase 1 (PPT1) inhibitor, inhibits autophagy, and acts as an anti-lysosomal agent. Anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-15142
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride

    Hydroxydaunorubicin hydrochloride

    Topoisomerase ADC Cytotoxin AMPK Autophagy Apoptosis HIV HBV Mitophagy Bacterial Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride (Hydroxydaunorubicin hydrochloride), a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic, is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Doxorubicin hydrochloride inhibits topoisomerase II with an IC50 of 2.67 μM, thus stopping DNA replication. Doxorubicin hydrochloride reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK and its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Doxorubicin hydrochloride induces apoptosis and autophagy. Doxorubicin hydrochloride inhibits human DNA topoisomerase I with an IC50 of 0.8 μM.
  • HY-10115
    PI-103

    PI3K mTOR DNA-PK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    PI-103 is a potent PI3K and mTOR inhibitor with IC50s of 8 nM, 88 nM, 48 nM, 150 nM, 20 nM, and 83 nM for p110α, p110β, p110δ, p110γ, mTORC1, and mTORC2. PI-103 also inhibits DNA-PK with an IC50 of 2 nM. PI-103 induces autophagy.
  • HY-10115A
    PI-103 Hydrochloride

    PI3K mTOR DNA-PK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    PI-103 Hydrochloride is a dual PI3K and mTOR inhibitor with IC50s of 8 nM, 88 nM, 48 nM, 150 nM, 20 nM, and 83 nM for p110α, p110β, p110δ, p110γ, mTORC1, and mTORC2. PI-103 Hydrochloride also inhibits DNA-PK with an IC50 of 2 nM. PI-103 Hydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-N0901A
    Corynoxine B

    Autophagy Cancer
    Corynoxine B is an oxindole alkaloid isolated from Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Jacks (Gouteng in Chinese); a Beclin-1-dependent autophagy inducer.
  • HY-115453
    UBCS039

    Sirtuin Autophagy Cancer
    UBCS039 is the first synthetic, specific Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) activator, inducing autophagy in human tumor cells, with an EC50 of 38 μM.
  • HY-125848
    Ginsenoside F2

    Apoptosis Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Ginsenoside F2, a metabolite from Ginsenoside Rb1, induces apoptosis accompanied by protective autophagy in breast cancer stem cells.
  • HY-113527
    3-Carbamoyl-1-methylpyridin-1-ium chloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    3-Carbamoyl-1-methylpyridin-1-ium chloride is an endogenous metabolite.
  • HY-113270A
    (3-Carboxypropyl)trimethylammonium chloride

    γ-Butyrobetaine hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    (3-Carboxypropyl)trimethylammonium chloride is angiopathic substance produced as an intermediary metabolite by gut microbiota that feed on carnitine in dietary red meat.
  • HY-N2359
    Chelerythrine

    PKC Bcl-2 Family Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Chelerythrine is a natural alkaloid, acts as a potent and selective Ca 2+/phospholopid-dependent PKC antagonist, with an IC50 of 0.7 μM. Chelerythrine has antitumor, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory activity. Chelerythrine inhibits the BclXL-Bak BH3 peptide binding with IC50 of 1.5 μM and displaces Bax from BclXL. Chelerythrine triggers apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-135811
    Desethyl chloroquine

    Parasite Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Autophagy Infection
    Desethyl chloroquine is a major desethyl metabolite of Chloroquine. Chloroquine diphosphate is an inhibitor of autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs). Desethyl chloroquine possesses antiplasmodic activity.
  • HY-12028
    PD98059

    MEK Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    PD98059 is a potent and selective MEK inhibitor with an IC50 of 5 µM. PD98059 binds to the inactive form of MEK, thereby preventing the activation of MEK1 (IC50 of 2-7 µM) and MEK2 (IC50 of 50 µM) by upstream kinases. PD98059 is a ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), and suppresses TCDD binding (IC50 of 4 μM) and AHR transformation (IC50 of 1 μM). PD98059 also inhibits autophagy.
  • HY-10514
    BX795

    PDK-1 IKK Autophagy Cancer
    BX795 is a potent and selective inhibitor of PDK1, with an IC50 of 6 nM. BX795 is also a potent and relatively specific inhibitor of TBK1 and IKKɛ, with an IC50 of 6 and 41 nM, respectively. BX795 blocks phosphorylation of S6K1, Akt, PKCδ, and GSK3β, and has lower selectivity over PKA, PKC, c-Kit, GSK3β etc. BX795 modulates autophagy.
  • HY-112818
    S130

    Cathepsin Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    S130 is a high affinity, selective inhibitor of ATG4B (a major cysteine protease) with an IC50 of 3.24 µM. S130 suppresses autophagy flux.
  • HY-15583
    Auristatin F

    Microtubule/Tubulin ADC Cytotoxin Cancer
    Auristatin F is a potent cytotoxin. Auristatin F, a potent microtubule inhibitor and vascular damaging agent (VDA), can be used in antibody-drug conjugates (ADC).
  • HY-15893
    DMOG

    Dimethyloxallyl Glycine

    HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Autophagy Cancer
    DMOG (Dimethyloxallyl Glycine) is a cell permeable and competitive inhibitor of HIF-PH, which results in HIF-1α stabilisation and accmulation in vitro and in vivo. DMOG is an α-ketoglutarate analogue and inhibits α-KG-dependent hydroxylases. DMOG acts as a pro-angiogenic agent and plays a protective role in experimental model of colitis and diarrhoea via HIF-1 related signal. DMOG induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-12990
    Spautin-1

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Spautin-1 is a specific and potent autophagy inhibitor which inhibits ubiquitin-specific peptidases, USP10 and USP13 with IC50s of 0.6-0.7 μM.
  • HY-N4120
    Valechlorine

    Autophagy Metabolic Disease
    Valechlorine, a autophagy enhancer, breaks down lipid droplets. Valechlorine reduces oleic acid (OA)-induced lipid accumulation in an Atg5-dependent manner.
  • HY-N2149A
    Tomatidine hydrochloride

    NF-κB JNK Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Tomatidine hydrochloride acts as an anti-inflammatory agent by blocking NF-κB and JNK signaling. Tomatidine hydrochloride activates autophagy either in mammal cells or C elegans.
  • HY-135811A
    Desethyl chloroquine diphosphate

    Parasite Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Autophagy Infection
    Desethyl chloroquine diphosphate is a major desethyl metabolite of Chloroquine. Chloroquine diphosphate is an inhibitor of autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs). Desethyl chloroquine diphosphate possesses antiplasmodic activity.
  • HY-N0112
    Dihydromyricetin

    Ampelopsin; Ampeloptin

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    Dihydromyricetin is a potent inhibitor with an IC50 of 48 μM on dihydropyrimidinase. Dihydromyricetin can activate autophagy through inhibiting mTOR signaling. Dihydromyricetin suppresses the formation of mTOR complexes (mTORC1/2).
  • HY-N2149
    Tomatidine

    NF-κB JNK Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Tomatidine acts as an anti-inflammatory agent by blocking NF-κB and JNK signaling. Tomatidine activates autophagy either in mammal cells or C elegans.
  • HY-15425
    PF-543

    Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II

    SPHK LPL Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    PF-543 (Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II) is a potent, selective, reversible and sphingosine-competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 2 nM and a Ki of 3.6 nM. PF-543 is >100-fold selectivity for SPHK1 over SPHK2. PF-543 is an effective potent inhibitor of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) formation in whole blood with an IC50 of 26.7 nM. PF-543 induces apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-15425B
    PF-543 hydrochloride

    Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II hydrochloride

    SPHK LPL Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    PF-543 hydrochloride (Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II hydrochloride) is a potent, selective, reversible and sphingosine-competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 2 nM and a Ki of 3.6 nM. PF-543 hydrochloride is >100-fold selectivity for SPHK1 over SPHK2. PF-543 hydrochloride is an effective potent inhibitor of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) formation in whole blood with an IC50 of 26.7 nM. PF-543 hydrochloride induces apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-15371
    Forskolin

    Coleonol; Colforsin

    Adenylate Cyclase FXR Autophagy Cancer Endocrinology Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Forskolin (Coleonol) is a potent adenylate cyclase activator with an IC50 of 41 nM and an EC50 of 0.5 μM for type I adenylyl cyclase. Forskolin is also an inducer of intracellular cAMP formation. Forskolin induces differentiation of various cell types and activates pregnane X receptor (PXR) and FXR. Forskolin exerts a inotropic effect on the heart, and has platelet antiaggregatory and antihypertensive actions. Forskolin also induces autophagy.
  • HY-13251
    Silvestrol

    (-)-Silvestrol

    Eukaryotic Initiation Factor (eIF) Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Silvestrol is a eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) inhibitor isolated from the fruits and twigs of Aglaia foveolata. Silvestrol induces autophagy and caspase-mediated apoptosis.
  • HY-129111
    EACC

    Autophagy Infection Neurological Disease
    EACC is a reversible autophagy inhibitor, which can block autophagic flux. EACC selectively inhibits the translocation of autophagosome-specific SNARE Stx17 thereby blocking autophagosome-lysosome fusion.
  • HY-N2991
    Dehydropachymic acid

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    Dehydropachymic acid is one of the major triterpenes isolated from Poria cocos. Dehydropachymic acid is more effective in autophagy-lysosome pathway (ALP) impaired cells rather than normal cells.
  • HY-16966
    SBI-0206965

    ULK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    SBI-0206965 is a potent, selective and cell permeable autophagy kinase ULK1 inhibitor with IC50s of 108 nM for ULK1 kinase and 711 nM for the highly related kinase ULK2.
  • HY-13417
    AICAR

    Acadesine; AICA Riboside

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer
    AICAR (Acadesine) is an adenosine analog and a AMPK activator. AICAR regulates the glucose and lipid metabolism, and inhibits proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS production. AICAR is also an autophagy and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-N0399
    Wogonoside

    Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Wogonoside, a flavonoid glycoside isolated from Huangqin, possesses anti-inflammatory effects. Wogonoside induces autophagy in breast cancer cells by regulating MAPK-mTOR pathway.
  • HY-B1041
    Aminoguanidine hydrochloride

    Pimagedine hydrochloride; GER-11; Aminoguanidinium chloride

    Others Endocrinology
    Aminoguanidine hydrochloride is a diamine oxidase and NO synthase inhibitor, reduces levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) through interacting with 3-deoxyglucosone, is an investigational drug for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.
  • HY-Y0504
    Trimethylammonium chloride

    Hegzadesil; Trimethylamine hydrochloric acid; Trimethylamine monohydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Trimethylammonium chloride is an endogenous metabolite.
  • HY-B0932
    Levocarnitine propionate hydrochloride

    L-Propionylcarnitine chloride; ST-261

    Others Others
    Levocarnitine propionate hydrochloride (L-Propionylcarnitine chloride; ST-261) is used to treat the deterioration of renal function, congestive heart failure, intermittent claudication, and other diseases.
  • HY-100599
    Urolithin A

    Drug Metabolite Reactive Oxygen Species DNA/RNA Synthesis Autophagy Apoptosis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Urolithin A, a gut-microbial metabolite of ellagic acid, exerts anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antioxidant properties. Urolithin A induces autophagy and apoptosis, suppresses cell cycle progression, and inhibits DNA synthesis.
  • HY-N4176
    Ginkgolide K

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    Ginkgolide K, isolated from Ginkgo biloba, induces protective autophagy through the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 signaling pathway. Ginkgolide K possesses neuroprotective activity.
  • HY-100558
    Bafilomycin A1

    (-)-Bafilomycin A1

    Proton Pump Bacterial Autophagy Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Bafilomycin A1, a macrolide antibiotic isolated from the Streptomyces species, is a specific inhibitor of vacuolar-type H + ATPase (V-ATPase). Bafilomycin A1 inhibits autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N6038
    Gartanin

    Others Cancer
    Gartanin is a natural xanthone of mangosteen, with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, neuroprotective and antineoplastic properties. Gartanin induces cell cycle arrest and autophagy and suppresses migration in human glioma cells.
  • HY-13003
    Torin 1

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    Torin 1 is a potent inhibitor of mTOR with an IC50 of 3 nM. Torin 1 inhibits both mTORC1/2 complexes with IC50 values between 2 and 10 nM. Torin 1 is an effective inducer of autophagy.
  • HY-U00141
    ABTL-0812

    α-Hydroxylinoleic acid

    Autophagy Metabolic Disease
    ABTL-0812 (α-Hydroxylinoleic acid) induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated autophagy. ABTL-0812 is a first-in-class small molecule with anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-10182B
    CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride

    CT99021 trihydrochloride

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride (CT99021 trihydrochloride) is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-10182
    CHIR-99021

    CT99021

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. CHIR-99021 shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. CHIR-99021 is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. CHIR-99021 enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. CHIR-99021 induces autophagy.
  • HY-15425A
    PF-543 Citrate

    Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II Citrate

    SPHK LPL Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    PF-543 Citrate (Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II Citrate) is a potent, selective, reversible and sphingosine-competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 2 nM and a Ki of 3.6 nM. PF-543 Citrate is >100-fold selectivity for SPHK1 over SPHK2. PF-543 Citrate is an effective potent inhibitor of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) formation in whole blood with an IC50 of 26.7 nM. PF-543 Citrate induces apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-128892
    EN6

    Autophagy Proton Pump Neurological Disease
    EN6 is a small-molecule in vivo activator of autophagy that covalently targets cysteine 277 in the ATP6V1A subunit of the lysosomal the vacuolar H + ATPase (v-ATPase). EN6-mediated ATP6V1A modification decouples the v-ATPase from the Rags, leading to inhibition of mTORC1 signaling, increased lysosomal acidification and activation of autophagy. EN6 clears TDP-43 aggregates, a causative agent in frontotemporal dementia, in a lysosome-dependent manner.
  • HY-N6074
    Soyasapogenol B

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Soyasapogenol B, an ingredient of soybean, exerts anti-proliferative, anti-metastatic activities. Soyasapogenol B triggers endoplasmic reticulum stress, which mediates apoptosis and autophagy in colorectal cancer.
  • HY-129652
    Halo PROTAC 1

    PROTAC Autophagy Cancer
    Halo PROTAC 1 is a PROTAC, which is a ligand having activity to bind to an intracellular proteins fused with HaloTag and a structure having activity to induce autophagy of an intracellular molecule are linked via a PEG linker.
  • HY-N2593
    Isorhapontigenin

    Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Isorhapontigenin, an orally bioavailable dietary polyphenol isolated from the Chinese herb Gnetum cleistostachyum, displays anti-inflammatory effects. Isorhapontigenin induces autophagy and inhibits invasive bladder cancer formation.
  • HY-122470
    Stampidine

