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Natural Inhibitors

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Inhibitors & Agonists


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Isotope-Labeled Compounds

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-N0149

    D-(−)-Salicin; Salicoside

    COX Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Salicin is a natural COX inhibitor.
  • HY-B0134


    Aminopeptidase Bacterial Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Bestatin is a natural, broad-spectrum, and competitive aminopeptidase inhibitor.
  • HY-N0716

    Natural Yellow 18

    Topoisomerase Autophagy Bacterial Reactive Oxygen Species Endogenous Metabolite Antibiotic Inflammation/Immunology
    Berberine (Natural Yellow 18) is an alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herbal medicine Huanglian, as an antibiotic. Berberine (Natural Yellow 18) induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and inhibits DNA topoisomerase. Berberine (Natural Yellow 18) has antineoplastic properties.
  • HY-N0726
    Dracorhodin perchlorate

    Dracohodin perochlorate

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Dracorhodin perchlorate (Dracohodin perochlorate) is a natural product extracted from a natural medicine Dragon's blood. Dracorhodin perchlorate inhibits cell proliferation and induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.
  • HY-N8399
    Yadanziolide B

    Influenza Virus Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Yadanziolide B, a natural quassinoid, is a potential H5N1 neuraminidase inhibitor.
  • HY-N0243

    Influenza Virus Endogenous Metabolite Infection
    Theaflavin is a suitable natural inhibitor against influenza A (H1N1) neuraminidase.
  • HY-N0077
    Ginkgolic Acid

    Ginkgolic acid (15:1); Ginkgolic acid I; Romanicardic acid

    E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Cancer
    Ginkgolic Acid is a natural compound that inhibits SUMOylation with an IC50 of 3.0 μM in in vitro assay.
  • HY-N8151

    Bacterial Infection
    Sanguisorbigenin is a natural antibacterial agent that inhibits methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA).
  • HY-W004291
    Methyl arachidate

    Methyl eicosanoate

    Aminopeptidase Inflammation/Immunology
    Methyl arachidate (Methyl eicosanoate), a natural compound, is a leukotriene A4 hydrolase (LTA4H) inhibitor.
  • HY-N1502


    Others Cancer
    Carboxyatractyloside is a toxic natural product, acts as an inhibitor of ADP/ATP carrier, inhibits mitochondrial ADP/ATP transport.
  • HY-B0183
    Ellagic acid

    Casein Kinase Reactive Oxygen Species Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Neurological Disease
    Ellagic acid is a natural antioxidant, and acts as a potent and ATP-competitive CK2 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 40 nM and a Ki of 20 nM.
  • HY-N2522
    Carboxyatractyloside dipotassium

    Gummiferin dipotassium

    Others Others
    Carboxyatractyloside dipotassium is a toxic natural product, acts as an inhibitor of ADP/ATP carrier, inhibits mitochondrial ADP/ATP transport.
  • HY-N0859

    Schizanhenol; Gomisin-K3

    Others Cancer
    Schisanhenol is a natural compound solated from Schisandra rubriflora; UGT2B7 UDP-glucuronosyltransferases inhibitor.
  • HY-N2033
    Chebulinic acid

    DNA/RNA Synthesis TGF-beta/Smad Proton Pump Infection
    Chebulinic acid is a potent natural inhibitor of M. tuberculosis DNA gyrase, also can inhibit SMAD-3 phosphorylation, inhibit H+ K+-ATPase activity.
  • HY-N0168

    Apoptosis p38 MAPK Autophagy Neurological Disease Cancer
    Hesperetin is a natural flavanone, and acts as a potent and broad-spectrum inhibitor against human UGT activity. Hesperetin induces apoptosis.
  • HY-A0210

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Fungal Antibiotic Infection Metabolic Disease
    Cerulenin, the best known natural inhibitor of fatty acid synthase (FASN), is an epoxide produced by the fungus Cephalosporium caeruleus.
  • HY-B0183A
    Ellagic acid (hydrate)

    Casein Kinase Cancer
    Ellagic acid hydrate is a natural antioxidant, and acts as a potent and ATP-competitive CK2 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 40 nM and a Ki of 20 nM.
  • HY-N0184A
    Dipotassium glycyrrhizinate

    Glycyrrhizic acid dipotassium; Dipotassium glycyrrhizate

    Virus Protease Inflammation/Immunology
    Dipotassium glycyrrhizinate is a natural compound, inhibits atopic dermatitis-related gene expression with anti-anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-N1950


    Pim Cancer
    Hispidulin is a natural flavone with a broad spectrum of biological activities. Hispidulin is a Pim-1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 2.71 μM.
  • HY-N2392
    Kukoamine A

    Parasite Infection Cardiovascular Disease
    Kukoamine A is a natural occurring spermine derivative, acts as a potent inhibitor of trypanothione reductase (Ki, 1.8 μM), with antihypertensive activity.
  • HY-N0125

    Cytochrome P450 Cancer
    Diosmetin is a natural flavonoid which inhibits human CYP1A enzyme activity with an IC50 of 40 μM in HepG2 cell.
  • HY-N1405
    Cucurbitacin I

    Elatericin B; JSI-124; NSC-521777

    STAT JAK Cancer
    Cucurbitacin I is a natural selective inhibitor of JAK2/STAT3, with potent anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-N8205
    Hispidulin 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside

    SARS-CoV Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Hispidulin 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranosid, a natural compound, may serve as a potential COVID-19 main protease inhibitor.
  • HY-N2182
    Episyringaresinol 4'-O-β-D-glncopyranoside

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Episyringaresinol 4'-O-β-D-glncopyranoside (compound 22), isolated from Alhagi sparsifolia Shap, is a natural potential neuroinflammatory inhibitor.
  • HY-N3710

