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Results for "

dysfunctions

" in MCE Product Catalog:

152

Inhibitors & Agonists

8

Screening Libraries

2

Biochemical Assay Reagents

9

Peptides

28

Natural
Products

8

Isotope-Labeled Compounds

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-N0330
    Momordin Ic

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Momordin Ic is a principal saponin constituent of Fructus Kochiae, with with anti-cancer bioactivity. Momordin Ic induces apoptosis through oxidative stress-regulated mitochondrial dysfunction.
  • HY-B1093
    Fenchlorphos

    Parasite Cholinesterase (ChE) Infection
    Fenchlorphos, an organophosphate, is an insecticide. Fenchlorphos is an inhibitor of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Fenchlorphos is able to cause mitochondrial dysfunction.
  • HY-12717
    Phentolamine

    Adrenergic Receptor Endocrinology
    Phentolamine is a potent, selective and orally active α1 adrenergic and α2 adrenergic receptor antagonist. Phentolamine can be used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction.
  • HY-105686
    FR-229934

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Cardiovascular Disease
    FR-229934 is a PDE V inhibitor extracted from patent WO2019130052A1. FR-229934 can be used for the research of pulmonary arterial hypertension and erectile dysfunction.
  • HY-147400
    Sipagladenant

    Adenosine Receptor Neurological Disease
    Sipagladenant (Compound I) is an orally active adenosine receptor A2A inverse agonist. Sipagladenant can be used in frontal lobe dysfunction research.
  • HY-101795
    Larixyl acetate

    TRP Channel Infection Neurological Disease
    Larixyl acetate is a potent and selective TRPC6 inhibitor with IC50 values of 0.58 μM and 6.83 μM against hTRPC6-YFP and hTRPC3-YFP, respectively. Larixyl acetate prevents HPV and is effective in protecting against traumatic brain injury-induced systemic endothelial dysfunction.
  • HY-121988
    INF4E

    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Inflammation/Immunology
    INF4E is a potent NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor. INF4E inhibits caspase-1 and NLRP3 ATPase activities. INF4E shows protection against the IR-induced myocardial injury and dysfunction.
  • HY-111623
    USP30 inhibitor 11

    Deubiquitinase Cancer
    USP30 inhibitor 11 is a selective and potent ubiquitin specific peptidase 30 (USP30) inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.01 µΜ, the example 83 extracted from patent WO2017009650A1. USP30 inhibitor 11 is used for the study of cancer and conditions involving mitochondrial dysfunction.
  • HY-B0267C
    (R)-Oxybutynin

    Aroxybutynin

    mAChR Neurological Disease
    (R)-Oxybutynin (Aroxybutynin), a (R)-isomer of Oxybutynin, is an orally active muscarinic receptor antagonist. (R)-Oxybutynin has antimuscarinic, antispasmodic and anticholinergic activity, competitively antagonizes Carbachol-induced contractions. (R)-Oxybutynin can be used for researching incontinence due to neurogenic bladder dysfunction.
  • HY-N7063
    Nerol

    Reactive Oxygen Species Fungal Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Endogenous Metabolite Infection
    Nerol is a constituent of neroli oil. Nerol Nerol triggers mitochondrial dysfunction and induces apoptosis via elevation of Ca 2+ and ROS. Antifungal activity.
  • HY-N6906
    Oleuroside

    Others Neurological Disease
    Oleuroside is a phenolic secoiridoid in olive. Oleuroside can protect against mitochondrial dysfunction in models of early Alzheimer's disease and brain ageing.
  • HY-B0362A
    Phentolamine mesylate

    Phentolamine methanesulfonate

    Adrenergic Receptor Cardiovascular Disease Endocrinology
    Phentolamine mesylate (Phentolamine methanesulfonate) is a reversible, non-selective, and orally active blocker of α1 and α2 adrenergic receptor that expands blood vessels to reduce peripheral vascular resistance. Phentolamine mesylate can be used for the research of pheochromocytoma-related hypertension, heart failure and erectile dysfunction.
  • HY-129411
    Sinbaglustat

    ACT-519276; OGT2378

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Sinbaglustat (OGT2378) is a dual inhibitor of glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) and non-lysosomal glucosyl ceramidase (GBA2). Sinbaglustat is an orally available N-alkyl iminosugar that crosses the blood-brain barrier. Sinbaglustat can be used for the research of central neurodegenerative diseases associated with lysosomal dysfunctions.
  • HY-110186
    PQ-69

    Adenosine Receptor Metabolic Disease
    PQ-69 is a potent and selective adenosine A1 receptor antagonist with inverse agonist activity. PQ-69 binds to hA1 receptor with a Ki value of 0.96 nM, is 217-fold more selective compared with hA2A receptors (Ki=208 nM) and >1,000-fold selectivity over hA3 receptor (Ki >100 μM). PQ-69 can be used for the research of renal dysfunction.
  • HY-B1078
    Cefazolin sodium

    Cephazolin sodium

    Bacterial Antibiotic Infection Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Cefazolin sodium is a first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic and can be used in varieties of bacterial infections research. Cefazolin sodium has anti-inflammatory effect and can attenuate post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD).
  • HY-B1892
    Cefazolin

    Cephazolin

    Antibiotic Bacterial Infection Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Cefazolin (Cephazolin) is a first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic and can be used in varieties of bacterial infections research. Cefazolin has anti-inflammatory effect and can attenuate post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD).
  • HY-B0756
    Cefazolin sodium pentahydrate

    Cephazolin sodium pentahydrate

    Antibiotic Bacterial Infection Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Cefazolin sodium pentahydrate is a first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic and can be used in varieties of bacterial infections research. Cefazolin sodium pentahydrate has anti-inflammatory effect and can attenuate post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD).
  • HY-113341
    7β-Hydroxycholesterol

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    7β-Hydroxycholesterol is an oxysterol that derived by the oxidation of cholesterol. 7β-hydroxycholesterol is a powerful inducer of oxidative stress, inducing dysfunction of organelles (mitochondria, lysosomes and peroxisomes) that can cause cell death.
  • HY-P1184
    HNGF6A

    Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    HNGF6A is a humanin analogue. HNGF6A increases glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and glucose metabolism, and has the potential for diabetes research. HNGF6A inhibits of ROS production during oxidative stress. HNGF6A can prevent endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis in vivo.
  • HY-113884B
    (S)-Coriolic acid

    13(S)-HODE

    PPAR Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    (S)-Coriolic acid (13(S)-HODE), the product of 15-lipoxygenase (15-LOX) metabolism of linoleic acid, functions as the endogenous ligand to activate PPARγ. (S)-Coriolic acid is an important intracellular signal agent and is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation in various biological systems. (S)-Coriolic acid induces mitochondrial dysfunction and airway epithelial injury.
  • HY-139727A
    S(-)-Bisoprolol fumarate

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    S(-)-Bisoprolol fumarate is a S(-)-enantiomer of Bisoprolol fumarate. Bisoprolol fumarate is a potent, selective and orally active β1-adrenergic receptor blocker. Bisoprolol has little activity on β2-receptor and has the potential for hypertension, coronary artery disease and stable ventricular dysfunction research.
  • HY-139727
    S(-)-Bisoprolol

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    S(-)-Bisoprolol is a S(-)-enantiomer of Bisoprolol. Bisoprolol is a potent, selective and orally active β1-adrenergic receptor blocker. Bisoprolol has little activity on β2-receptor and has the potential for hypertension, coronary artery disease and stable ventricular dysfunction research.
  • HY-P1184A
    HNGF6A TFA

    Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    HNGF6A TFA is a humanin analogue. HNGF6A TFA increases glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and glucose metabolism, and has the potential for diabetes research. HNGF6A TFA inhibits of ROS production during oxidative stress. HNGF6A TFA can prevent endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis in vivo.
  • HY-118861
    Enclomiphene

    (E)-Clomiphene; trans-Clomiphene; Enclomifene

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Endocrinology Metabolic Disease
    Enclomiphene ((E)-Clomiphene) is a potent and orally active non-steroidal estrogen receptor antagonist, with antioestrogenic property. Enclomiphene can be used for the research of ovarian dysfunction, testosterone deficiency, male hypogonadism and type 2 diabetes.
  • HY-118861B
    Enclomiphene hydrochloride

    (E)-Clomiphene hydrochloride; trans-Clomiphene hydrochloride; Enclomifene hydrochloride

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Endocrinology Metabolic Disease
    Enclomiphene ((E)-Clomiphene) hydrochloride is a potent and orally active non-steroidal estrogen receptor antagonist, with antioestrogenic property. Enclomiphene hydrochloride can be used for the research of ovarian dysfunction, testosterone deficiency, male hypogonadism and type 2 diabetes.
  • HY-118861A
    Enclomiphene citrate

    (E)-Clomiphene citrate; trans-Clomiphene citrate; Enclomifene citrate

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Endocrinology Metabolic Disease
    Enclomiphene ((E)-Clomiphene) citrate is a potent and orally active non-steroidal estrogen receptor antagonist, with antioestrogenic property. Enclomiphene citrate can be used for the research of ovarian dysfunction, testosterone deficiency, male hypogonadism and type 2 diabetes.
  • HY-106916
    Unoprostone

    Potassium Channel Neurological Disease
    Unoprostone, a prostaglandin F2α analogs (PGAs), activates BK channels to reduce oxidative stress- and light-induced retinal cell death, and phagocytotic dysfunction. Unoprostone reduces intraocular pressure and is used topically for glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
  • HY-106961
    ONO 1301

    ONO-AP 500-02

    Prostaglandin Receptor Cardiovascular Disease
    ONO 1301 (ONO-AP 500-02), a prostaglandin (PG) I2 mimetic, is an orally active, long-acting prostacyclin agonist with thromboxane-synthase inhibitory activity. ONO 1301 promotes production of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) from various cell types and ameliorates ischemia-induced left ventricle dysfunction in the mouse, rat and pig.
  • HY-N7363
    Isolongifolene

    (-)-Isolongifolene

    Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Isolongifolene ((-)-Isolongifolene) is a tricyclic sesquiterpene isolated from Murraya koenigii. Isolongifolene attenuates Rotenone-induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis through the regulation of PI3K/AKT/GSK-3β signaling pathways. Isolongifolene has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer and neuroprotective properties.
  • HY-145243
    PDPOB

    Apoptosis Others
    PDPOB is a phenyl carboxylic acid derivative. PDPOB displays protective roles against OGD/R-evoked multiaspect neuronal deterioration in SH-SY5Y cells, as evidenced by alleviated mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. PDPOB has the potential for the research of cerebral ischemia.
  • HY-B0432
    Propafenone

    SA-79

    Sodium Channel Adrenergic Receptor Potassium Channel Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Propafenone (SA-79), a sodium-channel blocker, acts an antiarrhythmic agent. Propafenone also has high affinity for the β receptor (IC50=32 nM). Propafenone blocks the transient outward current (Ito) and the sustained delayed rectifier K current (Isus) with IC50 values of 4.9 μm and 8.6 μm, respectively. Propafenone suppresses esophageal cancer proliferation through inducing mitochondrial dysfunction and induce apoptosis.
  • HY-130344
    SKF83959

    Dopamine Receptor Sigma Receptor Neurological Disease
    SKF83959 is a potent and selective dopamine D1-like receptor partial agonist. SKF83959 Ki values for rat D1, D5, D2 and D3 receptors are 1.18, 7.56, 920 and 399 nM, respectively. SKF83959 is a potent allosteric modulator of sigma (σ)-1 receptor. SKF83959 belongs to benzazepine family and has improvements on cognitive dysfunction. SKF83959 can be used for the research of Alzheimer's disease and depression.
  • HY-145000
    N-Desalkyludenafil

    Drug Metabolite Endocrinology
    N-Desalkyludenafil is a metabolite of Udenafil. Udenafil is a PDE5 inhibitor used for the research of the erectile dysfunction.
  • HY-B0442C
    Vardenafil dihydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Endocrinology Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Vardenafil dihydrochloride is a selective and orally active inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5), with an IC50 of 0.7 nM. Vardenafil dihydrochloride shows inhibitory towards PDE1, PDE6 with IC50s of 180 nM, and 11 nM respectively, while IC50s are >1000 nM for PDE3 and PDE4. Vardenafil dihydrochloride competitively inhibits cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) hydrolysis and thus increases cGMP levels. Vardenafil dihydrochloride can be used for the research of erectile dysfunction, hepatitis, diabetes -.
  • HY-107428
    PD-166793

    MMP Cardiovascular Disease
    PD-166793 is a potent, selective, orally active and wide‐broad spectrum inhibitor of MMP, exhibiting nanomolar potency against MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-13 (IC50=4, 7, and 8 nM, respectively) and micromolar potency vs MMP-1, -7 and -9 (IC50=6.0, 7.2, and 7.9 μM, respectively). PD-166793 can attenuate left ventricular remodeling and dysfunction in a rat model of progressive heart failure.
  • HY-103412
    SKF 83959 hydrobromide

    Dopamine Receptor Sigma Receptor Neurological Disease
    SKF83959 hydrobromide is a potent and selective dopamine D1-like receptor partial agonist. SKF83959 hydrobromide Ki values for rat D1, D5, D2 and D3 receptors are 1.18, 7.56, 920 and 399 nM, respectively. SKF83959 hydrobromide is a potent allosteric modulator of sigma (σ)-1 receptor. SKF83959 hydrobromide belongs to benzazepine family and has improvements on cognitive dysfunction. SKF83959 hydrobromide can be used for the research of Alzheimer's disease and depression.
  • HY-B0442
    Vardenafil

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Endogenous Metabolite Endocrinology Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Vardenafil is a selective and orally active inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5), with an IC50 of 0.7 nM. Vardenafil shows inhibitory towards PDE1, PDE6 with IC50s of 180 nM, and 11 nM, while IC50s are >1000 nM for PDE3 and PDE4. Vardenafil competitively inhibits cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) hydrolysis and thus increases cGMP levels. Vardenafil can be used for the research of erectile dysfunction, hepatitis, diabetes[1]-[6].
  • HY-B0442A
    Vardenafil hydrochloride

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Endogenous Metabolite Endocrinology Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Vardenafil hydrochloride is a selective and orally active inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5), with an IC50 of 0.7 nM. Vardenafil hydrochloride shows inhibitory towards PDE1 (180 nM), PDE6 (11 nM), PDE2, PDE3, and PDE4 (>1000 nM). Vardenafil hydrochloride competitively inhibits cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) hydrolysis and thus increases cGMP levels. Vardenafil hydrochloride can be used for the research like erectile dysfunction, hepatitis, diabetes[1]-[6].
  • HY-18252
    Avanafil

    TA1790

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) NO Synthase Endogenous Metabolite Endocrinology Cardiovascular Disease
    Avanafil (TA-1790) is a potent and selective phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor with IC50 values of 5.2 nM, 630 nM, 5700 nM, 6200 nM, 12000 nM, 27000 nM, 51000 nM and 53000 nM for PDE-5, PDE-6, PDE-4, PDE-10, PDE-8, PDE-7, PDE-2 and PDE-1, respectively. Avanafil activates NO/cGMP/PKG signaling-pathway to decrease loss in BMD, bone atrophy, and oxidative stress. Avanafil inhibits cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) hydrolysis and thus increases cGMP levels. Avanafil can be used for the research of erectile dysfunction and osteoporosis.
  • HY-16361A
    Omigapil maleate

