1. Anti-infection
  2. Bacterial


Cat. No.: HY-101472
Handling Instructions

Closthioamide is a potent inhibitor of bacterial DNA gyrase and highly active against Ec, MRSA, VRE and Mv), with MICs of 9.00 μM, 0.58 μM, 0.58 μM and 72.03 μM respectively.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Closthioamide Chemical Structure

Closthioamide Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 1227367-59-0

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Customer Review

  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Technical Information

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References


Closthioamide is a potent inhibitor of bacterial DNA gyrase and highly active against Ec, MRSA, VRE and Mv), with MICs of 9.00 μM, 0.58 μM, 0.58 μM and 72.03 μM respectively.

IC50 & Target

Bacterial DNA gyrase[1].
MIC: 9.00 μM (Ec), 0.58 μM (MRSA), 0.58 μM (VRE), 72.03 μM (Mv)[2].

In Vitro

Closthioamide is a potent inhibitor of bacterial DNA gyrase, isolated from the strictly anaerobic banterium Clostridium cellulolyticum and belongs to a new class of natural products[1]. In a standardized antimicrobial assay, it is found that closthioamide is highly active against a pathogenic, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.4 μg/mL-1 (0.58 μM). Closthioamide is even active against vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE) with the same low MIC value, and is thus significantly more potent against these bacteria than ciprofloxacin, the standard drugused against VRE, with remarkable strain selectivity. Furthermore, in a standardized cytotoxicity assay, closthioamide shows moderate antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects[2].

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

10 mM in DMSO

Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.4388 mL 7.1938 mL 14.3877 mL
5 mM 0.2878 mL 1.4388 mL 2.8775 mL
10 mM 0.1439 mL 0.7194 mL 1.4388 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
Cell Assay

The MIC is determined for the laboratory strains as follows. The assays are performed in sterile 96-well polystyrene microplates in 200 mL of cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton (MH) broth. A serial dilution of the compound to test is made in 100 mL of medium and inoculated with 100 mL of fresh cell culture containing ~105 cfu/mL and incubated at 37°C for 20 h. The MIC is defined as the lowest concentration of antibiotic that inhibit visible growth[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight









Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.


Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

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This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

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× = ×
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Cat. No.: HY-101472