1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage Vitamin D Related/Nuclear Receptor Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. PPAR
  3. Pirinixic acid

Pirinixic acid  (Synonyms: Wy-14643)

Cat. No.: HY-16995 Purity: 99.80%
COA Handling Instructions

Pirinixic acid (Wy-14643) is a potent agonist of PPARα, with EC50s of 0.63 μM, 32 μM for murine PPARα and PPARγ, and 5.0 μM, 60 μM, 35 μM for human PPARα, PPARγ and PPARδ, respectively.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Pirinixic acid Chemical Structure

Pirinixic acid Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 50892-23-4

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Solid + Solvent (Highly Recommended)
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
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Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 73 In-stock
Solid
5 mg USD 42 In-stock
10 mg USD 66 In-stock
50 mg USD 92 In-stock
100 mg USD 132 In-stock
250 mg USD 290 In-stock
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Customer Review

Based on 14 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review

Description

Pirinixic acid (Wy-14643) is a potent agonist of PPARα, with EC50s of 0.63 μM, 32 μM for murine PPARα and PPARγ, and 5.0 μM, 60 μM, 35 μM for human PPARα, PPARγ and PPARδ, respectively.

IC50 & Target[1]

PPARα

0.63 μM (EC50)

PPARγ

32 μM (EC50)

In Vitro

Pirinixic acid (Wy-14643) is an agonist of PPARα, with EC50s of 0.63 μM, 32 μM for murine PPARα and PPARγ, and 5.0 μM, 60 μM, 35 μM for human PPARα, PPARγ and PPARδ, respectively[1].
Pirinixic acid (Wy-14643; 0, 10, 100 μM) enhances protein expression of PPAR-α in synovial fibroblasts. Pirinixic acid (0, 10, 100 μM) shows inhibitroy effects on NO and PGE2 production in LPS-stimulated synovial fibroblasts. Pirinixic acid also effectively downregulates expression of inflammatory mediators such as VCAM-1, ICAM-1, ET-1, and TF in synovial fibroblasts, blocks LPS-induced NF-kB activation, IkB phosphorylation, and NF-kB nuclear translocation in synovial fibroblasts, but Pirinixic acid shows no effects in PPAR-α silenced cells[2].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Pirinixic acid (Wy-14643; 10 mg/kg, i.v.) decreases hepatic injury and lipid peroxidation (MDA) levels in obese rats. Pirinixic acid also causes increased SIRT1 activity in Sham and ischemia-reperfusion (IR) group, but shows no effects on SIRT3 protein expression. Pirinixic acid enhances NAD+, and ATP levels, and prevents endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in rats[3].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

323.80

Formula

C14H14ClN3O2S

CAS No.
Unlabeled CAS

Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

O=C(O)CSC1=NC(NC2=CC=CC(C)=C2C)=CC(Cl)=N1

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 2 years
-20°C 1 year
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (308.83 mM; Need ultrasonic; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

H2O : 1 mg/mL (3.09 mM; ultrasonic and warming and heat to 60°C)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.0883 mL 15.4416 mL 30.8833 mL
5 mM 0.6177 mL 3.0883 mL 6.1767 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

* Note: If you choose water as the stock solution, please dilute it to the working solution, then filter and sterilize it with a 0.22 μm filter before use.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass
=
Concentration
×
Volume
×
Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start)

C1

×
Volume (start)

V1

=
Concentration (final)

C2

×
Volume (final)

V2

In Vivo:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: 10 mg/mL (30.88 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

    This protocol yields a suspended solution of 10 mg/mL. Suspended solution can be used for oral and intraperitoneal injection.

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (100.0 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (6.42 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (20.8 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

    Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.
In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

Dosage

mg/kg

Animal weight
(per animal)

g

Dosing volume
(per animal)

μL

Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Please enter your animal formula composition:
%
DMSO +
+
%
Tween-80 +
%
Saline
Recommended: Keep the proportion of DMSO in working solution below 2% if your animal is weak.
The co-solvents required include: DMSO, . All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE). , Tween 80. All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).
The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
 If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.80%

References
Cell Assay
[2]

Synovial fibroblasts are treated with LPS (100 μg/mL) in the presence or absence of Pirinixic acid. PPAR-α siRNA-transfected cells are also treated with LPS (100 μg/mL) together with Pirinixic acid. After stimulation, the production of NO is determined using Griess reagents. Briefly, 300 μL of supernatant is mixed with 100 μL of Griess reagent and 2.6 mL of deionized water. The mixture is incubated for 30 min at room temperature, and the absorbance at 548 nm is measured. The concentrations of NO in the supernatants are calculated from a standard curve[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

Synovial fibroblasts are treated with LPS (100 μg/mL) in the presence or absence of Wy-14643. PPAR-α siRNA-transfected cells are also treated with LPS (100 μg/mL) together with Wy-14643. After stimulation, the production of NO is determined using Griess reagents. Briefly, 300 μL of supernatant is mixed with 100 μL of Griess reagent and 2.6 mL of deionized water. The mixture is incubated for 30 min at room temperature, and the absorbance at 548 nm is measured. The concentrations of NO in the supernatants are calculated from a standard curve[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
H2O / DMSO 1 mM 3.0883 mL 15.4416 mL 30.8833 mL 77.2082 mL
DMSO 5 mM 0.6177 mL 3.0883 mL 6.1767 mL 15.4416 mL
10 mM 0.3088 mL 1.5442 mL 3.0883 mL 7.7208 mL
15 mM 0.2059 mL 1.0294 mL 2.0589 mL 5.1472 mL
20 mM 0.1544 mL 0.7721 mL 1.5442 mL 3.8604 mL
25 mM 0.1235 mL 0.6177 mL 1.2353 mL 3.0883 mL
30 mM 0.1029 mL 0.5147 mL 1.0294 mL 2.5736 mL
40 mM 0.0772 mL 0.3860 mL 0.7721 mL 1.9302 mL
50 mM 0.0618 mL 0.3088 mL 0.6177 mL 1.5442 mL
60 mM 0.0515 mL 0.2574 mL 0.5147 mL 1.2868 mL
80 mM 0.0386 mL 0.1930 mL 0.3860 mL 0.9651 mL
100 mM 0.0309 mL 0.1544 mL 0.3088 mL 0.7721 mL

* Note: If you choose water as the stock solution, please dilute it to the working solution, then filter and sterilize it with a 0.22 μm filter before use.

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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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