    CGP3466B maleate

    Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Omigapil maleate, an orally bioavailable GAPDH nitrosylation inhibitor, abrogates Aβ1-42-induced tau acetylation, memory impairment, and locomotor dysfunction in mice. Omigapil maleate has the potential for the research of Alzheimer's disease. Omigapil maleate (CGP3446B maleate) is a apoptosis inhibitor. Omigapil maleate can be used for the research of congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD).
  • HY-109549
    Desirudin

    CGP 39393; Revasc

    Thrombin Cardiovascular Disease
    Desirudin (CGP 39393) is a thrombin inhibitor. Desirudin can inhibit the formation of blood clots and venous stasis thrombosis, which is used for the research of thrombocytopenia or platelet dysfunction.
  • HY-117109
    Amino Tadalafil

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Metabolic Disease
    Amino Tadalafil is an analog of Tadalafil. Tadalafil is a potent inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) with applications in several conditions, including erectile dysfunction, pulmonary arterial hypertension, and lower urinary tract dysfunction.
  • HY-18678A
    Bremelanotide Acetate

    PT-141 Acetate

    Melanocortin Receptor Endocrinology
    Bremelanotide Acetate (PT-141 Acetate), a synthetic peptide analogue of α-MSH, is an agonist at melanocortin receptors including the MC3R and MC4R for the treatment of sexual dysfunction.
  • HY-125129
    Carlinoside

    Others Others
    Carlinoside is a flavone glycoside with hepatoprotective efficiency. Carlinoside reduces hepatic bilirubin accumulation by stimulating bilirubin-UGT activity through Nrf2 gene expression. Carlinoside has the potential to intervene hyperbilirubinemia due to liver dysfunction.
  • HY-100807
    Quinolinic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite iGluR Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Quinolinic acid is an endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist synthesized from L-tryptophan via the kynurenine pathway and thereby has the potential of mediating N-methyl-D-aspartate neuronal damage and dysfunction.
  • HY-14930AS
    Mirodenafil-d7 dihydrochloride

    SK-3530-d7 dihydrochloride

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Others
    Mirodenafil-d7 (SK-3530-d7) dihydrochloride is the deuterium labeled Mirodenafil dihydrochloride. Mirodenafil dihydrochloride (SK3530 dihydrochloride) is a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitor developed for the treatment of erectile dysfunction.
  • HY-N0035
    Arctigenin

    (-)-Arctigenin

    MMP Influenza Virus Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Arctigenin ((-)-Arctigenin), a biologically active lignan, can be used as an antitumor agent. Arctigenin exhibits potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiviral (influenza A virus) activities. Arctigenin can be used for the research of metabolic disorders, and central nervous system dysfunctions.
  • HY-100807S
    Quinolinic acid-d3

    Endogenous Metabolite iGluR Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Quinolinic acid-d3 is the deuterium labeled Quinolinic acid. Quinolinic acid is an endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist synthesized from L-tryptophan via the kynurenine pathway and thereby has the potential of mediating N-methyl-D-aspartate neuronal damage and dysfunction.
  • HY-123210
    Lodenafil

    Hydroxyhomosildenafil

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Endocrinology
    Lodenafil is a potent phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED).
  • HY-14930A
    Mirodenafil dihydrochloride

    SK-3530 dihydrochloride

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Others
    Mirodenafil dihydrochloride (SK3530 dihydrochloride) is a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitor developed for the treatment of erectile dysfunction.
  • HY-12150
    CCMI

    AVL-3288; UCI-4083

    nAChR Neurological Disease
    CCMI (AVL-3288) is a potent and selective α7 nAChR-positive allosteric modulator, does not bind to or activate α7 nAChRs via the orthosteric site, and causes significant positive modulation of agonist-induced currents at α7 nAChRs. CCMI has potential in CNS diseases with cognitive dysfunction.
  • HY-113216
    Asymmetric dimethylarginine

    Endogenous Metabolite NO Synthase Cardiovascular Disease
    Asymmetric dimethylarginine is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and functions as a marker of endothelial dysfunction in a number of pathological states.
  • HY-14930
    Mirodenafil

    SK3530

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Endocrinology
    Mirodenafil(SK3530) is a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitor developed for the treatment of erectile dysfunction.
  • HY-146077
    5-HT6/5-HT2A receptor ligand-2

    5-HT Receptor Neurological Disease
    5-HT6/5-HT2A receptor ligand-2 (compound 42) is a brain-penetrant dual 5-HT6/5-HT2A receptor antagonist, with a Ki of 25 nM and 32 nM, respectively. 5-HT6/5-HT2A receptor ligand-2 shows pro-cognitive properties.
  • HY-U00076
    MK-0249

    Histamine Receptor Neurological Disease Endocrinology
    MK-0249 (Compound 1) is a potent, selective and orally active histamine H3 receptor antagonist, with an IC50 of 1.7 nM for human H3.
  • HY-144797
    Tubulin inhibitor 22

    Microtubule/Tubulin Cancer
    Tubulin inhibitor 22 (compound 4c) is a potent inhibitor of tubulin with anti-angiogenesis and anti-cancer properties. Tubulin inhibitor 22 arrests MGC-803 cell cycle at G2/M phase. Tubulin inhibitor 22 dose-dependently causes Caspase-induced apoptosis of MGC-803 cells through mitochondrial dysfunction.
  • HY-A0152A
    D-Thyroxine sodium

    D-T4 sodium

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    D-thyroxine (sodium) (D-T4 (sodium)) is a laevorotatory isomer of thyroxine, and can used for the research of the dysfunctions of thyroid.
  • HY-12717AS
    Phentolamine-d4 hydrochloride

    Adrenergic Receptor Cardiovascular Disease Endocrinology
    Phentolamine-d4 (Phentolamine-d4) hydrochloride is the deuterium labeled Phentolamine hydrochloride. Phentolamine hydrochloride is a reversible, non-selective, and orally active blocker of α1 and α2 adrenergic receptor that expands blood vessels to reduce peripheral vascular resistance. Phentolamine hydrochloride can be used for the research of pheochromocytoma-related hypertension, heart failure and erectile dysfunction.
  • HY-123966
    MY33-3

    Phosphatase
    MY33-3 is a potent and selective inhibitor of receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase (RPTP)β/ζ, with an IC50 of ~0.1 μM. MY33-3 also inhibits PTP-1B (IC50 ~0.7 μM). MY33-3 can reduce ethanol consumption and alleviate Sevoflurane-induced neuroinflammation and cognitive dysfunction.
  • HY-123966A
    MY33-3 hydrochloride

    Phosphatase Neurological Disease
    MY33-3 hydrochloride is a potent and selective inhibitor of receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase (RPTP)β/ζ, with an IC50 of ~0.1 μM. MY33-3 hydrochloride also inhibits PTP-1B (IC50 ~0.7 μM). MY33-3 hydrochloride can reduce ethanol consumption and alleviate Sevoflurane-induced neuroinflammation and cognitive dysfunction.
  • HY-B0402A
    Amantadine hydrochloride

    1-Adamantanamine hydrochloride; 1-Adamantylamine hydrochloride; 1-Aminoadamantane hydrochloride

