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Results for "

cofactor

" in MCE Product Catalog:

45

Inhibitors & Agonists

2

Peptides

1

MCE Kits

22

Natural
Products

7

Recombinant Proteins

3

Isotope-Labeled Compounds

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-109145
    Fosdenopterin

    Precursor Z; BBP-870; ALXN-1101

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Fosdenopterin (Precursor Z) is a synthetic cyclic pyranopterin monophosphate (cPMP). Fosdenopterin can be used for the research of molybdenum cofactor deficiency (MoCD) type A.
  • HY-14769
    Folitixorin

    5,10-Methylenetetrafolate; ANX-510 free acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Folitixorin (5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate) is a cofactor and an analog of leucovorin. Folitixorin is a promising agent for modulation of 5-FU cytotoxicity in adjuvant cancer research.
  • HY-141513
    NH-3

    Thyroid Hormone Receptor Neurological Disease
    NH-3 is an orally active, reversible thyroid hormone receptor (THR) antagonist with an IC50 of 55 nM. NH-3, a derivative of the selective thyromi-metic GC-1, inhibits binding of thyroid hormones to their receptor and that inhibits cofactor recruitment.
  • HY-F0003
    NADPH tetrasodium salt

    Ferroptosis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    NADPH tetrasodium salt functions as an important cofactor in a variety of metabolic and biosynthetic pathways. NADPH tetrasodium salt plays a vital role in the biosynthesis of drugs, chiral alcohols, fatty acids and biopolymers, while also being required for lipid biosynthesis, biomass formation, and cell replication. The demand for NADPH tetrasodium salt is particularly high in proliferating cancer cells, where it acts as a cofactor for the synthesis of nucleotides, proteins, and fatty acids. NADPH tetrasodium salt is also essential for the neutralization of the dangerously high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by increased metabolic activity. NADPH tetrasodium salt is an endogenous inhibitor of ferroptosis.
  • HY-123275A
    H-D-Phe-Pip-Arg-pNA hydrochloride

    S-2238 hydrochloride

    Others Others
    H-D-Phe-Pip-Arg-pNA (S-2238) hydrochloride, a chromogenic substrate, is patterned after the N-terminal portion of the A alpha chain of fibrinogen, which is the natural substrate of thrombin. H-D-Phe-Pip-Arg-pNA hydrochloride is specific for thrombin and is used to measure antithrombin-heparin cofactor (AT-III). The AT-III assay using H-D-Phe-Pip-Arg-pNA hydrochloride is sensitive, accurate, and easy to perform.
  • HY-123275C
    H-D-Phe-Pip-Arg-pNA dihydrochloride

    S-2238 dihydrochloride

    Others Others
    H-D-Phe-Pip-Arg-pNA (S-2238) dihydrochloride, a chromogenic substrate, is patterned after the N-terminal portion of the A alpha chain of fibrinogen, which is the natural substrate of thrombin. H-D-Phe-Pip-Arg-pNA dihydrochloride is specific for thrombin and is used to measure antithrombin-heparin cofactor (AT-III). The AT-III assay using H-D-Phe-Pip-Arg-pNA dihydrochloride is sensitive, accurate, and easy to perform.
  • HY-N0492
    α-Lipoic Acid

    Thioctic acid; (±)-α-Lipoic acid; DL-α-Lipoic acid

    NF-κB HIV Mitochondrial Metabolism Endogenous Metabolite Apoptosis Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    α-Lipoic Acid is an antioxidant, which is an essential cofactor of mitochondrial enzyme complexes. α-Lipoic Acid inhibits NF-κB-dependent HIV-1 LTR activation. α-Lipoic Acid induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis in hepatoma cells.
  • HY-107383
    Tetrahydrobiopterin

    (Rac)-Sapropterin

    NO Synthase Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Tetrahydrobiopterin ((Rac)-Sapropterin) is a cofactor of the aromatic amino acid hydroxylases enzymes and also acts as an essential cofactor for all nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms.
  • HY-113325
    NADP

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    NADP, a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, is a redox cofactor. NADP is a key cofactor for electron transfer in the metabolism, being alternately oxidized (NADP +) and reduced (NADPH).
  • HY-F0002
    NADP sodium salt

    Sodium NADP

    Others Others
    NADP sodium salt (Sodium NADP), a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, is a redox cofactor. NADP sodium salt is a key cofactor for electron transfer in the metabolism, being alternately oxidized (NADP +) and reduced (NADPH).
  • HY-F0002A
    NADP disodium salt

