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Results for "

oxidation

" in MCE Product Catalog:

420

Inhibitors & Agonists

8

Screening Libraries

5

Dye Reagents

3

Biochemical Assay Reagents

9

Peptides

212

Natural
Products

11

Isotope-Labeled Compounds

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-N7264
    7α-Hydroxycholesterol

    Others Metabolic Disease
    7α-Hydroxycholesterol is a cholesterol oxide and is formed by both enzymatic and non-enzymatic oxidation. 7α-Hydroxycholesterol can be used as a biomarker for lipid peroxidation.
  • HY-B0171
    Antipyrine

    Phenazone; Phenazon

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Antipyrine (Phenazone) is an antipyretic and analgesic. Antipyrine can be used as a probe drug for oxidative drug metabolism. Antipyrine has been widely used in assessment of hepatic oxidative capacity.
  • HY-W017189
    3-Phenylbutyric acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    3-Phenylbutyric acid is metabolized by initial oxidation of the benzene ring and by initial oxidation of the side chain. 3-Phenylbutyric acid can be used to isolate Rhodococcus rhodochrous PB1 from compost soil.
  • HY-W011370
    Pelargonidin chloride

    Reactive Oxygen Species Others
    Pelargonidin chloride is a scavenger of nitric oxide radical and has antioxidant activities.
  • HY-N3473
    Isomaculosidine

    NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    Isomaculosidine is an alkaloid that can be isolated from D. dasycarpus. Isomaculosidine can inhibit nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV2 microglial cells.
  • HY-101394
    Spermine NONOate

    Others Others
    Spermine NONOate is a complex of nitric oxide (NO) with spermine and acts as a NO donor. Spermine NONOate can be used for NO aqueous solutions preparing.
  • HY-133598
    3,4,5-Trichlorocatechol

    Others Cancer
    3,4,5-Trichlorocatechol is a catechol derivative of pentachlorophenol and induces oxidative DNA lesions.
  • HY-131669
    Dasatinib metabolite M6

    Dasatinib carboxylic acid

    Drug Metabolite Others
    Dasatinib metabolite M6 (Dasatinib carboxylic acid) is an oxidative metabolite of Dasatinib (HY-10181). Dasatinib is a potent and orally active dual Bcr-Abl and Src family tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
  • HY-W033577
    Tricarbonyldichlororuthenium(II) dimer

    CORM-2

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Tricarbonyldichlororuthenium(II) dimer is a pharmacological donor of CO releasing. CO releases from Tricarbonyldichlororuthenium(II) dimer prevents gastric mucosal oxidative damage induced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) improving gastric blood flow (GBF), decreasing DNA oxidation and inflammatory response on systemic level.
  • HY-B1978
    Iprodione

    Fungal Reactive Oxygen Species Infection
    Iprodione, a dicarboximide fungicide, has a highly specific action, with a capacity to cause oxidative damage through production of free oxygen radicals (ROS). Iprodione does not appear to be species selective.
  • HY-N7981
    Pratensein

    NF-κB Neurological Disease
    Pratensein, a flavonoid, ameliorates β-amyloid-induced cognitive impairment in rats via reducing oxidative damage and restoring synapse and BDNF levels.
  • HY-110084
    BTZO-1

    Apoptosis Cardiovascular Disease
    BTZO-1 binds to Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) with a Kd value of 68.6 nM, and its binding requires the N-terminal Pro1. BTZO-1 can activate antioxidant response element (ARE)-mediated gene expression and suppress oxidative stress-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis in vitro.
  • HY-N6875
    Oleuropeinic acid

    Others Metabolic Disease
    oleuropeinic acid is present initially in olive tissues or formed by the thermal treatment, possibly by the oxidation of oleuropein. Oleuropeinic acid is an antioxidant-soluble fiber.
  • HY-B0871
    Quinclorac

    Others Others
    Quinclorac, an herbicide widely applied in agriculture, induces oxidative stress due to free radical generation and changes in the antioxidant defense system.
  • HY-116513
    Adrenochrome

    Adraxone

    Others Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Adrenochrome (Adraxone) is an oxidation product of Epinephrine. Adrenochrome is a potent coronary constricting agent in the rat heart. Adrenochrome can be used for neurological disorder research.
  • HY-N0676
    Dehydroandrographolide

    Influenza Virus Infection Cancer
    Dehydroandrographolide is extracted from herbal medicine Andrographis paniculata Nees. Dehydroandrographolide reduces oxidative stress in LPS-induced acute lung injury by inactivating iNOS. Dehydroandrographolide has anti-infective activity.
  • HY-N1966
    (E)-Osmundacetone

    p38 MAPK JNK ERK Neurological Disease
    (E)-Osmundacetone is the isomer of Osmundacetone. Osmundacetone significantly suppresses the phosphorylation of MAPKs, including JNK, ERK, and p38 kinases. Osmundacetone has a neuroprotective effect against oxidative stress.
  • HY-50202A
    Etomoxir sodium salt

    (R)-(+)-Etomoxir sodium salt

    Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Etomoxir((R)-(+)-Etomoxir) sodium salt is an irreversible inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1a (CPT-1a), inhibits fatty acid oxidation (FAO) through CPT-1a and inhibits palmitate β-oxidation in human, rat and guinea pig.
  • HY-N8522
    9,10-Dihydroxystearic acid

    Others Metabolic Disease
    9,10-Dihydroxystearic acid is an oxidation product of oleic acid. 9,10-Dihydroxystearic acid can improve glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in KKAy mice.
  • HY-N6877
    Purpurogallin carboxylic acid

    Others Cancer
    Purpurogallin carboxylic acid, isolated from Macleaya microcarpa (Maxim.) Fedde, is an oxidation product of gallic acid in fermented tea. Purpurogallin carboxylic acid has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-W015422
    1,5-Isoquinolinediol

    PARP Metabolic Disease
    1,5-Isoquinolinediol is a potent PARP inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.18-0.37 µM. 1,5-Isoquinolinediol attenuates diabetes-induced NADPH oxidase-derived oxidative stress in retina.
  • HY-103348
    Boc-Asp(OMe)-fluoromethyl ketone

    Boc-Asp(OMe)-FMK

    Caspase Inflammation/Immunology
    Boc-Asp(OME)-Fluoromethyl Ketone is a broad range caspase inhibitor that inhibits Fas-mediated phagocytosis and oxidative rupture inhibition, but does not affect the chemotactic activity of IL-8.
  • HY-133023
    Indium(III) isopropoxide

    Others Others
    Indium(III) Isopropoxide is an organo-metallic compound. Indium(III) Isopropoxide uesd as a hydrogen transfer catalyst for conversion of benzylic alcohols into aldehydes or ketones via Oppenauer oxidation. Indium(III) Isopropoxide also can be used as metal precursor.
  • HY-77293
    (E)-[6]-Dehydroparadol

    Apoptosis Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer
    (E)-[6]-Dehydroparadol, an oxidative metabolite of [6]-Shogaol (HY-14616), is a potent Nrf2 activator. (E)-[6]-Dehydroparadol can inhibit the growth and induce the apoptosis of human cancer cells.
  • HY-12124
    BBS-4

    NO Synthase Cardiovascular Disease
    BBS-4 is a potent and selective inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) dimerization inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.49 nM. BBS-4 can protect mice from the cardiovascular dysfunction of sepsis.
  • HY-N8129
    Rhaponticin 6′′-O-gallate

    Others Others
    Rhaponticin 6′′-O-gallate is a stilbene glucoside gallate that can be found in rhizome of Rheum undulatum L. Rhaponticin 6′′-O-gallate inhibits nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages.
  • HY-N1100
    Vasicinone

    (-)-Vasicinone

    Others Neurological Disease
    Vasicinone is a quinazoline alkaloid isolated from the Adhatoda vasica plant. Vasicinone is a potential agent for Parkinson's disease and possibly other oxidative stress-related neurodegenerative disorders.
  • HY-W001542
    5-Hydroxyoxindole

    Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    5-Hydroxyoxindole is a structural analog of uric acid. 5-Hydroxyoxindole has DPPH radical scavenging activities and lipid peroxidation-inhibitory activities. 5-Hydroxyoxindole can be used for the research of oxidative stress-mediated disorders.
  • HY-136185
    Atorvastatin Epoxy Tetrahydrofuran Impurity

    Others Others
    Atorvastatin Epoxy Tetrahydrofuran Impurity is an impurity isolated oxidative degradation products of Atorvastatin (HY-B0589). Atorvastatin is an orally active HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, has the ability to effectively decrease blood lipids.
  • HY-134832
    Mito-LND

    Mito-Lonidamine

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Reactive Oxygen Species Autophagy Cancer
    Mito-LND (Mito-Lonidamine) is an orally active and mitochondria-targeted inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). Mito-LND inhibits mitochondrial bioenergetics, stimulates the formation of reactive oxygen species, and induces autophagic cell death in lung cancer cells.
  • HY-129051
    Amoscanate

    CGP4540

    Others Others
    Amoscanate (cgp4540) is phenyl isothiocyanate in which the hydrogen at the para-position has been replaced by a 4-nitroanilinyl group. Amoscanate is an anti-schistosomal agent. Amoscanate, as an isothiocyanate compound and uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation, potently injures rodent ependyma.
  • HY-N6005
    Methyl caffeate

    Bacterial Cancer Infection
    Methyl caffeate, an antimicrobial agent, shows moderate antimicrobial and prominent antimycobacterial activities. Methyl caffeate also exhibits α-glucosidase inhibition activity, oxidative stress inhibiting activity, anti-platelet activity, antiproliferative activity in cervix adenocarcinoma and anticancer activity in lung and leukmia cell lines.
  • HY-N6782
    Oligomycin

    ATP Synthase Fungal Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Oligomycin, an antifungal antibiotic, is an inhibitor of H +-ATP-synthase. Oligomycin blocks oxidative phosphorylation and the electron transport chain. Oligomycin inhibits HIF-1alpha expression in hypoxic tumor cells.
  • HY-N0325
    DL-Methionine

    Parasite Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    DL-Methionine is an essential amino acid containing sulfur with oxidative stress defense effects. DL-Methionine can be used for animal natural feed. DL-Methionine also kills H. rostochiensis on potato plants.
  • HY-N2565
    Rosamultin

    HIV Protease Infection
    Rosamultin is a 19 α-hydroxyursane-type triterpenoid isolated from Potentilla anserina L. Rosamultin has inhibitory effects against HIV-1 protease. Rosamultin has the potential for treating H2O2-induced oxidative stress injury through its antioxidant and antiapoptosis effects.
  • HY-17406
    Tolcapone

    Ro 40-7592

    COMT Amyloid-β Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    Tolcapone (Ro 40-7592) is a selective, orally active and powerful mixed (peripheral and central) COMT inhibitor with an IC50 of 773 nM in the liver. Tolcapone is also a potent inhibitor of α-syn and Aβ42 oligomerization and fibrillogenesis. Tolcapone induces oxidative stress leading to apoptosis and inhibition of tumor growth in neuroblastoma.
  • HY-138616
    dGTP

    2'-Deoxyguanosine-5'-triphosphate

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Cancer Infection
    dGTP (2'-Deoxyguanosine-5'-triphosphate), a guanosine nucleotide, can be used in deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis. Guanosine nucleotides (GDP, GTP, dGDP, and dGTP) are highly susceptible to oxidative damage to 8-oxo-GDP (8-O-GDP), 8-O-dGTP, 8-O-GTP, and 8-O-dGTP.
  • HY-126015
    P053

    Acyltransferase Metabolic Disease
    P053 is a potent, non-competitive and selective ceramide synthase 1 (CerS1) inhibitor wirh an IC50 of 0.5 μM. P053 acts as an endogenous inhibitor of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation in muscle. Whole-body adiposity regulator.
  • HY-N3426
    Kazinol B

    NO Synthase Akt AMPK Metabolic Disease
    Kazinol B, a prenylated flavan with a dimethyl pyrane ring, is an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) production. Kazinol B improves insulin sensitivity by enhancing glucose uptake via the insulin-Akt signaling pathway and AMPK activation. Kazinol B has the potential for diabetes mellitus research.
  • HY-P1184
    HNGF6A

    Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    HNGF6A is a humanin analogue. HNGF6A increases glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and glucose metabolism, and has the potential for diabetes research. HNGF6A inhibits of ROS production during oxidative stress. HNGF6A can prevent endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis in vivo.
  • HY-12040
    Elesclomol

    STA-4783

    Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Cancer
    Elesclomol (STA-4783) is an oxidative stress inducer that induces cancer cell apoptosis. Elesclomol is a reactive oxygen species (ROS) inducer. Elesclomol shows antitumor activity against a broad range of cancer cell types. Elesclomol is also a highly lipophilic Cu 2+-binding molecule. Elesclomol can be used for Menkes and associated disorders of hereditary copper deficiency research.
  • HY-14664A
    Fluvastatin sodium

    XU 62-320

    HMG-CoA Reductase (HMGCR) Autophagy Ferroptosis Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Fluvastatin sodium (XU 62320) is a first fully synthetic, competitive HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor with an IC50 of 8 nM. Fluvastatin sodium protects vascular smooth muscle cells against oxidative stress through the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant pathway.
  • HY-12406
    VLX600

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Autophagy Cancer
    VLX600 is an iron-chelating inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). VLX600 causes mitochondrial dysfunction and induces a strong shift to glycolysis. VLX600 displays selective cytotoxic activity against malignant cell and induces autophagy. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-131394
    5-Hydroxymethyl-2’-deoxycytidine

    5hmdC

    Others Cancer
    5-Hydroxymethyl-2’-deoxycytidine (5hmdC) is an oxidation derivative of 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine (5-mdC) in DNA. 5-Hydroxymethyl-2’-deoxycytidine may serve as a marker of irreversibly damaged cells.
  • HY-108351
    IM-54

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    IM-54 is a selective inhibitor of oxidative stress-induced necrosis. IM-54 shows potent inhibitory activity against H2O2-induced necrosis. IM-54 acts as a potential cardioprotective agent and biological tool for investigating the molecular mechanisms of cell death.
  • HY-14664
    Fluvastatin

    XU 62-320 free acid

    HMG-CoA Reductase (HMGCR) Autophagy Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Fluvastatin (XU 62-320 free acid) is a first fully synthetic, competitive HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor with an IC50 of 8 nM. Fluvastatin protects vascular smooth muscle cells against oxidative stress through the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant pathway.
  • HY-P1184A
    HNGF6A TFA

    Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    HNGF6A TFA is a humanin analogue. HNGF6A TFA increases glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and glucose metabolism, and has the potential for diabetes research. HNGF6A TFA inhibits of ROS production during oxidative stress. HNGF6A TFA can prevent endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis in vivo.
  • HY-N7056
    4'-Hydroxychalcone

    Proteasome Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    4'-Hydroxychalcone is a chalcone isolated from licorice root, with hepatoprotective activity. 4'-Hydroxychalcone inhibits TNFα-induced NF-κB activation via proteasome inhibition. 4'-Hydroxychalcone induces a rapid potassium release from mitochondrial vesicles and causes deterioration of respiratory control and oxidative phosphorylation of isolated rat liver mitochondria.
  • HY-112037
    IACS-010759

    IACS-10759

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Cancer
    IACS-010759 is an orally active, potent mitochondrial complex I of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) inhibitor. IACS-010759 inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in models of brain cancer and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) reliant on OXPHOS. IACS-010759 has the potential for relapsed/refractory AML and solid tumors research.
  • HY-126415
    Magnesium Lithospermate B

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Magnesium Lithospermate B, a derivative of caffeic acid tetramer, and is extracted from Salviae miltiorrhizae. Magnesium Lithospermate B is widely used for the research of cardiovascular diseases, and it can protect against glucose-induced intracellular oxidative damage. Magnesium Lithospermate B also suppresses neuroinflammation and attenuates neurodegeneration.
  • HY-113466
    4-Hydroxynonenal

    4-HNE

    Aldehyde Dehydrogenase (ALDH) Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) is an α,β unsaturated hydroxyalkenal and an oxidative/nitrosative stress biomarker. 4-Hydroxynonenal is a substrate and an inhibitor of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2). 4-Hydroxynonenal can modulate a number of signaling processes mainly through forming covalent adducts with nucleophilic functional groups in proteins, nucleic acids, and membrane lipids. 4-Hydroxynonenal plays an important role in cancer through mitochondria.
  • HY-130801
    5-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyuridine

    5-OHdU

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    5-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyuridine (5-OHdU) is a major stable oxidation product of 2'-Deoxycytidine. 5-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyuridine can be incorporated into DNA in vitro by DNA polymerase.
  • HY-112037A
    IACS-010759 hydrochloride

    IACS-10759 hydrochloride

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Cancer
    IACS-010759 hydrochlorideis an orally active, potent mitochondrial complex I of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) inhibitor. IACS-010759 hydrochlorideinhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in models of brain cancer and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) reliant on OXPHOS. IACS-010759 hydrochloride has the potential for relapsed/refractory AML and solid tumors research.
  • HY-100645
    Trimethoprim 3-oxide

    Trimethoprim 3-N-oxide

    Drug Metabolite Others
    Trimethoprim 3-oxide (Trimethoprim 3-N-oxide) is the primary metabolite of trimethoprim.
  • HY-N7526
    Naphthazarin

    DHNQ; 5,8-Dihydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone

    Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    Naphthazarin (DHNQ) is a naturally occurring compound. Naphthazarin is effective by various cellular mechanisms including oxidative stress, activation of mitochondrial apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF), depolymerization of microtubules, interference with lysosomal function and p53-dependent p21 activation. Naphthazarin triggers apoptosis and has anti-tumor effects.
  • HY-116832
    Retrorsine N-oxide

