1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  3. PPAR

PPAR

PPARs (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors) are ligand-activated transcription factors of nuclear hormone receptor superfamily comprising of the following three subtypes: PPARα, PPARγ, and PPARβ/δ. PPARs play essential roles in the regulation of cellular differentiation, development, and metabolism (carbohydrate, lipid, protein), and tumorigenesis of higher organisms. All PPARs heterodimerize with the retinoid X receptor (RXR) and bind to specific regions on the DNA of target genes. Activation of PPAR-α reduces triglyceride level and is involved in regulation of energy homeostasis. Activation of PPAR-γ enhances glucose metabolism, whereas activation of PPAR-β/δ enhances fatty acids metabolism.

PPAR Isoform Specific Products:

  • PPARα

  • PPARβ/δ

  • PPARγ

  • PPAR

  • PPARδ

PPAR Related Products (128):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-14649
    Retinoic acid
    Agonist 99.74%
    Retinoic acid is a metabolite of vitamin A that plays important roles in cell growth, differentiation, and organogenesis. Retinoic acid is a natural agonist of RAR nuclear receptors, with IC50s of 14 nM for RARα/β/γ. Retinoic acid bind to PPARβ/δ with Kd of 17 nM. Retinoic acid acts as an inhibitor of transcription factor Nrf2 through activation of retinoic acid receptor alpha.
  • HY-17386
    Rosiglitazone
    Agonist 99.90%
    Rosiglitazone (BRL 49653) is a selective, orally active PPARγ agonist with EC50s of 30 nM, 100 nM and 60 nM for PPARγ1, PPARγ2, and PPARγ, respectively. Rosiglitazone binds to PPARγ with a Kd of approximately 40 nM. Rosiglitazone is also an activator of TRPC5 (EC50=~30 μM) and an inhibitor of TRPM3.
  • HY-16578
    GW9662
    Antagonist 99.83%
    GW9662 is a potent and selective PPARγ antagonist with an IC50 of 3.3 nM, showing 10 and 1000-fold selectivity over PPARα and PPARδ, respectively.
  • HY-15372
    GW6471
    Antagonist 98.81%
    GW6471 is a potent PPARα antagonist.
  • HY-13956
    Pioglitazone
    Activator ≥98.0%
    Pioglitazone (U 72107) is a potent and selective PPARγ agonist with high affinity binding to the PPARγ ligand-binding domain with EC50 of 0.93 and 0.99 μM for human and mouse PPARγ, respectively.
  • HY-101292
    FK614
    Agonist 99.82%
    FK614 is an orally active, non-thiazolidinedione (TZD) type, and selective PPARγ modulator (SPPARM). FK614 functions as a PPARγ agonist with potent anti-diabetic activity in vivo. FK614 has different effects on the activation of PPARγ at each stage of adipocyte differentiation. FK614 can be used for the research of hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes.
  • HY-117103
    AMG131
    Agonist 99.13%
    AMG131 (INT131), a potent and highly selective PPARγ partial agonist, binds to PPARγ and displaces Rosiglitazone with a Ki of ~10 nM. AMG131 can be used for research of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
  • HY-141494
    Pparδ agonist 5
    Agonist
    Pparδ agonist 5, an orally active PPARδ-selective agonist (EC50=0.335 μM), is much greater than that of the prototypical standard GW0742. Pparδ agonist 5 promotes improvements in bone density and microarchitecture in vivo.
  • HY-17356
    Fenofibrate
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    Fenofibrate is a selective PPARα agonist with an EC50 of 30 μM. Fenofibrate also inhibits human cytochrome P450 isoforms, with IC50s of 0.2, 0.7, 9.7, 4.8 and 142.1 μM for CYP2C19, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C8, and CYP3A4, respectively.
  • HY-N0182
    Fisetin
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Fisetin is a natural flavonol found in many fruits and vegetables with various benefits, such as antioxidant, anticancer, neuroprotection effects.
  • HY-13202
    T0070907
    Antagonist 99.98%
    T0070907 is a potent PPARγ antagonist with a Ki of 1 nM.
  • HY-50935
    Troglitazone
    Agonist 98.60%
    Troglitazone is a PPARγ agonist, with EC50s of 550 nM and 780 nM for human and murine PPARγ receptor, respectively.
  • HY-16737
    Elafibranor
    Agonist 99.18%
    Elafibranor (GFT505) is a PPARα/δ agonist with EC50s of 45 and 175 nM, respectively.
  • HY-16995
    Pirinixic acid
    Agonist 99.80%
    Pirinixic acid (Wy-14643) is a potent agonist of PPARα, with EC50s of 0.63 μM, 32 μM for murine PPARα and PPARγ, and 5.0 μM, 60 μM, 35 μM for human PPARα, PPARγ and PPARδ, respectively.
  • HY-10838
    GW 501516
    Agonist 99.15%
    GW 501516 (GW 1516) is a PPARδ agonist with an EC50 of 1.1 nM.
  • HY-15027
    5-Aminosalicylic Acid
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    5-Aminosalicylic acid (Mesalamine) acts as a specific PPARγ agonist and also inhibits p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) and NF-κB.
  • HY-N0100
    Naringenin
    98.83%
    Naringenin is the predominant flavanone in grapefruit; displays strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. Naringenin has anti-dengue virus (DENV) activity.
  • HY-N0019
    Daidzein
    Activator ≥98.0%
    Daidzein is a soy isoflavone, which acts as a PPAR activator.
  • HY-15655
    GW1929
    Agonist 99.77%
    GW1929 is a potent PPAR-γ agonist, with a pKi of 8.84 for human PPAR-γ, and pEC50s of 8.56 and 8.27 for human PPAR-γ and murine PPAR-γ, respectively.
  • HY-13861
    GW7647
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    GW7647 is a potent PPARα agonist, with EC50s of 6 nM, 1.1 μM, and 6.2 μM for human PPARα, PPARγ and PPARδ, respectively.
Isoform Specific Products

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Sorry. There is currently no product that acts on isoform together.

Please try each isoform separately.