    Disodium NADP

    Others Others
    NADP disodium salt (Disodium NADP), a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, is a redox cofactor. NADP disodium salt is a key cofactor for electron transfer in the metabolism, being alternately oxidized (NADP +) and reduced (NADPH).
  • HY-F0003A
    NADPH tetracyclohexanamine

    Ferroptosis Others
    NADPH tetracyclohexanamine is a ubiquitous cofactor and biological reducing agent.
  • HY-102015
    6-Biopterin

    L-Biopterin

    NO Synthase Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Neurological Disease
    6-Biopterin (L-Biopterin), a pterin derivative, is a NO synthase cofactor.
  • HY-B0511
    Biotin

    Vitamin B7; Vitamin H; D-Biotin

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Biotin is an enzyme co-factor present in minute amounts in every living cell.
  • HY-N0680
    Thiamine hydrochloride

    Thiamine chloride hydrochloride; Vitamin B1 hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Apoptosis HBV Neurological Disease
    Thiamine hydrochloride (Thiamine chloride hydrochloride) is an essential micronutrient needed as a cofactor for many central metabolic enzymes.
  • HY-N0111
    Coenzyme Q10

    CoQ10; Ubiquinone-10

    Endogenous Metabolite Reactive Oxygen Species Ferroptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Coenzyme Q10 is an essential cofactor of the electron transport chain and a potent antioxidant agent.
  • HY-B1654
    Flavin adenine dinucleotide

    FAD

    Endogenous Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    Flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) is a redox cofactor, more specifically a prosthetic group of a protein, involved in several important enzymatic reactions in metabolism.
  • HY-B1654A
    Flavin adenine dinucleotide disodium salt

    FAD disodium salt; FAD-Na2

    Endogenous Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    Flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) disodium salt is a redox cofactor, more specifically a prosthetic group of a protein, involved in several important enzymatic reactions in metabolism.
  • HY-18733
    Lipoic acid

    (R)-(+)-α-Lipoic acid; R-(+)-Thioctic acid

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Endogenous Metabolite Reactive Oxygen Species Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Lipoic acid ((R)-(+)-α-Lipoic acid) is an antioxidant, which is an essential cofactor of mitochondrial enzyme complexes. (R)-(+)-α-Lipoic acid is more effective than racemic Lipoic acid.
  • HY-112790
    Adenosylcobalamin

    Coenzyme B12; Cobamamide; AdoCbl

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Adenosylcobalamin (Coenzyme B12;Cobamamide;AdoCbl) is an active form of Vitamin B12 which is a cofactor for methylmalonyl CoA mutase
  • HY-W013046
    Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate pentasodium

    PRPP pentasodium

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PRPP) pentasodium is an important metabolite required in the biosynthesis of purine and pyrimidine nucleotides, the amino acids histidine and tryptophan, and the cofactors NAD and NADP.
  • HY-139199
    4-Hydroxyphenylbutazone

    Drug Metabolite Others
    4-Hydroxyphenylbutazone is a metabolite of Phenylbutazone. Phenylbutazone, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is an efficient reducing cofactor for the peroxidase activity of prostaglandin H synthase (PHS).
  • HY-113402
    Gamma-glutamylcysteine

    γ-Glutamylcysteine

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Gamma-glutamylcysteine (γ-Glutamylcysteine), a dipeptide containing cysteine and glutamic acid, is a precursor to glutathione (GSH). Gamma-glutamylcysteine is a cofactor for glutathione peroxidase (GPx) to increase GSH levels.
  • HY-128606
    Thiamine diphosphate analog 1

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Thiamine diphosphate analog 1 is an analog of Thiamine diphosphate. Thiamine diphosphate is the active form of vitamin B1. Thiamine diphosphate a universal cofactor involved in pivotal cellular pathways.
  • HY-12904
    TCA1

    Bacterial Infection
    TCA1 is a small molecule with activity against drug-susceptible and -resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). TCA1 inhibits enzymes involved in cell wall and molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis, such as DprE1 and MoeW.
  • HY-100196
    Pyrroloquinoline quinone

    PQQ; Methoxatin

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), a redox co-factor, is an anionic, redox-cycling orthoquinone. Pyrroloquinoline quinone is isolated from cultures of methylotropic bacteria and tissues of mammals. Pyrroloquinoline quinone is an essential nutrient for mammals and is important for immune function.
  • HY-100196A
    Pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt

    PQQ disodium salt; Methoxatin disodium salt

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt, a redox co-factor, is an anionic, redox-cycling orthoquinone. Pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt is isolated from cultures of methylotropic bacteria and tissues of mammals. Pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt is an essential nutrient for mammals and is important for immune function.
  • HY-B0230
    Phenylbutazone

    COX Inflammation/Immunology
    Phenylbutazone is an efficient reducing cofactor for the peroxidase activity of prostaglandin H synthase (PHS). Phenylbutazone, a hepatotoxin, is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Phenylbutazone induces muscle blind-like protein 1 (MBNL1) expression and has the potential for ankylosing spondylitis research.
  • HY-108474
    Nolatrexed dihydrochloride

    AG 337; Thymitaq

    Thymidylate Synthase Cancer
    Nolatrexed dihydrochloride (AG 337) is a non-competitive lipophilic inhibitor of thymidylate synthase, interacts at the folate cofactor binding site of the enzyme, with a Ki of 11 nM for human thymidylate synthase. Nolatrexed dihydrochloride (AG 337) induces cell cycle arrest in S phase of cancer cells. Anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-B0152
    Adenine

    6-Aminopurine; Vitamin B4

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Adenine (6-Aminopurine), a purine, is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of DNA. Adenine acts as a chemical component of DNA and RNA. Adenine also plays an important role in biochemistry involved in cellular respiration, the form of both ATP and the cofactors (NAD and FAD), and protein synthesis.
  • HY-B0152A
    Adenine hydrochloride

    6-Aminopurine hydrochloride; Vitamin B4 hydrochloride

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Adenine hydrochloride (6-Aminopurine hydrochloride), a purine, is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of DNA. Adenine hydrochloride acts as a chemical component of DNA and RNA. Adenine hydrochloride also plays an important role in biochemistry involved in cellular respiration, the form of both ATP and the cofactors (NAD and FAD), and protein synthesis.
  • HY-10277
    Odiparcil

    SB-424323

    Thrombin Cardiovascular Disease
    Odiparcil (SB-424323) is an orally active beta-d-thioxyloside analog with antithrombotic activity associated with a reduced risk of adverse bleeding events. Odiparcil (SB-424323) is indirect thrombin inhibitor that exerts its anticoagulant effect through activation of antithrombin II (heparin cofactor II) .
  • HY-B0152B
    Adenine hemisulfate

    6-Aminopurine hemisulfate; Vitamin B4 hemisulfate

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Adenine hemisulfate (6-Aminopurine hemisulfate), a purine, is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of DNA. Adenine hemisulfate acts as a chemical component of DNA and RNA. Adenine hemisulfate also plays an important role in biochemistry involved in cellular respiration, the form of both ATP and the cofactors (NAD and FAD), and protein synthesis.
  • HY-B0230S
    Phenylbutazone(diphenyl-d10)

    COX Inflammation/Immunology
    Phenylbutazone-d10 (diphenyl) is the deuterium labeled Phenylbutazone. Phenylbutazone is an efficient reducing cofactor for the peroxidase activity of prostaglandin H synthase (PHS). Phenylbutazone, a hepatotoxin, is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Phenylbutazone induces muscle blind-like protein 1 (MBNL1) expression and has the potential for ankylosing spondylitis research.
  • HY-107485
    HIV-1 integrase inhibitor 8

    HIV Integrase Infection
    HIV-1 integrase inhibitor 8 is a HIV-1 integrase inhibitor, compound 8.
  • HY-B2246
    L-Carnitine hydrochloride

    (R)-Carnitine hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Carnitine hydrochloride ((R)-Carnitine hydrochloride), a highly polar, small zwitterion, is an essential co-factor for the mitochondrial β-oxidation pathway. L-Carnitine hydrochloride functions to transport long chain fatty acyl-CoAs into the mitochondria for degradation by β-oxidation. L-Carnitine hydrochloride is an antioxidant. L-Carnitine hydrochloride can ameliorate metabolic imbalances in many inborn errors of metabolism.
  • HY-129056
    Melagatran

    Thrombin Cardiovascular Disease
    Melagatran is a direct and orally active inhibitor of thrombin, without interacting with any other enzymes in the coagulation cascade or fibrinolytic enzymes aside from thrombin. Melagatran does not require endogenous co-factors for its antithrombin effect and may help to alleviate some of the damaging effects of endotoxemia. Melagatran has the potential to provide a rational approach in the prevention of arterial occlusion.
  • HY-108474S
    Nolatrexed-d4 dihydrochloride