    Reverse Transcriptase HIV Infection
    Stampidine is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) with potent and broad-spectrum anti-HIV activity. Stampidine inhibits the laboratory HIV-1 strain HTLVIIIB (B-envelope subtype) and primary clinical isolates with IC50s of 1 nM and 2 nM, respectively. Stampidine also inhibits NRTI-resistant primary clinical isolates and NNRTI-resistant clinical isolates with IC50s of 8.7 nM and 11.2 nM, respectively.
  • HY-10999
    Trametinib

    GSK1120212; JTP-74057

    MEK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Trametinib (GSK1120212; JTP-74057) is an orally active MEK inhibitor that inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50s of about 2 nM. Trametinib activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-128340
    Autogramin-2

    Autophagy Cancer
    Autogramin-2 potently inhibits autophagy induced by either starvation (IC50=0.27 μM) or mTORC1 inhibition (Rapamycin; IC50=0.14 μM).
  • HY-128339
    Autogramin-1

    Autophagy Cancer
    Autogramin-1 potently inhibits autophagy induced by either starvation (IC50=0.17 μM) or mTORC1 inhibition (Rapamycin; IC50=0.44 μM).
  • HY-N0680
    Thiamine hydrochloride

    Thiamine chloride hydrochloride; Vitamin B1 hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Apoptosis HBV Neurological Disease
    Thiamine hydrochloride is an essential micronutrient needed as a cofactor for many central metabolic enzymes.
  • HY-10542A
    (Z)-GW 5074

    Raf Neurological Disease
    (Z)-GW 5074 is a compound which interacts with both mHTT (mutant huntingtin protein) and LC3, but not but not with the wild-type HTT protein. (Z)-GW 5074 inhibits c-Raf, shows no effect on autophagy, and is effective for neurodegenerative disorder.
  • HY-N0730
    Diosgenin glucoside

    Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Diosgenin glucoside, a saponin compound extracted from Tritulus terrestris L., provides neuroprotection by regulating microglial M1 polarization. Diosgenin glucoside protects against spinal cord injury by regulating autophagy and alleviating apoptosis .
  • HY-12031A
    U0126

    MEK Autophagy Mitophagy Influenza Virus Cancer
    U0126 is a potent, non-ATP competitive and selective MEK1 and MEK2 inhibitor, with IC50s of 72 nM and 58 nM, respectively. U0126 is an autophagy and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-100548
    GSK621

    AMPK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    GSK621 is a specific AMPK activator, with IC50 values of 13-30 μM for AML cells. GSK621 induces autophagy and apoptosis. GSK621 induces eiF2α phosphorylation-a hallmark of UPR activation.
  • HY-10162
    Olaparib

    AZD2281; KU0059436

    PARP Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer
    Olaparib (AZD2281; KU0059436) is a potent and orally active PARP inhibitor with IC50s of 5 and 1 nM for PARP1 and PARP2, respectively. Olaparib is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-19312
    3-Methyladenine

    3-MA

    PI3K Autophagy Mitophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    3-Methyladenine (3-MA) is a PI3K inhibitor. 3-Methyladenine is a widely used inhibitor of autophagy via its inhibitory effect on class III PI3K.
  • HY-101923B
    LYN-1604 dihydrochloride

    ULK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    LYN-1604 dihydrochloride is a potent UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) activator (EC50=18.94 nM) for the research of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).
  • HY-19826
    Isofistularin-3

    DNA Methyltransferase ADC Cytotoxin Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Isofistularin-3 is a direct, DNA-competitive DNMT1 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 13.5 μM. Isofistularin-3, as a DNA demethylating agent, induces cell cycle arrest and sensitization to TRAIL in cancer cells. Isofistularin-3 can be used as an ADC cytotoxin.
  • HY-101923A
    LYN-1604 hydrochloride

    ULK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    LYN-1604 hydrochloride is a potent UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) activator (EC50=18.94 nM) for the research of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).
  • HY-101923
    LYN-1604

    ULK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    LYN-1604 is a potent UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) activator (EC50=18.94 nM) for the research of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).
  • HY-10182A
    CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride

    CT99021 monohydrochloride

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride (CT99021 monohydrochloride) is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-N3005
    Britannin

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Britannin, isolated from Inula aucheriana, is a sesquiterpene lactone. Britannin induces apoptosis and autophagy by activating AMPK regulated by ROS in liver cancer cells. Britannin has anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-114490
    ULK-101

    ULK Cancer
    ULK-101 is a potent and selective ULK1 inhibitor, with IC50 values of 1.6 nM and 30 nM for ULK1 and ULK2, respectively. ULK-101 suppresses autophagy and sensitizes cancer cells to nutrient stress.
  • HY-108701
    Nampt-IN-3

    Nampt HDAC Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Nampt-IN-3 (Compound 35) simultaneously inhibit nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) and HDAC with IC50s of 31 nM and 55 nM, respectively. Nampt-IN-3 effectively induces cell apoptosis and autophagy and ultimately leads to cell death.
  • HY-B0497C
    Niclosamide olamine

    BAY2353 olamine

    STAT Parasite Antibiotic Autophagy
    Niclosamide olamine is an anthelmintic that disrupts mitochondrial metabolism in parasitic worms and animal models. Niclosamide olamine inhibits STAT3 (IC50 = 0.25 μM) and stimulates autophagy by reversibly inhibiting mammalian target of Rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling.
  • HY-116506
    Bigelovin

    RAR/RXR Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Bigelovin, a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Inula helianthus-aquatica, is a selective retinoid X receptor α agonist. Bigelovin suppresses tumor growth through inducing apoptosis and autophagy via the inhibition of mTOR pathway regulated by ROS generation.
  • HY-124729A
    (Rac)-BL-918

    ULK Autophagy Neurological Disease
    (Rac)-BL-918 is the racemate of BL-918. BL-918 is a potent activator of UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1), inducing cytoprotective autophagy for Parkinson’s disease treatment.
  • HY-11007
    GNF-2

    Bcr-Abl SARS-CoV Cancer
    GNF-2 is a highly selective, allosteric, non-ATP competitive inhibitor of Bcr-Abl. GNF-2 inhibits Ba/F3.p210 proliferation with an IC50 of 138 nM .
  • HY-12855A
    Lys05

    Lys01 trihydrochloride

    Autophagy Cancer
    Lys05 (Lys01 trihydrochloride) is a novel lysosomal autophagy inhibitor with IC50 values of 3.6, 3.8, 6 and 7.9 μM for 1205Lu, c8161, LN229 and HT-29 cell line in the MTT assay.
  • HY-106372A
    Carcainium chloride

    QX 572; RSD 931

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Carcainium chloride (QX 572) is a quaternary derivative of Lidocaine. Antitussive effect.
  • HY-18676
    OSU-T315

    Integrin Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    OSU-T315 (ILK-IN-1) is a small Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.6 μM, inhibiting PI3K/AKT signaling by dephosphorylation of AKT-Ser473 and other ILK targets (GSK-3β and myosin light chain). OSU-T315 abrogates AKT activation by impeding AKT localization in lipid rafts and triggers caspase-dependent apoptosis in an ILK-independent manner. OSU-T315 causes cell death through apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-121546
    ALLO-1

    Autophagy Cancer
    ALLO-1, an autophagy receptor, is essential for autophagosome formation around paternal organelles and directly binds to the worm LC3 homologue LGG-1 through its LC3-interacting region (LIR) motif.
  • HY-12031
    U0126-EtOH

