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Results for "

precursor

" in MCE Product Catalog:

205

Inhibitors & Agonists

1

Screening Libraries

3

Dye Reagents

2

Biochemical Assay Reagents

17

Peptides

102

Natural
Products

21

Recombinant Proteins

5

Isotope-Labeled Compounds

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-109145
    Fosdenopterin

    precursor Z; BBP-870; ALXN-1101

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Fosdenopterin (Precursor Z) is a synthetic cyclic pyranopterin monophosphate (cPMP). Fosdenopterin can be used for the research of molybdenum cofactor deficiency (MoCD) type A.
  • HY-117544
    Porphyrin precursor

    Others Others
    Porphyrin precursor is the precursor of Porphyrin for the synthesis of Porphyrin. Porphyrin is a large organic compound containing four modified pyrrole subunits interconnected to each other.
  • HY-139516
    [18F]AZD4694 Precursor

    Others Others
    [18F]AZD4694 Precursor is the precursor of [ 18F] AZD4694 for the synthesis of [ 18F] AZD4694, an amyloid-β imaging ligand with high affinity for amyloid-β plaques.
  • HY-43586
    BR351 precursor

    MMP Cancer
    BR351 precursor is a precursor of BR351. BR351 is a brain penetrant MMP inhibitor with IC50s of 4, 2, 11, 50 nM for MMP2, MMP8, MMP9 and MMP13, respectively.
  • HY-141647
    [18F]-Labeled L-dopa precursor

    Others Others
    [18F]-Labeled L-dopa precursor is a precursor for synthesis of 18F-labeled L-dopa extracted from patent WO2014095739A1, example 8.
  • HY-N1439
    Gypsogenin-3-O-glucuronide

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    Gypsogenin-3-O-glucuronide is a ubiquitous saponin precursor in plants of the genus Gypsophila.
  • HY-W026772
    Fluorene

    Others Others
    Fluorene, a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), is a precursor to other fluorene compounds. Fluorene and its derivative can be used as a precursor to fluorene-based dyes.
  • HY-126370
    Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate is a metabolite involved in protein geranylgeranylation. Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate is the common precursor of  diterpenoids, for example, Paclitaxel. Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate can be used for cancer research.
  • HY-133023
    Indium(III) isopropoxide

    Others Others
    Indium(III) Isopropoxide is an organo-metallic compound. Indium(III) Isopropoxide uesd as a hydrogen transfer catalyst for conversion of benzylic alcohols into aldehydes or ketones via Oppenauer oxidation. Indium(III) Isopropoxide also can be used as metal precursor.
  • HY-Y0932
    Isophorone

    Others Others
    Isophorone, an α,β-unsaturated cyclic ketone, is used as a precursor to polymers.
  • HY-W018758
    1-Phenylpropane-1,2-dione

    Others Metabolic Disease Others
    1-Phenylpropane-1,2-dione, isolated from young Ephedra sinica Stapf (Ephedraceae), is biosynthetic precursors of the ephedrine alkaloids.
  • HY-W104368
    Nicotinic acid riboside

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Nicotinic acid riboside is a NAD + precursor in human cells. Nicotinic acid riboside is an authentic intermediate of human NAD + metabolism.
  • HY-N7007
    Sclareol glycol

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Sclareol glycol is the precursor of ambroxide. Hyphozyma roseonigra ATCC 20624 was the only reported strain capable of degrading sclareol to the main product of sclareol glycol.
  • HY-107833
    A40926

    Bacterial Infection
    A40926, the precursor of Dalbavancin, is a second-generation glycopeptide antibiotic. A40926 inhibits gram-positive bacteria, and is very active against Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
  • HY-N1150
    Thymidine

    DThyd; NSC 21548

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Thymidine, a specific precursor of deoxyribonucleic acid, is used as a cell synchronizing agent. Thymidine is a DNA synthesis inhibitor that can arrest cell at G1/S boundary, prior to DNA replication.
  • HY-W018025
    5,6-Dihydroxyindole

    Bacterial Fungal Parasite Endogenous Metabolite Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    5,6-Dihydroxyindole, a melanin precursor, has a broad-spectrum antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic activity. 5,6-Dihydroxyindole has cytotoxic effects and is strongly toxic against various pathogens.
  • HY-P1486
    Angiotensinogen (1-14), human

    Endogenous Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    Angiotensinogen (1-14), human is a fragment of the renin substrate angiotensinogen. Angiotensinogen is naturally occurring substrate for renin and a precursor for all angiotensin peptides.
  • HY-P1486A
    Angiotensinogen (1-14), human TFA

    Endogenous Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    Angiotensinogen (1-14), human TFA is a fragment of the renin substrate angiotensinogen. Angiotensinogen is naturally occurring substrate for renin and a precursor for all angiotensin peptides.
  • HY-B0955
    Oxethazaine

    Oxetacaine

    HBV Neurological Disease
    Oxethazaine (Oxetacaine), a precursor of phentermine acidic, is an acid-resistent and orally active analgesic agent. Oxethazaine (Oxetacaine) has the potential for the relief of pain associated with peptic ulcer disease or esophagitis.
  • HY-Y0123
    DL-Tyrosine

    Others Neurological Disease
    DL-Tyrosine is an aromatic nonessential amino acid synthesized from the essential amino acid phenylalanine. DL-Tyrosine is a precursor for several important neurotransmitters (epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine).
  • HY-111661
    6,7-Dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine

    Others Others
    6,7-Dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine is a direct biosynthetic precursor of Riboflavin (RBF; HY-B0456). 6,7-Dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine is a noncovalently bound fluorophore of Lumazine protein (LumP), which is a fluorescent accessory protein.
  • HY-W000800
    cis,cis-Muconic acid

    Others Others
    cis,cis-Muconic acid, a metabolic intermediate of Klebsiella pneumonia, can be converted to adipic acid and terephthalic acid, which are important monomers of synthetic polymers. cis,cis-Muconic acid is also a biochemical material that can be used for the production of various plastics and polymers and is particularly gaining attention as an adipic acid precursor for the synthesis of nylon-6,6.
  • HY-136476
    Mg(II) protoporphyrin IX

    Others Others
    Mg(II) protoporphyrin IX is a precursor of chlorophyll in Chlorella. Mg(II) protoporphyrin IX is a negative effector of nuclear photosynthetic gene expression. Mg(II) protoporphyrin IX can be used for the research of signaling molecule implicated in plastid-to-nucleus communication.
  • HY-N0304
    L-DOPA

    Levodopa; 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine

    Dopamine Receptor Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    L-DOPA (Levodopa) is an orally active metabolic precursor of neurotransmitters dopamine. L-DOPA can cross the blood-brain barrier and is converted into dopamine in the brain. L-DOPA has anti-allodynic effects and the potential for Parkinson's disease.
  • HY-113596
    Acetyl Coenzyme A trisodium

    Acetyl-CoA trisodium

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Acetyl Coenzyme A trisodium (Acetyl-CoA trisodium) is a central metabolic intermediate. Acetyl Coenzyme A trisodium is the actual molecule through which glycolytic pyruvate enters the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, is a key precursor of lipid synthesis, and is the sole donor of the acetyl groups for acetylation. Acetyl Coenzyme A trisodium acts as a potent allosteric activator of pyruvate carboxylase (PC).
  • HY-120947
    AV-105

    Others Neurological Disease
    AV-105 is a Florbetapir ( 18F)-radiolabeled slyrylpyridine tosylate precursor extracted from patent WO2010078370A1, example 1.5. AV-105 can synthesize 18F-radiolabeled compounds, which are used for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of neurodegenerative diseases of the brain.
  • HY-34758
    N-Nitroso-N-methylurea

    NMU; MNU; NMH

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Cancer
    N-Nitroso-N-methylurea (NMU;MNU;NMH) is a potent carcinogen, mutagen and teratogenand. N-Nitroso-N-methylurea is a direct-acting alkylating agent that interacts with DNA. N-Nitroso-N-methylurea targets multiple animal organs to cause various cancer and/or degenerative disease. N-Nitroso-N-methylurea is also a precursor in the synthesis of diazomethane.
  • HY-76006
    3-Hydroxybenzaldehyde

    Aldehyde Dehydrogenase (ALDH) Cardiovascular Disease
    3-Hydroxybenzaldehyde is a precursor compound for phenolic compounds, such as Protocatechualdehyde (HY-N0295). 3-Hydroxybenzaldehyde is a substrate of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) in rats and humans (ALDH2). 3-Hydroxybenzaldehyde has vasculoprotective effects in vitro and in vivo.
  • HY-103374
    Phenserine

    (-)-Eseroline phenylcarbamate; (-)-Phenserine

    AChE Amyloid-β Neurological Disease
    Phenserine ((-)-Eseroline phenylcarbamate) is a derivative of Physostigmine and is a potent, noncompetitive, long-acting and selective AChE inhibitor. Phenserine reduces β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) formation. Phenserine improves cognitive performance and attenuates the progression of Alzheimer's disease.
  • HY-113462
    α-Carotene

