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Pathways Recommended: Autophagy
Targets Recommended: Autophagy Mitophagy

Results for "Autophagy Activators" in MCE Product Catalog:

57

Inhibitors & Agonists

16

Natural
Products

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-112483
    QX77

    Autophagy Cancer
    QX77 is a chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) activator.
  • HY-125465
    SLLN-15

    Autophagy Cancer
    SLLN-15 is an oral active, selective and potent enhancer of autophagy that activates cytostatic macroautophagy/autophagy in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC).
  • HY-U00434
    3BDO

    mTOR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    3BDO is a new mTOR activator which can also inhibit autophagy.
  • HY-17394
    Cisplatin

    CDDP; cis-Diaminodichloroplatinum

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Ferroptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Cisplatin (CDDP) is an antineoplastic chemotherapy agent by cross-linking with DNA and causing DNA damage in cancer cells. Cisplatin activates ferroptosis and induces autophagy.
  • HY-70002
    Enzalutamide

    MDV3100

    Androgen Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    Enzalutamide (MDV3100) is an androgen receptor (AR) antagonist with an IC50 of 36 nM in LNCaP prostate cells. Enzalutamide is an autophagy activator.
  • HY-17471A
    Metformin hydrochloride

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin hydrochloride (1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride) inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin hydrochloride triggers autophagy.
  • HY-110228
    Metformin D6 hydrochloride

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide D6 hydrochloride

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin D6 hydrochloride is a deuterium labeled Metformin hydrochloride. Metformin hydrochloride inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin hydrochloride triggers autophagy.
  • HY-101923B
    LYN-1604 dihydrochloride

    ULK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    LYN-1604 dihydrochloride is a potent UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) activator (EC50=18.94 nM) for the research of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).
  • HY-B0627
    Metformin

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin (1,1-Dimethylbiguanide) inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin can cross the blood-brain barrier and triggers autophagy.
  • HY-100548
    GSK621

    AMPK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    GSK621 is a specific AMPK activator, with IC50 values of 13-30 μM for AML cells. GSK621 induces autophagy and apoptosis. GSK621 induces eiF2α phosphorylation-a hallmark of UPR activation.
  • HY-135825
    TFEB activator 1

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    TFEB activator 1 is an orally effective, mTOR-independent activator of TFEB. TFEB activator 1 significantly promotes the nuclear translocation of Flag-TFEB with an EC50 of 2167 nM. TFEB activator 1 enhances autophagy without inhibiting the mTOR pathway and has the potential for neurodegenerative diseases treatment.
  • HY-13030
    (+)-JQ-1

    JQ1

    Epigenetic Reader Domain Autophagy Ligand for Target Protein for PROTAC Cancer
    (+)-JQ-1 (JQ1) is a potent, specific, and reversible BET bromodomain inhibitor, with IC50s of 77 and 33 nM for the first and second bromodomain (BRD4(1/2)). (+)-JQ-1 also activates autophagy.
  • HY-10162
    Olaparib

    AZD2281; KU0059436

    PARP Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer
    Olaparib (AZD2281; KU0059436) is a potent and orally active PARP inhibitor with IC50s of 5 and 1 nM for PARP1 and PARP2, respectively. Olaparib is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-115453
    UBCS039

    Sirtuin Autophagy Cancer
    UBCS039 is the first synthetic, specific Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) activator, inducing autophagy in human tumor cells, with an EC50 of 38 μM.
  • HY-100973A
    Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium

    ADP ribose sodium

    TRP Channel Autophagy Endocrinology Metabolic Disease
    Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium (ADP ribose sodium) is a nicotinamide adenine nucleotide (NAD +) metabolite. Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium is the most potent and primary intracellular Ca 2+-permeable cation TRPM2 channel activator. Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium also can enhance autophagy.
  • HY-B0795
    MHY1485

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    MHY1485 is a potent cell-permeable mTOR activator that targets the ATP domain of mTOR. MHY1485 inhibits autophagy by suppression of fusion between autophagosomes and lysosomes
  • HY-N2149A
    Tomatidine hydrochloride

    NF-κB JNK Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Tomatidine hydrochloride acts as an anti-inflammatory agent by blocking NF-κB and JNK signaling. Tomatidine hydrochloride activates autophagy either in mammal cells or C elegans.
  • HY-N2149
    Tomatidine