    Others Cancer
    Retrorsine N-oxide, an N-oxide of pyrrolizidine alkaloid, is a carcinogen. Retrorsine N-oxide-derived DNA adducts are common toxicological biomarkers of pyrrolizidine alkaloid N-oxides.
  • HY-100644
    Trimethoprim N-oxide

    Trimethoprim 1-N-oxide

    Drug Metabolite Infection
    Trimethoprim N-oxide (Trimethoprim 1-N-oxide) belongs to human urinary metabolites. Trimethoprim N-oxide is generated by oxidation of nitrogen atoms in the pyrimidine ring. Trimethoprim N-oxide is formed predominantly by CYP1A2 in human liver microsomes.
  • HY-N1193
    Sulfuretin

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    Sulfuretin inhibits the inflammatory response by suppressing the NF-κB pathway. Sulfuretin can be used for the research of allergic airway inflammation. Sulfuretin reduces oxidative stress, platelet aggregation, and mutagenesis. Sulfuretin is a competitive and potent inhibitor of monophenolase and diphenolase activities with the IC50 of 13.64 μM.
  • HY-15509A
    Semapimod tetrahydrochloride

    CNI-1493; CPSI-2364 tetrahydrochloride

    TNF Receptor Interleukin Related p38 MAPK Inflammation/Immunology
    Semapimod tetrahydrochloride (CNI-1493), an inhibitor of proinflammatory cytokine production, can inhibit TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6. Semapimod tetrahydrochloride inhibits TLR4 signaling (IC50≈0.3 μM). Semapimod tetrahydrochloride inhibits p38 MAPK and nitric oxide production in macrophages. Semapimod tetrahydrochloride has potential in a variety of inflammatory and autoimmune disorders.
  • HY-135586
    Raloxifene N-Oxide

    Drug Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Raloxifene N-Oxide is a Raloxifene oxidative degradation product.
  • HY-W062836
    BAY 41-8543

    Guanylate Cyclase Cardiovascular Disease
    BAY 41-8543 is an orally active, nitric oxide (NO)-independent stimulator of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC). BAY 41-8543 has vasodilator activity in the pulmonary and systemic vascular beds in the rat. BAY 41-8543 has antiplatelet effects and has the potential for cardiovascular diseases research.
  • HY-110282
    S3QEL-2

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Metabolic Disease
    S3QEL-2, a suppressor of superoxide production from mitochondrial complex III, potently and selectively suppresses site IIIQo superoxide production (IC50=1.7 μM). S3QEL-2 does not affect oxidative phosphorylation, and normal electron flux. S3QEL-2 inhibits HIF-1α accumulation.
  • HY-14664DS
    (3S,5R)-Fluvastatin D6

    (3S,5R)-XU 62-320 free acid D6

    Autophagy Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    (3S,5R)-Fluvastatin D6 is the deuterium labeled (3S,5R)-Fluvastatin sodium. Fluvastatin is a first fully synthetic, competitive HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor with an IC50 of 8 nM. Fluvastatin protects vascular smooth muscle cells against oxidative stress through the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant pathway.
  • HY-14664B
    (3R,5S)-Fluvastatin

    (3R,5S)-XU 62-320 free acid

    HMG-CoA Reductase (HMGCR) Autophagy Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    (3R,5S)-Fluvastatin is the 3R,5S-isomer Fluvastatin. Fluvastatin (XU 62-320 free acid) is a first fully synthetic, competitive HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor with an IC50 of 8 nM. Fluvastatin protects vascular smooth muscle cells against oxidative stress through the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant pathway.
  • HY-N2561
    Seneciphylline N-Oxide

    Others Cancer
    Seneciphylline N-Oxide is a dehydrogenation product of Senecionine N-oxide. Seneciphylline N-Oxide is a natural compound isolated from root cultures of Senecio erucifolius (Asteraceae).
  • HY-G0011S
    Netupitant N-oxide D6

    Drug Metabolite Neurological Disease Endocrinology
    Netupitant N-oxide D6 is the deuterium labeled Netupitant N-oxide, which is a metabolite of Netupitant.
  • HY-136093A
    IM156

    HL156A; HL271 acetate

    AMPK Cancer Neurological Disease
    IM156 (HL156A; HL271 acetate), a chemical derivative of Metformin (HY-B0627), is a potent and orally active AMPK activator that increases AMPK phosphorylation. IM156 attenuates aging-associated cognitive impairment in animal model. IM156 is a potent oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) inhibitor which can be used for the research of solid tumors.
  • HY-132337S
    Galanthamine N-Oxide-d3

    AChE Neurological Disease
    Galanthamine N-Oxide-d3 is the deuterium labeled Galanthamine N-Oxide. Galanthamine N-Oxide is an alkaloid obtained from the bulbs of Zephyranthes concolor. Galanthamine N-Oxide inhibits electric eel acetylcholinesterase (AChE) with an EC50 of 26.2 μM. Galanthamine N-Oxide is a prominent inhibitor of substrate accommodation in the active site of the Torpedo californica AChE (TcAChE), hAChE and hBChE enzymes.
  • HY-N1402
    Oxysophoridine

    Sophoridine N-oxide

    Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Oxysophoridine (Sophoridine N-oxide) is a bioactive alkaloid extracted from the Sophora alopecuroides Linn. Oxysophoridine (Sophoridine N-oxide) shows anti inflammatory, anti oxidative stress and anti apoptosis effects.
  • HY-W010104A
    Methionine sulfoxide

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Methionine sulfoxide is an oxidation product of methionine with reactive oxygen species and can be regarded as a biomarker of oxidative stress in vivo.
  • HY-136093
    HL271

    IM156 hydrochloride; HL156A hydrochloride

    AMPK Cancer Neurological Disease
    HL271 (IM156 hydrochloride; HL156A hydrochloride), a chemical derivative of Metformin (HY-B0627), is a potent AMPK activator that increases AMPK phosphorylation. HL271 attenuates aging-associated cognitive impairment in animal model. HL271 is a potent oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) inhibitor which can be used for the research of solid tumors.
  • HY-133590
    Heliotrine N-oxide

    Others Cancer
    Heliotrine N-oxide is the corresponding PA (pyrrolizidine alkaloid) N-oxide of Heliotrine (HY-126128). Heliotrine N-oxide leads to the formation of pyrrolic DNA adducts and potential initiation of PA-induced liver tumors in vivo.
  • HY-133110
    Afatinib N-Oxide

    Others Others
    Afatinib N-Oxide is a impurity of Afatinib dimaleate in oxidative degradation. Afatinib dimaleate is an irreversible EGFR family inhibitor.
  • HY-N9512
    Lycopsamine N-oxide

    Others Others
    Lycopsamine N-oxide, an N-oxide of Lycopsamine which is a pyrrolizidine alkaloid, can be found in honey and bee pollen.
  • HY-111310
    ML351

    Lipoxygenase Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    ML351 is a potent and highly specific 15-LOX-1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 200 nM. ML351 shows excellent selectivity (>250-fold) versus the related isozymes, 5-LOX, platelet 12-LOX, 15-LOX-2, ovine COX-1, and human COX-2. ML351 prevents dysglycemia and reduces β-cell oxidative stress in nonobese diabetic mouse model of T1D.
  • HY-123033A
    Nicotinamide riboside chloride

    Sirtuin Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Nicotinamide riboside Chloride, an orally active NAD + precursor, increases NAD + levels and activates SIRT1 and SIRT3. Nicotinamide riboside Chloride is a source of vitamin B3 (niacin) and enhances oxidative metabolism, protection against high fat diet-induced metabolic abnormalities. Nicotinamide riboside Chloride reduces cognitive deterioration in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-123033
    Nicotinamide riboside

    Sirtuin Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Nicotinamide riboside, an orally active NAD + precursor, increases NAD + levels and activates SIRT1 and SIRT3. Nicotinamide riboside is a source of vitamin B3 (niacin) and enhances oxidative metabolism, protection against high fat diet-induced metabolic abnormalities. Nicotinamide riboside reduces cognitive deterioration in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-N9511
    Jacobine N-oxide

    Others Others
    Jacobine N-oxide, an N-oxide of Jacobine which is a pyrrolizidine alkaloid, can be found in Senecio hybrids that has thrips resistance.
  • HY-123033B
    Nicotinamide riboside tartrate

    Sirtuin Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Nicotinamide riboside tartrate, an orally active NAD + precursor, increases NAD + levels and activates SIRT1 and SIRT3. Nicotinamide riboside tartrate is a source of vitamin B3 (niacin) and enhances oxidative metabolism, protection against high fat diet-induced metabolic abnormalities. Nicotinamide riboside tartrate reduces cognitive deterioration in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-123033C
    Nicotinamide riboside malate

    Sirtuin Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Nicotinamide riboside malate, an orally active NAD + precursor, increases NAD + levels and activates SIRT1 and SIRT3. Nicotinamide riboside malate is a source of vitamin B3 (niacin) and enhances oxidative metabolism, protection against high fat diet-induced metabolic abnormalities. Nicotinamide riboside malate reduces cognitive deterioration in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-N2628
    Erigeroside

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Erigeroside is as a derivatives of -glucose extracted from Satureja khuzistanica Jamzad. Erigeroside has good ability of anti-oxidation and scavenging oxidation free radical.
  • HY-N6848
    Acetylseneciphylline N-oxide

    Others Infection
    Acetylseneciphylline N-oxide is a pyrrolizine alkaloid that is seneciphylline in which the hydroxy hydrogen is replaced by an acetyl group and the tertiary amino function is oxidised to the corresponding N-oxide.
  • HY-100636
    Gefitinib N-oxide

    EGFR Cancer
    Gefitinib N-oxide is the N-oxide derivative of Gefitinib. Gefitinib is an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, with IC50 of 2-37 nM in NR6wtEGFR cells.
  • HY-N6637
    Senecionine N-oxide

    Others Cancer
    Senecionine n-oxide is the primary product of pyrrolizidine alkaloid biosynthesis in root cultures of Senecio vulgaris. Senecionine N-oxide has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-N7263
    Galanthamine N-Oxide

    AChE Neurological Disease
    Galanthamine N-Oxide is an alkaloid obtained from the bulbs of Zephyranthes concolor. Galanthamine N-Oxide inhibits electric eel acetylcholinesterase (AChE) with an EC50 of 26.2 μM. Galanthamine N-Oxide is a prominent inhibitor of substrate accommodation in the active site of the Torpedo californica AChE (TcAChE), hAChE and hBChE enzymes.
  • HY-101175
    3-Bromo-7-nitroindazole

    NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    3-Bromo-7-nitroindazole is a more potent and selective inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) than eNOS or inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). 3-Bromo-7-nitroindazole affects the intercellular messenger nitric oxide (NO) synthesis throughout the body and brain.
  • HY-133004
    Fenbutatin oxide

    Parasite Infection
    Fenbutatin oxide is an organotin acaricide.
  • HY-B1061
    Nicotinic acid N-oxide

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Nicotinic acid N-oxide is used to treat hyperlipoidemia.
  • HY-108915
    Trimethylamine N-oxide dihydrate

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Trimethylamine N-oxide dihydrate is an endogenous metabolite.
  • HY-B1393
    Dehydrocholic acid

    Others Endocrinology
    Dehydrocholic acid is a synthetic bile acid, manufactured by the oxidation of cholic acid.
  • HY-100639
    Roflumilast N-oxide

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Inflammation/Immunology
    Roflumilast N-oxide is a PDE type 4 inhibitor.
  • HY-B0543
    Allylthiourea

    Thiosinamine; N-Allylthiourea

    Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Disease
    Allylthiourea is a metabolic inhibitor that selective inhibits ammonia oxidation.
  • HY-Y0569
    D-Gluconic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Fungal Infection Metabolic Disease
    D-Gluconic acid is the carboxylic acid by the oxidation with antiseptic and chelating properties.
  • HY-116084
    Trimethylamine N-oxide

    NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Reactive Oxygen Species TGF-beta/Smad Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimethylamine N-oxide is a gut microbe-dependent metabolite of dietary choline and other trimethylamine-containing nutrients. Trimethylamine N-oxide induces inflammation by activating the ROS/NLRP3 inflammasome. Trimethylamine N-oxide also accelerates fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiation and induces cardiac fibrosis by activating the TGF-β/smad2 signaling pathway.
  • HY-114202
    delta-Valerobetaine

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    delta-Valerobetaine is a precursor of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO).
  • HY-W008646
    7,8-Dihydro-L-biopterin

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    7,8-Dihydro-L-biopterin is an oxidation product of tetrahydrobiopterin.
  • HY-N0339
    Syringic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Bacterial Metabolic Disease
    Syringic acid is correlated with high antioxidant activity and inhibition of LDL oxidation.
  • HY-N8120
    Bisabolone oxide A

    Glucosidase Metabolic Disease
    Bisabolone oxide A is an α-glucosidase inhibitor.
  • HY-125785A
    2-Mercaptopyridine N-oxide sodium

    Bacterial Infection
    2-Mercaptopyridine N-oxide sodium has bactericidal effect and is against a standard strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (ATCC 27294) with MIC90 of 7.20 μM. 2-Mercaptopyridine N-oxide sodium and its complex with iron, gallium, and bismuth have good anti-M. tuberculosis activity. 2-Mercaptopyridine N-oxide sodium has potential for the treatment of tuberculosis.
  • HY-50202
    Etomoxir

    (R)-(+)-Etomoxir

    Apoptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Etomoxir ((R)-(+)-Etomoxir) is an irreversible inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1a (CPT-1a), inhibits fatty acid oxidation (FAO) through CPT-1a and inhibits palmitate β-oxidation in human, rat and guinea pig.
  • HY-101410
    SDMA

    Symmetric dimethylarginine; NG,NG'-Dimethyl-L-arginine

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    SDMA (Symmetric dimethylarginine) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity.
  • HY-113277
    3-Methyladipic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    3-Methyladipic acid is the final metabolite in the ω-oxidation pathway.
  • HY-W012946
    2-Furoic acid

    Furan-2-carboxylic acid

    ATP Citrate Lyase Acyltransferase Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    2-Furoic acid (Furan-2-carboxylic acid) is an organic compound produced through furfural oxidation. 2-Furoic acid exhibits hypolipidemic effet, lowers both serum cholesterol and serum triglyceride levels in rats.
  • HY-N0519
    Calycosin

    Cyclosin

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Calycosin (Cyclosin) is a natural active compound with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammation activity.
  • HY-N0741A
    Leonurine hydrochloride

    SCM-198 hydrochloride

    Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Leonurine hydrochloride is an alkaloid isolated from Herba leonuri, with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory.
  • HY-U00432
    S-MTC

    NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    S-MTC is a selective type I nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor.
  • HY-N0741
    Leonurine

    SCM-198

    Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Leonurine is an alkaloid isolated from Herba leonuri, with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory.
  • HY-17594
    Oxyclozanide

    Parasite Infection
    Oxyclozanide is a salicylanilide anthelmintic drug that mainly acts by uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation in flukes.
  • HY-N8117
    Bisabolol oxide A

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Bisabolol oxide A possesses antihyperalgesic and antiedematous effects with oral activity.
  • HY-N0455
    L-Arginine

    (S)-(+)-Arginine

    NO Synthase Endogenous Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    L-Arginine ((S)-(+)-Arginine) is the substrate for the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) to generate NO. L-Arginine is transported into vascular smooth muscle cells by the cationic amino acid transporter family of proteins where it is metabolized to nitric oxide (NO), polyamines, or L-proline.
  • HY-N0526
    2"-O-Galloylhyperin

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    2"-O-Galloylhyperin, an active compound isolated from Pyrola incarnate Fisch., possesses anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. 2"-O-Galloylhyperin has hepatoprotective effect against oxidative stress-induced liver damage.
  • HY-138454
    MEG hemisulfate

    Mercaptoethylguanidine hemisulfate

    NO Synthase Inflammation/Immunology
    MEG (Mercaptoethylguanidine) hemisulfate is a potent and selective inhibitor of the inducible NO synthase (iNOS), with EC50s of 11.5, 110, and 60 μM for iNOS, ecNOS, and bNOS respectively in tissue homogenates. MEG hemisulfate is also a potent scavenger of peroxynitrite and inhibits peroxynitrite-induced oxidative processes. MEG hemisulfate has a protective effect in many experimental models of inflammation, including ischemia/reperfusion injury, periodontitis, hemorrhagic shock, inflammatory bowel disease, and endotoxic and septic shock.
  • HY-113201
    Tetradecanoylcarnitine

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Tetradecanoylcarnitine is a human carnitine involved in β-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids.
  • HY-N0644
    Carnosic acid

    Apoptosis Bacterial Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Carnosic acid has demonstrated inhibition of oxidative stress and inflammation, suppression of cell proliferation, and antibacterial activity.
  • HY-113262
    8-Hydroxyguanosine

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    8-Hydroxyguanosine is a systematic marker of oxidative stress and a marker of hydroxyl radical damage to RNA.
  • HY-78237
    Nelociguat

    BAY60-4552

    Guanylate Cyclase Cardiovascular Disease
    Nelociguat (BAY60-4552) is a nitric oxide sensitive soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator.
  • HY-G0011
    Netupitant metabolite Netupitant N-oxide

    Netupitant N-oxide

    Drug Metabolite Neurological Disease Endocrinology
    Netupitant N-oxide is the metabolite of Netupitant, which is a highly selective NK1 receptor antagonist.
  • HY-16772
    Vatiquinone

    EPI-743

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Ferroptosis Neurological Disease
    Vatiquinone is a potent cellular oxidative stress protectant, which could be used for the study for mitochondrial diseases.
  • HY-W011540
    8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine is a critical biomarker of oxidative stress and carcinogenesis.
  • HY-B1142
    Lipoamide