    Kumujian G; O-Methylpicrasidine I

    JAK Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    Dehydrocrenatidine, a natural alkaloid, is a specific JAK inhibitor. Dehydrocrenatidine inhibits voltage-gated sodium channels and ameliorates mechanic allodia in a rat model of neuropathic pain.
  • HY-N0862

    Influenza Virus Cancer Infection
    Harringtonine is a natural Cephalotaxus alkaloid that inhibits protein synthesis. Harringtonine has anti-chikungunya virus (CHIKV) activities with an EC50 of 0.24 μM.
  • HY-N0856
    Alisol C 23-acetate

    23-O-Acetylalisol C; Alisol C monoacetate

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Alisol C 23-acetate, a natural product extracted from Alisma orientale, can significantly and strongly inhibit DTH response after oral administration.
  • HY-N1369

    Others Neurological Disease
    Menthol is a natural analgesic compound. Menthol could cause a feeling of coolness due to stimulation of ‘cold’ receptors by inhibiting Ca ++ currents of neuronal membranes.
  • HY-N0174

    Cryptotanshinon; Tanshinone c

    STAT Autophagy Cancer
    Cryptotanshinone is a natural compound extracted from the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge that shows antitumor activities. Cryptotanshinone inhibits STAT3 with an IC50 of 4.6 μM.
  • HY-N0054

    Osthol; NSC 31868

    Histamine Receptor Apoptosis Parasite HBV Cancer Infection Endocrinology Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Osthole (Osthol) is a natural antihistamine alternative. Osthole may be a potential inhibitor of histamine H1 receptor activity. Osthole also suppresses the secretion of HBV in cells.
  • HY-N3033

    FAAH Autophagy Metabolic Disease
    N-​Benzyllinolenamide is a natural macamide isolated from Lepidium meyenii, acts as an inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) with an IC50 of 41.8 μM.
  • HY-N6862
    Lucideric acid A

    MMP Cancer
    Lucideric acid A is a natural compound isolated from Ganoderma lucidum, inhibits PMA-induced MMP-9 activity, with anti-invasive effect on hepatoma cells.
  • HY-17577
    Berberine chloride hydrate

    Natural Yellow 18 chloride hydrate

    Topoisomerase Autophagy Bacterial Reactive Oxygen Species Antibiotic Cancer
    Berberine chloride hydrate (Natural Yellow 18 chloride hydrate) is an alkaloid that acts as an antibiotic. Berberine chloride hydrate induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and inhibits DNA topoisomerase. Antineoplastic properties.
  • HY-N4317

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Ethoxysanguinarine is a benzophenanthridine alkaloid natural product that is mainly found in Macleaya cordata. Ethoxysanguinarine inhibits viability and induces apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells by inhibiting protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A).
  • HY-N9315

    TNF Receptor Interleukin Related Inflammation/Immunology
    Episappanol is a natural compound isolated from Caesalpinia sappan heartwood with anti-inflammatory activity. Episappanol significantly inhibits the IL-6 and TNF-α secretion.
  • HY-N9343

    Bacterial Fungal Parasite Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Kulactone, a natural bioflavonoid and an inhibitor against jRdRp, possesses antifungal, antibacterial and antiplasmodial activities. Kulactone exhibit no crossing through Blood Brain Barrier (BBB).
  • HY-N6860
    Lucidenic acid C

    MMP Cancer
    Lucidenic acid C is a natural compound isolated from Ganoderma lucidum, inhibits PMA-induced MMP-9 activity, with anti-invasive effect on hepatoma cells.
  • HY-N6046

    NF-κB Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Kamebakaurin is a natural compound isolated from Isodon japonicus. Kamebakaurin is a potent inhibitor of NF-κB activation by directly targeting DNA-binding activity of p50.
  • HY-N0144

    Bioperine; 1-Piperoylpiperidine

    P-glycoprotein Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Piperine, a natural alkaloid isolated from Piper nigrum L, inhibits P-glycoprotein and CYP3A4 activities with an IC50 value of 61.94±0.054 μg/mL in HeLa cell.
  • HY-N0168A

    p38 MAPK Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    (Rac)-Hesperetin is the racemate of Hesperetin. Hesperetin is a natural flavanone, and acts as a potent and broad-spectrum inhibitor against human UGT activity. Hesperetin induces apoptosis via p38 MAPK activation.
  • HY-13595

    Chrysophanic acid

    EGFR Cancer
    Chrysophanol (Chrysophanic acid) is a natural anthraquinone, which inhibits EGF-induced phosphorylation of EGFR and suppresses activation of AKT and mTOR/p70S6K.
  • HY-N6985
    Baccatin III

    Others Cancer
    Baccatin III is a natural product isolated from Pacific yew tree and related species. Baccatin III reduces tumor progression by inhibiting the accumulation and suppressive function of MDSCs.
  • HY-18061


    STAT Bacterial Cancer Infection
    Ochromycinone ((Rac)-STA-21) is a natural antibiotic and a STAT3 inhibitor. Ochromycinone can inhibits STAT3 DNA binding activity, STAT3 dimerization. Ochromycinone has anticancer and antimicrobial activity.
  • HY-N1455

    Panaxynol; Carotatoxin

    HSP Cancer
    Falcarinol (Panaxynol) is a natural, orally active Hsp90 inhibitor targeting both the N-terminal and C-terminal of Hsp90 with limited toxicities. Falcarinol (Panaxynol) induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N8253

    Quercetin 4′-O-glucoside

    Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Spiraeoside, an orally active natural compound, exerts antioxidant activity, inhibits reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde production. Spiraeoside possesses antiallergic, anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities.
  • HY-N6017
    Bakkenolide A

