1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. COX

COX

Cyclooxygenase (COX), officially known as prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS), is an enzyme that is responsible for formation of important biological mediators called prostanoids, including prostaglandins, prostacyclin and thromboxane. Pharmacological inhibition of COX can provide relief from the symptoms of inflammation and pain. Drugs, like Aspirin, that inhibit cyclooxygenase activity have been available to the public for about 100 years. Two cyclooxygenase isoforms have been identified and are referred to as COX-1 and COX-2. Under many circumstances the COX-1 enzyme is produced constitutively (i.e., gastric mucosa) whereas COX-2 is inducible (i.e., sites of inflammation). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), such as aspirin and ibuprofen, exert their effects through inhibition of COX. The main COX inhibitors are the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

COX Isoform Specific Products:

  • COX

  • COX-1

  • COX-2

  • COX-3

COX Related Products (203):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-66005
    Acetaminophen Inhibitor 99.96%
    Acetaminophen (Paracetamol) is a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 25.8 μM; is a widely used antipyretic and analgesic agent. Acetaminophen is a potent hepatic N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) inhibitor.
  • HY-14397
    Indomethacin Inhibitor 99.71%
    Indomethacin (Indometacin) is a potent, blood-brain permeable and nonselective inhibitor of COX1 and COX2, with IC50s of 18 nM and 26 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2, respectively, in CHO cells. Indomethacin disrupts autophagic flux by disturbing the normal functioning of lysosomes.
  • HY-14398
    Celecoxib Inhibitor 99.50%
    Celecoxib is a selective COX-2 inhibitor with an IC50 of 40 nM.
  • HY-14654
    Aspirin Inhibitor 99.90%
    Aspirin is a non-selective and irreversible inhibitor of COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50s of 5 and 210 μg/mL.
  • HY-78131
    Ibuprofen Inhibitor 99.97%
    Ibuprofen is an anti-inflammatory inhibitor targeting COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50s of 13 μM and 370 μM, respectively.
  • HY-128463
    N-tert-Butyl-α-phenylnitrone Inhibitor >98.0%
    N-tert-Butyl-α-phenylnitrone is a nitrone-based free radical scavenger that forms nitroxide spin adducts. N-tert-Butyl-α-phenylnitrone inhibits COX2 catalytic activity. N-tert-Butyl-α-phenylnitrone has potent ROS scavenging, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, anti-aging and anti-diabetic activities, and can penetrate the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-15123
    (S)-Flurbiprofen Inhibitor 99.83%
    (S)-Flurbiprofen is an active enantiomer of Flurbiprofen, with IC50 values of 0.48 μM and 0.47 μM for COX-1 and COX-2, respectively.
  • HY-W015007
    Metyrosine Inhibitor 98.79%
    Metyrosine is a selective tyrosine hydroxylase enzyme inhibitor. Metyrosine exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcerative effects. Metyrosine significantly inhibits high COX-2 activity. Metyrosine is a very effective agent for blood pressure control.
  • HY-N0898
    Catechin Inhibitor 99.23%
    Catechin ((+)-Catechin) inhibits cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) with an IC50 of 1.4 μM.
  • HY-N0603
    20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 Inhibitor >98.0%
    20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 is the main component of Red ginseng. Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits Na+ and hKv1.4 channel with IC50s of 32.2±4.5 and 32.6±2.2 μM, respectively. 20(S)-Ginsenoside Rg3 also inhibits levels, NF-κB activity, and COX-2 expression.
  • HY-N1067
    Xanthohumol Inhibitor 99.60%
    Xanthohumol is one of the principal flavonoids isolated from hops, the inhibitor of diacylglycerol acetyltransferase (DGAT), COX-1 and COX-2, and shows anti-cancer and anti-angiogenic activities. Xanthohumol also has antiviral activity against bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), rhinovirus, HSV-1, HSV-2 and cytomegalovirus (CMV).
  • HY-N0523
    Gallic acid Inhibitor 99.85%
    Gallic acid is an antioxidant which can inhibit both COX-2.
  • HY-13913
    NS-398 Inhibitor 99.86%
    NS-398 is a non-steroidal an-inflammatory agent with analgesic and antipyretic effects, and selectively inhibits prostaglandin G/H synthase 2/cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) activity, with an IC50 of 3.8 μM, and has no effect on COX-1 at 100 μM.
  • HY-B0008
    Sulindac Inhibitor 99.78%
    Sulindac (MK-231) is a non-steroidal antiinflammatory agent, acts as a COX-2 inhibitor, and inhibits overexpression of COX-2.
  • HY-59105
    SC-560 Inhibitor 99.58%
    SC-560 is a potent and selective COX-1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 9 nM.
  • HY-B1227
    Carprofen Inhibitor 99.76%
    Carprofen is a nonsteroid anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a multi-target FAAH/COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 3.9 μM, 22.3 μM and 78.6 μM for COX-2, COX-1 and FAAH, respectively.
  • HY-B0167
    Salicylic acid Inhibitor >98.0%
    Salicylic acid (2-Hydroxybenzoic acid) inhibits cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity independently of transcription factor (NF-κB) activation.
  • HY-15030
    Naproxen Inhibitor 99.96%
    Naproxen is a COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitor with IC50s of 8.72 and 5.15 μM, respectively in cell assay.
  • HY-N0002
    (-)-Epicatechin gallate Inhibitor 98.57%
    (-)-Epicatechin gallate (Epicatechin gallate) inhibits cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) with an IC50 of 7.5 μM.
  • HY-N0001
    (-)-Epicatechin Inhibitor 99.00%
    (-)-Epicatechin inhibits cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) with an IC50 of 3.2 μM. (-)-Epicatechin inhibits the IL-1β-induced expression of iNOS by blocking the nuclear localization of the p65 subunit of NF-κB.
Isoform Specific Products

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