    (±)-α-Lipoamide; DL-Lipoamide; DL-6,8-Thioctamide

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Lipoamide is a coenzyme, which transfer acetyl and hydrogen in Pyruvate deacylation oxidation Process, used for pharmaceuticals.
  • HY-19504
    AVE3085

    NO Synthase Cardiovascular Disease
    AVE3085 is a potent endothelial nitric oxide synthase enhancer, used for cardiovascular disease treatment.
  • HY-N6828
    Monocrotaline N-Oxide

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Monocrotaline N-Oxide, a monocrotaline metabolite, leads to DNA adduct formation in vivo.
  • HY-N8180
    Silyamandin

    Others Others
    Silyamandin is a flavonolignan compound. Silydianin can form Silyamandin through oxidative degradation.
  • HY-101407
    Nicotinamide N-oxide

    CXCR Drug Metabolite Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Endocrinology
    Nicotinamide N-oxide, an in vivo nicotinamide metabolite, is a potent, and selective antagonist of the CXCR2 receptor.
  • HY-P1506
    [Nle11]-Substance P

    Neurokinin Receptor Neurological Disease Endocrinology
    [Nle11]-Substance P is a substance P analog that avoids methionine oxidation problems.
  • HY-139448
    Carboxyebselen

    HOOC-Ebs

    NO Synthase Cardiovascular Disease
    Carboxyebselen (HOOC-Ebs) is a potent and selective inhibitor of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS).
  • HY-110284
    BAM 15

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Others
    BAM 15 is a mitochondrial protonophore uncoupler. BAM 15 is an oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) uncoupler.
  • HY-100116A
    Mitoquinone mesylate

    MitoQ mesylate; MitoQ10 mesylate

    Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Mitoquinone mesylate is a TPP-based, mitochondrially targeted antioxidant in order to protect against oxidative damage.
  • HY-N2204
    Swertiajaponin

    Tyrosinase Inflammation/Immunology
    Swertiajaponin is a tyrosinase inhibitor, forms multiple hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions with the binding pocket of tyrosinase, with an IC50 of 43.47 μM. Swertiajaponin also inhibits oxidative stress-mediated MAPK/MITF signaling, leading to decrease in tyrosinase protein level. Swertiajaponin suppresses melanin accumulation and exhibits strong anti-oxidative activity.
  • HY-G0014S
    Quetiapine Sulfoxide-d8

    Drug Metabolite Neurological Disease
    Quetiapine Sulfoxide-d8 (Quetiapine S-oxide-d8) is the deuterium labeled Quetiapine sulfoxide. Quetiapine sulfoxide (Quetiapine S-oxide) is a main metabolite of Quetiapinem. Quetiapine is a second-generation antipsychotic. Quetiapine is a 5-HT receptors agonist and a dopamine receptor antagonist.
  • HY-D0844
    Glutathione oxidized

    L-Glutathione oxidized; GSSG; Oxiglutatione

    Endogenous Metabolite Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Disease
    Glutathione oxidized (L-Glutathione oxidized) is produced by the oxidation of glutathione which is a major intracellular antioxidant and detoxifying agent.
  • HY-113306
    1-Methyladenine

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    1-Methyladenine is a product of alkylation damage in DNA which can be repaired by damage reversal by oxidative demethylation.
  • HY-B1897A
    Menadione bisulfite sodium

    Menadione sodium bisulfite; Vitamin K3 sodium bisulfite

    Others Others
    Menadione bisulfite (sodium) is used as an agent to induce acute oxidative stress, and to function as a plant-defense activator against several pathogens.
  • HY-N6827
    Usaramine N-oxide

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Usaramine N-oxide, a flavonoid isolated from Crotalaria pallida, possesses anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-N2437
    Methylophiopogonanone A

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Methylophiopogonanone A, a major homoisoflavonoid in Ophiopogon japonicas, has both anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • HY-133152S
    Brexpiprazole S-oxide D8

    DM-3411 D8

    5-HT Receptor Dopamine Receptor Neurological Disease
    Brexpiprazole S-oxide D8 (DM-3411 D8) is a deuterium labeled Brexpiprazole S-oxide. Brexpiprazole S-oxide is a main metabolite of Brexpiprazole and is metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). Brexpiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic agent and a partial agonist of human 5-HT1A and dopamine receptor with Kis of 0.12 nM and 0.3 nM, respectively. Brexpiprazole is also a 5-HT2A receptor antagonist with a Ki of 0.47 nM.
  • HY-N4207
    Cnidicin

    Others Others
    Cnidicin, a coumarin, inhibits the degranulation of mast cell and the nitric oxide (NO) generation in RAW 264.7 cells.
  • HY-113216
    Asymmetric dimethylarginine

    Endogenous Metabolite NO Synthase Cardiovascular Disease
    Asymmetric dimethylarginine is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and functions as a marker of endothelial dysfunction in a number of pathological states.
  • HY-N1317
    Salirepin

    Others Neurological Disease
    Salirepin is a phenolic glycoside from fruits of Idesia polycarpa, inhibits LPS-induced nitric oxide production.
  • HY-N3544
    Caryophyllene oxide

    (-)-Caryophyllene oxide

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Caryophyllene oxide, isolated from from Annona squamosa L. bark., possesses analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-109804
    CORM-401

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    CORM-401 is an oxidant-sensitive CO-releasing molecule, can be used in the research of inflammatory and oxidative stress-mediated pathologies.
  • HY-105529
    Indicine N-oxide

    (+)-Indicine N-oxide; NSC 132319

    Others Cancer
    Indicine N-oxide (NSC 132319), a pyrrolizidine alkaloid, is an antitumor agent for pediatric cancer and solid tumors research.
  • HY-N0016
    Glycitein

    Glycetein

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Glycitein is a soybean (yellow cultivar) isoflavonoid; used in combination with other isoflavonoids such as genistein and daidzein to study apoptosis and anti-oxidation processes.
  • HY-N0073
    Sarsasapogenin

    Parigenin; Sarsagenin

    NF-κB Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Sarsasapogenin is a sapogenin from the Chinese medical herb Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge, with antidiabetic, anti-oxidative, anticancer and anti-inflamatory activities.
  • HY-N0458
    Pedunculoside

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Metabolic Disease
    Pedunculoside exerts lipid-lowering effects partly through the regulation of lipogenesis and fatty acid β-oxidation.
  • HY-B2246
    L-Carnitine hydrochloride

    (R)-Carnitine hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Carnitine hydrochloride ((R)-Carnitine hydrochloride), a highly polar, small zwitterion, is an essential co-factor for the mitochondrial β-oxidation pathway. L-Carnitine hydrochloride functions to transport long chain fatty acyl-CoAs into the mitochondria for degradation by β-oxidation. L-Carnitine hydrochloride is an antioxidant. L-Carnitine hydrochloride can ameliorate metabolic imbalances in many inborn errors of metabolism.
  • HY-N0061
    Ethyl ferulate

    Reactive Oxygen Species Neurological Disease
    Ethyl ferulate, a naturally lipophilic derivative of ferulic acid originally derived from giant fennel (F. communis), induces heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and protects rat neurons against oxidative stress. Ethyl ferulate also protects neurons against amyloid β peptide (1-42)-induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity.
  • HY-N7937
    γ-Asarone

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    γ-Asarone, a phenylpropene, shows strong correlation with the biological activities (anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and neurotrophic effects).
  • HY-111095
    D-(-)-Lactic acid

    (R)-2-Hydroxypropionic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    D-(-)-Lactic acid is a normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. D-(-)-Lactic acid is identified to be a competitive inhibitor of ProDH (proline dehydrogenase) in plants.
  • HY-100941
    CCCP

    Carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone; Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenylhydrazone

    STING IFNAR Mitochondrial Metabolism Bacterial Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    CCCP is an oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) uncoupler. CCCP induces activation of PINK1 leading to Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation.
  • HY-136428
    Desoxycarbadox

    Others Cancer
    Desoxycarbadox is a metabolite of Carbadox (HY-B1340). Carbadox is a quinoxaline-di-N-oxide antibiotic compound.
  • HY-N0455A
    L-Arginine hydrochloride

    (S)-(+)-Arginine hydrochloride

    NO Synthase Endogenous Metabolite Others
    L-Arginine hydrochloride ((S)-(+)-Arginine hydrochloride) is the nitrogen donor for synthesis of nitric oxide, a potent vasodilator that is deficient during times of sickle cell crisis.
  • HY-101757
    NO-prednisolone

    NCX-1015

    Interleukin Related Inflammation/Immunology
    NO-prednisolone is a nitric oxide (NO)-releasing derivative of Prednisolone. NO-prednisolone potently stimulates IL-10 production in vivo.
  • HY-W040262
    Chlorimuron-ethyl

    Others Others
    Chlorimuron-ethyl induces oxidative stress. Chlorimuron-ethyl is an important herbicide that has been widely used in soybean production.
  • HY-136278
    DETA NONOate

    Diethylamine NONOate; NOC-18

    NO Synthase Cardiovascular Disease
    DETA NONOate (NOC-18) is an exogenous nitric oxide (NO) donor. DETA NONOate exerts neuroprotective effects in vitro.
  • HY-100410
    FCCP

    Carbonyl cyanide 4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer
    FCCP is an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in mitochondria. FCCP induces activation of PINK1 leading to Parkin Ser65 phosphorylation.
  • HY-N0783
    Eupatilin

    PPAR Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease Cancer
    Eupatilin, a lipophilic flavonoid isolated from Artemisia species, is a PPARα agonist, and possesses anti-apoptotic, anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-N9513
    Echimidine N-oxide

    AChE Neurological Disease
    Echimidine N-oxide, a pyrrolizidine alkaloid, has acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity (IC50=0.347 mM).
  • HY-N9349
    Malvidin-3-O-arabinoside chloride

    AMPK Autophagy Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Malvidin-3-O-arabinoside chloride ameliorates ethyl carbamate-induced oxidative damage by stimulating AMPK-mediated autophagy.
  • HY-133794
    Dasatinib N-oxide

    Drug Metabolite Cancer
    Dasatinib N-oxide is a minor metabolite of Dasatinib. Dasatinib is a potent and orally active dual Src/Bcr-Abl inhibitor.
  • HY-W011704A
    Phosphoenolpyruvic acid tricyclohexylammoniu​m salt

    Others Others
    Phosphoenolpyruvic acid tricyclohexylammoniu​m salt is a glycolysis metabolite with a high-energy phosphate group, penetrates the cell membrane and exhibits cytoprotective and anti-oxidative activity.
  • HY-100623
    Dofetilide N-oxide

    UK-116856

    Potassium Channel Cardiovascular Disease
    Dofetilide N-oxide (UK-116856) is a metabolite of Dofetilide. Dofetilide is a class III antiarrhythmic agent that blocks potassium channels.
  • HY-N7617
    Toralactone

    Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer
    Toralactone, isolated from Cassia obtusifolia, mediates hepatoprotection via an Nrf2-dependent anti-oxidative mechanism.
  • HY-107383
    Tetrahydrobiopterin

    (Rac)-Sapropterin

    NO Synthase Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Tetrahydrobiopterin ((Rac)-Sapropterin) is a cofactor of the aromatic amino acid hydroxylases enzymes and also acts as an essential cofactor for all nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms.
  • HY-N0483
    Phillygenin

    Phillygenol; Epipinoresinol methyl ether; (+)-Phillygenin

    Reactive Oxygen Species Others
    Phillygenin (Phillygenol) is an active ingredient from Forsythia with many medicinal properties, such as antioxidant, reducing blood lipid, inhibition of low density lipoprotein oxidation.
  • HY-U00013
    Nitroflurbiprofen

    HCT 1206; NO-flurbiprofen; Nitroxybutyl flurbiprofen

    COX Cardiovascular Disease
    Nitroflurbiprofen is a cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor with nitric oxide (NO)-donating properties, modulates the increased intrahepatic vascular tone in portal hypertensive cirrhotic rats.
  • HY-W004292
    1-Undecanol

    Undecyl alcohol

    Others Others
    1-Undecanol produced from 2-tridecanol by the organism.
  • HY-113629
    2-Keto-D-Glucose

    D-Glucosone; D-Arabino-hexos-2-ulose

    Others Infection
    2-Keto-D-Glucose (D-Glucosone) is a key intermediate in a secondary metabolic pathway leading to the antibiotic Cortalcerone. 2-Keto-D-Glucose is also an intermediate in the conversion of D-glucose into D-fructose. 2-Keto-D-Glucose is found in various natural sources, including fungi, algae, and shellfish.
  • HY-W041171
    3-Chloro-L-tyrosine

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    3-Chloro-L-tyrosine is a specific marker of myeloperoxidase-catalyzed oxidation, and is markedly elevated in low density lipoprotein isolated from human atherosclerotic intima.
  • HY-B1340
    Carbadox

    Bacterial Antibiotic Infection
    Carbadox is a quinoxaline-di-N-oxide antibiotic compound which is widely fed to nursery-age pigs to control enteric diseases and improve feed efficiency.
  • HY-N0580
    Fraxetin

    Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Fraxetin is isolated from Cortex Fraxini. Fraxetin has antitumor, anti-oxidation effects and anti-inflammory effects. Fraxetin induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N2300
    Kuwanon A

    NO Synthase Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Kuwanon A is a flavone derivative isolated from the root barks of the mulberry tree (Morus alba L.); inhibits nitric oxide production with an IC50 of 10.5 μM.
  • HY-100096
    Emtricitabine S-oxide

    Emtricitabine sulfoxide; Emtricitabine Degradant-III

    HIV Reverse Transcriptase Infection
    Emtricitabine S-oxide (Emtricitabine sulfoxide) is a major degradation product of Emtricitabine. Emtricitabine is a potent nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used for the treatment of HIV infection.
  • HY-19364
    Ferroquine

    Ferrochloroquine; SSR97193

    Parasite Infection
    Ferroquine (Ferrochloroquine), a ferrocenyl analogue of Chloroquine, is an antimalarial agent. Ferroquine shows parasiticidal effect on Plasmodium by inducing oxidative stress and the subsequent destruction of the membrane.
  • HY-N0452
    Hyperoside

    Influenza Virus Fungal Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Hyperoside, a natural flavonoid, isolated from Camptotheca acuminate, possesses antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic activities.
  • HY-N6669
    Methyl 3-O-methylgallate

    M3OMG

    Others Neurological Disease
    Methyl 3-O-methylgallate (M3OMG) possesses antioxidant effect and can protect neuronal cells from oxidative damage.
  • HY-N5135
    Liriopesides B

    Nolinospiroside F

    Others Others
    Liriopesides B (Nolinospiroside F) is a steroidal saponin isolated from Ophiopogon japonicas. Liriopesides B has anti-oxidative and anti-aging effects.
  • HY-121526
    S-Nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine

    SNAP

    NO Synthase Cardiovascular Disease
    S-Nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP) is a nitric oxide donor and acts as a stable inhibitor of platelet aggregation.
  • HY-113166
    Dodecanoylcarnitine

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Dodecanoylcarnitine is present in fatty acid oxidation disorders such as long-chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, carnitine palmitoyltransferase I/II deficiency, and is also associated with celiac disease.
  • HY-111651
    Gboxin

    ATP Synthase Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer
    Gboxin is an oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) inhibitor that targets glioblastoma. Gboxin inhibits the activity of F0F1 ATP synthase. Antitumour activity.
  • HY-N5015
    Rosmanol

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Rosmanol could inhibit the oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LPL) and significantly inhibit lipopolysaccharide induced iNOS and COX-2 expression, with anti-inflammatory effect.
  • HY-N0909
    Notoginsenoside R2

    20(S)-Notoginsenoside R2; Ginsenoside Ng-R2

    Others Neurological Disease
    Notoginsenoside R2 is a newly isolated notoginsenoside from Panax notoginseng, showed neuroprotective effects against 6-OHDA-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis.
  • HY-111804
    3',4'-Dihydroxyflavonol

    DiOHF

    NO Synthase Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    3',4'-Dihydroxyflavonol (DiOHF) is an effective antioxidant, which reduces superoxide and improves nitric oxide (NO) function in diabetic rat mesenteric arteries.
  • HY-125039
    N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide

    Glutathione Peroxidase Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide is a potent, reversible, specific, and non-toxic tripeptide inhibitor of myeloperoxidase (MPO). N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide effectively inhibits MPO generation of toxic oxidants in vivo. N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide reduces neuronal damage and preserves brain tissue and neurological function in the stroked brain. N-Acetyl lysyltyrosylcysteine amide inhibits MPO-dependent hypochlorous acid (HOCl) generation, protein nitration, and LDL oxidation.
  • HY-F0001
    NADH disodium salt

    Disodium NADH

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    NADH disodium salt is a coenzyme of a large number of oxidoreductases. NADH is a coenzyme that functions as a regenerating electron donor in catabolic processes including glycolysis, beta-oxidation and the citric acid cycle.
  • HY-101238
    Agmatine sulfate

    Imidazoline Receptor NO Synthase Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease Cancer
    Agmatine sulfate exerts modulatory action at multiple molecular targets, such as neurotransmitter systems, ion channels and nitric oxide synthesis. It is an endogenous agonist at imidazoline receptor and a NO synthase inhibitor.
  • HY-N7078
    Spiculisporic acid

    Others Others
    Spiculisporic acid is a γ-butenolide isolated from the cultue of Aspergillus sp. Spiculisporic acid is a microbial biosurfactant and has anti-oxidative stress actions.
  • HY-N0330
    Momordin Ic

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Momordin Ic is a principal saponin constituent of Fructus Kochiae, with with anti-cancer bioactivity. Momordin Ic induces apoptosis through oxidative stress-regulated mitochondrial dysfunction.
  • HY-14615
    [6]-Gingerol

