1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
    Neuronal Signaling
  3. GlyT

GlyT

Glycine transporters (GlyTs) are members of the Na+/Cl--dependent transporter family, whose activities and subcellular distributions are regulated by phosphorylation and interactions with other proteins. GlyTs comprise glycine transporter type 1 (SLC6A9; GlyT1) and glycine transporter type 2 (SLC6A5; Glyt2). Both GlyTs exist in multiple splice variants. GlyTs that regulate levels of brain glycine, an inhibitory neurotransmitter with co-agonist activity for NMDA receptors (NMDARs), have been considered to be important targets for the treatment of brain disorders with suppressed NMDAR function such as schizophrenia.

GlyT1 and GlyT2 are expressed on both astrocytes and neurons, but their expression pattern in brain tissue is foremost related to neurotransmission. GlyT2 is markedly expressed in brainstem, spinal cord and cerebellum, where it is responsible for glycine uptake into glycinergic and GABAergic terminals. GlyT1 is abundant in neocortex, thalamus and hippocampus, where it is expressed in astrocytes, and involved in glutamatergic neurotransmission. GlyT1 and GlyT2, which are located in glial cells and neurons, respectively play important roles by clearing synaptically released glycine or supplying glycine to glycinergic neurons to regulate glycinergic neurotransmission. Thus, inhibition of GlyTs could be used to modify pain signal transmission in the spinal cord.

GlyT Related Products (15):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-10809
    Bitopertin
    Inhibitor 99.68%
    Bitopertin is a potent, noncompetitive glycine reuptake inhibitor, inhibits glycine uptake at human GlyT1 with a concentration exhibiting IC50 of 25 nM.
  • HY-101037
    Sarcosine
    Inhibitor
    Sarcosine (N-Methylglycine), an endogenous amino acid, is a competitive glycine transporter type I (GlyT1) inhibitor and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor co-agonist. Sarcosine increases the glycine concentration, resulting in an indirect potentiation of the NMDA receptor. Sarcosine is commonly used for the research of schizophrenia.
  • HY-10716A
    PF-03463275
    Inhibitor 99.57%
    PF-03463275 is a centrally penetrant, orally available, selective, and competitive GlyT1 (glycine transporter-1) reversible inhibitor, with a Ki of 11.6 nM. PF-03463275 has the potential for Schizophrenia research.
  • HY-100416A
    LY2365109 hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.32%
    LY2365109 hydrochloride is a potent and selective GlyT1 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 15.8 nM for glycine uptake in cells over-expressing hGlyT1a.
  • HY-103332
    N-Arachidonylglycine
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    N-Arachidonylglycine (NA-Gly), a carboxylic analog of the endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA), is a GPR18 agonist (EC50 = 44.5 nM). Unlike AEA, N-Arachidonylglycine has no activity at either CB1 or CB2 receptors. N-Arachidonylglycine inhibits GLYT2 (IC50 = 5.1 μM). N-Arachidonylglycine also is an effective activator of endometrial cell migration.
  • HY-138935
    Iclepertin
    Inhibitor
    Iclepertin (BI-425809) is a potent, selective and orally active glycine transporter 1 (GlyT1) inhibitor. Iclepertin is inactive against GlyT2. Iclepertin can be used for Alzheimer disease and schizophrenia research.
  • HY-112432
    GlyT1 Inhibitor 1
    Inhibitor 98.35%
    GlyT1 Inhibitor 1 is a potent and selective GlyT1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 38 nM for rGlyT1. Antipsychotic activity.
  • HY-130466
    Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride is an endogenous long-chain acylcarnitine. Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride is a less potent inhibitor of GlyT2. Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride inhibits glycine responses by 16.8% at concentrations up 3 μM.
  • HY-10809A
    Bitopertin (R enantiomer)
    Inhibitor
    Bitopertin R enantiomer (RG1678 R enantiomer; RO4917838 R enantiomer) is the R-enantiomer of Bitopertin. Bitopertin is a potent, noncompetitive glycine reuptake inhibitor, inhibits glycine uptake at human GlyT1 with a concentration exhibiting IC50 of 25 nM.
  • HY-107526
    NFPS
    Inhibitor
    NFPS is a selective, non-competitive glycine transporter-1 (GlyT1) inhibitor with IC50s of 2.8 nM and 9.8 nM for hGlyT1 and rGlyT1, respectively. NFPS exerts neuroprotection via glyR alpha1 subunit in the rat model of transient focal cerebral ischaemia and reperfusion.
  • HY-111029
    ALX-1393
    Inhibitor
    ALX-1393, a selective GlyT2 inhibitor, has an antinociceptive effect on thermal, mechanical, and chemical stimulations in a rat acute pain model.
  • HY-110176
    ASP2535
    Inhibitor 99.70%
    ASP2535 is a potent, orally bioavailable, selective, brain permeable and centrally-active glycine transporter-1 (GlyT1) inhibitor. ASP2535 can improve cognitive impairment in animal models of schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease.
  • HY-19887
    Tilapertin
    Inhibitor
    Tilapertin is an oral inhibitor of glycine transporter type-1 (GlyT1).
  • HY-109067
    Opiranserin
    Antagonist
    Opiranserin (VVZ-149), a non-opioid and non-NSAID analgesic candidate, is a dual antagonist of glycine transporter type 2 (GlyT2) and serotonin receptor 2A (5HT2A), with IC50s of 0.86 and 1.3 μM, respectively. Opiranserin shows antagonistic activity on rP2X3 (IC50=0.87 μM). Opiranserin is development as an injectable agent for the treatment of postoperative pain.
  • HY-101334
    MPDC
    Inhibitor
    MPDC is a potent and competitive inhibitor of the Na+-dependent high-affinity glutamate transporter in forebrain synaptosomes.
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