    Influenza Virus Orthopoxvirus SARS-CoV Apoptosis Bcl-2 Family CDK Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    Amantadine (1-Adamantanamine) hydrochloride is an orally avtive and potent antiviral agent with activity against influenza A viruses. Amantadine hydrochloride inhibits several ion channels such as NMDA and M2, and also inhibits Coronavirus ion channels. Amantadine hydrochloride also has anti-orthopoxvirus and anticancer activity. Amantadine hydrochloride can be used for Parkinson's disease, postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and COVID-19 research.
  • HY-B0402
    Amantadine

    1-Adamantanamine; 1-Aminoadamantane

    Influenza Virus Orthopoxvirus SARS-CoV Apoptosis CDK Bcl-2 Family Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    Amantadine (1-Adamantanamine) is an orally avtive and potent antiviral agent with activity against influenza A viruses. Amantadine inhibits several ion channels such as NMDA and M2, and also inhibits Coronavirus ion channels. Amantadine also has anti-orthopoxvirus and anticancer activity. Amantadine can be used for Parkinson's disease, postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and COVID-19 research.
  • HY-B0402B
    Amantadine sulfate

    1-Adamantanamine sulfate; 1-Aminoadamantane sulfate

    Influenza Virus Orthopoxvirus SARS-CoV Apoptosis CDK Bcl-2 Family Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    Amantadine (1-Adamantanamine) sulfate is an orally avtive and potent antiviral agent with activity against influenza A viruses. Amantadine sulfate inhibits several ion channels such as NMDA and M2, and also inhibits Coronavirus ion channels. Amantadine sulfate also has anti-orthopoxvirus and anticancer activity. Amantadine sulfate can be used for Parkinson's disease, postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and COVID-19 research.
  • HY-129531
    MuRF1-IN-1

    Others Neurological Disease
    MuRF1-IN-1 is a muscle ring finger 1 (MuRF1) inhibitor that attenuates skeletal muscle atrophy and dysfunction in cardiac cachexia.
  • HY-118930
    MK-0493

    Melanocortin Receptor Endocrinology Metabolic Disease
    MK-0493 is a potent, orally active and selective agonist of the melanocortin receptor 4 (MC4R), demonstrating significant reductions in energy intake.
  • HY-103108
    CJ033466

    5-HT Receptor Metabolic Disease
    CJ033466 is a novel and selective 5-HT4 receptor partial agonist with an EC50 of 9 nM and has gastroprokinetic effect.
  • HY-B0442S
    Vardenafil-d5

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Endogenous Metabolite Endocrinology
    Vardenafil-d5 is deuterium labeled Vardenafil. Vardenafil is a selective, orally active, potent inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5), with an IC50 of 0.7 nM. Vardenafil shows selectivity over PDE1 (180 nM), PDE6 (11 nM), PDE2, PDE3, and PDE4 (>1000 nM). Vardenafil competitively inhibits cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) hydrolysis and thus increases cGMP levels. Vardenafil can be used for the research of erectile dysfunction.
  • HY-108045
    Lodenafil carbonate

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Endocrinology
    Lodenafil carbonate, a dimer that acts as a prodrug delivering Lodenafil in vivo, is an orally active phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED).
  • HY-120782
    Yhhu-3792

    Notch Neurological Disease
    Yhhu-3792 enhances the self-renewal capability of neural stem cells (NSCs). Yhhu-3792 activates Notch signaling pathway and promotes the expression of Hes3 and Hes5. Yhhu-3792 expands the NSCs pool and promotes endogenous neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) in mouse. Yhhu-3792 increases the spatial and episodic memory abilities of mice. Yhhu-3792 has the potential for the research of impairment of learning and memory associated DG dysfunction.
  • HY-90009
    Nortadalafil

    Demethyl Tadalafil

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Cardiovascular Disease
    Nortadalafil is demethyl Tadalafil, which is a PDE5 inhibitor, currently marketed in pill form for treating erectile dysfunction (ED) under the name Cialis; and under the name Adcirca for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension.
  • HY-U00396
    MC-4R Agonist 1

    Melanocortin Receptor Metabolic Disease Endocrinology
    MC-4R Agonist 1 is an agonist of human melanocortin-4 receptor (MC-4R), used in the research of obesity, diabetes, and sexual dysfunction.
  • HY-12022
    3-Aminobenzamide

    PARP-IN-1

    PARP Cancer
    3-Aminobenzamide (PARP-IN-1) is a potent inhibitor of PARP with IC50 of appr 50 nM in CHO cells, and acts as a mediator of oxidant-induced myocyte dysfunction during reperfusion.
  • HY-18253
    Udenafil

    DA8159

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Endocrinology Others
    Udenafil (DA8159) is a potent, selective and orally active phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor. Udenafil also inhibits cGMP hydrolysis and can be used for erectile dysfunction research.
  • HY-124283A
    LEI-101

    Cannabinoid Receptor Neurological Disease
    LEI-101 is a potent, selective, and orally bioavailable cannabinoid CB2 receptor agonist, with a pEC50 of 8 for hCB2, and a pKi of less than 4 for hERG. LEI-101 is ~100-fold more potent in binding to CB2 receptors than to CB1 receptors.
  • HY-101037
    Sarcosine

    N-Methylglycine; Sarcosin

    Endogenous Metabolite GlyT Cancer
    Sarcosine (N-Methylglycine), an endogenous amino acid, is a competitive glycine transporter type I (GlyT1) inhibitor and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor co-agonist. Sarcosine increases the glycine concentration, resulting in an indirect potentiation of the NMDA receptor. Sarcosine is commonly used for the research of schizophrenia.
  • HY-145841
    5-HT2A receptor agonist-2

    5-HT Receptor Cardiovascular Disease
    5-HT2A receptor agonist-2 is a highly potent serotonin 5-HT2 receptor agonists. 5-HT2A receptor agonist-2 inspires 5-HT2A, 5-HT2B, and 5-HT2C with EC50 values of 1.7, 0.58, and 0.50 nM, respectively.
  • HY-10965
    Rolofylline

    KW-3902

    Adenosine Receptor Neurological Disease
    Rolofylline (KW-3902) is a potent, selective adenosine A1 receptor antagonist that is under development for the treatment of patients with acute congestive heart failure and renal impairment. Rolofylline is metabolized primarily to the pharmacologically active M1-trans and M1-cis metabolites by cytochrome P450 (CYP450). Rolofylline is alleviating the presynaptic dysfunction and restores neuronal activity as well as dendritic spine levels in vitro, is an interesting candidate to combat the hypometabolism and neuronal dysfunction associated with Tau-induced neurodegenerative diseases.
  • HY-12124
    BBS-4

    NO Synthase Cardiovascular Disease
    BBS-4 is a potent and selective inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) dimerization inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.49 nM. BBS-4 can protect mice from the cardiovascular dysfunction of sepsis.
  • HY-N0455B
    L-Arginine (L-glutamate)

    (S)-(+)-Arginine (L-glutamate)

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Arginine L-glutamate ((S)-(+)-Arginine L-glutamate) is the nitrogen donor for synthesis of nitric oxide. L-Arginine L-glutamate can be used for upper gastrointestinal hypofunction or dysfunction like functional dyspepsia research.
  • HY-129692
    Withanone

    iGluR Neurological Disease
    Withanone is an active constituent from Withania somnifera roots with multifunctional neuroprotective effect in alleviating cognitive dysfunction. Withanone affords protection against N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced excitotoxicity in Neuron-like cells.
  • HY-129997
    Luteolinidin chloride

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Luteolinidin is a natural deoxyanthocyanidin, isolated from mosses and ferns. Luteolinidin is a potent CD38 inhibitor which can protect the heart against I/R injury with preservation of eNOS function and prevention of endothelial dysfunction in vivo.
  • HY-P2310
    Defensin HNP-1 human