    (S)-(+)-[6]Gingerol; 6-Gingerol

    AMPK Apoptosis Cancer
    [6]-Gingerol is an active compound isolated from Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc), exhibits a variety of biological activities including anticancer, anti-inflammation, and anti-oxidation.
  • HY-W004924
    5-Hydroxymethyluracil

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    5-Hydroxymethyluracil is a product of oxidative DNA damage. 5-Hydroxymethyluracil can be used as a potential epigenetic mark enhancing or inhibiting transcription with bacterial RNA polymerase.
  • HY-W012974
    3-Amino-2-methylpropanoic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    3-Amino-2-methylpropanoic acid could induce browning of white fat and hepatic β-oxidation and is inversely correlated with cardiometabolic risk factors.
  • HY-136374
    Haloxyfop-P-methyl

    Others Others
    Haloxyfop-P-methyl is an aryloxyphenoxypropionate herbicide. Haloxyfop-P-methyl can be absorbed by roots or foliage and hampers lipogenesis and increases oxidative stress in target plants.
  • HY-N0615
    Notoginsenoside R1

    Sanchinoside R1; Sanqi glucoside R1

    Amyloid-β Apoptosis Others
    Notoginsenoside R1 (Sanchinoside R1), a saponin, is isolated from P. notoginseng. Notoginsenoside R1 exhibits anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, and anti-apoptosis activities. Notoginsenoside R1 provides cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Notoginsenoside R1 also provides neuroprotection in H2O2-induced oxidative damage in PC12 cells.
  • HY-N0594
    Deacetylasperulosidic Acid

    Interleukin Related Inflammation/Immunology
    Deacetylasperulosidic acid (DAA) is a major phytochemical constituent of Morinda citrifolia fruit. Deacetylasperulosidic acidhas antioxidant activity by increasing superoxide dismutase activity. Deacetylasperulosidic acid has anticlastogenic activity, suppressing the induction of chromosome aberrations in hamster ovary cells and mice. Deacetylasperulosidic acid prevents 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO) induced DNA damage in vitro, suppresses IL-2 production along with the activation of natural killer cells.
  • HY-B1453
    (±)-Carnitine chloride

    DL-Carnitine chloride

    Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Disease
    (±)-Carnitine chloride exists in two isomers, known as D and L. L-carnitine plays an essential role in the β-oxidation of fatty acids and also shows antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-N9341
    Norswertianin

    Autophagy Cancer
    Norswertianin, a xanthone compound, serves as a powerful anti-glioma compound. Norswertianin induces GBM cells differentiation through oxidative stress and Akt/mTOR dependent autophagy.
  • HY-N0474
    Tyrosol

    NF-κB Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Tyrosol is a derivative of phenethyl alcohol. Tyrosol attenuates pro-inflammatory cytokines from cultured astrocytes and NF-κB activation. Anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects.
  • HY-125847
    Salvianolic acid F

    Others Cancer
    Salvianolic acid F is a kind of Salvianolic Acids. Salvianolic Acids is the most effective and abundant compounds extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza, with good anti-oxidative activity.
  • HY-14616
    Shogaol

    [6]-Shogaol; 6-Shogaol

    Autophagy Cancer
    Shogaol ([6]-Shogaol), an active compound isolated from Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc), exhibits a variety of biological activities including anticancer, anti-inflammation, and anti-oxidation.
  • HY-12840
    OBA-09

    Reactive Oxygen Species Neurological Disease
    OBA-09, a simple ester of pyruvate and salicylic acid, is potent multi-modal neuroprotectant. OBA-09 has anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects.
  • HY-U00327
    Prenyl-IN-1

    Farnesyl Transferase Neurological Disease
    Prenyl-IN-1 is a protein prenylation inhibitor, especially a geranylgeranyltransferase (GGT) or a farnesyltransferase (FT) inhibitor, exhibiting potent activity against oxidative stress, and particularly in the treatment of Parkinson's Disease.
  • HY-N0344
    Farrerol

    Others Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Farrerol is a bioactive constituent of Rhododendron, with broad activities such as anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, neuroprotective and hepatoprotective effects.
  • HY-B0926A
    Sodium diatrizoate

    Diatrizoic acid sodium salt; Sodium amidotrizoate

    Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Sodium diatrizoate (Diatrizoic acid sodium salt) is an iodinated radiocontrast agent and has the potential for radiographic imaging of the airways. Sodium diatrizoate induces mitochondrial turnover and oxidative stress, and activating apoptosis by dysregulating calcium.
  • HY-P0184
    Camstatin

    NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    Camstatin, a functionally active 25-residue fragment of PEP-19's IQ motif, binds calmodulin and inhibits neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase.
  • HY-B1727
    Phenanthrene

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Phenanthrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and has been frequently used as an indicator for monitoring PAH contaminated matrices. Phenanthrene induces oxidative stress and inflammation.
  • HY-101255
    ODQ

    Guanylate Cyclase Apoptosis Cancer
    ODQ is a potent and selective soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC, nitric oxide-activated enzyme) inhibitor. ODQ enhances the pro-apoptotic effects of Cisplatin in human mesothelioma cells.
  • HY-12212
    Omaveloxolone

    RTA 408

    Keap1-Nrf2 STING Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Omaveloxolone (RTA 408) is an antioxidant inflammation modulator (AIM), which activates Nrf2 and suppresses nitric oxide (NO). Omaveloxolone attenuates osteoclastogenesis by inhibiting STING dependent NF-κb signaling.
  • HY-N1181
    Tamarixetin

    4'-O-Methyl Quercetin

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Tamarixetin (4'-O-Methyl Quercetin) is a natural flavonoid derivative of quercetin, with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. Tamarixetin protects against cardiac hypertrophy.
  • HY-B1069
    Molsidomine

    SIN-10; Morsydomine

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Molsidomine is an orally active, long acting vasodilating drug, metabolized in the liver to the active metabolite linsidomine, which is an unstable compound that releases nitric oxide (NO) upon decay as the actual vasodilating compound.
  • HY-B0926
    Diatrizoic acid

    Diatrizoate; Amidotrizoic acid

    Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Diatrizoic acid (Diatrizoate) is an iodinated radiocontrast agent and has the potential for radiographic imaging of the airways. Diatrizoic acid induces mitochondrial turnover and oxidative stress, and activating apoptosis by dysregulating calcium.
  • HY-N7645
    Prunetrin

    Trifoside; Prunetin 4′-O-β-D-glucopyranoside

    Others Others
    Prunetrin (Trifoside) is a soflavonoid found in above-ground and below-ground organs of red clover.
  • HY-N8132
    2,4,6-Trichlorol-3-methyl-5-methoxy-phenol 1-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-β-d-glucopyranoside

    Reactive Oxygen Species Inflammation/Immunology
    2,4,6-Trichlorol-3-methyl-5-methoxy-phenol 1-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-β-d-glucopyranoside is a chlorophenyl glycoside found in the bulbs of Lilium brownie var. viridulum. 2,4,6-Trichlorol-3-methyl-5-methoxy-phenol 1-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-β-d-glucopyranoside exhibits weak inhibition of NO production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells.
  • HY-N7700
    Guluronic acid

    G2013

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Guluronic acid (G2013), one of the organic building blocks of hyaluronic acid, is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent has favorable anti-inflammatory effect.
  • HY-N2118
    Bilobetin

    PPAR PKA Metabolic Disease
    Bilobetin, an active component of Ginkgo biloba, can reduce blood lipids and improve the effects of insulin. Bilobetin ameliorated insulin resistance, increased the hepatic uptake and oxidation of lipids, reduced very-low-density lipoprotein triglyceride secretion and blood triglyceride levels, enhanced the expression and activity of enzymes involved in β-oxidation and attenuated the accumulation of triglycerides and their metabolites in tissues. Bilobetin also increased the phosphorylation, nuclear translocation and activity of PPARα accompanied by elevated cAMP level and PKA activity.
  • HY-N6770
    Curvularin

    (S)-Curvularin

    NO Synthase Inflammation/Immunology Infection
    Curvularin, a fungal metabolite and a potent mycotoxin naturally isolated from Curvularia lunata, inhibits cytokine-induced nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), with an IC50 of 9.5 µM.
  • HY-N0334
    (+)-Magnoflorine

    Magnoflorine; α-Magnoflorine; Thalictrine

    Fungal Infection Metabolic Disease
    (+)-Magnoflorine (Magnoflorine), an aporphine alkaloid found in Acoruscalamus, reduces the formation of C. albicans biofilm. (+)-Magnoflorine has anti-fungal, anti-antidiabetic and anti-oxidative activity.
  • HY-N0535
    (+)-Magnoflorine chloride

    Magnoflorine chloride; α-Magnoflorine chloride; Thalictrine chloride

    Fungal Infection Metabolic Disease
    Magnoflorine chloride (Magnoflorine chloride), an aporphine alkaloid found in Acoruscalamus, reduces the formation of C. albicans biofilm. Magnoflorine chloride has anti-fungal, anti-antidiabetic and anti-oxidative activity.
  • HY-P0184A
    Camstatin TFA

    NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    Camstatin TFA, a functionally active 25-residue fragment of PEP-19's IQ motif, binds calmodulin and inhibits neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase.
  • HY-125938
    Cycloartenyl ferulate

    Cycloartenol ferulate; Cycloartenol ferulic acid ester

    Others Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Cycloartenyl ferulate (Cycloartenol ferulate) is one of the typical triterpene alcohols and possesses several biological activities including anti-oxidative activity, antiallergic activity, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities.
  • HY-112540B
    Acetoacetic acid sodium salt

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Acetoacetic acid sodium salt is a metabolite of non-esterified fatty acids, involved in the development of human diabetes. Acetoacetic acid sodium salt induces oxidative stress to inhibit the assembly of very low density lipoprotein in bovine hepatocytes.
  • HY-79457
    S-Methylisothiourea sulfate

    NO Synthase HSV Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    S-Methylisothiourea sulfate is a potent, selective and competitive inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). S-Methylisothiourea sulfate exerts beneficial effects in rodent models of septic shock.
  • HY-N1382
    Asperuloside

    NO Synthase Inflammation/Immunology
    Asperuloside is an iridoid isolated from Hedyotis diffusa, with anti-inflammatory activity. Asperuloside inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), suppresses NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways.
  • HY-N9534
    Xylopine

    Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Cancer
    Xylopine is an aporphine alkaloid with cytotoxic activity on cancer cells. Xylopine induces oxidative stress, causes G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in cancer cells.
  • HY-G0014
    Quetiapine sulfoxide

    Quetiapine S-oxide

    Drug Metabolite Neurological Disease
    Quetiapine sulfoxide (Quetiapine S-oxide) is a main metabolite of Quetiapinem. Quetiapine is a second-generation antipsychotic. Quetiapine is a 5-HT receptors agonist and a dopamine receptor antagonist.
  • HY-G0014B
    Quetiapine sulfoxide hydrochloride

    Quetiapine S-oxide hydrochloride

    Drug Metabolite Neurological Disease
    Quetiapine sulfoxide hydrochloride (Quetiapine S-oxide hydrochloride) is a main metabolite of Quetiapinem. Quetiapine is a second-generation antipsychotic. Quetiapine is a 5-HT receptors agonist and a dopamine receptor antagonist.
  • HY-126382
    Hesperidin methylchalcone

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    Hesperidin methylchalcone (Hesperidin methyl chalcone) inhibits oxidative stress, cytokine production and NF-κB activation. Hesperidin methylchalcone inhibits inflammation and pain. Hesperidin methylchalcone exhibits vasoprotective activity.
  • HY-B1107
    Naftidrofuryl oxalate

    Nafronyl oxalate salt

    5-HT Receptor Cardiovascular Disease
    Naftidrofuryl oxalate (Nafronyl oxalate salt) is a drug used in the management of peripheral and cerebral vascular disorders as a vasodilator, enhance cellular oxidative capacity, and may also be a 5-HT2 receptor antagonist.
  • HY-G0014A
    Quetiapine sulfoxide dihydrochloride

    Quetiapine S-oxide dihydrochloride

    Drug Metabolite Neurological Disease
    Quetiapine sulfoxide dihydrochloride (Quetiapine S-oxide dihydrochloride) is a main metabolite of Quetiapinem. Quetiapine is a second-generation antipsychotic. Quetiapine is a 5-HT receptors agonist and a dopamine receptor antagonist.
  • HY-W010104
    L-Methionine sulfoxide

    H-Met(O)-OH

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Methionine sulfoxide (H-Met(O)-OH), a metabolite of Methionine, induces M1/classical macrophage polarization, and modulates oxidative stress and purinergic signaling parameters.
  • HY-120501
    B022

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    B022 is a potent and selective NF-κB-inducing kinase (NIK) inhibitor with a Ki of 4.2 nM. B022 protects liver from toxin-induced inflammation, oxidative stress, and injury.
  • HY-112841
    PTZ-343

    3-(10′-Phenothiazinyl)propane-1-sulfonate sodium; SPTZ sodium

    Others Cancer
    PTZ-343 is a potent enhancer of Luminol (HY-15922). PTZ-343 greatly increases the light output of the peroxidase-catalyzed luminol chemiluminescent oxidation reaction (>80%).
  • HY-W009731
    Dibenzoylmethane

    Keap1-Nrf2 Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Dibenzoylmethane, a minor ingredient in licorice, activates Nrf2 and prevents various cancers and oxidative damage. Dibenzoylmethane, an analog of curcumin, results in dissociation from Keap1 and nuclear translocation of Nrf2.
  • HY-B1218
    Sulfaphenazole

    Bacterial Infection
    Sulfaphenazole is a specific inhibitor of CYP2C9 which blocks atherogenic and pro-inflammatory effects of linoleic acid (increase in oxidative stress and activation of AP-1) mediated by CYP2C9.
  • HY-D1267
    PAO-Nap

    Apoptosis Cancer
    PAO-Nap is the modified PAO attached a naphthalimide fluorophore using aminocaproic acid as a linker. PAO induces oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis in HL-60 cells by selectively targeting thioredoxin reductase.
  • HY-19518
    Latanoprostene bunod

    NCX116; LBN

    Others Neurological Disease
    Latanoprostene bunod (LBN), a nitric oxide (NO)-donating prostaglandin F2a analog, is a topical ophthalmic therapeutic for the reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension (OHT) .
  • HY-N2051
    Zeylenone

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Zeylenone, a naturally occurring cyclohexene oxide, inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in cervical carcinoma cells via PI3K/AKT/mTOR and MAPK/ERK pathways.
  • HY-135008
    J14

    Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer
    J14 is a reversible sulfiredoxin inhibitor with an IC50 of 8.1 μM. J14 induces oxidative stress (intracellular ROS accumulation) by inhibiting sulfiredoxin, leading to cytotoxicity and cancer cell death.
  • HY-W009371A
    D-Ribose 5-phosphate

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    D-Ribose 5-phosphate is an intermediate of the oxidative branch of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) and an end product of the nonoxidative branch of the PPP. D-Ribose 5-phosphate is used in the synthesis of nucleotides and nucleic acids.
  • HY-N9376
    Kansuinine E

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Kansuinine E is a plant-derived nitric oxide inhibitor (IC50=6.3 μM). Kansuinine E belongs to jatrophane-type diterpenoids and is isolated from the roots of E. kansui.
  • HY-13244
    Disufenton sodium

    NXY-059

    Reactive Oxygen Species Neurological Disease
    Disufenton sodium (NXY-059) is the disulfonyl derivative of the neuroprotective spin trap phenylbutynitrone(PBN), both NXY-059, its parent PBN and their hydrolysis/oxidation product MNT are very powerful scavengers of free radicals.
  • HY-129770A
    D-Methionine sulfoxide hydrochloride

    Others Metabolic Disease
    D-methionine sulfoxide hydrochloride is the D-isomer of Methionine sulfoxide hydrochloride. Methionine sulfoxide is an oxidation product of methionine. Methionine is the limiting amino acid in milk or leguminous proteins, which is easily oxidized during the course of storage or processing.
  • HY-129770
    D-Methionine sulfoxide

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    D-methionine sulfoxide is the D-isomer of Methionine sulfoxide. Methionine sulfoxide is an oxidation product of methionine. Methionine is the limiting amino acid in milk or leguminous proteins , which is easily oxidized during the course of storage or processing.
  • HY-B0835
    Fenobucarb

    Apoptosis Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Fenobucarb is a carbamate insecticide. Fenobucarb induces zebrafish developmental neurotoxicity through pathways involved in inflammation, oxidative stress, degeneration and apoptosis. Fenobucarb is a possible risk factor to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems in animals.
  • HY-121390
    Lasiocarpine

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Lasiocarpine, a hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA), causes fatal liver veno-occlusive disease in vivo. Lasiocarpine is toxic only after its metabolic conversion to the toxic intermediate, including dehydrolasiocarpine and N-oxide.
  • HY-N0268
    Irisflorentin

    NO Synthase Inflammation/Immunology
    Irisflorentin, a naturally occurring isoflavone, is an abundant active constituent in Rhizoma Belamcandae. Irisflorentin markedly reduces the transcriptional and translational levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) as well as the production of NO. Anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-B2230
    Hinokitiol

    β-Thujaplicin

    Keap1-Nrf2 DNA Methyltransferase Virus Protease Cancer Infection
    Hinokitiol is a component of essential oils isolated from Chymacyparis obtusa, reduces Nrf2 expression, and decreases DNMT1 and UHRF1 mRNA and protein expression, with anti-infective, anti-oxidative, and anti-tumor activities.
  • HY-N0334A
    (+)-Magnoflorine iodide