    NF-κB JNK Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Tomatidine acts as an anti-inflammatory agent by blocking NF-κB and JNK signaling. Tomatidine activates autophagy either in mammal cells or C elegans.
  • HY-N0817
    Polyphyllin G

    Apoptosis Autophagy Bacterial Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Polyphyllin G is isolated from the rhizomes of Paris yunnanensis, with antimicrobial and anticancer activity. Polyphyllin G prevents the growth of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). Polyphyllin G induces apoptosis dependent on the activations of caspase-8, -3, and -9, induces autophagy.
  • HY-15371
    Forskolin

    Coleonol; Colforsin

    Adenylate Cyclase FXR Autophagy Cancer Endocrinology Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Forskolin (Coleonol) is a potent adenylate cyclase activator with an IC50 of 41 nM and an EC50 of 0.5 μM for type I adenylyl cyclase. Forskolin is also an inducer of intracellular cAMP formation. Forskolin induces differentiation of various cell types and activates pregnane X receptor (PXR) and FXR. Forskolin exerts a inotropic effect on the heart, and has platelet antiaggregatory and antihypertensive actions. Forskolin also induces autophagy.
  • HY-128892
    EN6

    Autophagy Proton Pump Neurological Disease
    EN6 is a small-molecule in vivo activator of autophagy that covalently targets cysteine 277 in the ATP6V1A subunit of the lysosomal the vacuolar H + ATPase (v-ATPase). EN6-mediated ATP6V1A modification decouples the v-ATPase from the Rags, leading to inhibition of mTORC1 signaling, increased lysosomal acidification and activation of autophagy. EN6 clears TDP-43 aggregates, a causative agent in frontotemporal dementia, in a lysosome-dependent manner.
  • HY-13417A
    AICAR phosphate

    Acadesine phosphate; AICA Riboside phosphate

    AMPK Autophagy YAP Mitophagy Cancer
    AICAR phosphate (Acadesine phosphate) is an adenosine analog and a AMPK activator. AICAR phosphate regulates the glucose and lipid metabolism, and inhibits proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS production. AICAR phosphate is also an autophagy, YAP and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-13417
    AICAR

    Acadesine; AICA Riboside

    AMPK Autophagy YAP Mitophagy Cancer
    AICAR (Acadesine) is an adenosine analog and a AMPK activator. AICAR regulates the glucose and lipid metabolism, and inhibits proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS production. AICAR is also an autophagy, YAP and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-14266
    Dapivirine

    TMC120; R147681

    HIV Reverse Transcriptase Apoptosis Autophagy Infection
    Dapivirine (TMC120), the prototype of diarylpyrimidines (DAPY), is an orally active and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). Dapivirine (TMC120) binds directly to HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. Dapivirine (TMC120) regulates autophagy and induced Akt, Bad and SAPK/JNK activations.
  • HY-10999
    Trametinib

    GSK1120212; JTP-74057

    MEK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Trametinib (GSK1120212; JTP-74057) is an orally active MEK inhibitor that inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50s of about 2 nM. Trametinib activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N3005
    Britannin

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Britannin, isolated from Inula aucheriana, is a sesquiterpene lactone. Britannin induces apoptosis and autophagy by activating AMPK regulated by ROS in liver cancer cells. Britannin has anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-10249
    GSK-690693

    Akt AMPK Autophagy Cancer
    GSK-690693 is an ATP-competitive pan-Akt inhibitor with IC50s of 2 nM, 13 nM, 9 nM for Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3, respectively. GSK-690693 is also an AMPK inhibitor, affects Unc-51-like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) activity and robustly inhibits STING-dependent IRF3 activation.
  • HY-124729A
    (Rac)-BL-918

    ULK Autophagy Neurological Disease
    (Rac)-BL-918 is the racemate of BL-918. BL-918 is a potent activator of UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1), inducing cytoprotective autophagy for Parkinson’s disease treatment.
  • HY-10219
    Rapamycin

    Sirolimus; AY-22989

    mTOR FKBP Fungal Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Antibiotic Cancer
    Rapamycin (Sirolimus; AY 22989) is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
  • HY-N6872
    Actein