    Bacterial Parasite Infection Cardiovascular Disease
    Defensin HNP-1 human is a Human neutrophil peptides (HNPs), involved in endothelial cell dysfunction at the time of early atherosclerotic development. Defensin HNP-1 human exhibits broad antimicrobial and anti-leishmanial activities.
  • HY-41076
    Ca2+ channel agonist 1

    Calcium Channel CDK Neurological Disease
    Ca 2+ channel agonist 1 is an agonist of N-type Ca 2+ channel and an inhibitor of Cdk2, with EC50s of 14.23 μM and 3.34 μM, respectively, and is used as a potential treatment for motor nerve terminal dysfunction.
  • HY-N6884
    Bixin

    Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Bixin (BX), isolated from the seeds of Bixa orellana, is a carotenoid, possessing anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and anti-oxidant activities. Bixin treatment ameliorated cardiac dysfunction through inhibiting fibrosis, inflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation.
  • HY-112885A
    nor-NOHA acetate

    Nω-Hydroxy-nor-L-arginine acetate

    Arginase Apoptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    nor-NOHA acetate (Nω-Hydroxy-nor-L-arginine acetate) is a specific and reversible arginase inhibitor, induces apoptosis in ARG2-expressing cells under hypoxia but not normoxia. Anti-leukemic activity, effective in endothelial dysfunction, immunosuppression and metabolism.
  • HY-12406
    VLX600

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Autophagy Cancer
    VLX600 is an iron-chelating inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). VLX600 causes mitochondrial dysfunction and induces a strong shift to glycolysis. VLX600 displays selective cytotoxic activity against malignant cell and induces autophagy. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-P2310A
    Defensin HNP-1 human TFA

    Bacterial Parasite Infection Cardiovascular Disease
    Defensin HNP-1 human TFA is a Human neutrophil peptides (HNPs), involved in endothelial cell dysfunction at the time of early atherosclerotic development. Defensin HNP-1 human TFA exhibits broad antimicrobial and anti-leishmanial activities.
  • HY-18253S
    Udenafil-d7

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Endocrinology Others
    Udenafil-d7 is the deuterium labeled Udenafil. Udenafil (DA8159) is a potent, selective and orally active phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor. Udenafil also inhibits cGMP hydrolysis and can be used for erectile dysfunction research.
  • HY-101200
    Linsidomine hydrochloride

    SIN-1 chloride

    Drug Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    SIN-1 (chloride) is the active metabolite of molsidomine. SIN-1 (chloride) exhibits potent vasorelaxant effect and inhibition of platelet aggregation. SIN-1 (chloride) decreases myocardial necrosis and reperfusion-induced endothelial dysfunction in models of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion.
  • HY-129029
    Bisoprolol

    Adrenergic Receptor Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Bisoprolol is a potent, selective and orally active β1-adrenergic receptor blocker with little activity on β2-receptor. Bisoprolol has the potential for hypertension, coronary artery disease and stable ventricular dysfunction research.
  • HY-N0496
    Ruscogenin

    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Cardiovascular Disease
    Ruscogenin, an important steroid sapogenin derived from Ophiopogon japonicus, attenuates cerebral ischemia-induced blood-brain barrier dysfunction by suppressing TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation and the MAPK pathway and exerts significant anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic activities.
  • HY-121467
    Acotiamide

    Z-338 free base; YM443 free base

    Cholinesterase (ChE) Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Acotiamide is an orally active, selective and reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, with IC50 of 1.79 μM. Acotiamide can enhance gastric contractility and accelerate delayed gastric emptying. Acotiamide has the potential for the research of functional dyspepsia involving gastric motility dysfunction and intestinal inflammatory.
  • HY-B0076
    Bisoprolol hemifumarate

    Adrenergic Receptor Cancer Endocrinology Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Bisoprolol hemifumarate is a potent, selective and orally active β1-adrenergic receptor blocker with little activity on β2-receptor. Bisoprolol hemifumarate has the potential for hypertension, coronary artery disease and stable ventricular dysfunction research.
  • HY-121467A
    Acotiamide hydrochloride

    Z-338; YM443

    Cholinesterase (ChE) Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Others
    Acotiamide hydrochloride is an orally active, selective and reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, with IC50 of 1.79 μM. Acotiamide hydrochloride can enhance gastric contractility and accelerate delayed gastric emptying. Acotiamide hydrochloride has the potential for the research of functional dyspepsia involving gastric motility dysfunction and intestinal inflammatory.
  • HY-13818
    Stattic

    STAT Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Stattic is a potent STAT3 inhibitor and inhibits STAT3 phosphorylation (at Y705 and S727). Stattic inhibits the binding of a high affinity phosphopeptide for the SH2 domain of STAT3. Stattic ameliorates the renal dysfunction in Alport syndrome (AS) mice.
  • HY-90009S
    Tadalafil-d3

    IC-351-d3

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Cardiovascular Disease
    Tadalafil-d3 (IC-351-d3) is the deuterium labeled Nortadalafil. Nortadalafil is demethyl Tadalafil, which is a PDE5 inhibitor, currently marketed in pill form for treating erectile dysfunction (ED) under the name Cialis; and under the name Adcirca for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension.
  • HY-124676A
    DB2115 tertahydrochloride

    Apoptosis Cancer
    DB2115 (tertahydrochloride) is a potent inhibitor of myeloid master regulator PU.1. DB2115 (tertahydrochloride) has the potential for researching cancers, including hematologic cancers such as leukemia, as well as other conditions associated with PU. 1 dysfunction (extracted from patent WO2017223260A1, compound DB2115) .
  • HY-124771
    RH01386

    Apoptosis Metabolic Disease
    RH01386 is a small molecule that can prevent endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-induced β cell dysfunction and death, and inhibits proapoptotic gene expression. RH01386 restores ERS-impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion responses. RH01386 has the potential for type 2 diabetes treatment.
  • HY-128976
    10β,17β-dihydroxyestra-1,4-dien-3-one

    DHED

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Metabolic Disease
    10β,17β-dihydroxyestra-1,4-dien-3-one (DHED) is a brain-targeting bioprecursor prodrug of the main human estrogen, 17β-estradiol, alleviates hot flushes in rat models of thermoregulatory dysfunction of the brain.
  • HY-103090
    NPS ALX Compound 4a

    5-HT Receptor Neurological Disease
    NPS ALX Compound 4a is a potent and selective 5-hydroxytryptamine6 (5-HT6) receptor antagonist, with an IC50 of 7.2 nM and a Ki of 0.2 nM.
  • HY-101255
    ODQ

    Guanylate Cyclase Apoptosis Cancer
    ODQ is a potent and selective soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC, nitric oxide-activated enzyme) inhibitor. ODQ enhances the pro-apoptotic effects of Cisplatin in human mesothelioma cells.
  • HY-113926
    BAY 60-2770

    Guanylate Cyclase Cardiovascular Disease
    BAY 60-2770 is a potent, selective, and orally active soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) activator. BAY 60-2770 increases the activity of sGC in a nitric oxide-independent manner. BAY 60-2770 shows antifibrotic effect.
  • HY-Y1269
    Ammonium chloride

    Autophagy Cancer
    Ammonium chloride, as a heteropolar compound with pH value regulation, can cause intracellular alkalization and metabolic acidosis thus effecting enzymatic activity and influencing the process of biological system. Ammonium chloride is an autophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-103090A
    NPS ALX Compound 4a dihydrochloride

