1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
    Neuronal Signaling
  3. iGluR


iGluR (ionotropic glutamate receptor) is a ligand-gated ion channel that is activated by the neurotransmitter glutamate. iGluR are integral membrane proteins compose of four large subunits that form a central ion channel pore. Sequence similarity among all known glutamate receptor subunits, including the AMPA, kainate, NMDA, and δ receptors.

AMPA receptors are the main charge carriers during basal transmission, permitting influx of sodium ions to depolarise the postsynaptic membrane. NMDA receptors are blocked by magnesium ions and therefore only permit ion flux following prior depolarisation. This enables them to act as coincidence detectors for synaptic plasticity. Calcium influx through NMDA receptors leads to persistent modifications in the strength of synaptic transmission.

iGluR Related Products (185):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-100714A
    Antagonist ≥98.0%
    D-AP5 (D-APV) is a selective and competitive NMDA receptor antagonist with a Kd of 1.4 μM. D-AP5 (D-APV) inhibits the glutamate binding site of NMDA receptors.
  • HY-15084
    Dizocilpine maleate
    Antagonist 99.97%
    Dizocilpine maleate (MK-801 maleate) is a potent, selective and non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist with Kd of 37.2 nM in rat brain membranes.
  • HY-17551
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    NMDA is a specific agonist for NMDA receptor mimicking the action of glutamate, the neurotransmitter which normally acts at that receptor.
  • HY-15066
    Antagonist ≥98.0%
    CNQX (FG9065) is a potent and competitive AMPA/kainate receptor antagonist with IC50s of 0.3 μM and 1.5 μM, respectively. CNQX is a competitive non-NMDA receptor antagonist. CNQX blocks the expression of fear-potentiated startle in rats.
  • HY-15068
    Antagonist 99.99%
    NBQX (FG9202) is a highly selective and competitive AMPA receptor antagonist. NBQX has neuroprotective and anticonvulsant activity.
  • HY-100815D
    (RS)-AMPA monohydrate
    Agonist 98.51%
    (RS)-AMPA ((±)-AMPA) monohydrate is a glutamate analogue and a potent and selective excitatory neurotransmitter L-glutamic acid agonist. (RS)-AMPA monohydrate does not interfere with binding sites for kainic acid or NMDA receptors.
  • HY-107602
    Antagonist 99.94%
    UBP310 is a selective GluR5 antagonist, with a Kd of 130 nM.
  • HY-109097
    Otaplimastat (SP-8203), a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor, blocks N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated excitotoxicity in a competitive manner. Otaplimastat also exhibits anti-oxidant activity. Otaplimastat can be used for the research of brain ischemic injury.
  • HY-N0215
    Antagonist 99.30%
    L-Phenylalanine ((S)-2-Amino-3-phenylpropionic acid) is an essential amino acid isolated from Escherichia coli. L-Phenylalanine is a α2δ subunit of voltage-dependent Ca+ channels antagonist with a Ki of 980 nM. L-phenylalanine is a competitive antagonist for the glycine- and glutamate-binding sites of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) (KB of 573 μM ) and non-NMDARs, respectively. L-Phenylalanine is widely used in the production of food flavors and pharmaceuticals.
  • HY-N2311
    Ibotenic acid
    Agonist 99.17%
    Ibotenic acid has agonist activity at both the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and trans-ACPD or metabolotropic quisqualate (Qm) receptor sites.
  • HY-100806
    Kynurenic acid
    Antagonist 99.03%
    Kynurenic acid, an endogenous tryptophan metabolite, is a broad-spectrum antagonist targeting NMDA, glutamate, α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Kynurenic acid is also an agonist of GPR35/CXCR8.
  • HY-14608
    L-Glutamic acid
    Agonist ≥99.0%
    L-Glutamic acid acts as an excitatory transmitter and an agonist at all subtypes of glutamate receptors (metabotropic, kainate, NMDA, and AMPA). L-Glutamic acid shows a direct activating effect on the release of DA from dopaminergic terminals.
  • HY-Y0966
    Glycine is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the CNS and also acts as a co-agonist along with glutamate, facilitating an excitatory potential at the glutaminergic N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors.
  • HY-100807
    Quinolinic acid
    Agonist ≥99.0%
    Quinolinic acid is an endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist synthesized from L-tryptophan via the kynurenine pathway and thereby has the potential of mediating N-methyl-D-aspartate neuronal damage and dysfunction.
  • HY-12882A
    Ifenprodil tartrate
    Antagonist 99.58%
    Ifenprodil tartrate is a typical noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist. Ifenprodil tartrate exerts high affinity at NR1A/NR2B receptors (IC50=0.34 μM) over 400-fold than at NR1A/NR2A receptors (IC50=146 μM). Ifenprodil tartrate inhibits GIRK (Kir3), reduces inward currents through the basal GIRK activity. Ifenprodil tartrate has the potential to be a cerebral vasodilator.
  • HY-14608A
    L-Glutamic acid monosodium salt
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    L-Glutamic acid monosodium salt acts as an excitatory transmitter and an agonist at all subtypes of glutamate receptors (metabotropic, kainate, NMDA, and AMPA). (S)-Glutamic acid shows a direct activating effect on the release of DA from dopaminergic terminals.
  • HY-30008
    Antagonist ≥98.0%
    Cycloleucine is a specific inhibitor of S-adenosyl-methionine mediated methylation. Cycloleucine is antagonist of NMDA receptor associated glycine receptor, with a Ki of 600 μM. Cycloleucine is also a competitive inhibitor of ATP: L-methionine-S-adenosyl transferase in vitro. Cycloleucine has anxiolytic and cytostatic effects.
  • HY-13993A
    Ro 25-6981 Maleate
    Ro 25-6981 Maleate is a potent and selective activity-dependent blocker of NMDA receptors containing the NR2B subunit.
  • HY-15067
    Antagonist 98.45%
    DNQX (FG 9041), a quinoxaline derivative, is a selective, potent competitive non-NMDA glutamate receptor antagonist (IC50s = 0.5, 2 and 40 μM for AMPA, kainate and NMDA receptors, respectively).
  • HY-B0030
    Agonist 99.91%
    D-Cycloserine is an antibiotic which targets sequential bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan biosynthesis enzymes. D-Cycloserine is a partial NMDA agonist that can improve cognitive functions. D-Cycloserine can be used for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis research.
Isoform Specific Products

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