    Others Cancer
    Bakkenolide A is a natural product extracted from Petasites tricholobus. Bakkenolide A inhibits leukemia by regulation of HDAC3 and PI3K/Akt-related signaling pathways.
  • HY-N0737
    Harmine hydrochloride

    Telepathine hydrochloride

    DYRK 5-HT Receptor Cancer Neurological Disease
    Harmine Hydrochloride (Telepathine Hydrochloride) is a natural DYRK inhibitor with anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities. Harmine has a high affinity of 5-HT2A serotonin receptor, with an Ki of 397 nM.
  • HY-119931

    Bcl-2 Family Apoptosis NF-κB Cancer Metabolic Disease
    2-hydroxychalcone, a natural flavonoid, is a potent antioxidant, inhibiting lipid peroxidation. 2-Hydroxychalcone induces apoptosis by Bcl-2 downregulation. 2-Hydroxychalcone inhibits the activation of NF-kB.
  • HY-N0139


    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Troxerutin, also known as vitamin P4, is a tri-hydroxyethylated derivative of natural bioflavonoid rutins which can inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depress ER stress-mediated NOD activation.
  • HY-N4053

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Heraclenin, a natural furanocoumarin, significantly inhibits T cell receptor-mediated proliferation in human primary T cells in a concentration-dependent manner by targeting nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT).
  • HY-N4167

    Galangin 3-methyl ether; 3-Methylgalangin

    Bacterial Infection
    3-O-Methylgalangin (Galangin 3-methyl ether) is a natural flavonoid compound from the rhizome of Alpinia officinarum (AO) with antibacterial activities, which also inhibits pancreatic lipase.
  • HY-N8395
    Tunicamycin V

    Tunicamycin A

    Bacterial Infection
    Tunicamycin V (Tunicamycin A) is a nucleoside natural product that inhibits bacterial phospho-N-acetylmuramyl-pentapeptide transferase (MraY) with an IC50 of 0.35 μM. Tunicamycin V has antibacterial activties.
  • HY-P0219

    Phosphatase Cancer
    Microcystin LA, a natural toxin, exerts its cytotoxic exects by inhibiting the serine-threonine protein phosphatases PP1 and PP2A with IC50s of 0.3 and 0.3 nM, respectively.
  • HY-N4288

    Glutathione Peroxidase Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    4-Methylesculetin is an orally active natural coumarin derivative, with potent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. 4-Methylesculetin inhibits myeloperoxidase activity and reduces IL-6 level.
  • HY-N4202

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    Dihydrorotenone, a natural pesticide, is a potent mitochondrial inhibitor. Dihydrorotenone probably induces Parkinsonian syndrome. Dihydrorotenone induces human plasma cell apoptosis by triggering endoplasmic reticulum stress and activating p38 signaling pathway.
  • HY-N2110

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Phellopterin is a natural product isolated from P. trifoliata. Phellopterin reduces TNF-alpha-induced VCAM-1 expression through regulation of the Akt and PKC pathway, which contributes to inhibit the adhesion of monocytes to endothelium.
  • HY-N0116

    Natural Black 1; Haematoxylin

    Amyloid-β Others
    Hematoxylin (Natural Black 1), a naturally occurring flavonoid compound derived from the logwood tree, Haematoxylon campechianum. Hematoxylin is a nuclear stain in histology and is also a potent Aβ42 fibrillogenesis inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.6 µM.
  • HY-120140
    Ganoderic acid DM

    Apoptosis PI3K Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Ganoderic acid DM, a natural triterpenoid isolated from Ganoderma lucidum, induces DNA damage, G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human breast cancer cells. Ganoderic acid DM as a specific inhibitor of osteoclastogenesis.
  • HY-N1127

    CMV Cancer Infection
    Tricin is a natural flavonoid present in large amounts in rice bran. Tricin can inhibit human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication by inhibiting CDK9. Tricin inhibits the proliferation and invasion of C6 glioma cells via the upregulation of focal-adhesion-finase (FAK)-targeting microRNA-7.
  • HY-122586

    CDK Interleukin Related Inflammation/Immunology
    BRD6989, an analog of the natural product cortistatin A (dCA), inhibits CDK8 and upregulates IL-10. BRD6989 selectively binds a complex of CDK8 with an IC50 of ~200 nM. BRD6989 inhibits the kinase activity of recombinant CDK8 or CDK19 complexes.
  • HY-N3417
    Kongensin A

    HSP RIP kinase Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Kongensin A is a natural product isolated from Croton kongensis. Kongensin A is an effective, covalent HSP90 inhibitor that blocks RIP3-dependent necroptosishas. Kongensin A is a potent necroptosis inhibitor and an apoptosis inducer. Kongensin A has potential anti-necroptosis and anti-inflammation applications.
  • HY-N0592

    NF-κB AMPK Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Demethyleneberberine is a natural mitochondria-targeted antioxidant. Demethyleneberberine alleviates mice colitis and inhibits the inflammatory responses by inhibiting NF-κB pathway and regulating the balance of Th cells. Demethyleneberberine could serve as a AMPK activator for treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
  • HY-W016586

    AT-125; U-42126

    Parasite Cancer Infection
    Acivicin (AT-125), a natural product produced by Streptomyces sviceus is a γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) inhibitor. Acivicin can across the blood-brain barrier and has anti-cancer, anti-parasitic properties.
  • HY-N9347

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Stepharine, an natural alkaloid, directly interactes with TLR4 and binds to the TLR4/MD2 complex (TLR4 inhibitor). Stepharine possesses anti-aging, anti-viral and anti-hypertensive effects.
  • HY-W016586A
    Acivicin hydrochloride