    MEK Autophagy Mitophagy Influenza Virus Cancer
    U0126 (U0126-EtOH) is a potent, non-ATP competitive and selective MEK1 and MEK2 inhibitor, with IC50s of 72 nM and 58 nM, respectively. U0126 is an autophagy and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-N0072
    Brazilin

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Brazilin is a red dye precursor obtained from the heartwood of several species of tropical hardwoods. Brazilin inhibits the cells proliferation, promotes apoptosis, and induces autophagy through the AMPK/mTOR pathway. Brazilin shows chondroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-N2099
    Onjisaponin B

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    Onjisaponin B is a natural product derived from Radix Polygalae. Onjisaponin B enhances autophagy and accelerates the degradation of mutant α-synuclein and huntingtin in PC-12 cells, and exbibits potential therapeutic effects on Parkinson disease and Huntington disease.
  • HY-12406
    VLX600

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Autophagy Cancer
    VLX600 is an iron-chelating inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). VLX600 causes mitochondrial dysfunction and induces a strong shift to glycolysis. VLX600 displays selective cytotoxic activity against malignant cell and induces autophagy. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-135231
    NL-1

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Autophagy Cancer
    NL-1 is a mitoNEET inhibitor with antileukemic effect. NL-1 inhibits REH and REH/Ara-C cells growth with IC50s of 47.35 µM and 56.26 µM, respectively. NL-1-mediated death in leukemic cells requires the activation of the autophagic pathway.
  • HY-N6779
    Patulin

    Terinin

    Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Infection
    Patulin (Terinin) is a mycotoxin produced by fungi including the Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Byssochlamys species, is suspected to be clastogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic and cytotoxic. Patulin (Terinin) induces autophagy-dependent apoptosis through lysosomal-mitochondrial axis, and causes DNA damage.
  • HY-B1479C
    Emetine hydrochloride

    Parasite DNA/RNA Synthesis Autophagy Bacterial Antibiotic Infection
    Emetine hydrochloride, derived from the ipecac root, is a potent anti-protozoal and emetic agent. Emetine hydrochloride inhibits viral polymerases and inhibits Zika and Ebola virus infections. Emetine hydrochloride potently inhibits autophagy and has anti-malarial, anti-bacterial and anti-amoebic effect.
  • HY-B1479
    Emetine

    Parasite DNA/RNA Synthesis Autophagy Bacterial Antibiotic Infection
    Emetine, derived from the ipecac root, is a potent anti-protozoal and emetic agent. Emetine inhibits viral polymerases and inhibits Zika and Ebola virus infections. Emetine potently inhibits autophagy and has anti-malarial, anti-bacterial and anti-amoebic effect.
  • HY-N6872
    Actein

    JNK Akt Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Actein is a triterpene glycoside isolated from the rhizomes of Cimicifuga foetida. Actein suppresses cell proliferation, induces autophagy and apoptosis through promoting ROS/JNK activation, and blunting AKT pathway in human bladder cancer. Actein has little toxicity in vivo.
  • HY-13636
    Fulvestrant

    ICI 182780; ZD 9238; ZM 182780

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Fulvestrant (ICI 182780) is a pure antiestrogen and a potent estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist with an IC50 of 9.4 nM. Fulvestrant effectively inhibits the growth of ER-positive MCF-7 cells with an IC50 of 0.29 nM. Fulvestrant also induces autophagy and has antitumor efficacy.
  • HY-B1479B
    Emetine dihydrochloride hydrate

    Parasite DNA/RNA Synthesis Autophagy Bacterial Antibiotic Infection Cancer
    Emetine dihydrochloride hydrate, derived from the ipecac root, is a potent anti-protozoal and emetic agent. Emetine dihydrochloride hydrate inhibits viral polymerases and inhibits Zika and Ebola virus infections. Emetine dihydrochloride hydrate potently inhibits autophagy and has anti-malarial, anti-bacterial and anti-amoebic effect.
  • HY-12041
    SP600125

    JNK Autophagy Apoptosis Ferroptosis Cancer
    SP600125 is an orally active, reversible, and ATP-competitive JNK inhibitor with IC50s of 40, 40 and 90 nM for JNK1, JNK2 and JNK3, respectively. SP600125 is a potent ferroptosis inhibitor. SP600125 inhibits autophagy and activates apoptosis.
  • HY-111383
    LX2343

    Beta-secretase PI3K Amyloid-β Autophagy Neurological Disease
    LX2343 is a BACE1 enzyme inhibitor with an IC50 value of 11.43±0.36 μM. LX2343 acts as a non-ATP competitive PI3K inhibitor with an IC50 of 15.99±3.23 μM. LX2343 stimulates autophagy in its promotion of clearance.
  • HY-14536
    Methylene Blue

    Basic Blue 9; Methylthioninium chloride; CI-52015

    Guanylate Cyclase Monoamine Oxidase NO Synthase Parasite Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    Methylene blue (Basic Blue 9) is a guanylyl cyclase (sGC), monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) and NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor. Methylene blue is a vasopressor and is often used as a dye in several medical procedures. Methylene blue has antinociception, antimalarial, antidepressant and anxiolytic activity effects. Methylene Blue has the potential for methemoglobinemias, neurodegenerative disorders and ifosfamide-induced encephalopathytreatment.
  • HY-141077
    N-(Ac-PEG3)-N'-(azide-PEG3)-Cy7 chloride

    PROTAC Linker Cancer
    N-(Ac-PEG3)-N'-(azide-PEG3)-Cy7 (chloride) is a PEG-based PROTAC linker that can be used in the synthesis of PROTACs.
  • HY-135825
    TFEB activator 1

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    TFEB activator 1 is an orally effective, mTOR-independent activator of TFEB. TFEB activator 1 significantly promotes the nuclear translocation of Flag-TFEB with an EC50 of 2167 nM. TFEB activator 1 enhances autophagy without inhibiting the mTOR pathway and has the potential for neurodegenerative diseases treatment.
  • HY-10999A
    Trametinib (DMSO solvate)

    GSK-1120212 (DMSO solvate); JTP-74057 (DMSO solvate)

    MEK Apoptosis Cancer
    Trametinib (DMSO solvate) (GSK-1120212 (DMSO solvate);JTP-74057 (DMSO solvate)) is an orally active MEK inhibitor that inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50s of about 2 nM. Trametinib (DMSO solvate) activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-10218
    Everolimus

    RAD001; SDZ-RAD

    mTOR FKBP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Everolimus (RAD001) is a Rapamycin derivative and a potent, selective and orally active mTOR1 inhibitor. Everolimus binds to FKBP-12 to generate an immunosuppressive complex. Everolimus inhibits tumor cells proliferation and induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. Everolimus has potent immunosuppressive and anticancer activities.
  • HY-15597
    Salinomycin

    Procoxacin

    Bacterial Wnt β-catenin Mitophagy Autophagy Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer
    Salinomycin (Procoxacin), a polyether potassium ionophore antibiotic, selectively inhibits the growth of gram-positive bacteria. Salinomycin is a potent inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, blocks Wnt-induced LRP6 phosphorylation. Salinomycin (Procoxacin) shows selective activity against human cancer stem cells.
  • HY-N0712
    Typhaneoside

    Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Typhaneoside, extracted from Typha angustifolia L., Typhaneoside can inhibit the excessive autophagy of hypoxia/reoxygenation cells and increase the phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR. Typhaneoside has certain effects on the cardiovascular system, including lowering blood lipid levels, promoting antiatherosclerosis activities, as well as improving immune and coagulation function.
  • HY-13630
    Etoposide phosphate

