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Pathways Recommended: Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
Results for "

damage

" in MCE Product Catalog:

178

Inhibitors & Agonists

9

Screening Libraries

1

Dye Reagents

6

Peptides

66

Natural
Products

3

Recombinant Proteins

1

Isotope-Labeled Compounds

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-137843
    NSC 80467

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    NSC 80467, a DNA damaging agent, selectively inhibits survivin. NSC 80467 preferentially inhibits DNA synthesis and results in induction of γH2AX and pKAP1, two markers of DNA damage.
  • HY-69014
    2-O-Methylcytosine

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    2-O-Methylcytosine, an O-alkylated analogue a DNA adduct, is the damaged nucleobase.
  • HY-137316
    Phosphoramide mustard

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Drug Metabolite Cancer
    Phosphoramide mustard is a biologically active metabolite of Cyclophosphamide (HY-17420), with anticancer activitiy. Phosphoramide mustard induces DNA damage.
  • HY-137316A
    Phosphoramide mustard (cyclohexanamine)

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Drug Metabolite Cancer
    Phosphoramide mustard cyclohexanamine is a biologically active metabolite of Cyclophosphamide (HY-17420), with anticancer activitiy. Phosphoramide mustard cyclohexanamine induces DNA damage.
  • HY-B1978
    Iprodione

    Fungal Reactive Oxygen Species Infection
    Iprodione, a dicarboximide fungicide, has a highly specific action, with a capacity to cause oxidative damage through production of free oxygen radicals (ROS). Iprodione does not appear to be species selective.
  • HY-19118
    KP1019

    FFC14A

    Apoptosis Cancer
    KP1019 (FFC14A) is a Ru(III)-based anti-metastatic and cytotoxic anti-cancer agent. KP1019 induces DNA damage and apoptosis in cancer cells.
  • HY-N7981
    Pratensein

    NF-κB Neurological Disease
    Pratensein, a flavonoid, ameliorates β-amyloid-induced cognitive impairment in rats via reducing oxidative damage and restoring synapse and BDNF levels.
  • HY-17394
    Cisplatin

    cis-Platinum; CDDP; cis-Diaminodichloroplatinum

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Ferroptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Cisplatin (CDDP) is an antineoplastic chemotherapy agent by cross-linking with DNA and causing DNA damage in cancer cells. Cisplatin activates ferroptosis and induces autophagy.
  • HY-126490
    Phleomycin

    Bacterial Antibiotic DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer Infection
    Phleomycin is an anticancer glycopeptide antibiotic found in Streptomyces verticillus, which cause DNA cleavage. Phleomycin binds and intercalates DNA to damage the integrity of the double helix, which is similar to Bleomycin (HY-17565A).
  • HY-13315
    Montelukast sodium

    MK0476

    Leukotriene Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    Montelukast sodium is a potent, selective and orally active antagonist of cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1 (Cysltr1). Montelukast sodium can be used for the reseach of asthma and liver injury. Montelukast sodium also has an antioxidant effect in intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury, and could reduce cardiac damage.
  • HY-108649A
    MRS2768 tetrasodium salt

    P2Y Receptor Cardiovascular Disease
    MRS2768 tetrasodium salt is a moderately potent and selective P2Y2 receptor agonist. MRS2768 tetrasodium salt has a protective effect on cardiomyocytes from ischemic damage in vivo and in vitro.
  • HY-15583
    Auristatin F

    Microtubule/Tubulin ADC Cytotoxin Cancer
    Auristatin F is a potent cytotoxin. Auristatin F, a potent microtubule inhibitor and vascular damaging agent (VDA), can be used in antibody-drug conjugates (ADC).
  • HY-100957
    Dilazep dihydrochloride

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Dilazep dihydrochloride is an inhibitor of adenosine uptake. Dilazep dihydrochloride has cerebral and coronary vasodilating action through enhancement of effect of adenosine. Dilazep dihydrochloride also inhibits the ischemic damage, platelet aggregation, and membrane transport of nucleosides.
  • HY-126020
    Bractoppin

    DNA/RNA Synthesis RAD51 Cancer
    Bractoppin is a potent and selective drug-like inhibitor of phosphopeptide recognition by the human BRCA1 tandem(t) BRCT domain (binding IC50: 74 nM). Bractoppin diminishes BRCA1 recruitment to DNA breaks, in turn suppressing damage-induced G2 arrest and assembly of the recombinase, RAD51. Bractoppin preferentially inhibits BRCA1 tBRCT-dependent steps in the DNA damage response.
  • HY-111475
    Mitochondrial fusion promoter M1

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Cardiovascular Disease
    Mitochondrial fusion promoter M1 is a mitochondrial dynamic modulator. Mitochondrial fusion promoter M1 preserves the mitochondrial function and promotes cellular respiration. Mitochondrial fusion promoter M1 alleviates cardiac and brain damage in rats with cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury.
  • HY-133621
    9,10-Dichlorostearic acid

    Others Cancer
    9,10-Dichlorostearic acid is a chlorinated stearic acid with antimutagenic properties. 9,10-Dichlorostearic acid can cause membrane damage by inducing leakage of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from mammalian tumour cells in vitro.
  • HY-105019A
    Melflufen hydrochloride

    Melphalan flufenamide hydrochloride

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Apoptosis Cancer
    Melflufen (Melphalan flufenamide) hydrochloride, a dipeptide prodrug of Melphalan, is an alkylating agent. Melflufen hydrochloride shows antitumor activity against multiple myeloma (MM) cells and inhibits angiogenesis. Melflufen hydrochloride induces irreversible DNA damage and cytotoxicity in MM cells.
  • HY-105019
    Melflufen

    Melphalan flufenamide

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Apoptosis Cancer
    Melflufen (Melphalan flufenamide), a dipeptide prodrug of Melphalan, is an alkylating agent. Melflufen shows antitumor activity against multiple myeloma (MM) cells and inhibits angiogenesis. Melflufen induces irreversible DNA damage and cytotoxicity in MM cells.
  • HY-123604A
    TH1834 dihydrochloride

    Histone Acetyltransferase Apoptosis Cancer
    TH1834 dihydrochloride is a specific Tip60 (KAT5) histone acetyltransferase inhibitor. TH1834 dihydrochloride induces apoptosis and increases DNA damage in breast cancer. TH1834 dihydrochloride does not affect the activity of related histone acetyltransferase MOF. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-123604
    TH1834

    Histone Acetyltransferase Apoptosis Cancer
    TH1834 is a specific Tip60 (KAT5) histone acetyltransferase (HAT) inhibitor. TH1834 induces apoptosis and increases DNA damage in breast cancer. TH1834 does not affect the activity of related histone acetyltransferase MOF. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-10619B
    Niraparib tosylate

    MK-4827 tosylate

    PARP Apoptosis Cancer
    Niraparib tosylate (MK-4827 tosylate) is a highly potent and orally bioavailable PARP1 and PARP2 inhibitor with an IC50 of 3.8 and 2.1 nM, respectively. Niraparib tosylate leads to inhibition of repair of DNA damage, activates apoptosis and shows anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-138616
    dGTP

    2'-Deoxyguanosine-5'-triphosphate

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Cancer Infection
    dGTP (2'-Deoxyguanosine-5'-triphosphate), a guanosine nucleotide, can be used in deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis. Guanosine nucleotides (GDP, GTP, dGDP, and dGTP) are highly susceptible to oxidative damage to 8-oxo-GDP (8-O-GDP), 8-O-dGTP, 8-O-GTP, and 8-O-dGTP.
  • HY-10619
    Niraparib

    MK-4827

    PARP Apoptosis Cancer
    Niraparib (MK-4827) is a highly potent and orally bioavailable PARP1 and PARP2 inhibitor with IC50s of 3.8 and 2.1 nM, respectively. Niraparib leads to inhibition of repair of DNA damage, activates apoptosis and shows anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-10619A
    Niraparib hydrochloride