    Others Cancer
    α-Carotene, a precursor of vitamin A, is used as an anti-metastatic agent or as an adjuvant for anti-cancer drugs. α-Carotene is isolated from yellow-orange and dark-green vegetables.
  • HY-50882
    ELN318463

    γ-secretase Neurological Disease
    ELN318463 is an amyloid precursor protein (APP) selective γ-secretase inhibitor. ELN318463 shows differential inhibition of presenilin (PS1)- and PS2-comprised γ-secretase with EC50s of 12 nM and 656 nM for PS1 and PS2, respectively. ELN318463 is 51-fold more selective for PS1.
  • HY-50882A
    ELN318463 racemate

    γ-secretase Neurological Disease
    ELN318463 racemate is the racemate of ELN318463. ELN318463 is an amyloid precursor protein (APP) selective γ-secretase inhibitor. ELN318463 shows differential inhibition of presenilin (PS1)- and PS2-comprised γ-secretase with EC50s of 12nM and 656 nM for PS1and PS2, respectively. ELN318463 is 51-fold more selective for PS1.
  • HY-113414S
    Deoxycorticosterone-d8

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Deoxycorticosterone-d8 is the deuterium labeled Deoxycorticosterone. Deoxycorticosterone is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal gland that possesses mineralocorticoid activity and acts as an aldosterone precursor.
  • HY-101416
    Vanilpyruvic acid

    Vanylpyruvic acid

    Adrenergic Receptor Monoamine Transporter Opioid Receptor Drug Metabolite Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease Endocrinology
    Vanilpyruvic acid is a catecholamine metabolite and precursor to vanillactic acid.
  • HY-N0354
    Anthraquinone

    Virus Protease Others
    Anthraquinone is used as a precursor for dye formation.
  • HY-W010256
    D-Xylulose

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    D-xylulose is a precursor of the pentiol D-arabitol.
  • HY-127033
    Santalene

    Others Others
    α-Santalene is a precursor of Sandalwood Oil.
  • HY-N7064
    Iminostilbene

    Others Others
    Iminostilbene is a a chemical precursor of carbamazepine.
  • HY-Y0839
    Levulinic acid

    4-Oxovaleric acid; Laevulinic acid; Levulic acid; NSC 3716; β-Acetylpropionic acid; γ-Ketovaleric acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Levulinic acid is a precursor for the synthesis of biofuels, such as ethyl levulinate.
  • HY-N2162
    12-Epinapelline

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    12-Epinapelline is a diterpene alkaloid isolated from Aconitum baikalense. 12-Epinapelline exhibits Anti-inflammatory activity and stimulates the growth of colonies from fibroblast precursors.
  • HY-114202
    delta-Valerobetaine

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    delta-Valerobetaine is a precursor of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO).
  • HY-N4106
    Dihydroartemisinic acid

    Dihydroqinghao acid

    Parasite Ferroptosis Infection
    Dihydroartemisinic acid (Dihydroqinghao acid) is a biosynthetic precursor to the antimalarial agent Artemisinin.
  • HY-113279
    7-Dehydrocholesterol

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    7-Dehydrocholesterol is biosynthetic precursor of cholesterol and vitamin D3.
  • HY-128425
    N-​Carbamoyl-​DL-​aspartic acid

    Ureidosuccinic Acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    N-​Carbamoyl-​DL-​aspartic acid (Ureidosuccinic acid) is a precursor of nucleic acid pyrimidines.
  • HY-B1405
    Dehydroisoandrosterone 3-acetate

    Dehydroepiandrosterone 3-acetate; DHEA acetate

    Androgen Receptor Endocrinology Cancer
    Dehydroepiandrosterone 3-acetate is a testosterone/estrogen precursor and known modulator of vertebrate aggression.
  • HY-128721
    KX-01-191

    Others Others
    KX-01-191 (compound 5c′) is a tin-precursor.
  • HY-113071
    Mevalonic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Mevalonic acid, a precursor in the mevalonate pathway, is essential for cell growth and proliferation.
  • HY-W006057
    3-Methyl-2-oxobutanoic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    3-Methyl-2-oxobutanoic acid is a precursor of pantothenic acid in Escherichia coli.
  • HY-113427
    trans-Vaccenic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    trans-Vaccenic acid is a precursor for the synthesis of saturated fatty acid in the rumen and of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) at the tissue level.
  • HY-113071A
    Mevalonic acid lithium salt

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Mevalonic acid lithium salt, a precursor in the mevalonate pathway, is essential for cell growth and proliferation.
  • HY-B1472
    Deoxycorticosterone acetate

    11-Deoxycorticosterone acetate; DOC acetate; Cortexone acetate

    Mineralocorticoid Receptor Endogenous Metabolite Endocrinology
    Deoxycorticosterone acetate is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal gland that possesses mineralocorticoid activity and acts as a precursor to aldosterone.
  • HY-N7493
    N-acetyldopamine

    NADA

    Others Others
    N-acetyldopamine (NADA) is a catecholamine that is used by insects as sclerotizing precursors to harden their cuticle.
  • HY-113414
    Deoxycorticosterone

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Deoxycorticosterone is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal gland that possesses mineralocorticoid activity and acts as an aldosterone precursor.
  • HY-133953
    9-Oxoheptadecanedioic acid

    Others Others
    9-Oxoheptadecanedioic acid (compound 46) is a precursor of Civetone used for labeling proteins.
  • HY-N0305
    5-Aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride

    5-ALA hydrochloride; δ-Aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride; 5-Amino-4-oxopentanoic acid hydrochloride

    Autophagy Mitophagy Endogenous Metabolite Apoptosis Metabolic Disease Cancer
    5-Aminolevulinic acid hydrochloride (5-ALA hydrochloride) is an intermediate in heme biosynthesis in the body and the universal precursor of tetrapyrroles.
  • HY-N0623
    L-Tryptophan

    Tryptophan; Tryptophane

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Tryptophan (Tryptophan) is an essential amino acid that is the precursor of serotonin, melatonin, and vitamin B3.
  • HY-W010098
    Terephthalic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Terephthalic acid is one isomer of the three phthalic, a precursor to the polyester PET, used to make clothing and plastic bottles.
  • HY-W021448
    Glycocyamine

    Guanidinoacetic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Glycocyamine (Guanidinoacetic acid), a precursor of creatine, is a replacement of dietary arginine and could support overall energy homeostasis of the bird.
  • HY-107854
    N-Acetyl-5-hydroxytryptamine

    N-Acetylserotonin; Normelatonin; O-Demethylmelatonin

    Endogenous Metabolite Trk Receptor Neurological Disease
    N-Acetyl-5-hydroxytryptamine is a Melatonin precursor, and that it can potently activate TrkB receptor.
  • HY-103643
    Fumagillol

    (-)-Fumagillol

    Bacterial Infection
    Fumagillol is a direct precursor of fumagillin. Fumagillin, as an antimicrobial agent, is a potent and selective inhibitor of angiogenesis.
  • HY-Y0479
    L-Lactic acid

    (S)-2-Hydroxypropanoic acid

    Bacterial Endogenous Metabolite Antibiotic Infection
    L-Lactic acid is a buildiing block which can be used as a precursor for the production of the bioplastic polymer poly-lactic acid.
  • HY-W006057A
    Sodium 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Sodium 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate is a precursor of pantothenic acid in Escherichia coli.
  • HY-W007970
    H-Phe-Phe-OH

    Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    H-Phe-Phe-OH is a peptide made of two phenylalanine molecules; Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid and the precursor for the amino acid tyrosine.
  • HY-112669
    5-Chloro-2'-deoxyuridine

    5-Chlorodeoxyuridine; CldU

    Others Neurological Disease
    5-Chloro-2'-deoxyuridine, a thymine analog, is to study the potential of hypochlorous acid damage to DNA and DNA precursors.
  • HY-N2139
    Protopseudohypericin

    Others Others
    Protopseudohypericin, a naturally occurring naphthodianthrone, is isolated from H. perforatum. Protopseudohypericin is considered to be the biosynthetic precursor of Pseudohypericin.
  • HY-23926
    PYBG

    Others Others
    PYBG acts as a versatile precursor to be facilely conjugated with various fluorescent dyes through ‘Click chemistry’ and Sonogashira coupling reactions.
  • HY-W007656
    Cyclen

    Others Others
    Cyclen is the aza analogue of crown ether, used as a precursor for MRI contrast agents, and is an intermediate for the preparation of effective macrocyclic chelates.
  • HY-130573
    DMAPP

    Dimethylallyl diphosphate

    Others Metabolic Disease
    DMAPP (Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate) is an isoprenoid precursor. DMAPP, as an isomer of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP), exists in virtually all life forms.
  • HY-130573A
    Dimethylallyl Pyrophosphate triammonium salt

    Dimethylallyl diphosphate triammonium

    Others Metabolic Disease
    DMAPP (Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate) triammonium is an isoprenoid precursor. DMAPP triammonium, as an isomer of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP), exists in virtually all life forms.
  • HY-12695B
    Guanosine 5'-triphosphate trisodium salt hydrate