    AT-125 hydrochloride; U-42126 hydrochloride

    Parasite Cancer Infection
    Acivicin hydrochloride (AT-125 hydrochloride), a natural product produced by Streptomyces sviceus, is a γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) inhibitor. Acivicin hydrochloride can across the blood-brain barrier and has anti-cancer, anti-parasitic properties.
  • HY-129997
    Luteolinidin chloride

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Luteolinidin is a natural deoxyanthocyanidin, isolated from mosses and ferns. Luteolinidin is a potent CD38 inhibitor which can protect the heart against I/R injury with preservation of eNOS function and prevention of endothelial dysfunction in vivo.
  • HY-N0836


    Hedgehog Smo Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Jervine (11-Ketocyclopamine) is a potent Hedgehog (Hh) inhibitor with an IC50 of 500-700 nM. Jervine is a natural teratogenic sterodial alkaloid from rhizomes of Veratrum album. Jervine has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
  • HY-12686

    FR148083; L783279; LL-Z 1640-2

    MAP3K VEGFR Antibiotic Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    5Z-7-Oxozeaenol is a natural anti-protozoan compound from fungal origin, acting as a potent irreversible and selective inhibitor of TAK1 and VEGF-R2, with IC50s of 8 nM and 52 nM, respectively.
  • HY-77813
    Benzyl isothiocyanate

    Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Endocrinology
    Benzyl isothiocyanate is a member of natural isothiocyanates with antimicrobial activity. Benzyl isothiocyanate potent inhibits cell mobility, migration and invasion nature and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity of murine melanoma cells.
  • HY-32736

    NSC 165677; PG 492

    Wnt β-catenin Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Triptonide (NSC 165677) is a natural product identified in Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F.. Triptonide is a Wnt signaling inhibitor with an IC50 of appropriately 0.3 nM. Triptonide has immunosuppression, anti-inflammatory, anti-fertility, neuroprotective and anti-lymphoma effects.
  • HY-N0722
    Neochlorogenic acid

    trans-5-O-Caffeoylquinic acid

    NF-κB Interleukin Related TNF Receptor COX Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Neochlorogenic acid is a natural polyphenolic compound found in dried fruits and other plants. Neochlorogenic acid inhibits the production of TNF-α and IL-1β. Neochlorogenic acid suppresses iNOS and COX-2 protein expression. Neochlorogenic acid also inhibits phosphorylated NF-κB p65 and p38 MAPK activation.
  • HY-N6707
    Triacsin C

    WS 1228A; FR 900190

    Others Infection
    Triacsin C (WS 1228A), a natural intracellular long-chain acyl-CoA synthetases (ACSL) inhibitor, is from Streptomyces aureofaciens. Triacsin C inhibits TAG accumulation into lipid droplets (LD) by suppressing ACSL activity. Triacsin C is found to be highly effective against rotavirus replication.
  • HY-N0288

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Virus Protease Bacterial Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Lycorine is a natural alkaloid extracted from the Amaryllidaceae plant. Lycorine is a potent and orally active SCAP inhibitor with a Kd value 15.24 nM. Lycorine downregulates the SCAP protein level without changing its transcription. Lycorine is also a melanoma vasculogenic inhibitor. Lycorine can be used for the study of prostate cancer and metabolic diseases.
  • HY-N8218
    Homoeriodictyol 7-O-β-D-glucoside

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Homoeriodictyol 7-O-β-D-glucoside is a natural platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist. Homoeriodictyol 7-O-β-D-glucoside inhibits human and rabbit platelet aggregation induced by PAF, with an IC50 of 0.8 μM.
  • HY-N0523
    Gallic acid

    3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acid

    COX Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Ferroptosis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Gallic acid (3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acid) is a natural polyhydroxyphenolic compound and an free radical scavenger to inhibit cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Gallic acid has various activities, such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anticance activities.
  • HY-N0523A
    Gallic acid hydrate

    3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acid hydrate

    COX Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Ferroptosis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Gallic acid (3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acid) hydrate is a natural polyhydroxyphenolic compound and an free radical scavenger to inhibit cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Gallic acid hydrate has various activities, such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anticance activities.
  • HY-A0126A
    Epoprostenol sodium

    Prostaglandin I2 sodium salt; Prostacyclin sodium salt; Flolan

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Epoprostenol sodium (Prostaglandin I2 (sodium salt)), the synthetic form of the natural prostaglandin derivative prostacyclin (prostaglandin I2), is registered worldwide for the treatment of Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Epoprostenol sodium is used in pulmonary hypertension and transplantation as a potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation.
  • HY-N0211

    EGFR Apoptosis Cancer
    Cyasterone, a natural EGFR inhibitor, mainly isolated from Ajuga decumbens Thunb (Labiatae). Cyasterone manifests anti-proliferation effect by induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrests. Cyasterone may serves as a therapeutic anti-tumor agent against human tumors.
  • HY-N9326

    Phosphatase Metabolic Disease
    Uralenol is a natural PTP1B inhibitor (IC50=21. 5 μM) from Broussonetia papyrifera. PTP1B have been shown to play a major role in the dephosphorylation of the insulin receptor in many cellular and biochemical studies.
  • HY-N2345
    Procyanidin B3

    Histone Acetyltransferase Cancer
    Procyanidin B3 is a natural product, acts as a specific HAT inhibitor, binds to the other site of p300 instead of the active site, selectively inhibits p300-mediated androgen receptor acetylation. Procyanidin B3 has no effect on HDAC or HMT (histone methyltransferase).
  • HY-N6715
    Tenuazonic acid