    MK-4827 hydrochloride

    PARP Apoptosis Cancer
    Niraparib hydrochloride (MK-4827 hydrochloride) is a highly potent and orally bioavailable PARP1 and PARP2 inhibitor with IC50s of 3.8 and 2.1 nM, respectively. Niraparib hydrochloride leads to inhibition of repair of DNA damage, activates apoptosis and shows anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-131394
    5-Hydroxymethyl-2’-deoxycytidine

    5hmdC

    Others Cancer
    5-Hydroxymethyl-2’-deoxycytidine (5hmdC) is an oxidation derivative of 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine (5-mdC) in DNA. 5-Hydroxymethyl-2’-deoxycytidine may serve as a marker of irreversibly damaged cells.
  • HY-126415
    Magnesium Lithospermate B

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Magnesium Lithospermate B, a derivative of caffeic acid tetramer, and is extracted from Salviae miltiorrhizae. Magnesium Lithospermate B is widely used for the research of cardiovascular diseases, and it can protect against glucose-induced intracellular oxidative damage. Magnesium Lithospermate B also suppresses neuroinflammation and attenuates neurodegeneration.
  • HY-15176
    Pyridostatin

    RR82

    G-quadruplex Cancer
    Pyridostatin (RR82) is a G-quadruplex DNA stabilizing agent (Kd=490 nM). Pyridostatin promotes growth arrest in human cancer cells by inducing replication- and transcription-dependent DNA damage. Pyridostatin targets the proto-oncogene Src. Pyridostatin reduced SRC protein levels and SRC-dependent cellular motility in human breast cancer cells.
  • HY-15176A
    Pyridostatin hydrochloride

    RR82 hydrochloride

    G-quadruplex Cancer
    Pyridostatin (RR82) hydrochloride is a G-quadruplex DNA stabilizing agent (Kd=490 nM). Pyridostatin hydrochloride promotes growth arrest in human cancer cells by inducing replication- and transcription-dependent DNA damage. Pyridostatin hydrochloride targets the proto-oncogene Src. Pyridostatin hydrochloride reduced SRC protein levels and SRC-dependent cellular motility in human breast cancer cells.
  • HY-125018
    QM31

    SVT016426

    Caspase Cancer
    QM31 (SVT016426), a cytoprotective agent, is a selective inhibitor of Apaf-1. QM31 inhibits the formation of the apoptosome (IC50=7.9μM), the caspase activation complex composed by Apaf-1, cytochrome c, dATP and caspase-9. QM31 exerts mitochondrioprotective functions and interferes with the intra-S-phase DNA damage checkpoint.
  • HY-P1208
    PG-931

    Melanocortin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    PG-931, an analog of SHU 9119 (HY-P0227), is a potent melanocortin 4 (MC4) receptor (IC50=0.58 nM) agonist and is more selective than for the hMC3R (IC50=55 nM) or the hMC5R (IC50=2.4 nM). PG-931 can reverse haemorrhagic shock and prevent multiple organ damage in vivo.
  • HY-P1208A
    PG-931 TFA

    Melanocortin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    PG-931 TFA, an analog of SHU 9119 (HY-P0227), is a potent melanocortin 4 (MC4) receptor (IC50=0.58 nM) agonist and is more selective than for the hMC3R (IC50=55 nM) or the hMC5R(IC50=2.4 nM). PG-931 TFA can reverse haemorrhagic shock and prevent multiple organ damage in vivo.
  • HY-15176B
    Pyridostatin TFA

    RR82 TFA

    G-quadruplex Cancer
    Pyridostatin (RR82) TFA is a G-quadruplex DNA stabilizing agent (Kd=490 nM). Pyridostatin TFA promotes growth arrest in human cancer cells by inducing replication- and transcription-dependent DNA damage. Pyridostatin TFA targets the proto-oncogene Src. Pyridostatin TFA reduced SRC protein levels and SRC-dependent cellular motility in human breast cancer cells.
  • HY-13315A
    Montelukast

    MK0476 free base

    Leukotriene Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    Montelukast is a potent, selective and orally active antagonist of cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1 (CysLT1). Montelukast can be used for the reseach of asthma and liver injury. Montelukast also has an antioxidant effect in intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury, and could reduce cardiac damage. Montelukast decreases eosinophil infiltration into the asthmatic airways.
  • HY-13811
    NSC697923

    E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Apoptosis Cancer
    NSC697923 is a potent UBE2N (ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 N, Ubc13) inhibitor. NSC697923 induces neuroblastoma (NB) cell death via promoting nuclear importation of p53 in p53 wild-type NB cells. NSC697923 also induces cell death in p53 mutant NB cells by activation of JNK-mediated apoptotic pathway. NSC697923 inhibits DNA damage and NF-κB signaling. Antitumor activity.
  • HY-W033577
    Tricarbonyldichlororuthenium(II) dimer

    CORM-2

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Tricarbonyldichlororuthenium(II) dimer is a pharmacological donor of CO releasing. CO releases from Tricarbonyldichlororuthenium(II) dimer prevents gastric mucosal oxidative damage induced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) improving gastric blood flow (GBF), decreasing DNA oxidation and inflammatory response on systemic level.
  • HY-100116A
    Mitoquinone mesylate

    MitoQ mesylate; MitoQ10 mesylate

    Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Mitoquinone mesylate is a TPP-based, mitochondrially targeted antioxidant in order to protect against oxidative damage.
  • HY-113306
    1-Methyladenine

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    1-Methyladenine is a product of alkylation damage in DNA which can be repaired by damage reversal by oxidative demethylation.
  • HY-101445
    Trolox

    Reactive Oxygen Species Ferroptosis Apoptosis Cancer
    Trolox is an analogue of vitamin E with a powerful antioxidant effect. Trolox is also a powerful inhibitor of membrane damage.
  • HY-N6655
    DL-Methionine methylsulfonium chloride

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    DL-methionine methylsulfonium chloride is a naturally occurring methionine derivative. DL-methionine methylsulfonium chloride protects gastric mucosal from ethanol-induced damage.
  • HY-117102
    ANI-7

    Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Checkpoint Kinase (Chk) Cancer
    ANI-7 is an activator of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) pathway. ANI-7 inhibits the growth of multiple cancer cells, and potently and selectively inhibits the growth of MCF-7 breast cancer cells with a GI50 of 0.56 μM. ANI-7 induces CYP1-metabolizing mono-oxygenases by activating AhR pathway, and also induces DNA damage, checkpoint Kinase 2 (Chk2) activation, S-phase cell cycle arrest, and cell death in sensitive breast cancer cell lines.
  • HY-N6669
    Methyl 3-O-methylgallate

    M3OMG

    Others Neurological Disease
    Methyl 3-O-methylgallate (M3OMG) possesses antioxidant effect and can protect neuronal cells from oxidative damage.
  • HY-135960
    BO-264

    FGFR Apoptosis Cancer
    BO-264 is a highly potent and orally active transforming acidic coiled-coil 3 (TACC3) inhibitor with an IC50 of 188 nM and a Kd of 1.5 nM. BO-264 specifically blocks the function of FGFR3-TACC3 fusion protein. BO-264 induces spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC)-dependent mitotic arrest, DNA damage and apoptosis. BO-264 has broad-spectrum antitumor activity.
  • HY-135218
    AV-153

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    AV-153, a 1,4-dihydropyridine (1,4-DHP) derivative, is an antimutagenic. AV-153 intercalates to DNA in a single strand break and reduces DNA damage, stimulates DNA repair in human cells in vitro. AV-153 interacts with thymine and cytosine and has an influence on poly(ADP)ribosylation. AV-153 has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-W067479
    (E)-Cinnamamide

    Others Others
    (E)-Cinnamamide, the less active isomer of Cinnamamide. Cinnamamide, a derivative of the plant secondary compound Cinnamic acid. Cinnamamide is effective as a non-lethal chemical repellent suitable for reducing avian pest damage.
  • HY-N3925
    Ganoderol A