    5'-GTP trisodium salt hydrate

    Others Endogenous Metabolite Others
    5'-GTP trisodium salt hydrate is an activator of the signal transducing G proteins and also serves as an energy-rich precursor of mononucleotide units in the enzymatic biosynthesis of DNA and RNA.
  • HY-D0186
    2'-Deoxyuridine

    Endogenous Metabolite Infection
    2'-Deoxyuridine could increase chromosome breakage and results in a decreased thymidylate synthetase activity. A known use of 2'-Deoxyuridine is as a precursor in the synthesis of Edoxudine.
  • HY-N4068
    Glucoraphanin

    Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer
    Glucoraphanin, a natural glucosinolate found in cruciferous vegetable, is a stable precursor of the Nrf2 inducer sulforaphane, which possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic effects.
  • HY-W011151
    trans-Zeatinriboside

    Others Others
    trans-Zeatinriboside is a type of cytokinin precursor, acts as a major long-distance signalling form in xylem vessels, regulates leaf size and meristem activity-related traits.
  • HY-N1393
    2-Methoxybenzoic acid

    NSC 3778; O-Methylsalicylic acid; Salicylic acid methyl ether

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    2-Methoxybenzoic acid (NSC 3778) is used as an internal standard of salicylic acid and its putative biosynthetic precursors in cucumber leaves. Another known use is in the synthesis of Benextramine.
  • HY-N0122
    5-Hydroxytryptophan

    5-HTP; DL-5-Hydroxytryptophan

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    5-Hydroxytryptophan, a tryptophan metabolite, is a direct 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) precursor and an L-aromatic amino acid decarboxylase substrate. .
  • HY-117029
    NAAD sodium salt

    Deamido nad sodium salt

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    NAAD sodium salt (Deamido nad sodium salt), a functional NAD + precursor, is the substrate of glutamine-dependent NAD + synthetase. NAAD sodium salt is used to study the structure of nicotinate mononucleotide adenylyltransferases.
  • HY-113224
    Desmosterol

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Desmosterol is a molecule similar to cholesterol. Desmosterol is the immediate precursor of cholesterol in the Bloch pathway of cholesterol biosynthesis. Desmosterol, as an endogenous metabolite, used to study cholesterol metabolism.
  • HY-126050
    (R)-Pantetheine

    Pantetheine

    Others Metabolic Disease
    (R)-Pantetheine is the biosynthetic precursor to CoA. (R)-Pantetheine and its corresponding disulfide pantethine, play a key role in metabolism as a building block of coenzyme A (CoA).
  • HY-18729A
    L-NAME hydrochloride

    NG-Nitroarginine methyl ester hydrochloride

    NO Synthase Cancer
    L-NAME hydrochloride inhibits NOS with an IC50 of 70 μM. L-NAME is a precursor to NOS inhibitor L-NOARG which has an IC50 value of 1.4 μM.
  • HY-50883
    BMS 299897

    γ-secretase Neurological Disease
    BMS 299897 is a sulfonamide γ-secretase inhibitor with an IC50 of 7 nM for Aβ production inhibition in HEK293 cells stably overexpressing amyloid precursor protein (APP).
  • HY-N5110
    Marmesinin

    (-)-Marmesinin; Ammijin

    Others Neurological Disease
    Marmesinin ((-)-Marmesinin), a natural coumarin, is a biosynthetic precursor of psoralen and linear furanocoumarins. Marmesinin exhibits significant neuroprotective activities against glutamate-induced toxicity.
  • HY-Y0669
    Pipecolic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Bacterial Infection Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Pipecolic acid, a metabolite of Lysine, is an important precursor of many useful microbial secondary metabolites. Pipecolic acid can be used as a diagnostic marker of Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy.
  • HY-75958
    Vitamin D4

    22-Dihydroergocalciferol

    VD/VDR Metabolic Disease
    Vitamin D4 (22-Dihydroergocalciferol) is a Vitamin D derived from fungi. The precursor of Vitamin D4 is 22,23-dihydroergosterol.
  • HY-N7033
    UDP-glucuronic acid trisodium

    Others Metabolic Disease
    UDP-​glucuronic acid trisodium is a critical precursor for essential glycoconjugates across biological kingdoms, ranging from mammalian glycosaminoglycans and plant cell wall polysaccharides to bacterial capsule glycoglycerolipids.
  • HY-114245
    Se-Methylselenocysteine

    Methylselenocysteine; Se-Methylseleno-L-cysteine

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Se-Methylselenocysteine, a precursor of Methylselenol, has potent cancer chemopreventive activity and anti-oxidant activity. Se-Methylselenocysteine is orally bioavailable, and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-41461
    5-Amino-3H-imidazole-4-Carboxamide

    5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide; AICA

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    5-Amino-3H-imidazole-4-Carboxamide (AICA) is an important precursor for the synthesis of purines in general and of the nucleobases adenine and guanine in particular.
  • HY-133068
    5-Hydroxyferulic acid

    COMT Others
    5-Hydroxyferulic acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid and is a metabolite of the phenylpropanoid pathway. 5-Hydroxyferulic acid is a precursor in the biosynthesis of sinapic acid and is also a COMT non-esterifed substrate.
  • HY-14537
    Latrepirdine dihydrochloride

    Dimebolin dihydrochloride

    Amyloid-β Histamine Receptor Adrenergic Receptor 5-HT Receptor Autophagy Neurological Disease Endocrinology
    Latrepirdine dihydrochloride is a neuroactive compound with antagonist activity at histaminergic, α-adrenergic, and serotonergic receptors. Latrepirdine stimulates amyloid precursor protein (APP) catabolism and amyloid-β () secretion.
  • HY-P2538
    Big Endothelin-1 (1-38), human

    Vasopressin Receptor Cardiovascular Disease
    Big Endothelin-1 (1-38), human is the precursor of endothelin-1. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasopressor peptide.
  • HY-103591
    DUPA(OtBu)-OH

    Others Cancer
    DUPA(OtBu)-OH is a DUPA precursor. DUPA is used as the targeting moiety to actively deliver Docetaxel (DTX) for treatment of Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA) expressing prostate cancer.
  • HY-118660
    Anhydrotetracycline hydrochloride

    Antibiotic Bacterial Infection
    Anhydrotetracycline hydrochloride, a tetracycline biosynthetic precursor, is a potent competitive broad-spectrum tetracycline destructase enzymes inhibitor. Anhydrotetracycline hydrochloride is an effector for tetracycline controlled gene expression systems in eukaryotic cells.
  • HY-118828
    12-Oxo phytodienoic acid

    12-OPDA

    Bacterial Infection
    12-Oxo phytodienoic acid is a biologically active, immediate precursor of 7-epi jasmonic acid. 12-Oxo phytodienoic acid plays an independent role in mediating resistance to pathogens and pests.
  • HY-W017378
    Trimethylhydroquinone

    Others Others
    Trimethylhydroquinone is a key intermediate for the synthesis of Vitamin E or other trimethylhydroquinone derivatives with antioxidative effects.
  • HY-113097
    3α,7α-Dihydroxycoprostanic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    3α,7α-Dihydroxycoprostanic acid is an endogenous metabolite. 3α,7α-Dihydroxycoprostanic acid, a bile acid, is the precursor to chenodeoxycholic acid.
  • HY-112514
    1,3,6,8-Tetrahydroxynaphthalene

    1,3,6,8-THN; T4HN

    Others Others
    1,3,6,8-Tetrahydroxynaphthalene (T4HN) is an indispensable precursor to DHN (1,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene) melanin and is an unique symmetrical compound of polyketide origin.
  • HY-W008661
    Deoxyguanosine triphosphate trisodium salt

    dGTP trisodium salt; 2'-Deoxyguanosine-5'-triphosphate trisodium salt

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Others
    Deoxyguanosine triphosphate (dGTP) trisodium salt is a nucleotide precursor in cells for DNA synthesis. Deoxyguanosine triphosphate trisodium salt is used in reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for DNA amplification.
  • HY-112157
    PF-06751979

    Beta-secretase Neurological Disease
    PF-06751979 is a potent, brain penetrant, β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 7.3 nM in BACE1 binding assay.
  • HY-78695
    JQ-1 (carboxylic acid)

    Epigenetic Reader Domain Cancer
    JQ-1 carboxylic acid is a (+)-JQ1 derivative (a BET bromodomain inhibitor). JQ-1 carboxylic acid can be used as a precursor to synthesize PROTACs, which targets BET bromodomains.
  • HY-113402
    Gamma-glutamylcysteine

    γ-Glutamylcysteine

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Gamma-glutamylcysteine (γ-Glutamylcysteine), a dipeptide containing cysteine and glutamic acid, is a precursor to glutathione (GSH). Gamma-glutamylcysteine is a cofactor for glutathione peroxidase (GPx) to increase GSH levels.
  • HY-141681
    THK-5475