    5-HT Receptor Neurological Disease
    NPS ALX Compound 4a dihydrochloride is a potent and selective 5-hydroxytryptamine6 (5-HT6) receptor antagonist, with an IC50 of 7.2 nM and a Ki of 0.2 nM.
  • HY-B0356B
    Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride monohydrate

    Bay-09867 hydrochloride monohydrate

    Bacterial Antibiotic Infection Cancer
    Ciprofloxacin (Bay-09867) hydrochloride monohydrate is a potent, orally active topoisomerase IV inhibitor. Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride monohydrate induces mitochondrial DNA and nuclear DNA damage and lead to mitochondrial dysfunction, ROS production. Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride monohydrate has anti-proliferative activity and induces apoptosis. Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride monohydrate is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, exhibiting potent antibacterial activity.
  • HY-N2292
    Kinsenoside

    Keap1-Nrf2 Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Kinsenoside is a main active component isolated from plants of the genus Anoectochilus, and exhibits many biological activities and pharmacological effects. Kinsenoside rescues the nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) viability under oxidative stress and protects against apoptosis, senescence and mitochondrial dysfunction in a Nrf2-dependent way.
  • HY-B0356
    Ciprofloxacin

    Bay-09867

    Topoisomerase Apoptosis Antibiotic Bacterial Mitochondrial Metabolism Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer Infection
    Ciprofloxacin (Bay-09867) is a potent, orally active topoisomerase IV inhibitor. Ciprofloxacin induces mitochondrial DNA and nuclear DNA damage and lead to mitochondrial dysfunction, ROS production. Ciprofloxacin has anti-proliferative activity and induces apoptosis. Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, exhibiting potent antibacterial activity.
  • HY-B2155
    Acotiamide monohydrochloride trihydrate

    Cholinesterase (ChE) Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Acotiamide monohydrochloride trihydrate is an orally active, selective and reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, with IC50 of 1.79 μM. Acotiamide monohydrochloride trihydrate can enhance gastric contractility and accelerate delayed gastric emptying. Acotiamide monohydrochloride trihydrate has the potential for the research of functional dyspepsia involving gastric motility dysfunction and intestinal inflammatory .
  • HY-129029S
    Bisoprolol-d5

    Adrenergic Receptor Cardiovascular Disease
    Bisoprolol-d5 is the deuterium labeled Bisoprolol. Bisoprolol is a potent, selective and orally active β1-adrenergic receptor blocker. Bisoprolol has little activity on β2-receptor and has the potential for hypertension, coronary artery disease and stable ventricular dysfunction research.
  • HY-P2264
    KYL peptide

    Ephrin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    KYL peptide, an antagonistic peptide, selectively targets EphA4 receptor. KYL peptide binds to the ligand-binding domain of EphA4, effectively alleviates Aβ-induced synaptic dysfunction and synaptic plasticity defects in AD mice. KYL peptide can promote nerve regeneration after injury and modulating immune responses.
  • HY-139973
    OAB-14

    Others Neurological Disease
    OAB-14, is a Bexarotene (HY-14171) derivative, improves Alzheimer's disease-related pathologies and cognitive impairments by increasing β-amyloid clearance in APP/PS1 mice. OAB-14 effectively ameliorates the dysfunction of the endosomal-autophagic-lysosomal pathway in APP/PS1 transgenic mice.
  • HY-144425
    BSc5367

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    BSc5367 is a potent Nek1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 11.5 nM. NIMA-related protein kinase Nek1 is crucially involved in cell cycle regulation, DNA repair and microtubule regulation and dysfunctions of Nek1 play key roles in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and several types of radiotherapy resistant cancer.
  • HY-W040298
    Ciprofloxacin lactate

    Bay-09867 lactate

    Topoisomerase Apoptosis Antibiotic Bacterial Mitochondrial Metabolism Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer Infection
    Ciprofloxacin (Bay-09867) lactate is a potent, orally active topoisomerase IV inhibitor. Ciprofloxacin lactate induces mitochondrial DNA and nuclear DNA damage and lead to mitochondrial dysfunction, ROS production. Ciprofloxacin lactate has anti-proliferative activity and induces apoptosis. Ciprofloxacin lactate is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, exhibiting potent antibacterial activity.
  • HY-135046
    MTOB sodium

    Others Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    MTOB sodium is a potent C-terminal binding protein (CtBP) inhibitor. MTOB sodium attenuates repetitive head injury-elicited neurologic dysfunction and neuroinflammation via inhibition of the transactivation activity of CtBP1 and CtBP2. MTOB sodium antagonizes the transcriptional regulatory activity of CtBP1 and CtBP2 by eviction from their target promoters in breast cancer cell lines.
  • HY-B0356A
    Ciprofloxacin monohydrochloride

    Bay-09867 monohydrochloride

    Topoisomerase Apoptosis Mitochondrial Metabolism Reactive Oxygen Species Antibiotic Bacterial Infection Cancer
    Ciprofloxacin (Bay-09867) monohydrochloride is a potent, orally active topoisomerase IV inhibitor. Ciprofloxacin monohydrochloride induces mitochondrial DNA and nuclear DNA damage and lead to mitochondrial dysfunction, ROS production. Ciprofloxacin monohydrochloride has anti-proliferative activity and induces apoptosis. Ciprofloxacin monohydrochloride is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, exhibiting potent antibacterial activity.
  • HY-18060
    Bradanicline

    TC-5619

    nAChR Neurological Disease
    Bradanicline is a highly selective α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist (humanα7 nAChR: EC50=17 nM; Ki= 1.4 nM). Bradanicline is used for the research of cognitive disorders.
  • HY-129605
    Ferulenol

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Infection
    Ferulenol, a sesquiterpene prenylated coumarin derivative, specifically inhibits succinate ubiquinone reductase at the level of the ubiquinonecycle. Ferulenol shows good antimycobacterial activity and haemorrhagic action.
  • HY-129440
    N-(p-Coumaroyl) Serotonin

    PDGFR Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    N-(p-Coumaroyl) Serotonin is a polyphenol isolated from the seeds of safflower and has antioxidative, anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory properties. N-(p-Coumaroyl) Serotonin inhibits PDGF-induced on phosphorylation of PDGF receptor and Ca 2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum. N-(p-Coumaroyl) Serotonin ameliorates atherosclerosis and distensibility of the aortic wall in vivo and is usually used for the atherosclerosis research.
  • HY-N10443
    Mammea A/BA

    Parasite Apoptosis Autophagy Reactive Oxygen Species Infection
    Mammea A/BA has potent activity against Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi). Mammea A/BA induces mitochondrial dysfunction, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and DNA fragmentation, and increases number of acidic vacuoles. Mammea A/BA can induce apoptosis, autophagy and necrosis. Mammea A/BA can be used for researching chagas disease.
  • HY-N0148
    Rutin

    Rutoside; Quercetin 3-O-rutinoside

    Amyloid-β Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Rutin (Rutoside) is a flavonoid found in many plants and shows a wide range of biological activities including anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antioxidant, neuroprotective, nephroprotective, hepatoprotective and reducing Aβ oligomer activities. Rutin can cross the blood brain barrier. Rutin attenuates vancomycin-induced renal tubular cell apoptosis via suppression of apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and oxidative stress.
  • HY-N0148A
    Rutin hydrate

    Rutoside hydrate; Quercetin 3-O-rutinoside hydrate

    Amyloid-β Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Neurological Disease
    Rutin (Rutoside) hydrate is a flavonoid found in many plants and shows a wide range of biological activities including anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antioxidant, neuroprotective, nephroprotective, hepatoprotective and reducing Aβ oligomer activities. Rutin hydrate can cross the blood brain barrier. Rutin hydrate attenuates vancomycin-induced renal tubular cell apoptosis via suppression of apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and oxidative stress.
  • HY-17369B
    Tirofiban