    Magnoflorine iodide; α-Magnoflorine iodide; Thalictrine iodide

    Fungal Infection Metabolic Disease
    (+)-Magnoflorine iodide (Magnoflorine iodide), an aporphine alkaloid found in Acoruscalamus, reduces the formation of C. albicans biofilm. (+)-Magnoflorine iodide has anti-fungal, anti-antidiabetic and anti-oxidative activity.
  • HY-N1445
    Isoquercetin

    Quercetin 3-glucoside

    NF-κB NO Synthase Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Isoquercetin (Quercetin 3-glucoside) is a naturally occurring polyphenol that has antioxidant, anti-proliferative, and anti-inflammatory properties. Isoquercetin alleviates ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity, oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses via the Nrf2/ARE antioxidant signaling pathway. Isoquercetin regulates the expression of nitric oxide synthase 2 (NO2) via modulating the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcription regulation system. Isoquercetin has high bioavailability and low toxicity, is a promising candidate agent to prevent birth defects in diabetic pregnancies.
  • HY-W018026
    Oxfenicine

    L-p-Hydroxyphenylglycine; 4-Hydroxy-L-phenylglycine; UK 25842

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Oxfenicine (L-p-Hydroxyphenylglycine) is an orally active carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 inhibitor. Oxfenicine inhibits the oxidation of fatty acid in heart. Oxfenicine protects heart from necrotic tissue damage during ischaemia.
  • HY-133772
    Venetoclax N-oxide

    Others Others
    Venetoclax N-oxide is an impurity of Venetoclax. Venetoclax (ABT-199; GDC-0199) is a highly potent, selective and orally bioavailable Bcl-2 inhibitor with a Ki of less than 0.01 nM.
  • HY-N7247
    Thiochrome

    mAChR Metabolic Disease
    Thiochrome, a natural oxidation product and metabolite of thiamine, is a selective M4 muscarinic receptor of acetylcholine (ACh) affinity enhancer. Thiochrome has neutral cooperativity with ACh at M1 to M3 receptors.
  • HY-W009371
    D-Ribose 5-phosphate disodium

    Others Metabolic Disease
    D-Ribose 5-phosphate disodium is an intermediate of the oxidative branch of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) and an end product of the nonoxidative branch of the PPP. D-Ribose 5-phosphate disodium is used in the synthesis of nucleotides and nucleic acids.
  • HY-W009371C
    D-Ribose 5-phosphate disodium dihydrate

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    D-Ribose 5-phosphate disodium dihydrate is an intermediate of the oxidative branch of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) and an end product of the nonoxidative branch of the PPP. D-Ribose 5-phosphate is used in the synthesis of nucleotides and nucleic acids.
  • HY-106376A
    L-Buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine

    L-Buthionine sulfoximine; L-BSO

    Ferroptosis Cancer
    L-Buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine is a cell-permeable, potent, fast acting and irreversible inhibitor of g-glutamylcysteine synthetase and depletes cellular glutathione levels. The IC50 value of L-Buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine on melanoma, breast and ovarian tumor specimens are 1.9 μM, 8.6 μM, and 29 μM, respectively.
  • HY-117179
    Endosulfan sulfate

    Parasite Infection
    Endosulfan sulfate is the major metabolite of the insecticide Endosulfan, used for various crops. Endosulfan sulfate is more toxic and persistent than Endosulfan.
  • HY-106376C
    L-Buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine hydrochloride

    L-Buthionine sulfoximine hydrochloride; L-BSO hydrochloride

    Ferroptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    L-Buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine hydrochloride is a cell-permeable, potent, fast acting, orally active and irreversible inhibitor of g-glutamylcysteine synthetase and depletes cellular glutathione levels. The IC50 value of L-Buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine on melanoma, breast and ovarian tumor specimens are 1.9 μM, 8.6 μM, and 29 μM, respectively.
  • HY-101450
    PF-6274484

    EGFR Cancer
    PF-6274484 is a potent EGFR inhibitor with Kis of 0.14 nM and 0.18 nM for EGFR-L858R/T790M and WT EGFR, respectively. PF-6274484 inhibits EGFR-L858R/T790M autophosphorylation in H1975 tumor cells and EGFR WT in A549 tumor cells with IC50s of 6.6 and 5.8 nM, respectively.
  • HY-N7798
    Pennogenin

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Pennogenin is a bioactive component which can be isolated from T. govanianum rhizomes. Pennogenin exhibits significant in vitro inhibitory effect on release of ROS.
  • HY-N0405
    Orientin

    Others Cancer Neurological Disease
    Orientin is a naturally occurring bioactive flavonoid that possesses diverse biological properties, including anti-inflammation, anti-oxidative, anti-tumor, and cardio protection. Orientin is a promising neuroprotective agent suitable for therapy for neuropathic pain.
  • HY-W016099
    3-Methyl-2-quinoxalinecarboxylic acid

    MQCA

    Others Cancer
    3-Methyl-2-quinoxalinecarboxylic acid (MQCA), an important N-oxide reductive metabolite of Quinocetone or Olaquindox, potently inhibits the growth of Chang liver cells through S phase arrest of the cell cycle.
  • HY-B2182
    Bismuth subcarbonate

    Bismuth carbonate oxide

    Bacterial Infection
    Bismuth subcarbonate (Bismuth carbonate oxide) is a typical Bi-based semiconductor that is widely applied as antibacterial, sensors, super capacitors, and photocatalysts. Bismuth subcarbonate protects the gastric ulcer from further erosion by gastric acid.
  • HY-N0390
    L-Glutamine

    L-Glutamic acid 5-amide

    mGluR Endogenous Metabolite Ferroptosis Metabolic Disease
    L-Glutamine (L-Glutamic acid 5-amide) is a non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and involved in many metabolic processes. L-Glutamine provides a source of carbons for oxidation in some cells.
  • HY-12837
    EN460

    Others Others
    EN460 is a selective endoplasmic reticulum oxidation 1 (ERO1) inhibitor. EN460 (IC50 of 1.9 μM) interacts selectively with the reduced, active form of ERO1α and prevents its reoxidation.
  • HY-136341
    7,8-Dihydroneopterin

    Apoptosis NO Synthase Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    7,8-Dihydroneopterin, an inflammation marker, induces cellular apoptosis in astrocytes and neurons via enhancement of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. 7,8-Dihydroneopterin can be used in the research of neurodegenerative diseases.
  • HY-P0107A
    RC-3095 TFA

    Bombesin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    RC-3095 TFA is a selective bombesin/gastrin releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) antagonist. RC-3095 TFA exerts protective effects by reducing gastric oxidative injury in the arthritic mice.
  • HY-N2000
    Bellidifolin

    HIV Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Bellidifolin is a xanthone isolated from the stems of Swertia punicea, with hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. Bellidifolin also acts as a viral protein R (Vpr) inhibitor.
  • HY-N8102
    Echinocystic acid 28-O-β-D-glucoside

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Echinocystic acid 28-O-β-D-glucoside is a metabolite of Echinocystic acid by microbial oxidation and glucosidation. Echinocystic acid 28-O-β-D-glucoside is a tissue factor pathway inhibitor, with an IC50 of 10.61 nM.
  • HY-N0427
    Phellodendrine

    Akt NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    Phellodendrine, a isoquinoline alkaloid, is one of important characteristic ingredients in the Phellodendri chinensis cortex. phellodendrine is against AAPH-induced oxidative stress through regulating the AKT/NF-κB pathway. Phellodendrine has good antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effect .
  • HY-B0503
    2-Thiouracil

    Thiouracil

    NO Synthase Endocrinology Cancer
    2-Thiouracil (Thiouracil) is an antithyroid compound. 2-Thiouracil can function as a highly specific melanoma seeker. 2-Thiouracil is a selective inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) with a Ki of 20 μM.
  • HY-N0823
    Lithospermic acid

    (+)-Lithospermic acid

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Lithospermic acid ((+)-Lithospermic acid) is a plant-derived polycyclic phenolic carboxylic acid isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza, and has the anti-oxidative and hepatoprotective activity on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver damage in vitro and in vivo.
  • HY-N6740
    Beta-Zearalanol

    Apoptosis Metabolic Disease
    Beta-Zearalenol is an mycotoxin produced by Fusarium spp, which causes apoptosis and oxidative stress in mammalian reproductive cells. Beta-Zearalenol is the derivative of zearalenone (ZEA) which can conjugate with glucuronic acid.
  • HY-N0120A
    Polydatin

    Piceid

    Autophagy Apoptosis Mitophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Polydatin (Piceid), extracted from the roots of Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb, a widely used traditional Chinese remedies, possesses anti-inflammatory activity in several experimental models. Polydatin (Piceid) inhibits G6PD and induces oxidative and ER stresses.
  • HY-113926
    BAY 60-2770

    Guanylate Cyclase Cardiovascular Disease
    BAY 60-2770 is a potent, selective, and orally active soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) activator. BAY 60-2770 increases the activity of sGC in a nitric oxide-independent manner. BAY 60-2770 shows antifibrotic effect.
  • HY-N6036
    Ganoderic acid F

    Others Cancer
    Ganoderic acid F is a ganoderic acid. Ganoderic acid F exhibits antitumor and antimetastatic activities through inhibition of angiogenesis and alteration of proteins involving cell proliferation and/or cell death, carcinogenesis, oxidative stress, calcium signaling, and endoplasmic reticulum stress.
  • HY-135408
    Trimetazidine-N-oxide

    Drug Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimetazidine-N-oxide is the major active metabolite of Trimetazidine. Trimetazidine is a selective long chain 3-ketoyl coenzyme A thiolase inhibitor with an IC50 of 75 nM. Trimetazidine is an effective antianginal agent, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and gastroprotective properties.
  • HY-N6893
    Ergolide

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    Ergolide is a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from the dried flowers of Inula Britannica. Ergolide inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclo-oxygenase-2 expression in RAW 264.7 macrophages through the inactivation of NF-κB.
  • HY-106916
    Unoprostone

    Potassium Channel Neurological Disease
    Unoprostone, a prostaglandin F2α analogs (PGAs), activates BK channels to reduce oxidative stress- and light-induced retinal cell death, and phagocytotic dysfunction. Unoprostone reduces intraocular pressure and is used topically for glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
  • HY-18732A
    L-NMMA acetate

    Tilarginine acetate; Methylarginine acetate

    NO Synthase Cardiovascular Disease
    L-NMMA acetate is a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor of all NOS isoforms including NOS1, NOS2, and NOS3. The Ki values for nNOS (rat), eNOS (human), and iNOS (mouse) are approximately 0.18, 0.4, and 6 µM, respectively.
  • HY-N0188
    Esculin

    p38 MAPK Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Esculin, a fluorescent coumarin glucoside, is an active ingredient of ash bark. Esculin ameliorates cognitive impairment in experimental diabetic nephropathy (DN), and exerts anti‑oxidative stress and anti‑inflammatory effects, via the MAPK signaling pathway.
  • HY-112554
    PDM11

    Others Others
    PDM11 is a derivative of antioxidant resveratrol. PDM11 do not exhibit any significant protective effect against oxidation of linoleate micelles initiated by radiolysis-generated hydroxyl radicals. PDM11 is inactive in resveratrol activity assays.
  • HY-N2237
    Piceatannol 3'-O-glucoside

    Quzhaqigan

    NO Synthase Arginase Cardiovascular Disease
    Piceatannol 3'-O-glucoside, an active component of Rhubarb, activates endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase through inhibition of arginase activity with IC50s of 11.22 µM and 11.06 µM against arginase I and arginase II, respectively.
  • HY-N6959
    Osmundacetone

    Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Metabolic Disease
    Osmundacetone is a natural product isolated from Osmundae Rhizoma, with neuroprotective and anti-apoptotic effects. Osmundacetone has DPPH scavenging activity and protects neurological cell from oxidative stress. Osmundacetone can be a potential agent for the research of neurodegenerative diseases.
  • HY-N7513
    Homovanillyl alcohol

    Drug Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    Homovanillyl alcohol is a biological metabolite of Hydroxytyrosol. Hydroxytyrosol is a phenolic compound that is present in virgin olive oil (VOO) and wine. Homovanillyl alcohol protects red blood cells (RBCs) from oxidative injury and has protective effect on cardiovascular disease.
  • HY-125598
    Secologanin

    Others Others
    Secologanin, a secoiridoid glucoside, is a pivotal terpenoid intermediate in the biosynthesis of biologically active monoterpenoid indole alkaloids such as reserpine, ajmaline, and vinblastine. Secologanin synthase (cytochrome P450 isoform CYP72A1) catalyzes the oxidative cleavage of loganin into Secologanin.
  • HY-12122A
    AR-C102222 hydrochloride

    NO Synthase Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    AR-C102222 hydrochloride is a potent, competitive, orally active and highly selective inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 37 nM. AR-C102222 hydrochloride has antinociception and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-111646
    N6-Etheno 2'-deoxyadenosine

    Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Inflammation/Immunology
    N6-Etheno 2'-deoxyadenosine is a reactive oxygen species (ROS)/reactive nitrogen species (RNS)-induced DNA oxidation product, used as a biomarker to evaluate chronic inflammation and lipid peroxidation in animal or human tissues.
  • HY-108966
    Kushenol C

    Beta-secretase Inflammation/Immunology
    Kushenol C, isolated from the roots of Sophora flavescens, shows anti-Inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress activities. Kushenol C inhibits BACE1 (β-site APP cleaving enzyme 1) with an IC50 of 5.45 µM.
  • HY-N0327
    Lobetyolin

    Apoptosis Xanthine Oxidase Metabolic Disease
    Lobetyolin, a bioactive compound, is derived from Codonopsis pilosula. Lobetyolin has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and xanthine oxidase inhibiting activities. Lobetyolin also induces the apoptosis via the inhibition of ASCT2-mediated glutamine metabolism.
  • HY-18734A
    Carboxy-PTIO potassium

    NO Synthase Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Carboxy-PTIO potassium is a potent nitric oxide (NO) scavenger that can make a quick reaction with NO to produce NO2. Carboxy-PTIO potassium can prevent hypotension and endotoxic shock through the direct scavenging action against NO in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated rat model.
  • HY-B1729
    Phenoxyethanol

    Bacterial Infection
    Phenoxyethanol has a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity against various gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Phenoxyethanol is an uncouple agent in oxidative phosphorylation from respiration and competitively inhibits malate dehydrogenase. Phenoxyethanol is used as a preservative in cosmetic, vaccine, and textile, et al.
  • HY-131254
    (S)-O-Desmethyl Venlafaxine N-Oxide

    Drug Metabolite Neurological Disease
    (S)-O-Desmethyl Venlafaxine N-Oxide is a N-oxyde of (S)-O-Desmethyl Venlafaxine. O-Desmethyl Venlafaxine is an active metabolite of Venlafaxine. Venlafaxine (HY-B0196) is an antidepressant of the serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) class.
  • HY-17500
    Ataciguat

    HMR-1766

    Guanylate Cyclase Cardiovascular Disease
    Ataciguat (HMR-1766) is a nitric oxide-independent soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activator. Ataciguat is able to activate the ferric heme-iron redox form of sGC that stimulate the production of cyclic GMP (cGMP). Ataciguat exhibits vasodilator effects.
  • HY-112653A
    (±)8-HETE

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    (±)8-HETE is one of the six monohydroxy fatty acids produced by the non-enzymatic oxidation of Arachidonic acid (HY-109590). The biological activity of (±)8-HETE is likely to resemble that of its constituent enantiomers (8(R)-HETE and 8(S)-HETE).
  • HY-N0720
    Neobavaisoflavone

    Apoptosis DNA/RNA Synthesis Cancer
    Neobavaisoflavone, a flavonoid, is isolated from the seeds of Psoralea corylifolia. Neobavaisoflavone exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and anti-oxidation activities. Neobavaisoflavone inhibits DNA polymerase at moderate to high concentrations. Neobavaisoflavone also inhibits platelet aggregation.
  • HY-W001187
    Tempo

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Reactive Oxygen Species Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer
    Tempo is a classic nitroxide radical and is a selective scavenger of ROS that dismutases superoxide in the catalytic cycle. Tempo induces DNA-strand breakage. Tempo can be used as an organocatalyst for the oxidation of primary alcohols to aldehydes. Tempo has mutagenic and antioxidant effects.
  • HY-118149A
    (±)9-HpODE

    Bacterial Fungal Parasite Infection
    (±)9-HpODE is a long chain lipid hydroperoxide, is a product of linoleic acid peroxidation. (±)9-HpODE can induce oxidation of intracellular glutathione (GSH). (±)9-HpODE also exhibits antimicrobial activity against various fungal and bacterial pathogens.
  • HY-N2947
    Boeravinone B

    P-glycoprotein Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Boeravinone B, a dual inhibitor of NorA bacterial efflux pump of Staphylococcus aureus and human P-Glycoprotein, reduces the biofilm formation and intracellular invasion of bacteria. Boeravinone B act as anti-aging and anti-apoptosis phyto-molecules during oxidative stress.
  • HY-N0683A
    rel-α-Vitamin E

    rel-(+)-α-Tocopherol; rel-D-α-Tocopherol

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    rel-α-Vitamin E (rel-(+)-α-Tocopherol) is a vitamin with antioxidant properties and also a mixture.
  • HY-N2929
    β-Hydroxypropiovanillone

    Glucosidase Cardiovascular Disease
    β-Hydroxypropiovanillone, a natural compound, shows significant concentration-dependent inhibitory effects on α-glucosidase with an IC50 of 257.8 μg/mL.
  • HY-130592
    Compound 48/80 trihydrochloride

