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mice

" in MCE Product Catalog:

360

Inhibitors & Agonists

2

Dye Reagents

45

Peptides

72

Natural
Products

13

Isotope-Labeled Compounds

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-120872
    AJS1669 free acid

    Metabolic Disease
    AJS1669 free acid is a potent and orally available glycogen synthase (GS) activator. AJS1669 improves glucose metabolism and reduces body fat mass in mice.
  • HY-131334
    AMPK activator 4

    AMPK Metabolic Disease
    AMPK activator 4 is a potent AMPK activator without inhibition of mitochondrial complex I. AMPK activator 4 selectively activates AMPK in the muscle tissues. AMPK activator 4 dose-dependently improves glucose tolerance in normal mice, and significantly lowers fasting blood glucose level and ameliorates insulin resistance in db/db diabetic mice. Anti-hyperglycemic effect.
  • HY-14452
    Fatostatin

    125B11

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Cancer
    Fatostatin (125B11), a specific inhibitor of SREBP activation, impairs the activation of SREBP-1 and SREBP-2. Fatostatin binds to SCAP (SREBP cleavage-activating protein), and inhibits the ER-Golgi translocation of SREBPs. Fatostatin decreases the transcription of lipogenic genes in cells. Fatostatin possesses antitumor properties, and lowers hyperglycemia in ob/ob mice.
  • HY-14452A
    Fatostatin hydrobromide

    125B11 hydrobromide

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Cancer
    Fatostatin hydrobromide (125B11 hydrobromide), a specific inhibitor of SREBP activation, impairs the activation of SREBP-1 and SREBP-2. Fatostatin hydrobromide binds to SCAP (SREBP cleavage-activating protein), and inhibits the ER-Golgi translocation of SREBPs. Fatostatin hydrobromide decreases the transcription of lipogenic genes in cells. Fatostatin hydrobromide possesses antitumor properties, and lowers hyperglycemia in ob/ob mice.
  • HY-103157
    PD146176

    NSC168807

    Autophagy Ferroptosis Cardiovascular Disease
    PD146176 (NSC168807), a 15-Lipoxygenase (15-LO) inhibitor, inhibits rabbit reticulocyte 15-LO (Ki=197 nM, IC50=0.54 μM). PD146176 reverses cognitive impairment, brain amyloidosis, and tau pathology by stimulating autophagy in aged triple transgenic mice.
  • HY-110120
    DSR-6434

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Cancer
    DSR-6434 is a potent and selective Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist, with EC50s of 7.2 nM and 4.6 nM for human and mice TLR7, respectively. DSR-6434 has a strong antitumor effect.
  • HY-14393
    Emodin

    Frangula emodin

    SARS-CoV Casein Kinase Autophagy Cancer
    Emodin (Frangula emodin), an anthraquinone derivative, is an anti-SARS-CoV compound. Emodin blocks the SARS coronavirus spike protein and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) interaction. Emodin inhibits casein kinase-2 (CK2). Anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects. Emodin is a potent selective 11β-HSD1 inhibitor with the IC50 of 186 and 86 nM for human and mouse 11β-HSD1, respectively. Emodin ameliorates metabolic disorder in diet-induced obese mice.
  • HY-125858
    MI-1061

    MDM-2/p53 E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Apoptosis Cancer
    MI-1061 is a potent, orally bioavailable, and chemically stable MDM2 (MDM2-p53 interaction) inhibitor (IC50=4.4 nM; Ki=0.16 nM). MI-1061 potently activates p53 and induces apoptosis in the SJSA-1 xenograft tumor tissue in mice. Anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-N1503
    Methyl deacetylasperulosidate

    6α-Hydroxygeniposide; Deacetylasperulosidic acid methyl ester

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Methyl deacetylasperulosidate is an iridoid and shows purgative effects in mice and lowers the blood glucose level in normal mice.
  • HY-125858A
    MI-1061 TFA

    MDM-2/p53 E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Apoptosis Cancer
    MI-1061 TFA is a potent, orally bioavailable, and chemically stable MDM2 (MDM2-p53 interaction) inhibitor (IC50=4.4 nM; Ki=0.16 nM). MI-1061 TFA potently activates p53 and induces apoptosis in the SJSA-1 xenograft tumor tissue in mice. Anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-146619
    RAGE/SERT-IN-1

    Amyloid-β Serotonin Transporter Neurological Disease
    RAGE/SERT-IN-1 is a potent and orally active advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and serotonin transporter (SERT) inhibitor with IC50s of 8.26 μM and 31.09 nM, respectively. RAGE/SERT-IN-1 exhibits significant neuroprotective effect against Aβ25-35-induced neuronal damage and alleviates depressive behavior of mice. RAGE/SERT-IN-1 can be used for researching the comorbidity of Alzheimer's disease and depression.
  • HY-108039
    HE 3286

    NF-κB Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    HE 3286 is a synthetic derivative of a natural anti-inflammatory steroid, β-AET. HE 3286 is an orally active partial NF-κB inhibitor. HE3286 reduces proinflammatory signals, including IL-6 and matrix metallopeptidase 3. HE 3286 freely penetrates the blood brain barrier in mice. HE 3286 can be used for the research of the ulcerative colitis, arthritis, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
  • HY-146723
    IKKβ-IN-1

    IKK Inflammation/Immunology
    IKKβ-IN-1 is a potent and orally active IkappaB (IKK-β) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.20 μM. IKKβ-IN-1 can reduce PGE2 and TNF-α production in mouse macrophage cells. IKKβ-IN-1 has the ability to protect mice against septic shock induced mortality.
  • HY-112234
    L-Sepiapterin

    Sepiapterin

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    L-Sepiapterin (Sepiapterin) is a precursor of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4). L-Sepiapterin improves endothelial dysfunction in small mesenteric arteries from db/db mice, and induces angiogenesis. L-Sepiapterin inhibits cell proliferation and migration of ovarian cancer cells via down-regulation of p70 S6K-dependent VEGFR-2 expression.
  • HY-139994
    XN methyl pyrazole

    XP

    Others Metabolic Disease
    XN methyl pyrazole improves diet-induced obesity and induces energy expenditure in high-fat diet-fed mice.
  • HY-131102
    Mequindox

    Bacterial DNA/RNA Synthesis Infection
    Mequindox is an antimicrobial agent. Mequindox acts as an inhibitor of DNA synthesis. Mequindox induces genotoxicity and carcinogenicity in mice.
  • HY-122916
    7-Acetyllycopsamine

    Others Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    7-Acetyllycopsamine, a pyrrolizidine alkaloid, is a mild hepatotoxin. 7-Acetyllycopsamine can induce liver inflammation in mice.
  • HY-W009688
    Dibutyl maleate

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Dibutyl maleate, the diester of the Maleic Acid, can be used as an intermediate of pharmaceutical synthesis. Dibutyl maleate can enhance contact sensitization to Fluorescein isothiocyanate in mice.
  • HY-D0195
    Acesulfame potassium

    Others Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Acesulfame potassium is an artificial sweetener. Acesulfame potassium (long-term) affects cognitive functions, potentially via altering neuro-metabolic functions in mice.
  • HY-N5126
    Juncusol

    Others Neurological Disease
    Juncusol, a phenanthrenoid found in Juncus setchuenensis, possesses anxiolytic effect. Juncusol is associated with metabolic changes in cortical serotonin/dopamine levels in Mice.
  • HY-109044
    Tapinarof

    WBI-1001; Benvitimod; GSK2894512

    Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    Tapinarof (WBI-1001) is a natural aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist with an EC50 of 13 nM. Tapinarof resolves skin inflammation in mice.
  • HY-N10359
    Isoandrographolide

    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Inflammation/Immunology
    Isoandrographolide possesses cell differentiation inducing and hepatoprotective effect. Isoandrographolide inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome activation and attenuates silicosis in mice.
  • HY-137207
    MK-28

    PERK Neurological Disease
    MK-28 is a potent and selective PERK activator. MK-28 exhibits remarkable pharmacokinetic properties and high BBB penetration in mice.
  • HY-124557
    Mahanimbine

    Others Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Mahanimbine is an orally active alkaloid from curry leaves. Mahanimbine inhibits progression of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced metabolic complications in mice.
  • HY-106887
    SCH 32615

    Others Neurological Disease
    SCH 32615 is an enkephalinase (the enzymes responsible for the degradation of endogenous enkephalins) inhibitor. SCH 32615 can enhance surgery- and pregnancy-induced analgesia in mice.
  • HY-N8522
    9,10-Dihydroxystearic acid

    Others Metabolic Disease
    9,10-Dihydroxystearic acid is an oxidation product of oleic acid. 9,10-Dihydroxystearic acid can improve glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in KKAy mice.
  • HY-121565
    SaRI 59-801

    Others Endocrinology Metabolic Disease
    SaRI 59-801 is an orally effective hypoglycemic compound. SaRI 59-801 decreases blood glucose in several species and to elevate plasma insulin in rats and mice.
  • HY-113412A
    3-Methylhistamine dihydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    3-Methylhistamine dihydrochloride is a degradation product of histamine. 3-Methylhistamine dihydrochloride, a methylated product of histamine, is associated with immune response and shows upregulation in the vaccinated mice.
  • HY-N0546
    Ligustroflavone

    Nuezhenoside

    CaSR Metabolic Disease
    Ligustroflavone, extracted from Ligustrum lucidum, is a potential candidate as calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) antagonist. Ligustroflavone exhibits protective effects against diabetic osteoporosis in mice.
  • HY-N3204
    Neoechinulin A

    Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    Neoechinulin A is an isoprenyl indole alkaloid that exhibits scavenging, neurotrophic factor-like, and anti-apoptotic activities. Neoechinulin A induces memory improvements and antidepressant-like effects in mice.
  • HY-106947
    SY-640

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    SY-640 is an Acetamide derivative and has potent hepatoprotective effect. SY-640 reduces Propionibacterium acnes and Lipopolysaccharide-induced liver injury in mice.
  • HY-103357
    LY288513

    Cholecystokinin Receptor Neurological Disease
    LY288513 is a selective non-peptide CCK-B receptor antagonist with an IC50 value of 16 nM. LY288513 produces an anxiolytic-like action in mice.
  • HY-101325
    BRL 37344 sodium

    BRL 37344A

    Adrenergic Receptor Metabolic Disease Endocrinology
    BRL 37344 sodium (BRL 37344A) is a specific β3-adrenergic receptor agonist. BRL 37344 sodium treatment significantly lowers the body weight of obese mice.
  • HY-N1109
    Uvaol

    Others Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Uvaol, a triterpene present in olives and virgin olive oil, possesses anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidant effects. Uvaol attenuates pleuritis and eosinophilic inflammation in ovalbumin-induced allergy in mice.
  • HY-128578
    KPLH1130

    PDHK Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    KPLH1130 is a specific pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) inhibitor, blocks macrophage polarization and attenuates proinflammatory responses. KPLH1130 improves glucose tolerance in HFD-fed mice.
  • HY-B0448A
    Phenytoin sodium

    5,5-Diphenylhydantoin sodium salt

    Sodium Channel Virus Protease Neurological Disease
    Phenytoin sodium (5,5-Diphenylhydantoin sodium salt) is a potent Voltage-gated Na + channels (VGSCs) blocker. Phenytoin has antiepileptic activity and reduces breast tumour growth and metastasis in mice.
  • HY-100782
    DL-AP7

    2-APH; 2-Amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic acid

    iGluR Neurological Disease
    DL-AP7 is a competitive NMDA antagonist and an anticonvulsant. DL-AP7 blocks the NMDA-induced convulsions and impairs learning performance in a passive avoidance task in mice.
  • HY-B0448
    Phenytoin

    5,5-Diphenylhydantoin

    Sodium Channel Virus Protease Neurological Disease
    Phenytoin (5,5-Diphenylhydantoin) is a potent Voltage-gated Na + channels (VGSCs) blocker. Phenytoin has antiepileptic activity and reduces breast tumour growth and metastasis in mice.
  • HY-N4243
    Neocurdione

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Neocurdione is a hepatoprotective sesquiterpene isolated from Curcuma zedoaria rhizome. Neocurdione exerts potent effect on D-galactosamine- (D-Gain) and lipopolysaccharide- (LPS) induced acute liver injury in mice.
  • HY-139973
    OAB-14

    Others Neurological Disease
    OAB-14, is a Bexarotene (HY-14171) derivative, improves Alzheimer's disease-related pathologies and cognitive impairments by increasing β-amyloid clearance in APP/PS1 mice. OAB-14 effectively ameliorates the dysfunction of the endosomal-autophagic-lysosomal pathway in APP/PS1 transgenic mice.
  • HY-12459
    Pyrindamycin B

    Bacterial Infection
    Pyrindamycin B is an antibiotic, actives against gram-positive and gram-negative bacterias, and exhibits strong therapeutic effects against both drug-sensitive and resistant cells of P388 leukemia in mice.
  • HY-139798
    Iboxamycin

    Bacterial Infection
    Iboxamycin is a potent antibiotic candidate bearing a fused bicyclic amino acid residue. Iboxamycin is orally bioavailable, safe and effective in treating both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial infections in mice.
  • HY-P0107
    RC-3095

    Bombesin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    RC-3095 is a bombesin/gastrin releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) antagonist. RC-3095 exerts protective effects by reducing gastric oxidative injury in the arthritic mice.
  • HY-131181
    LEI-401

    Phospholipase Neurological Disease
    LEI-401 is a first-in-class, selective, and CNS-active NAPE-PLD (N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine phospholipase D) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 27 nM. LEI-401 modulates emotional behavior in mice.
  • HY-108623
    Atizoram

    CP-80,633

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Inflammation/Immunology
    Atizoram (CP-80,633), a cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE4) inhibitor, elevates plasma cyclic AMP levels and decreases tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) production in mice.
  • HY-143228
    SH-42

    Others Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    SH-42 is a potent and selective inhibitor of human Δ 24-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR24), with an IC50 of 42 nM. SH-42 can lead to a significant increase in plasma desmosterol levels of mice.
  • HY-109506
    DPPC

    129Y83

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    DPPC (129Y83) is a zwitterionic phosphoglyceride that can be used for the preparation of liposomal monolayers. DPPC-liposome serves effectively as a delivery vehicle for inducing immune responses against GSL antigen in mice.
  • HY-P2203
    SAHM1

    Notch Inflammation/Immunology
    SAHM1, a peptide mimetic of a dominant negative form of mastermind-like (MAML), inhibits canonical Notch transcription complex formation. SAHM1 can be used for the research of allergic airway inflammation in mice.
  • HY-112726
    PXS-4728A

    BI-1467335

    Monoamine Oxidase Inflammation/Immunology
    PXS-4728A (BI-1467335) is a selective, orally active inhibitor of semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO). PXS-4728A ameliorates chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in mice.
  • HY-141866
    Acid Ceramidase-IN-1

    Others Neurological Disease
    Acid Ceramidase-IN-1 is a potent and oral bioavailable acid ceramidase (AC, ASAH-1) inhibitor (hAC IC50=0.166 μM). Acid Ceramidase-IN-1 has excellent brain penetration in mice.
  • HY-103017
    JH-X-119-01 hydrochloride

    IRAK Infection
    JH-X-119-01 hydrochloride is a potent and selective interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinases 1 (IRAK1) inhibitor. JH-X-119-01 hydrochloride ameliorates LPS-induced sepsis in mice.
  • HY-P0107A
    RC-3095 TFA

    Bombesin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    RC-3095 TFA is a selective bombesin/gastrin releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) antagonist. RC-3095 TFA exerts protective effects by reducing gastric oxidative injury in the arthritic mice.
  • HY-N5106
    (E)-Flavokawain A

    Apoptosis Cancer
    (E)-Flavokawain A, a chalcone extracted from Kava, has anticarcinogenic effect. (E)-Flavokawain A induces apoptosis in bladder cancer cells by involvement of bax protein-dependent and mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathway and suppresses tumor growth in mice.
  • HY-121271
    Kadsurin

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Kadsurin, a natural compound from the stems of Kadsura heteroclita (Schizandraceae), results in significant decreases of CCL4- induced lipid-peroxidation products, such as thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBA-RS), conjugated dienes and fluorescent products in the liver of mice.
  • HY-120083
    Rodatristat

    KAR5417

    5-HT Receptor Tryptophan Hydroxylase Cardiovascular Disease
    Rodatristat (KAR5417) is a potent tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1) and TPH2 inhibitor with IC50s value of 33 nM and 7 nM, respectively, and shows robust reduction of intestinal serotonin (5-HT) levels in mice.
  • HY-127039
    Antipain

    Ser/Thr Protease DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Antipain is a protease inhibitor isolated from Actinomycetes. Antipain inhibits N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)-induced transformation and increases chromosomal aberrations. Antipain restricts uterine DNA synthesis and function in mice.
  • HY-127034
    Antipain dihydrochloride

    Ser/Thr Protease DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Antipain dihydrochloride is a protease inhibitor isolated from Actinomycetes. Antipain dihydrochloride inhibits N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)-induced transformation and increases chromosomal aberrations. Antipain dihydrochloride restricts uterine DNA synthesis and function in mice.
  • HY-P1290
    PKA Inhibitor Fragment (6-22) amide

