1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Neuronal Signaling
  3. AChE

AChE

Acetylcholinesterase (AChE or acetylhydrolase) is a hydrolase that hydrolyzes the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. AChE is found at mainly neuromuscular junctions and cholinergic brain synapses, where its activity serves to terminate synaptic transmission. It belongs tocarboxylesterase family of enzymes. It is the primary target of inhibition by organophosphorus compounds such as nerve agents and pesticides. AChE has a very high catalytic activity - each molecule of AChE degrades about 25000 molecules ofacetylcholine (ACh) per second, approaching the limit allowed by diffusion of the substrate. ACh is released from the nerve into the synaptic cleft and binds to ACh receptors on the post-synaptic membrane, relaying the signal from the nerve. AChE, also located on the post-synaptic membrane, terminates the signal transmission by hydrolyzing ACh. The liberated choline is taken up again by the pre-synaptic nerve and ACh is synthetized by combining with acetyl-CoA through the action of choline acetyltransferase.

AChE Related Products (104):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-B0034
    Donepezil Hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.97%
    Donepezil (Hydrochloride) (E-2020) is a noncompetitive acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, which can readily cross the blood brain barrier and increases the concentration of cortical acetylcholine.
  • HY-76299
    Galanthamine Inhibitor 99.90%
    Galanthamine is a potent acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor with an IC50 of 500 nM.
  • HY-17552
    sn-Glycero-3-phosphocholine Activator >98.0%
    sn-Glycero-3-phosphocholine (Choline Alfoscerate) is a precursor in the biosynthesis of brain phospholipids and increases the bioavailability of choline in nervous tissue. sn-Glycero-3-phosphocholine (Choline Alfoscerate) has significant effects on cognitive function with a good safety profile and tolerability, and is effective in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and dementia.
  • HY-17368
    Rivastigmine Inhibitor 98.75%
    Rivastigmine (S-Rivastigmine) is an orally active and potent cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitor and inhibits butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and acetylcholinesteras (AChE) with IC50s of 0.037 μM , 4.15 μM, respectively. Rivastigmine can pass the blood brain barrier (BBB). Rivastigmine is a parasympathomimetic or cholinergic agent used for the research of mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer's type and dementia due to Parkinson's disease.
  • HY-14566
    Donepezil Inhibitor 99.96%
    Donepezil (E2020 free base) is a specific and potent AChE inhibitor with IC50s of 8.12 nM and 11.6 nM for bovine AChE and human AChE, respectively.
  • HY-B1488
    Tacrine hydrochloride Inhibitor >98.0%
    Tacrine hydrochloride is a potent inhibitor of both AChE and BChE, with IC50s of 31 nM and 25.6 nM, respectively. Tacrine hydrochloride is also a NMDAR inhibitor, with an IC50 of 26 μM. Tacrine hydrochloride can be used for the research of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • HY-B0815
    Chlorpyrifos Inhibitor >98.0%
    Chlorpyrifos is an organophosphate insecticide that is classified as a phosphorothionate. The oxon metabolite of Chlorpyrifos is an inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), affecting neurological function in insects, humans, and other animals. The Chlorpyrifos oxon (CPO) metabolite is hydrolyzed by the plasma enzyme paraoxonase 1 (PON1), and susceptibility to neurotoxicity associated with CPO exposure is mitigated by PON1 overexpression.
  • HY-135761
    Penconazole Inhibitor
    Penconazole is a typical triazole fungicide, and mainly applied on apples, grapes, and vegetables to control powdery mildew. Penconazole inhibits sterol biosynthesis in fungi. Penconazole decrease AChE activity in the cerebrum and cerebellum of rats.
  • HY-107569
    Garcinol Inhibitor >98.0%
    Garcinol, a polyisoprenylated benzophenone harvested from Garcinia indica, exerts anti-cholinesterase properties towards acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) with IC50s of 0.66 µM and 7.39 µM, respectively. Garcinol also inhibits histone acetyltransferases (HATs, IC50= 7 μM) and p300/CPB-associated factor (PCAF, IC50 = 5 μM). Garcinol has anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-B0207A
    Pyridostigmine bromide Inhibitor >98.0%
    Pyridostigmine bromide is a parasympathomimetic and a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor.
  • HY-B0949
    Protriptyline hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.91%
    Protriptyline hydrochloride is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA), specifically a secondary amine, for the treatment of depression and ADHD.
  • HY-B2244
    Tacrine hydrochloride hydrate Inhibitor 99.98%
    Tacrine hydrochloride hydrate is an inhibitor of both acetyl (AChE) and butyryl-cholinestrase (BChE) with IC50s of 31 nM and 25.6 nM, respectively.
  • HY-N0450
    Sinapine thiocyanate Inhibitor 98.32%
    Sinapine thiocyanate is an alkaloid isolated from seeds of the cruciferous species. Sinapine thiocyanate exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-tumor, anti-angiogenic and radio-protective effects. Sinapine thiocyanate is also an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor and can be used for the research of Alzheimer’s disease, ataxia, myasthenia gravis, and Parkinson’s disease.
  • HY-N5077
    Sinapine Inhibitor 99.87%
    Sinapine is an alkaloid isolated from seeds of the cruciferous species. Sinapine exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-tumor, anti-angiogenic and radio-protective effects. Sinapine is also an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor and can be used for the research of Alzheimer’s disease, ataxia, myasthenia gravis, and Parkinson’s disease.
  • HY-A0009
    Galanthamine hydrobromide Inhibitor 99.93%
    Galanthamine hydrobromide is a long-acting, centrally active acetylcholinesterase(AChE) inhibitor (IC50 = 410 nM) and allosteric potentiator at neuronal nicotinic ACh receptors.
  • HY-17387
    (-)-Huperzine A Inhibitor >98.0%
    (-)-Huperzine A (Huperzine A), an active Lycopodium alkaloid extracted from traditional Chinese herb, is a potent, selective and reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor and has been widely used in China for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD).
  • HY-75247
    Coumaran Inhibitor 99.69%
    Coumaran (2,3-Dihydrobenzofuran) is an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor isolated from leaves of L. camara. Coumaran can be used as a biopesticide.
  • HY-17388
    (±)-Huperzine A Inhibitor >98.0%
    (±)-Huperzine A, an active Lycopodium alkaloid extracted from traditional Chinese herb, is a potent, selective and reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor and has been widely used in China for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD).
  • HY-N0285
    Imperatorin Inhibitor
    Imperatorin is an effective of NO synthesis inhibitor (IC50=9.2 μmol), which also is a BChE inhibitor (IC50=31.4 μmol). Imperatorin is a weak agonist of TRPV1 with EC50 of 12.6±3.2 μM.
  • HY-N0810
    Timosaponin AIII 98.88%
    Timosaponin AIII could inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, with an IC50 of 35.4 μM.
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