    L700462; MK383

    Integrin Cardiovascular Disease
    Tirofiban (L700462) is a selective and reversible platelet integrin receptor (Gp IIb/IIIa) antagonist that inhibits fibrinogen binding to this receptor and has antithrombotic activity. Tirofiban induces proliferation and migration on endothelial cell by inducing production of VEGF. Tirofiban can significantly reduces myocardial no-reflow and ischemia-reperfusion injury by alleviating myocardial microvascular structural and endothelial dysfunction in the ischemic area.
  • HY-150702
    MAGLi 432

    MAGL Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    MAGLi 432 is a non-covalent, potent, highly selective, and reversible MAGL inhibitor. MAGLi 432 binds with high affinity to the MAGL active site, with IC50 values of 4.2 nM (human enzyme) and 3.1 nM (mouse enzyme). MAGLi 432 can be used in the research of chronic inflammation, blood–brain barrier dysfunction, neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.
  • HY-17369A
    Tirofiban hydrochloride

    L700462 hydrochloride; MK383 hydrochloride

    Integrin Cardiovascular Disease
    Tirofiban (L700462) hydrochloride is a selective and reversible platelet integrin receptor (Gp IIb/IIIa) antagonist that inhibits fibrinogen binding to this receptor and has antithrombotic activity. Tirofiban hydrochloride induces proliferation and migration on endothelial cell by inducing production of VEGF. Tirofiban hydrochloride can significantly reduces myocardial no-reflow and ischemia-reperfusion injury by alleviating myocardial microvascular structural and endothelial dysfunction in the ischemic area.
  • HY-17369
    Tirofiban hydrochloride monohydrate

    L700462 hydrochloride monohydrate; MK383 hydrochloride monohydrate

    Integrin Cardiovascular Disease
    Tirofiban (L700462) hydrochloride monohydrate is a selective and reversible platelet integrin receptor (Gp IIb/IIIa) antagonist that inhibits fibrinogen binding to this receptor and has antithrombotic activity. Tirofiban hydrochloride monohydrate induces proliferation and migration on endothelial cell by inducing production of VEGF. Tirofiban hydrochloride monohydrate can significantly reduces myocardial no-reflow and ischemia-reperfusion injury by alleviating myocardial microvascular structural and endothelial dysfunction in the ischemic area.
  • HY-N3383
    Ligustroside

    Ligstroside

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Neurological Disease
    Ligustroside (Ligstroside), a secoiridoid derivative, has outstanding performance on mitochondrial bioenergetics in models of early Alzheimer's disease (AD) and brain ageing by mechanisms that may not interfere with Aβ production. Ligustroside significantly inhibits nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW264.7 macrophages.
  • HY-19978
    RO-3

    P2X Receptor Neurological Disease
    RO-3 is a potent, CNS-penetrant, and orally active P2X3 and P2X2/3 antagonist with pIC50s of 5.9 and 7.0 for human homomultimeric P2X3 and heteromultimeric P2X2/3 receptors, respectively. RO-3 shows selectivity for P2X3 and P2X2/3 over all other functional homomultimeric P2X receptors (IC50 >10 μM at P2X1,2,4,5,7).
  • HY-128895
    KL1333

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Metabolic Disease
    KL1333, a derivative of β-lapachone, is an orally available NAD+ modulator. KL1333 reacts with NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) as a substrate, resulting in increases in intracellular NAD+ levels via NADH oxidation. KL1333 improves energy metabolism and mitochondrial dysfunction in MELAS fibroblasts. KL1333 protects against Cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in mouse cochlear cultures.
  • HY-107489
    RO 4938581

    GABA Receptor Neurological Disease
    RO 4938581 is a potent and selective GABAA α5 inverse agonist, with a Ki of 4.6 nM for GABAA α5β3γ2a, and shows a lower affinity at α1β3γ2a, α2β3γ2a, α3β3γ2a (Ki, 174, 185, 80 nM, respectively); RO 4938581 is used in the research of cognitive dysfunction.
  • HY-112234
    L-Sepiapterin

    Sepiapterin

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    L-Sepiapterin (Sepiapterin) is a precursor of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4). L-Sepiapterin improves endothelial dysfunction in small mesenteric arteries from db/db mice, and induces angiogenesis. L-Sepiapterin inhibits cell proliferation and migration of ovarian cancer cells via down-regulation of p70 S6K-dependent VEGFR-2 expression.
  • HY-D0190
    2-Thenoyltrifluoroacetone

    HTTA; TTA; TTFA

    Others Cancer Infection Others
    2-Thenoyltrifluoroacetone is a chelating agent. 2-Thenoyltrifluoroacetone can be used for the complexation of various metal ions including Mn(II), Co(III), Ni(II), et al.. 2-Thenoyltrifluoroacetone possesses antitubercular and cytotoxic activities. 2-Thenoyltrifluoroacetone is also used as common inhibitor of mitochondrial electron flux and to analyze the endothelial cell dysfunction. Besides, copper (II) complex of 2-Thenoyltrifluoroacetone has anticancer activity against K562.
  • HY-147225
    TSPO Ligand-Linker Conjugates 1

    AUTACs Mitophagy Cancer Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    TSPO Ligand-Linker Conjugates 1 contains a ligand for translocator protein (TSPO) and a linker, which is used for the synthesis of mitochondria-targeting autophagy-targeting chimera (AUTAC). AUTAC can bind the TSPO on the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) of mitochondria and degrades impaired mitochondria and proteins via mitophagy, and improves mitochondrial activity. TSPO Ligand-Linker Conjugates 1 can be used in mitochondrial dysfunction related research, including neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, and diabetes.
  • HY-N1306
    Sideroxylin

    Bacterial Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Cancer Infection
    Sideroxylin is a C-methylated flavone isolated from Callistemon lanceolatus and exerts antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. Sideroxylin inhibits ovarian cancer cell proliferation and induces apoptosis, causing DNA fragmentation, depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane, the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS).
  • HY-18734
    Carboxy-PTIO

    NO Synthase Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Carboxy-PTIO is a potent nitric oxide (NO) scavenger that can make a quick reaction with NO to produce NO2. Carboxy-PTIO can prevent hypotension and endotoxic shock through the direct scavenging action against NO in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated rat model.
  • HY-15509A
    Semapimod tetrahydrochloride

    CNI-1493; CPSI-2364 tetrahydrochloride

    TNF Receptor Interleukin Related p38 MAPK Inflammation/Immunology
    Semapimod tetrahydrochloride (CNI-1493), an inhibitor of proinflammatory cytokine production, can inhibit TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6. Semapimod tetrahydrochloride inhibits TLR4 signaling (IC50≈0.3 μM). Semapimod tetrahydrochloride inhibits p38 MAPK and nitric oxide production in macrophages. Semapimod tetrahydrochloride has potential in a variety of inflammatory and autoimmune disorders.
  • HY-18734A
    Carboxy-PTIO potassium

    NO Synthase Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Carboxy-PTIO potassium is a potent nitric oxide (NO) scavenger that can make a quick reaction with NO to produce NO2. Carboxy-PTIO potassium can prevent hypotension and endotoxic shock through the direct scavenging action against NO in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated rat model.
  • HY-B1021
    Vincamine

    Free Fatty Acid Receptor Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Vincamine is a monoterpenoid indole alkaloid extracted from the Madagascar periwinkle. Vincamine is a peripheral vasodilator and exerts a selective vasoregulator action on the brain microcapilar circulation. Vincamine is a GPR40 agonist and acts as a β-cell protector by ameliorating β-cell dysfunction and promoting glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). Vincamine improves glucose homeostasis in vivo, and has the potential for the type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) research.
  • HY-120897
    NS-3-008 hydrochloride