    BMY-40481

    Topoisomerase Bacterial Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    Etoposide phosphate (BMY-40481) is a potent anti-cancer chemotherapy agent and a selective topoisomerase II inhibitor to prevent re-ligation of DNA strands. Etoposide phosphate is the phosphate ester prodrug of etoposide and is considered as active equivalent to Etoposide. Etoposide phosphate induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-N4113
    Glycycoumarin

    Autophagy Cancer
    Glycycoumarin is a major bioactive coumarin of licorice. Glycycoumarin inhibits hepatocyte lipoapoptosis through activation of autophagy and inhibition of ER stress-mediated JNK and GSK-3-mediated mitochondrial pathway. Glycycoumarin exerts anti-liver cancer activity by directly targeting T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase .
  • HY-B0006A
    Carvedilol phosphate hemihydrate

    BM 14190 phosphate hemihydrate

    Adrenergic Receptor Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Carvedilol phosphate hemihydrate (BM 14190 phosphate hemihydrate) is a non-selective β/α-1 blocker. Carvedilol phosphate hemihydrate inhibits lipid peroxidation with an IC50 of 5 μM. Carvedilol phosphate hemihydrate is a multiple action antihypertensive agent with potential use in angina and congestive heart failure. Carvedilol phosphate hemihydrate is an autophagy inducer that inhibits the NLRP3 inflammasome.
  • HY-50895
    Gefitinib

    ZD1839

    EGFR Autophagy Cancer
    Gefitinib (ZD1839) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib also induces autophagy. Gefitinib has antitumour activity.
  • HY-50895A
    Gefitinib hydrochloride

    ZD-1839 hydrochloride

    EGFR Cancer
    Gefitinib hydrochloride (ZD1839 hydrochloride) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib hydrochloride selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib hydrochloride also induces autophagy. Gefitinib hydrochloride has antitumour activity.
  • HY-100490
    Rilmenidine

    Imidazoline Receptor Adrenergic Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Rilmenidine, an innovative antihypertensive agent, is an orally active, selective I1 imidazoline receptor agonist. Rilmenidine is an alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist. Rilmenidine induces autophagy. Rilmenidine modulates proliferation and stimulates the proapoptotic protein Bax thus inducing the perturbation of the mitochondrial pathway and apoptosis in human leukemic K562 cells.
  • HY-10197
    Wortmannin

    SL-2052; KY-12420

    PI3K Polo-like Kinase (PLK) Autophagy Cancer
    Wortmannin (SL-2052; KY-12420) is a potent, selective and irreversible PI3K inhibitor with an IC50 of 3 nM. Wortmannin also blocks autophagy formation, and potently inhibits Polo-like kinase 1 (PlK1) and Plk3 with IC50s of 5.8 and 48 nM, respectively.
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine phosphate

    Parasite Autophagy SARS-CoV Toll-like Receptor (TLR) HIV Antibiotic Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-17589B
    Chloroquine dihydrochloride

    Parasite Autophagy SARS-CoV Toll-like Receptor (TLR) HIV Antibiotic Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Chloroquine dihydrochloride is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine dihydrochloride is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine dihydrochloride is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-12481
    SAR405

    PI3K Autophagy Cancer
    SAR405 is a first-in-class, selective, and ATP-competitive PI3K class III (PIK3C3) isoform Vps34 inhibitor (IC50=1.2 nM; Kd=1.5 nM). SAR405 inhibits autophagy induced either by starvation or by mTOR inhibition. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-13630A
    Etoposide phosphate disodium

    BMY-40481 disodium

    Topoisomerase Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    Etoposide phosphate disodium (BMY-40481 disodium) is a potent anti-cancer chemotherapy agent and a selective topoisomerase II inhibitor to prevent re-ligation of DNA strands. Etoposide phosphate disodium is the phosphate ester prodrug of etoposide and is considered as active equivalent to Etoposide. Etoposide phosphate disodium induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-118630
    Vacuolin-1

    PIKfyve Autophagy Cancer
    Vacuolin-1 is a potent and cell-permeable lysosomal exocytosis inhibitor. Vacuolin-1 blocks the Ca 2+-dependent exocytosis of lysosomes and prevents the release of lysosomal content without affecting the process of resealing. vacuolin‐1 is a potent and selective PIKfyve inhibitor and inhibits late‐stage autophagy by impairing lysosomal maturation.
  • HY-B0006
    Carvedilol

    BM 14190

    Adrenergic Receptor Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Carvedilol (BM 14190) is a non-selective β/α-1 blocker. Carvedilol inhibits lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of 5 μM. Carvedilol is a multiple action antihypertensive agent with potential use in angina and congestive heart failure. Carvedilol is an autophagy inducer that inhibits the NLRP3 inflammasome.
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine

    Parasite Autophagy SARS-CoV Toll-like Receptor (TLR) HIV Antibiotic Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-10969
    Obatoclax Mesylate

    GX15-070 Mesylate

    Bcl-2 Family Autophagy Parasite Cancer Infection
    Obatoclax Mesylate (GX15-070 Mesylate), a BH3 mimetic, is a pan-BCL-2 family proteins inhibitor with a Ki of 220 nM for BCL-2. Obatoclax Mesylate induces autophagy-dependent cell death and targets cyclin D1 for proteasomal degradation. Obatoclax Mesylate has anti-cancer and broad-spectrum antiparasitic activity.
  • HY-100663
    Gefitinib impurity 2

    Others Others
    Gefitinib impurity 2 is the impurity of Gefitinib. Gefitinib (ZD1839) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib also induces autophagy. Gefitinib has antitumour activity.
  • HY-13516
    Aloperine

    Apoptosis Autophagy Filovirus HIV Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Aloperine is an alkaloid in sophora plants such as Sophora alopecuroides L, which has shown anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-virus properties. Aloperine is widely used to treat patients with allergic contact dermatitis eczema and other skin inflammation in China. Aloperine induces apoptosis and autophagy in HL-60 cells.
  • HY-133779
    Gefitinib impurity 5

    Others Others
    Gefitinib impurity 5 is the impurity of Gefitinib. Gefitinib (ZD1839) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib also induces autophagy. Gefitinib has antitumour activity.
  • HY-131257
    Gefitinib impurity 1

    Others Others
    Gefitinib impurity 1 is the impurity of Gefitinib. Gefitinib (ZD1839) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib also induces autophagy. Gefitinib has antitumour activity.
  • HY-N0047
    Polyphyllin I

    JNK mTOR Akt PDK-1 Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Polyphyllin I is a bioactive constituent extracted from Paris polyphylla, has strong anti-tumor activity. Polyphyllin I is an activator of the JNK signaling pathway and is an inhibitor of PDK1/Akt/mTOR signaling. Polyphyllin I induces autophagy, G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis.
  • HY-10969A
    Obatoclax

    GX15-070

    Bcl-2 Family Autophagy Parasite Cancer Infection
    Obatoclax (GX15-070), a BH3 mimetic, is a pan-BCL-2 family proteins inhibitor with a Ki of 220 nM for BCL-2. Obatoclax induces autophagy-dependent cell death and targets cyclin D1 for proteasomal degradation. Obatoclax has anti-cancer and broad-spectrum antiparasitic activity.
  • HY-16592
    Brefeldin A

