1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  3. PPAR

PPAR

PPARs (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors) are ligand-activated transcription factors of nuclear hormone receptor superfamily comprising of the following three subtypes: PPARα, PPARγ, and PPARβ/δ. PPARs play essential roles in the regulation of cellular differentiation, development, and metabolism (carbohydrate, lipid, protein), and tumorigenesis of higher organisms. All PPARs heterodimerize with the retinoid X receptor (RXR) and bind to specific regions on the DNA of target genes. Activation of PPAR-α reduces triglyceride level and is involved in regulation of energy homeostasis. Activation of PPAR-γ enhances glucose metabolism, whereas activation of PPAR-β/δ enhances fatty acids metabolism.

PPAR Isoform Specific Products:

  • PPARα

  • PPARβ/δ

  • PPARγ

  • PPAR

PPAR Related Products (101):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17386
    Rosiglitazone Agonist 99.21%
    Rosiglitazone (BRL 49653), a Thiazolidinedione insulin sensitizer, is a selective, orally active PPARγ agonist with EC50s of 30 nM, 100 nM and 60 nM for PPARγ1, PPARγ2, and PPARγ, respectively. Rosiglitazone binds to PPARγ with a Kd of approximately 40 nM. Rosiglitazone is also an activator of TRPC5 (EC50=~30 μM) and an inhibitor of TRPM3.
  • HY-14649
    Retinoic acid Agonist 99.74%
    Retinoic acid is a metabolite of vitamin A that plays important roles in cell growth, differentiation, and organogenesis. Retinoic acid is a natural agonist of RAR nuclear receptors, with IC50s of 14 nM for RARα/β/γ. Retinoic acid bind to PPARβ/δ with Kd of 17 nM.
  • HY-16578
    GW9662 Antagonist 99.83%
    GW9662 is a potent and selective PPARγ antagonist with an IC50 of 3.3 nM, showing 10 and 1000-fold selectivity over PPARα and PPARδ, respectively.
  • HY-16737
    Elafibranor Agonist 99.18%
    Elafibranor (GFT505) is a PPARα/δ agonist with EC50s of 45 and 175 nM, respectively.
  • HY-15372
    GW 6471 Antagonist 98.98%
    GW 6471 is a potent PPARα antagonist.
  • HY-N0292
    Oleuropein Inhibitor 98.54%
    Oleuropein, found in olive leaves and oil, exerts antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic effects through direct inhibition of PPARγ transcriptional activity. Oleuropein induces apoptosis in breast cancer cells via the p53-dependent pathway and through the regulation of Bax and Bcl2 genes. Oleuropein also inhibits aromatase.
  • HY-121538
    CUDA Activator >98.0%
    CUDA is a potent inhibitor of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), with IC50s of 11.1 nM and 112 nM for mouse sEH and human sEH, respectively. CUDA selectively increases peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha activity. CUDA may be valuable for the research of cardiovascular disease.
  • HY-108568
    15-Deoxy-Δ-12,14-prostaglandin J2 Agonist
    15-Deoxy-Δ-12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) is a cyclopentenone prostaglandin and a metabolite of PGD2. 15-Deoxy-Δ-12,14-prostaglandin J2 is a selective PPARγ (EC50 of 2 µM) and a covalent PPARδ agonist. 15-Deoxy-Δ-12,14-prostaglandin J2 promotes efficient differentiation of C3H10T1/2 fibroblasts to adipocytes with an EC50 of 7 μM.
  • HY-50935
    Troglitazone Agonist 99.53%
    Troglitazone is a PPARγ agonist, with EC50s of 550 nM and 780 nM for human and murine PPARγ receptor, respectively.
  • HY-13202
    T0070907 Antagonist 99.34%
    T0070907 is a potent PPARγ antagonist with a Ki of 1 nM.
  • HY-13956
    Pioglitazone Activator 99.18%
    Pioglitazone (U 72107) is a potent and selective PPARγ agonist with high affinity binding to the PPARγ ligand-binding domain with EC50 of 0.93 and 0.99 μM for human and mouse PPARγ, respectively.
  • HY-17356
    Fenofibrate Agonist 99.92%
    Fenofibrate is a selective PPARα agonist with an EC50 of 30 μM. Fenofibrate also inhibits human cytochrome P450 isoforms, with IC50s of 0.2, 0.7, 9.7, 4.8 and 142.1 μM for CYP2C19, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C8, and CYP3A4, respectively.
  • HY-10838
    GW 501516 Agonist 99.27%
    GW 501516 is a PPARδ agonist with an EC50 of 1.1 nM.
  • HY-N0182
    Fisetin Inhibitor 98.02%
    Fisetin is a natural flavonol found in many fruits and vegetables with various benefits, such as antioxidant, anticancer, neuroprotection effects.
  • HY-N0014
    Icariin Activator 98.75%
    Icariin is a flavonol glycoside. Icariin inhibits PDE5 and PDE4 activities with IC50s of 432 nM and 73.50 μM, respectively. Icariin also is a PPARα activator.
  • HY-16995
    Pirinixic acid Agonist 99.48%
    Pirinixic acid (Wy-14643) is a potent agonist of PPARα, with EC50s of 0.63 μM, 32 μM for murine PPARα and PPARγ, and 5.0 μM, 60 μM, 35 μM for human PPARα, PPARγ and PPARδ, respectively.
  • HY-14601
    Pioglitazone hydrochloride Agonist
    Pioglitazone hydrochloride is a potent and selective PPARγ agonist with EC50s of 0.93 and 0.99 μM for human and mouse PPARγ, respectively.
  • HY-15725
    CDDO-Im Activator 98.20%
    CDDO-Im (CDDO-imidazolide) is an activator of Nrf2 and PPAR, with Kis of 232 and 344 nM for PPARα and PPARγ.
  • HY-15655
    GW1929 Agonist 99.64%
    GW1929 is a potent PPAR-γ agonist, with a pKi of 8.84 for human PPAR-γ, and pEC50s of 8.56 and 8.27 for human PPAR-γ and murine PPAR-γ, respectively.
  • HY-N0100
    Naringenin 98.72%
    Naringenin is the predominant flavanone in grapefruit; displays strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. Naringenin has anti-dengue virus (DENV) activity.
Isoform Specific Products

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