    PKI-(6-22)-amide

    PKA Neurological Disease
    PKA Inhibitor Fragment (6-22) amide is an inhibitor of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA), with a Ki of 2.8 nM. PKA Inhibitor Fragment (6-22) amide can significantly reverse low-level morphine antinociceptive tolerance in mice.
  • HY-129087
    BC-​1258

    Apoptosis Cancer
    BC-1258, an F-box/LRR-repeat protein 2 (FBXL2) activator, can stabilize and upregulate FBXL2 levels. BC-1258 induces apoptosis of tumorigenic cells, and profoundly inhibits tumor formation in mice.
  • HY-N0260
    Epmedin C

    Epimedin-C; Baohuoside-VI

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Epmedin C, a natural product, has estrogen-like effects for ovariectomized mice.
  • HY-103316A
    Ned 19

    Calcium Channel Cancer
    Ned 19 is a selective membrane-permeant non competitive NAADP antagonist and inhibits NAADP-mediated Ca 2+ signaling, with an IC50 of 65 nM. Ned 19 strongly inhibits tumor growth and vascularization as well as lung metastases in mice.
  • HY-N3522
    Platycoside E

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Platycoside E is a platycodigenin-type saponin isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum with haemolytic activity and adjuvant potential. Platycoside E promotes the production of the sera OVA-specific IgG2a and IgG2b antibody in the ovalbumin (OVA)-immunized mice.
  • HY-110171
    iMDK

    PI3K Cancer
    iMDK is a potent PI3K inhibitor and inhibits the growth factor MDK (also known as midkine or MK). iMDK suppresses non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cooperatively with A MEK inhibitor without harming normal cells and mice.
  • HY-120597
    SAK3

    Calcium Channel Neurological Disease
    SAK3 is a potent T-type voltage-gated Ca 2+ channels (T-VGCCs) enhancer. SAK3 enhances Cav3.1 and Cav3.3 T-type Ca 2+ channel currents. Acute SAK3 administration improves memory deficits in olfactory-bulbectomized mice. SAK3 inhibits amyloid β plaque formation in APP-KI mice by activating the proteasome activity.
  • HY-133533
    O-2050

    Cannabinoid Receptor Neurological Disease
    O-2050 is a high affinity cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist with a Ki of 2.5 nM. O-2050 inhibits cannabinoid CB2 receptor (Ki=0.2 nM). O-2050 can cause locomotor stimulation in mice.
  • HY-P1290A
    PKA Inhibitor Fragment (6-22) amide TFA

    PKI-(6-22)-amide TFA

    PKA Neurological Disease
    PKA Inhibitor Fragment (6-22) amide TFA is an inhibitor of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA), with a Ki of 2.8 nM. PKA Inhibitor Fragment (6-22) amide TFA can significantly reverse low-level morphine antinociceptive tolerance in mice.
  • HY-132302
    Hu7691

    Akt PKA PKC ROCK Ribosomal S6 Kinase (RSK) SGK Cancer
    Hu7691 is an orally active, selective Akt inhibitor with IC50s of 4.0 nM, 97.5 nM, 28 nM for Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3, respectively. Hu7691 inhibits tumor growth and enables decrease of cutaneous toxicity in mice.
  • HY-N7047
    8-Epidiosbulbin E acetate

    Bacterial Infection
    8-Epidiosbulbin E acetate, a furanoid, is abundant in Dioscorea bulbifera L.. 8-Epidiosbulbin E acetate exhibits broad-spectrum plasmid-curing activity against multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. 8-Epidiosbulbin E acetate induces liver injury in mice.
  • HY-N7514
    Strictosidinic acid

    5-HT Receptor Neurological Disease
    Strictosidinic acid, an orally active glycoside indole monoterpene alkaloid isolated from Psychotria myriantha leaves, inhibits precursor enzymes of 5-HT biosynthesis and reduces the 5-HT levels. Strictosidinic acid has peripheral analgesic and antipyretic activities in mice.
  • HY-N0506
    Rosarin

    Others Neurological Disease
    Rosarin is a cinnamyl alcohol glycoside isolated from Rhodiola rosea. Rosarin has anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. Rosarin supresses the expression of the proinflammatory factors iNOS, IL-1 β, and TNF- α in the kidney and prefrontal cortex of brain in mice .
  • HY-101030
    MBM-17

    Apoptosis Cancer
    MBM-17 is a potent NIMA-related kinase 2 (Nek2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 3 nM. It effectively inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. MBM-55 shows antitumor activities, and no obvious toxicity to mice.
  • HY-100442
    Paquinimod

    ABR 25757

    Others Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Paquinimod (ABR 25757) is a specific inhibitor of S100A8/S100A9. Paquinimod rescues the pneumonia with substantial reduction of viral loads in SARS-CoV-2-infected mice.
  • HY-N10279
    Gymconopin C

    Others Infection
    Gymconopin C shows an antiallergic effect on ear passive cutaneous anaphylaxis reactions in mice.
  • HY-125850
    Berberrubine chloride

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Berberrubine chloride is an active metabolite of berberine, attenuates ulcerative colitis in mice model.
  • HY-110171A
    iMDK quarterhydrate

    PI3K Cancer
    iMDK quarterhydrate is a potent PI3K inhibitor and inhibits the growth factor MDK (also known as midkine or MK). iMDK quarterhydrate suppresses non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cooperatively with A MEK inhibitor without harming normal cells and mice.
  • HY-P1438A
    Neuropeptide S(Rat) TFA

    Neuropeptide Y Receptor
    Neuropeptide S(Rat) TFA is a potent endogenous neuropeptide S receptor (NSPR) agonist (EC50=3.2 nM). Neuropeptide S(Rat) TFA increases locomotor activity and wakefulness in mice. Neuropeptide S(Rat) TFA also reduces anxiety-like behavior in mice.
  • HY-N1388
    Tussilagone

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Tussilagone, a major active component in Tussilago farfara, has anti-inflammatory effect. Tussilagone ameliorates inflammatory responses in dextran sulphate sodium-induced murine colitis. Tussilagone inhibits the inflammatory response and improves survival in cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced septic mice.
  • HY-B1002
    Oxolinic acid

    Bacterial Antibiotic DNA/RNA Synthesis Infection
    Oxolinic acid is an antibiotic against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Oxolinic acid can be used for the research of acute and chronic urinary tract infections. Oxolinic acid is a DNA/RNA synthesis inhibitor. Oxolinic acid acts a dopamine uptake inhibitor and stimulants locomotor effect in mice.
  • HY-108559
    L-161982

    Prostaglandin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    L-161982 is a selective EP4 receptor antagonist. L-161982 completely blocks PGE2-induced ERK phosphorylation and cell proliferation of HCA-7 cells. L-161982 alleviates collagen-induced arthritis in mice.
  • HY-13818
    Stattic

    STAT Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Stattic is a potent STAT3 inhibitor and inhibits STAT3 phosphorylation (at Y705 and S727). Stattic inhibits the binding of a high affinity phosphopeptide for the SH2 domain of STAT3. Stattic ameliorates the renal dysfunction in Alport syndrome (AS) mice.
  • HY-P3102
    GLP-1(32-36)amide

    Glucagon Receptor Metabolic Disease
    GLP-1(32-36)amide, a pentapeptide, derived from the C terminus of the glucoregulatory hormone GLP-1. GLP-1(32-36)amide could inhibit weight gain and modulate whole body glucose metabolism in diabetic mice.
  • HY-N7026
    Celosin I

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Celosin I, an oleanane-type triterpenoid saponin isolated from the seeds of Celosia argentea L, could be used as chemical markers for the quality control of C. argentea seeds. Celosin I exhibits significant hepatoprotective effect on carbon tetrachloride-induced and N,N-dimethylformamide-induced hepatotoxicity in mice.
  • HY-132302A
    Hu7691 free base

    Akt PKA PKC ROCK Ribosomal S6 Kinase (RSK) SGK Cancer
    Hu7691 free base is an orally active, selective Akt inhibitor with IC50s of 4.0 nM, 97.5 nM, 28 nM for Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3, respectively. Hu7691 free base inhibits tumor growth and enables decrease of cutaneous toxicity in mice.
  • HY-103111
    MMPIP hydrochloride

    mGluR Neurological Disease
    MMPIP hydrochloride is an allosteric metabotropic glutamate receptor 7 (mGluR7) selective antagonist (KB values 24 -30 nM). MMPIP hydrochloride acts as a pharmacological tool for elucidating the roles of mGluR7 on central nervous system functions. MMPIP hydrochloride alleviates pain and normalizes affective and cognitive behavior in neuropathic mice.
  • HY-107503
    MMPIP

    mGluR Neurological Disease
    MMPIP is an allosteric metabotropic glutamate receptor 7 (mGluR7) selective antagonist (KB values 24 -30 nM). MMPIP acts as a pharmacological tool for elucidating the roles of mGluR7 on central nervous system functions. MMPIP alleviates pain and normalizes affective and cognitive behavior in neuropathic mice.
  • HY-113354
    Anserine

    Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    Anserine, a methylated form of Carnosine, is an orally active, natural Histidine-containing dipeptide found in skeletal muscle of vertebrates. Anserine is not cleaved by serum carnosinase and act as biochemical buffers, chelators, antioxidants, and anti-glycation agents. Anserine improves memory functions in Alzheimer's disease (AD)-model mice.
  • HY-100751
    N-563

    Fungal Others
    N-563 is an analogue of deoxyspergualin with an immunostimulating activity,it promotes resistance to Candida albicans infection in mice.
  • HY-131042
    NNMTi

    Others Metabolic Disease
    NNMTi is a potent nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) inhibitor (IC50=1.2 μM) and selectively binds to the NNMT substrate-binding site residues. NNMTi  promotes myoblast differentiation in vitro and enhances fusion and regenerative capacity of muscle stem cells (muSCs) in aged mice.
  • HY-P1422
    Spadin

    Potassium Channel Neurological Disease
    Spadin, a natural peptide derived from a propeptide released in blood, is able to block the TREK-1 (KCNK2 or K2P2.1) channel activity. Spadin binds specifically to TREK-1 with an affinity of 10 nM. Spadin is an efficient antidepressant in mice.
  • HY-B0448S
    Phenytoin-d10

    5,5-Diphenylhydantoin-d10

    Sodium Channel Virus Protease Neurological Disease
    Phenytoin-d10 (5,5-Diphenylhydantoin-d10) is the deuterium labeled Phenytoin. Phenytoin (5,5-Diphenylhydantoin) is a potent Voltage-gated Na + channels (VGSCs) blocker. Phenytoin has antiepileptic activity and reduces breast tumour growth and metastasis in mice.
  • HY-P1136B
    TAT-Gap19

    Gap Junction Protein Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    TAT-Gap19, a Cx mimetic peptide, is a specific connexin43 hemichannel (Cx43 HC) inhibitor. TAT-Gap19 does not inhibits the corresponding Cx43 GJCs. TAT-Gap19 traverses the blood-brain barrier and alleviate liver fibrosis in mice.
  • HY-135747
    Gut restricted-7

    GR-7

    Bacterial Infection
    Gut restricted-7 (GR-7) is a potent, covalent and orally active pan-bile salt hydrolase (BSH) inhibitor. Gut restricted-7 has a tissue-selective and is restricted to the gut. Gut restricted-7 decreases gut bacterial BSHs and decreases deconjugated bile acid levels in feces of mice.
  • HY-12736
    GSK143

    Syk PERK Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    GSK143 is an orally active and highly selective spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) inhibitor with a pIC50 of 7.5. GSK143 inhibits phosphorylated Erk (pErk: pIC50=7.1). GSK143 reduces inflammation and prevents recruitment of immune cells in the intestinal muscularis in mice.
  • HY-12736A
    GSK143 dihydrochloride

    Syk PERK Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    GSK143 dihydrochloride is an orally active and highly selective spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) inhibitor with a pIC50 of 7.5. GSK143 dihydrochloride inhibits phosphorylated Erk (pErk: pIC50=7.1). GSK143 dihydrochloride reduces inflammation and prevents recruitment of immune cells in the intestinal muscularis in mice.
  • HY-129239
    Farudodstat

    ASLAN003

    Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase DNA/RNA Synthesis Apoptosis Cancer
    Farudodstat (ASLAN003) is an orally active and potent Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase (DHODH) inhibitor with an IC50 of 35 nM for human DHODH enzyme. Farudodstat inhibits protein synthesis via activation of AP-1 transcription factors. Farudodstat induces apoptosis and substantially prolongs survival in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) xenograft mice.
  • HY-124617A
    AMXT-1501 tetrahydrochloride

    Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    AMXT-1501 tetrahydrochloride is an orally active polyamine transport inhibitor. AMXT1501 blocks tumor growth in immunocompetent mice but not in athymic nude mice lacking T cells. Combination of DFMO and AMXT‐1501 induces caspase‐3 mediated apoptosis in NB cell lines.
  • HY-P3102A
    GLP-1(32-36)amide TFA

    Glucagon Receptor Metabolic Disease
    GLP-1(32-36)amide TFA, a pentapeptide, derived from the C terminus of the glucoregulatory hormone GLP-1. GLP-1(32-36)amide TFA could inhibit weight gain and modulate whole body glucose metabolism in diabetic mice.
  • HY-110279
    Ogerin

    Others Neurological Disease
    Ogerin is a selective GPR68 positive allosteric modulator, with a pEC50 of 6.83. Ogerin shows inverse agonist and antagonist activity (Ki, 220 nM) at A2A receptoor and weak antagonist activity (Ki, 736 nM) at 5-HT2B receptor. Ogerin blocks recall in fear conditioning in mice.
  • HY-108497
    L-803087

    Somatostatin Receptor Cancer Neurological Disease
    L-803087 is a potent and selective somatostatin sst4 receptor agonist with a Ki of 0.7 nM. L-803087 is >280-fold higher than other somatostatin receptors. L-803087 facilitates AMPA-mediated hippocampal synaptic responses in vitro and increases kainate-induced seizures in mice.
  • HY-134494
    MS48107

    Others Neurological Disease
    MS48107 is a potent and selective positive allosteric modulator of G protein-coupled receptor 68 (GPR68). MS48107 is selective for GPR68 over the closely related proton GPCRs, neurotransmitter transporters, and hERG ion channels. MS48107 can readily cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in mice.
  • HY-103327
    MJ15

    Cannabinoid Receptor Metabolic Disease
    MJ15 is a potent and selective CB1 receptor antagonist with a Ki of 27.2 pM and an IC50 of 118.9 pM for rat CB1 receptors. MJ15 exhibits potency in obesity and hyperlipidemia models. MJ15 inhibits food intake and increases in body weight in diet-induced obese rats and mice.
  • HY-U00008
    CP-28888

    CP 28888-27

    IFNAR Infection
    CP-28888 is an interferon inducer, more potent in mice, but is less active in man and devoid of antirhinovirus effects.
  • HY-P1437A
    Neuropeptide S(Mouse) TFA

    Neuropeptide Y Receptor
    Neuropeptide S(Mouse) TFA is a potent endogenous neuropeptide S receptor (NPSR) agonist (EC50=3 nM). Neuropeptide S(Mouse) TFA induces mobilization of intracellular Ca 2+. Neuropeptide S(Mouse) TFA increases locomotor activity and wakefulness in mice. Neuropeptide S(Mouse) TFA also reduces anxiety-like behavior in mice.
  • HY-P1422A
    Spadin TFA

    Potassium Channel Neurological Disease
    Spadin TFA, a natural peptide derived from a propeptide released in blood, is able to block the TREK-1 (KCNK2 or K2P2.1) channel activity. Spadin TFA binds specifically to TREK-1 with an affinity of 10 nM. Spadin TFA is an efficient antidepressant in mice.
  • HY-101030A
    MBM-17S

    Apoptosis Cancer
    MBM-17S is a potent NIMA-related kinase 2 (Nek2) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 3 nM. MBM-17S effectively inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. MBM-17S shows antitumor activities, and no obvious toxicity to mice.
  • HY-19893
    Antroquinonol

    (+)-Antroquinonol

    Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Antroquinonol ((+)-Antroquinonol), a ubiquinone derivative from the mushroom Antrodia camphorata, has hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer effects. Antroquinonol can be used for the research of colon cancer. Antroquinonol reduces oxidative stress by enhancing the Nrf2 signaling pathway and inhibits inflammation and sclerosis in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis mice.
  • HY-119347
    Cirsilineol

    IFNAR STAT Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Cirsilineol, a natural flavone compound, selectively inhibits IFN-γ/STAT1/T-bet signaling in intestinal CD4 + T cells. Cirsilineol has potent immunosuppressive and anti-tumor properties. Cirsilineol significantly ameliorates trinitro-benzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced T-cell-mediated experimental colitis in mice.
  • HY-N0204
    Pulchinenoside A

    Anemoside A3

    Others Others
    Pulchinenoside A is a natural triterpenoid saponin that enhances synaptic plasticity in the adult mouse hippocampus and facilitates spatial memory in adult mice.
  • HY-N0700
    alpha-Asarone

    α-Asarone; trans-Asarone

    GABA Receptor Neurological Disease
    alpha-Asarone (α-Asarone) is one of the main psychoactive compounds, and possesses an antidepressant-like activity in mice.
  • HY-139703
    Se-DMC

