1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
    Epigenetics
    Autophagy
  2. HDAC
    Autophagy

Tubastatin-A 

Cat. No.: HY-13271A Purity: 99.05%
Data Sheet SDS Handling Instructions

Tubastatin A is a potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 15 nM in a cell-free assay, and is selective (1000-fold more) against all other isozymes except HDAC8 (57-fold more).

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.
Tubastatin-A Chemical Structure

Tubastatin-A Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 1252003-15-8

Size Price Stock Quantity
Free Sample (0.5-1 mg)   Apply now  
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO $66 In-stock
10 mg $60 In-stock
50 mg $90 In-stock
100 mg $150 In-stock
200 mg $250 In-stock
500 mg   Get quote  
1 g   Get quote  

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Customer Review

Other Forms of Tubastatin-A:

    Tubastatin-A purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: University of Toronto. Nov-2017.

    Tubastatin A induces a dose-dependent increase in acetylated α-tubulin levels in NRK-52E cells.
    • Biological Activity

    • Protocol

    • Technical Information

    • Purity & Documentation

    • References

    Description

    Tubastatin A is a potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 15 nM in a cell-free assay, and is selective (1000-fold more) against all other isozymes except HDAC8 (57-fold more).

    IC50 & Target

    IC50: 15 nM (HDAC6)

    In Vitro

    Tubastatin A is substantially selective for all 11 HDAC isoforms and maintains over 1000-fold selectivity against all isoforms excluding HDAC8, where it has approximately 57-fold selectivity. In homocysteic acid (HCA) induced neurodegeneration assays, Tubastatin A displays dose-dependent protection against HCA-induced neuronal cell death starting at 5 μM with near complete protection at 10 μM[1]. At 100 ng/mL Tubastatin A increases Foxp3+ T-regulatory cells (Tregs) suppression of T cell proliferation in vitro[2]. Tubastatin A treatment in CC12 cells would lead to myotube formation impairment when alpha-tubulin is hyperacetylated early in the myogenic process; however, myotube elongation occurs when alpha-tubulin is hyeperacetylated in myotubes[3]. A recent study indicates that Tubastatin A treatment increases cell elasticity as revealed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) tests without exerting drastic changes to the actin microfilament or microtubule networks in mouse ovarian cancer cell lines, MOSE-E and MOSE-L[4]

    In Vivo

    Daily treatment of Tubastatin A at 0.5 mg/kg inhibits HDAC6 to promote Tregs suppressive activity in mouse models of inflammation and autoimmunity, including multiple forms of experimental colitis and fully major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-incompatible cardiac allograft rejection[2].

    References
    Preparing Stock Solutions
    Concentration Volume Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 2.9815 mL 14.9076 mL 29.8151 mL
    5 mM 0.5963 mL 2.9815 mL 5.9630 mL
    10 mM 0.2982 mL 1.4908 mL 2.9815 mL
    Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
    Kinase Assay
    [1]

    Enzyme inhibition assays are performed using the Reaction Biology HDAC Spectrum platform. The HDAC1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11 assays use isolated recombinant human protein; HDAC3/NcoR2 complex is used for the HDAC3 assay. Substrate for HDAC1, 2, 3, 6, 10, and 11 assays is a fluorogenic peptide from p53 residues 379-382 (RHKKAc); substrate for HDAC8 is fluorogenic diacyl peptide based on residues 379-382 of p53 (RHKAcKAc). Acetyl-Lys (trifluoroacetyl)-AMC substrate is used for HDAC4, 5, 7, and 9 assays. Tubastatin A is dissolved in DMSO and tested in 10-dose IC50 mode with 3-fold serial dilution starting at 30 μM. Control Compound Trichostatin A (TSA) is tested in a 10-dose IC50 with 3-fold serial dilution starting at 5 μM. IC50 values are extracted by curve-fitting the dose/response slopes. MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Cell Assay
    [1]

    Tubastatin A is dissolved in DMSO and diluted in culture medium. 

    Primary cortical neuron cultures are obtained from the cerebral cortex of fetal Sprague-Dawley rats (embryonic day 17) as described previously. All experiments are initiated 24 hours after plating. Under these conditions, the cells are not susceptible to glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity. For cytotoxicity studies, cells are rinsed with warm PBS and then placed in minimum essential medium containing 5.5 g/L glucose, 10% fetal calf serum, 2 mM L-glutamine, and 100 μM cystine. Oxidative stress is induced by the addition of the glutamate analogue homocysteate (HCA; 5 mM) to the media. HCA is diluted from 100-fold concentrated solutions that are adjusted to pH 7.5. In combination with HCA, neurons are treated with Tubastatin A at the indicated concentrations. Viability is assessed after 24 hours by MTT assay (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) method. MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration
    [2]

    Tubastatin A is dissolved in DMSO.

    The effects of HDAC6 targeting in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) and adoptive transfer models of colitis are evaluated, using 10 mice per group. Freshly prepared 4% (wt/vol) DSS (MP Biomedicals) is added daily for 5 days to the pH-balanced tap water of WT B6 mice. Mice are treated daily for 7 days with tubacin or niltubacin (0.5 mg/kg of body weight/day, i.p.), and colitis is assessed by daily monitoring of body weight, stool consistency, and fecal blood. Stool consistency is scored as 0 (hard), 2 (soft), or 4 (diarrhea), and fecal blood (Hemoccult) is scored as 0 (absent), 2 (occult), or 4 (gross). To assess prevention of colitis in a T cell-dependent model, CD4+ CD45RBhi T cells (1×106) isolated from WT mice using magnetic beads (>95% cell purity, flow cytometry) are injected i.p. into B6/Rag1−/− mice plus CD4+ CD25+ Tregs (1.25×105) isolated using magnetic beads from HDAC6−/− or WT mice (>90% Treg purity, flow cytometry) and mice are monitored biweekly for clinical evidence of colitis. To assess therapy of established T cell-dependent colitis, B6/Rag1−/− mice are injected i.p. with CD4+ CD45RBhi cells (1×106). Once colitis has developed, mice also receive CD4+ CD25+ Tregs (5×105 cells) isolated as described above from HDAC6−/− or WT mice or treatment with HDAC6i (tubastatin A) or HSP90i (17-AAG). Mice are monitored for continued weight loss and stool consistency. At the cessation of the study, paraffin sections of colons stained with Alcian Blue or hematoxylin and eosin are graded histologically or evaluated by immunoperoxidase staining for Foxp3+ Treg infiltration. MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    References

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