    JNK Akt Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Actein is a triterpene glycoside isolated from the rhizomes of Cimicifuga foetida. Actein suppresses cell proliferation, induces autophagy and apoptosis through promoting ROS/JNK activation, and blunting AKT pathway in human bladder cancer. Actein has little toxicity in vivo.
  • HY-16592
    Brefeldin A

    BFA; Cyanein; Decumbin

    Autophagy CRISPR/Cas9 Mitophagy HSV Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Brefeldin A (BFA) is a lactone antibiotic and a specific inhibitor of protein trafficking. Brefeldin A blocks the transport of secreted and membrane proteins from endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi apparatus. Brefeldin A is also an autophagy and mitophagy inhibitor. Brefeldin A is a CRISPR/Cas9 activator. Brefeldin A inhibits HSV-1 and has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-N0112
    Dihydromyricetin

    Ampelopsin; Ampeloptin

    mTOR Influenza Virus DNA/RNA Synthesis Autophagy Cancer Infection
    Dihydromyricetin is a potent inhibitor with an IC50 of 48 μM on dihydropyrimidinase. Dihydromyricetin can activate autophagy through inhibiting mTOR signaling. Dihydromyricetin suppresses the formation of mTOR complexes (mTORC1/2). Dihydromyricetin is also a potent influenza RNA-dependent RNA polymerase inhibitor with an IC50 of 22 nM.
  • HY-13259
    MG-132

    Z-Leu-Leu-Leu-al; MG132

    Proteasome Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    MG-132 (Z-Leu-Leu-Leu-al) is a potent proteasome and calpain inhibitor with IC50s of 100 nM and 1.2 μM, respectively. MG-132 effectively blocks the proteolytic activity of the 26S proteasome complex. MG-132, a peptide aldehyde, also is an autophagy activator. MG-132 also induces apoptosis.
  • HY-12041
    SP600125

    JNK Autophagy Apoptosis Ferroptosis Cancer
    SP600125 is an orally active, reversible, and ATP-competitive JNK inhibitor with IC50s of 40, 40 and 90 nM for JNK1, JNK2 and JNK3, respectively. SP600125 is a potent ferroptosis inhibitor. SP600125 inhibits autophagy and activates apoptosis.
  • HY-10999A
    Trametinib (DMSO solvate)

    GSK-1120212 (DMSO solvate); JTP-74057 (DMSO solvate)

    MEK Apoptosis Cancer
    Trametinib (DMSO solvate) (GSK-1120212 (DMSO solvate);JTP-74057 (DMSO solvate)) is an orally active MEK inhibitor that inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50s of about 2 nM. Trametinib (DMSO solvate) activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-12028
    PD98059

    MEK ERK Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    PD98059 is a potent and selective MEK inhibitor with an IC50 of 5 µM. PD98059 binds to the inactive form of MEK, thereby preventing the activation of MEK1 (IC50 of 2-7 µM) and MEK2 (IC50 of 50 µM) by upstream kinases. PD98059 is a ERK1/2 signaling inhibitor. PD98059 is a ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), and suppresses TCDD binding (IC50 of 4 μM) and AHR transformation (IC50 of 1 μM). PD98059 also inhibits autophagy.
  • HY-10182B
    CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride

    CT99021 trihydrochloride

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride (CT99021 trihydrochloride) is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-10182
    CHIR-99021

    CT99021

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. CHIR-99021 shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. CHIR-99021 is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. CHIR-99021 enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. CHIR-99021 induces autophagy.
  • HY-10219S
    Rapamycin-d3

    Sirolimus-d3; AY-22989-d3

    mTOR FKBP Autophagy Cancer
    Rapamycin-d3 (Sirolimus-d3) is the deuterium labeled Rapamycin. Rapamycin is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
  • HY-N4113
    Glycycoumarin

    Autophagy Cancer
    Glycycoumarin is a major bioactive coumarin of licorice. Glycycoumarin inhibits hepatocyte lipoapoptosis through activation of autophagy and inhibition of ER stress-mediated JNK and GSK-3-mediated mitochondrial pathway. Glycycoumarin exerts anti-liver cancer activity by directly targeting T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase .
  • HY-13757A
    Tamoxifen

    ICI 47699; (Z)-Tamoxifen; trans-Tamoxifen

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR HSP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Tamoxifen (ICI 47699) is an orally active, selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) which blocks estrogen action in breast cells and can activate estrogen activity in other cells, such as bone, liver, and uterine cells. Tamoxifen is a potent Hsp90 activator and enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen also potent inhibits infectious EBOV Zaire and Marburg (MARV) with IC50 of 0.1 µM and 1.8 µM, respectively. Tamoxifen activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-10201
    Sorafenib

