1. Immunology/Inflammation
  2. COX

COX

Cyclooxygenase (COX), officially known as prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS), is an enzyme that is responsible for formation of important biological mediators called prostanoids, including prostaglandins, prostacyclin and thromboxane. Pharmacological inhibition of COX can provide relief from the symptoms of inflammation and pain. Drugs, like Aspirin, that inhibit cyclooxygenase activity have been available to the public for about 100 years. Two cyclooxygenase isoforms have been identified and are referred to as COX-1 and COX-2. Under many circumstances the COX-1 enzyme is produced constitutively (i.e., gastric mucosa) whereas COX-2 is inducible (i.e., sites of inflammation). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), such as aspirin and ibuprofen, exert their effects through inhibition of COX. The main COX inhibitors are the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

COX Related Products (107):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-14398
    Celecoxib Inhibitor 99.50%
    Celecoxib is a selective COX-2 inhibitor with an IC50 of 40 nM.
  • HY-66005
    Acetaminophen Inhibitor 99.69%
    Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 25.8 μM; is a widely used antipyretic and analgesic drug.
  • HY-14397
    Indomethacin Inhibitor >98.0%
    Indomethacin is a potent and nonselective inhibitor of COX1 and COX2, with IC50s of 18 nM and 26 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2, respectively, in CHO cells.
  • HY-14654
    Aspirin Inhibitor >99.0%
    Aspirin is a non-selective and irreversible inhibitor of COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50s of 5 and 210 μg/mL.
  • HY-14617
    Paradol Inhibitor 98.84%
    Paradol is a pungent phenolic substance found in ginger and other Zingiberaceae plants. Paradol is an effective inhibitor of tumor promotion in mouse skin carcinogenesis, binds to cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 active site.
  • HY-112731
    TFAP Inhibitor 99.97%
    TFAP is a selective cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.8 μM.
  • HY-N0904
    Ginsenoside C-K Inhibitor >98.0%
    Ginsenoside C-K, a bacterial metabolite of G-Rb1, exhibits anti-inflammatory effects by reducing iNOS and COX-2. Ginsenoside C-K exhibits an inhibition against the activity of CYP2C9 and CYP2A6 in human liver microsomes with IC50s of 32.0±3.6 μM and 63.6±4.2 μM, respectively.
  • HY-78131
    Ibuprofen Inhibitor 99.99%
    Ibuprofen is an anti-inflammatory inhibitor targeting COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50 of 13 μM and 370 μM, respectively.
  • HY-15036
    Diclofenac Inhibitor 99.98%
    Diclofenac is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 nM, 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1, 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively.
  • HY-N1067
    Xanthohumol Inhibitor 99.68%
    Xanthohumol is one of the principal flavonoids isolated from hops, the inhibitor of diacylglycerol acetyltransferase (DGAT), COX-1 and COX-2, and shows anti-cancer and anti-angiogenic activities.
  • HY-N0603
    Ginsenoside Rg3 Inhibitor >98.0%
    Ginsenoside Rg3 is the main component of Red ginseng. Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits Na+ and hKv1.4 channel with IC50s of 32.2±4.5 and 32.6±2.2 μM, respectively. Ginsenoside Rg3 also inhibits levels, NF-κB activity, and COX-2 expression.
  • HY-13913
    NS-398 Inhibitor 99.79%
    NS-398 is a non-steroidal an-inflammatory agent with analgesic and antipyretic effects, and selectively inhibits prostaglandin G/H synthase 2/cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) activity, with an IC50 of 3.8 μM, and has no effect on COX-1 at 100 μM.
  • HY-B0261
    Meloxicam Inhibitor 98.07%
    Meloxicam is a non-steroidal antiinflammatory agent, inhibits COX activity, with IC50s of 0.49 µM and 36.6 µM for COX-2 and COX-1, respectively.
  • HY-B1221
    Flufenamic acid Inhibitor 99.92%
    Flufenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX), activates AMPK, and also modulates ion channels, blocking chloride channels and L-type Ca2+ channels, modulating non-selective cation channels (NSC), activating K+ channels.
  • HY-B1227
    Carprofen Inhibitor 99.76%
    Carprofen is a nonsteroid anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a multi-target FAAH/COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 3.9 μM, 22.3 μM and 78.6 μM for COX-2, COX-1 and FAAH, respectively.
  • HY-N0001
    (-)-Epicatechin Inhibitor 99.00%
    (-)-Epicatechin inhibits cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) with an IC50 of 3.2 μM. (-)-Epicatechin inhibits the IL-1β-induced expression of iNOS by blocking the nuclear localization of the p65 subunit of NF-κB.
  • HY-17372
    Rofecoxib Inhibitor 99.95%
    Rofecoxib is a potent, specific and orally active COX-2 inhibitor, with IC50s of 26 and 18 nM for human COX-2 in human osteosarcoma cells and Chinese hamster ovary cells, with a 1000-fold selectivity for COX-2 over human COX-1 (IC50 > 50 μM in U937 cells and > 15 μM in Chinese hamster ovary cells).
  • HY-15030
    Naproxen Inhibitor 99.66%
    Naproxen is a COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitor with IC50s of 8.72 and 5.15 μM, respectively in cell assay.
  • HY-B0167
    Salicylic acid Inhibitor >98.0%
    Salicylic acid inhibits cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity independently of transcription factor (NF-κB) activation.
  • HY-N0002
    (-)-Epicatechin gallate Inhibitor 98.57%
    Epicatechin gallate inhibits cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) with an IC50 of 7.5 μM.
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