    Influenza Virus Bacterial Infection
    Tenuazonic acid, belonging to tetramic acids that are the largest family of natural products, is a putative nonhost-selective mycotoxin isolated from Alternaria alternate. Tenuazonic acid blocks electron transport beyond primary quinone acceptor (QA) by interacting with D1 protein and it is a broad-spectrum and effective photosystem II (PSII) inhibitor.
  • HY-118482


    Others Neurological Disease
    Sauristolactam, a natural aristolactam isolated from aerial portions of Saururus chinensis, has significant neuroprotective activity against glutamate-induced toxicity in primary cultured rat cortical cells. Sauristolactam also inhibits the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis and has the potential to inhibit osteoclast differentiation.
  • HY-N8213

    Apoptosis Phospholipase Bacterial Parasite Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Rapanone is a natural benzoquinone. Rapanone exhibits a broad spectrum of biological actions, including anti-tumor, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antiparasitic. Rapanone also is a potent and selective human synovial PLA2 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 2.6 μM.
  • HY-N2491

    NF-κB Cancer
    Deoxyelephantopin, a natural bioactive sesquiterpene lactone from Elephantopus scaber, has shown promising anticancer effects against a broad spectrum of cancers. Deoxyelephantopin inhibits NF-κB, MAPK, PI3K/Akt, and β-catenin signaling.
  • HY-N1956
    Rubiadin-1-methyl ether

    NF-κB Metabolic Disease
    Rubiadin-1-methyl ether is a natural anthraquinone isolated from Morinda officinalis How, and inhibits osteoclastic bone resorption via inhibition on the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 and the degradation of IκBα as well as decrease in the nuclear translocation of p65.
  • HY-10529
    Betulinic acid

    Lupatic acid; Betulic acid

    Apoptosis Topoisomerase HIV Autophagy Mitophagy NF-κB Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Betulinic acid is a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid, acts as a eukaryotic topoisomerase I inhibitor, with an IC50 of 5 μM, and possesses anti-HIV, anti-malarial, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties. Betulinic acid acts as a new activator of NF-kB.
  • HY-N2533
    Cyanidin 3-sambubioside chloride

    Cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside chloride

    Influenza Virus Angiotensin-converting Enzyme (ACE) Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Cyanidin 3-sambubioside chloride (Cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside chloride), a major anthocyanin, a natural colorant, and is a potent NO inhibitor. Cyanidin 3-sambubioside chloride is a H274Y mutation inhibitor, and inhibits influenza neuraminidase activity with an IC50 of 72 μM. Cyanidin 3-sambubioside chloride inhibits angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and has antioxidant, anti-angiogenic and antiviral properties.
  • HY-N4100

    HIV SGLT Infection
    Trilobatin, a natural sweetener derived from Lithocarpus polystachyus Rehd, Trilobatin is an HIV-1 entry inhibitor targeting the HIV-1 Gp41 envelope. Neuroprotective effects. Trilobatin is also a SGLT1/2 inhibitor that selectively induces the proliferation of human hepatoblastoma cells.
  • HY-16059


    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Farnesyl Transferase Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Arglabin ((+)-Arglabin), a natural product isolated from Artemisia glabella, is a NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor. Arglabin shows anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. The antitumor activity of Arglabin proceeds through its inhibition of farnesyl transferase which leads to the activation of RAS proto-oncogene.
  • HY-N4205

    Cytochrome P450 Cancer
    Tetrahydropiperine, a cyclohexyl analogue of piperine, is the first natural aryl pentanamide from Piper longum. Tetrahydropiperine (compound 14) inhibits the cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoform CYP1A1/arylhydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH; IC50=23 µM).
  • HY-N7422


    Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Kauran-16,17-diol (ent-Kauran-16β,17-diol), a natural diterpene, posseses anti-tumor and inducing-apoptosis activity, with a IC50 of 17 μM on inhibiting NO production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages.
  • HY-N4327

    NF-κB Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Eurycomalactone is a natural product found in Eurycoma longifolia Jack., acts as a potent NF-κB inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.5 μM. Eurycomalactone inhibits protein synthesis, depletes cyclin D1, but does not affect TNFα-induced degradation of IκBα or the phosphorylation of IKKα/β and IκBα.
  • HY-N2574

    Glucosidase Metabolic Disease
    Gitogenin is a natural steroid isolated from the whole plant of Tribulus longipetalus. Gitogenin is a selective inhibitor of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A4 (UGT1A4) and enzyme α-glucosidase with IC50 values of 0.69 μM (use trifluoperazine as a substrate) and 37.2 μM, respectively, and does not inhibit the activities of major human cytochrome P450 isoforms.
  • HY-N0346A
    (E)-Ethyl p-methoxycinnamate

    COX Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    (E)-Ethyl p-methoxycinnamate is a natural product found in Kaempferia galangal with anti-inflammatory, anti-neoplastic and anti-microbial effects. (E)-Ethyl p-methoxycinnamate inhibits COX-1 and COX-2 in vitro with IC50s of 1.12 and 0.83 μM, respectively.
  • HY-P1259

    Proteasome Bacterial Inflammation/Immunology
    PR-39, a natural proline- and arginine-rich antibacterial peptide, is a noncompetitive, reversible and allosteric proteasome inhibitor. PR-39 reversibly binds to the α7 subunit of the proteasome and blocks degradation of NF-κB inhibitor IκBα by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. PR-39 stimulates angiogenesis, inhibits inflammatory responses and significant reduces myocardial infarct size in mice.
  • HY-18085

    PI3K Autophagy Mitophagy Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Cancer
    Quercetin, a natural flavonoid, is a stimulator of recombinant SIRT1 and also a PI3K inhibitor with IC50 of 2.4 μM, 3.0 μM and 5.4 μM for PI3K γ, PI3K δ and PI3K β, respectively.
  • HY-B0986


