|References on BMS-754807:
1 . Dinchuk JE, Cao C, Huang F, Reeves KA, Wang J, Myers F, Cantor GH, Zhou X, Attar RM, Gottardis M, Carboni JM. Insulin receptor (IR) pathway hyperactivity in IGF-IR null cells and suppression of downstream growth signaling using the dual IGF-IR/IR inhibitor, BMS-754807. Endocrinology. 2010 Sep;151(9):4123-32.
The biology of IGF-IR/IR signaling was studied in normal mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) that were either wild type (wt), heterozygous (het), or null for the IGF-IR. The ability of IGF-I, IGF-II, or insulin to stimulate serum-starved MEFs was characterized by gene expression profiling and biochemical analyses for activation of downstream signals. Each genotypic group of MEFs exhibited distinct patterns of expression both while resting and in response to stimulation. The insulin receptor (IR) pathway in IGF-IR null MEFs was hypersensitive to insulin ligand stimulation resulting in greater AKT phosphorylation than in wt or het MEFs stimulated with the same ligand. Interestingly, the IR pathway hypersensitivity in IGF-IR null MEFs occurred with no observed changes in the levels of IR isoforms A or B. A new small molecule IGF-IR inhibitor (BMS-754807), having equipotent activity against both IGF-IR and IR, proved effective in suppressing both AKT and ERK phosphorylation from both the IGF-IR and IR pathways by all three ligands tested in wt, het, and null MEFs. The use of a dual IGF-IR/IR inhibitor addresses concerns about the use of growth inhibiting therapies directed against the IGF-IR receptor in certain cancers. Lastly, comparison of the antiproliferative effects (IC(50)s) of various compounds in wt vs. null MEFs demonstrates that genetically characterized MEFs provide a simple and inexpensive tool with which to define compounds as having mostly on-target or off-target IGF-IR activities because off-target compounds affect both wt and null MEFs equally.
2 . Huang F, Hurlburt W, Greer A, Reeves KA, Hillerman S, Chang H, Fargnoli J, Graf Finckenstein F, Gottardis MM, Carboni JM. Differential mechanisms of acquired resistance to insulin-like growth factor-i receptor antibody therapy or to a small-molecule inhibitor, BMS-754807, in a human rhabdomyosarcoma model. Cancer Res. 2010 Sep 15;70(18):7221-31.
Agents targeting insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR), including antibodies and small-molecule inhibitors, are currently in clinical development for the treatment of cancers including sarcoma. However, development of resistance is a common phenomenon resulting in failures of anticancer therapies. In light of this problem, we developed two resistant models from the rhabdomyosarcoma cell line Rh41: Rh41-807R, with acquired resistance to BMS-754807, a small-molecule dual-kinase inhibitor targeting IGF-IR and insulin receptor (IR), and Rh41-MAB391R, with resistance to MAB391, an IGF-IR-blocking antibody. In addition, tumor xenograft models were established from Rh41 and Rh41-807R cell lines. Gene expression and DNA copy number analyses of these models revealed shared as well as unique acquired resistance mechanisms for the two types of IGF-IR inhibitors. Each resistant model used different signaling pathways as a mechanism for proliferation. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα) was amplified, overexpressed, and constitutively activated in Rh41-807R cells and tumors. Knockdown of PDGFRα by small interfering RNA in Rh41-807R resensitized the cells to BMS-754807. Synergistic activities were observed when BMS-754807 was combined with PDGFRα inhibitors in the Rh41-807R model in vitro. In contrast, AXL expression was highly elevated in Rh41-MAB391R but downregulated in Rh41-807R. Notably, BMS-754807 was active in Rh41-MAB391R cells and able to overcome resistance to MAB391, but MAB391 was not active in Rh41-807R cells, suggesting potentially broader clinical activity of BMS-754807. This is the first study to define and compare acquired resistance mechanisms for IGF-IR-targeted therapies. It provides insights into the differential acquired resistance mechanisms for IGF-IR/IR small-molecule inhibitor versus anti-IGF-IR antibody.
3 . Kolb EA, Gorlick R, Lock R, Carol H, Morton CL, Keir ST, Reynolds CP, Kang MH, Maris JM, Billups C, Smith MA, Houghton PJ. Initial testing (stage 1) of the IGF-1 receptor inhibitor BMS-754807 by the pediatric preclinical testing program. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2011 Apr;56(4):595-603. doi: 10.1002/pbc.22741.