    Bacterial Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Ganoderol A is a terpenoid extracted from Ganoderma lucidum with antimicrobial activities. Ganoderol A inhibits cholesterol synthesis pathway and has significant anti-inflammatory activity and protection against ultraviolet A (UVA) damage.
  • HY-135218A
    AV-153 free base

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    AV-153 free base, a 1,4-dihydropyridine (1,4-DHP) derivative, is an antimutagenic. AV-153 free base intercalates to DNA in a single strand break and reduces DNA damage, stimulates DNA repair in human cells in vitro. AV-153 free base interacts with thymine and cytosine and has an influence on poly(ADP)ribosylation. AV-153 free base has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-127170
    3-Hydroxycoumarin

    Others Others
    3-hydroxycoumarin is a potent and redox inhibitor of human 15-LOX-1. 3-hydroxycoumarin is recently demonstrated to protect sea urchin reproductive cells against ultraviolet B damage.
  • HY-13700
    Nedaplatin

    NSC 375101D

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    Nedaplatin (NSC 375101D) is a derivative of cisplatin and DNA damage agent.
  • HY-W016009
    2'-Deoxyadenosine-5'-monophosphate

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    2′-Deoxyadenosine 5′-monophosphate, a nucleic acid AMP derivative, is a deoxyribonucleotide found in DNA. 2′-Deoxyadenosine 5′-monophosphate can be used to study adenosine-based interactions during DNA synthesis and DNA damage.
  • HY-N6779
    Patulin

    Terinin

    Bacterial Apoptosis Autophagy Antibiotic Infection
    Patulin (Terinin) is a mycotoxin produced by fungi including the Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Byssochlamys species, is suspected to be clastogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic and cytotoxic. Patulin induces autophagy-dependent apoptosis through lysosomal-mitochondrial axis, and causes DNA damage.
  • HY-100016
    AZD0156

    ATM/ATR Apoptosis Cancer
    AZD0156 is a potent, selective and orally active ATM inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.58 nM. AZD0156 inhibits the ATM-mediated signaling, prevents DNA damage checkpoint activation, disrupts DNA damage repair, and induces tumor cell apoptosis.
  • HY-W105272
    2′-Deoxyadenosine 5′-monophosphate disodium

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    2′-Deoxyadenosine 5′-monophosphate disodium, a nucleic acid AMP derivative, is a deoxyribonucleotide found in DNA. 2′-Deoxyadenosine 5′-monophosphate disodium can be used to study adenosine-based interactions during DNA synthesis and DNA damage.
  • HY-N0526
    2"-O-Galloylhyperin

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    2"-O-Galloylhyperin, an active compound isolated from Pyrola incarnate Fisch., possesses anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. 2"-O-Galloylhyperin has hepatoprotective effect against oxidative stress-induced liver damage.
  • HY-17374
    Benfotiamine

    S-Benzoylthiamine O-monophosphate

    Others Neurological Disease
    Benfotiamine (S-Benzoylthiamine O-monophosphate) is an analog of vitamin B1 with higher absorption and bioavailability than vitamin B1, and is commonly used as a food supplement for diabetic complications. Benfotiamine exhibits direct antioxidative capacity and prevents induction of DNA damage.
  • HY-14572
    PR-104A

    SN 27858

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Cancer
    PR-104A (SN 27858) is the alcohol metabolite of phosphate prodrug PR-104. PR-104A is a hypoxia-selective DNA cross-linking agent/DNA-damaging agent and cytotoxin. Antitumor Activity. PR-104A is metabolized under hypoxia by the 1-electron NADPH:cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase. PR-104A can be used for the research of relapsed/refractory T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
  • HY-113262
    8-Hydroxyguanosine

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    8-Hydroxyguanosine is a systematic marker of oxidative stress and a marker of hydroxyl radical damage to RNA.
  • HY-17565A
    Bleomycin hydrochloride

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Antibiotic Cancer
    Bleomycin hydrochloride is a DNA synthesis inhibitor. Bleomycin hydrochloride is a DNA damaging agent. Bleomycin hydrochloride is an antitumor antibiotic.
  • HY-B0986
    Hexylresorcinol

    4-Hexylresorcinol

    Parasite Bacterial Apoptosis Glucosidase Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease
    Hexylresorcinol (4-Hexylresorcinol) is a natural compound found in plants with antimicrobial, anthelmintic, antiseptic and antitumor activities. Hexylresorcinol can induce apoptosis in squamous carcinoma cells. Hexylresorcinol is a reversible and noncompetitive inhibitor of α-glucosidase. Hexylresorcinol has protective effects against oxidative DNA damage.
  • HY-B1162
    Sulisobenzone

    Benzophenone-4

    Others Others
    Sulisobenzone is an ingredient in some sunscreens which protects the skin from damage by UVB and short-wave UVA ultraviolet light.
  • HY-17565
    Bleomycin sulfate

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Antibiotic Cancer
    Bleomycin sulfate is a DNA synthesis inhibitor. Bleomycin hydrochloride is a DNA damaging agent. Bleomycin sulfate is an antitumor antibiotic.
  • HY-N4321
    Glucotropaeolin potassium

    Benzylglucosinolate potassium

    Others Others
    Glucotropaeolin potassium (Benzylglucosinolate potassium) , a glucosinolate contained in cruciferous vegetables, causes a moderate decrease in spontaneous DNA damage in animals.
  • HY-B0928
    Homosalate

    Homomenthyl salicylate

    Others Others
    Homosalate is an organic compound used in some sunscreens, it is used as a chemical UV filter, protecting the skin from sun damage.
  • HY-112669
    5-Chloro-2'-deoxyuridine

    5-Chlorodeoxyuridine; CldU

    Others Neurological Disease
    5-Chloro-2'-deoxyuridine, a thymine analog, is to study the potential of hypochlorous acid damage to DNA and DNA precursors.
  • HY-111536
    Mitochonic acid 5

    MA-5

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Cardiovascular Disease
    Mitochonic acid 5 binds mitochondria and ameliorates renal tubular and cardiac myocyte damage. Mitochonic acid 5 modulates mitochondrial ATP synthesis.
  • HY-101089
    RHPS4

    Telomerase Apoptosis Cancer
    RHPS4 is a potent telomerase inhibitor (IC50 = 0.33 μM). RHPS4 is a DNA damage inducer.
  • HY-133188
    Imazethapyr

    Others Others
    Imazethapyr is an imidazolinone herbicide used in crops. Imazethapyr can protect crops from damage by weeds and annual grasses.
  • HY-118700
    2-Iminobiotin

    Guanidinobiotin

    NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    2-Iminobiotin (Guanidinobiotin) is a biotin (vitamin H or B7) analog. 2-Iminobiotin is a reversible nitric oxide synthases inhibitor with Kis of 21.8 and 37.5μM for murine iNOS and rat n-cNOS, respectively. 2-Iminobiotin superimposes on hypothermia protects human neuronal cells from hypoxia-induced cell damage.
  • HY-122509
    Senkirkin

    Senkirkine; Renardin

    Others Others
    Senkirkin, a pyrrolizidine alkaloid, occured in the aerial parts of the medicinal plant Tussilago farfara, could induce chromosome damage in human lymphocytes.
  • HY-N9349
    Malvidin-3-O-arabinoside chloride

    AMPK Autophagy Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Malvidin-3-O-arabinoside chloride ameliorates ethyl carbamate-induced oxidative damage by stimulating AMPK-mediated autophagy.
  • HY-15204
    Tonabersat

    SB-220453

    Gap Junction Protein Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Tonabersat (SB-220453) is a gap-junction modulator. Tonabersat prevents inflammatory damage in the central nervous system.
  • HY-N7453
    Fengycin

    Fungal Infection
    Fengycin is a cyclic lipopeptide used as an agricultural fungicide. Fengmycin has an anti-fungal infection effect by damaging the target's cell membrane.
  • HY-14808
    Adarotene