    Thymidylate Synthase Cancer
    Nolatrexed-d4 dihydrochloride (AG 337-d4) is the deuterium labeled Nolatrexed dihydrochloride. Nolatrexed dihydrochloride (AG 337) is a non-competitive lipophilic inhibitor of thymidylate synthase, interacts at the folate cofactor binding site of the enzyme, with a Ki of 11 nM for human thymidylate synthase. Nolatrexed dihydrochloride (AG 337) induces cell cycle arrest in S phase of cancer cells. Anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-10235
    Telaprevir

    VX-950

    HCV Protease HCV SARS-CoV Infection
    Telaprevir (VX-950) is a highly selective, reversible, and potent peptidomimetic inhibitor of the HCV NS3-4A protease, the steady-state inhibitory constant (Ki) of Telaprevir is 7 nM against a genotype 1 (H strain) NS3 protease domain plus a NS4A cofactor peptide. Telaprevir inhibits SARS-CoV-2 3CL pro activity.
  • HY-W011727A
    Pyridoxal 5'-​phosphate monohydrate

    Pyridoxal phosphate monohydrate

    Others Neurological Disease
    Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate hydrate, the active form of vitamin B6, is an essential cofactor for multiple enzymes, including aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase that catalyzes the final stage in the production of the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin. Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate hydrate is the most important coenzyme variant in the process of vitamin B6 intracellular phosphorylation and is interconvertible with other variants, including pyridoxine 5′‐phosphate (PNP) and pyridoxamine 5′‐phosphate (PMP).
  • HY-112234
    L-Sepiapterin

    Sepiapterin

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    L-Sepiapterin (Sepiapterin) is a precursor of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4). L-Sepiapterin improves endothelial dysfunction in small mesenteric arteries from db/db mice, and induces angiogenesis. L-Sepiapterin inhibits cell proliferation and migration of ovarian cancer cells via down-regulation of p70 S6K-dependent VEGFR-2 expression.
  • HY-N0492S
    α-Lipoic Acid-d5

    Thioctic acid-d5; (±)-α-Lipoic acid-d5; DL-α-Lipoic acid-d5

    NF-κB HIV Mitochondrial Metabolism Endogenous Metabolite Apoptosis Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    α-Lipoic Acid-d5 (Thioctic acid-d5) is the deuterium labeled α-Lipoic Acid. α-Lipoic Acid is an antioxidant, which is an essential cofactor of mitochondrial enzyme complexes. α-Lipoic Acid inhibits NF-κB-dependent HIV-1 LTR activation. α-Lipoic Acid induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis in hepatoma cells.
  • HY-128851
    Coenzyme A

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Neurological Disease
    Coenzyme A is is an obligatory cofactor in all living cells synthesised from pantothenate (Vitamin B5), adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and cysteine. Covalent binding of Coenzyme A to Peroxiredoxin 5 (Prdx5) results in complete inhibition of its peroxidase activity, which is reversed by reduction with DTT.Coenzyme A and its thioester derivatives are key players in major catabolic and anabolic pathways and the regulation of gene expression. Many human pathologies, including cancer, diabetes and neurodegeneration, have been associated with abnormal biosynthesis and homeostasis of CoA and its derivatives.
  • HY-112499
    Menaquinone-7

    Vitamin K2-7; Vitamin K2(35); Vitamin MK-7

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Menaquinone-7 (Vitamin K2-7), belongs to a class of K2-vitamin homologs, is originally discovered as the anti-hemorrhagic factors. Menaquinone-7 (Vitamin K2-7) is identified as the most bioactive cofactor for the carboxylation reaction of Gla-proteins . Supplementation with Menaquinone-7 (Vitamin K2-7) is a pharmacological option for activating matrix Gla protein and intervening in the progression of calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS).
  • HY-113402A
    Gamma-glutamylcysteine TFA

    γ-Glutamylcysteine TFA

    Interleukin Related TNF Receptor Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Gamma-glutamylcysteine (γ-Glutamylcysteine) TFA, an intermediate in glutathione (GSH) synthesis, is a dipeptide served as an essential cofactor for the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GPx). Gamma-glutamylcysteine TFA also upregulates the level of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 and reduces the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β). Gamma-glutamylcysteine TFA attenuates the changes in metalloproteinase activity in oligomeric Aβ40-treated astrocytes.