Signaling Pathway



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Amyloid-β (Aβ) denotes peptides of 36–43 amino acids that are crucially involved in Alzheimer's disease as the main component of theamyloid plaques found in the brains of Alzheimer patients. The peptides result from the amyloid precursor protein (APP), which is being cut by certain enzymes to yield Aβ. Aβ molecules can aggregate to form flexible soluble oligomers which may exist in several forms. Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is due to overproduction of Aβ and/or the failure of clearance mechanisms. Aβ self-aggregates into oligomers, which can be of various sizes, and forms diffuse and neuritic plaques in the parenchyma and blood vessels. Aβ oligomers and plaques are potent synaptotoxins, block proteasome function, inhibit mitochondrial activity, alter intracellular Ca2+levels and stimulate inflammatory processes. Loss of the normal physiological functions of Aβ is also thought to contribute to neuronal dysfunction.

Amyloid-β Inhibitors & Modulators (11)

Product Name Catalog No. Brief Description
amyloid P-IN-1


pharmaceutical compositions comprising the same and the use of the same for treatment of diseases or disorders wherein depletion of serum amyloid P component (SAP) would be beneficial, including amyloidosis, Alzheimer's disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus and osteoarthritis.



ARN2966 is a potent post-transcriptional modulator of APP expression; reduces expression of APP with resultant lower production of Aβ.

Carbazochrome sodium sulfonate


Carbazochrome(AC-17) is an antihemorrhagic agent.

Deferoxamine mesylate


Deferoxamine mesylate as a chelating agent used to remove excess iron from the body, treat acute iron poisoning, especially in small children, used to treat hemochromatosis, that can be either genetic or acquired.



FPS-ZM1 is a high-affinity RAGE-specific inhibitor that blocks Aβ binding to the V domain of RAGE with Ki of 25 ± 5 nM in RAGE-transfected CHO cells.



Frentizole, an FDA-approved immunosuppressive drug, is a novel inhibitor of the Aβ-ABAD interaction.

gamma-Secretase Modulators


gamma-Secretase Modulators (Amyloid-β production inhibitor) is a Amyloid-β production inhibitor.

K 01-162


K 01-162 (K162) binds and destabilizes AβO (β-amyloid), with an EC50 of 80 nM.

Notoginsenoside R1


Notoginsenoside R1, the main bioactive component in panaxnotoginseng, is reported have some neuronal protective, antihypertensive effects.



Semagacestat (LY450139) is a γ-secretase blocker for Aβ42, Aβ40 and Aβ38 with IC50 of 10.9 nM, 12.1 nM and 12.0 nM, also inhibits Notch signaling with IC50 of 14.1 nM.



Tramiprosate is a small, orally-administered compound that binds to soluble Aβ and reduces amyloid aggregation and subsequent deposition.