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Se-DMC attenuates complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammatory response, nociception, and neurobehavioral deficits in mice.
  • HY-143793
    RBP4 inhibitor 1

    Others Metabolic Disease
    RBP4 inhibitor 1 (compound 43b) is a potent and orally active retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) inhibitor with IC50s of 28 nM and 110 nM for human and mouse RBP4. RBP4 inhibitor 1 has a potent and long-lasting blood RBP4-level-reducing effect in mice.
  • HY-P1136C
    TAT-Gap19 TFA

    Gap Junction Protein Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    TAT-Gap19 TFA, a Cx mimetic peptide, is a specific connexin43 hemichannel (Cx43 HC) inhibitor. TAT-Gap19 TFA does not inhibits the corresponding Cx43 GJCs. TAT-Gap19 TFA traverses the blood-brain barrier and alleviate liver fibrosis in mice.
  • HY-B1002S
    Oxolinic acid-d5

    Bacterial Antibiotic DNA/RNA Synthesis Infection
    Oxolinic acid-d5 is the deuterium labeled Oxolinic acid. Oxolinic acid is an antibiotic against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Oxolinic acid can be used for the research of acute and chronic urinary tract infections. Oxolinic acid is a DNA/RNA synthesis inhibitor. Oxolinic acid acts a dopamine uptake inhibitor and stimulants locomotor effect in mice.
  • HY-113354S
    Anserine-d4

    Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    Anserine-d4 is the deuterium labeled Anserine. Anserine, a methylated form of Carnosine, is an orally active, natural Histidine-containing dipeptide found in skeletal muscle of vertebrates. Anserine is not cleaved by serum carnosinase and act as biochemical buffers, chelators, antioxidants, and anti-glycation agents. Anserine improves memory functions in Alzheimer's disease (AD)-model mice.
  • HY-109506S1
    DPPC-d9

    129Y83-d9

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    DPPC-d9 (129Y83-d9) is the deuterium labeled DPPC. DPPC (129Y83) is a zwitterionic phosphoglyceride that can be used for the preparation of liposomal monolayers. DPPC-liposome serves effectively as a delivery vehicle for inducing immune responses against GSL antigen in mice.
  • HY-109506S
    DPPC-d62

    129Y83-d62

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    DPPC-d62 (129Y83-d62) is the deuterium labeled DPPC. DPPC (129Y83) is a zwitterionic phosphoglyceride that can be used for the preparation of liposomal monolayers. DPPC-liposome serves effectively as a delivery vehicle for inducing immune responses against GSL antigen in mice.
  • HY-N10196
    Cerebroside D

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Cerebroside D, a glycoceramide compound, improves experimental colitis in mice with multiple targets against activated T lymphocytes.
  • HY-N5097
    13-Oxo-9E,11E-octadecadienoic acid

    PPAR Metabolic Disease
    13-Oxo-9E,11E-octadecadienoic acid, an isomer of 9-oxo-ODA, is a potent PPARα activator derived from tomato juice. 13-Oxo-9E,11E-octadecadienoic acid decreases plasma and hepatic triglyceride in obese diabetic mice.
  • HY-139659
    ARD-61

    PROTACs Androgen Receptor Progesterone Receptor Apoptosis Cancer
    ARD-61 is a highly potent, effective and specific PROTAC androgen receptor (AR) degrader. ARD-61 potently and effectively induces AR and progesterone receptors (PR) degradation in AR+ cancer cell lines. ARD-61 induces apoptosis and effectively induces tumor growth inhibition in the MDA-MB-453 xenograft model in mice.
  • HY-109506S3
    DPPC-d9-1

    129Y83-d9-1

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    DPPC-d9-1 (129Y83-d9-1) is the deuterium labeled DPPC. DPPC (129Y83) is a zwitterionic phosphoglyceride that can be used for the preparation of liposomal monolayers. DPPC-liposome serves effectively as a delivery vehicle for inducing immune responses against GSL antigen in mice.
  • HY-124290
    Carotegrast methyl

    AJM300

    Integrin Inflammation/Immunology
    Carotegrast methyl (AJM300) is an orally active and selective α4 integrin antagonist. HCA2969, an active metabolite of Carotegrast methyl, is a specific and dual α4β1/α4β7 integrin antagonist. Carotegrast methyl prevents the development of colitis in mice.
  • HY-N0507
    Rosavin

    Others Neurological Disease
    Rosavin is isolated from R. rosea, Rosavin shows antidepressant-like, adaptogenic, anxiolytic-like effects in mice model.
  • HY-107818
    4-Hydroxychalcone

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    4-Hydroxychalcone is a chalcone metabolite with anti-angiogenic and anti-inflammatory activities. 4-Hydroxychalcone suppresses angiogenesis by suppression of growth factor pathway with no signs of cytotoxicity. 4-Hydroxychalcone inhibits TNF-α induced NF-κB pathway activation and activates BMP signaling, reduces resistant hypertension (RH) by attenuating hyperaldosteronism and renal injury in mice.
  • HY-108497A
    L-803087 TFA

    Somatostatin Receptor Cancer Neurological Disease
    L-803087 TFA is a potent and selective somatostatin sst4 receptor agonist with a Ki of 0.7 nM. L-803087 TFA is >280-fold more selective for sst4 receptor than other somatostatin receptors. L-803087 TFA facilitates AMPA-mediated hippocampal synaptic responses in vitro and increases kainate-induced seizures in mice.
  • HY-115996
    Antitumor agent-51

    Others Cancer
    Antitumor agent-51 possesses potent and selective inhibitory for osteosarcoma cell growth and migration with IC50 of 21.9 nM in MNNG/HOS cells. Antitumor agent-51 has a considerable bioavailability and a low toxicity.
  • HY-139667
    PKM2-IN-3

    Pyruvate Kinase Neurological Disease
    PKM2-IN-3 is an inhibitor of PKM2 kinase with an IC50 value of 4.1 μM. PKM2-IN-3 exhibits an anti-neuroinflammatory effect by inhibiting PKM2-mediated glycolysis and NLRP3 activation.
  • HY-144899
    ASR-490

    Notch Cancer
    ASR-490 reduces the viability of HCT116 and SW620 cells by downregulating Notch1 signaling. ASR-490 overcomes Notch1 overexpression and inhibits the growth of HCT/Notch1 transfectants. ASR-490 inhibits the tumor growth in control (pCMV/HCT116) and Notch1/HCT116 in xenotransplanted mice.
  • HY-134901
    WM-3835

    Histone Acetyltransferase Apoptosis Cancer
    WM-3835 is a potent and high-specific HBO1 (KAT7 or MYST2) inhibitor and binds directly to the acetyl-CoA binding site of HBO1 33. WM-3835 activates apoptosis while inhibits osteosarcoma (OS) cell proliferation, migration and invasion. WM-3835 has antitumor activity and potently inhibits pOS-1 xenograft growth in mice.
  • HY-145119
    GS-621763

    SARS-CoV Infection
    GS-621763, an orally bioavailable prodrug of GS-441524, shows antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis in mice.
  • HY-145313
    TTBK1-IN-2

    Others Neurological Disease
    TTBK1-IN-2 (compound 29) is a potent Tau-Tubulin kinase (TTBK1) inhibitor with IC50s of 0.24 and 4.22 µM, respectively. TTBK1-IN-2 reveals good brain penetration in vivo and is able to reduce TDP-43 phosphorylation not only in cell cultures but also in the spinal cord of transgenic TDP-43 mice.
  • HY-103017A
    JH-X-119-01

    IRAK Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    JH-X-119-01 is a potent and selective interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinases 1 (IRAK1) inhibitor. JH-X-119-01 ameliorates LPS-induced sepsis in mice. JH-X-119-01 inhibits IRAK1 biochemically with an apparent IC50 of 9 nM while exhibiting no inhibition of IRAK4 at concentrations up to 10 μM.
  • HY-P1302
    Orphanin FQ(1-11)

    Opioid Receptor Neurological Disease
    Orphanin FQ(1-11), a orphanin FQ or nociceptin (OFQ/N) fragment, is a potent NOP receptor (ORL-1; OP4) agonist, with a Ki of 55 nM. Orphanin FQ(1-11) has no affinity for μ, δ, κ1 and κ3 receptors (Ki>1000 nM). Orphanin FQ(1-11) is analgesic in CD-1 mice.
  • HY-100384
    NKL 22

    HDAC Neurological Disease
    NKL 22 (compound 4b) is a potent and selective inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDAC), with an IC50 of 199 and 69 nM for HDAC1 and HDAC3, respectively. NKL 22 exhibits selectivity over HDAC2/4/5/7/8 (IC50≥1.59 μM). NKL 22 ameliorates the disease phenotype and transcriptional abnormalities in Huntington's disease transgenic mice.
  • HY-P1259
    PR-39

    Proteasome Bacterial Inflammation/Immunology
    PR-39, a natural proline- and arginine-rich antibacterial peptide, is a noncompetitive, reversible and allosteric proteasome inhibitor. PR-39 reversibly binds to the α7 subunit of the proteasome and blocks degradation of NF-κB inhibitor IκBα by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. PR-39 stimulates angiogenesis, inhibits inflammatory responses and significant reduces myocardial infarct size in mice.
  • HY-P1726A
    MSG606 TFA

    Melanocortin Receptor
    MSG606 TFA is a potent human MC1 receptor antagonist (IC50=17 nM). MSG606 TFA also partial agonist at human MC3 and MC5 receptors (EC50 values are 59 and 1300 nM, respectively). MSG606 TFA exhibits binding affinity for A375 melanoma cells in vitro. MSG606 TFA reverses morphine-induced hyperalgesia in female mice, with no effect in male mice.
  • HY-11053
    S 24795

    nAChR Neurological Disease
    S 24795 is a partial agonist of α7 nAChR and improves mnemonic function in aged mice for the treatment of aging-related memory disturbances.
  • HY-144231
    SIK1 activator 1

    Others Metabolic Disease
    SIK1 activator 1 exhibited remarkable inhibitory activity on hepatic gluconeogenesis by enhancing the SIK1 phosphorylation and ameliorated the hyperglyceamia of type 2 diabetic mice.
  • HY-141896
    RET-IN-7

    RET Cancer
    RET-IN-7 demonstrates potent in vitro RET kinase inhibition and robust in vivo efficacy in RET-driven tumor xenografts upon multiday dosing in mice.
  • HY-115681
    (2R/S)-6-PNG

    6-Prenylnaringenin

    Calcium Channel Neurological Disease
    (2R/S)-6-PNG (6-Prenylnaringenin) is a potent and reversible Cav3.2 T-type Ca 2+ channels (T-channels) blocker. (2R/S)-6-PNG can penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB). (2R/S)-6-PNG suppresses neuropathic and visceral pain in mice.
  • HY-B1640
    Ethacrynic acid

    Etacrynic acid

    Gutathione S-transferase NF-κB Calcium Channel Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Ethacrynic acid (Etacrynic acid) is a diuretic. Ethacrynic acid is an inhibitor of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs). Ethacrynic acid is a potent inhibitor of NF-kB-signaling pathway, and also modulates leukotriene formation. Ethacrynic acid also inhibits L-type voltage-dependent and store-operated calcium channel, leading to relaxation of airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells. Ethacrynic acid has anti-inflammatory properties that reduces the retinoid-induced ear edema in mice.
  • HY-N2787
    8-​Prenylnaringenin

    Apoptosis Cancer
    8-prenylnaringenin is a prenylflavonoid isolated from hop cones (Humulus lupulus), with cytotoxicity. 8-prenylnaringenin has anti-proliferative activity against HCT-116 colon cancer cells via induction of intrinsic and extrinsic pathway-mediated apoptosis. 8-Prenylnaringenin also promotes recovery from immobilization-induced disuse muscle atrophy through activation of the Akt phosphorylation pathway in mice .
  • HY-16048
    Apaziquone

    EO-9; NSC 382 459

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Apaziquone (EO-9), an analog of Mitomycin C, is a prodrug that is activated to DNA damaging species by oxidoreductases (particularly NQO1). Apaziquone has the ability to kill aerobic and/or hypoxic cancer cells. Apaziquone, a bioreductive alkylating agent, inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. Apaziquone significantly reduces oral tumor xenograft volume in immunocompromised NOD/SCID/Crl mice.
  • HY-P1259A
    PR-39 TFA

    Proteasome Bacterial Inflammation/Immunology
    PR-39 TFA, a natural proline- and arginine-rich antibacterial peptide, is a noncompetitive, reversible and allosteric proteasome inhibitor. PR-39 TFAreversibly binds to the α7 subunit of the proteasome and blocks degradation of NF-κB inhibitor IκBα by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. PR-39 TFA stimulates angiogenesis, inhibits inflammatory responses and significant reduces myocardial infarct size in mice.
  • HY-139844
    Anti-inflammatory agent 7

    p38 MAPK NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    Anti-inflammatory agent 7 inhibits proinflammatory cytokines by blocking the NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathway in LPS-treated RAW 264.7 cells as well as mice.
  • HY-146715
    IDO/Tubulin-IN-2

    Microtubule/Tubulin Apoptosis Cancer
    IDO/Tubulin-IN-2 (HT2) is a potent TDO and tubulin inhibitor. IDO/Tubulin-IN-2 also shows potent activity against U87, HepG2, A549, HCT-116, and LO2 cancer cell lines, with IC50 values of 0.43, 0.036, 0.041, 0.095 and 1.04 μM, respectively. IDO/Tubulin-IN-2 remarkably promotes the antitumor activity.
  • HY-144786
    Tubulin polymerization-IN-4

    Microtubule/Tubulin Apoptosis Cancer
    Tubulin polymerization-IN-4 is a potent tubulin polymerization inhibitor with IC50 value of 4.6 μM. Tubulin polymerization-IN-4 can disrupt tubulin polymerization and vasculature, arrest the cell cycle at the G2/M phase, induce apoptosis, and suppress clonogenesis and migration in HeLa cells. Tubulin polymerization-IN-4 can be used for researching cervical cancer.
  • HY-108538
    Ethacrynic acid D5

    Gutathione S-transferase NF-κB Calcium Channel Inflammation/Immunology
    Ethacrynic acid D5 is a deuterium labeled Ethacrynic acid. Ethacrynic acid is a diuretic. Ethacrynic acid is an inhibitor of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs). Ethacrynic acid is a potent inhibitor of NF-kB-signaling pathway, and also modulates leukotriene formation. Ethacrynic acid also inhibits L-type voltage-dependent and store-operated calcium channel, leading to relaxation of airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells. Ethacrynic acid has anti-inflammatory properties that reduces the retinoid-induced ear edema in mice.
  • HY-103177
    PSB-10 hydrochloride

    Adenosine Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    PSB-10 hydrochloride is a potent and selective antagonist of human adenosine A3 receptor (A3AR), with a Ki of 0.44 nM. PSB-10 hydrochloride shows more than 800-fold selectivity for hA3 over rA1, rA2A, hA1, hA2A and hA2B receptors (Ki=805, 6040, 1700, 2700, 30000 nM, respectively). PSB-10 hydrochloride produces thermal hyperalgesia in mice.
  • HY-B1941
    4-tert-Octylphenol

    Endogenous Metabolite Apoptosis Endocrinology Neurological Disease
    4-tert-Octylphenol, a endocrine-disrupting chemical, is an estrogenic drug. 4-tert-Octylphenol induces apoptosis in neuronal progenitor cells in offspring mouse brain. 4-tert-Octylphenol reduces bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), mitotic marker Ki67, and phospho-histone H3 (p-Histone-H3), resulting in a reduction of neuronal progenitor proliferation. 4-tert-Octylphenol disrupts brain development and behavior in mice.
  • HY-P1302A
    Orphanin FQ(1-11) TFA

    Opioid Receptor Neurological Disease
    Orphanin FQ(1-11) TFA, a orphanin FQ or nociceptin (OFQ/N) fragment, is a potent NOP receptor (ORL-1; OP4) agonist, with a Ki of 55 nM. Orphanin FQ(1-11) TFA has no affinity for μ, δ, κ1 and κ3 receptors (Ki>1000 nM). Orphanin FQ(1-11) TFA is analgesic in CD-1 mice.
  • HY-N0594
    Deacetylasperulosidic Acid

    Interleukin Related Inflammation/Immunology
    Deacetylasperulosidic acid (DAA) is a major phytochemical constituent of Morinda citrifolia fruit. Deacetylasperulosidic acidhas antioxidant activity by increasing superoxide dismutase activity. Deacetylasperulosidic acid has anticlastogenic activity, suppressing the induction of chromosome aberrations in hamster ovary cells and mice. Deacetylasperulosidic acid prevents 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO) induced DNA damage in vitro, suppresses IL-2 production along with the activation of natural killer cells.
  • HY-10626
    T0901317

    LXR FXR ROR Apoptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    T0901317 is an orally active and highly selective LXR agonist with an EC50 of 20 nM for LXRα. T0901317 activates FXR with an EC50 of 5 μM. T0901317 is RORα and RORγ dual inverse agonist with Ki values of 132 nM and 51 nM, respectively. T0901317 induces apoptosis and inhibits the development of atherosclerosis in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-deficient mice.
  • HY-N3506
    Wilfortrine

