1. Stem Cell/Wnt
    Autophagy
  2. Smo
    Autophagy

Purmorphamine 

Cat. No.: HY-15108 Purity: 98.47%
Data Sheet SDS Handling Instructions

Purmorphamine is an activator of Smoothened, and blocks BODIPY-cyclopamine binding to Smo with IC50 of appr 1.5 μM and also is an inducer of osteoblast differentiation with EC50 of 1 μM.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.
Purmorphamine Chemical Structure

Purmorphamine Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 483367-10-8

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Free Sample (0.5-1 mg)   Apply now  
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO $113 In-stock
5 mg $99 In-stock
10 mg $162 In-stock
50 mg $625 In-stock
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  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Technical Information

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

Description

Purmorphamine is an activator of Smoothened, and blocks BODIPY-cyclopamine binding to Smo with IC50 of appr 1.5 μM and also is an inducer of osteoblast differentiation with EC50 of 1 μM.

IC50 & Target

IC50: 1.5 μM (Smoothened)

In Vitro

Purmorphamine (10, 20 μM) in combination with sirolimus significantly decreases cell numbers according to the MTT assay. Purmorphamine induces up-regulation of alkaline phosphatase activity and expression of RUNX-2 at day 14. Up-regulation of osteocalcin is detected at the 3 and 5 μM doses of purmorphamine on day 14 post-induction. Matrix mineralization remains unchanged in the presence or absence of purmorphamine[1]. Purmorphamine induces STAT3 phosphorylation in mouse ES cell line ES14 and mesenchymal stem cell line C3H10T1/2[2]. Purmorphamine up-regulates the expressionof markers of the osteoblast phenotype-ALP activity and bone-like nodule formationd-in human bonemarrow mesenchymal cells[3].

References
Preparing Stock Solutions
Concentration Volume (DMSO) Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.9208 mL 9.6039 mL 19.2079 mL
5 mM 0.3842 mL 1.9208 mL 3.8416 mL
10 mM 0.1921 mL 0.9604 mL 1.9208 mL
Cell Assay
[1]

To determine non-toxic doses of the small molecules, 5×105 passaged-3 human MSCs are seeded in each well of a six-well culture plate and incubated in expansion medium (as mentioned above) at 37°Cand 5% CO2. Two days later, the medium is exchanged with osteogenic medium (OM) that consisted of α-MEM supplemented with 10% FBS, 10 nM dexamethasone, 50 μg/mL ascorbic acid 2-phosphate, and 10 mM beta-glycerol phosphate. This OM is supplemented with different concentrations of purmorphamine (1, 3, 5, 10, and 20 μM) and sirolimus (0.1, 1, 10, 100, and 200 nM). The cultures are maintained for an additional two days and then assessed for the presence of viable cells with the MTT assay, by the addition of MTT solution (5 mg/mL in PBS) to the medium at a ratio of 1:5. Cells are then incubated at 37°C and 5% CO2. Two hours later, the medium is removed and 500 μL of DMSO is added to the treated cells in order to dissolve the formazone precipitate. The optical absorption rate is read at 570 nm. Cell viability is calculated as percent value relative to the control group which is only treated with OM. MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

520.62

Formula

C₃₁H₃₂N₆O₂

CAS No.

483367-10-8

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Solvent & Solubility

10 mM in DMSO

* "<1 mg/mL" means slightly soluble or insoluble. "≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

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Product Name:
Purmorphamine
Cat. No.:
HY-15108
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