    Parasite Bacterial Apoptosis Glucosidase Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease
    Hexylresorcinol (4-Hexylresorcinol) is a natural compound found in plants with antimicrobial, anthelmintic, antiseptic and antitumor activities. Hexylresorcinol can induce apoptosis in squamous carcinoma cells. Hexylresorcinol is a reversible and noncompetitive inhibitor of α-glucosidase. Hexylresorcinol has protective effects against oxidative DNA damage.
  • HY-114936
    Piericidin A


    Bacterial ADC Cytotoxin Antibiotic Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    Piericidin A (AR-054) is a natural mitochondrial NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) inhibitor. Piericidin A is a potent neurotoxin and inhibits mitochondrial respiration by disrupting the electron transport system through its action on NADH-ubiquinone reductase. Piericidin A is also a potential quorum-sensing inhibitor that suppresses the expression of the virulence genes of Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (Eca). Piericidin A is an ADC cytotoxin and has anti-bacterial, anticancer, insecticidal activity.
  • HY-P1259A
    PR-39 TFA

    Proteasome Bacterial Inflammation/Immunology
    PR-39 TFA, a natural proline- and arginine-rich antibacterial peptide, is a noncompetitive, reversible and allosteric proteasome inhibitor. PR-39 TFAreversibly binds to the α7 subunit of the proteasome and blocks degradation of NF-κB inhibitor IκBα by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. PR-39 TFA stimulates angiogenesis, inhibits inflammatory responses and significant reduces myocardial infarct size in mice.
  • HY-W046353


    Apoptosis Cancer
    2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde (o-Methoxycinnamaldehyde) is a natural compound of Cinnamomum cassia, with antitumor activity. 2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis by mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) loss, activation of both caspase-3 and caspase-9. 2-Methoxycinnamaldehyde effectively inhibits platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced HASMC migration.
  • HY-129039
    Butyrolactone 3

    Histone Acetyltransferase Cancer
    Butyrolactone 3 is a specifical small-molecule inhibitor of the histone acetyltransferase Gcn5 (IC50=100 μM), which has a high affinity to the Gcn5 enzyme comparable to that of its natural substrate, histone H3. Butyrolactone 3 shows weak inhibitory on CBP (IC50=0.5 mM)
  • HY-N0192


    Tyrosinase Cancer
    Arbutin (β-Arbutin) is a competitive inhibitor of tyrosinase in melanocytes, with Ki app values of 1.42 mM for monophenolase; 0.9 mM for diphenolase. Arbutin is also used as depigmenting agents. Arbutin is a natural polyphenol isolated from the bearberry plant Arctostaphylos uvaursi, possesses with anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties.
  • HY-N0146
    Quercetin dihydrate

    PI3K Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Quercetin dihydrate, a natural flavonoid, is a stimulator of recombinant SIRT1 and a PI3K inhibitor with IC50s of 2.4 μM, 3.0 μM and 5.4 μM for PI3K γ, PI3K δ and PI3K β, respectively.
  • HY-119424

    Interleukin Related Inflammation/Immunology
    SP4206 is an IL-2/IL-2Rα interaction inhibitor. SP4206 binds with high affinity (Kd=70 nM) to IL-2 and blocks binding to its natural receptor IL-2Rα (Kd=10 nM).
  • HY-N0005S
    Curcumin D6

    Diferuloylmethane D6; Natural Yellow 3 D6; Turmeric yellow D6

    Keap1-Nrf2 Ferroptosis Autophagy Histone Acetyltransferase Epigenetic Reader Domain Mitophagy Influenza Virus Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Curcumin D6 (Diferuloylmethane D6) is a deuterium labeled Curcumin (Turmeric yellow). Curcumin (Turmeric yellow) is a natural phenolic compound with diverse pharmacologic effects including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiproliferative and antiangiogenic activities. Curcumin is an inhibitor of p300 histone acetylatransferase (HATs) and also shows inhibitory effects on NF-κB and MAPKs.
  • HY-119347

    IFNAR STAT Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Cirsilineol, a natural flavone compound, selectively inhibits IFN-γ/STAT1/T-bet signaling in intestinal CD4 + T cells. Cirsilineol has potent immunosuppressive and anti-tumor properties. Cirsilineol significantly ameliorates trinitro-benzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced T-cell-mediated experimental colitis in mice.
  • HY-13821


    Proteasome Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Epoxomicin (BU-4061T) is an epoxyketone-containing natural product and a potent, selective and irreversible proteasome inhibitor. Epoxomicin covalently binds to the LMP7, X, MECL1, and Z catalytic subunits of the proteasome and potently inhibits primarily the chymotrypsin-like activity. Epoxomicin can cross the blood-brain barrier. Epoxomicin has strongly antitumor and anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-N0240

    Others Cancer
    Herbacetin is a natural flavonoid from flaxseed, exerts various pharmacological activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects. Herbacetin is an Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) allosteric inhibitor, directly binds to Asp44, Asp243, and Glu384 on ODC. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the first step of polyamine biosynthesis.
  • HY-17389


    Autophagy Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Genipin ((+)-Genipin) is a natural crosslinking reagent derived from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruits. Genipin inhibits UCP2 (uncoupling protein 2) in cells. Genipin has a variety of bioactivities, including modulation on proteins, antitumor, anti-inflammation, immunosuppression, antithrombosis, and protection of hippocampal neurons. Genipin also can be used for type 2 diabetes research.
  • HY-14649
    Retinoic acid