    Neurological Disease
    THK-5475 is a precursor of THK-5470, a monoamine oxidase-B(MAO-B) imaging probe, could be used for neurological diseases study (from patent EP2019-846498).
  • HY-W013549
    6-Aminopenicillanic acid

    6-APA

    Bacterial Infection
    6-Aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA) is an important precursor for the synthesis of -lactam antibiotics. 6-Aminopenicillanic acid is the main product of Penicillin G (PenG) hydrolyzed by penicillin acylase (PA).
  • HY-Y0520
    Itaconic acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Itaconic acid, a precursor of polymers, chemicals, and fuels, can be synthesized by many fungi. Itaconic acid also is a macrophage-specific metabolite. Itaconic acid mediates crosstalk between macrophage metabolism and peritoneal tumors.
  • HY-131633A
    (+)-JQ-1-aldehyde

    Epigenetic Reader Domain Cancer
    (+)-JQ-1-aldehyde is the aldehyde form of (+)-JQ1. (+)-JQ-1-aldehyde can be uesd as a precursor to synthesize PROTACs, which targets BET bromodomains.
  • HY-12396
    Aminothiazole

    2-Aminothiazole; 2-Thiazolylamine

    Bacterial Fungal Virus Protease Infection
    Aminothiazole (2-Aminothiazole), a typical heterocyclic amine, is a precursor for the synthesis of biologically active molecules including sulfur agents, biocides, fungicides, antibiotics, dyes and chemical reaction accelerators.
  • HY-14175
    Begacestat

    GSI-953

    γ-secretase Neurological Disease
    Begacestat (GSI-953) is a selective thiophene sulfonamide inhibitor of amyloid precursor protein gamma-secretase (IC5040=15 nM) for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
  • HY-129380A
    Fructosyl-lysine dihydrochloride

    Fructoselysine dihydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Fructosyl-lysine (Fructoselysine) dihydrochloride is an amadori glycation product from the reaction of glucose and lysine by the Maillard reaction. Fructosyl-lysine dihydrochloride is the precursor to glucosepane, a lysine–arginine protein cross-link that can be an indicator in diabetes detection.
  • HY-N7080
    Dihydroferulic acid

    Hydroferulic acid

    Others Metabolic Disease
    Dihydroferulic acid (Hydroferulic acid) is one of the main metabolites of curcumin and antioxidant/radical-scavenging properties with an IC50 value of 19.5 μM. Dihydroferulic acid is a metabolite of human gut microflora as well as a precursor of vanillic acid.
  • HY-N7523
    Neoxanthin

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Apoptosis Cancer
    Neoxanthin is a major xanthophyll carotenoid and a precursor of the plant hormone abscisic acid in dark green leafy vegetables. Neoxanthin is a potent antioxidant and light-harvesting pigment. Neoxanthin induces apoptosis and has anticancer actions.
  • HY-N7404
    Nε,Nε,Nε-Trimethyllysine chloride

    Ne-(Trimethyl)-L-lysine chloride; H-Lys(Me)3-OH chloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Nε,Nε,Nε-Trimethyllysine chloride serves as a precursor for gut flora-dependent formation of N,N,N-trimethyl-5-aminovaleric acid (TMAVA).
  • HY-133100
    5-ALA benzyl ester hydrochloride

    Benzyl-ALA hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    5-ALA benzyl ester hydrochloride (Benzyl-ALA hydrochloride) is a protoporphyrin precursor used as a photodetection agent. 5-ALA benzyl ester hydrochloride induces protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) accumulation in colon carcinoma cell lines.
  • HY-B0158
    Cytidine

    Cytosine β-D-riboside; Cytosine-1-β-D-ribofuranoside

    Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    Cytidine is a pyrimidine nucleoside and acts as a component of RNA. Cytidine is a precursor of uridine. Cytidine controls neuronal-glial glutamate cycling, affecting cerebral phospholipid metabolism, catecholamine synthesis, and mitochondrial function.
  • HY-129380
    Fructosyl-lysine

    Fructoselysine

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Fructosyl-lysine (Fructoselysine) is an amadori glycation product from the reaction of glucose and lysine by the Maillard reaction. Fructosyl-lysine is the precursor to glucosepane, a lysine–arginine protein cross-link that can be an indicator in diabetes detection.
  • HY-113044
    Uridine diphosphate glucose

    Endogenous Metabolite P2Y Receptor Metabolic Disease
    Uridine diphosphate glucose is the precursor of glucose-containing oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, glycoproteins, and glycolipids in animal tissues and in some microorganisms. Uridine diphosphate glucose is an agonist of the P2Y14 receptor, a neuroimmune system GPCR 1.
  • HY-W010737
    Guanosine-5'-triphosphate disodium salt

    5'-GTP disodium salt

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Guanosine-5'-triphosphate disodium salt (5'-GTP trisodium salt) is an activator of the signal transducing G proteins and also serves as an energy-rich precursor of mononucleotide units in the enzymatic biosynthesis of DNA and RNA.
  • HY-B0430
    D-Pantothenic acid

    pantothenate; vitamin B5

    Others Others
    D-Pantothenic acid is an essential trace nutrient that functions as the obligate precursor of coenzyme A (CoA). D-Pantothenic acid plays key roles in myriad biological processes, including many that regulate carbohydrate, lipid, protein, and nucleic acid metabolism.
  • HY-Y0337
    L-Cysteine

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Cysteine is a conditionally essential amino acid, which acts as a precursor for biologically active molecules such as hydrogen sulphide (H2S), glutathione and taurine. L-Cysteine suppresses ghrelin and reduces appetite in rodents and humans.
  • HY-W016715
    L-Cysteine hydrochloride hydrate

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Cysteine hydrochloride hydrate is a conditionally essential amino acid, which acts as a precursor for biologically active molecules such as hydrogen sulphide (H2S), glutathione and taurine. L-Cysteine hydrochloride hydrate suppresses ghrelin and reduces appetite in rodents and humans.
  • HY-136405
    Melanin probe-2

    Others Others
    Melanin probe-2 (compound 5) is a non-radioactive bromopicolinamide precursor. Melanin probe-2 can be used for 18F-Labeled Picolinamide PET probe synthesis (HY-136404).
  • HY-Y0337A
    L-Cysteine hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Cysteine hydrochloride is a conditionally essential amino acid, which acts as a precursor for biologically active molecules such as hydrogen sulphide (H2S), glutathione and taurine. L-Cysteine hydrochloride suppresses ghrelin and reduces appetite in rodents and humans.
  • HY-W013636
    2-Ketoglutaric acid

    Alpha-Ketoglutaric acid

    Tyrosinase Endogenous Metabolite Others
    2-Ketoglutaric acid (Alpha-Ketoglutaric acid) is an intermediate in the production of ATP or GTP in the Krebs cycle. 2-Ketoglutaric acid also acts as the major carbon skeleton for nitrogen-assimilatory reactions. 2-Ketoglutaric acid is a reversible inhibitor of tyrosinase (IC50=15 mM).
  • HY-W013636B
    Calcium 2-oxoglutarate

    Tyrosinase Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Calcium 2-oxoglutarate is an intermediate in the production of ATP or GTP in the Krebs cycle. Calcium 2-oxoglutarate also acts as the major carbon skeleton for nitrogen-assimilatory reactions. Calcium 2-oxoglutarate is a reversible inhibitor of tyrosinase (IC50=15 mM).
  • HY-W013636A
    2-Ketoglutaric acid Sodium

    Alpha-Ketoglutaric acid Sodium

    Tyrosinase Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    2-Ketoglutaric acid Sodium (Alpha-Ketoglutaric acid Sodium) is an intermediate in the production of ATP or GTP in the Krebs cycle. 2-Ketoglutaric acid Sodium also acts as the major carbon skeleton for nitrogen-assimilatory reactions. 2-Ketoglutaric acid Sodium is a reversible inhibitor of tyrosinase (IC50=15 mM).
  • HY-16659
    EHT 1864

    Ras Neurological Disease Cancer
    EHT 1864 is an inhibitor of Rac family small GTPases. EHT 1864 directly binds and impairs the ability of this small GTPase to engage critical downstream effectors required for growth transformation. The Kd values are 40, 50, 60, and 230 nM for Rac1, Rac1b, Rac2 and Rac3, respectively. EHT 1864 also potently inhibits other Rac-dependent transformation processes, Tiam1- and Ras-mediated growth transformation. EHT 1864 prevents Aβ 40 and Aβ 42 production in vivo.
  • HY-113206
    D-Sedoheptulose 7-phosphate

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    D-Sedoheptulose 7-phosphate is a common precursor for the heptoses of septacidin (group III) and hygromycin B (group IV). D-Sedoheptulose 7-phosphate can be converted to NDP-heptoses through similar biosynthetic pathways in those compounds .
  • HY-B0430A
    D-Pantothenic acid sodium