    HIV Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Wilfortrine is a bioactive sesquiterpene alkaloid. Wilfortrine exhibits immunosuppresive effects. Wilfortrine also can inhibit leukaemia cell growth in mice and shows anti-HIV activity.
  • HY-145454
    (R)-Preclamol

    (+)-3-PPP

    Dopamine Receptor Neurological Disease
    (R)-Preclamol is a dopamine (DA) agonist with autoreceptor as well as postsynaptic receptor stimulatory properties. (R)-Preclamol inhibits the locomotor activity of mice and rats in low doses.
  • HY-N0541
    Pseudoginsenoside F11

    Ginsenoside A1

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Pseudoginsenoside F11 (Ginsenoside A1), a component of Panax quinquefolium (American ginseng), has been demonstrated to antagonize the learning and memory deficits induced by scopolamine, morphine and methamphetamine in mice.
  • HY-101029
    MBM-55

    Apoptosis Cancer
    MBM-55 is a potent NIMA-related kinase 2 (Nek2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 1 nM. MBM-55 shows a 20-fold or greater selectivity in most kinases with the exception of RSK1 (IC50=5.4 nM) and DYRK1a (IC50=6.5 nM). MBM-55 effectively inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. MBM-55 shows antitumor activities, and no obvious toxicity to mice.
  • HY-145628
    CM398

    Sigma Receptor Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    CM398 is a highly selective, orally active sigma-2 receptor ligand (Ki=0.43 nM), with high sigma-1/sigma-2 selectivity rato (1000-fold). CM398 shows notable affinity for dopamine (Ki=32.90 nM) and serotonin transporters (Ki=244.2 nM). CM398 shows promising anti-inflammatory analgesic effects in the formalin model of inflammatory pain in mice.
  • HY-N1441
    Afzelin

    Kaempferol-3-O-rhamnoside

    Mitochondrial Metabolism PTEN Bacterial Autophagy Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Afzelin (Kaempferol-3-O-rhamnoside) is is a flavonol glycoside found in Houttuynia cordata Thunberg and is widely used in the preparation of antibacterial and antipyretic agents, detoxicants and for the treatment of inflammation. Afzelin attenuates the mitochondrial damage, enhances mitochondrial biogenesis and decreases the level of mitophagy-related proteins, parkin and PTEN-induced putative kinase 1. Afzelin improves the survival rate and reduces the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase and pro-inflammatory cytokines in D-galactosamine (GalN)/LPS -treated mice.
  • HY-N6774
    Cytochalasin C

    Others Infection
    Cytochalasin C is a cell-permeable fungal toxin and induces the formation of nuclear rodlets. Cytochalasin C is 10 times less toxic in mice than is cytochalasin D.
  • HY-12246
    XEN445

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    XEN445 is a potent and selective EL inhibitor(IC50=0.237 uM), that showed good ADME and PK properties, and demonstrated in vivo efficacy in raising plasma HDLc concentrations in mice.
  • HY-106382
    PMEDAP

    HIV CMV Cancer Infection
    PMEDAP is a potent inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication. PMEDAP has anti-murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) activity. PMEDAP is a very potent inhibitor of Moloney murine sarcoma virus (MSV)-induced tumor formation and associated mortality.
  • HY-106817
    Amitivir

    LY 217896

    Influenza Virus Infection
    Amitivir (LY 217896), a thiadiazole derivative, possesses broad antiviral activity against orthomyxo- and paramyxoviruses. Amitivir is effective against influenza A and B viruses.
  • HY-10081
    GS-6201

    CVT-6883

    Adenosine Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    GS-6201 (CVT-6883) is a selective adenosine A2B receptor antagonist. GS-6201 displays high affinity and selectivity for the human adenosine A2B receptors (Ki=22 nM). GS-6201 reduces caspase-1 activity in the heart, and attenuates cardiac remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the mouse. GS-62013 attenuates the airway reactivity induced by NECA, AMP, or allergen in sensitized mice.
  • HY-111754
    DMX-5804

    MAP4K Cardiovascular Disease
    DMX-5804 is a potent, orally active and selective MAP4K4 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 3 nM, a pIC50 of 8.55 for human MAP4K4, less potent on MINK1/MAP4K6 (pIC50, 8.18), and TNIK/MAP4K7 (pIC50, 7.96). DMX-5804 enhances cardiomyocyte survival, and reduces ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice.
  • HY-136522
    S2116

    Histone Demethylase Apoptosis Cancer
    S2116, a N-alkylated tranylcypromine (TCP) derivative, is a potent lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) inhibitor. S2116 increases H3K9 methylation and reciprocal H3K27 deacetylation at super-enhancer regions. S2116 induces apoptosis in TCP-resistant T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cells by repressing transcription of the NOTCH3 and TAL1 genes. S2116 significantly retardes the growth of T-ALL cells in xenotransplanted mice.
  • HY-117081
    C30(ω-hydroxy) Ceramide (d18:1/30:0)

    Others Others
    C30(ω-hydroxy) Ceramide (d18:1/30:0), a sphingolipid, is an epidermis-specifically vital component of the water barrier in mammalian skin. C30(ω-hydroxy) Ceramide (d18:1/30:0) is expressed in epidermal keratinocytes and male germ cells during their differentiation and maturation. C30(ω-hydroxy) Ceramide (d18:1/30:0) deficiency in the epiderm of Elovl4 deletion or mutation mice.
  • HY-B0860
    Diuron

    Others Cancer
    Diuron is a phenylurea herbicide that inhibits photosynthesis by preventing the formation of ATP and NADH. Diuron (2,500 ppm, dietary) increases the incidence of urinary bladder urothelial carcinomas in male and female mice by 73 and 27%, respectively.
  • HY-113212
    Ursocholic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Ursocholic acid, a bile acid found predominantly in bile of mammals, is transformed into deoxycholic acid by the intestinal microflora in mice. Ursodeoxycholic acid is an inhibitor of 7α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and hepatocyte nuclear factor 1α.
  • HY-N0478
    Neoline

    Bullatine B

    Others Neurological Disease
    Neoline, the active ingredient of processed aconite root (PA), alleviated oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy in mice. Neoline can be used as a marker compound to determine the quality of the PA products for the treatment of neuropathic pain.
  • HY-145265
    Antimicrobial photosensitizer-1

    Bacterial Infection
    Antimicrobial photosensitizer-1 is a promising candidate as the antimicrobial photosensitizer for combating pathogenic microorganism infections. Antimicrobial photosensitizer-1 exhibits an impressive antimicrobial efficacy in S. aureus-infected mice wounds.
  • HY-101029A
    MBM-55S

    Ribosomal S6 Kinase (RSK) DYRK Apoptosis Cancer
    MBM-55S is a potent NIMA-related kinase 2 (Nek2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 1 nM. MBM-55S shows a 20-fold or greater selectivity in most kinases with the exception of RSK1 (IC50=5.4 nM) and DYRK1a (IC50=6.5 nM). MBM-55S effectively inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. MBM-55S shows antitumor activities, and no obvious toxicity to mice.
  • HY-101194
    Tin-protoporphyrin IX

    SnPPIX; Stannous protoporphyrin IX

    Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer
    Tin-protoporphyrin IX (SnPPIX) is a potent Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inhibitor. Tin-protoporphyrin IX (SnPPIX) sensitizes pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tumors to chemotherapy in mice model.
  • HY-12124
    BBS-4

    NO Synthase Cardiovascular Disease
    BBS-4 is a potent and selective inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) dimerization inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.49 nM. BBS-4 can protect mice from the cardiovascular dysfunction of sepsis.
  • HY-108521
    HX531

    RAR/RXR Metabolic Disease
    HX531 is a potent RXR antagonist with an IC50 of 18 nM. It has been shown to reduce triglyceride content in white adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, and the liver of mice on a high fat diet.
  • HY-B0534
    Moclobemide

    Ro111163

    Monoamine Oxidase Neurological Disease
    Moclobemide (Ro111163) is a brain-penetrant and reversible monoamine oxidase (MAO-A) inhibitor with an IC50 of 6.061 μM for hMAO-A.Moclobemide up-regulates proliferation of hippocampal progenitor cells in chronically stressed mice.
  • HY-N9510
    Miroestrol

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Cancer Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Miroestrol is a highly active phytoestrogen. Miroestrol can produce mammogenic effect. Miroestrol exhibits bone loss prevention and neuroprotective in ovariectomized mice. Miroestrol also can reduce cancer risk.
  • HY-N0840
    Bruceantin

    (-)-Bruceantin; NCI165563; NSC165563

    Others Cancer
    Bruceantin(NSC165563) is first isolated from Brucea antidysenterica, a tree used in Ethiopia for the treatment of cancer, and activity was observed against B16 melanoma, colon 38, and L1210 and P388 leukemia in mice.
  • HY-133887
    Methotrexate α-tert-butyl ester

    Antifolate DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    Methotrexate α-tert-butyl ester, capped by OtBu, significantly reduces tumor growth in HT1080 tumor bearing mice. Methotrexate is an antimetabolite and antifolate agent and is also an immunosuppressant and antineoplastic agent.
  • HY-N1570
    Pterosin B

    Salt-inducible Kinase (SIK) Inflammation/Immunology
    Pterosin B, a indanone found in bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum), is an inhibitor of salt-inducible kinase 3 (Sik3) signaling. Pterosin B prevents chondrocyte hypertrophy and osteoarthritis in mice by inhibiting Sik3.
  • HY-144232
    Anticancer agent 28

    Others Cancer
    Anticancer agent 28 showed good antitumor activity in H22 allogeneic mice in vivo. Its potency in K562 cells was 50 times that of oridonin, and its < b > IC < sub > 50 < / sub > < / b > value was 0.09 μ M。
  • HY-N0031
    Plantamajoside

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Plantamajoside is a phenylpropanoid glycoside isolated from Plantago asiatica L.(Plantaginaceae). Plantamajoside has protective effects on LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI) mice model. Plantamajoside has the potential for the treatment of pulmonary inflammation.
  • HY-N3312
    Matairesinol

    Endogenous Metabolite Others Infection
    Matairesinol confers anti-allergic effects in an allergic dermatitis mouse model. DfE-induced changes in IL-4 and IFN-γ mRNA expression in the ears of NC/Nga mice were reversed by matairesinol application.
  • HY-111320
    Chrysomycin B

    Bacterial Antibiotic Cancer
    Chrysomycin B is an antibiotic isolated from a strain of Streptomyces. Chrysomycin B causes DNA damage in the human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line and inhibits topoisomerase II. Chrysomycin B suppresses the growth of transplantable tumors in mice.
  • HY-117427
    D5D-IN-326

    Others Metabolic Disease
    D5D-IN-326 is a selective, orally active delta-5 desaturase (D5D) inhibitor, with IC50s of 72 and 22 nM for rat and human D5D in enzymic and cell-based assays, respectively, has no effect on D6D or D9D activity. D5D-IN-326 reduces insulin resistance and decreases body weight in diet-induced obese C57BL/6J mice.
  • HY-120000
    MS402

    Epigenetic Reader Domain Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    MS402 is a BD1-selective BET BrD inhibitor with Kis of 77 nM, 718 nM, 110 nM, 200 nM, 83 nM, and 240 nM for BRD4(BD1), BRD4(BD2), BRD3(BD1), BRD3(BD2), BRD2(BD1) and BRD2(BD2), respectively. MS402 blocks Th17 cell differentiation and ameliorates colitis in mice.
  • HY-121035
    7BIO

    7-Bromoindirubin-3-Oxime

    CDK GSK-3 Neurological Disease
    7BIO (7-Bromoindirubin-3-Oxime) is the derivate of indirubin. 7BIO (7-Bromoindirubin-3-Oxime) has inhibitory effects against cyclin-dependent kinase-5 (CDK5) and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β). 7BIO (7-Bromoindirubin-3-Oxime) inhibits Aβ oligomer-induced neuroinflammation, synaptic impairments, tau hyper-phosphorylation, activation of astrocytes and microglia, and attenuates Aβ oligomer-induced cognitive impairments in mice[1].
  • HY-100839
    (RS)-(Tetrazol-5-yl)glycine

    D,L-(tetrazol-5-yl)glycine; LY 285265

    iGluR Neurological Disease
    (RS)-(Tetrazol-5-yl)glycine (D,L-(tetrazol-5-yl)glycine) is a highly potent and selective N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist. (RS)-(Tetrazol-5-yl)glycine has EC50s of 99 nM, 1.7 μM for GluN1/GluN2D and GluN1/GluN2A, respectively. (RS)-(Tetrazol-5-yl)glycine induces seizure responses and Fos in mice.
  • HY-145147
    AAA-10

    Bacterial Infection
    AAA-10 is an orally active gut bacterial bile salt hydrolases (BSH) inhibitor, with IC50s of 10 nM, 80 nM against B. theta rBSH and B. longum rBSH respectively.
  • HY-110303
    Xanthine amine congener dihydrochloride

    XAC dihydrochloride

    Adenosine Receptor Neurological Disease
    Xanthine amine congener dihydrochloride (XAC dihydrochloride) is a potent Adenosine A1 receptor and A2 receptor antagonist with IC50 values of 1.8 and 114 nM, respectively. Xanthine amine congener acts as a convulsant agent in mice model.
  • HY-124322
    NB-360

    Beta-secretase Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    NB-360 is a potent, brain penetrable, and orally bioavailable dual BACE1/BACE2 inhibitor (IC50: mouse and human BACE1=5 nM; BACE2=6 nM). NB-360 shows a superior pharmacological profile and robust reduction of amyloid-β and neuroinflammation in amyloid precursor protein(APP) transgenic mice. NB-360 can completely block the progression of Aβ deposition in the brains of APP transgenic mice. NB-360 shows excellent selectivity over the related aspartyl proteases pepsin, cathepsin D and cathepsin E.
  • HY-145774
    PD-1/PD-L1-IN-23

    PD-1/PD-L1 Cancer
    PD-1/PD-L1-IN-23 is a potent and orally active inhibitor of PD-1/PD-L1. PD-1/PD-L1-IN-23 is an ester prodrug of L7. L7 is a benzo[c][1,2,5]oxadiazole derivative and biologically evaluated as inhibitors of PD-L1. PD-1/PD-L1-IN-23 displays significant antitumor effects in tumor models of syngeneic and PD-L1 humanized mice.
  • HY-N3015
    Bruceine E

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Bruceine E is a quassinoid from seeds of Brucea javanica (L.) Merr, exhibiting hypoglycemia effect. Bruceine E exhibits blood glucose lowering effect in both nondiabetic mice and Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats at lower dose.
  • HY-135042
    CAY10614

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Neurological Disease
    CAY10614 is a potent TLR4 antagonist. CAY10614 inhibits the lipid A-induced activation of TLR4, with an IC50 of 1.675 μM. CAY10614 can improve survival of mice in lethal endotoxin shock model.
  • HY-B2194
    γ-Oryzanol

    DNA Methyltransferase Metabolic Disease Cancer
    γ-Oryzanol is a potent DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) inhibitor in the striatum of mice. γ-Oryzanol significantly inhibits the activities of DNMT1 (IC50=3.2 μM), DNMT3a (IC50=22.3 μM).
  • HY-P1149
    Epitalon

    Epithalon; Epithalamin

    Telomerase Cancer Neurological Disease
    Epitalon is an anti-aging agent and a telomerase activator. Epitalon has an inhibitory effect of the on the development of spontaneous tumors in mice, has geroprotective actions and intranasal administration increases neuronal activity. Epitalon can be used for cancer, old age and Retinitis Pigmentosa.
  • HY-10080
    Teglarinad chloride

    GMX1777; EB-1627

    NAMPT Cancer
    Teglarinad chloride (GMX1777) is a prodrug of GMX1778 (a nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase inhibitor). Teglarinad chloride exhibits antitumor activity in mice can be attributed to inhibition of NAMPT. Teglarinad chloride also enhances radiation efficacy, mediated by interference with DNA repair and antiangiogenesis.
  • HY-108234
    VU 0255035

    VU 255035

    mAChR Neurological Disease
    VU 0255035 is a highly selective, competitive and brain penetrant muscarinic M1 receptor antagonist with an IC50 of 130 nM. VU 0255035 reduces pilocarpine-induced seizures in mice. VU0255035 is used to examine the role of the M1 receptor in diverse situations.
  • HY-14364
    A-987306

    Histamine Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    A-987306 is a potent and oral bioavailable histamine H4 antagonist, with Kis of 3.4 nM and 5.8 nM for rat H4, and human H4. A-987306 shows anti-inflammatory activity in mice peritonitis model.
  • HY-120813
    ARN 077

    URB913

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    ARN 077 is a potent and selective N-acylethanolamine acid amidase (NAAA) inhibitor with an IC50 of 7 nM for human NAAA. ARN 077 significantly increases palmitoyl ethanolamine (PEA) levels within the CNS and has broad antinociceptive activity in mice and rats.
  • HY-14393S
    Emodin-d4

    Frangula emodin-d4

    SARS-CoV Casein Kinase Autophagy Cancer
    Emodin-d4 (Frangula emodin-d4) is the deuterium labeled Emodin. Emodin (Frangula emodin), an anthraquinone derivative, is an anti-SARS-CoV compound. Emodin blocks the SARS coronavirus spike protein and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) interaction. Emodin inhibits casein kinase-2 (CK2). Anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects. Emodin is a potent selective 11β-HSD1 inhibitor with the IC50 of 186 and 86 nM for human and mouse 11β-HSD1, respectively. Emodin ameliorates metabolic disorder in diet-induced obese mice.
  • HY-N9536
    Cinnamtannin A2