    Vitamin A acid; all-trans-Retinoic acid; ATRA

    RAR/RXR PPAR Endogenous Metabolite Autophagy Cancer
    Retinoic acid is a metabolite of vitamin A that plays important roles in cell growth, differentiation, and organogenesis. Retinoic acid is a natural agonist of RAR nuclear receptors, with IC50s of 14 nM for RARα/β/γ. Retinoic acid bind to PPARβ/δ with Kd of 17 nM. Retinoic acid acts as an inhibitor of transcription factor Nrf2 through activation of retinoic acid receptor alpha.
  • HY-N0551

    Caspase Lipoxygenase Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Wedelolactone, a natural product from Ecliptae herba, suppresses LPS-induced caspase-11 expression by directly inhibiting the IKK Complex. Wedelolactone inhibits 5-lipoxygenase (5-Lox) (IC50~2.5 μM) activity by an oxygen radical scavenging mechanism. Wedelolactone induces caspase-dependent apoptosis in prostate cancer cells via downregulation of PKCε without inhibiting Akt. Anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities.
  • HY-N2572


    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Nepetin (6-Methoxyluteolin) is a natural flavonoid isolated from Eupatorium ballotaefolium HBK with potent anti-inflammatory activities. Nepetin inhibits IL-6, IL-8 and MCP-1 secretion with IC50 values of 4.43 μM, 3.42 μM and 4.17 μM, respectively in ARPE-19 cells.
  • HY-18085S
    Quercetin D5

    PI3K Autophagy Mitophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Quercetin D5 is a deuterium labeled Quercetin. Quercetin, a natural flavonoid, is a stimulator of recombinant SIRT1 and also a PI3K inhibitor with IC50 of 2.4 μM, 3.0 μM and 5.4 μM for PI3K γ, PI3K δ and PI3K β, respectively.
  • HY-Y0152A
    Cinchonine monohydrochloride hydrate

    (8R,9S)-Cinchonine monohydrochloride hydrate; LA40221 monohydrochloride hydrate

    Parasite Apoptosis Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Cinchonine ((8R,9S)-Cinchonine) monohydrochloride hydrate is a natural compound which has been effectively used as antimalarial agent. Cinchonine monohydrochloride hydrate activates endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis in human liver cancer cells. Cinchonine monohydrochloride hydrate is also an inhibitor of human platelet aggregation. Cinchonine monohydrochloride hydrate possesses a suppressive effect on adipogenesis.
  • HY-100560
    Abscisic acid

    (S)​-​(+)​-​Abscisic acid; ABA

    Endogenous Metabolite Proton Pump Metabolic Disease
    Abscisic acid ((S)-(+)-Abscisic acid), an orally active phytohormone in fruits and vegetables, is an endogenously produced mammalian hormone. Abscisic acid is a growth inhibitor and can regulate many aspects of plant growth and development. Abscisic acid inhibits proton pump (H +-ATPase) and leads to the plasma membrane depolarization in a Ca 2+-dependent manner. Abscisic acid, a LANCL2 natural ligand, is a potent insulin-sensitizing compound and has the potential for pre-diabetes, type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome.
  • HY-108485

    Src Apoptosis Fungal Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Damnacanthal is an anthraquinone isolated from the root of Morinda citrifolia. Damnacanthal is a highly potent, selective inhibitor of p56 lck tyrosine kinase activity. Natural Damnacanthal inhibits p56 lck autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of exogenous substrates with IC50s of 46 nM and 220 nM, respectively. Damnacanthal is a potent inducer of apoptosis with anticancer activity. Damnacanthal also has antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory effects in mice and anti-fungal activity against Candida albicans.
  • HY-N7020

    Others Cancer
    Cinobufaginol is a natural bufadienolide isolated from toad venom which has been widely used for centuries in China to treat different diseases, especially for cancer. Cinobufaginol potently inhibits the activity against human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines with IC50s of 803 μΜ and 1.270 μΜ for CNE-1 and CNE-2Z, respectively.
  • HY-N2359

    PKC Bcl-2 Family Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Chelerythrine is a natural alkaloid, acts as a potent and selective Ca 2+/phospholopid-dependent PKC antagonist, with an IC50 of 0.7 μM. Chelerythrine has antitumor, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory activity. Chelerythrine inhibits the BclXL-Bak BH3 peptide binding with IC50 of 1.5 μM and displaces Bax from BclXL. Chelerythrine triggers apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-W017212
    Methyl cinnamate

    Methyl 3-phenylpropenoate

    Tyrosinase Bacterial AMPK Infection Metabolic Disease
    Methyl cinnamate (Methyl 3-phenylpropenoate), an active component of Zanthoxylum armatum, is a widely used natural flavor compound. Methyl cinnamate (Methyl 3-phenylpropenoate) possesses antimicrobial activity and is a tyrosinase inhibitor that can prevent food browning. Methyl cinnamate (Methyl 3-phenylpropenoate) has antiadipogenic activity through mechanisms mediated, in part, by the CaMKK2-AMPK signaling pathway.
  • HY-N0530
    Dryocrassin ABBA


    Influenza Virus Bacterial Infection
    Dryocrassin ABBA (Dryocrassin) is a flavonoid natural product derived from Dryopteris crassirhizoma, with antiviral and antibacterial activities. Dryocrassin ABBA exhibits antiviral activity against H5N1 avian influenza virus. Dryocrassin ABBA inhibits the coagulase activity of Staphylococcus aureus vWbp. Dryocrassin ABBA suppresses immunostimulatory function of dendritic cells and prolongs skin allograft survival.
  • HY-N4201

    EGFR Src Cancer
    Beta-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin is a natural product isolated from Lithospermium radix, acts as a potent inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinases (PTK), with IC50s of 0.7μM and 1μM for EGFR and v-Src receptor, respectively. Beta-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin is effective against a wide variety of tumor cell lines, and most efficiently induces cell-death in NCI-H522 and DMS114 cells.
  • HY-134581A
    Enpatoran hydrochloride