BACKGROUND: BMS-754807 is a small molecule ATP-competitive inhibitor of the type-1 insulin-like growth factor receptor currently in phase 1 clinical trials.PROCEDURES: BMS-754807 was tested against the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program (PPTP) in vitro panel at concentrations ranging from 1.0 nM to 10 μM and was tested against the PPTP in vivo panels at a dose of 25 mg/kg administered orally BID for 6 days, repeated for 6 weeks.RESULTS: In vitro BMS-754807 showed a median EC(50) value of 0.62 μM against the PPTP cell lines. The median EC(50) for the four Ewing sarcoma cell lines was less than that for the remaining PPTP cell lines (0.19 μM vs. 0.78 μM, P = 0.0470). In vivo BMS-754807 induced significant differences in EFS distribution compared to controls in 18 of 32 evaluable solid tumor xenografts (56%) tested, but in none of the ALL xenografts studied. Criteria for intermediate activity for the time to event activity measure (EFS T/C > 2) were met in 7 of 27 solid tumor xenografts evaluable for this measure. The best response was PD2 (progressive disease with growth delay), which was observed in 18 of 32 solid tumor xenografts. PD2 responses were most commonly observed in the rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and Wilms tumor panels.CONCLUSIONS: BMS-754807 activity in vitro is consistent with a specific IGF-1R effect that has half-maximal response in the 0.1 μM range and that is observed in a minority of the PPTP cell lines. In vivo intermediate activity was most commonly observed in the neuroblastoma and rhabdomyosarcoma panels.
4 . Hou X, Huang F, Macedo LF, Harrington SC, Reeves KA, Greer A, Finckenstein FG, Brodie A, Gottardis MM, Carboni JM, Haluska P. Dual IGF-1R/InsR inhibitor BMS-754807 synergizes with hormonal agents in treatment of estrogen-dependent breast cancer. Cancer Res. 2011 Dec 15;71(24):7597-607.
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling has been implicated in the resistance to hormonal therapy in breast cancer. Using a model of postmenopausal, estrogen-dependent breast cancer, we investigated the antitumor effects of the dual IGF-1R/InsR tyrosine kinase inhibitor BMS-754807 alone and in combination with letrozole or tamoxifen. BMS-754807 exhibited antiproliferative effects in vitro that synergized strongly in combination with letrozole or 4-hydroxytamoxifen and fulvestrant. Similarly, combined treatment of BMS-754807 with either tamoxifen or letrozole in vivo elicited tumor regressions not achieved by single-agent therapy. Notably, hormonal therapy enhanced the inhibition of IGF-1R/InsR without major side effects in animals. Microarray expression analysis revealed downregulation of cell-cycle control and survival pathways and upregulation of erbB in response to BMS-754807 plus hormonal therapy, particularly tamoxifen. Overall, these results offer a preclinical proof-of-concept for BMS-754807 as an antitumor agent in combination with hormonal therapies in hormone-sensitive breast cancer. Cooperative cell-cycle arrest, decreased proliferation, and enhanced promotion of apoptosis may contribute to antitumor effects to be gauged in future clinical investigations justified by our findings.
5 . Differential Mechanisms of Acquired Resistance to Insulin-like Growth Factor-I Receptor Antibody Therapy or to a Small-Molecule Inhibitor, BMS-754807, in a Human Rhabdomyosarcoma Model By Huang, Fei; Hurlburt, Warren; Greer, Ann; Reeves, Karen A.; Hillerman, Stephen; Chang, Han; Fargnoli, Joseph; Graf Finckenstein, Friedrich; Gottardis, Marco M.; Carboni, Joan M.From Cancer Research (2010), 70(18), 7221-7231.
Agents targeting insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR), including antibodies and small-molecule inhibitors, are currently in clinical development for the treatment of cancers including sarcoma. However, development of resistance is a common phenomenon resulting in failures of anticancer therapies. In light of this problem, we developed two resistant models from the rhabdomyosarcoma cell line Rh41: Rh41-807R, with acquired resistance to BMS-754807, a small-molecule dual-kinase inhibitor targeting IGF-IR and insulin receptor (IR), and Rh41-MAB391R, with resistance to MAB391, an IGF-IR-blocking antibody. In addition, tumor xenograft models were established from Rh41 and Rh41-807R cell ...