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Pathways Recommended: Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
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DNA damage

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Cat. No. Product Name
  • HY-L004
    2,037 compounds

    DNA is prone to numerous forms of damage that can injure cells and impair fitness. Cells have developed an array of mechanisms to repair these injuries. Proliferating cells are especially vulnerable to DNA damage due to the added demands of cellular growth and division. Cell cycle checkpoints represent integral components of DNA repair that coordinate cooperation between the machinery of the cell cycle and several biochemical pathways that respond to damage and restore DNA structure. By delaying progression through the cell cycle, checkpoints provide more time for repair before the critical phases of DNA replication, when the genome is replicated, and of mitosis, when the genome is segregated. Loss or attenuation of checkpoint function may increase spontaneous and induced gene mutations and chromosomal aberrations by reducing the efficiency of DNA repair.

    MCE owns a unique collection of 2,037 cell cycle/DNA damage-related compounds which can be used in the research of the same.

  • HY-L179
    41 compounds

    Radiotherapy is a common treatment for various cancers, and more than 50% of cancer patients require radiotherapy during the disease treatment. With advances in radiation technology and a better understanding of tumor biology, the efficacy of radiation therapy has gradually improved, and more and more patients have benefited from it. However, even with the use of advanced radiotherapy techniques, there are still many malignant tumor cells with low sensitivity to radiation, leading to the radiation effect is not ideal. To solve this problem, radiosensitizers have received more and more attention. Radiosensitizer is a kind of drug that can enhance the radiosensitivity of tumor cells and improve the effect of radiotherapy. Radiation sensitizers act in a variety of ways, such as killing hypoxic cells, enhancing DNA damage, inhibiting DNA damage repair, and blocking cell cycle progression, making tumor cells more susceptible to radiation damage and death than surrounding normal cells.

    MCE designs a unique collection of 41 compounds with definite reported radiosensitization. It can be used for drug combination research in anti-cancer treatment.

  • HY-L178
    1,809 compounds

    Radiation sickness is a general term for various types and degrees of damage (or disease) occurring in the human body after exposure to ionizing radiation. Although small amounts of ionizing radiation can also cause the body to produce free radicals and ROS, causing oxidative stress, resulting in DNA damage and chromosomal aberration. Radioprotector are compounds with radiation protection that can be used to prevent/protect non-tumor cells from the harmful effects of radiation. Radioprotective compounds can prevent the damage of radioactive substances to the human body and reduce the clinical symptoms of various radioactive diseases. In addition, radioprotectors can protect normal cells from damage during radiation therapy. The ideal anti-radiation drug should not affect the sensitivity of tumor cells to radiation therapy while protecting normal cells.

    MCE designs a unique collection of 1,809 radioprotectors. Radioprotector Library is an effective tool for acute Radiation Syndrome, drug combination research with radiation drugs.

  • HY-L135
    2,138 compounds

    With the progress of modern cancer therapy, the life of cancer patients has been extended. However, after initial treatment and recovery, the development of secondary tumors often leads to cancer recurrence. Cancer stem cells are a small number of cells that tumor growth and reproduction depend on.

    Cancer stem cells have strong self-renewal ability, which is the direct cause of tumor occurrence. In addition, cancer stem cells also have the ability to differentiate into different cell types, playing a crucial role in tumor metastasis and development. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy induced DNA damage and apoptosis are common cancer treatments. However, cancer stem cells can effectively protect cancer cells from apoptosis by activating DNA repair ability. Cancer stem cells are regarded as the key "seed" of tumor occurrence, development, metastasis and recurrence. Since its first discovery in leukemia in 1994, cancer stem cells have been considered a promising therapeutic target for cancer treatment.

    MCE supplies a unique collection of 2,138 compounds targeting key proteins in cancer stem cells. MCE Cancer Stem Cells Compound Library is a useful tool for cancer stem cells related research and anti-cancer drug development.

  • HY-L024
    629 compounds

    A histone modification, a covalent post-translational modification (PTM) to histone proteins, includes methylation, phosphorylation, acetylation, ubiquitylation, and sumoylation, etc. In general, histone modifications are catalyzed by specific enzymes that act predominantly at the histone N-terminal tails involving amino acids such as lysine or arginine, as well as serine, threonine, tyrosine, etc. The PTMs made to histones can impact gene expression by altering chromatin structure or recruiting histone modifiers. Histone modifications act in diverse biological processes such as transcriptional activation/inactivation, chromosome packaging, and DNA damage/repair. Deregulation of histone modification contributes to many diseases, including cancer and autoimmune diseases.

    MCE owns a unique collection of 629 bioactive compounds targeting Epigenetic Reader Domain, HDAC, Histone Acetyltransferase, Histone Demethylase, Histone Methyltransferase, Sirtuin, etc. Histone Modification Research Compound Library is a useful tool for histone modification research and drug screening.

  • HY-L050
    257 compounds

    Protein ubiquitination is an enzymatic post-translational modification in which an ubiquitin protein is attached to a substrate protein. Ubiquitination involves three main steps: activation, conjugation, and ligation, performed by ubiquitin-activating enzymes (E1s), ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s), and ubiquitin ligases (E3s), respectively. Ubiquitination affects cellular processes such as apoptosis, cell cycle, DNA damage repair, and membrane transportation, etc. by regulating the degradation of proteins (via the proteasome and lysosome), altering the cellular localization of proteins, affecting proteins activity, and promoting or preventing protein-protein interactions. Deregulation of ubiquitin pathway leads to many diseases such as neurodegeneration, cancer, infection and immunity, etc.

    MCE offers a unique collection of 257 small molecule modulators with biological activity used for ubiquitination research. Compounds in this library target the key enzymes in ubiquitin pathway. MCE Ubiquitination Compound Library is a useful tool for the research of ubiquitination regulation and the corresponding diseases.

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