1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
    Neuronal Signaling
  3. iGluR

iGluR

iGluR (ionotropic glutamate receptor) is a ligand-gated ion channel that is activated by the neurotransmitter glutamate. iGluR are integral membrane proteins compose of four large subunits that form a central ion channel pore. Sequence similarity among all known glutamate receptor subunits, including the AMPA, kainate, NMDA, and δ receptors.

AMPA receptors are the main charge carriers during basal transmission, permitting influx of sodium ions to depolarise the postsynaptic membrane. NMDA receptors are blocked by magnesium ions and therefore only permit ion flux following prior depolarisation. This enables them to act as coincidence detectors for synaptic plasticity. Calcium influx through NMDA receptors leads to persistent modifications in the strength of synaptic transmission.

iGluR Related Products (134):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-15084
    Dizocilpine maleate Antagonist 99.97%
    Dizocilpine maleate (MK-801 maleate) is a potent, selective and non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist with Kd of 37.2 nM in rat brain membranes.
  • HY-100714A
    D-AP5 Antagonist
    D-AP5 is a NMDA receptor antagonist.
  • HY-17551
    NMDA Agonist >98.0%
    NMDA is a specific agonist for NMDA receptor mimicking the action of glutamate, the neurotransmitter which normally acts at that receptor.
  • HY-15066
    CNQX Antagonist 98.05%
    CNQX (FG9065) is a potent and competitive AMPA/kainate receptor antagonist with IC50s of 0.3 μM and 1.5 μM, respectively. CNQX is a competitive non-NMDA receptor antagonist. CNQX blocks the expression of fear-potentiated startle in rats.
  • HY-12882A
    Ifenprodil tartrate Antagonist 98.87%
    Ifenprodil tartrate is a typical noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist. Ifenprodil tartrate exerts high affinity at NR1A/NR2B receptors (IC50=0.34 μM) over 400-fold than at NR1A/NR2A receptors (IC50=146 μM). Ifenprodil tartrate inhibits GIRK (Kir3), reduces inward currents through the basal GIRK activity. Ifenprodil tartrate has the potential to be a cerebral vasodilator.
  • HY-P2307
    Tat-NR2Baa
    Tat-NR2BAA is the control peptide of Tat-NR2B9c (HY-P0117), inactive. The sequence of Tat-NR2BAA is similar to Tat-NR2B9c, but it has a double-point mutation in the COOH terminal tSXV motif, making it incapable of binding PSD-95. Tat-NR2B9c is a membrane-permeant peptide and disrupts PSD-95/NMDAR binding, correlate with uncoupling NR2B- and/or NR2A-type NMDARs from PSD-95.
  • HY-I0096
    Indole-2-carboxylic acid Inhibitor 99.85%
    Indole-2-carboxylic acid is a strong inhibitor of lipid peroxidation. Indole-2-carboxylic acid (I2CA) specifically and competitively inhibits the potentiation by glycine of NMDA-gated current.
  • HY-100815B
    (RS)-AMPA Agonist
    (RS)-AMPA ((±)-AMPA) is a glutamate analogue and a potent and selective excitatory neurotransmitter L-glutamic acid agonist. (RS)-AMPA does not interfere with binding sites for kainic acid or NMDA receptors.
  • HY-15068
    NBQX Antagonist 99.99%
    NBQX is a highly selective and competitive AMPA receptor antagonist.
  • HY-B0365A
    Memantine hydrochloride Inhibitor >98.0%
    Memantine (hydrochloride) (D-145 (hydrochloride)), an amantadine derivative with low to moderate-affinity for NMDA receptors, inhibit CYP2B6 and CYP2D6 with Ki of 0.51 nM and 94.9 μM, respectively.
  • HY-13993A
    Ro 25-6981 Maleate Inhibitor
    Ro 25-6981 Maleate is a potent and selective activity-dependent blocker of NMDA receptors containing the NR2B subunit.
  • HY-N0215
    L-Phenylalanine Antagonist 98.06%
    L-Phenylalanine ((S)-2-Amino-3-phenylpropionic acid) is an essential amino acid isolated from Escherichia coli. L-Phenylalanine is a α2δ subunit of voltage-dependent Ca+ channels antagonist with a Ki of 980 nM. L-phenylalanine is a competitive antagonist for the glycine- and glutamate-binding sites of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) (KB of 573 μM ) and non-NMDARs, respectively. L-Phenylalanine is widely used in the production of food flavors and pharmaceuticals.
  • HY-Y0966
    Glycine >98.0%
    Glycine is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the CNS and also acts as a co-agonist along with glutamate, facilitating an excitatory potential at the glutaminergic N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors.
  • HY-15067
    DNQX Antagonist 98.45%
    DNQX (FG 9041) is a AMPA receptor antagonists.
  • HY-12294A
    PEAQX tetrasodium hydrate Antagonist >98.0%
    PEAQX tetrasodium hydrate (NVP-AAM077 tetrasodium hydrate) is a potent and orally active NMDA antagonist with a 15-fold preference for human NMDA receptors with the 1A/2A(IC50=270 nM), rather than 1A/2B(29,600 nM).
  • HY-15069
    Fanapanel Antagonist 99.93%
    Fanapanel (ZK200775) is a highly selective AMPA/kainate antagonist with little activity against NMDA; have Ki values of 3.2 nM, 100 nM, and 8.5 μM against quisqualate, kainate, and NMDA, respectively.
  • HY-P0117
    Tat-NR2B9c Inhibitor 98.22%
    Tat-NR2B9c (Tat-NR2Bct; NA-1) is a postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95) inhibitor, with EC50 values of 6.7 nM and 670 nM for PSD-95d2 (PSD-95 PDZ domain 2) and PSD-95d1, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c disrupts the PSD-95/NMDAR interaction, inhibiting NR2A and NR2B binding to PSD-95 with IC50 values of 0.5 μM and 8 μM, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c also inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)/PSD-95 interaction, and possesses neuroprotective efficacy.
  • HY-N2311
    Ibotenic acid Agonist 98.27%
    Ibotenic acid has agonist activity at both the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and trans-ACPD or metabolotropic quisqualate (Qm) receptor sites.
  • HY-100806
    Kynurenic acid Antagonist 98.75%
    Kynurenic acid, an endogenous tryptophan metabolite, is a broad-spectrum antagonist targeting NMDA, glutamate, α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Kynurenic acid is also an agonist of GPR35/CXCR8.
  • HY-14608A
    L-Glutamic acid monosodium salt Agonist >98.0%
    L-Glutamic acid monosodium salt acts as an excitatory transmitter and an agonist at all subtypes of glutamate receptors (metabotropic, kainate, NMDA, and AMPA). (S)-Glutamic acid shows a direct activating effect on the release of DA from dopaminergic terminals.
Isoform Specific Products

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