    ST1926

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Adarotene is an effective apoptosis inducer, which surprisingly produces DNA damage and exhibites a potent antiproliferative activity on a large panel of human tumor cells.
  • HY-N0766
    Isorhynchophylline

    Others Others
    Isorhynchophylline (IRN), an alkaloid isolated from Uncaria rhynchophylla, possesses the effects of lowered blood pressure, vasodilatation and protection against ischemia-induced neuronal damage.
  • HY-118700A
    2-Iminobiotin hydrobromide

    Guanidinobiotin hydrobromide

    NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    2-Iminobiotin hydrobromide (Guanidinobiotin hydrobromide) is a biotin (vitamin H or B7) analog. 2-Iminobiotin hydrobromide is a reversible nitric oxide synthases inhibitor with Kis of 21.8 and 37.5 μM for murine iNOS and rat n-cNOS, respectively. 2-Iminobiotin hydrobromide superimposes on hypothermia protects human neuronal cells from hypoxia-induced cell damage.
  • HY-N7028
    Withanolide A

    Others Neurological Disease
    Withanolide A, isolated from the indian herbal drug Ashwagandha (root of Withania somnifera), could regenerate neurites and reconstruct synapses in severely damaged neurons.
  • HY-14714
    NSC-207895

    XI-006

    MDM-2/p53 Cancer
    NSC-207895 (XI-006), a DNA damaging agent, is an anticancer agent and p53 activator.
  • HY-13767
    Tirapazamine

    SR259075; SR4233; Win59075

    Others Cancer
    Tirapazamine is an anticancer agent that shows selective cytotoxicity for hypoxic cells in solid tumors, thereby inducing single-and double-strand breaks in DNA, base damage, and cell death.
  • HY-W004924
    5-Hydroxymethyluracil

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    5-Hydroxymethyluracil is a product of oxidative DNA damage. 5-Hydroxymethyluracil can be used as a potential epigenetic mark enhancing or inhibiting transcription with bacterial RNA polymerase.
  • HY-19084
    Ro-24-0238

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Ro-24-0238 is an antagonist of platelet activating factor (PAF) and inhibitor of thromboxane synthesis, used for lessening the inflammation and damage resulting from a local release of PAF.
  • HY-N7225
    Yuanhuacine

    Gnidilatidin

    Others Cancer
    Yuanhuacine (Gnidilatidin), a daphnane diterpenoid from the flowers of Daphne genkwa with extensive anti-tumor activity. Yuanhuacine is a DNA-damaging agent with orally active.
  • HY-B0639
    Amifostine

    WR2721

    MDM-2/p53 HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Cancer
    Amifostine (WR2721) is a broad-spectrum cytoprotective agent and a radioprotector. Amifostine selectively protects normal tissues from damage caused by radiation and chemotherapy. Amifostine is potent hypoxia-inducible factor-α1 (HIF-α1) and p53 inducer. Amifostine protects cells from damage by scavenging oxygen-derived free radicals. Amifostine reduces renal toxicity and has antiangiogenic action.
  • HY-N2406
    Dihydrocaffeic acid

    3,4-Dihydroxy-benzenepropanoic acid

    p38 MAPK Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Dihydrocaffeic acid is a phenolic acid found in Gynura bicolor, reduces phosphorylation of MAPK p38 and prevent UVB-induced skin damage. Antioxidant potential and anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-B1234
    Octinoxate

    Octyl methoxycinnamate

    Others Others
    Octinoxate is an organic compound that is an ingredient in some sunscreens and lip balms, primarily used is in sunscreens and other cosmetics to absorb UV-B rays from the sun, protecting the skin from damage.
  • HY-N7091
    Atrazine

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Atrazine is principally used for control of certain annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Atrazine inhibits photophosphorylation but typically does not result in lethality or permanent cell damage in the short term.
  • HY-B0639A
    Amifostine trihydrate

    WR2721 trihydrate

    MDM-2/p53 HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Cancer
    Amifostine trihydrate (WR2721 trihydrate) is a broad-spectrum cytoprotective agent and a radioprotector. Amifostine trihydrate selectively protects normal tissues from damage caused by radiation and chemotherapy. Amifostine trihydrate is potent hypoxia-inducible factor-α1 (HIF-α1) and p53 inducer. Amifostine trihydrate protects cells from damage by scavenging oxygen-derived free radicals. Amifostine trihydrate reduces renal toxicity and has antiangiogenic action.
  • HY-N5057
    Przewalskinic acid A

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Przewalskinic acid A is a phenolic acid found in the Salvia przewalskii Maxim herb. Phenolic acids show potent antioxidant activities and potential effects in protecting against brain and heart damage caused by ischemia reperfusion.
  • HY-W015892
    γ-Hexalactone

    Others Others
    γ-Hexalactone is a gamma-lactone found in ripe fruits. γ-Hexalactone induces DNA damage and acts a substrate of paraoxonase 1 (PON1).
  • HY-B2028
    Propargite

    Parasite Infection
    Propargite is a pesticide used to kill mites. Propargite induces β-cell necrosis preceded by DNA damage. Propargite induces MIN6 cell death with an IC50 of 1 μM.
  • HY-N9508
    Perilla ketone

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Perilla ketone is a naturally occurring xenobiotic compound. Perilla ketone is activated by pulmonary P450 cytochrome enzymes in the lung, resulting in severe pulmonary damage and development of diffuse pulmonary edema.
  • HY-B0077
    Bendamustine hydrochloride

    SDX-105

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Apoptosis Cancer
    Bendamustine hydrochloride (SDX-105), a purine analogue, is a DNA cross-linking agent. Bendamustine hydrochloride activats DNA-damage stress response and apoptosis. Bendamustine hydrochloride has potent alkylating, anticancer and antimetabolite properties.
  • HY-W009731
    Dibenzoylmethane

    Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Dibenzoylmethane, a minor ingredient in licorice, activates Nrf2 and prevents various cancers and oxidative damage. Dibenzoylmethane, an analog of curcumin, results in dissociation from Keap1 and nuclear translocation of Nrf2.
  • HY-N4096
    Tsugaric acid A

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Tsugaric acid A can significantly inhibit superoxide anion formation. Tsugaric acid A also protects human keratinocytes against damage induced by ultraviolet B (UV B) light. Tsugaric acid A can protect keratinocytes from photodamage.
  • HY-N6264
    26-Deoxyactein

    Others Metabolic Disease
    26-Deoxyactein is a constituent isolated from Cimicifuga racemosa, prevents TCDD-induced osteoblasts damage. 26-Deoxyactein inhibits increased AhR, CYP1A1 and ERK levels.
  • HY-109654
    Ensulizole

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Ensulizole is a sulfonated UV absorber and can intense UVB and partial UVA absorption. Ensulizole can damage the DNA through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) upon UV or sunlight irradiation.
  • HY-N2217
    Rotundic acid

    Akt mTOR p38 MAPK Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Rotundic acid, a triterpenoid obtained from I. rotunda, induces DNA damage and cell apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma through AKT/mTOR and MAPK Pathways. Rotundic acid possesses anti-inflammatory and cardio-protective abilities.
  • HY-108038
    ABT-107

    nAChR Neurological Disease
    ABT-107 is a selective α7 neuronal nicotinic receptor agonist. ABT-107 protects against nigrostriatal damage in rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions.
  • HY-128777
    WEHI-9625

    VDAC Apoptosis Cancer
    WEHI-9625 is a tricyclic sulfone, first-in-class inhibitor of apoptosis with an EC50 of 69 nM. WEHI-9625 binds to VDAC2 and promotes its ability to inhibit apoptosis driven by mouse BAK. WEHI-9625 is completely inactive against both human BAK and the closely related apoptosis effector BAX.
  • HY-13567
    Bendamustine

    SDX-105 free base

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Apoptosis Cancer
    Bendamustine (SDX-105 free base), a purine analogue, is a DNA cross-linking agent. Bendamustine activates DNA-damage stress response and apoptosis. Bendamustine has potent alkylating, anticancer and antimetabolite properties.
  • HY-W018026
    Oxfenicine