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    NS-3-008 hydrochloride is an orally active transcriptional inhibitor of G0/G1 switch 2 (G0s2) with an IC50 of 2.25 μM. NS-3-008 hydrochloride can be used for chronic kidney disease.
  • HY-W013136
    Triheptanoin

    Others Neurological Disease
    Triheptanoin (Propane-1,2,3-triyl triheptanoate) is a synthetic medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) consisting of three odd-chain 7-carbon (heptanoate) fatty acids on a glycerol backbone. Triheptanoin can be used for the research of inherited metabolic disorders.
  • HY-147696
    SMTIN-T140

    HSP AMPK Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer
    SMTIN-T140 (compound 6a) is a potent TRAP1 (tumor-necrosis-factor-receptor associated protein 1) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 1.646 μM. SMTIN-T140 shows anticancer activity. SMTIN-T140 leads to mitochondrial dysfunction, increases mitochondrial ROS production and activates AMPK. SMTIN-T140 potently suppressed tumor growth without any noticeable in vivo toxicity in a mouse model xenografted with PC3 prostate cancer cells.
  • HY-103409
    ABT-724 trihydrochloride

    Dopamine Receptor Neurological Disease
    ABT-724 trihydrochloride is a potent and highly selective dopamine D4 receptor agonist with an EC50 of 12.4 nM for human dopamine D4 receptor. ABT-724 trihydrochloride is a potent partial agonist at the rat D4 (EC50 of 14.3 nM) and the ferret D4 receptor (EC50 of 23.2 nM), and has no effect on dopamine D1, D2, D3, or D5 receptors. ABT-724 trihydrochloride could be useful for the treatment of erectile dysfunction and has favorable side-effect profile.
  • HY-14330
    ABT-724

    Dopamine Receptor Neurological Disease
    ABT-724 is a potent and highly selective dopamine D4 receptor agonist with an EC50 of 12.4 nM for human dopamine D4 receptor. ABT-724 is a potent partial agonist at the rat D4 (EC50 of 14.3 nM) and the ferret D4 receptor (EC50 of 23.2 nM). ABT-724 has no effect on dopamine D1, D2, D3, or D5 receptors. ABT-724 could be useful for the treatment of erectile dysfunction and has favorable side-effect profile.
  • HY-146323
    Antitumor agent-58

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Antitumor agent-58 (Compound C18) is an anti-tumor agent. Antitumor agent-58 effectively inhibits colony formation and cell migration of MGC-803 cells. Antitumor agent-58 induces apoptosis of MGC-803 cells through activation of the p38 and JNK signaling pathways. Antitumor agent-58 induces mitochondrial dysfunction of MGC-803 cells. Antitumor agent-58 effectively inhibits tumor growth of xenograft model bearing MGC-803 cells.
  • HY-108915
    Trimethylamine N-oxide dihydrate

    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Reactive Oxygen Species TGF-beta/Smad Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimethylamine N-oxide dihydrate is a gut microbe-dependent metabolite of dietary choline and other trimethylamine-containing nutrients. Trimethylamine N-oxide dihydrate induces inflammation by activating the ROS/NLRP3 inflammasome. Trimethylamine N-oxide dihydrate also accelerates fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiation and induces cardiac fibrosis by activating the TGF-β/smad2 signaling pathway.
  • HY-116084
    Trimethylamine N-oxide

    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Reactive Oxygen Species TGF-beta/Smad Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimethylamine N-oxide is a gut microbe-dependent metabolite of dietary choline and other trimethylamine-containing nutrients. Trimethylamine N-oxide induces inflammation by activating the ROS/NLRP3 inflammasome. Trimethylamine N-oxide also accelerates fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiation and induces cardiac fibrosis by activating the TGF-β/smad2 signaling pathway.
  • HY-139192A
    NMDAR/TRPM4-IN-2 free base

    iGluR TRP Channel ERK Neurological Disease
    NMDAR/TRPM4-IN-2 free base (compound 8) is a potent NMDAR/TRPM4 interaction interface inhibitor. NMDAR/TRPM4-IN-2 free base shows neuroprotective activity. NMDAR/TRPM4-IN-2 free base prevents NMDA-induced cell death and mitochondrial dysfunction in hippocampal neurons, with an IC50 of 2.1 μM. NMDAR/TRPM4-IN-2 free base protects mice from MCAO-induced brain damage and NMDA-induced retinal ganglion cell loss.
  • HY-110339
    RKI-1447 dihydrochloride

    ROCK Apoptosis Cancer
    RKI 1447 dihydrochloride is a potent and selective ROCK inhibitor with IC50s of 14.5 and 6.2 nM for ROCK1 and ROCK2, respectively. RKI 1447 dihydrochloride suppresses colorectal carcinoma cell growth and promotes apoptosis.
  • HY-124832
    δ-Secretase inhibitor 11

    Caspase Amyloid-β Neurological Disease
    δ-Secretase inhibitor 11 (compound 11) is an orally active, potent, BBB-penetrated, non-toxic, selective and specific δ-secretase inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.7 μM. δ-Secretase inhibitor 11 interacts with both the active site and allosteric site of δ-secretase. δ-Secretase inhibitor 11 attenuates tau and APP (amyloid precursor protein) cleavage. δ-Secretase inhibitor 11 ameliorates synaptic dysfunction and cognitive impairments in tau P301S and 5XFAD transgenic mouse models. δ-Secretase inhibitor 11 can be used for Alzheimer's disease research.
  • HY-17474A
    Parecoxib Sodium

    SC 69124A

    COX Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Parecoxib Sodium (SC 69124A) is a highly selective and orally active COX-2 inhibitor, the prodrug of Valdecoxib (HY-15762). Parecoxib Sodium is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) and inhibits prostaglandin (PG) synthesis. Parecoxib Sodium can be used for the relief of acute postoperative pain and symptoms of chronic inflammatory conditions such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis in vivo.
  • HY-17474
    Parecoxib

    SC 69124

    COX Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Parecoxib (SC 69124) is a highly selective and orally active COX-2 inhibitor, the prodrug of Valdecoxib (HY-15762). Parecoxib Sodium is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) and inhibits prostaglandin (PG) synthesis. Parecoxib can be used for the relief of acute postoperative pain and symptoms of chronic inflammatory conditions such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis in vivo.
  • HY-B1066
    Butylhydroxyanisole

    Butylated hydroxyanisole; BHA; E320

    Reactive Oxygen Species Ferroptosis Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Butylhydroxyanisole (Butylated hydroxyanisole) is an antioxidant used as a food additive preservative. Butylhydroxyanisole mediates liver toxicity, retardation in reproductive organ development and learning, and sleep deficit. Butylhydroxyanisole exerts neurotoxic effects and leads to disruption of the brain and nerve development. Butylhydroxyanisole is a ferroptosis inducer.
  • HY-149010
    NXPZ-2

    Keap1-Nrf2 Neurological Disease
    NXPZ-2 is an orally active Keap1-Nrf2 protein–protein interaction (PPI) inhibitor with a Ki value of 95 nM, EC50 value of 120 and 170 nM. NXPZ-2 can dose-dependently ameliorate Aβ[1-42]-Induced cognitive dysfunction, improve brain tissue pathological changes in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) mouse by increasing neuron quantity and function. NXPZ-2 can inhibit oxidative stress by increasing Nrf2 expression levels and promoting its cytoplasm to nuclear translocation, which is helpful for Keap1-Nrf2 PPI inhibitors and AD associated disease research.