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Cinnamtannin A2, a tetrameric procyanidin, can increases GLP-1 and insulin secretion in mice. Cinnamtannin A2 could upregulate the expression of corticotrophin releasing hormone. Cinnamtannin A2 exhibits antioxidant, anti-diabetic and nephroprotective effect.
  • HY-107734
    L 152804

    Neuropeptide Y Receptor Metabolic Disease Endocrinology
    L 152804 is an orally active and selective neuropeptide Y Y5 receptor (NPY5-R) antagonist, with a Ki of 26 nM for hY5. L 152804 causes weight loss in diet-induced obese mice by modulating food intake and energy expenditure.
  • HY-13513
    U-104

    SLC-0111

    Carbonic Anhydrase Cancer
    U-104 (SLC-0111) is a potent carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor for CA IX and CA XII with Ki values of 45.1 nM and 4.5 nM, respectively. U-104 shows a significant delay in tumor growth in mice model.
  • HY-N6608
    Physostigmine

    Eserine

    AChE Neurological Disease
    Physostigmine (Eserine) is a reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor. Physostigmine can crosses the blood-brain barrier and stimulates central cholinergic neurotransmission. Physostigmine can reverse memory deficits in transgenic mice with Alzheimer's disease. Physostigmine is also an antidote for anticholinergic poisoning.
  • HY-101954
    Inarigivir

    ORI-9020; SB-9000

    HBV Infection
    Inarigivir (ORI-9020) is a dinucleotide antiviral drug that can significantly reduce liver HBV DNA in transgenic mice expressing hepatitis B virus. Inarigivir (ORI-9020) act as a RIG-I agonist to activate cellular innate immune responses.
  • HY-P1149A
    Epitalon TFA

    Epithalon TFA; Epithalamin TFA

    Telomerase Cancer Neurological Disease
    Epitalon TFA is an anti-aging agent and a telomerase activator. Epitalon TFA has an inhibitory effect of the on the development of spontaneous tumors in mice, has geroprotective actions and intranasal administration increases neuronal activity. Epitalon TFA can be used for cancer, old age and Retinitis Pigmentosa.
  • HY-131034
    LP-922056

    Wnt Others
    LP-922056 is an orally active, highly potent Notum Pectinacetylesterase inhibitor with EC50s of 21 nM, 55 nM in human and mouse cellular assay, respectively. LP-922056 significantly increases midshaft femur cortical bone thickness in mice and rats.
  • HY-114962
    S-22153

    Melatonin Receptor Neurological Disease
    S-22153 is a potent melatonin receptor antagonist with EC50 values of 19 nM, 4.6 nM for hMT1 and hMT2 melatonin receptor, respectively. S-22153 has Ki values of 8.6 nM (CHO cells) and 16.3 nM (HEK cells) for hMT1, and 6.0 nM (CHO cells) and 8.2 nM (HEK cells) for hMT2. S-22153 is a specific ligand of MT1 and MT2 melatonin receptors subtypes.
  • HY-144372
    TRPV1 antagonist 3

    TRP Channel Neurological Disease
    TRPV1 antagonist 3 (Compound 7q) is a potent TRPV1 antagonist with an IC50 of 2.66 nM against capsaicin. TRPV1 antagonist 3 is mode-selective, oral bioavailable (F = 60%) and CNS-penetrant.
  • HY-137439
    Fanotaprim

    VYR-006

    Antifolate Infection
    Fanotaprim is a dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitor with IC50s of 1.57 and 308 nM for tgDHFR (Toxoplasma gondii DHFR) and hDHFR (human DHFR), respectively. Fanotaprim has the potential for the research of toxoplasmosis.
  • HY-137941
    Roxatidine

    Histamine Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    Roxatidine is an active metabolite of Roxatidine acetate hydrochloride, is a histamine H2-receptor antagonist. Roxatidine, an anti-ulcer agent, suppresses histamine release (thus inhibiting proton secretion) and inhibits the production of VEGF-1, an important marker of inflammation and angiogenesis. Anti-allergic inflammatory effect.
  • HY-N6020A
    (+)-Butin

    Others Others
    (+)-Butin is the R enantiomer of Butin. Butin is a major biologically active flavonoid isolated from the heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera, with strong antioxidant, antiplatelet and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-15340
    LG100268

    LG268

    RAR/RXR Autophagy Metabolic Disease
    LG100268 (LG268) is a potent, selective and orally active retinoid X receptor (RXR) agonist with EC50 values of 4 nM, 3 nM, and 4 nM for RXR-α, RXR-β, and RXR-γ, respectively. LG100268 displays >1000-fold selectivity for RXR over RAR, the Ki values are 3.4 nM, 6.2 nM and 9.2 nM for RXR-α, RXR-β, and RXR-γ, respectively. LG100268 activates RXR homodimers to induce transcriptional activation. LG100268 can be used for the study of lung carcinogenesisy.
  • HY-145147A
    AAA-10 formic

    Bacterial Infection
    AAA-10 formic is an orally active gut bacterial bile salt hydrolases (BSH) inhibitor, with IC50s of 10 nM, 80 nM against B. theta rBSH and B. longum rBSH, respectively.
  • HY-146615
    Axl-IN-6

    TAM Receptor Cancer
    Axl-IN-6 (compound 14) is an orally active and potent AXL inhibitor. Axl-IN-6 is well tolerated and significantly inhibits the tumor growth in MV-4-11 subcutaneous xenograft model.
  • HY-14674
    CP-724714

    EGFR Apoptosis Cancer
    CP-724714 is a potent, selective and orally active ErbB2 (HER2) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, with an IC50 of 10 nM. CP-724714 displays a marked selectivity against EGFR kinase (IC50=6400 nM). CP-724714 potently inhibits ErbB2 receptor autophosphorylation in intact cells. Antitumor activities.
  • HY-N3312S
    Matairesinol-d6

    Endogenous Metabolite Infection
    Matairesinol-d6 is the deuterium labeled Matairesinol. Matairesinol confers anti-allergic effects in an allergic dermatitis mouse model. DfE-induced changes in IL-4 and IFN-γ mRNA expression in the ears of NC/Nga mice were reversed by matairesinol application.
  • HY-N0702
    Tenuifolin

    Beta-secretase AChE Neurological Disease
    Tenuifolin is a triterpene isolated from Polygala tenuifolia Willd, has neuroprotective effects. Tenuifolin reduces Aβ secretion by inhibiting β-secretase. Tenuifolin improves learning and memory in aged mice by decreasing AChE activity and has the potential for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) treatment.
  • HY-109120
    Odevixibat

    A4250

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Odevixibat (A4250) is a potent, selective and orally active inhibitor of the ileal bile acid transporter (IBAT). Odevixibat (A4250)decreases cholestatic liver and bile duct injury in mice model. Odevixibat (A4250) has the potential for the treatment of primary biliary cirrhosis.
  • HY-N0592
    Demethyleneberberine

    NF-κB AMPK Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Demethyleneberberine is a natural mitochondria-targeted antioxidant. Demethyleneberberine alleviates mice colitis and inhibits the inflammatory responses by inhibiting NF-κB pathway and regulating the balance of Th cells. Demethyleneberberine could serve as a AMPK activator for treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
  • HY-N6857
    Armepavine

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    Armepavine, an active compound from Nelumbo nucifera, exerts not only anti-inflammatory effects on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, but also immunosuppressive effects on T lymphocytes and on lupus nephritic mice. Armepavine inhibits TNF-α-induced MAPK and NF-κB signaling cascades.
  • HY-P2251
    T-peptide

    HIV Microtubule/Tubulin Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    T-peptide, a Tuftsin analog, can be used for the research of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. T-peptide prevents cellular immunosuppression and improves survival rate in septic mice. T-peptide also can inhibit the growth of residual tumor cells after surgical resection.
  • HY-124713
    ML372

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Neurological Disease
    ML372 inhibits survival motor neuron (SMN) protein ubiquitination, increases SMN protein stability without affecting mRNA expression. ML372 improves spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in mice. ML372 is brain penetrant and has a reasonable exposure and half-life in vivo.
  • HY-N7272
    Cirsimarin

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Metabolic Disease
    Cirsimarin is a potent antilipogenic flavonoid isolated from Microtea debilis. Cirsimarin exerts potent antilipogenic effect and decreases adipose tissue deposition in mice. The lipolytic activity of Cirsimarin resulting from both its antagonist activity on adenosin A1 receptor and its inhibitory effect on phosphodiesterase.
  • HY-144361
    Antitumor agent-44

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Antitumor agent-44 (Compound 5n) disrupts the mitochondrial homeostasis, induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human adenocarcinoma cells. Antitumor agent-44 (Compound 5n) possesses good anti-tumor activity in a lung-cancer-cell xenograft mice model.
  • HY-145690
    HP1328

    FLT3 Cancer
    HP1328 is a potent inhibitor of FLT3 receptor tyrosine kinase (FLT3/ITD mutation). HP1328 is a benzoimidazole scaffold-based compound. HP1328 significantly reduces the leukemia burden and prolongs the survival of mice with FLT3/ITD leukemia.
  • HY-120110
    IOX4

    HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    IOX4 is a selective HIF prolyl-hydroxylase 2 (PHD2) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 1.6 nM, induces HIFα in cells and in wildtype mice with marked induction in the brain tissue. IOX4 competes with and displaces 2-oxoglutarate (2OG) at the active site of PHD2.
  • HY-N0401A
    (Z)-Ligustilide

    Bacterial Infection Metabolic Disease
    (Z)-Ligustilide is extracted from Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort, has antimicrobial and antifungal activity, exhibits an average antifungal score of 5.6. (Z)-Ligustilide inhibits the expression of FATP5 and DGAT, inhibits fatty acid uptake and esterification in mice and has potential as therapeutics for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) .
  • HY-B1266
    Physostigmine salicylate

    Eserine salicylate

    AChE Neurological Disease
    Physostigmine salicylate (Eserine salicylate) is a reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor. Physostigmine salicylate crosses the blood-brain barrier and stimulates central cholinergic neurotransmission. Physostigmine salicylate can reverse memory deficits in transgenic mice with Alzheimer's disease. Physostigmine salicylate is also an antidote for anticholinergic poisoning.
  • HY-124373
    ND-336

    MMP Metabolic Disease
    ND-336 is a selective inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, and MMP-14, with Kis of 85, 150, and 120 nM, respectively. ND-336 accelerates diabetic wound healing in mice by lowering inflammation and by enhancing angiogenesis and re-epithelialization of the wound.
  • HY-145829
    Tofacitinib Prodrug-1

    JAK Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Tofacitinib Prodrug-1 is an effective and oral active prodrug to mitigate the systemic adverse effects of Tofacitinib. Tofacitinib Prodrug-1 can effectively attenuate the oxazolone-induced colitis in mice model with low toxicity. Tofacitinib Prodrug-1 is a potential drug candidate for the treatment of ulcerative colitis.
  • HY-W008610
    GBR 12783

    Dopamine Receptor Neurological Disease
    GBR 12783 is a specific, potent and selective dopamine uptake inhibitor that inhibits the [ 3H]dopamine uptake by rat and mice striatal synaptosomes with IC50s of 1.8 nM and 1.2 nM, respectively. GBR 12783 can improve memory performance and increase hippocampal acetylcholine release in rats.
  • HY-124717
    YC-001

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    YC-001 is an inverse agonist and antagonist of rod opsin. YC-001 reversibly binds rod opsin and stabilizes the rod opsin structure. YC-001 protects mice from bright light-induced retinal degeneration. YC-001 has the potential for the research of retinal degeneration.
  • HY-101064
    Fmoc-leucine

    N-FMOC-leucine; NPC 15199; NSC 334290

    PPAR Metabolic Disease
    Fmoc-leucine is a selective PPARγ modulator. Fmoc-leucine activates PPARγ with a lower potency but a similar maximal efficacy than rosiglitazone. Fmoc-leucine improves insulin sensitivity in normal, diet-induced glucose-intolerant, and in diabetic db/db mice. Fmoc-leucine has a lower adipogenic activity.
  • HY-N2320
    Physostigmine hemisulfate

    Eserine hemisulfate

    AChE Neurological Disease
    Physostigmine hemisulfate (Eserine hemisulfate) is a reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor. Physostigmine hemisulfate can crosses the blood-brain barrier and stimulates central cholinergic neurotransmission. Physostigmine hemisulfate can reverse memory deficits in transgenic mice with Alzheimer's disease. Physostigmine hemisulfate is also an antidote for anticholinergic poisoning.
  • HY-100968
    GBR 12783 dihydrochloride

    Dopamine Receptor Neurological Disease
    GBR 12783 dihydrochloride is a specific, potent and selective dopamine uptake inhibitor that inhibits the [ 3H]dopamine uptake by rat and mice striatal synaptosomes with IC50s of 1.8 nM and 1.2 nM, respectively. GBR 12783 dihydrochloride can improve memory performance and increase hippocampal acetylcholine release in rats.
  • HY-112205
    RR-11a

    Others Cancer
    RR-11a is a synthetic enzyme inhibitor of Legumain (IC50=31-55 nM). RR-11a can be used for the research of cancer and acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
  • HY-141644
    PY-60

    YAP Inflammation/Immunology
    PY-60 is a robust and specific activator of YAP transcriptional activity that targets annexin A2 (ANXA2) with a Kd of 1.4 µM. PY-60 directly binds to ANXA2 and antagonizes its normal cellular function of repressing YAP activity.
  • HY-136220A
    AHR antagonist 5 hemimaleate

    Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Cancer
    AHR antagonist 5 hemimaleate, a potent and orally active aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) antagonist, has an IC50 of < 0.5 µΜ. AHR antagonist 5 hemimaleate significantly inhibits tumor growth combined with checkpoint inhibitor anti-PD-1 (WO2018195397, example 39).
  • HY-145812
    CRK12-IN-1

    Parasite Infection
    CRK12-IN-1 is a potent CRK12 inhibitor. CRK12-IN-1 is extremely potent against T.b. brucei and rapidly cytocidal, as well as equally potent against T. congolense and T. vivax (EC50 of 1.3 and 18 nM, respectively).
  • HY-A0106
    (S)-(-)-Levamisole

    Levamisole; L-Tetramisole; Levamisol

    nAChR Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    (S)-(-)-Levamisole (Levamisole), an anthelmintic agent with immunomodulatory properties. (S)-(-)-Levamisole acts as a positive allosteric modulator (PAM) for the α3β2 (EC50=300 μM) and α3β4 (EC50=100 μM) subtype of nAChRs. Orally active.
  • HY-132231
    FD223

    PI3K Apoptosis Cancer
    FD223 is a potent and selective phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta (PI3Kδ) inhibitor. FD223 displays high potency (IC50=1 nM) and good selectivity over other isoforms (IC50s of 51 nM, 29 nM and 37 nM, respectively for α, β and γ). FD223 exhibits efficient inhibition of the proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines by suppressing p-AKT Ser473 thus causing G1 phase arrest during the cell cycle. FD223 has potential for the research of leukemia such as AML.
  • HY-114311
    FGFR1/DDR2 inhibitor 1

    FGFR Discoidin Domain Receptor Cancer
    FGFR1/DDR2 inhibitor 1 is an orally active inhibitor of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) and discoindin domain receptor 2 (DDR2), with IC50 values of 31.1 nM and 3.2 nM, respectively. Antitumor activity.
  • HY-115762
    4-Hydroxytryptamine creatinine sulfate

    Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    4-Hydroxytryptamine creatinine sulfate, a tryptamine derivative, is a neurotransmitter agonist.
  • HY-136220
    AHR antagonist 5

    Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Cancer
    AHR antagonist 5, a potent and orally active aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) antagonist extracted from patent WO2018195397, example 39, has an IC50 of < 0.5 µΜ. AHR antagonist 5 significantly inhibits tumor growth combined with checkpoint inhibitor anti-PD-1.
  • HY-W015828
    RGX-202

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    RGX-202 is an oral small-molecule SLC6A8 transporter inhibitor. RGX-202 robustly inhibits creatine import in vitro and in vivo, reduces intracellular phosphocreatine and ATP levels, and induces tumor apoptosis. RGX-202 can be used for the research of cancer.
  • HY-110201
    Estrogen receptor modulator 1

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Cancer
    Estrogen receptor modulator 1 (compound 18) is an orally active and selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), with a pIC50 of 0.46. Estrogen receptor modulator 1 induces regression of Tamoxifen-resistant, hormone independent xenograft tumors.
  • HY-129421
    PA-9

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    PA-9 is a pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) type I (PAC1) receptor antagonist. PA-9 dose dependently inhibits PACAP-induced cAMP elevation with an IC50 of 5.6 nM. PA-9 can be used for the research of neuropathic and/or inflammatory pain.
  • HY-136404
    Melanin probe-1

    Others Cancer
    Melanin probe-1 is an 18F-picolinamides based PET probe. Melanin probe-1 can be used for PET imaging of malignant melanoma. Melanin probe-1 exhibits high tumor targeting efficiency, excellent tumor imaging contrasts, desirable biodistribution patterns, and good in vivo stability.
  • HY-103312
    Xestospongin C