    Sodium pantothenate; Vitamin B5 sodium

    Apoptosis Metabolic Disease
    D-Pantothenic acid sodium (Sodium pantothenate) is an essential trace nutrient that functions as the obligate precursor of coenzyme A (CoA). D-Pantothenic acid sodium plays key roles in myriad biological processes, including many that regulate carbohydrate, lipid, protein, and nucleic acid metabolism.
  • HY-Y0335
    1,3-Dihydroxyacetone

    Others Endogenous Metabolite Others
    1,3-Dihydroxyacetone (DHA), the main active ingredient in sunless tanning skin-care preparations and an important precursor for the synthesis of various fine chemicals, is produced on an industrial scale by microbial fermentation of glycerol over Gluconobacter oxydans.
  • HY-W051723
    (R)-3-Hydroxybutanoic acid

    (R)-(-)-3-Hydroxybutanoic acid; (R)-3-Hydroxybutyric acid

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    (R)-3-Hydroxybutanoic acid is a metabolite, and converted from acetoacetic acid catalyzed by 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase. (R)-3-Hydroxybutanoic acid has applications as a nutrition source and as a precursor for vitamins, antibiotics and pheromones.
  • HY-101036
    Choline bitartrate

    mAChR Neurological Disease
    Choline bitartrate is a vitamin-like essential nutrient, can affect diseases such as liver disease, atherosclerosis and neurological disorders. Choline bitartrate is a precursor for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, as a methyl donor in various metabolic processes, and in lipid metabolism.
  • HY-W008129
    H-D-cis-Hyp-OH

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    cis-4-Hydroxy-D-proline is a precursor of conformationally restricted PNA adenine monomer. cis-4-Hydroxy-D-proline can be used to study the specificity and kinetics of D-alanine dehydrogenase.
  • HY-N2581
    Phytic acid sodium salt

    myo-Inositol, hexakis(dihydrogen phosphate) sodium salt; Inositol hexaphosphate sodium salt

    Endogenous Metabolite Others
    Phytic acid sodium salt (myo-Inositol; hexakis dihydrogen phosphate; Inositol hexaphosphat) is often present in legume seeds with antinutritional effects. Phytic acid sodium salt is a [PO4] 3- storage depot and precursor for other inositol phosphates and pyrophosphates. phytic acid is hydrolyzed by phytases in a stepwise manner in the plant.
  • HY-111895B
    Macropa-NH2 TFA

    Others Others
    Macropa-NH2 TFA is the precursor of Macropa-NCS. Macropa-NCS is conjugated to trastuzumab as well as to the prostate-specific membrane antigen-targeting compound RPS-070 and is a promising therapeutic radionuclide applied in the treatment of soft-tissue metastases.
  • HY-N1255
    Scoulerine

    (-)-Scoulerine; Discretamine

    Microtubule/Tubulin Beta-secretase Apoptosis Cancer
    Scoulerine ((-)-Scoulerine), an isoquinoline alkaloid, is a potent antimitotic compound. Scoulerine is also an inhibitor of BACE1 (ß-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1). Scoulerine inhibits proliferation, arrests cell cycle, and induces apoptosis in cancer cells.
  • HY-Y0678
    1,3,5-Trimethoxybenzene

    Others Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    1,3,5-Trimethoxybenzene is a key component of the Chinese rose odor. 1,3,5-Trimethoxybenzene is synthesized in three successive methylation steps from phloroglucinol, the initial precursor. 1,3,5-Trimethoxybenzene is an effective sedative.
  • HY-N0072
    Brazilin

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Brazilin is a red dye precursor obtained from the heartwood of several species of tropical hardwoods. Brazilin inhibits the cells proliferation, promotes apoptosis, and induces autophagy through the AMPK/mTOR pathway. Brazilin shows chondroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-N7514
    Strictosidinic acid

    5-HT Receptor Neurological Disease
    Strictosidinic acid, an orally active glycoside indole monoterpene alkaloid isolated from Psychotria myriantha leaves, inhibits precursor enzymes of 5-HT biosynthesis and reduces the 5-HT levels. Strictosidinic acid has peripheral analgesic and antipyretic activities in mice.
  • HY-P2539
    Big Endothelin-1 (1-39), porcine

    Vasopressin Receptor Cardiovascular Disease
    Big Endothelin-1 (1-39), porcine is the precursor of endothelin-1. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasopressor peptide. Big Endothelin-1 (1-39), porcine has similar pressor effects in vivo.
  • HY-N6725
    Sterigmatocystine

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Sterigmatocystine is a precursor of aflatoxins and a mycotoxin produced by common mold strains from Aspergillus versicolor. Sterigmatocystine, a inhibitor of G1 Phase and DNA synthesis, is used to inhibit p21 activity. Sterigmatocystine has teratogenic, and carcinogenic effects in animals.
  • HY-U00287
    BACE-IN-1

    Beta-secretase Neurological Disease
    BACE-IN-1 (Compound 13) is a substituted lmidazo[1 ,2-a]pyridine derivative which can inhibit β-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme (BACE) and that may be useful in the treatment of diseases in which BACE is involved, such as Alzheimer's disease.
  • HY-114174
    Fmoc-Ala-Glu-Asn-Lys-NH2

    Amyloid-β Neurological Disease
    Fmoc-Ala-Glu-Asn-Lys-NH2 is a selective asparagine endopeptidase (AEP) inhibitor peptide and suppresses amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleavage. AEP, a pH-controlled cysteine proteinase, is activated during ageing and mediates APP proteolytic processing.
  • HY-122009
    Indican

    Indoxyl-β-D-glucoside

    Others Others
    Indican (Indoxyl-β-D-glucoside), a glycoside of indoxyl, is a precursor of the dyesindigo and indirubin. Indican has a major metabolite, indoxyl sulfate (IS). IS, an uremic toxin, is a substrate/inhibitor of organic anion transporter (OAT) 1, OAT 3 and multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) 4.
  • HY-115467
    MitoBloCK-10

    Others Metabolic Disease
    MitoBloCK-10 (MB-10) is the first small molecule modulator to attenuate protein-associated motor (PAM) complex activity. MitoBloCK-10 (MB-10) inhibits Tim44 (C-terminal domain) binding to the precursor and to Hsp70.
  • HY-W015851
    (R)-3-Hydroxybutanoic acid sodium

    (R)-(-)-3-Hydroxybutanoic acid sodium; (R)-3-Hydroxybutyric acid sodium

    Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    (R)-3-Hydroxybutanoic acid sodium ((R)-3-Hydroxybutyric acid) is a metabolite converted from acetoacetic acid catalyzed by 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase. (R)-3-Hydroxybutanoic acid sodium can function as a nutrition source, and as a precursor for vitamins, antibiotics and pheromones.
  • HY-107855
    DL-Mevalonolactone

    (±)-Mevalonolactone; Mevalolactone

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    DL-Mevalonolactone ((±)-Mevalonolactone;Mevalolactone) is the δ-lactone form of mevalonic acid, a precursor in the mevalonate pathway. DL-Mevalonolactone (Mevalonolactone) decreases mitochondrial membrane potential (∆Ψm), NAD(P)H content and the capacity to retain Ca 2+ in the brain, besides inducing mitochondrial swelling.
  • HY-B1125
    Glucosamine

    D-Glucosamine; Chitosamine

    Endogenous Metabolite Reactive Oxygen Species HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology
    Glucosamine (D-Glucosamine) is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids, is used as a dietary supplement. Glucosamine also is a natural constituent of glycosaminoglycans in the cartilage matrix and synovial fluid, which when administered exogenously, exerts pharmacological effects on osteoarthritic cartilage and chondrocytes.
  • HY-116016
    Etilevodopa

    L-DOPA ethyl ester; Levodopa ethyl ester

    Dopamine Receptor Drug Metabolite Neurological Disease
    Etilevodopa (L-Dopa ethyl ester), an ethyl-ester prodrug of Levodopa, is rapidly hydrolyzed to Levodopa and ethanol by nonspecific esterases in the gastrointestinal tract. Etilevodopa is used for the treatment of Parkinson disease (PD). Levodopa is the direct precursor of dopamine and is a suitable prodrug as it facilitates CNS penetration and delivers dopamine.
  • HY-N2920
    β-Amyrenonol

    11-Oxo-β-amyrin

    Cytochrome P450 Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    β-Amyrenonol (11-Oxo-β-amyrin), an oleanolic-type triterpenoid in licorice roots, is a precursor of Glycyrrhetinic acid. β-Amyrenonol has anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory activities, and β-Amyrenonol could function as the skeleton for the synthesis of many triterpenoids.
  • HY-N0733
    Glucosamine hydrochloride

    D-(+)-Glucosamine hydrochloride; Chitosamine hydrochloride

    Endogenous Metabolite Reactive Oxygen Species HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Glucosamine hydrochloride (D-Glucosamine hydrochloride) is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids, is used as a dietary supplement. Glucosamine hydrochloride also is a natural constituent of glycosaminoglycans in the cartilage matrix and synovial fluid, which when administered exogenously, exerts pharmacological effects on osteoarthritic cartilage and chondrocytes.
  • HY-116016A
    Etilevodopa hydrochloride