    Bay 43-9006

    Raf VEGFR FLT3 Autophagy Apoptosis Ferroptosis Cancer
    Sorafenib (Bay 43-9006) is a potent and orally active Raf inhibitor with IC50s of 6 nM and 20 nM for Raf-1 and B-Raf, respectively. Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor with IC50s of 90 nM, 15 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM and 58 nM for VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, FLT3 and c-Kit, respectively. Sorafenib induces autophagy and apoptosis. Sorafenib has anti-tumor activity. Sorafenib is a ferroptosis activator.
  • HY-18980
    Rottlerin

    Mallotoxin; NSC 56346; NSC 94525

    PKC Autophagy Apoptosis Infection Cancer
    Rottlerin, a natural product purified from Mallotus Philippinensis, is a specific PKC inhibitor, with IC50 values for PKCδ of 3-6 μM, PKCα,β,γ of 30-42 μM, PKCε,η,ζ of 80-100 μM. Rottlerin acts as a direct mitochondrial uncoupler, and stimulates autophagy by targeting a signaling cascade upstream of mTORC1. Rottlerin induces apoptosis via caspase 3 activation.
  • HY-10201A
    Sorafenib Tosylate

    Bay 43-9006 Tosylate

    Raf VEGFR FLT3 Autophagy Ferroptosis Apoptosis Cancer
    Sorafenib Tosylate (Bay 43-9006 Tosylate) is a potent and orally active Raf inhibitor with IC50s of 6 nM and 20 nM for Raf-1 and B-Raf, respectively. SorafenibTosylate is a multikinase inhibitor with IC50s of 90 nM, 15 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM and 58 nM for VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, FLT3 and c-Kit, respectively. Sorafenib Tosylate induces autophagy and apoptosis. Sorafenib Tosylate has anti-tumor activity. Sorafenib Tosylate is a ferroptosis activator.
  • HY-N0047
    Polyphyllin I

    JNK mTOR Akt PDK-1 Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Polyphyllin I is a bioactive constituent extracted from Paris polyphylla, has strong anti-tumor activity. Polyphyllin I is an activator of the JNK signaling pathway and is an inhibitor of PDK1/Akt/mTOR signaling. Polyphyllin I induces autophagy, G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis.
  • HY-13757
    Tamoxifen Citrate

    ICI 46474; (Z)-Tamoxifen Citrate; trans-Tamoxifen Citrate

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR HSP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Tamoxifen Citrate (ICI 46474) is an orally active, selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) which blocks estrogen action in breast cells and can activate estrogen activity in other cells, such as bone, liver, and uterine cells.Tamoxifen Citrate is a potent Hsp90 activator and enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen Citrate also potent inhibits infectious EBOV Zaire and Marburg (MARV) with IC50 of 0.1 µM and 1.8 µM, respectively. Tamoxifen Citrate activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-10182A
    CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride

    CT99021 monohydrochloride

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride (CT99021 monohydrochloride) is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-18676
    OSU-T315

    Integrin Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    OSU-T315 (ILK-IN-1) is a small Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.6 μM, inhibiting PI3K/AKT signaling by dephosphorylation of AKT-Ser473 and other ILK targets (GSK-3β and myosin light chain). OSU-T315 abrogates AKT activation by impeding AKT localization in lipid rafts and triggers caspase-dependent apoptosis in an ILK-independent manner. OSU-T315 causes cell death through apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-10108
    LY294002

    PI3K Casein Kinase DNA-PK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Infection
    LY294002 is a broad-spectrum inhibitor of PI3K with IC50s of 0.5, 0.57, and 0.97 μM for PI3Kα, PI3Kδ and PI3Kβ, respectively. LY294002 also inhibits CK2 with an IC50 of 98 nM. LY294002 is a competitive DNA-PK inhibitorr that binds reversibly to the kinase domain of DNA-PK with an IC50 of 1.4 μM. LY294002 is an autophagy and apoptosis activator.
  • HY-10256A
    SB 203580 hydrochloride

