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  3. Vari Fluor 405 SE

Vari Fluor 405 SE  (Synonyms: VF 405 SE)

Cat. No.: HY-D1794 Purity: ≥91.0%
COA Handling Instructions

Vari Fluor 405 SE (VF 405 SE) is a dye marker of the Vari Fluor SE series (Ex/Em=399 nm/421 nm). The Vari Fluor SE series of dyes are a class of fluorescent dyes containing NHS ester groups used to label free amines (-NHX) on antibodies, proteins, peptides, amine-modified oligonucleotides and other biomolecules.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Vari Fluor 405 SE

Vari Fluor 405 SE Chemical Structure

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1 mg USD 450 In-stock
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Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Vari Fluor 405 SE (VF 405 SE) is a dye marker of the Vari Fluor SE series (Ex/Em=399 nm/421 nm). The Vari Fluor SE series of dyes are a class of fluorescent dyes containing NHS ester groups used to label free amines (-NHX) on antibodies, proteins, peptides, amine-modified oligonucleotides and other biomolecules.

In Vitro

Protocol

1.Protein Preparetion
1) In order to obtain the best labeling effect, please prepare the protein (antibody) concentration as 2mg/mL.
2) The pH value of protein solution shall be 8.5±0.5. If the pH is lower than 8.0, 1 M sodium bicarbonate shall be used for adjustment.
3) If the protein concentration is lower than 2 mg/mL, the labeling efficiency will be greatly reduced. In order to obtain the best labeling efficiency, it is recommended that the final protein concentration range is 2-10 mg/mL.
4) The protein must be in the buffer without primary amine (such as Tris or glycine) and ammonium ion, otherwise the labeling efficiency will be affected.
2.Dye Preparation(Example for VF 488 SE)
Add anhydrous DMSO into the vial of VF 488 SE to make a 10 mg/mL stock solution. Mix well by pipetting or vortex.
3.Calculation of dye dosage
The amount of VF 488 SE required for reaction depends on the amount of protein to be labeled, and the optimal molar ratio of VF 488 SE to protein is about 10.
Example: assuming the required marker protein is 500 μL 2 mg/mL IgG (MW=150,000), use 100 μL DMSO dissolve 1 mg VF 488 SE, the required VF 488 SE volume is 5.05 μL, and the detailed calculation process is as follows:
1) mmol (IgG) = mg/mL (IgG)×mL (IgG) / MW (IgG) =2 mg/mL × 0.5 mL / 150,000 mg/mmol= 6.7×10-6 mmol
2) mmol (VF 488 SE) = mmol (IgG)× 10 = 6.7×10-6 mmol×10 = 6.7 × 10-5 mmol
3) μL (VF 488 SE) = mmol (VF 488 SE)×MW (VF 488 SE) / mg/μL (VF 488 SE) = 6.7 ×10-5 mmol ×834 mg/mmol / 0.01 mg/μL = 5.6 μL (VF 488 SE)
4.Run conjugation reaction
1) A good volume of freshly prepared 10 mg/mL VF 488 SE is slowly added to 0.5 mL protein sample.
In solution, gently shake to mix, then centrifuge briefly to collect the sample at the bottom of the reaction tube. Don't mix well to prevent protein samples from denaturation and inactivation.
2) The reaction tubules were placed in a dark place and incubated gently at room temperature for 60 minutes at intervals.For 10-15 minutes, gently reverse the reaction tubules several times to fully mix the two reactants and raise the bar efficiency.
5.Purify the conjugation
The following protocol is an example of dye-protein conjugate purification by using a Sephadex G-25 column.
1)Prepare Sephadex G-25 column according to the manufacture instruction.
2)Load the reaction mixture (From "Run conjugation reaction") to the top of the Sephadex G-25 column.
3)Add PBS (pH 7.2-7.4) as soon as the sample runs just below the top resin surface.
4)Add more PBS (pH 7.2-7.4) to the desired sample to complete the column purification. Combine the fractions that contain the desired dye-protein conjugate.

Note
1.CY dyes is sensitive to light and humidity. Immediately add CY dyesr solution and discard the unused part.
2.Low concentrations of sodium azide (≤3 mM or 0.02%) or thiomersal (≤0.02 mM or 0.01%) did not significantly interfere with protein labeling; However, 20-50% glycerol will reduce labeling efficiency.
3.Avoid buffering with primary amines (e.g., Tris, glycine) or ammonium ions,It compete with labeled proteins.
4.This product is only for scientific research by professionals, and shall not be used in clinical diagnosis or treatment, food or medicine.
5.For your safety and health, please wear lab coat and disposable gloves.

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Appearance

Solid

Color

Off-white to light yellow

SMILES

[Vari Fluor 405 SE]

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

-20°C, sealed storage, away from moisture and light

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (sealed storage, away from moisture and light)

Purity & Documentation

Purity: ≥91.0%

References
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Vari Fluor 405 SE Related Classifications

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

The molarity calculator equation

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass   Concentration   Volume   Molecular Weight *
= × ×

The dilution calculator equation

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)
× = ×
C1   V1   C2   V2
Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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Vari Fluor 405 SE
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