    C48/80 trihydrochloride

    Phospholipase Neurological Disease
    Compound 48/80 trihydrochloride (C48/80 trihydrochloride) is a mixture of condensation products of N-methyl-p-methoxyphenethylamine with formaldehyde. Compound 48/80 trihydrochloride is also a histamine releaser and a mast cell degranulator. Compound 48/80 inhibits phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C activity from human platelets .
  • HY-N0812
    Timosaponin BII

    Prototimosaponin A III

    Others Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Timosaponin BII (Prototimosaponin A III) is a steroid saponin found in the rhizomes of Anemarrhena asphodeloides. Timosaponin BII has neuronal protective, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities.
  • HY-107754
    Cesium chloride

    Potassium Channel Cardiovascular Disease
    Cesium chloride is a blocker of potassium channel. Cesium chloride prevents the decrease of Na + transport produced by Alloxan. Cesium chloride has induced cardiac arrhythmias, including torsade de pointes in animal models.
  • HY-113303
    FAPy-adenine

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Neurological Disease
    FAPy-adenine is an oxidized DNA base. Fapy-adenine shows an increased trend levels in the Alzheimer's disease brain. Oxidized nucleosides are biochemical markers for tumors, aging, and neurodegenerative diseases.
  • HY-Y1666
    2,2′-Dipyridyl disulfide

    Others Others
    2,2′-Dipyridyl disulfide is a useful reagent for the determination of sulfhydryl groups. 2,2′-Dipyridyl disulfide is a common reagent in peptide chemistry, often used in oxidation–reduction condensations to form peptide bonds or in coupling reactions to form disulfide-linked heterodimers.
  • HY-119751
    Hematein

    Casein Kinase Akt Wnt Apoptosis Cancer
    Hematein is a oxidation product of hematoxylin acted as a dye. Hematein is an allosteric casein kinase II inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.74 μM. Hematein inhibits Akt/PKB Ser129 phosphorylation, the Wnt/TCF pathway and increases apoptosis in lung cancer cells.
  • HY-N6020B
    Butin

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Butin is a major biologically active flavonoid isolated from the heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera, with strong antioxidant, antiplatelet and anti-inflammatory activities. Butin significantly alleviates myocardial infarction and improves heart function, together with prevents diabetes-induced cardiac oxidative damage in rat.
  • HY-113365
    Cholestenone

    4-Cholesten-3-one

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Cholestenone (4-Cholesten-3-one), the intermediate oxidation product of cholesterol, is metabolized primarily in the liver. Cholestenone is highly mobile in membranes and influences cholesterol flip-flop and efflux. Cholestenone may cause long-term functional defects in cells.
  • HY-119358
    Traumatic Acid

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Traumatic Acid is a monounsaturated dicarboxylic acid isolated from  Phaseolus vulgaris. Traumatic Acid can cause a decrease in membrane phospholipid peroxidation and show antioxidant and stimulatory effects on collagen biosynthesis. Traumatic Acid is a potential agent for the treatment of many skin diseases connected with collagen biosynthesis disorders and oxidative stress.
  • HY-N3518
    Mulberroside F

    Tyrosinase Metabolic Disease
    Mulberroside F is one of the main bioactive constituents in mulberry (Morus alba L.). Mulberroside F shows inhibitory effects on tyrosinase activity and on the melanin formation. Mulberroside F also exhibits superoxide scavenging activity that is involved in the protection against auto-oxidation.
  • HY-N0579
    Fraxin

    Fraxoside

    Phosphodiesterase (PDE) Inflammation/Immunology
    Fraxin isolated from Acer tegmentosum, F. ornus or A. hippocastanum, is a glucoside of fraxetin and reported to exert potent anti-oxidative stress action, anti-inflammatory and antimetastatic properties. Fraxin shows its antioxidative effect through inhibition of cyclo AMP phosphodiesterase enzyme.
  • HY-W004520
    Phenazine methylsulfate

    5-Methylphenazinium methylsulfate

    Bacterial Antibiotic Apoptosis Others
    Phenazine methylsulfate is a free radical generator. Phenazine methylsulfate has been used as an electron transfer reactant in cell viability assays. Phenazine methylsulfate induces ssDNA break formation in the presence of the reducing agent NADPH. Phenazine methylsulfate induces oxidative DNA damage in an alkaline comet assay and apoptosis.
  • HY-W087905
    2,3-Dimethyl-2,3-diphenylbutane

    Others Others
    2,3-Dimethyl-2,3-diphenylbutane is one of the decomposition of Dicumylperoxide (DCP). Diallyl orthophthalate (DAOP) is a reactive plasticizer initiated by 2,3-dimethyl-2,3-diphenylbutane for improving polyphenylene oxide (PPO) processing.
  • HY-N0534
    Vitexin-2"-O-rhamnoside

    Others Cardiovascular Disease
    Vitexin-2"-O-rhamnoside, a main flavonoid glycoside of the leaves of Cratagus pinnatifida Bge, contributes to the protection against H2O2-mediated oxidative stress damage and has potential to treat cardiovascular system diseases.
  • HY-123037
    Triadimefon

    Fungal Infection
    Triadimefon is a triazole fungicide used to control powdery mildew, rusts, and other fungal pests on grains, fruit and vegetable crops, turf, shrubs, and trees. Triadimefon inhibits lanosterol 14α-demethylase, interfering with oxidative demethylation reactions in the ergosterol biosynthesis pathway of fungi, and also blocks gibberellin biosynthesis.
  • HY-A0119
    Nitroprusside disodium dihydrate

    Sodium nitroprusside dihydrate; Sodium Nitroferricyanide(III) Dihydrate

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Nitroprusside disodium dehydrate (Sodium nitroprusside dihydrate) is a vasodilator that available for the research of acute hypertension, heart failure. Nitroprusside disodium dehydrate induces autophagy in glutathione-depleted osteoblasts. Nitroprusside disodium dehydrate acts as a nitric oxide (NO) donor in a rat intestinal ischemia reperfusion model.
  • HY-100768
    HTHQ

    1-O-hexyl-2,3,5-trimethylhydroquinone

    Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer
    HTHQ (1-O-hexyl-2,3,5-trimethylhydroquinone) is a potent lipophilic phenolic antioxidant. HTHQ has considerable anti-oxidative activity by directly reacting with reactive oxygen species (ROS) and scavenging ROS to form more stable free radicals.
  • HY-N7270
    Apigenin-7-diglucuronide

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Apigenin-7-diglucuronide is a flavonoid glycoside and is present in an assortment of medicinal plants with anti-inflammatory or ant-oxidant activities. Apigenin-7-diglucuronide protects retinas against bright light-induced photoreceptor degeneration through the inhibition of retinal oxidative stress and inflammation.
  • HY-N0479
    Licarin B

    (-)-Licarin B

    PPAR GLUT Metabolic Disease
    Licarin B, a nitric oxide production inhibitor extracted from the component of the seeds of Myristica fragrans, improves insulin sensitivity via PPARγ and activation of GLUT4 in the IRS-1/PI3K/AKT pathway.
  • HY-N0120
    (E/Z)-Polydatin

    (E/Z)-Piceid

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    (E/Z)-Polydatin ((E/Z)-Piceid) is a monocrystalline compound originally isolated from the root and rhizome of Polygonum cuspidatum. (E/Z)-Polydatin has anti-platelet aggregation, anti-oxidative action of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), cardioprotective activity, anti-inflammatory and immune-regulating functions.
  • HY-N0729
    Linoleic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Linoleic acid is a common polyunsaturated (PUFA) found in plant-based oils, nuts and seeds. Linoleic acid is a part of membrane phospholipids, and functions as a structural component to maintain a certain level of membrane fluidity of the transdermal water barrier of the epidermis. Linoleic acid induces red blood cells and hemoglobin damage via oxidative mechanism .
  • HY-102062A
    Nω-Propyl-L-arginine hydrochloride

    N-omega-Propyl-L-arginine hydrochloride

    NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    Nω-Propyl-L-arginine (N-omega-Propyl-L-arginine) hydrochloride is a potent, competitive, and highly selective inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), with a Ki of 57 nM. Nω-Propyl-L-arginine hydrochloride displays a 149-fold selectivity for nNOS over endothelial NOS (eNOS).
  • HY-102062
    Nω-Propyl-L-arginine

    N-omega-Propyl-L-arginine

    NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    Nω-Propyl-L-arginine (N-omega-Propyl-L-arginine) is a potent, competitive, and highly selective inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), with a Ki of 57 nM. Nω-Propyl-L-arginine displays a 149-fold selectivity for nNOS over endothelial NOS (eNOS).
  • HY-100986
    L-NIO dihydrochloride

    NO Synthase Cardiovascular Disease
    L-NIO dihydrochloride is a potent, non-selective and NADPH-dependent nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, with Kis of 1.7, 3.9, 3.9 μM for neuronal (nNOS), endothelial (eNOS), and inducible (iNOS), respectively. L-NIO dihydrochloride induces a consistentfocal ischemic infarctin rats.
  • HY-W087919
    5-Methyl-2-furanmethanol

    Others Others
    5-Methyl-2-furanmethanol is a natural product that can be isolated from the essential oil of D. rupicola Biv.. 5-Methyl-2-furanmethanol also acts as a oxidative product of 2,5 dimethylfuran (DMF) by cytochrome P450 (CYP).
  • HY-N0646
    Silydianin

    Phosphatase Cancer
    Silydianin is an active constituent of Silybium marianum, with exhibit anti-collagenase, antitumor and anti-elastase activities. Silydianin is a natural protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) with an IC50 of 17.38 μM. Silydianin has inhibitory effect on the in vitro production and release of oxidative products.
  • HY-N0424
    Cycloastragenol

    Cyclogalagenin; Cyclogalegenin; Cyclogalegigenin

    Telomerase Others
    Cycloastragenol is a natural tetracyclic triterpenoid, is identified when screening Astragalus membranaceus extracts for active ingredients with antiaging properties. Cycloastragenol is a potent telomerase activator in neuronal cells. Cycloastragenol also has other pharmacological effects, including anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties.
  • HY-136355
    Picoxystrobin

    Fungal Infection
    Picoxystrobin is a primary strobilurin fungicide that is widely applied for plant disease control. Picoxystrobin inhibits mitochondrial respiration via blocking electron transfer at the Qo center of cytochrome b and c1.
  • HY-107396
    YM-750

    Acyltransferase Cardiovascular Disease
    YM-750 is a potent acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) inhibitor (IC50=0.18 μM). ACAT catalyzes the formation of cholesteryl esters from cholesterol and long-chain fatty-acyl-coenzyme A.
  • HY-N0723
    Neomangiferin

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Neomangiferin is a natural C-glucosyl xanthone isolated from m the dried rhizome of Anemarrhena asphodeloides. Neomangiferin has significant therapeutic effects on high-fat diet-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in rats.
  • HY-N2008
    Luteolin 5-O-glucoside

    NO Synthase Reactive Oxygen Species Inflammation/Immunology
    Luteolin 5-O-glucoside, a major flavonoidfrom Cirsium maackii, possesses anti-inflammatory activity. Luteolin 5-O-glucoside inhibits LPS-induced NO production and t-BHP-induced ROS generation. Luteolin 5-O-glucoside suppresses the expression of iNOS and COX-2 in macrophages.
  • HY-B0986
    Hexylresorcinol

    4-Hexylresorcinol

    Parasite Bacterial Apoptosis Glucosidase Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease
    Hexylresorcinol (4-Hexylresorcinol) is a natural compound found in plants with antimicrobial, anthelmintic, antiseptic and antitumor activities. Hexylresorcinol can induce apoptosis in squamous carcinoma cells. Hexylresorcinol is a reversible and noncompetitive inhibitor of α-glucosidase. Hexylresorcinol has protective effects against oxidative DNA damage.
  • HY-126397
    MnTBAP chloride

    NF-κB Inflammation/Immunology
    MnTBAP chloride is a superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic and peroxynitrite scavenger. MnTBAP chloride is a manganic porphyrin complex and has anti-oxidative property. MnTBAP chloride mediates anti-inflammatory effects through upregulation of BMPR-II and inhibition of the NFκB signaling. MnTBAP chloride has the potential for the fibrotic response in chronic kidney diseases (CKDs) research.
  • HY-17401
    Ranolazine dihydrochloride

    CVT 303 dihydrochloride; RS 43285

    Calcium Channel Sodium Channel Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Ranolazine dihydrochloride (CVT 303 dihydrochloride) is an anti-angina drug that achieves its effects by inhibiting the late phase of inward sodium current (INa and IKr with IC50 values of 6 μM and 12 μM, respectively) without affecting heart rate or blood pressure (BP). Ranolazine dihydrochloride is also a partial fatty acid oxidation inhibitor.
  • HY-N6966
    Ethyl Caffeate

    NF-κB NO Synthase COX PGE synthase Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Ethyl Caffeate is a natural phenolic compound isolated from Bidens pilosa. Ethyl caffeate suppresses NF-κB activation and its downstream inflammatory mediators, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in vitro or in mouse skin.
  • HY-N2292
    Kinsenoside

    Keap1-Nrf2 Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Kinsenoside is a main active component isolated from plants of the genus Anoectochilus, and exhibits many biological activities and pharmacological effects. Kinsenoside rescues the nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) viability under oxidative stress and protects against apoptosis, senescence and mitochondrial dysfunction in a Nrf2-dependent way.
  • HY-18204A
    Sacubitril/Valsartan

    LCZ696

    Angiotensin Receptor Neprilysin Apoptosis Cardiovascular Disease Endocrinology
    Sacubitril/Valsartan (LCZ696), comprised Valsartan and Sacubitril (AHU377) in 1:1 molar ratio, is a first-in-class, orally bioavailable, and dual-acting angiotensin receptor-neprilysin (ARN) inhibitor for hypertension and heart failure. Sacubitril/Valsartan ameliorates diabetic cardiomyopathy by inhibiting inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis.
  • HY-N2449
    (±)-Licarin A

    (±)-trans-Dehydrodiisoeugenol

    Parasite Infection
    (±)-Licarin A ((±)-trans-Dehydrodiisoeugenol) is a dihydrobenzofuran neolignan, the resultant of an oxidative coupling reaction of isoeugenol and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzyme. (±)-Licarin A displays 58.7% parasite lysis and has an IC50 value of 100.8 µM for trypanocidal activity against trypomastigote forms of T. cruzi. And (±)-Licarin A shows 100% parasites mortality at 200 µM.
  • HY-125365
    Rifamycin S

    Bacterial Reactive Oxygen Species Antibiotic Infection
    Rifamycin S is a quinone and an antibiotic agnet against Gram-positive bacteria (including MRSA). Rifamycin S is the oxidized forms of a reversible oxidation-reduction system involving two electrons. Rifamycin S generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibits microsomal lipid peroxidation. Rifamycin S can be used for tuberculosis and leprosy.
  • HY-N7363
    Isolongifolene

    (-)-Isolongifolene

    Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Isolongifolene ((-)-Isolongifolene) is a tricyclic sesquiterpene isolated from Murraya koenigii. Isolongifolene attenuates Rotenone-induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis through the regulation of P13K/AKT/GSK-3β signaling pathways. Isolongifolene has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer and neuroprotective properties.
  • HY-W007376
    Indole-3-carboxaldehyde

    3-Formylindole

    Others Others
    Indole-3-carboxaldehyde (3-Formylindole), a cabbage extract, is the product of the oxidative degradation of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) by crude enzyme preparations from etiolated pea seedlings. Indole-3-carboxaldehyde (3-Formylindole) is a biochemical used to prepare analogs of the indole phytoalexin cyclobrassinin.
  • HY-101364A
    CHPG sodium salt

    mGluR NF-κB ERK Akt Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    CHPG sodium salt is a selective mGluR5 agonist, and attenuates SO2-induced oxidative stress and inflammation through TSG-6/NF-κB pathway in BV2 microglial cells. CHPG sodium salt protects against traumatic brain injury (TBI) in vitro and in vivo by activation of the ERK and Akt signaling pathways..
  • HY-135981
    CMS-121

    Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    CMS-121 is a quinolone derivative and an orally active acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1) inhibitor. CMS-121 protects HT22 cells against ischemia and oxidative damage with EC50 values of 7 nM and 200 nM, respectively. CMS-121 has strong neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, antioxidative and renoprotective activities.
  • HY-N1967
    Dihydrocurcumin

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Metabolic Disease
    Dihydrocurcumin, a major metabolites of curcumin, reduces lipid accumulation and oxidative stress. Dihydrocurcumin regulates mRNA and protein expression levels of SREBP-1C, PNPLA3 and PPARα, increases protein expression levels of pAKT and PI3K, and reduced the levels of cellular NO and ROS via Nrf2 signaling pathways.
  • HY-101364
    CHPG

    mGluR NF-κB ERK Akt Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    CHPG is a selective mGluR5 agonist, and attenuates SO2-induced oxidative stress and inflammation through TSG-6/NF-κB pathway in BV2 microglial cells. CHPG protects against traumatic brain injury (TBI) in vitro and in vivo by activation of the ERK and Akt signaling pathways.
  • HY-B0280
    Ranolazine

    CVT 303; RS 43285-003

    Sodium Channel Calcium Channel Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Ranolazine (CVT 303) is an anti-angina drug that achieves its effects by inhibiting the late phase of inward sodium current (INa and IKr with IC50 values of 6 μM and 12 μM, respectively) without affecting heart rate or blood pressure (BP). Ranolazine is also a partial fatty acid oxidation (FAO) inhibitor. Antianginal agent.
  • HY-N4170
    Chebulic acid

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Chebulic acid, a phenolcarboxylic acid compound isolated from Terminalia chebula, has potent anti-oxidant activity, which breaks the cross-links of proteins induced by advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and inhibits the formation of AGEs. Chebulic acid is effective in controlling elevated metabolic parameters, oxidative stress and renal damage, supporting its beneficial effect in diabetic nephropathy.
  • HY-N6263
    EGCG Octaacetate