    (-)-Xestospongin C

    Calcium Channel Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    Xestospongin C ((-)-Xestospongin C) is a selective, reversible inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) inhibitor. Xestospongin C acts as an inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca 2+ ATPase (SERCA) pump of internal stores. Xestospongin C blocks IP3-induced Ca 2+ release from cerebellar microsomes with an IC50 of 358 nM. Xestospongin C is a valuable tool for investigating the structure and function of IP3Rs and Ca 2+ signaling in neuronal and nonneuronal cells.
  • HY-13207A
    ONX-0914 TFA

    PR-957 TFA

    Proteasome Bacterial HIV Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    ONX-0914 (PR-957) TFA is a selective inhibitor of low-molecular mass polypeptide-7 (LMP7), the chymotrypsin-like subunit of the immunoproteasome. ONX-0914 TFA blocks cytokine production and attenuates progression of experimental arthritis. ONX-0914 TFA is a noncompetitive irreversible inhibitor of the mycobacterial proteasome (Ki=5.2 μM). ONX-0914 TFA reactivates latent HIV-1 through p-TEFb activation mediated by HSF-1.
  • HY-111784
    Inobrodib

    CCS1477

    Epigenetic Reader Domain Cancer
    Inobrodib (CCS1477) is an orally active, potent, and selective inhibitor of the p300/CBP bromodomain. Inobrodib binds to p300 and CBP with Kd values of 1.3 and 1.7 nM, respectively, and with 170/130-fold selectivity compared with BRD4 with a Kd of 222 nM. CCS1477 inhibits cell proliferation in prostate cancer cell lines and decreases androgen receptor (AR)- and C-MYC-regulated gene expression.
  • HY-112081
    BAY-707

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    BAY-707 is a substrate-competitive, highly potent and selective inhibitor of MTH1(NUDT1) with an IC50 of 2.3 nM. BAY-707 has a good pharmacokinetic (PK) profile to other MTH1 compounds and is well-tolerated in mice, but shows a clear lack of in vitro or in vivo anticancer efficacy.
  • HY-143420
    ATX inhibitor 15

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Inflammation/Immunology
    ATX inhibitor 15 (compound 30), a indole-based carbamate derivative, is a potent autotaxin (ATX) inhibitor with an IC50 of 2.17 nM. ATX inhibitor 15 inhibits in vivo ATX and the gene expression of pro-fibrotic factors. ATX inhibitor 15 has lung protection effects in Bleomycin challenged mice lung fibrosis model.
  • HY-101954A
    Inarigivir ammonium

    ORI-9020 ammonium; SB-9000 ammonium

    HBV Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Inarigivir (ORI-9020) ammonium is a dinucleotide antiviral drug that can significantly reduce liver HBV DNA in transgenic mice expressing hepatitis B virus. Inarigivir (ORI-9020) ammonium acts as a RIG-I (Retinoic acid-inducible gene-I) agonist to activate cellular innate immune responses.
  • HY-B0534S
    Moclobemide-d8

    Ro111163-d8

    Monoamine Oxidase Neurological Disease
    Moclobemide-d8 (Ro111163-d8) is the deuterium labeled Moclobemide. Moclobemide (Ro111163) is a brain-penetrant and reversible monoamine oxidase (MAO-A) inhibitor with an IC50 of 6.061 μM for hMAO-A.Moclobemide up-regulates proliferation of hippocampal progenitor cells in chronically stressed mice.
  • HY-P2264
    KYL peptide

    Ephrin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    KYL peptide, an antagonistic peptide, selectively targets EphA4 receptor. KYL peptide binds to the ligand-binding domain of EphA4, effectively alleviates Aβ-induced synaptic dysfunction and synaptic plasticity defects in AD mice. KYL peptide can promote nerve regeneration after injury and modulating immune responses.
  • HY-N2573A
    Corydalmine hydrochloride

    L-Corydalmine hydrochloride; TLZ-16-CL

    Fungal CXCR Infection Neurological Disease
    Corydalmine hydrochloride inhibits spore germination of some plant pathogenic as well as saprophytic fungi. Corydalmine hydrochloride acts as an oral analgesic agent, exhibiting potent analgesic activity. Corydalmine hydrochloride alleviates Vincristine-induced neuropathic pain in mice by inhibiting an NF-κB-dependent CXCL1/CXCR2 signaling pathway.
  • HY-113314
    AFMK

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    AFMK, antioxidant metabolite of Melatonin, attenuates X-ray-induced oxidative damage to DNA, proteins and lipids in mice. AFMK is a poorer scavenger. The pKa of AFMK at physiological pH is 8.7. Antioxidant capacity. AFMK improves the anti-tumor effect of Gemcitabine in PANC-1 cells through the modulation of apoptotic pathway.
  • HY-B1794A
    Thiethylperazine dimaleate

    Dopamine Receptor Histamine Receptor Bacterial Infection Neurological Disease
    Thiethylperazine dimaleate is a phenothiazine derivate, and an orally active dopamine D2-receptor and histamine H1-receptor antagonist. Thiethylperazine dimaleate is also a slective ABCC1activator that reduces amyloid-β (Aβ) load in mice. Thiethylperazine dimaleate has anti-emetic, antipsychotic and antimicrobial effects.
  • HY-130602
    MS432

    PROTACs MEK Cancer
    MS432 is a first-in-class and highly selective PD0325901-based von Hippel-Lindau-recruiting PROTAC degrader for MEK1 and MEK2. MS432 displays good plasma exposure in mice, exhibiting DC50 values of 31 nM and 17 nM for MEK1, MEK2 in HT29 cells respectively.
  • HY-144070
    ErSO-DFP

    Others Cancer
    ErSO-DFP is an anticipatory unfolded protein response (a-UPR) activator. ErSO-DFP has enhanced selectivity for estrogen receptor alpha-positive (ERα+) cancer cells with a wider selectivity window than ErSO.ErSO-DFP displays antitumor activity and leads to profound regression of MCF-7 tumors in mice model.
  • HY-145733
    DI-1859

    E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Cardiovascular Disease
    DI-1859 is a potent, selective and covalent inhibitor of DCN1. DI-1859 inhibits neddylation of cullin 3 in cells at low nanomolar concentrations. DI-1859 induces a robust increase of NRF2 protein, a CRL3 substrate, in mouse liver and effectively protects mice from acetaminophen-induced liver damage.
  • HY-16361A
    Omigapil maleate

    CGP3466B maleate

    Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Omigapil maleate, an orally bioavailable GAPDH nitrosylation inhibitor, abrogates Aβ1-42-induced tau acetylation, memory impairment, and locomotor dysfunction in mice. Omigapil maleate has the potential for the research of Alzheimer's disease. Omigapil maleate (CGP3446B maleate) is a apoptosis inhibitor. Omigapil maleate can be used for the research of congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD).
  • HY-N6608S
    Physostigmine-d3

    Eserine-d3

    AChE Neurological Disease
    Physostigmine-d3 (Eserine-d3) is the deuterium labeled Physostigmine. Physostigmine (Eserine) is a reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor. Physostigmine can crosses the blood-brain barrier and stimulates central cholinergic neurotransmission. Physostigmine can reverse memory deficits in transgenic mice with Alzheimer's disease. Physostigmine is also an antidote for anticholinergic poisoning.
  • HY-117370
    USP25/28 inhibitor AZ1

    AZ1

    Deubiquitinase Cancer
    USP25/28 inhibitor AZ1 (AZ1) is an orally active, selective, noncompetitive, dual ubiquitin specific protease (USP) 25/28 inhibitor with IC50s of 0.7 μM and 0.6 μM, respectively. USP25/28 inhibitor AZ1 attenuates colitis and tumorigenesis in the mice model.
  • HY-131881
    JHU37160

    mAChR Neurological Disease
    JHU37160 is a potent and brain-penetrant DREADD agonist, with EC50s of 18.5 nM and 0.2 nM for hM3Dq and hM4Di DREADDs in HEK-293 cells, respectively. JHU37160 exhibits selective [ 3H]Clozapine displacement from DREADDs and not from other Clozapine-binding sites in mice brain tissue.
  • HY-131891
    JHU37152

    mAChR Neurological Disease
    JHU37152 is a potent and brain-penetrant DREADD agonist, with EC50s of 5 nM and 0.5 nM for hM3Dq and hM4Di DREADDs in HEK-293 cells, respectively. JHU37152 exhibits selective [ 3H]Clozapine displacement from DREADDs and not from other Clozapine-binding sites in mice brain tissue.
  • HY-N2573
    Corydalmine

    L-Corydalmine; TLZ-16

    Fungal CXCR Infection Neurological Disease
    Corydalmine (L-Corydalmine) inhibits spore germination of some plant pathogenic as well as saprophytic fungi. Corydalmine acts as an oral analgesic agent, exhibiting potent analgesic activity. Corydalmine alleviates Vincristine-induced neuropathic pain in mice by inhibiting an NF-κB-dependent CXCL1/CXCR2 signaling pathway.
  • HY-103089
    LY393558

    5-HT Receptor Neurological Disease
    LY393558 is a potent and orally active inhibitor of the 5-HT transporter and an antagonist of 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors. LY393558 increase the extracellular levels of 5-HT in mice model frontal cortex. LY393558 can be used for researching depression.
  • HY-116175
    BIBB 515

    Others Metabolic Disease
    BIBB 515 is a potent, selective and orally active 2,3-oxidosqualene cyclase (OSC) inhibitor with ED50 values of 0.2-0.5 mg/kg and 0.36-33.3 mg/kg in rats and mice (1-5 hours), respectively. BIBB 515 exerts lipid-lowering effect mainly by inhibiting the production of low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
  • HY-10620
    PI3K-IN-22

    PI3K mTOR Cancer
    PI3K-IN-22 is a PI3Kα/mTOR dual kinase inhibitor. PI3K-IN-22 has IC50s of 0.9, 0.6 nM for PI3Kα and mTOR, respectively. PI3K-IN-22 can be used for the research of cancer.
  • HY-B0771
    Cefozopran

    SCE-2787

    Bacterial Antibiotic Infection
    Cefozopran (SCE-2787) is a semi-synthetic, parenteral, fourth-generation cephalosporin. Cefozopran, an antibiotic, has a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity, inhibiting most of the gram-negative and gram-positive organisms.
  • HY-136789
    Tuxobertinib

    BDTX-189

    EGFR Cancer
    Tuxobertinib (BDTX-189) is a potent, orally active and selective inhibitor of allosteric EGFR and HER2 oncogenic mutations, including EGFR/HER2 exon 20 insertion mutants. Tuxobertinib shows KDs of 0.2, 0.76, 13 and 1.2 nM for EGFR, HER2, BLK and RIPK2, reapectively. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-N7176
    Kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucuronide

    Kaempferol-3-glucuronide; Kaempferol-3-O-glucuronide

    Interleukin Related Inflammation/Immunology
    Kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucuronide (Kaempferol-3-glucuronide), one conjugated kaempferol metabolite, has anti-inflammatory effect. Kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucuronide significantly inhibits various pro-inflammatory mediators like IL-1β, NO, PGE2, and LTB4. Kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucuronide upregulates the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10.
  • HY-133127
    AR453588

    Glucokinase Metabolic Disease
    AR453588 is a potent and orally bioavailable anti-diabetic glucokinase activator, with an EC50 of 42 nM. AR453588 shows anti-hyperglycemic activity.
  • HY-100433
    PACMA 31

    Others Cancer
    PACMA 31 is an irreversible, orally active protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) inhibitor with an IC50 of 10 μM. PACMA 31 forms a covalent bond with the active site cysteines of PDI. PACMA 31 shows tumor targeting ability and significantly suppresses ovarian tumor growth without causing toxicity to normal tissues.
  • HY-133127A
    AR453588 hydrochloride

    Glucokinase Metabolic Disease
    AR453588 hydrochloride is a potent and orally bioavailable anti-diabetic glucokinase activator, with an EC50 of 42 nM. AR453588 hydrochloride shows anti-hyperglycemic activity.
  • HY-143586
    CDK7-IN-8

    CDK Cancer
    CDK7-IN-8 is a potent CDK7 inhibitor with IC50 of 54.29 nM. CDK7-IN-8 has inhibitory effect on certain cancer cells and in vivo tumor models.
  • HY-144497
    HE-S2

    PD-1/PD-L1 Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Cancer Infection
    HE-S2 is an antibody-drug conjugate triggering a potent antitumor immune response. HE-S2 acts by blocking the PD-1/PD-L1 interaction and activating the Toll-like receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) signaling pathway. HE-S2 has remarkable antitumor activity.
  • HY-B0771A
    Cefozopran hydrochloride

    SCE-2787 hydrochloride

    Bacterial Antibiotic Infection
    Cefozopran (SCE-2787) hydrochloride is a semi-synthetic, parenteral, fourth-generation cephalosporin. Cefozopran hydrochloride, an antibiotic, has a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity, inhibiting most of the gram-negative and gram-positive organisms.
  • HY-P99005
    Myostatin-IN-1

    TGF-β Receptor Neurological Disease Others
    Myostatin-IN-1 is a potent myostatin inhibitor (IC50 of 0.19, 0.63, 0.89 and 1.6 μM for myostatin, GDF-11, activin A and TGF-β1, respectively). Myostatin-IN-1 increases the tibialis anterior muscle mass in mice. Myostatin-IN-1 can be used for researching the prolonged inactivation of myostatin in skeletal muscle.
  • HY-P1216
    HS014

    Melanocortin Receptor Neurological Disease
    HS014 is a potent and selective melanocortin-4 (MC4) receptor antagonist, with Kis of 3.16, 108, 54.4 and 694 nM for human MC4, MC1, MC3 and MC5 receptors, respectively. HS014 modulates the behavioral effects of morphine in mice. HS014 increases food intake in free-feeding rats.
  • HY-145153
    S-777469

    Cannabinoid Receptor Neurological Disease
    S-777469 is a selective and orally available cannabinoid type 2 receptor (CB2) agonist with a Ki of 36 nM. S-777469 significantly suppresses compound 48/80-induced scratching behavior in mice in a dose-dependent manner. S-777469 produces its antipruritic effects by inhibiting itch signal transmission through CB2 agonism.
  • HY-P1439A
    RS 09 TFA

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Inflammation/Immunology
    RS 09 TFA is a TLR4 agonist. RS 09 TFA promotes NF-κB nuclear translocation and induces inflammatory cytokine secretion in RAW264.7 macrophages in vitro. RS 09 TFA acts as an adjuvant in vivo; RS 09 TFA enhances X-15 specific antibody serum concentrations, when administered with X-15-KLH in mice.
  • HY-N6967
    Levomenol

    (-)-α-Bisabolol

    Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Levomenol ((-)-α-Bisabolol), a monocyclic sesquiterpene alcohol, exerts antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic activities. Levomenol also has neuroprotective effects and prevents neuronal damage and memory deficits through reduction of proinflammatory markers induced by permanent focal cerebral ischemia in mice. Levomenol attenuates nociceptive behaviour and central sensitisation in a rodent model of trigeminal neuropathic pain. Orally active.
  • HY-P1216A
    HS014 TFA

    Melanocortin Receptor Neurological Disease
    HS014 TFA is a potent and selective melanocortin-4 (MC4) receptor antagonist, with Kis of 3.16, 108, 54.4 and 694 nM for human MC4, MC1, MC3 and MC5 receptors respectively. HS014 TFA modulates the behavioral effects of morphine in mice. HS014 TFA increases food intake in free-feeding rats.
  • HY-126477
    NNK

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    NNK is a nicotine-nitrosated derivative. NNK simultaneously stimulates Bcl2 phosphorylation exclusively at Ser 70 and c-Myc at Thr 58 and Ser 62 through activation of both ERK1/2 and PKCα. NNK induces survival and proliferation of human lung cancer cells. NNK can be used for lung cancer mice model structure.
  • HY-139987A
    LeuRS-IN-1 hydrochloride

    Bacterial Infection
    LeuRS-IN-1 hydrochloride is a potent, orally active M. tuberculosis leucyl-tRNA synthetase (M.tb LeuRS) inhibitor. LeuRS-IN-1 hydrochloride has IC50 and Kd values of 0.06 μM, 0.075 μM for M.tb LeuRS, respectively. LeuRS-IN-1 hydrochloride inhibits human cytoplasmic LeuRS (IC50=38.8 μM), and HepG2 protein synthesis (EC50=19.6 μM).
  • HY-120878
    CXCR2-IN-2

    CXCR Inflammation/Immunology
    CXCR2-IN-2 is a selective, brain penetrant, and orally bioavailable CXCR2 antagonist (IC50=5.2 nM/1 nM in β-arrestin assay/CXCR2 Tango assay, respectively). CXCR2-IN-2 displays ~730-fold selectivity over CXCR1 and >1900-fold selectivity over all other chemokine receptors. CXCR2-IN-2 inhibits human whole blood Gro-α induced CD11b expression with an IC50 of 0.04 μM.
  • HY-146754
    MMP2-IN-1