    M5049 hydrochloride

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Inflammation/Immunology
    Enpatoran (M5049) hydrochloride is a potent, orally active and dual TLR7/8 inhibitor with IC50s of 11.1 nM and 24.1 nM in HEK293 cells, respectively. Enpatoran hydrochloride is inactive against TLR3, TLR4 and TLR9. Enpatoran hydrochloride can block molecule synthetic ligands and natural endogenous RNA ligands. Enpatoran hydrochloride exhibits excellent pharmacokinetic properties in vivo. Enpatoran hydrochloride can be used for both innate and adaptive autoimmunity blocking research.
  • HY-134581


    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Inflammation/Immunology
    Enpatoran (M5049) is a potent, orally active and dual TLR7/8 inhibitor with IC50s of 11.1 nM and 24.1 nM in HEK293 cells, respectively. Enpatoran is inactive against TLR3, TLR4 and TLR9. Enpatoran can block molecule synthetic ligands and natural endogenous RNA ligands. Enpatoran exhibits excellent pharmacokinetic properties in vivo. Enpatoran can be used for both innate and adaptive autoimmunity blocking research .
  • HY-N0005

    Diferuloylmethane; Natural Yellow 3; Turmeric yellow

    Histone Acetyltransferase Epigenetic Reader Domain Keap1-Nrf2 Autophagy Mitophagy Influenza Virus Ferroptosis Cancer
    Curcumin (Diferuloylmethane), a natural phenolic compound, is a p300/CREB-binding protein-specific inhibitor of acetyltransferase, represses the acetylation of histone/nonhistone proteins and histone acetyltransferase-dependent chromatin transcription. Curcumin shows inhibitory effects on NF-κB and MAPKs, and has diverse pharmacologic effects including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiproliferative and antiangiogenic activities. Curcumin induces stabilization of Nrf2 protein through Keap1 cysteine modification.
  • HY-18980

    Mallotoxin; NSC 56346; NSC 94525

    PKC Autophagy Apoptosis HIV Infection Cancer
    Rottlerin, a natural product purified from Mallotus Philippinensis, is a specific PKC inhibitor, with IC50 values for PKCδ of 3-6 μM, PKCα,β,γ of 30-42 μM, PKCε,η,ζ of 80-100 μM. Rottlerin acts as a direct mitochondrial uncoupler, and stimulates autophagy by targeting a signaling cascade upstream of mTORC1. Rottlerin induces apoptosis via caspase 3 activation. Rottlerin inhibits HIV-1 integration and Rabies virus (RABV) infection.
  • HY-N6711

    HIV Integrase Infection
    Equisetin is an N-methylserine-derived acyl tetramic acid isolated from a terrestrial fungus Fusarium equiseti NRRL 5537. Equisetin is a tetramate-containing natural product with antibiotic and cytotoxic activity. Equisetin inhibits the growth of Gram-positive bacteria and HIV-1 integrase activity but shows no activity against Gram-negative bacteria. Equisetin is a Quorum-sensing inhibitor (QSI) that attenuates QS-regulated virulence phenotypes in P. aeruginosa without affecting the growth of bacterias, serves as a leading compound for the treatment of P. aeruginosa infections.
  • HY-N6002

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    3'-Hydroxypterostilbene, a natural pterostilbene analogue, effectively inhibits the growth of human colon cancer cells (IC50s of 9.0, 40.2, and 70.9 µM for COLO 205, HCT-116, and HT-29 cells, respectively) by inducing apoptosis and autophagy. 3'-Hydroxypterostilbene inhibits the PI3K/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K, and p38MAPK pathways and activates the ERK1/2, JNK1/2 MAPK pathways.
  • HY-16561

    trans-Resveratrol; SRT501

    IKK Autophagy Mitophagy Sirtuin Apoptosis Bacterial Fungal Antibiotic Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Resveratrol (trans-Resveratrol; SRT501), a natural polyphenolic phytoalexin that possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and anti-cancer properties. Resveratrol (SRT 501) has a wide spectrum of targets including mTOR, JAK, β-amyloid, Adenylyl cyclase, IKKβ, DNA polymerase. Resveratrol also is a specific SIRT1 activator. Resveratrol is a potent pregnane X receptor (PXR) inhibitor. Resveratrol is an Nrf2 activator, ameliorates aging-related progressive renal injury in mice model. Resveratrol increases production of NO in endothelial cells.
  • HY-N6954
    Garcinone C

    Garcinone C, a xanthone derivative, is a natural compound extracted from Garcinia oblongifolia Champ that is used as an anti-inflammatory, analgesia, astringency and granulation-promoting medicine, and has potential cytotoxic effects on certain cancers. Garcinone C stimulates the expression levels of ATR and 4E-BP1, while efficiently inhibiting the expression levels of cyclin B1, cyclin D1, cyclin E2, cdc2, Stat3 and CDK7. Garcinone C significantly inhibits cell viability of the human Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell lines CNE1, CNE2, HK1 and HONE1 in a time‑ and dose‑dependent manner.
  • HY-125959

    Apoptosis Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Ucf-101 is a selective and competitive inhibitor of pro-apoptotic protease Omi/HtrA2, with an IC50 of 9.5 μM for His-Omi. Ucf-101 exhibits very little activity against various other serine proteases (IC50>200 μM). Ucf-101 has a natural red fluorescence at 543 nm that is used to monitor its ability to enter mammalian cells. Ucf-101 has a significant cardioprotective effect against MI/R injury and also has certain neuroprotective effect.