    RWJ 64809 hydrochloride

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Mitophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    SB 203580 hydrochloride (RWJ 64809 hydrochloride) is a selective and ATP-competitive p38 MAPK inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 500 nM for SAPK2a/p38 and SAPK2b/p38β2, respectively. SB 203580 hydrochloride inhibits LCK, GSK3β and PKBα with IC50s of 100-500-fold higher than that for SAPK2a/p38. SB 203580 hydrochloride is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-10256
    SB 203580

    RWJ 64809

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Mitophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    SB 203580 (RWJ 64809) is a selective and ATP-competitive p38 MAPK inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 500 nM for SAPK2a/p38 and SAPK2b/p38β2, respectively. SB 203580 inhibits LCK, GSK3β and PKBα with IC50s of 100-500-fold higher than that for SAPK2a/p38. SB 203580 does not disrupt JNK activity and is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-13027
    DAPT

    GSI-IX

    γ-secretase Amyloid-β Autophagy Notch Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    DAPT (GSI-IX) is a potent and orally active γ-secretase inhibitor with IC50s of 115 nM and 200 nM for total amyloid-β (Aβ) and 42, respectively. DAPT inhibits the activation of Notch 1 signaling and induces cell differentiation. DAPT also induces autophagy and apoptosis. DAPT has neuroprotection activity and has the potential for autoimmune and lymphoproliferative diseases, degenerative disease and cancers treatment.
  • HY-N0103A
    Sophocarpine monohydrate

    Autophagy Apoptosis PI3K Akt Influenza Virus Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Sophocarpine (monohydrate) is one of the significant alkaloid extracted from the traditional herb medicine Sophora flavescens which has many pharmacological properties such as anti-virus, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory. Sophocarpine (monohydrate) significantly inhibits the growth of gastric cancer (GC) cells through multiple mechanisms such as induction of autophagy, activation of cell apoptosis and down-regulation of cell survival PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Sophocarpine (monohydrate) has been demonstrated to have anti-tumor activity in various cancer cells, including hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
  • HY-N0103
    Sophocarpine

    Autophagy Apoptosis PI3K Akt Influenza Virus Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Sophocarpine is one of the significant alkaloid extracted from the traditional herb medicine Sophora flavescens which has many pharmacological properties such as anti-virus, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory. Sophocarpine significantly inhibits the growth of gastric cancer (GC) cells through multiple mechanisms such as induction of autophagy, activation of cell apoptosis and down-regulation of cell survival PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Sophocarpine has been demonstrated to have anti-tumor activity in various cancer cells, including hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
  • HY-N6002
    3'-Hydroxypterostilbene

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    3'-Hydroxypterostilbene, a natural pterostilbene analogue, effectively inhibits the growth of human colon cancer cells (IC50s of 9.0, 40.2, and 70.9 µM for COLO 205, HCT-116, and HT-29 cells, respectively) by inducing apoptosis and autophagy. 3'-Hydroxypterostilbene inhibits the PI3K/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K, and p38MAPK pathways and activates the ERK1/2, JNK1/2 MAPK pathways.
  • HY-100008
    Peretinoin

    NIK333

    RAR/RXR SPHK Autophagy HCV Cancer Infection
    Peretinoin is an oral acyclic retinoid retinoid with a vitamin A-like structure that targets retinoid nuclear receptors such as retinoid X receptor (RXR) and retinoic acid receptor (RAR). Peretinoin reduces the mRNA level of sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1) in vitro by downregulating a transcription factor, Sp1. Peretinoin prevents the progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through activating the autophagy pathway by increased Atg16L1 expression. Peretinoin inhibits HCV RNA amplification and virus release by altering lipid metabolism with a EC50 of 9 μM.
  • HY-111373
    RapaLink-1

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    RapaLink-1, the third-generation bivalent mTOR inhibitor, combines Rapamycin with MLN0128 (a second-generation mTOR kinase inhibitor) by an inert chemical linker. RapaLink-1 shows better efficacy than Rapamycin or mTOR kinase inhibitors (TORKi), potently blocking cancer-derived, activating mutants of mTOR. RapaLink-1 can cross the blood-brain barrier. RapaLink-1 binding to FKBP12 results in targeted and durable inhibition of mTORC1. RapaLink-1 plays an antithrombotic role in antiphospholipid syndrome by improving autophagy. Anticancer activity.