    BFA; Cyanein; Decumbin

    Autophagy CRISPR/Cas9 Mitophagy HSV Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Brefeldin A (BFA) is a lactone antibiotic and a specific inhibitor of protein trafficking. Brefeldin A blocks the transport of secreted and membrane proteins from endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi apparatus. Brefeldin A is also an autophagy and mitophagy inhibitor. Brefeldin A is a CRISPR/Cas9 activator. Brefeldin A inhibits HSV-1 and has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-W040129
    Chromomycin A3

    Bacterial Fungal Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Chromomycin A3 is an aureolic acid-type antitumor antibiotic. Chromomycin A3 forms dimeric complexes with divalent cations, such as Mg 2+, which strongly binds to the GC rich sequence of DNA to inhibit DNA replication and transcription. Chromomycin A3 has a variety of utilities as a staining agent for human sperm chromatin, autophagy inducing agent, and apoptosis inhibitor.
  • HY-126147
    J22352

    HDAC Cancer
    J22352 is a PROTAC (proteolysis-targeting chimeras)-like and highly selective HDAC6 inhibitor with an IC50 value of 4.7 nM. J22352 promotes HDAC6 degradation and induces anticancer effects by inhibiting autophagy and eliciting the antitumor immune response in glioblastoma cancers, and leading to the restoration of host antitumor activity by reducing the immunosuppressive activity of PD-L1.
  • HY-50856
    Ruxolitinib

    INCB18424

    JAK Autophagy Mitophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Ruxolitinib (INCB18424) is a potent and selective JAK1/2 inhibitor with IC50s of 3.3 nM and 2.8 nM in cell-free assays, and has 130-fold selectivity for JAK1/2 over JAK3. Ruxolitinib induces autophagy and kills tumor cells through toxic mitophagy.
  • HY-10971
    Alisertib

    MLN 8237

    Aurora Kinase Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Alisertib (MLN 8237) is an orally active and selective Aurora A kinase inhibitor (IC50=1.2 nM), which binds to Aurora A kinase resulting in mitotic spindle abnormalities, mitotic accumulation. Alisertib (MLN 8237) induces apoptosis and autophagy through targeting the AKT/mTOR/AMPK/p38 pathway in leukemic cells. Antitumor activity.
  • HY-10249
    GSK-690693

    Akt AMPK Autophagy Cancer
    GSK-690693 is an ATP-competitive pan-Akt inhibitor with IC50s of 2 nM, 13 nM, 9 nM for Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3, respectively. GSK-690693 is also an AMPK inhibitor, affects Unc-51-like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) activity and robustly inhibits STING-dependent IRF3 activation.
  • HY-100932
    ML-9

    Myosin Cancer
    ML-9 is a selective and potent inhibitor of Akt kinase, inhibits myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) activity. ML-9 inhibits inhibits MLCK, PKA and PKC activity with Ki values of 4, 32 and 54 μM, respectively. ML-9 induces autophagy by stimulating autophagosome formation and inhibiting their degradation.
  • HY-12203
    PFK-158

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    PFK-158 is a potent and selective PFKFB3 inhibitor with an IC50 value 137 nM. PFK-158 reduces glucose uptake, ATP production, lactate release, and induces apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. PFK-158 has broad anti-tumor activity. PFK-158 can also enhance Colistin's resistance to bacteria.
  • HY-122614
    S29434

    NMDPEF

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    S29434 (NMDPEF) is a potent, competitive, selective and cell-permeable inhibitor of quinone reductase 2 (QR2), with IC50s ranging from 5 to 16 nM for human QR2 at different organizational levels, and has good selectivity for QR2 over QR1. S29434 (NMDPEF) induces autophagy and inhibits QR2-mediated ROS production.
  • HY-17589AS
    Chloroquine D5

    Parasite Autophagy SARS-CoV Toll-like Receptor (TLR) HIV Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Chloroquine D5 is deuterium labeled Chloroquine. Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-13757A
    Tamoxifen

    ICI 47699; (Z)-Tamoxifen; trans-Tamoxifen

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR HSP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Tamoxifen (ICI 47699) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) which blocks estrogen action in breast cells and can activate estrogen activity in other cells, such as bone, liver, and uterine cells. Tamoxifen is a potent Hsp90 activator and enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-13027
    DAPT

    GSI-IX

    γ-secretase Amyloid-β Autophagy Notch Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    DAPT (GSI-IX) is a potent and orally active γ-secretase inhibitor with IC50s of 115 nM and 200 nM for total amyloid-β (Aβ) and 42, respectively. DAPT inhibits the activation of Notch 1 signaling and induces cell differentiation. DAPT also induces autophagy and apoptosis. DAPT has neuroprotection activity and has the potential for autoimmune and lymphoproliferative diseases, degenerative disease and cancers treatment.
  • HY-B0968A
    Trimetazidine

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimetazidine is a selective long chain 3-ketoyl coenzyme A thiolase inhibitor with an IC50 of 75 nM, which can inhibit β-oxidation of free fatty acid (FFA). Trimetazidine is an effective antianginal agent and a cytoprotective drug, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and gastroprotective properties. Trimetazidine triggers autophagy. Trimetazidine is also a 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HADHA) inhibitor.
  • HY-11109
    Resatorvid

    TAK-242; CLI-095

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) TNF Receptor Interleukin Related Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Resatorvid (TAK-242) is a selective Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor. Resatorvid inhibits NO, TNF-R and IL-6 production with IC50s of 1.8 nM, 1.9 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively. Resatorvid downregulates expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules MyD88 and TRIF. Resatorvid inhibits autophagy and plays pivotal role in various inflammatory diseases.
  • HY-N0485
    Liensinine Diperchlorate

    Autophagy Mitophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Liensinine Diperchlor​ate is a major isoquinoline alkaloid, extracted from the seed embryo of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. Liensinine Diperchlor​ate inhibits late-stage autophagy/mitophagy through blocking autophagosome-lysosome fusion. Liensinine Diperchlor​ate has a wide range of biological activities, including anti-arrhythmias, anti-hypertension, anti-pulmonary fibrosis, relaxation on vascular smooth muscle, etc.
  • HY-12248
    Telaglenastat

    CB-839

    Glutaminase Autophagy Cancer
    Telaglenastat (CB-839) is a first-in-class, selective, reversible and orally active glutaminase 1 (GLS1) inhibitor. Telaglenastat selectively inhibits GLS1 splice variants KGA (kidney-type glutaminase) and GAC (glutaminase C) compared to GLS2. The IC50s are 23 nM and 28 nM for endogenous glutaminase in mouse kidney and brain, respectively. Telaglenastat inudces autophagy and has antitumor activity.
  • HY-18980
    Rottlerin

    Mallotoxin; NSC 56346; NSC 94525

    PKC Autophagy Apoptosis Infection Cancer
    Rottlerin, a natural product purified from Mallotus Philippinensis, is a specific PKC inhibitor, with IC50 values for PKCδ of 3-6 μM, PKCα,β,γ of 30-42 μM, PKCε,η,ζ of 80-100 μM. Rottlerin acts as a direct mitochondrial uncoupler, and stimulates autophagy by targeting a signaling cascade upstream of mTORC1. Rottlerin induces apoptosis via caspase 3 activation.
  • HY-N2500
    Deoxypodophyllotoxin

    Microtubule/Tubulin Apoptosis Autophagy Infection Cardiovascular Disease
    Deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPT), a derivative of podophyllotoxin, is a lignan with potent antimitotic, anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties isolated from rhizomes of Sinopodophullumhexandrum (Berberidaceae). Deoxypodophyllotoxin, targets the microtubule, has a major impact in oncology not only as anti-mitotics but also as potent inhibitors of angiogenesis. Deoxypodophyllotoxin induces cell autophagy and apoptosis. Deoxypodophyllotoxin evokes increase of intracellular Ca 2+ concentrations in DRG neurons.
  • HY-B0968
    Trimetazidine dihydrochloride