    L-p-Hydroxyphenylglycine; 4-Hydroxy-L-phenylglycine; UK 25842

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Oxfenicine (L-p-Hydroxyphenylglycine) is an orally active carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 inhibitor. Oxfenicine inhibits the oxidation of fatty acid in heart. Oxfenicine protects heart from necrotic tissue damage during ischaemia.
  • HY-N4098
    Incensole Acetate

    Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    Incensole acetate is a main constituent of Boswellia carterii resin, has neuroprotective effects against neuronal damage in traumatic and ischemic head injury. Incensole acetate reduces Aβ25–35-triggered apoptosis in hOBNSCs.
  • HY-N6996
    Methyl Eugenol

    Others Others
    Methyl Eugenol, a phenylpropanoid chemical in leaves, fruits, stems, and/or roots, may be released when that corresponding part of a plant is damaged as a result of feeding by an herbivore. Methyl Eugenol is used for male annihilation of the oriental fruit fly.
  • HY-117962
    (Rac)-BI 703704

    Guanylate Cyclase Metabolic Disease
    (Rac)-BI 703704 is a potent soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) activator. (Rac)-BI 703704 reduces progression of renal damage in the ZSF1 rat, and highlight the potential of sGC activation as an effective therapy for diabetic nephropathy.
  • HY-120140
    Ganoderic acid DM

    Apoptosis PI3K Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Ganoderic acid DM, a natural triterpenoid isolated from Ganoderma lucidum, induces DNA damage, G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human breast cancer cells. Ganoderic acid DM as a specific inhibitor of osteoclastogenesis.
  • HY-111320
    Chrysomycin B

    Bacterial Antibiotic Cancer
    Chrysomycin B is an antibiotic isolated from a strain of Streptomyces. Chrysomycin B causes DNA damage in the human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line and inhibits topoisomerase II. Chrysomycin B suppresses the growth of transplantable tumors in mice.
  • HY-101566A
    Elimusertib hydrochloride

    BAY 1895344 hydrochloride

    ATM/ATR Cancer
    Elimusertib (BAY 1895344) hydrochloride is a potent, orally active and selective ATR inhibitor with an IC50 of 7 nM. Elimusertib hydrochloride has anti-tumor activity. Elimusertib hydrochloride can be used for the research of solid tumors and lymphomas.
  • HY-101566
    Elimusertib

    BAY 1895344

    ATM/ATR Cancer
    Elimusertib (BAY-1895344) is a potent, orally active and selective ATR inhibitor with an IC50 of 7 nM. Elimusertib has anti-tumor activity. Elimusertib can be used for the research of solid tumors and lymphomas.
  • HY-118716
    PhIP

    Others Cancer
    PhIP is the most abundant of generation of heterocyclic amines (HCA), resulted in the cooking of meat. DNA damaging and mutagenic activities. PhIP also has oestrogenic activity that could contribute to its tissue specific carcinogenicity.
  • HY-B1410
    Ioversol

    MP-328

    Others Others
    Ioversol (MP-328) is a nonionic iodinated contrast medium (CM) that is used during a CT scan or x-ray in animal experiment. Ioversol does not damage the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in animal.
  • HY-111183
    Neocarzinostatin

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Neocarzinostatin, a potent DNA-damaging, anti-tumor antibiotic, recognizes double-stranded DNA bulge and induces DNA double strand breaks (DSBs). Neocarzinostatin induces apoptosis. Neocarzinostatin has potential for EpCAM-positive cancers treatment .
  • HY-113772
    Inflachromene

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Inflachromene, a microglial inhibitor, binds to HMGB1 and HMGB2 and exerts anti-inflammatory effects. Inflachromene effectively downregulates proinflammatory functions of HMGB and reduces neuronal damage. Inflachromene can be used for the research of neuroinflammatory disorders.
  • HY-N1506
    Ganodermanontriol

    Others Cancer
    Ganodermanontriol, a sterol isolated from Ganoderma lucidum, induces anti-inflammatory activity in tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-damaged hepatic cells through the expression of HO-1. Ganodermanontriol exhibits hepatoprotective activity.
  • HY-100807
    Quinolinic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite iGluR Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Quinolinic acid is an endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist synthesized from L-tryptophan via the kynurenine pathway and thereby has the potential of mediating N-methyl-D-aspartate neuronal damage and dysfunction.
  • HY-N0823
    Lithospermic acid

    (+)-Lithospermic acid

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Lithospermic acid ((+)-Lithospermic acid) is a plant-derived polycyclic phenolic carboxylic acid isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza, and has the anti-oxidative and hepatoprotective activity on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver damage in vitro and in vivo.
  • HY-N6576
    Hellebrigenin

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Hellebrigenin, one of bufadienolides belonging to cardioactive steroids, is isolated from traditional Chinese medicine Venenum Bufonis. Hellebrigenin induces DNA damage and cell cycle G2/M arrest. Hellebrigenin triggers mitochondria-mediated apoptosis.
  • HY-N2510
    Myristicin

    Myristicine

    5-HT Receptor Neurological Disease
    Myristicine  act as a serotonin receptor antagonist, a weak monamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor. Myristicine is the main component of nutmeg essential oil from Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristicine abuse produce hallucinogenic effects, organ damage, deliriumand others.
  • HY-B1139
    Tolperisone hydrochloride

    Others Neurological Disease
    Tolperisone hydrochloride is a centrally acting muscle relaxant, is indicated for use in the treatment of pathologically increased tone of the cross-striated muscle caused by neurological diseases (damage of the pyramidal tract, multiple sclerosis, myelopathy, encephalomyelitis) and of spastic paralysis and other encephalopathies manifested with muscular dystonia.
  • HY-128920
    Phortress free base

    Cytochrome P450 Cancer
    Phortress free base (NSC 710305) is a P450 CYP1A1-activated antitumor prodrug with antitumor activity. Phortress free base leads to DNA damage and cell cycle arrest.
  • HY-16182A
    Ecamsule disodium

    Others Others
    Ecamsule disodium is a broad-spectrum UVA filter that can be used in sunscreen product. Ecamsule reduces biological damage caused by solar radiation such as pyrimidine dimer formation, p53 protein accumula-tion, or collagenase 2 expression.
  • HY-N2342
    Procyanidin C1

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Procyanidin C1 is a natural polyphenol, causes DNA damage, cell cycle arrest, and induces apoptosis. Procyanidin C1 decreases the level of Bcl-2, but enhances BAX, caspase 3 and 9 expression in cancer cells.
  • HY-108640
    HLI373

    MDM-2/p53 Parasite Apoptosis Cancer Infection
    HLI373 is an efficacious Hdm2 inhibitor. HLI373 inhibits the ubiquitin ligase activity of Hdm2. HLI373 is effective in inducing apoptosis of several tumor cells that are sensitive to DNA-damaging agents. Antimalarial activity.
  • HY-108640A
    HLI373 dihydrochloride

    MDM-2/p53 Parasite Apoptosis Cancer Infection
    HLI373 dihydrochloride is an efficacious Hdm2 inhibitor. HLI373 dihydrochloride inhibits the ubiquitin ligase activity of Hdm2. HLI373 dihydrochloride is effective in inducing apoptosis of several tumor cells that are sensitive to DNA-damaging agents. Antimalarial activity.
  • HY-B1953
    Thiacloprid

    Parasite Infection
    Thiacloprid, a chloronicotinyl insecticide, is targeted chiefly to control aphid pest species in orchards and vegetables. Thiacloprid destabilizes DNA. Thiacloprid changes the structure and stability of DNA through binding into the minor groove by hydrophobic or hydrogen interactions.
  • HY-123512
    OUL35

    NSC39047

    PARP Cancer
    OUL35 (NSC39047) is a potent and selective inhibitor of ARTD10 (PARP-10), with an IC50 of 329 nM.
  • HY-N6073
    Soyasapogenol A

    Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Soyasapogenol A, a triterpene compound, isolated from the roots of Abrus cantoniensis. Soyasapogenol A directly prevents apoptosis of hepatocytes, and secondly, inhibits the elevation of plasma TNF-α, which consequently results in the prevention of liver damage in the Concanavalin A-induced hepatitis model.
  • HY-N0181A
    Lumisterol

    9β,10α-Ergosterol

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Lumisterol (9β,10α-Ergosterol), a steroid compound, is the (9β,10α)-stereoisomer of Ergosterol. Lumisterol is a photoprotective agent against UVB-induced DNA damage and anti-proliferative activities.
  • HY-111756
    BLM-IN-1

    Apoptosis Cancer
    BLM-IN-1 (compound 29) is an effective Bloom syndrome protein (BLM) inhibitor, with a strong BLM binding KD of 1.81 μM and an IC50 of 0.95 μM for BLM. Induces DNA damage response, as well as apoptosis and proliferation arrest in cancer cells.
  • HY-126241
    RV01

    Aldehyde Dehydrogenase (ALDH) Inflammation/Immunology
    RV01 is an analogue of resveratrol, inhibits DNA damage, reduces acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) mRNA expression induced by ethanol, and exhibits hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. RV01 decreases iNOS expression, with anti-neuroinflammatory activity.
  • HY-N6020B
    Butin

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Butin is a major biologically active flavonoid isolated from the heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera, with strong antioxidant, antiplatelet and anti-inflammatory activities. Butin significantly alleviates myocardial infarction and improves heart function, together with prevents diabetes-induced cardiac oxidative damage in rat.
  • HY-P1663A
    ATWLPPR Peptide TFA

    Complement System Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    ATWLPPR Peptide TFA, a heptapeptide, acts as a selective neuropilin-1 inhibitor, inhibits VEGF165 binding to NRP-1, used in the research of angiogenesis. ATWLPPR Peptide TFA has potential in reducing the early retinal damage caused by diabetes.
  • HY-W004520
    Phenazine methylsulfate

    5-Methylphenazinium methylsulfate

    Bacterial Antibiotic Apoptosis Others
    Phenazine methylsulfate is a free radical generator. Phenazine methylsulfate has been used as an electron transfer reactant in cell viability assays. Phenazine methylsulfate induces ssDNA break formation in the presence of the reducing agent NADPH. Phenazine methylsulfate induces oxidative DNA damage in an alkaline comet assay and apoptosis.
  • HY-N0534
    Vitexin-2"-O-rhamnoside

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Vitexin-2"-O-rhamnoside, a main flavonoid glycoside of the leaves of Cratagus pinnatifida Bge, contributes to the protection against H2O2-mediated oxidative stress damage and has potential to treat cardiovascular system diseases.
  • HY-N0729
    Linoleic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Linoleic acid is a common polyunsaturated (PUFA) found in plant-based oils, nuts and seeds. Linoleic acid is a part of membrane phospholipids, and functions as a structural component to maintain a certain level of membrane fluidity of the transdermal water barrier of the epidermis. Linoleic acid induces red blood cells and hemoglobin damage via oxidative mechanism .
  • HY-100202
    TPEN

    TPEDA

    Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    TPEN (TPEDA) is a specific cell-permeable heavy metal chelator. TPEN has a higher affinity for Zn 2+, but a lower affinity for Mg 2+ and Ca 2+. TPEN induces DNA damage and increases intracellular ROS production. TPEN also inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-122705
    RAD51-IN-1

    RAD51 Cancer
    RAD51-IN-1, a derivative of  B02, is a potent inhibitor of RAD51. RAD51-IN-1 can be used for cancer research.
  • HY-113303
    FAPy-adenine

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Neurological Disease
    FAPy-adenine is an oxidized DNA base. Fapy-adenine shows an increased trend levels in the Alzheimer's disease brain. Oxidized nucleosides are biochemical markers for tumors, aging, and neurodegenerative diseases.
  • HY-N7681
    Taxifolin 7-O-β-D-glucoside

    Taxifolin 7-O-glucoside

    Others Others
    Taxifolin 7-O-β-D-glucoside (Taxifolin 7-O-glucoside) is one of the main metabolites at the seed germination stage in Scutellaria baicalensis. Taxifolin 7-O-β-D-glucoside, a flavonoid, mainly exists in the episperm and participates in defending against pathogens and UV-damage.
  • HY-16274
    Lapaquistat acetate

    TAK-475

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Lapaquistat acetate (TAK-475) is a squalene synthase inhibitor, blocking the conversion of farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) to squalene in the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway. Lapaquistat acetate is effective at lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, but it might cause liver damage. Lapaquistat acetate is used for hypercholesterolemia and mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) research.
  • HY-19747
    HPOB

    HDAC Apoptosis Cancer
    HPOB is a highly potent and selective inhibitor of HDAC6 with an IC50 of 56 nM. HPOB displays >30 fold less potent against other HDACs. HPOB enhances the effectiveness of DNA-damaging anticancer agents in transformed cells but not normal cells. HPOB does not block the ubiquitin-binding activity of HDAC6.
  • HY-P2076
    Dusquetide

    SGX942

    Bacterial Cancer Infection
    Dusquetide (SGX942) is a first-in-class innate defense regulator (IDR). Dusquetide modulates the innate immune response to both PAMPs and DAMPs by binding to p62. Dusquetide shows activity in both reducing inflammation and increasing clearance of bacterial infection. DAMPs: damage-associated molecular patterns; PAMPs: pathogen-associated molecular patterns
  • HY-100538A
    DTP3 TFA

    DNA/RNA Synthesis JNK Cancer
    DTP3 TFA is a potent and selective GADD45β/MKK7 (growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible β/mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 7) inhibitor. DTP3 TFA targets an essential, cancer-selective cell-survival module downstream of the NF-κB pathway.
  • HY-100579
    Ferrostatin-1

    Ferroptosis Fungal Cancer
    Ferrostatin-1, a potent and selective ferroptosis inhibitor, suppresses Erastin-induced ferroptosis in HT-1080 cells (EC50=60 nM). Ferrostatin-1, a synthetic antioxidant, acts via a reductive mechanism to prevent damage to membrane lipids and thereby inhibits cell death. Antifungal Activity.
  • HY-N3985
    Gyrophoric acid

    Others Cancer
    Gyrophoric acid is a good ultraviolet filter in lichen populations. Gyrophoric acid shows DPPH radical scavenging activity with an IC50 value of 105.75 µg/ml.
  • HY-135981
    CMS-121

    Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    CMS-121 is a quinolone derivative and an orally active acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1) inhibitor. CMS-121 protects HT22 cells against ischemia and oxidative damage with EC50 values of 7 nM and 200 nM, respectively. CMS-121 has strong neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, antioxidative and renoprotective activities.
  • HY-N4170
    Chebulic acid

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Chebulic acid, a phenolcarboxylic acid compound isolated from Terminalia chebula, has potent anti-oxidant activity, which breaks the cross-links of proteins induced by advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and inhibits the formation of AGEs. Chebulic acid is effective in controlling elevated metabolic parameters, oxidative stress and renal damage, supporting its beneficial effect in diabetic nephropathy.
  • HY-P2076A
    Dusquetide TFA

    SGX942 TFA

    Bacterial Cancer Infection
    Dusquetide (SGX942) TFA is a first-in-class innate defense regulator (IDR). Dusquetide TFA modulates the innate immune response to both PAMPs and DAMPs by binding to p62. Dusquetide TFA shows activity in both reducing inflammation and increasing clearance of bacterial infection. DAMPs: damage-associated molecular patterns; PAMPs: pathogen-associated molecular patterns
  • HY-17371
    Oxaliplatin

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker DNA/RNA Synthesis Autophagy Cancer
    Oxaliplatin is a DNA synthesis inhibitor. Oxaliplatin causes DNA crosslinking damage, prevents DNA replication and transcription and causes cell death. Oxaliplatin time-dependently inhibits human melanoma cell lines C32 and G361 with IC50 values of 0.98 μM and 0.14 μM, respectively. Oxaliplatin induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-N0293
    Paeoniflorin

