1. Immunology/Inflammation
    Apoptosis
  2. COX
    Apoptosis
  3. Diclofenac

Diclofenac 

Cat. No.: HY-15036 Purity: 99.98%
Handling Instructions

Diclofenac is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Diclofenac induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Diclofenac Chemical Structure

Diclofenac Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 15307-86-5

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Based on 6 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Diclofenac is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells[1], and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively[2]. Diclofenac induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade[3].

IC50 & Target[1][2]

Human COX-2

1.3 nM (IC50, in CHO cells)

Human COX-1

4 nM (IC50, in CHO cells)

Ovine COX-2

0.84 μM (IC50)

Ovine COX-1

5.1 μM (IC50)

In Vitro

Diclofenac effectively blocks COX-1 mediated prostanoid production from U937 cell microsomes, with an IC50 of 7±3 nM[1].
Diclofenac (1-60 μM; 1 day) induces neural stem cells (NSCs)death in a concentration-dependent manner[3].
Diclofenac (10-60 μM; 6 hours) increases the expression of cleaved (activated) caspase-3[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Viability Assay[3]

Cell Line: Neural stem cells (NSCs)
Concentration: 1, 3, 10, 30, 60 μM
Incubation Time: 1 day
Result: Induction of cell death was concentration-dependent and the effect was not saturated at a concentration of up to 60 μM.

Western Blot Analysis[3]

Cell Line: Neural stem cells (NSCs)
Concentration: 10, 30 or 60 μM
Incubation Time: 6 hours
Result: The activation of caspase-3 was increased in a concentration-dependent manner.
In Vivo

Diclofenac (3 mg/kg, b.i.d., for 5 days) significantly increases faecal 51Cr excretion in rats, and such effect is also observed in squirrel monkeys after administrated of 1 mg/kg twice daily for 4 days[1].
Diclofenac (10 mg/kg; administered via oral route just prior to induction of inflammation) shows in vivo anti-inflammatory activity in Wistar rats[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (150±200 g)[1]
Dosage: 3 mg/kg
Administration: Oral administration, b.i.d., for 5 days
Result: Resulted in a significant increase in faecal 51Cr excretion.
Animal Model: Wistar rats (150-175 g) bearing Formalin-induced rat foot paw edema model[2]
Dosage: 10 mg/kg
Administration: Administered via oral route just prior to induction of inflammation
Result: Showed in vivo anti-inflammatory activity (% edema inhibition=29.2, 1 h; 22.2, 3 h; 20, 6 h).
Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

296.15

Formula

C₁₄H₁₁Cl₂NO₂

CAS No.

15307-86-5

SMILES

O=C(O)CC1=CC=CC=C1NC2=C(Cl)C=CC=C2Cl

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 3.5 mg/mL (11.82 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.3767 mL 16.8833 mL 33.7667 mL
5 mM 0.6753 mL 3.3767 mL 6.7533 mL
10 mM 0.3377 mL 1.6883 mL 3.3767 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
References
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Keywords:

DiclofenacCOXApoptosisCyclooxygenaseanti-inflammatoryCOX-1COX-2CHOovineneuralstemcellsNSCscaspasecascadeInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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