    MMP Apoptosis Cancer
    MMP2-IN-1 is a moderate potenet MMP2 inhibitor with IC50 of 6.8 µM. MMP2-IN-1 exhibits remarkable antiproliferative activity in certain cancer cells by arresting the cell cycle and inducing apoptosis.
  • HY-15648F
    GSK-J4 hydrochloride

    Histone Demethylase Cancer
    GSK-J4 hydrochloride is a potent dual inhibitor of H3K27me3/me2-demethylases JMJD3/KDM6B and UTX/KDM6A with IC50s of 8.6 and 6.6 μM, respectively. GSK-J4 hydrochloride inhibits LPS-induced TNF-α production in human primary macrophages with an IC50 of 9 μM. GSK-J4 hydrochloride is a cell permeable prodrug of GSK-J1.
  • HY-145845
    HDAC1/MAO-B-IN-1

    HDAC Monoamine Oxidase Neurological Disease
    HDAC1/MAO-B-IN-1 is a potent, selective and cross the blood-brain barrier HDAC1/MAO-B inhibitor with IC50 values of 21.4 nM and 99.0 nM for HDAC1 and MAO-B, respectively. HDAC1/MAO-B-IN-1 has the potential for the research of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-15648B
    GSK-J4

    Histone Demethylase Apoptosis Cancer
    GSK-J4 is a potent dual inhibitor of H3K27me3/me2-demethylases JMJD3/KDM6B and UTX/KDM6A with IC50s of 8.6 and 6.6 μM, respectively. GSK-J4 inhibits LPS-induced TNF-α production in human primary macrophages with an IC50 of 9 μM. GSK J4 is a cell permeable prodrug of GSK-J1. GSK-J4 induces endoplasmic reticulum stress-related apoptosis.
  • HY-124675
    MYCMI-6

    NSC354961

    c-Myc Apoptosis Cancer
    MYCMI-6 (NSC354961) is a potent and selective endogenous MYC:MAX protein interactions inhibitor. MYCMI-6 blocks MYC-driven transcription and binds selectively to the MYC bHLHZip domain with a Kd of 1.6 μM. MYCMI-6 inhibits tumor cell growth in a MYC-dependent manner (IC50<0.5 μM). MYCMI-6 is not cytotoxic to normal human cells. MYCMI-6 induces apoptosis.
  • HY-139987
    LeuRS-IN-1

    Bacterial Infection
    LeuRS-IN-1 is a potent, orally active M. tuberculosis leucyl-tRNA synthetase (M.tb LeuRS) inhibitor. LeuRS-IN-1 has IC50 and Kd values of 0.06 μM, 0.075 μM for M.tb LeuRS, respectively. LeuRS-IN-1 inhibits human cytoplasmic LeuRS (IC50=38.8 μM), and HepG2 protein synthesis (EC50=19.6 μM).
  • HY-143497
    HDAC1/2 and CDK2-IN-1

    HDAC CDK Apoptosis Cancer
    HDAC1/2 and CDK2-IN-1 (compound 14d) is a potent HDAC1, HDAC2 and CDK2 dual inhibitor, with IC50 values of 70.7, 23.1 and 0.80 μM, respectively. HDAC1/2 and CDK2-IN-1 can block the cell cycle and induce apoptosis. HDAC1/2 and CDK2-IN-1 exhibits desirable in vivo antitumor activity.
  • HY-143411
    GEM144

    HDAC Apoptosis Cancer
    GEM144 is a potent and orally active DNA polymerase α (POLA1) and HDAC 11 dual inhibitor. GEM144 induces acetylation of p53, activation of p21, G1/S cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. GEM144 has significant antitumor activity in human orthotopic malignant pleural mesothelioma xenografts.
  • HY-145319
    FPFT-2216

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Casein Kinase Molecular Glues Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    FPFT-2216, a “molecular glue” compound, degrades phosphodiesterase 6D (PDE6D), zinc finger transcription factors Ikaros (IKZF1), Aiolos (IKZF3), and casein kinase 1α (CK1α). FPFT-2216 can be used for the research of cancer and inflammatory disease.
  • HY-114356
    BPI-9016M

    c-Met/HGFR Cancer
    BPI-9016M is a potent, orally active, and selective dual c-Met and AXL tyrosine kinases inhibitor. BPI-9016M suppresses tumor cell growth, migration and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma.
  • HY-122920
    Soyasaponin II

    HSV CMV Influenza Virus HIV NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Soyasaponin II is a saponin with antiviral activity. Soyasaponin II inhibits the replication of HSV-1, HCMV, influenza virus, and HIV-1. Soyasaponin II shows potent inhibition on HSV-1 replication. Soyasaponin II serves as a inhibitor for YB-1 phosphorylation and NLRP3 inflammasome priming and could protect mice against LPS/GalN induced acute liver failure.
  • HY-106224
    Orexin A (human, rat, mouse)

    Orexin Receptor (OX Receptor) Neurological Disease
    Orexin A human, rat, mouse, a 33 amino acid excitatory neuropeptide, orchestrates diverse central and peripheral processes. Orexin A human, rat, mouse is a specific, high-affinity agonist for G-protein-coupled receptor OX1R. Orexin A human, rat, mouse has a role in the regulation of feeding behavior. Orexin A human, rat, mouse is an effective anti-nociceptive and anti-hyperalgesic agent in mice and rats.
  • HY-110247
    TRAF-STOP inhibitor 6877002

    TNF Receptor NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    TRAF-STOP inhibitor 6877002, is a selective inhibitor of CD40-TRAF6 interaction, compound VII, shows inhibition of NF-κB activation in RAW cells, extracted from patent WO2014033122A1. TRAF-STOP 6877002 prevents the progression of established atherosclerosis in mice, reduces leukocyte recruitment and reduces macrophage activation; reduces macrophage proliferation in atherosclerotic plaques.
  • HY-134923
    CA77.1

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    CA77.1 is a potent, brain-penetrant and orally active chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) activator with favorable pharmacokinetics. CA77.1 is a derivative of AR7 (HY-101106) and can increase the expression of the lysosomal receptor LAMP2A in lysosomes. CA77.1 improves behavior and neuropathology in PS19 mice model and can be used for alzheimer's disease research.
  • HY-N0307
    Ciwujianoside B

    Bcl-2 Family Neurological Disease
    Ciwujianoside B is isolated from Eleutherococcus senticosus leaf, is able to penetrate and work in the brain after the oral administration. Ciwujianoside B significantly enhances object recognition memory. Ciwujianoside B shows radioprotective effects on the hematopoietic system in mice, which is associated with changes in the cell cycle, reduces DNA damage and down-regulates the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 in bone marrow cells exposed to radiation.
  • HY-P2260
    Tat-beclin 1

    Autophagy HIV Infection
    Tat-beclin 1, a peptide derived from a region of the autophagy protein (beclin 1), is a potent inducer of autophagy and interacts with negative regulator of autophagy, GAPR-1 (GLIPR2). Tat-beclin 1 decreases the accumulation of polyglutamine expansion protein aggregates and the replication of several pathogens (including HIV-1) in vitro, and reduces mortality in mice infected with chikungunya (CHIKV) or West Nile virus (WNV).
  • HY-126124
    AP39

    Others Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    AP39 is a triphenylphosphonium derivatised anethole dithiolethione and mitochondria-targeting hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor. AP39 increases intracellular H2S levels. AP39 exerts cytoprotective effects and maintains mitochondrial DNA integrity under oxidative stress conditions. AP39 protects against myocardial reperfusion injury in mice model and has the potential for Alzheimer's disease research.
  • HY-P2260A
    Tat-beclin 1 TFA

    Autophagy HIV Infection
    Tat-beclin 1 TFA, a peptide derived from a region of the autophagy protein (beclin 1), is a potent inducer of autophagy and interacts with negative regulator of autophagy, GAPR-1 (GLIPR2). Tat-beclin 1 TFA decreases the accumulation of polyglutamine expansion protein aggregates and the replication of several pathogens (including HIV-1) in vitro, and reduces mortality in mice infected with chikungunya (CHIKV) or West Nile virus (WNV).
  • HY-16785
    Veledimex

    INXN-1001; RG-115932

    Interleukin Related Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Veledimex (INXN-1001), a synthetic analog of the insect molting hormone ecdysone, is an orally active activator ligand for a proprietary gene therapy promoter system. Veledimex can be used to activate certain genes using the ecdysone receptor (EcR)-based inducible gene regulation system, the RheoSwitch Therapeutic System (RTS). Veledimex can cross blood-brain barrier (BBB) in both orthotopic GL-261 mice and cynomolgus monkeys.
  • HY-106224A
    Orexin A (human, rat, mouse) (TFA)

    Orexin Receptor (OX Receptor) Neurological Disease
    Orexin A human, rat, mouse TFA, a 33 amino acid excitatory neuropeptide, orchestrates diverse central and peripheral processes. Orexin A human, rat, mouse TFA is a specific, high-affinity agonist for G-protein-coupled receptor OX1R. Orexin A human, rat, mouse TFA has a role in the regulation of feeding behavior. Orexin A human, rat, mouse TFA is an effective anti-nociceptive and anti-hyperalgesic agent in mice and rats.
  • HY-108485
    Damnacanthal

    Src Apoptosis Fungal Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Damnacanthal is an anthraquinone isolated from the root of Morinda citrifolia. Damnacanthal is a highly potent, selective inhibitor of p56 lck tyrosine kinase activity. Natural Damnacanthal inhibits p56 lck autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of exogenous substrates with IC50s of 46 nM and 220 nM, respectively. Damnacanthal is a potent inducer of apoptosis with anticancer activity. Damnacanthal also has antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory effects in mice and anti-fungal activity against Candida albicans.
  • HY-121495
    BKI-1369

    Parasite Infection
    BKI-1369 is a bumped kinase inhibitor (BKI). BKI-1369 increases human Ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG)-inhibitory activity with an IC50 of 1.52 μM. BKI-1369 reduces the parasite burden and diseases severity in the gnotobiotic pig model. BKI-1369 has been well characterized for potency, stability, metabolism, toxicity, pharmacokinetics and is potent against C. parvum in infected mice and calves.
  • HY-143402
    Topoisomerase I/II inhibitor 2

    Topoisomerase Cancer
    Topoisomerase I/II inhibitor 2 (compound 1a) is a potent Topoisomerase inhibitor (IC50= 9.82 μM on Huh7 cells and 6.83 μM on LM9 cells). Topoisomerase I/II inhibitor 2 has dual inhibition on DNA topoisomerase I/II, also can obviously reduce the growth of xenograft tumor in mice model. Topoisomerase I/II inhibitor 2 has the potential value in treating liver cancer.
  • HY-144635
    Nrf2-ARE/hMAO-B/QR2 modulator 1

    Monoamine Oxidase Keap1-Nrf2 ROS Neurological Disease
    Nrf2-ARE/hMAO-B/QR2 modulator 1 is a Resveratrol-based multitarget-directed ligands with IC50s of 8.05, 9.83 and 0.57 μM for hMAO-B, NRF2 and QR2. Nrf2-ARE/hMAO-B/QR2 modulator 1 has neuroprotection, decreasing ROS production in okadaic acid-treated mice hippocampal slices.
  • HY-N6263
    EGCG Octaacetate

    AcEGCG; Peracetylated (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate

    Bacterial Cancer Infection Cardiovascular Disease
    EGCG Octaacetate (AcEGCG) is a prodrug of Green tea epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). EGCG Octaacetate decreases the proinflammatory mediator levels by down-regulating of PI3K/Akt/NFκB phosphorylation and p65 acetylation. EGCG Octaacetate reduces colitis-driven colon cancer in mice. EGCG octaacetate is the potential antibacterial compound for gram-positive bacteria (GPB) and gram-negative bacteria (GNB).
  • HY-125039
    N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide

    Glutathione Peroxidase Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide is a potent, reversible, specific, and non-toxic tripeptide inhibitor of myeloperoxidase (MPO). N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide effectively inhibits MPO generation of toxic oxidants in vivo. N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide reduces neuronal damage and preserves brain tissue and neurological function in the stroked brain. N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide inhibits MPO-dependent hypochlorous acid (HOCl) generation, protein nitration, and LDL oxidation.
  • HY-N9182
    Zeaxanthin dipalmitate

    Physalien

    Adiponectin Receptor P2X Receptor Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology
    Zeaxanthin dipalmitate (Physalien) is a wolfberry-derived carotenoid, has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress effects. Zeaxanthin dipalmitate directly interact with p2X7 receptor (Kd=81.2 nM) and adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1; Kd=533 nM) in a positive dose-dependent manner. Zeaxanthin dipalmitate restores mitochondrial autophagy functions suppressed by ethanol intoxication. Zeaxanthin dipalmitate can be used in the research of alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) and retinitis pigmentosa (RP).
  • HY-112683
    V-9302

    Others Cancer
    V-9302 is a competitive antagonist of transmembrane glutamine flux. V-9302 selectively and potently targets the amino acid transporter ASCT2 (SLC1A5) not ASCT1. V-9302 inhibits ASCT2-mediated glutamine uptake (IC50=9.6 µM) in HEK-293 cells.
  • HY-125099
    PAD2-IN-2

    Protein Arginine Deiminase Cancer Infection
    PAD2-IN-2 is a potent PAD2 inhibitor. PAD2-IN-2 enters the HEK293T/PAD2 cells with an EC50 of 5.9 μM. PAD2-IN-2 inhibits histone H3 citrullination with an EC50 of 2.1 μM in HEK293/PAD2 cells. PAD2-IN-2 can be used for the research of cancer.
  • HY-143412
    MIR002

    HDAC DNA/RNA Synthesis Apoptosis Cancer
    MIR002 is a potent and orally active DNA polymerase α (POLA1) and HDAC 11 dual inhibitor. MIR002 induces acetylation of p53, activation of p21, G1/S cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. MIR002 shows significant antitumor activity in vivo.
  • HY-112683A
    V-9302 hydrochloride

    Others Cancer
    V-9302 hydrochloride is a competitive antagonist of transmembrane glutamine flux. V-9302 hydrochloride selectively and potently targets the amino acid transporter ASCT2 (SLC1A5) not ASCT1. V-9302 hydrochloride inhibits ASCT2-mediated glutamine uptake (IC50=9.6 µM) in HEK-293 cells.
  • HY-101021
    Ascochlorin

    Ilicicolin D

    STAT Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Ascochlorin (Ilicicolin D), an isoprenoid antibiotic, mediates its anti-tumor effects predominantly through the suppression of STAT3 signaling cascade. Ascochlorin induces apoptosis. Anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-144777
    FLT3-IN-14

    FLT3 Apoptosis Cancer
    FLT3-IN-14 is a potent FLT3 inhibitor with IC50s of 5.6 nM and 1.4 nM for FLT3-WT and FLT3-ITD. FLT3-IN-14 reduces the phosphorylation of FLT3 (Y591), induces cell cycle arrest at G1 phase and apoptosis. FLT3-IN-14 significantly reduces the tumor growth in an MV4-11 xenograft mouse model.
  • HY-W014421
    AP-18

    TRP Channel Neurological Disease
    AP-18, a potent and selective TRPA1 inhibitor, blocks activation of TRPA1 by 50 μM Cinnamaldehyde with an IC50 of 3.1 μM and 4.5 μM for human and mouse TRPA1, respectively. AP-18 reverses complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in mice. AP-18 attenuated 30 μM AITC-induced Yo-Pro uptake in a concentration-dependent manner, with an IC50 of 10.3 μM.
  • HY-135982
    GPR81 agonist 1

    Others Metabolic Disease
    GPR81 agonist 1 is a potent and highly selective GPR81 agonist, with EC50s of 58 nM and 50 nM for human and mouse GPR81, respectively. GPR81 agonist 1 inhibits lipolysis in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. GPR81 agonist 1 suppresses lipolysis in mice without cutaneous flushing. GPR81 agonist 1 displays remarkable selectivity for GPR81 over GPR109a.
  • HY-109086
    Edicotinib

    JNJ-40346527; JNJ-527

    c-Fms Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Edicotinib (JNJ-40346527) is a potent, selective, brain penetrant and orally active colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R) inhibitor with an IC50 of 3.2 nM. Edicotinib exhibits less inhibitory effects on KIT and FLT3 with IC50 values of 20 nM and 190 nM, respectively. Edicotinib limits microglial expansion and attenuates microglial proliferation and neurodegeneration in mice. Edicotinib has the potential for Alzheimer’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis research.
  • HY-101903A
    BMS-309403 sodium

    FABP Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    BMS-309403 sodium is a potent, orally active, and selective adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (also known as FABP4, aP2) inhibitor, with Kis of <2, 250, and 350 nM for FABP4, FABP3, and FABP5, respectively. BMS-309403 sodium interacts with the fatty-acid-binding pocket within the interior of the protein and competitively inhibits the binding of endogenous fatty acids. BMS-309403 sodium improves endothelial function in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice and in cultured human endothelial cells.
  • HY-N0930B
    Galegine hydrochloride

    AMPK Bacterial Infection Metabolic Disease
    Galegine hydrochloride, a guanidine derivative, contributes to weight loss in mice. Guanidine hydrochloride is the compound derived from G. officinalis, which gave rise to the biguanides, metformin and phenformin. Galegine hydrochloride activates AMPK in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and L6 myotubes, as well as in the H4IIE rat hepatoma and HEK293 human kidney cell lines. Galegine hydrochloride has antibacterial activity, with minimum inhibitory concentration of 4 mg/L against Staphylococcus aureus strains.
  • HY-101903
    BMS-309403