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is a selective long chain 3-ketoyl coenzyme A thiolase inhibitor with an IC50 of 75 nM, which can inhibit β-oxidation of free fatty acid (FFA). Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is an effective antianginal agent and a cytoprotective drug, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and gastroprotective properties. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride triggers autophagy. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is also a 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HADHA) inhibitor.
  • HY-13757
    Tamoxifen Citrate

    ICI 46474; (Z)-Tamoxifen Citrate; trans-Tamoxifen Citrate

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR HSP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Tamoxifen Citrate (ICI 46474) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) which blocks estrogen action in breast cells and can activate estrogen activity in other cells, such as bone, liver, and uterine cells.Tamoxifen Citrate is a potent Hsp90 activator and enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen Citrate activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-13259
    MG-132

    Z-Leu-leu-leu-al

    Proteasome Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    MG-132 (Z-Leu-leu-leu-al) is a potent proteasome and calpain inhibitor with IC50s of 100 nM and 1.2 μM, respectively. MG-132 effectively blocks the proteolytic activity of the 26S proteasome complex. MG-132, a peptide aldehyde, also is an autophagy activator. MG-132 also induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N0107
    Cyclovirobuxine D

    Apoptosis Autophagy mTOR Akt Cardiovascular Disease
    Cyclovirobuxine D (CVB-D) is the main active component of the traditional Chinese medicine Buxus microphylla. Cyclovirobuxine D induces autophagy and attenuates the phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR. Cyclovirobuxine D inhibits cell proliferation of gastric cancer cells through suppression of cell cycle progression and inducement of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. Cyclovirobuxine D is beneficial for heart failure induced by myocardial infarction.
  • HY-122872
    MKK7-COV-9

    p38 MAPK Cancer
    MKK7-COV-9 is a potent and selective covalent inhibitor of MKK7 and targets a specific protein–protein interaction of MKK7. MKK7-COV-9 blocks primary B cell activation in response to LPS with an EC50 of 4.98 μM.
  • HY-100932A
    ML-9 Free Base

    Myosin Cancer
    ML-9 (Free Base) is a selective and potent inhibitor of Akt kinase, inhibits myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) activity. ML-9 (Free Base) inhibits inhibits MLCK, PKA and PKC activity with Ki values of 4, 32 and 54 μM, respectively. ML-9 (Free Base) induces autophagy by stimulating autophagosome formation and inhibiting their degradation.
  • HY-N2959
    Brevilin A

    JAK STAT Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Brevilin A is a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Centipeda minima with anti-tumor activity. Brevilin A is a selective inhibitor of JAK-STAT signal pathway by attenuating the JAKs activity and blocking STAT3 signaling (IC50 = 10.6 µM) in Cancer Cells. Brevilin A induces apoptosis and autophagy via mitochondrial pathway and PI3K/AKT/mTOR inactivation in colon adenocarcinoma cell CT26.
  • HY-10201
    Sorafenib

    Bay 43-9006

    Raf VEGFR FLT3 Autophagy Apoptosis Ferroptosis Cancer
    Sorafenib (Bay 43-9006) is a potent and orally active Raf inhibitor with IC50s of 6 nM and 20 nM for Raf-1 and B-Raf, respectively. Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor with IC50s of 90 nM, 15 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM and 58 nM for VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, FLT3 and c-Kit, respectively. Sorafenib induces autophagy and apoptosis. Sorafenib has anti-tumor activity. Sorafenib is a ferroptosis activator.
  • HY-N6972
    Cepharanthine

    HIV Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Cepharanthine, an alkaloid derived from Stephania cepharantha Hayata, with possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activities. Cepharanthine attenuates muscle and kidney injuries induced by limb ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Cepharanthine induces autophagy, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in breast cancer cells. Cepharanthine inhibits the HIV-1 entry process by reducing plasma membrane fluidity.
  • HY-N6979
    Crustecdysone

    20-Hydroxyecdysone

    Caspase Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    Crustecdysone (20-Hydroxyecdysone) is a naturally occurring ecdysteroid hormone isolated from Cyanotis arachnoides C.B.Clarke which controls the ecdysis (moulting) and metamorphosis of arthropods, it inhibits caspase activity and induces autophagy via the 20E nuclear receptor complex, EcR-USP. Crustecdysone exhibits regulatory or protective roles in the cardiovascular system. Crustecdysone is an active metabolite of Ecdysone (α-Ecdysone; HY-N0179)
  • HY-10201A
    Sorafenib Tosylate

    Bay 43-9006 Tosylate

    Raf VEGFR FLT3 Autophagy Ferroptosis Apoptosis Cancer
    Sorafenib Tosylate (Bay 43-9006 Tosylate) is a potent and orally active Raf inhibitor with IC50s of 6 nM and 20 nM for Raf-1 and B-Raf, respectively. SorafenibTosylate is a multikinase inhibitor with IC50s of 90 nM, 15 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM and 58 nM for VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, FLT3 and c-Kit, respectively. Sorafenib Tosylate induces autophagy and apoptosis. Sorafenib Tosylate has anti-tumor activity. Sorafenib Tosylate is a ferroptosis activator.
  • HY-121618
    α-Thujone

    GABA Receptor Reactive Oxygen Species Parasite Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    α-Thujone is a monoterpene isolated from Thuja occidentalis essential oil with potent anti-tumor activities. α-Thujone is a reversible modulator of the GABA type A receptor and the IC50 for α-Thujone is 21 μM in suppressing the GABA-induced currents. α-Thujone induces ROS accumulation-dependent cytotoxicity, also induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. α-Thujone has antinociceptive, insecticidal, and anthelmintic activity, and easily penetrates the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-N1372A
    Fangchinoline

    HIV FAK Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Infection
    Fangchinoline is isolated from Stephania tetrandra with extensive biological activities, such as enhancing immunity, anti-inflammatory sterilization and anti-atherosclerosis. Fangchinoline, a novel HIV-1 inhibitor, inhibits HIV-1 replication by impairing gp160 proteolytic processing. Fangchinoline targets Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and suppresses FAK-mediated signaling pathway in tumor cells which highly expressed FAK. Fangchinoline induces apoptosis and adaptive autophagy in bladder cancer.
  • HY-135887
    ZX-29

    ALK Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    ZX-29 is a potent and selective ALK inhibitor with an IC50 of 2.1 nM, 1.3 nM and 3.9 nM for ALK, ALK L1196M and ALK G1202R mutations, respectively. ZX-29 is inactive against EGFR. ZX-29 induces apoptosis by inducing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and overcomes cell resistance caused by an ALK mutation. ZX-29 also induces protective autophagy and has antitumor effect.
  • HY-10224
    Panobinostat

    LBH589; NVP-LBH589

    HDAC Autophagy HIV Apoptosis Cancer
    Panobinostat (LBH589; NVP-LBH589) is a potent and orally active non-selective HDAC inhibitor, and has antineoplastic activities. Panobinostat induces HIV-1 virus production even at low concentration range 8-31 nM, stimulates HIV-1 expression in latently infected cells. Panobinostat induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. Panobinostat can be used for the study of refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma.
  • HY-10029
    Nutlin-3a