    Bacterial Infection Cardiovascular Disease
    EGCG Octaacetate is a prodrug of Green tea epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), utilized to enhance the stability and bioavailability of EGCG in vivo. EGCG Octaacetate has high efficacy, bioavailability, anti-oxidation and anti-angiogenesis capacities. EGCG octaacetate is the potential antibacterial compound for gram-positive bacteria (GPB) and gram-negative bacteria (GNB) .
  • HY-15121
    L-Theanine

    L-Glutamic Acid γ-ethyl amide; Nγ-Ethyl-L-glutamine

    Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    L-Theanine (L-Glutamic Acid γ-ethyl amide)is a non-protein amino acid contained in green tea leaves, which blocks the binding of L-glutamic acid to glutamate receptors in the brain, and with neuroprotective and anti-oxidative activities. L-Theanine causes anti-stress effects via the inhibition of cortical neuron excitation by oral intake.
  • HY-N0293
    Paeoniflorin

    Peoniflorin

    HSP Neurological Disease
    Paeoniflorin (Peoniflorin), a heat shock protein-inducing compound and a pinane monoterpene glycoside with various bioactivities, such as anticancer effects, anti-oxidative stress, antiplatelet aggregation, expansion of blood vessels, reducing blood viscosity and anti-inflammatory activity. paeoniflorin protects PC12 cells from MPP + and acidic damage via autophagic pathway.
  • HY-135425
    10,12-Tricosadiynoic acid

    Acyltransferase Metabolic Disease
    10,12-Tricosadiynoic acid is a highly specific, selective, high affinity and orally active acyl-CoA oxidase-1 (ACOX1) inhibitor. 10,12-Tricosadiynoic acid can treat high fat diet- or obesity-induced metabolic diseases by improving mitochondrial lipid and ROS metabolism.
  • HY-100609
    4-P-PDOT

    Melatonin Receptor Neurological Disease
    4-P-PDOT is a potent, selective and affinity Melatonin receptor (MT2) antagonist. 4-P-PDOT is >300-fold more selective for MT2 than MT1. 4-P-PDOT significantly counteracts Melatonin-mediated antioxidant effects (GSH/GSSG ratio, phospho-ERK, Nrf2 nuclear translocation, Nrf2 DNA-binding activity).
  • HY-B0399
    L-Carnitine

    Levocarnitine

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    L-Carnitine (Levocarnitine) is an endogenous molecule involved in fatty acid metabolism, biosynthesized within the human body using amino acids: L-lysine and L-methionine, as substrates. L-Carnitine functions to transport long chain fatty acyl-CoAs into the mitochondria for degradation by β-oxidation. L-carnitine can ameliorate metabolic imbalances in many inborn errors of metabolism.
  • HY-N2082
    Isorhamnetin 3-O-galactoside

    Cacticin

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Isorhamnetin 3-O-galactoside (Cacticin), a flavonoid glycoside isolated from Artemisia capillaris Thunberg, which ameliorates CCl4-induced hepatic damage by enhancing the anti-oxidative defense system and reducing the inflammatory signaling pathways. Isorhamnetin 3-O-galactoside (Cacticin) has antithrombotic and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-12554
    Terlipressin

    Vasopressin Receptor Endocrinology Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Terlipressin is a vasopressin analogue with potent vasoactive properties. Terlipressin is a highly selective vasopressin V1 receptor agonist that reduces the splanchnic blood flow and portal pressure and controls acute variceal bleeding. Terlipressin exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. Terlipressin has the potential for hepatorenal syndrome and norepinephrine-resistant septic shock research.
  • HY-B0413S
    Fenbendazole-d3

    Parasite HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Antibiotic Infection
    Fenbendazole-d3 is a deuterium labeled Fenbendazole. Fenbendazole is a benzimidazole anthelmintic. Fenbendazole is active against Giardia in vitro (IC50 = 0.3 μM). Fenbendazole (20 mg/kg) prevents infiltration of parasites into the brain in a rabbit model of E. cuniculi infection. Fenbendazole also activates HIF-1α and prevents oxidative stress-induced death in primary neurons in vitro.
  • HY-N0244
    Theaflavin-3'-gallate

    Others Cancer
    Theaflavin-3'-gallate, a black tea theaflavin monomer, is regarded as the biologically important active component of black tea and provides health benefits. Theaflavin-3'-gallate acts as prooxidants and induces oxidative stress in the carcinoma cells. Theaflavin-3'-gallate reacts directly with reduced glutathione (GSH) in a time- and concentration-dependent manner.
  • HY-12554A
    Terlipressin acetate

    Vasopressin Receptor Endocrinology Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Terlipressin acetate is a vasopressin analogue with potent vasoactive properties. Terlipressin acetate is a highly selective vasopressin V1 receptor agonist that reduces the splanchnic blood flow and portal pressure and controls acute variceal bleeding. Terlipressin acetate exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. Terlipressin acetate has the potential for hepatorenal syndrome and norepinephrine-resistant septic shock research.
  • HY-14621
    Zingerone

    Vanillylacetone; Gingerone

    NF-κB Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Zingerone (Vanillylacetone) is a nontoxic methoxyphenol isolated from Zingiber officinale, with potent anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antilipolytic, antidiarrhoeic, antispasmodic and anti-tumor properties. Zingerone alleviates oxidative stress and inflammation, down-regulates NF-κB mediated signaling pathways. Zingerone acts as an anti-mitotic agent, and inhibits the growth of neuroblastoma cells.
  • HY-N0245
    Theaflavin-3-gallate

    Others Cancer
    Theaflavin-3-gallate, a black tea theaflavin monomer, is regarded as the biologically important active component of black tea and provides health benefits. Theaflavin-3-gallate acts as prooxidants and induces oxidative stress in the carcinoma cells. Theaflavin-3-gallate reacts directly with reduced glutathione (GSH) in a time- and concentration-dependent manner.
  • HY-137315
    TML-6

    Amyloid-β NF-κB mTOR Keap1-Nrf2 Neurological Disease
    TML-6, an orally active curcumin derivative, inhibits the synthesis of the β-amyloid precursor protein and β-amyloid (Aβ). TML-6 can upregulate Apo E, suppress NF-κB and mTOR, and increase the activity of the anti-oxidative Nrf2 gene. TML-6 has the potential for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) research.
  • HY-N0148
    Rutin

    Rutoside; Quercetin 3-O-rutinoside

    Amyloid-β Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Rutin (Rutoside) is a flavonoid found in many plants and shows a wide range of biological activities including anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antioxidant, neuroprotective, nephroprotective, hepatoprotective and reducing Aβ oligomer activities. Rutin can cross the blood brain barrier. Rutin attenuates vancomycin-induced renal tubular cell apoptosis via suppression of apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and oxidative stress.
  • HY-W014316
    5-Bromo-5-nitro-1,3-dioxane

    Bacterial Fungal Infection
    5-Bromo-5-nitro-1,3-dioxane, an antimicrobial compound, is effective against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and fungi, including yeast. 5-Bromo-5-nitro-1,3-dioxane inhibits enzyme activity and subsequent inhibition of microbial growth by the oxidation of essential protein thiol.
  • HY-Y0265
    Isatin

    Indoline-2,3-dione

    Monoamine Oxidase Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Isatin (Indoline-2,3-dione) is a potent inhibitor of monoamine oxidase (MAO) with an IC50 of 3 μM. Also binds to central benzodiazepine receptors (IC50 against clonazepam, 123 μM). Also acts as an antagonist of both atrial natriuretic peptide stimulated and nitric oxide-stimulated guanylate cyclase activity. Shows effect on the serotonergic system.
  • HY-N0148A
    Rutin hydrate

    Rutoside hydrate; Quercetin 3-O-rutinoside hydrate

    Amyloid-β Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    Rutin (Rutoside) hydrate is a flavonoid found in many plants and shows a wide range of biological activities including anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antioxidant, neuroprotective, nephroprotective, hepatoprotective and reducing Aβ oligomer activities. Rutin hydrate can cross the blood brain barrier. Rutin hydrate attenuates vancomycin-induced renal tubular cell apoptosis via suppression of apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and oxidative stress.
  • HY-118700
    2-Iminobiotin

    Guanidinobiotin

    NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    2-Iminobiotin (Guanidinobiotin) is a biotin (vitamin H or B7) analog. 2-Iminobiotin is a reversible nitric oxide synthases inhibitor with Kis of 21.8 and 37.5μM for murine iNOS and rat n-cNOS, respectively. 2-Iminobiotin superimposes on hypothermia protects human neuronal cells from hypoxia-induced cell damage.
  • HY-N6790
    Nonactin

    Ammonium ionophore I

    Potassium Channel Mitochondrial Metabolism Bacterial Influenza Virus Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Nonactin is a naturally occurring macrotetrolide antibiotic from Streptomyces griseus. Nonactin acts as an ionophore for monovalent cations, including K +, and NH4 +. Nonactin is able to uncouple the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) of mitochondria. Nonactin selectively induces apoptosis in cell lines harboring active mutant β-catenin. Nonactin inhibits the surface expression of endogenous HSP60.
  • HY-N5021
    Anhydrosafflor yellow B

    AHSYB

    Others Neurological Disease
    Anhydrosafflor yellow B (AHSYB) is a quinochalcone C-glycoside isolated from Carthamus tinctorius. Anhydrosafflor yellow B inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation, exhibits significant anti-oxidative effects in vitro, and possesses certain activity against H2O2-induced cytotoxicity in cultured PC12 cells and primary neuronal cells.
  • HY-N1430
    Oxyresveratrol

    trans-Oxyresveratrol

    Tyrosinase HSV Autophagy Others
    Oxyresveratrol (trans-Oxyresveratrol) is a potent naturally occurring antioxidant and free radical scavenger (IC50 of 28.9 µM against DPPH free radicals). Oxyresveratrol is potent and noncompetitive tyrosinase inhibitor with an IC50 value of 1.2 µM for mushroom tyrosinase. Oxyresveratrol is effective against HSV-1, HSV-2 and varicella-zoster virus, and has neuroprotective effects.
  • HY-N0160
    Kinetin

    6-Furfuryladenine; N6-Furfuryladenine

    Others Neurological Disease
    Kinetin (N6-furfuryladenine) belongs to the family of N6-substituted adenine derivatives known as cytokinins, which are plant hormones involved in cell division, differentiation and other physiological processes. Kinetin has anti-aging effects.
  • HY-14664AS
    Fluvastatin D6 sodium

    XU 62-320 (D6)

    HMG-CoA Reductase (HMGCR) Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Fluvastatin D6 sodium (XU 62-320 D6) is deuterium labeled Fluvastatin sodium. Fluvastatin sodium (XU 62320) is a first fully synthetic, competitive HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor with an IC50 of 8 nM.
  • HY-B2130
    Uric acid

    Reactive Oxygen Species Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Uric acid, scavenger of oxygen radical, is a very important antioxidant that help maintains the stability of blood pressure and antioxidant stress. Uric acid can remove reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as singlet oxygen and peroxynitrite, inhibiting lipid peroxidation.
  • HY-B2130A
    Uric acid sodium

    Reactive Oxygen Species Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Uric acid sodium, scavenger of oxygen radical, is a very important antioxidant that help maintains the stability of blood pressure and antioxidant stress. Uric acid sodium can remove reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as singlet oxygen and peroxynitrite, inhibiting lipid peroxidation.
  • HY-N6687
    Calcimycin

    A-23187; Antibiotic A-23187

    Bacterial Fungal Apoptosis Autophagy Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Calcimycin (A-23187) is an antibiotic and a unique divalent cation ionophore (like calcium and magnesium). Calcimycin induces Ca 2+-dependent cell death by increasing intracellular calcium concentration. Calcimycin inhibits the growth of Gram-positive bacteria and some fungi. Calcimycin also inhibits the activity of ATPase and uncouples oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) of mammalian cells. Calcimycin induces apoptosis.
  • HY-17408
    Mevastatin

    Compactin; ML236B

    HMG-CoA Reductase (HMGCR) Bacterial Autophagy Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Mevastatin (Compactin) is a first HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor that belongs to the statins class. Mevastatin is a lipid-lowering agent, and induces apoptosis, arrests cancer cells in G0/G1 phase. Mevastatin also increases endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) mRNA and protein levels. Mevastatin has antitumor activity and has the potential for cardiovascular diseases treatment.
  • HY-13653
    (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate

    EGCG; Epigallocatechol Gallate

    Autophagy Reactive Oxygen Species HIV Ferroptosis Mitochondrial Metabolism Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate is a tea flavonoid with potent antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and anticarcinogenic properties. (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate is reported to inhibit EGFR signaling and thereby exert anticancer effects. (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) is a glutamate dehydrogenase 1/2 (GDH1/2, GLUD1/2) inhibitor. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate induces oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) by activating cytochrome c oxidase.
  • HY-17514
    Itraconazole

    R51211

    Fungal Hedgehog Cytochrome P450 Autophagy Antibiotic Infection Cancer
    Itraconazole (R51211) is a triazole antifungal agent and a potent and orally active Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway antagonist with an IC50 of ~800 nM. Itraconazole potently inhibits lanosterol 14α-demethylase (cytochrome P450 enzyme), thereby inhibits the oxidative conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol. Itraconazole has anticancer and antiangiogenic effects. Itraconazole is a oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) inhibitor.
  • HY-N0460
    1-Caffeoylquinic acid

    NF-κB Cancer
    1-Caffeoylquinic acid is an effective NF-κB inhibitor, shows significant binding affinity to the RH domain of p105 with Ki of 0.002 μM and binding energy of 1.50 Kcal/mol. 1-Caffeoylquinic acid has anti-oxidative stress ability. 1-Caffeoylquinic acid inhibits PD-1/PD-L1 interact.
  • HY-B0968A
    Trimetazidine

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimetazidine is a selective long chain 3-ketoyl coenzyme A thiolase inhibitor with an IC50 of 75 nM, which can inhibit β-oxidation of free fatty acid (FFA). Trimetazidine is an effective antianginal agent and a cytoprotective drug, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and gastroprotective properties. Trimetazidine triggers autophagy. Trimetazidine is also a 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HADHA) inhibitor.
  • HY-128895
    KL1333

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Metabolic Disease
    KL1333, a derivative of β-lapachone, is an orally available NAD+ modulator. KL1333 reacts with NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) as a substrate, resulting in increases in intracellular NAD+ levels via NADH oxidation. KL1333 improves energy metabolism and mitochondrial dysfunction in MELAS fibroblasts. KL1333 protects against Cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in mouse cochlear cultures.
  • HY-118700A
    2-Iminobiotin hydrobromide

    Guanidinobiotin hydrobromide

    NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    2-Iminobiotin hydrobromide (Guanidinobiotin hydrobromide) is a biotin (vitamin H or B7) analog. 2-Iminobiotin hydrobromide is a reversible nitric oxide synthases inhibitor with Kis of 21.8 and 37.5 μM for murine iNOS and rat n-cNOS, respectively. 2-Iminobiotin hydrobromide superimposes on hypothermia protects human neuronal cells from hypoxia-induced cell damage.
  • HY-126124
    AP39

    Others Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    AP39 is a triphenylphosphonium derivatised anethole dithiolethione and mitochondria-targeting hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor. AP39 increases intracellular H2S levels. AP39 exerts cytoprotective effects and maintains mitochondrial DNA integrity under oxidative stress conditions. AP39 protects against myocardial reperfusion injury in mice model and has the potential for Alzheimer's disease research.
  • HY-B0968
    Trimetazidine dihydrochloride

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is a selective long chain 3-ketoyl coenzyme A thiolase inhibitor with an IC50 of 75 nM, which can inhibit β-oxidation of free fatty acid (FFA). Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is an effective antianginal agent and a cytoprotective drug, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and gastroprotective properties. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride triggers autophagy. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is also a 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HADHA) inhibitor.
  • HY-14664CS
    (3S,5R)-Fluvastatin D6 sodium

    (3S,5R)-XU 62-320 D6

    HMG-CoA Reductase (HMGCR) Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    (3S,5R)-Fluvastatin D6 sodium is the deuterium labeled (3S,5R)-Fluvastatin sodium. Fluvastatin is a first fully synthetic, competitive HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor with an IC50 of 8 nM. Fluvastatin protects vascular smooth muscle cells against oxidative stress through the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant pathway.
  • HY-112234
    L-Sepiapterin

    Sepiapterin

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    L-Sepiapterin (Sepiapterin) is a precursor of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4). L-Sepiapterin improves endothelial dysfunction in small mesenteric arteries from db/db mice, and induces angiogenesis. L-Sepiapterin inhibits cell proliferation and migration of ovarian cancer cells via down-regulation of p70 S6K-dependent VEGFR-2 expression.
  • HY-N1970
    5,7-Dihydroxychromone

    Keap1-Nrf2 Arenavirus Caspase PARP Neurological Disease
    5,7-Dihydroxychromone, the extract of Cudrania tricuspidata, activates Nrf2/ARE signal and exerts neuroprotective effects against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis. 5,7-Dihydroxychromone inhibits the expression of activated caspase-3 and caspase-9 and cleaved PARP in 6-OHDA-induced SH-SY5Y cells.
  • HY-N9347
    Stepharine

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Stepharine, an natural alkaloid, directly interactes with TLR4 and binds to the TLR4/MD2 complex (TLR4 inhibitor). Stepharine possesses anti-aging, anti-viral and anti-hypertensive effects.
  • HY-112683
    V-9302