    Peoniflorin

    HSP Neurological Disease
    Paeoniflorin (Peoniflorin), a heat shock protein-inducing compound and a pinane monoterpene glycoside with various bioactivities, such as anticancer effects, anti-oxidative stress, antiplatelet aggregation, expansion of blood vessels, reducing blood viscosity and anti-inflammatory activity. paeoniflorin protects PC12 cells from MPP + and acidic damage via autophagic pathway.
  • HY-N2082
    Isorhamnetin 3-O-galactoside

    Cacticin

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Isorhamnetin 3-O-galactoside (Cacticin), a flavonoid glycoside isolated from Artemisia capillaris Thunberg, which ameliorates CCl4-induced hepatic damage by enhancing the anti-oxidative defense system and reducing the inflammatory signaling pathways. Isorhamnetin 3-O-galactoside (Cacticin) has antithrombotic and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-13599
    Cladribine

    2-Chloro-2′-deoxyadenosine; CldAdo; 2CdA

    Adenosine Deaminase Apoptosis Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Cladribine (2-Chloro-2′-deoxyadenosine), a purine nucleoside analog, is an orally active adenosine deaminase inhibitor. Cladribine functions as an inhibitor of DNA synthesis to block the repair of the damaged DNA. Cladribine can inhibit DNA methylation. Cladribine has anti-lymphoma activity. Cladribine can be used for the research of several hematologic malignancies and multiple sclerosis.
  • HY-129056
    Melagatran

    Thrombin Cardiovascular Disease
    Melagatran is a direct and orally active inhibitor of thrombin, without interacting with any other enzymes in the coagulation cascade or fibrinolytic enzymes aside from thrombin. Melagatran does not require endogenous co-factors for its antithrombin effect and may help to alleviate some of the damaging effects of endotoxemia. Melagatran has the potential to provide a rational approach in the prevention of arterial occlusion.
  • HY-N2013
    Aristolactam I

    Aristololactam; Aristolactam

    Caspase Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Aristololactam I (AL-I), is the main metabolite of aristolochic acid I (AA-I), participates in the processes that lead to renal damage. Aristololactam I (AL-I) directly injures renal proximal tubule cells, the cytotoxic potency of AL-I is higher than that of AA-I and that the cytotoxic effects of these molecules are mediated through the induction of apoptosis in a caspase-3-dependent pathway.
  • HY-D0214
    Rose Bengal sodium

    Influenza Virus Others
    Rose Bengal sodium, a synthetic fluorescein derivative, and is a crimson-coloured dye with the principal component being 4,5,6,7-tetrachloro-2,4,5,7-tetraiodo fluorescein. Rose Bengal sodium has been widely used as an ophthalmic diagnostic agents, and can detect desiccated or damaged cells on the ocular surface. Rose Bengal sodium exhibits antiviral activities.
  • HY-122198
    ML367

    Others Cancer
    ML367 is a potent inhibitor of ATPase family AAA domain-containing protein 5 (ATAD5) stabilization, acts as a probe molecule that has low micromolar inhibitory activity. ML367 blocks DNA repair pathways, suppresses general DNA damage responses including RPA32-phosphorylation and CHK1-phosphorylation in response to UV irradiation.
  • HY-N0754
    Eupalinolide A

    HSP Inflammation/Immunology
    Eupalinolide A, isolated from Eupatorium lindleyanum, induces the expression of HSP70 via the activation of HSF1 by inhibiting the interaction between HSF1 and HSP90.
  • HY-100609
    4-P-PDOT

    Melatonin Receptor Neurological Disease
    4-P-PDOT is a potent, selective and affinity Melatonin receptor (MT2) antagonist. 4-P-PDOT is >300-fold more selective for MT2 than MT1. 4-P-PDOT significantly counteracts Melatonin-mediated antioxidant effects (GSH/GSSG ratio, phospho-ERK, Nrf2 nuclear translocation, Nrf2 DNA-binding activity).
  • HY-135008
    J14

    Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer
    J14 is a reversible sulfiredoxin inhibitor with an IC50 of 8.1 μM. J14 induces oxidative stress (intracellular ROS accumulation) by inhibiting sulfiredoxin, leading to cytotoxicity and cancer cell death.
  • HY-136270
    Gartisertib

    VX-803; M4344; ATR inhibitor 2

    ATM/ATR Cancer
    Gartisertib (VX-803) is an ATP-competitive, orally active, and selective ATR inhibitor, with a Ki of <150 pM. Gartisertib potently inhibits ATR-driven phosphorylated checkpoint kinase-1 (Chk1) phosphorylation with an IC50 of 8 nM. Antitumor activity.
  • HY-107407
    SB-218078

    Checkpoint Kinase (Chk) CDK PKC Apoptosis Cancer
    SB-218078 is a potent, selective, ATP-competitive and cell-permeable checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1) inhibitor that inhibits Chk1 phosphorylation of cdc25C with an IC50 of 15 nM. SB-218078 is less potently inhibits Cdc2 (IC50 of 250 nM) and PKC (IC50 of 1000 nM). SB-218078 causes apoptosis by DNA damage and cell cycle arrest.
  • HY-10206
    Amuvatinib

    MP470; HPK 56

    c-Kit PDGFR RAD51 FLT3 c-Met/HGFR RET Apoptosis Cancer
    Amuvatinib (MP470) is an orally bioavailable multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor with potent activity against mutant c-Kit, PDGFRα, Flt3, c-Met and c-Ret. Amuvatinib (MP470) is also a DNA repair suppressor through suppression of DNA repair protein RAD51, thereby disrupting DNA damage repair. Antineoplastic activity.
  • HY-136340
    21-Acetoxypregna-1,4,9(11),16-tetraene-3,20-dione

    Glucocorticoid Receptor NF-κB Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    21-Acetoxypregna-1,4,9(11),16-tetraene-3,20-dione is an intermediate of delta 9,11 steroids synthesis, for example, Vamorolone (HY-109017). The delta 9,11 steroids are modifications of glucocorticoids and has anti-inflammatory properties. The delta 9,11 steroids are agents for protection against cell damage (lipid peroxidation) and inhibition of neovascularization.
  • HY-10206A
    Amuvatinib hydrochloride

    MP470 hydrochloride; HPK 56 hydrochloride

    c-Kit PDGFR RAD51 FLT3 c-Met/HGFR RET Cancer
    Amuvatinib hydrochloride (MP470 hydrochloride) is an orally bioavailable multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor with potent activity against mutant c-Kit, PDGFRα, Flt3, c-Met and c-Ret. Amuvatinib hydrochloride (MP470 hydrochloride) is also a DNA repair suppressor through suppression of DNA repair protein RAD51, thereby disrupting DNA damage repair. Antineoplastic activity.
  • HY-B0166
    L-Ascorbic acid

    L-Ascorbate; Vitamin C

    Reactive Oxygen Species Calcium Channel Apoptosis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    L-Ascorbic acid (L-Ascorbate), an electron donor, is an endogenous antioxidant agent. L-Ascorbic acid inhibits selectively Cav3.2 channels with an IC50 of 6.5 μM. L-Ascorbic acid is also a collagen deposition enhancer and an elastogenesis inhibitor. L-Ascorbic acid exhibits anti-cancer effects through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and selective damage to cancer cells.
  • HY-B0097
    Floxuridine

    5-Fluorouracil 2'-deoxyriboside

    Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog DNA/RNA Synthesis Bacterial CMV HSV Apoptosis Cancer Infection
    Floxuridine (5-Fluorouracil 2'-deoxyriboside) is a pyrimidine analog and known as an oncology antimetabolite. Floxuridine inhibits Poly(ADP-Ribose) polymerase and induces DNA damage by activating the ATM and ATR checkpoint signaling pathways in vitro. Floxuridine is a extreamly potent inhibitor for S. aureus infection and induces cell apoptosis. Floxuridine has antiviral effects against HSV and CMV.
  • HY-130250
    SR-4835