    MDM-2/p53 E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Nutlin-3a, an active enantiomer of Nutlin-3, is a potent murine double minute (MDM2) inhibitor (IC50=90 nM). Nutlin-3a inhibits MDM2-p53 interactions and stabilizes the p53 protein, and induces cell autophagy and apoptosis. Nutlin-3a has the potential for the study of TP53 wild-type ovarian carcinomas.
  • HY-122214
    AC-73

    Autophagy Cancer
    AC-73 is a first specific, orally active inhibitor of cluster of differentiation 147 (CD147), which specifically disrupts CD147 dimerization, thereby mainly suppressing the CD147/ERK1/2/STAT3/MMP-2 pathways. AC-73 inhibits the motility and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. AC-73 is also an anti-proliferative drug and an inducer of autophagy in leukemic cells.
  • HY-10256A
    SB 203580 hydrochloride

    RWJ 64809 hydrochloride

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Mitophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    SB 203580 hydrochloride (RWJ 64809 hydrochloride) is a selective and ATP-competitive p38 MAPK inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 500 nM for SAPK2a/p38 and SAPK2b/p38β2, respectively. SB 203580 hydrochloride inhibits LCK, GSK3β and PKBα with IC50s of 100-500-fold higher than that for SAPK2a/p38. SB 203580 hydrochloride is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-10181
    Dasatinib

    BMS-354825

    Bcr-Abl Src Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Dasatinib (BMS-354825) is a potent and orally active dual Bcr-Abl and Src family tyrosine kinase inhibitor with IC50s of 0.6 nM, 0.8 nM, respectively. Dasatinib also inhibits Abl, Src, Fyn, c-Kit and c-Kit D816V with IC50s of 2.8 nM, 79 nM and 37 nM, respectively. Dasatinib also induces apoptosis and autophagy. Dasatinib shows potently antitumor activity and has the potential for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) treatment.
  • HY-10256
    SB 203580

    RWJ 64809

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Mitophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    SB 203580 (RWJ 64809) is a selective and ATP-competitive p38 MAPK inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 500 nM for SAPK2a/p38 and SAPK2b/p38β2, respectively. SB 203580 inhibits LCK, GSK3β and PKBα with IC50s of 100-500-fold higher than that for SAPK2a/p38. SB 203580 does not disrupt JNK activity and is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-10108
    LY294002

    PI3K Casein Kinase DNA-PK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Infection
    LY294002 (NSC 697286; SF 1101) is a broad-spectrum inhibitor of PI3K with IC50s of 0.5, 0.57, and 0.97 μM for PI3Kα, PI3Kδ and PI3Kβ, respectively. LY294002 also inhibits CK2 with an IC50 of 98 nM. LY294002 is a competitive DNA-PK inhibitorr that binds reversibly to the kinase domain of DNA-PK with an IC50 of 1.4 μM. LY294002 is an autophagy and apoptosis activator.
  • HY-136351
    THZ-P1-2

    Autophagy Cancer
    THZ-P1-2 is a first-in-class and selective PI5P4K inhibitor, with an IC50 of 190 nM for PI5P4Kα. THZ-P1-2 covalently targets cysteines on a disordered loop in PI5P4Kα/β/γ. THZ-P1-2 causes autophagy disruption and upregulates TFEB signaling. THZ-P1-2 displays anticancer activity in leukemia cell lines.
  • HY-N6002
    3'-Hydroxypterostilbene

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    3'-Hydroxypterostilbene, a natural pterostilbene analogue, effectively inhibits the growth of human colon cancer cells (IC50s of 9.0, 40.2, and 70.9 µM for COLO 205, HCT-116, and HT-29 cells, respectively) by inducing apoptosis and autophagy. 3'-Hydroxypterostilbene inhibits the PI3K/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K, and p38MAPK pathways and activates the ERK1/2, JNK1/2 MAPK pathways.
  • HY-100008
    Peretinoin

    NIK333

    RAR/RXR SPHK Autophagy HCV Cancer Infection
    Peretinoin is an oral acyclic retinoid retinoid with a vitamin A-like structure that targets retinoid nuclear receptors such as retinoid X receptor (RXR) and retinoic acid receptor (RAR). Peretinoin reduces the mRNA level of sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1) in vitro by downregulating a transcription factor, Sp1. Peretinoin prevents the progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through activating the autophagy pathway by increased Atg16L1 expression. Peretinoin inhibits HCV RNA amplification and virus release by altering lipid metabolism with a EC50 of 9 μM.
  • HY-N0103
    Sophocarpine

    Autophagy Apoptosis PI3K Akt Influenza Virus Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Sophocarpine is one of the significant alkaloid extracted from the traditional herb medicine Sophora flavescens which has many pharmacological properties such as anti-virus, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory. Sophocarpine significantly inhibits the growth of gastric cancer (GC) cells through multiple mechanisms such as induction of autophagy, activation of cell apoptosis and down-regulation of cell survival PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Sophocarpine has been demonstrated to have anti-tumor activity in various cancer cells, including hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
  • HY-N0103A
    Sophocarpine monohydrate

    Autophagy Apoptosis PI3K Akt Influenza Virus Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Sophocarpine (monohydrate) is one of the significant alkaloid extracted from the traditional herb medicine Sophora flavescens which has many pharmacological properties such as anti-virus, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory. Sophocarpine (monohydrate) significantly inhibits the growth of gastric cancer (GC) cells through multiple mechanisms such as induction of autophagy, activation of cell apoptosis and down-regulation of cell survival PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Sophocarpine (monohydrate) has been demonstrated to have anti-tumor activity in various cancer cells, including hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
  • HY-N3584
    Paris saponin VII

    Chonglou Saponin VII

    Akt p38 MAPK P-glycoprotein Bcl-2 Family Caspase PARP Autophagy Cancer
    Paris saponin VII (Chonglou Saponin VII) is a steroidal saponin isolated from the roots and rhizomes of Trillium tschonoskii Maxim. Paris saponin VII-induced apoptosis in K562/ADR cells is associated with Akt/MAPK and the inhibition of P-gp. Paris saponin VII attenuates mitochondrial membrane potential, increases the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, such as Bax and cytochrome c, and decreases the protein expression levels of Bcl-2, caspase-9, caspase-3, PARP-1, and p-Akt. Paris saponin VII induces a robust autophagy in K562/ADR cells and provides a biochemical basis in the treatment of leukemia.
  • HY-N3387
    Licoricidin

    Apoptosis NF-κB Akt MMP Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Licoricidin (LCD) is isolated from Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, possesses anti-cancer activities. Licoricidin (LCD) inhibit SW480 cells (IC50=7.2 μM) by inducing cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy, and is a potential chemopreventive or chemotherapeutic agent against colorectal cancer. Licoricidin (LCD) inhibits Lung Metastasis by inhibition of tumor angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis as well as changes in the local microenvironment of tumor tissues the anticarcinogenic effect. Licoricidin enhanced gemcitabine-induced cytotoxicity in Osteosarcoma (OS) cells by inactivation of the Akt and NF-κB pathways in vitro and in vivo. Licoricidin blocks UVA-induced photoaging via ROS scavenging, limits the activity of MMP-1, it can be considered as an active ingredient in new topically applied anti-ageing formulations.
  • HY-120944
    BAY-7598

    MMP Inflammation/Immunology
    BAY-7598 is a potent, orally bioavailable, and selective MMP12 inhibitor probe with IC50s of 0.085, 0.67 and 1.1 nM for human MMP12, murine MMP12, and rat MMP12, respectively.