    L-DOPA ethyl ester hydrochloride; Levodopa ethyl ester hydrochloride

    Dopamine Receptor Drug Metabolite Neurological Disease
    Etilevodopa (L-Dopa ethyl ester) hydrochloride, an ethyl-ester prodrug of Levodopa, is rapidly hydrolyzed to Levodopa and ethanol by nonspecific esterases in the gastrointestinal tract. Etilevodopa hydrochloride is used for the treatment of Parkinson disease (PD). Levodopa is the direct precursor of dopamine and is a suitable prodrug as it facilitates CNS penetration and delivers dopamine.
  • HY-N7032
    Uridine 5′-diphosphoglucose disodium salt

    UDP-D-Glucose disodium salt

    Endogenous Metabolite P2Y Receptor Neurological Disease
    Uridine 5′-diphosphoglucose disodium salt (UDP-D-Glucose disodium salt) is the precursor of glucose-containing oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, glycoproteins, and glycolipids in animal tissues and in some microorganisms. Uridine-5′-diphosphoglucose is an agonist of the P2Y14 receptor, a neuroimmune system GPCR.
  • HY-B0955S
    Oxethazaine-d6

    HBV Neurological Disease
    Oxethazaine-d6 (Oxetacaine-d6) is the deuterium labeled Oxethazaine. Oxethazaine (Oxetacaine), a precursor of phentermine acidic, is an acid-resistent and orally active analgesic agent. Oxethazaine (Oxetacaine) has the potential for the relief of pain associated with peptic ulcer disease or esophagitis.
  • HY-128774
    AM-6494

    Beta-secretase Neurological Disease
    AM-6494 is a potent and orally active BACE1 (efficacious β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1) inhibitor (IC50=0.4 nM) with in vivo selectivity over BACE2 (IC50=18.6 nM).
  • HY-N7389B
    GDP-​α-D-​mannose disodium

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    GDP-α-D-mannose disodium is the donor substrate for mannosyltransferases and the precursor of GDP-β-L-fucose. GDP-α-D-mannose disodium gives a competitive inhibition with respect to GTP (Ki 14.7 μM) and an uncompetitive inhibition with respect to mannose-1-P (Ki 115 μM).
  • HY-111895A
    Macropa-NH2 hydrochloride

    Others Cancer
    Macropa-NH2 hydrochloride is the precursor of Macropa-NCS. Macropa-NCS is conjugated to Anti-Human HER2 (HY-P9907) as well as to the prostate-specific membrane antigen-targeting compound RPS-070 and is a promising therapeutic radionuclide applied in the treatment of soft-tissue metastases.
  • HY-135750
    VAF347

    Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    VAF347 is a cell permeable and highly affinity aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist and induces AhR signaling. VAF347 inhibits the development of CD14 +CD11b + monocytes from granulo-monocytic (GM stage) precursors. VAF347 has anti-inflammatory effects.
  • HY-15129
    O-Phospho-L-serine

    L-Serine O-phosphate; L-SOP

    mGluR Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    O-Phospho-L-serine is the immediate precursor to L-serine in the serine synthesis pathway, and an agonist at the group III mGluR receptors (mGluR4, mGluR6, mGluR7, and mGluR8); O-Phospho-L-serine also acts as a weak antagonist for mGluR1 and a potent antagonist for mGluR2.
  • HY-111379
    EHT 5372

    DYRK CDK GSK-3 Cancer Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    EHT 5372 is a highly potent and selective inhibitor of DYRK’s family kinases with IC50s of 0.22, 0.28, 10.8, 93.2, 22.8, 88.8, 59.0, 7.44, 221 nM for DYRK1A, DYRK1B , DYRK2, DYRK3, CLK1, CLK2, CLK4, GSK-3α, GSK-3β.
  • HY-119689
    Umibecestat

    CNP520

    Beta-secretase Neurological Disease
    Umibecestat (CNP520) is a beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme-1 (BACE-1) inhibitor with IC50s of 11 nM and 10 nM for human BACE-1 and mouse BACE-1, respectively. Umibecestat can be used for the research of alzheimer's disease.
  • HY-N0487
    Glucosamine sulfate

    D-Glucosamine sulfate

    Endogenous Metabolite Reactive Oxygen Species HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Glucosamine sulfate (D-Glucosamine sulfate) is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids, is used as a dietary supplement. Glucosamine sulfate also is a natural constituent of glycosaminoglycans in the cartilage matrix and synovial fluid, which when administered exogenously, exerts pharmacological effects on osteoarthritic cartilage and chondrocytes.
  • HY-130440
    Leukotriene F4

    Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology
    Leukotriene F4 (LTF4), is a lipid that belongs to the Cysteinyl Leukotriene (CysTL) family. Leukotriene F4 induces bronchoconstriction with an ED50 of 16 μg/kg. The precursor of LTF4 is Leukotriene E4 (LTE4), which isformed from the action of a glutamyl transferase.
  • HY-N6660
    Tricaprin

    Glyceryl tridecanoate

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Tricaprin (Glyceryl tridecanoate) is an orally available precursor of decanoic acid (DA) and can be hydrolyzed to DA. Tricaprin (Glyceryl tridecanoate) is a major component of medium chain triglyceride (MCT) with antiandrogen and antihyperglycemic properties.Tricaprin (Glyceryl tridecanoate) has a safe use in in foods, drugs, cosmetics as an additive.
  • HY-15106
    SB-423557

    CaSR Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    SB-423557 is an orally active calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) antagonist (IC50=520 nM), precursor of SB-423562 (IC50=73 nM). SB-423557 is well tolerated in human and increases plasma concentrations of exogenous parathyroid hormone (PTH) and stimulates bone formation.
  • HY-N0157
    Orotic acid

    6-Carboxyuracil; Vitamin B13

    Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Orotic acid (6-Carboxyuracil), a precursor in biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides and RNA, is released from the mitochondrial dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) for conversion to UMP by the cytoplasmic UMP synthase enzyme. Orotic acid is a marker for measurement in routine newborn screening for urea cycle disorders. Orotic acid can induce hepatic steatosis and hepatomegaly in rats.
  • HY-N7135
    Tropolone

    Tyrosinase Others
    Tropolone, a  tropone derivative with a hydroxyl group in the 2-position, is a precursor of manyazulene derivatives such as methyl 2-methylazulene-1-carboxylate. Tropolone is a potent inhibitor of mushroom tyrosinase with a IC50 of 0.4 μM, and the inhibition can be reversed by dialysis or by excess CU 2+.
  • HY-N0157A
    Orotic acid zinc

    Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Orotic acid (zinc), a precursor in biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides and RNA, is released from the mitochondrial dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) for conversion to UMP by the cytoplasmic UMP synthase enzyme. Orotic acid (zinc) is a marker for measurement in routine newborn screening for urea cycle disorders. Orotic acid (zinc) can induce hepatic steatosis and hepatomegaly in rats.
  • HY-N4286
    4-Methyldaphnetin

    Apoptosis Cancer
    4-Methyldaphnetin is a precursor in the synthesis of derivatives of 4-methyl coumarin. 4-Methyldaphnetin has potent, selective anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects on several cancer cell lines. 4-Methyldaphnetin possesses radical scavenging property and strongly inhibits membrane lipid peroxidation.
  • HY-W016628
    L-Gulono-1,4-lactone

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    L-Gulono-1,4-lactone is a substrate of L-gulono-1,4-lactone oxidoreductase, which catalyzes the last step of the biosynthesis of L-ascorbic (Vatamin) C. In other words, L-Gulono-1,4-lactone is a direct precursor of vitamin C in animals, in plants and in some protists.
  • HY-17552
    sn-Glycero-3-phosphocholine

    Choline Alfoscerate; Alpha-GPC; L-α-GPC

    AChE Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    sn-Glycero-3-phosphocholine (Choline Alfoscerate) is a precursor in the biosynthesis of brain phospholipids and increases the bioavailability of choline in nervous tissue. sn-Glycero-3-phosphocholine (Choline Alfoscerate) has significant effects on cognitive function with a good safety profile and tolerability, and is effective in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and dementia.
  • HY-131068
    BACE-1 inhibitor 2

    Beta-secretase Neurological Disease
    BACE-1 inhibitor 2 is a potent and CNS permeable BACE-1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.5 nM in BACE-1 enzymatic assay.
  • HY-Y0598
    trans-Chalcone

    Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Apoptosis Fungal Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    trans-Chalcone, isolated from Aronia melanocarpa skin, is a biphenolic core structure of flavonoids precursor. trans-Chalcone is a potent fatty acid synthase (FAS) and α-amylase inhibitor. trans-Chalcone causes cellcycle arrest and induces apoptosis in the breastcancer cell line MCF-7. trans-Chalcone has antifungal and anticancer activity.
  • HY-121802
    Dynarrestin