    CDK Apoptosis Cancer
    SR-4835 is a potent, highly selective and ATP competitive dual inhibitor of CDK12/CDK13 (CDK12: IC50=99 nM, Kd=98 nM; CDK13: Kd=4.9 nM). SR-4835 acts in synergy with DNA-damaging chemotherapy and PARP inhibitors and provokes triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell death.
  • HY-N0307
    Ciwujianoside B

    Bcl-2 Family Neurological Disease
    Ciwujianoside B is isolated from Eleutherococcus senticosus leaf, is able to penetrate and work in the brain after the oral administration. Ciwujianoside B significantly enhances object recognition memory. Ciwujianoside B shows radioprotective effects on the hematopoietic system in mice, which is associated with changes in the cell cycle, reduces DNA damage and down-regulates the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 in bone marrow cells exposed to radiation.
  • HY-125039
    N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide

    Glutathione Peroxidase Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide is a potent, reversible, specific, and non-toxic tripeptide inhibitor of myeloperoxidase (MPO). N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide effectively inhibits MPO generation of toxic oxidants in vivo. N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide reduces neuronal damage and preserves brain tissue and neurological function in the stroked brain. N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide inhibits MPO-dependent hypochlorous acid (HOCl) generation, protein nitration, and LDL oxidation.
  • HY-12803
    Fulvene-5

    NADPH Oxidase Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer
    Fulvene-5 is a potent NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) inhibitor with antioxidant properties. Fulvene-5 is a reactive oxygen species (ROS) modifying agent and a potent radioprotector. Fulvene-5 has antitumor activity.
  • HY-103241
    Ro 90-7501

    Amyloid-β ATM/ATR Phosphatase Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    Ro 90-7501 is an amyloid β42 (Aβ42) fibril assembly inhibitor that reduces 42-induced cytotoxicity (EC50 of 2 μM). Ro 90-7501 inhibits ATM phosphorylation and DNA repair. RO 90-7501 selectively enhances toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) and RIG-I-like receptor (RLR) ligand-induced IFN-β gene expression and antiviral response. Ro 90-7501 also inhibits protein phosphatase 5 (PP5) in a TPR-dependent manner. Ro 90-7501 has significant radiosensitizing effects on cervical cancer cells.
  • HY-135775
    BMVC

    G-quadruplex Telomerase DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    BMVC is a potent G-quadruplex (G4) stabilizer and a selective telomerase inhibitor with an IC50 of ~0.2 μM. BMVC inhibits Taq DNA polymerase with an IC50 of ~2.5 μM. BMVC increases the melting temperature of G4 structure of telomere and accelerates telomere length shortening. Anticancer activities.
  • HY-12484
    BMH-21

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    BMH-21 is a first-in-class DNA intercalator which inhibits RNA polymerase I (Pol I) transcription. BMH-21 possesses anticancer activity.
  • HY-N0615
    Notoginsenoside R1

    Sanchinoside R1; Sanqi glucoside R1

    Amyloid-β Apoptosis Others
    Notoginsenoside R1 (Sanchinoside R1), a saponin, is isolated from P. notoginseng. Notoginsenoside R1 exhibits anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, and anti-apoptosis activities. Notoginsenoside R1 provides cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Notoginsenoside R1 also provides neuroprotection in H2O2-induced oxidative damage in PC12 cells.
  • HY-N0594
    Deacetylasperulosidic Acid

    Interleukin Related Inflammation/Immunology
    Deacetylasperulosidic acid (DAA) is a major phytochemical constituent of Morinda citrifolia fruit. Deacetylasperulosidic acidhas antioxidant activity by increasing superoxide dismutase activity. Deacetylasperulosidic acid has anticlastogenic activity, suppressing the induction of chromosome aberrations in hamster ovary cells and mice. Deacetylasperulosidic acid prevents 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO) induced DNA damage in vitro, suppresses IL-2 production along with the activation of natural killer cells.
  • HY-B0837
    Emamectin Benzoate

    MK-244

    Parasite GABA Receptor Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Infection Neurological Disease
    Emamectin Benzoate (MK-244) is an orally active nervoussystem toxicant by binding g-aminobutyric (GABA) receptor in insects. Emamectin Benzoate is one of semi-synthetic derivative of Avermectin (HY-15311) with a broadspectrum of insecticidal and acaricidal activity. Emamectin Benzoate induces ROS-mediated DNA damage and cell apoptosis. Emamectin Benzoate, a mixture of the natural Emamectin B1a benzoate and Emamectin B1b benzoate, has the main component of Emamectin B1a benzoate.
  • HY-N1441
    Afzelin

    Kaempferol-3-O-rhamnoside

    Mitochondrial Metabolism PTEN Bacterial Autophagy Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Afzelin (Kaempferol-3-O-rhamnoside) is is a flavonol glycoside found in Houttuynia cordata Thunberg and is widely used in the preparation of antibacterial and antipyretic agents, detoxicants and for the treatment of inflammation. Afzelin attenuates the mitochondrial damage, enhances mitochondrial biogenesis and decreases the level of mitophagy-related proteins, parkin and PTEN-induced putative kinase 1. Afzelin improves the survival rate and reduces the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase and pro-inflammatory cytokines in D-galactosamine (GalN)/LPS -treated mice.
  • HY-W009732
    Sinapinic acid

    Sinapic acid

    HDAC Angiotensin-converting Enzyme (ACE) Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Sinapinic acid (Sinapic acid) is a phenolic compound isolated from Hydnophytum formicarum Jack. Rhizome, acts as an inhibitor of HDAC, with an IC50 of 2.27 mM, and also inhibits ACE-I activity. Sinapinic acid posssess potent anti-tumor activity, induces apoptosis of tumor cells. Sinapinic acid shows antioxidant and antidiabetic activities. Sinapinic acid reduces total cholesterol, triglyceride, and HOMA-IR index, and also normalizes some serum parameters of antioxidative abilities and oxidative damage in ovariectomized rats.
  • HY-124691
    D-I03

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    D-I03 is a selective RAD52 inhibitor with a Kd of 25.8 µM. D-I03 specifically inhibits RAD52-dependent single-strand annealing (SSA) and D-loop formation with IC50s of 5 µM and 8 µM, respectively. D-I03 suppresses growth of BRCA1- and BRCA2-deficient cells and inhibits formation of damage-induced RAD52 foci, but does not effect on RAD51 foci induced by Cisplatin.
  • HY-N7676
    Marein

    AMPK HDAC Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Marein has the neuroprotective effect due to a reduction of damage to mitochondria function and activation of the AMPK signal pathway. Marein improves insulin resistance induced by high glucose in HepG2 cells through CaMKK/AMPK/GLUT1 to promote glucose uptake, through IRS/Akt/GSK-3β to increase glycogen synthesis, and through Akt/FoxO1 to decrease gluconeogenesis. Marein is a HDAC inhibitor with an IC50 of 100 µM. Marein has beneficial antioxidative, antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic and antidiabetic effects.
  • HY-N6800A
    Netropsin dihydrochloride

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Bacterial Influenza Virus Antibiotic Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Netropsin (dihydrochloride) is a small-molecule MGB (minor-groove binder), inhibits the catalytic activity of isolated topoisomerase and interferes with the stabilization of the cleavable complexes of topoisomerase II and I in nuclei. Netropsin (dihydrochloride) has potential antibiotic and antiviral properties by binding to dsDNA in a non-intercalative manner, it improves survival from murine endotoxaemia by attenuating NOS2 induction through interference with HMGA1 DNA binding to the core NOS2 promoter. Netropsin (dihydrochloride) in solutions of DNA has radioprotective ability against radiation-induced damage due to its high binding affinity and high structural stabilization, hydroxyl radical (OH*) generated by ionizing radiation cannot radiolyse the netropsin-DNA complex.