    Others Cancer
    V-9302 is a competitive antagonist of transmembrane glutamine flux. V-9302 selectively and potently targets the amino acid transporter ASCT2 (SLC1A5) not ASCT1. V-9302 inhibits ASCT2-mediated glutamine uptake (IC50=9.6 µM) in HEK-293 cells.
  • HY-121618
    α-Thujone

    GABA Receptor Reactive Oxygen Species Parasite Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    α-Thujone is a monoterpene isolated from Thuja occidentalis essential oil with potent anti-tumor activities. α-Thujone is a reversible modulator of the GABA type A receptor and the IC50 for α-Thujone is 21 μM in suppressing the GABA-induced currents. α-Thujone induces ROS accumulation-dependent cytotoxicity, also induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. α-Thujone has antinociceptive, insecticidal, and anthelmintic activity, and easily penetrates the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-117962A
    BI 703704

    Guanylate Cyclase Metabolic Disease
    BI 703704 is a potent soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activator. BI 703704 inhibits the progression of diabetic nephropathy in the ZSF1 rat.
  • HY-112683A
    V-9302 hydrochloride

    Others Cancer
    V-9302 hydrochloride is a competitive antagonist of transmembrane glutamine flux. V-9302 hydrochloride selectively and potently targets the amino acid transporter ASCT2 (SLC1A5) not ASCT1. V-9302 hydrochloride inhibits ASCT2-mediated glutamine uptake (IC50=9.6 µM) in HEK-293 cells.
  • HY-17514S
    Itraconazole-d5

    Fungal Hedgehog Cytochrome P450 Autophagy Antibiotic Infection Cancer
    Itraconazole-d5 (R51211-d5) is the deuterium labeled Itraconazole. Itraconazole (R51211) is a triazole antifungal agent and a potent and orally active Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway antagonist with an IC50 of ~800 nM. Itraconazole potently inhibits lanosterol 14α-demethylase (cytochrome P450 enzyme), thereby inhibits the oxidative conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol. Itraconazole has anticancer and antiangiogenic effects.
  • HY-B0968S
    Trimetazidine-d8 dihydrochloride

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimetazidine-d8 dihydrochloride is the deuterium labeled Trimetazidine dihydrochloride. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is a selective long chain 3-ketoyl coenzyme A thiolase inhibitor with an IC50 of 75 nM, which can inhibit β-oxidation of free fatty acid (FFA). Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is an effective antianginal agent and a cytoprotective drug, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and gastroprotective properties. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride triggers autophagy. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is also a 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HADHA) inhibitor.
  • HY-B0280S1
    Ranolazine-d8

    Sodium Channel Calcium Channel Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Ranolazine-d8 (CVT 303-d8) is the deuterium labeled Ranolazine. Ranolazine (CVT 303) is an anti-angina drug that achieves its effects by inhibiting the late phase of inward sodium current (INa and IKr with IC50 values of 6 μM and 12 μM, respectively) without affecting heart rate or blood pressure (BP). Ranolazine is also a partial fatty acid oxidation (FAO) inhibitor. Antianginal agent.
  • HY-14664C
    (3S,5R)-Fluvastatin sodium

    (3S,5R)-XU 62-320

    HMG-CoA Reductase (HMGCR) Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    (3S,5R)-Fluvastatin sodium ((3S,5R)-XU 62-320) is the (3S,5R)-enantiomer of Fluvastatin. Fluvastatin is a first fully synthetic, competitive HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor with an IC50 of 8 nM. Fluvastatin protects vascular smooth muscle cells against oxidative stress through the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant pathway.
  • HY-12119A
    GW274150 phosphate

    NO Synthase Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    GW274150 phosphate is a potent, selective, orally active and NADPH-dependent inhibitor of human inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) (IC50=2.19 μM; Kd=40 nM) and rat iNOS (ED50=1.15 μM). GW274150 phosphate displays less potency for both humans or rats endothelial NOS (eNOS) and neuronal NOS (nNOS). GW274150 phosphate exerts a protective role in an acute model of lung injury inflammation.
  • HY-N6687B
    Calcimycin hemimagnesium

    A-23187 hemimagnesium; Antibiotic A-23187 hemimagnesium

    Bacterial Fungal Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Infection
    Calcimycin (A-23187) hemimagnesium is an antibiotic and a unique divalent cation ionophore (like calcium and magnesium). Calcimycin hemimagnesium induces Ca 2+-dependent cell death by increasing intracellular calcium concentration. Calcimycin hemimagnesium inhibits the growth of Gram-positive bacteria and some fungi. Calcimycin hemimagnesium also inhibits the activity of ATPase and uncouples oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) of mammalian cells. Calcimycin hemimagnesium induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N6687A
    Calcimycin hemicalcium salt

    A-23187 hemicalcium salt; Antibiotic A-23187 hemicalcium salt

    Bacterial Fungal Apoptosis Autophagy Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Calcimycin hemicalcium salt (A-23187 hemicalcium salt) is an antibiotic and a unique divalent cation ionophore (like calcium and magnesium). Calcimycin hemicalcium salt induces Ca 2+-dependent cell death by increasing intracellular calcium concentration. Calcimycin hemicalcium salt inhibits the growth of Gram-positive bacteria and some fungi. Calcimycin hemicalcium salt also inhibits the activity of ATPase and uncouples oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) of mammalian cells. Calcimycin hemicalcium salt induces apoptosis.
  • HY-127019
    Nigericin

    Sodium Channel NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Nigericin is an antibiotic derived from Streptomyces hygroscopicus that act as a K +/H + ionophore, promoting K +/H + exchange across mitochondrial membranes.Nigericin can be a NLRP3 activator that induces the release of IL-1β as a NALP3-dependent manner. Nigericin triggers eryptosis, an effect paralleled by ROS formation, and in part due to induction of oxidative stress. Nigericin triggers apoptosis.
  • HY-133152
    Brexpiprazole S-oxide

    DM-3411

    5-HT Receptor Dopamine Receptor Neurological Disease
    Brexpiprazole S-oxide (DM-3411) is a main metabolite of Brexpiprazole and is metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). Brexpiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic agent and a partial agonist of human 5-HT1A and dopamine receptor with Kis of 0.12 nM and 0.3 nM, respectively. Brexpiprazole is also a 5-HT2A receptor antagonist with a Ki of 0.47 nM.
  • HY-138153
    JKE-1674

    Glutathione Peroxidase Ferroptosis Cancer
    JKE-1674 is an orally active glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) inhibitor and an active metabolite of GPX4 inhibitor ML-210. JKE-1674, an analog of ML-210 in which the nitroisoxazole ring is replaced with an α-nitroketoxime. JKE-1674 can convert into a nitrile oxide JKE-1777. JKE-1674 kills LOX-IMVI cells in a manner that is equipotent to ML-210 and is completely rescued by ferroptosis inhibitors.
  • HY-12119
    GW274150

    NO Synthase Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    GW274150 is a potent, selective, orally active and NADPH-dependent inhibitor of human inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) (IC50=2.19 μM; Kd=40 nM) and rat iNOS (ED50=1.15 μM). GW274150 also displays less potency for both humans or rats endothelial NOS (eNOS) and neuronal NOS (nNOS). GW274150 exerts a protective role in an acute model of lung injury inflammation.
  • HY-N2447
    Amarogentin

    AMPK Apoptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Amarogentin is a secoiridoid glycoside that is mainly extracted from Swertia and Gentiana roots. Amarogentin exhibits many biological effects, including anti-oxidative, anti-tumour, and anti-diabetic activities. Amarogentin exerts hepatoprotective and immunomodulatory effects. Amarogentin promotes apoptosis, arrests G2/M cell cycle and downregulates of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signalling pathways. Amarogentin exerts beneficial vasculo-metabolic effect by activating AMPK.
  • HY-122895A
    (E/Z)-E64FC26

    Apoptosis Cancer
    (E/Z)-E64FC26 is a mixture complex of E-E64FC26 and Z-E64FC26. E64FC26 (E-E64FC26) is a potent pan-inhibitor of the protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) family, with IC50s of 1.9, 20.9, 25.9, 16.3, and 25.4 μM against PDIA1, PDIA3, PDIA4, TXNDC5, and PDIA6. E64FC26 shows anti-myeloma activity.
  • HY-137067
    IMT1B

    LDC203974

    Others Cancer
    IMT1B (LDC203974) is an orally active, noncompetitive and specific allosteric inhibitor of mitochondrial RNA polymerase (POLRMT) and inhibits mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) expression. IMT1B has anti-tumour effects.
  • HY-122895
    E64FC26

    Apoptosis Cancer
    E64FC26 is a potent pan-inhibitor of the protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) family, with IC50s of 1.9, 20.9, 25.9, 16.3, and 25.4 μM against PDIA1, PDIA3, PDIA4, TXNDC5, and PDIA6, respectively. E64FC26 shows anti-myeloma activity.
  • HY-W009732
    Sinapinic acid

    Sinapic acid

    HDAC Angiotensin-converting Enzyme (ACE) Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Sinapinic acid (Sinapic acid) is a phenolic compound isolated from Hydnophytum formicarum Jack. Rhizome, acts as an inhibitor of HDAC, with an IC50 of 2.27 mM, and also inhibits ACE-I activity. Sinapinic acid posssess potent anti-tumor activity, induces apoptosis of tumor cells. Sinapinic acid shows antioxidant and antidiabetic activities. Sinapinic acid reduces total cholesterol, triglyceride, and HOMA-IR index, and also normalizes some serum parameters of antioxidative abilities and oxidative damage in ovariectomized rats.
  • HY-N0261
    Aurantio-obtusin

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Aurantio-obtusin is an anthraquinone isolated from Semen Cassiae, with anti-Inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-coagulating and anti-hypertension activities. Aurantio-obtusin relaxes systemic arteries through endothelial PI3K/AKT/eNOS-dependent signaling pathway in rats, thus acts as a new potential vasodilator. Aurantio-obtusin inhibits allergic responses in IgE-mediated mast cells and anaphylactic models and is potential for treatment for allergy-related diseases.
  • HY-123823
    Nitroaspirin

    NCX 4016

    COX Apoptosis Cancer
    Nitroaspirin (NCX 4016) is a nitric oxide (NO) donor and a nitro-derivative of Aspirin, which combines with Nitroaspirin to inhibit cyclooxygenase. Nitroaspirin (NCX 4016) has antithrombotic and anti-platelet properties and acts as a direct and irreversible inhibitor of COX-1. Nitroaspirin (NCX 4016) causes significant induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in Cisplatin-resistant human ovarian cancer cells via down-regulation of EGFR/PI3K/STAT3 signaling and modulation of Bcl-2 family proteins.
  • HY-N4226
    1-Methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-3-carboxylic acid

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    1-Methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-3-carboxylic acid is from Cordyceps bassiana, which is one of Cordyceps species with anti-oxidative, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-obesity, anti-angiogenic, and anti-nociceptive activities. 1-Methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-3-carboxylic acid targets to block AP-1-mediated luciferase activity, implying it has an anti-inflammatory function.
  • HY-N0303
    Idebenone

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    Idebenone, a well-appreciated mitochondrial protectant, exhibits protective efficacy against neurotoxicity and can be used for the research of Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease. Idebenone (oxidised form) has a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on the enzymatic metabolism of arachidonic acid in astroglial homogenates (IC50=16.65 μM). Idebenone, a coenzyme Q10 analog and an antioxidant, induces apoptotic cell death in the human dopaminergic neuroblastoma SHSY-5Y cells. Idebenone quickly crosses the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-N7041
    11-Oxomogroside IIa

    HSV Infection
    11-Oxomogroside IIa (11-oxomogroside II A1) is a cucurbitane glycoside extracted from the fruits of Siraitia grosVenorii. 11-Oxomogroside IIa has inhibitory effects against the Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), shows weak inhibitory effects on activation of (+/-)-(E)-methyl-2-[(E)-hydroxyimino]-5-nitro-6-methoxy-3-hexemide (NOR 1), a nitric oxide (NO) donor.
  • HY-121744
    PS10

    PDHK Inflammation/Immunology
    PS10 is a novel, potent and ATP-competitive pan-PDK inhibitor, inhibits all PDK isoforms with IC50 of 0.8 μM, 0.76 μM, 2.1 μM and 21.3 μM for PDK2, PDK4, PDK1, and PDK3, respectively. PS10 shows high affinity for PDK2 (Kd= 239 nM) than for Hsp90 (Kd= 47 μM). PS10 improves glucose tolerance, stimulates myocardial carbohydrate oxidation in diet-induced obesity. PS10 has the potential for the investigation of diabetic cardiomyopathy.PDK: pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase
  • HY-12403A
    Angiotensin (1-7) (acetate)

    Ang-(1-7) (acetate)

    Angiotensin Receptor Angiotensin-converting Enzyme (ACE) Endogenous Metabolite Endocrinology Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Angiotensin 1-7 (Ang-(1-7)) acetate is an endogenous heptapeptide from the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) with a cardioprotective role due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic activities in cardiac cells. Angiotensin 1-7 acetate inhibits purified canine ACE activity (IC50=0.65 μM). Angiotensin 1-7 acetate acts as a local synergistic modulator of kinin-induced vasodilation by inhibiting ACE and releasing nitric oxide. Angiotensin 1-7 acetate blocks Ang II-induced smooth muscle cell proliferation and hypertrophy and shows antiangiogenic and growth-inhibitory effects on the endothelium.
  • HY-12403
    Angiotensin (1-7)

    Ang-(1-7)

    Angiotensin Receptor Angiotensin-converting Enzyme (ACE) Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease Endocrinology
    Angiotensin 1-7 (Ang-(1-7)) is an endogenous heptapeptide from the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) with a cardioprotective role due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic activities in cardiac cells. Angiotensin 1-7 inhibits purified canine ACE activity (IC50=0.65 μM). Angiotensin 1-7 acts as a local synergistic modulator of kinin-induced vasodilation by inhibiting ACE and releasing nitric oxide. Angiotensin 1-7 blocks Ang II-induced smooth muscle cell proliferation and hypertrophy and shows antiangiogenic and growth-inhibitory effects on the endothelium. Angiotensin 1-7 shows anti-inflammatory activity .
  • HY-N0617
    Sanggenon C

    NF-κB Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Sanggenon C is a flavanone Diels-Alder adduct compound, which is isolated from the root bark of Morus cathayana. Sanggenon C exerts protective effects against cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis via suppression of the calcineurin/NFAT2 pathway. Sanggenon C inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in RAW264.7 cells, and tumor necrosis factor-α-stimulated cell adhesion and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression, by suppressing NF-κB activity. Sanggenon C possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory activities and inhibits Pancreatic lipase (PL) with the an IC50 of 3.00 μM.
  • HY-103661
    BI-6C9

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    BI-6C9 is a highly specific BH3 interacting domain (Bid) inhibitor, which prevents mitochondrial outer membrane potential (MOMP) and mitochondrial fission, and protects the cells from mitochondrial apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) release and caspase-independent cell death in neurons.
  • HY-N7012
    7,3',4'-Tri-O-methylluteolin

    5-Hydroxy-3',4',7-trimethoxyflavone

    TNF Receptor Interleukin Related COX Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    7,3',4'-Tri-O-methylluteolin (5-Hydroxy-3',4',7-trimethoxyflavone) is a flavonoid from the herb Lippia nodiflora L. (Verbenaceae) which has been documented to exhibit anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antitussive, antidiabetic, anticancer, and antimelanogenesis properties. 7,3',4'-Tri-O-methylluteolin obviously reduces the prodn of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β in a concentration-dependent manner. 7,3',4'-Tri-O-methylluteolin significantly induces reduction in the mRNA expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2, representing that inhibition occurs at the transcriptional level.
  • HY-12379
    NS-2028

    Guanylate Cyclase Inflammation/Immunology
    NS-2028 is a highly selective soluble Guanylyl Cyclase (sGC) inhibitor with IC50 values of 30 nM and 200 nM for basal and NO-stimulated enzyme activity. NS-2028 inhibits soluble Guanylyl Cyclase activity in homogenates of mouse cerebellum and neuronal NO synthase with IC50 values of 17 nM and 20 nM. NS-2028 inhibits 3-morpholino-sydnonimine (SIN-1)-elicited formation of cyclic GMP in human cultured umbilical vein endothelial cells with an IC50 of 30 nM. NS-2028 is commonly used in the research of nitric oxide signaling pathways, it inhibits NO-dependent relaxant responses in non-vascular smooth muscle completely (1 μM). NS-2028 reduces vascular endothelial growth factor-induced angiogenesis and permeability.
  • HY-P0117
    Tat-NR2B9c

    Tat-NR2Bct; NA-1

    iGluR NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    Tat-NR2B9c (Tat-NR2Bct; NA-1) is a postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95) inhibitor, with EC50 values of 6.7 nM and 670 nM for PSD-95d2 (PSD-95 PDZ domain 2) and PSD-95d1, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c disrupts the PSD-95/NMDAR interaction, inhibiting NR2A and NR2B binding to PSD-95 with IC50 values of 0.5 μM and 8 μM, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c also inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)/PSD-95 interaction, and possesses neuroprotective efficacy.
  • HY-P0117A
    Tat-NR2B9c TFA

    Tat-NR2Bct TFA; NA-1 TFA

    iGluR NO Synthase Neurological Disease
    Tat-NR2B9c TFA (Tat-NR2Bct TFA) is a postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95) inhibitor, with EC50 values of 6.7 nM and 670 nM for PSD-95d2 (PSD-95 PDZ domain 2) and PSD-95d1, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c TFA disrupts the PSD-95/NMDAR interaction, inhibiting NR2A and NR2B binding to PSD-95 with IC50 values of 0.5 μM and 8 μM, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c TFA also inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)/PSD-95 interaction, and possesses neuroprotective efficacy.