    Hedgehog Cancer
    Dynarrestin is a aminothiazole inhibitor of cytoplasmic dyneins 1 and 2. Dynarrestin rapidly and reversibly inhibits dynein 1-driven microtubule gliding in vitro plus a range of dynein 1- and 2-dependent processes in cells without affecting ATP hydrolysis and interfering with ciliogenesis. Dynarrestin suppresses hedgehog (Hh)-dependent proliferation of neuronal precursors and tumor cells.
  • HY-132392S
    L-DOPA-2,5,6-d3

    Dopamine Receptor Endogenous Metabolite Neurological Disease
    L-DOPA-2,5,6-d3 (Levodopa-2,5,6-d3) is the deuterium labeled L-DOPA. L-DOPA (Levodopa) is an orally active metabolic precursor of neurotransmitters dopamine. L-DOPA can cross the blood-brain barrier and is converted into dopamine in the brain.
  • HY-123033A
    Nicotinamide riboside chloride

    Sirtuin Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Nicotinamide riboside Chloride, an orally active NAD + precursor, increases NAD + levels and activates SIRT1 and SIRT3. Nicotinamide riboside Chloride is a source of vitamin B3 (niacin) and enhances oxidative metabolism, protection against high fat diet-induced metabolic abnormalities. Nicotinamide riboside Chloride reduces cognitive deterioration in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-130244
    BACE1-IN-5

    Beta-secretase Neurological Disease
    BACE1-IN-5 (Compound 15) is a β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 9.1 nM, and also inhibits cellular amyloid-β (Aβ) with an IC50 of 0.82 nM. BACE1-IN-5 has a medicinal chemistry that improves hERG inhibition and P-gp efflux.
  • HY-W008634
    Bropirimine

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Cancer
    Bropirimine is a synthetic agonist for toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7). Bropirimine inhibits differentiation of osteoclast precursor cells into osteoclasts via TLR7-mediated production of IFN-β. Bropirimine is an orally active immunomodulator that has demonstrated anticancer activity in transitional cell carcinoma in situ (CIS) in both the bladder and upper urinary tract.
  • HY-123033
    Nicotinamide riboside

    Sirtuin Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Nicotinamide riboside, an orally active NAD + precursor, increases NAD + levels and activates SIRT1 and SIRT3. Nicotinamide riboside is a source of vitamin B3 (niacin) and enhances oxidative metabolism, protection against high fat diet-induced metabolic abnormalities. Nicotinamide riboside reduces cognitive deterioration in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-137315
    TML-6

    Amyloid-β NF-κB mTOR Keap1-Nrf2 Neurological Disease
    TML-6, an orally active curcumin derivative, inhibits the synthesis of the β-amyloid precursor protein and β-amyloid (Aβ). TML-6 can upregulate Apo E, suppress NF-κB and mTOR, and increase the activity of the anti-oxidative Nrf2 gene. TML-6 has the potential for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) research.
  • HY-136234
    9-cis-β-Carotene

    Others Others
    9-cis-β-Carotene, a precursor of retinal, is cleaved by beta-carotene oxygenase 1 (BCMO1) to produce 9-cis-retinal. 9-cis-β-Carotene inhibits photoreceptor degeneration and restores retinal function in vivo. 9-cis-β-Carotene has the potential for the study of congenital stationary night blindness and fundus albipunctatus.
  • HY-B0215
    Acetylcysteine

    N-Acetylcysteine; N-Acetyl-L-cysteine; NAC

    Reactive Oxygen Species Endogenous Metabolite Apoptosis Ferroptosis Influenza Virus Infection Neurological Disease
    Acetylcysteine (N-Acetylcysteine) is a mucolytic agent which reduces the thickness of the mucus. Acetylcysteine is a ROS inhibitor. Acetylcysteine is a cysteine precursor, prevents hemin-induced ferroptosis by neutralizing toxic lipids generated by arachidonate-dependent activity of 5-lipoxygenases. Acetylcysteine induces cell apoptosis. Acetylcysteine also has anti-influenza virus activities.
  • HY-126047B
    (R)-(+)-Anatabine

    NF-κB Amyloid-β nAChR Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    (R)-(+)-Anatabine is an less active R-enantiomer of Anatabine. Anatabine is a potent α4β2 nAChR agonist. Anatabine inhibits NF-κB activation lower amyloid-β (Aβ) production by preventing the β-cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP). Anatabine has anti-inflammatory effects and has the potential for neurodegenerative disorders treatment.
  • HY-109052
    Atabecestat

    JNJ-54861911

    Beta-secretase Neurological Disease
    Atabecestat (JNJ-54861911) is a potent brain-penetrant and orally active β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) inhibitor, achieves robust and high CSF Aβ reduction. Atabecestat (JNJ-54861911) is tolerated and displays a sustained pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) characteristics. Atabecestat (JNJ-54861911) has the potential for Alzheimer's Disease treatment.
  • HY-135749
    BN201

    Others Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    BN201 promotes neuronal differentiation, the differentiation of precursor cells to mature oligodendrocytes (EC50 of 6.3 μM) in vitro, and the myelination of new axons (EC50 of 16.6 μM). BN201 is able to cross the blood-brain barrier by active transport and activate pathways (IGF-1 pathway) associated with the response to stress and neuron survival. BN201 has potently neuroprotective effects.
  • HY-B1716
    L-5-Hydroxytryptophan

    L-5-HTP; Oxitriptan

    Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    L-5-Hydroxytryptophan (L-5-HTP), a naturally occurring amino acid and a dietary supplement for use as an antidepressant, appetite suppressant, and sleep aid, is the immediate precursor of the neurotransmitter serotonin and a reserpine antagonist. L-5-Hydroxytryptophan (L-5-HTP) is used to treat fibromyalgia, myoclonus, migraine, and cerebellar ataxia.
  • HY-123033B
    Nicotinamide riboside tartrate

    Sirtuin Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Nicotinamide riboside tartrate, an orally active NAD + precursor, increases NAD + levels and activates SIRT1 and SIRT3. Nicotinamide riboside tartrate is a source of vitamin B3 (niacin) and enhances oxidative metabolism, protection against high fat diet-induced metabolic abnormalities. Nicotinamide riboside tartrate reduces cognitive deterioration in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-123033C
    Nicotinamide riboside malate

    Sirtuin Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Nicotinamide riboside malate, an orally active NAD + precursor, increases NAD + levels and activates SIRT1 and SIRT3. Nicotinamide riboside malate is a source of vitamin B3 (niacin) and enhances oxidative metabolism, protection against high fat diet-induced metabolic abnormalities. Nicotinamide riboside malate reduces cognitive deterioration in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-19918A
    Anatabine dicitrate

    NF-κB Amyloid-β nAChR Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Anatabine dicitrate is a tobacco alkaloid that can cross the blood-brain barrier. Anatabine dicitrate is a potent α4β2 nAChR agonist. Anatabine dicitrate inhibits NF-κB activation lower amyloid-β (Aβ) production by preventing the β-cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP). Anatabine dicitrate has anti-inflammatory effects and has the potential for neurodegenerative disorders treatment.
  • HY-13463
    Avatrombopag

    AKR-501; E5501; YM477

    Thrombopoietin Receptor Inflammation/Immunology
    Avatrombopag (AKR-501) is an orally active, nonpeptide thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist (EC50=3.3 nM). Avatrombopag mimics the biological activities of TPO. Avatrombopag increases platelet production by activating the intracellular signaling system, and promotes production of platelets and megakaryocytes from hemopoietic precursor cells. Avatrombopag is a substrate of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 and CYP3A.
  • HY-131296
    5-A-RU-PABC-Val-Cit-Fmoc

    Others Inflammation/Immunology
    5-A-RU-PABC-Val-Cit-Fmoc is the prodrug of 5-A-RU. 5-A-RU, a precursor of bacterial Riboflavin, is a mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells activator. 5-A-RU forms potent MAIT-activating antigens via non-enzymatic reactions with small molecules, such as glyoxal and methylglyoxal, which are derived from other metabolic pathways.
  • HY-13463B
    Avatrombopag hydrochloride

    AKR-501 hydrochloride; E5501 hydrochloride; YM477 hydrochloride

    Thrombopoietin Receptor Cardiovascular Disease
    Avatrombopag (AKR-501) hydrochloride is an orally active, nonpeptide thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist (EC50=3.3 nM). Avatrombopag hydrochloride mimics the biological activities of TPO. Avatrombopag hydrochloride increases platelet production by activating the intracellular signaling system, and promotes production of platelets and megakaryocytes from hemopoietic precursor cells. Avatrombopag hydrochloride is a substrate of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 and CYP3A.
  • HY-N0411
    β-Carotene

    Provitamin A; beta-Carotene

    Endogenous Metabolite ROS Apoptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    β-Carotene (Provitamin A), a carotenoid compound, is a naturally-occurring vitamin A precursor. β-Carotene is a modulator of reactive oxygen species (ROS), with antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities. β-Carotene may serve as an antioxidant or as a prooxidant, depending on its intrinsic properties as well as on the redox potential of the biological environment in which it acts. β-Carotene induces breast cancer cells apoptosis, with anticancer activities.
  • HY-130426
    Maleimido-tri(ethylene glycol)-propionic acid