    FABP Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    BMS-309403 is a potent, orally active and selective adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (also known as FABP4, aP2) inhibitor with Kis of <2, 250, and 350 nM for FABP4, FABP3, and FABP5, respectively. BMS-309403 interacts with the fatty-acid-binding pocket within the interior of the protein and competitively inhibits the binding of endogenous fatty acids. BMS-309403 improves endothelial function in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice and in cultured human endothelial cells.
  • HY-145227
    AGB1

    PROTACs Epigenetic Reader Domain Cancer
    AGB1 is a fast, highly selective, and potent bump-and-hole (B&H)-PROTAC degrader for BromoTag. AGB1 exhibits degradation for Ab:Brd4 BD2 L387A and Ab: BromoTag-Brd2 with pDC50s of 7.8 and 7.9. AGB1 exhibits binary affinity to VHL (Kd=125 nM). AGB1 exhibits favorable pharmacokinetic profile in mice with the DC50, 6 h of ∼13 nM.
  • HY-101144
    RSM-932A

    TCD-717

    Others Cancer
    RSM-932A (TCD-717) is a specific ChoKα inhibitor with IC50s of 1 and 33 μM for human recombinant ChoKα and ChoKβ enzymes, respectively. RSM-932A acts as the “first in humans” compound targeting ChoKα. RSM-932A is potent in vitro anti-proliferative and in vivo anti-tumoral activity against human xenografts in mice, showing high efficacy with low toxicity profiles.
  • HY-117482
    BPN-15606

    γ-secretase Neurological Disease
    BPN-15606 is a highly potent, orally active γ-secretase modulator (GSM), attenuates the production of Aβ42 and Aβ40 by SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells with IC50 values of 7 nM and 17nM, respectively. BPN-15606 lowers Aβ42 and Aβ40 levels in the central nervous system of rats and mice. BPN-15606 has acceptable PK/PD properties, including bioavailability, half-life, and clearance.
  • HY-130609A
    Aβ42-IN-1 free base

    γ-secretase Neurological Disease
    Aβ42-IN-1 free base (compound 1v) is an orally active, high brain exposure γ-secretase modulator. Aβ42-IN-1 free base potently reduces Aβ42 levels with an IC50 value of 0.091 µM, and significantly reduces brain Aβ42 levels in mice. Aβ42-IN-1 free base is a promising compound for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-122895A
    (E/Z)-E64FC26

    Apoptosis Cancer
    (E/Z)-E64FC26 is a mixture complex of E-E64FC26 and Z-E64FC26. E64FC26 (E-E64FC26) is a potent pan-inhibitor of the protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) family, with IC50s of 1.9, 20.9, 25.9, 16.3, and 25.4 μM against PDIA1, PDIA3, PDIA4, TXNDC5, and PDIA6. E64FC26 shows anti-myeloma activity.
  • HY-144655
    IP2

    Others Cancer
    IP2 is an immunomodulatory agent. IP2 increases PTP (Pioneer Translation Product)-derived antigen presentation in cancer cells. IP2 shows non-cytotoxic for cancer cells. IP2 induces tumor growth defects in mouse.
  • HY-122895
    E64FC26

    Apoptosis Cancer
    E64FC26 is a potent pan-inhibitor of the protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) family, with IC50s of 1.9, 20.9, 25.9, 16.3, and 25.4 μM against PDIA1, PDIA3, PDIA4, TXNDC5, and PDIA6, respectively. E64FC26 shows anti-myeloma activity.
  • HY-143414
    Metallo-β-lactamase-IN-6

    Bacterial Infection
    Metallo-β-lactamase-IN-6 is a potent VIM-Type metallo-β-lactamase inhibitor with IC50s of 0.56 μM, 29.50 μM and 5.78 μM for VIM-2, VIM-1 and VIM-5. Metallo-β-lactamase-IN-6 displays potent synergistic antibacterial activity with Meropenem against engineered Escherichia coli strains and intractable clinically isolated Pseudomonas aeruginosa producing VIM-2 MBL.
  • HY-P1723A
    Spexin TFA

    Neuropeptide Q TFA

    Neuropeptide Y Receptor
    Spexin TFA is a potent galanin receptor 2/3 (GAL2/GAL3) agonist (EC50 values are 45.7 and 112.2 nM, respectively). Spexin TFA exhibits no significant activity at galanin receptor 1. Spexin TFA is an endogenous satiety-inducing peptide; Spexin TFA inhibits long chain fatty acid uptake by adipocytes and decreases food consumption in diet-induced obese mice and rats. Spexin TFA attenuates LH secretion in goldfish. Spexin TFA exhibits anxiolytic effects in vivo.
  • HY-117482A
    BPN-15606 besylate

    γ-secretase Neurological Disease
    BPN-15606 besylate is a highly potent, orally active γ-secretase modulator (GSM), attenuates the production of Aβ42 and Aβ40 by SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells with IC50 values of 7 nM and 17nM, respectively. BPN-15606 besylate lowers Aβ42 and Aβ40 levels in the central nervous system of rats and mice. BPN-15606 besylate has acceptable PK/PD properties, including bioavailability, half-life, and clearance.
  • HY-101117
    EED226

    Histone Methyltransferase Cancer
    EED226 is a polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) inhibitor, which binds to the K27me3-pocket on embryonic ectoderm development (EED) and shows strong antitumor activity in xenograft mice model. EED226 is a potent, selective, and orally bioavailable EED inhibitor. EED226 inhibits PRC2 with an IC50 of 23.4 nM when the H3K27me0 peptide is used as a substrate in the in vitro enzymatic assays.
  • HY-126255
    SBI-797812

    NAMPT Metabolic Disease
    SBI-797812 is structurally similar to active-site directed NAMPT inhibitors and blocks binding of these inhibitors to NAMPT with EC50 of 0.37 μM. SBI-797812 shifts the NAMPT reaction equilibrium towards NMN formation, increases NAMPT affinity for ATP, stabilizes phosphorylated NAMPT at His247, promotes consumption of the pyrophosphate by-product, and blunts feedback inhibition by NAD +. Treatment of cultured cells with SBI-797812 increases intracellular NMN and NAD+. Dosing of mice with SBI-797812 elevates liver NAD +.
  • HY-108485S
    Damnacanthal-d3

    Src Apoptosis Fungal Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Damnacanthal-d3 is the deuterium labeled Damnacanthal. Damnacanthal is an anthraquinone isolated from the root of Morinda citrifolia. Damnacanthal is a highly potent, selective inhibitor of p56 lck tyrosine kinase activity. Natural Damnacanthal inhibits p56 lck autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of exogenous substrates with IC50s of 46 nM and 220 nM, respectively. Damnacanthal is a potent inducer of apoptosis with anticancer activity. Damnacanthal also has antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory effects in mice and anti-fungal activity against Candida albicans.
  • HY-110133
    JTE-607

    Interleukin Related Inflammation/Immunology
    JTE-607, a highly selective inflammatory cytokine synthesis inhibitor, protects from endotoxin shock in mice. JTE-607 inhibits inflammatory cytokine production, including TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10, from LPS-stimulated human PBMCs, with IC50s of 11, 5.9, 8.8, 7.3 and 9.1 nM, respectively. Cleavage and Polyadenylation Specificity Factor 3 (CPSF3) is the target of JTE-607.
  • HY-108022A
    MSDC-0602K

    Azemiglitazone potassium

    Insulin Receptor PPAR Metabolic Disease
    MSDC-0602K (Azemiglitazone potassium), a PPARγ-sparing thiazolidinedione (Ps-TZD), binds to PPARγ with the IC50 of 18.25 μM. MSDC-0602K modulates the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC). MSDC-0602K can be used for the research of fatty liver including dysfunctional lipid metabolism, inflammation, and insulin resistance. MSDC-0602K, an insulin sensitizer, improves insulinemia and fatty liver disease in mice, alone and in combination with Liraglutide.
  • HY-146540
    GEM-5

    HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Apoptosis MDM-2/p53 Cancer
    GEM-5 is a gemcitabine-based conjugate containing a HIF-1α inhibitor (YC-1) (IC50=30 nM). GEM-5 can significantly down-regulate the expression of HIF-1α and up-regulate the expression of tumor suppressor p53. GEM-5 induces the apoptosis of A2780 cells and inhibits tumor growth.
  • HY-125961
    T3Inh-1

    Others Cancer
    T3Inh-1 is a potent and selective inhibitor of ppGalNAc-T3 (IC50=7 µM). T3Inh-1 reduces FGF23 hormone levels in both tissue cells and mice, without causing any toxic side effects. T3Inh-1 also prevents breast cancer cells. The enzyme ppGalNAc-T3 is implicated in at least two medically important pathways: cancer metastasis and stabilization of FGF23 (regulates phosphate levels in the bloodstream).
  • HY-120793
    CMC2.24

    TRB-N0224

    Ras Apoptosis MMP Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    CMC2.24 (TRB-N0224), an orally active tricarbonylmethane agent, is effective against pancreatic tumor in mice by inhibiting Ras activation and its downstream effector ERK1/2 pathway. CMC2.24 is also a potent inhibitor of zinc-dependent MMPs with IC50s ranging from 2.0-69 μM. CMC2.24 alleviates osteoarthritis progression by restoring cartilage homeostasis and inhibiting chondrocyte apoptosis via the NF-κB/HIF-2α axis.
  • HY-N1940
    β-Anhydroicaritin

    Interleukin Related TNF Receptor MMP Inflammation/Immunology
    β-Anhydroicaritin is isolated from Boswellia carterii Birdware, has important biological and pharmacological effects, such as antiosteoporosis, estrogen regulation and antitumor properties. β-Anhydroicaritin ameliorates the degradation of periodontal tissue and inhibits the synthesis and secretion of TNF-α and MMP-3 in diabetic rats. β-Anhydroicaritin decreases the overproduction of NO, IL-10, TNF-α, MCP-1 and IL-6 in inperitonitis mice. β-Anhydroicaritin inhibits the elevation of intracellular Ca 2+, and markedly decreases iNOS protein expression.
  • HY-136523
    S2157

    Histone Demethylase Apoptosis Cancer
    S2157, a N-alkylated tranylcypromine (TCP) derivative, is a potent lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) inhibitor. S2157 increases H3K9 methylation and reciprocal H3K27 deacetylation at super-enhancer regions. S2157 induces apoptosis in TCP-resistant T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cells by repressing transcription of the NOTCH3 and TAL1 genes. S2157 efficiently pass through the blood-brain barrier and can almost completely eradicate CNS leukemia in mice transplanted with T-ALL cells.
  • HY-15217
    CHR-6494

    Haspin Kinase Cancer
    CHR-6494 is a potent inhibitor of haspin, with an IC50 of 2 nM. CHR-6494 inhibits histone H3T3 phosphorylation. CHR-6494 can be used in the research of cancer.
  • HY-144658
    FXIa-IN-8

    Factor Xa Cardiovascular Disease
    FXIa-IN-8 is a potent and selective FXIa inhibitor with an IC50 of 14.2 nM. FXIa-IN-8 shows antithrombotic activity without increasing the bleeding risk and obvious toxicitysup>[1].
  • HY-110350
    CHR-6494 TFA

    Haspin Kinase Cancer
    CHR-6494 TFA is a potent inhibitor of haspin, with an IC50 of 2 nM. CHR-6494 TFA inhibits histone H3T3 phosphorylation. CHR-6494 TFA induces the apoptosis of cancer cells, including melanoma and breast cancer. CHR-6494 TFA can be used in the research of cancer.
  • HY-12443
    PF-5006739

    Casein Kinase Neurological Disease
    PF-5006739 is a potent and selective inhibitor of CK1δ/ε with IC50s of 3.9 nM and 17.0 nM, respectively. PF-5006739 is a potential therapeutic agent for a range of psychiatric disorders with low nanomolar in vitro potency for CK1δ/ε and high kinome selectivity. PF-5006739 attenuats opioid drug-seeking behavior in a rodent operant reinstatement model in animals in a dose-dependent manner. PF-5006739 improves glucose tolerance in both diet-induced obesity (DIO) and genetic (ob/ob) mice models of obesity.
  • HY-16561
    Resveratrol

    trans-Resveratrol; SRT501

    IKK Autophagy Mitophagy Sirtuin Apoptosis Bacterial Fungal Antibiotic Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Resveratrol (trans-Resveratrol; SRT501), a natural polyphenolic phytoalexin that possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and anti-cancer properties. Resveratrol (SRT 501) has a wide spectrum of targets including mTOR, JAK, β-amyloid, Adenylyl cyclase, IKKβ, DNA polymerase. Resveratrol also is a specific SIRT1 activator. Resveratrol is a potent pregnane X receptor (PXR) inhibitor. Resveratrol is an Nrf2 activator, ameliorates aging-related progressive renal injury in mice model. Resveratrol increases production of NO in endothelial cells.
  • HY-144297
    HDAC1-IN-3

    HDAC Infection
    HDAC1-IN-3 is a potent Pf HDAC1 inhibitor. HDAC1-IN-3 shows antimalarial activity in wild-type and multidrug-resistant parasite strains. HDAC1-IN-3 shows a significant in vivo killing effect against all life cycles of parasites.
  • HY-16561S
    Resveratrol-d4

    trans-Resveratrol-d4; SRT501-d4

    IKK Autophagy Mitophagy Sirtuin Apoptosis Bacterial Fungal Antibiotic Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Resveratrol-d4 (trans-Resveratrol-d4) is the deuterium labeled Resveratrol. Resveratrol (trans-Resveratrol; SRT501), a natural polyphenolic phytoalexin that possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and anti-cancer properties. Resveratrol (SRT 501) has a wide spectrum of targets including mTOR, JAK, β-amyloid, Adenylyl cyclase, IKKβ, DNA polymerase. Resveratrol also is a specific SIRT1 activator. Resveratrol is a potent pregnane X receptor (PXR) inhibitor. Resveratrol is an Nrf2 activator, ameliorates aging-related progressive renal injury in mice model. Resveratrol increases production of NO in endothelial cells.
  • HY-145836
    FGFR4-IN-8

    FGFR Cancer
    FGFR4-IN-8 (Compound 7v) is an ATP-competitive, highly selective covalent inhibitor of wild-type and gatekeeper mutant FGFR4. FGFR4-IN-8 exhibits excellent potency against FGFR4, FGFR4 V550L, FGFR4 V550M and FGFR4 C552S with IC50s of 0.5, 0.25, 1.6, 931 nM, respectively. FGFR4-IN-8 exhibits potent antiproliferative activity against Hep3B hepatocellular carcinoma cells with the IC50 value of 29 nM. FGFR4-IN-8 demonstrates modest in vivo antitumor efficacy in nude mice bearing the Huh-7 xenograft model.
  • HY-16561S1
    Resveratrol-13C6

    trans-Resveratrol-13C6; SRT501-13C6

    IKK Autophagy Mitophagy Sirtuin Apoptosis Bacterial Fungal Antibiotic Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Resveratrol-13C6 (trans-Resveratrol-13C6) is the 13C-labeled Resveratrol. Resveratrol (trans-Resveratrol; SRT501), a natural polyphenolic phytoalexin that possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and anti-cancer properties. Resveratrol (SRT 501) has a wide spectrum of targets including mTOR, JAK, β-amyloid, Adenylyl cyclase, IKKβ, DNA polymerase. Resveratrol also is a specific SIRT1 activator. Resveratrol is a potent pregnane X receptor (PXR) inhibitor. Resveratrol is an Nrf2 activator, ameliorates aging-related progressive renal injury in mice model. Resveratrol increases production of NO in endothelial cells.
  • HY-146740
    PD-1/PD-L1-IN-27

    PD-1/PD-L1 Cancer
    PD-1/PD-L1-IN-27 is a potent PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor with an IC50 value of 134 nM. PD-1/PD-L1-IN-27 shows antitumor effects with low T cell cytotoxicity. PD-1/PD-L1-IN-27 has the ability to activate CD8 + T cells and reduces T cell exhaustion.
  • HY-N6792
    T-2 Toxin

    T-2 Mycotoxin

    Apoptosis DNA/RNA Synthesis Metabolic Disease
    T-2 Toxin (T-2 Mycotoxin) is a toxic trichothecene mycotoxin produced by various Fusarium species in feedstuffs and cereal grains, LD50 values of T-2 Toxin in mice and rats are 5.2 and 1.5 mg/kg BW a,respectively . T-2 Toxin (T-2 Mycotoxin) can be transformed into a variety of metabolite, the typical metabolites of T-2 toxin in animals are HT-2 toxin and T-2-triol, which are hydrolysates. T-2 Toxin (T-2 Mycotoxin) is an inhibitor of protein synthesis resulting from binding peptidyltransferase, which is an integral part of the 60s ribosomal subunit. T-2 Toxin (T-2 Mycotoxin) inhibits the synthesis of DNA and RNA, interferes with the metabolism of membrane phospholipids, and increases the level of liver lipid peroxides. T-2 Toxin (T-2 Mycotoxin) induces apoptosis in the immune system, gastrointestinal tissues, and fetal tissues.