    Mal-PEG3-acid

    ADC Linkers PROTAC Linkers Cancer
    Maleimido-tri(ethylene glycol)-propionic acid is a cleavable ADC linker used in the synthesis of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs). Maleimido-tri(ethylene glycol)-propionic acid is used for the preparation of neolymphostin-based ADC precursors for site-specific cysteine mutant trastuzumab-A114C conjugation. Maleimido-tri(ethylene glycol)-propionic acid also can be used as a PEG-based PROTAC linker that can be used in the synthesis of PROTACs.
  • HY-112234
    L-Sepiapterin

    Sepiapterin

    Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    L-Sepiapterin (Sepiapterin) is a precursor of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4). L-Sepiapterin improves endothelial dysfunction in small mesenteric arteries from db/db mice, and induces angiogenesis. L-Sepiapterin inhibits cell proliferation and migration of ovarian cancer cells via down-regulation of p70 S6K-dependent VEGFR-2 expression.
  • HY-P1829
    Angiotensin I/II (1-6)

    Angiotensin Receptor Cardiovascular Disease
    Angiotensin I/II 1-6 contains the amino acids 1-6 and is converted from Angiotensin I/II peptide. The precursor angiotensinogen is cleaved by renin to form angiotensin I. Angiotensin I ishydrolyzed by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) to form the biologically active angiotensin II. Angiotensin II has been investigated for the treatment, basic science, and diagnostic of Hypertension, Renin Angiotensin System, and Idiopathic Membranous Nephropathy.
  • HY-17624
    Framycetin

    Neomycin B; Fradiomycin B

    Antibiotic Bacterial Infection
    Framycetin (Neomycin B), an aminoglycoside antibiotic, is a potent RNase P cleavage activity inhibitor with a Ki of 35 μM. Framycetin competes for specific divalent metal ion binding sites in RNase P RNA. Framycetin inhibits hammerhead ribozyme with a Ki of 13.5 μM. Framycetin, a 5″-azido neomycin B precursor, binds the Drosha site in miR-525 and is used for hepatic encephalopathy and enteropathogenic E. coli infections.
  • HY-13240
    LY2886721

    Beta-secretase Neurological Disease
    LY2886721 is a potent, selective and orally active beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 20.3 nM for recombinant human BACE1. LY2886721 is selectivity against cathepsin D, pepsin, and renin, but lacking selectivity against BACE2 (IC50 of 10.2 nM). LY2886721 can across blood-brain barrier and has the potential for Alzheimer's disease treatment.
  • HY-17624A
    Framycetin sulfate

    Neomycin B sulfate; Fradiomycin B sulfate

    Antibiotic Bacterial Infection
    Framycetin sulfate (Neomycin B sulfate), an aminoglycoside antibiotic, is a potent RNase P cleavage activity inhibitor with a Ki of 35 μM. Framycetin sulfate competes for specific divalent metal ion binding sites in RNase P RNA. Framycetin sulfate inhibits hammerhead ribozyme with a Ki of 13.5 μM. Framycetin sulfate, a 5″-azido neomycin B precursor, binds the Drosha site in miR-525 and is used for hepatic encephalopathy and enteropathogenic E. coli infections.
  • HY-P1829A
    Angiotensin I/II (1-6) (TFA)

    Angiotensin Receptor Cardiovascular Disease
    Angiotensin I/II (1-6) TFA contains the amino acids 1-6 and is converted from Angiotensin I/II peptide. The precursor angiotensinogen is cleaved by renin to form angiotensin I. Angiotensin I ishydrolyzed by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) to form the biologically active angiotensin II. Angiotensin II has been investigated for the treatment, basic science, and diagnostic of Hypertension, Renin Angiotensin System, and Idiopathic Membranous Nephropathy.
  • HY-15843
    MIR96-IN-1

    MicroRNA Apoptosis Cancer
    MIR96-IN-1 targets the Drosha site in the miR-96 (miRNA-96, microRNA-96) hairpin precursor, inhibiting its biogenesis, derepressing downstream targets, and triggering apoptosis in breast cancer cells. MIR96-IN-1 binds to RNAs with Kds of 1.3, 9.4, 3.4, 1.3 and 7.4 μM for RNA1, RNA2, RNA3, RNA4 and RNA5, respectively.
  • HY-128850
    N-Acetyl-D-mannosamine

    N-Acetylmannosamine; ManNAc

    Bacterial Neurological Disease
    N-Acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc) is an essential precursor of N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc), the specific monomer of bacterial capsular polysialic acid (PA). N-Acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc) can be metabolized by GNE and GlcNAc 2-epimerase (Renin binding protein, RnBP), into ManNAc-6-phosphate and GlcNAc, respectively.  N-Acetyl-d-mannosamine (ManNAc) and its derivatives activates hypocretin (HCRT) gene expression in the orexin neurons, providing a potential model for the testing of a therapy for neural disorders.
  • HY-14442
    ML 10302 hydrochloride

    5-HT Receptor Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    ML 10302 hydrochloride is a potent and selective 5-HT4 receptor agonist, with an EC50 of 4 nM. ML 10302 hydrochloride displays more than 680-fold selectivity over 5-HT3 receptor in binding assay.
  • HY-B0151
    Pregnenolone

    3β-Hydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one

    Cannabinoid Receptor TRP Channel Endogenous Metabolite Autophagy Neurological Disease
    Pregnenolone (3β-Hydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one) is a powerful neurosteroid, the main precursor of various steroid hormones including steroid ketones. Pregnenolone acts as a signaling-specific inhibitor of cannabinoid CB1 receptor, inhibits the effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that are mediated by the CB1 receptors. Pregnenolone can protect the brain from cannabis intoxication. Pregnenolone is also a TRPM3 channel activator, and also can weakly activate TRPM1 channels.
  • HY-B1739
    Pregnenolone monosulfate

    3β-Hydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one monosulfate

    Cannabinoid Receptor TRP Channel Endogenous Metabolite Autophagy Neurological Disease
    Pregnenolone monosulfate (3β-Hydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one monosulfate) is a powerful neurosteroid, the main precursor of various steroid hormones including steroid ketones. Pregnenolone monosulfate acts as a signaling-specific inhibitor of cannabinoid CB1 receptor, inhibits the effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that are mediated by the CB1 receptors. Pregnenolone monosulfate can protect the brain from cannabis intoxication. Pregnenolone monosulfate is also a TRPM3 channel activator, and also can weakly activate TRPM1 channels.
  • HY-N0411S
    β-Carotene-d10

    Endogenous Metabolite ROS Apoptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    β-Carotene-d10 (Provitamin A-d1) is the deuterium labeled β-Carotene. β-Carotene (Provitamin A), a carotenoid compound, is a naturally-occurring vitamin A precursor. β-Carotene is a modulator of reactive oxygen species (ROS), with antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities. β-Carotene may serve as an antioxidant or as a prooxidant, depending on its intrinsic properties as well as on the redox potential of the biological environment in which it acts. β-Carotene induces breast cancer cells apoptosis, with anticancer activities.
  • HY-110189
    Pregnenolone monosulfate sodium salt

    3β-Hydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one monosulfate sodium salt

    Cannabinoid Receptor TRP Channel Endogenous Metabolite Autophagy Neurological Disease
    Pregnenolone monosulfate sodium salt (3β-Hydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one monosulfate sodium salt) is a powerful neurosteroid, the main precursor of various steroid hormones including steroid ketones. Pregnenolone monosulfate sodium salt acts as a signaling-specific inhibitor of cannabinoid CB1 receptor, inhibits the effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that are mediated by the CB1 receptors. Pregnenolone monosulfate sodium salt can protect the brain from cannabis intoxication. Pregnenolone monosulfate sodium salt is also a TRPM3 channel activator, and also can weakly activate TRPM1 channels.
  • HY-124322
    NB-360

    Beta-secretase Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    NB-360 is a potent, brain penetrable, and orally bioavailable dual BACE1/BACE2 inhibitor (IC50: mouse and human BACE1=5 nM; BACE2=6 nM). NB-360 shows a superior pharmacological profile and robust reduction of amyloid-β and neuroinflammation in amyloid precursor protein(APP) transgenic mice. NB-360 can completely block the progression of Aβ deposition in the brains of APP transgenic mice. NB-360 shows excellent selectivity over the related aspartyl proteases pepsin, cathepsin D and cathepsin E.
  • HY-19369
    L-685458

    L-685,458

    γ-secretase Apoptosis Neurological Disease Cancer
    L-685458 is a potent transition state analog (TSA) γ-secretase inhibitor (GSI). L-685458 inhibits amyloid β-protein precursor γ-secretase activity with IC50 of 17 nM, shows greater than 50-100-fold selectivity over other aspartyl proteases tested. L685458 inhibits γ-secretase-mediated cleavage of APP-C99 and Notch-100 with IC50s of 301.3 nM and 351.3 nM, respectively. L-685458 can be used for the research of alzheimer’s disease (AD) and cancers.