1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. NO Synthase

NO Synthase

Nitric oxide synthases; NOS

Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) are a family of enzymes catalyzing the production of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine. NO synthases catalyze the oxidation of L-arginine to NO and L-citrulline. Mammals contain three NOS isoforms: neuronal NOS (nNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS), and endothelial NOS (eNOS). NO produced from these different NOS isoforms is involved in a wide range of physiologic functions in the nervous, immune, and cardiovascular systems. Unregulated NO production can lead to pathologic conditions such as stroke, inflammation, and hypertension. Therefore, the control of NOS activity by isoform selective NOS inhibitors has great potential for therapeutic treatments of NO-related diseases.

NO Synthase Related Products (169):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-13683
    Mifepristone
    Inhibitor 99.77%
    Mifepristone (RU486) is a progesterone receptor (PR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) antagonist with IC50s of 0.2 nM and 2.6 nM in in vitro assay.
  • HY-18729A
    L-NAME hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.07%
    L-NAME hydrochloride inhibits NOS with an IC50 of 70 μM. L-NAME is a precursor to NOS inhibitor L-NOARG which has an IC50 value of 1.4 μM.
  • HY-10230
    Midostaurin
    Activator
    Midostaurin (PKC412; CGP 41251) is an orally active, reversible multi-targeted protein kinase inhibitor. Midostaurin inhibits PKCα/β/γ, Syk, Flk-1, Akt, PKA, c-Kit, c-Fgr, c-Src, FLT3, PDFRβ and VEGFR1/2 with IC50s ranging from 22-500 nM. Midostaurin also upregulates endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene expression. Midostaurin shows powerful anticancer effects.
  • HY-N0455
    L-Arginine
    Activator ≥98.0%
    L-Arginine ((S)-(+)-Arginine) is the substrate for the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) to generate NO. L-Arginine is transported into vascular smooth muscle cells by the cationic amino acid transporter family of proteins where it is metabolized to nitric oxide (NO), polyamines, or L-proline.
  • HY-18731
    1400W Dihydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.65%
    1400W dihydrochloride is a potent and selective inhibitor of human inducible NO synthase with Ki values of 7 nM.
  • HY-W016412
    Coenzyme Q0
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Coenzyme Q0 (CoQ0) is a potent, oral active ubiquinone compound can be derived from Antrodia cinnamomea. Coenzyme Q0 induces apoptosis and autophagy, suppresses of HER-2/AKT/mTOR signaling to potentiate the apoptosis and autophagy mechanisms. Coenzyme Q0 regulates NFκB/AP-1 activation and enhances Nrf2 stabilization in attenuation of inflammation and redox imbalance. Coenzyme Q0 has anti-angiogenic activity through downregulation of MMP-9/NF-κB and upregulation of HO-1 signaling.
  • HY-N2908
    Atraric acid
    Inhibitor
    Atraric acid (Methyl atrarate) is a specific androgen receptor (AR) antagonist with anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects. Atraric acid represses the expression of the endogenous prostate specific antigen gene in both LNCaP and C4-2 cells. Atraric acid can also inhibit the synthesis of NO and cytokine, and suppress the MAPK-NFκB signaling pathway. Atraric acid can be used to research prostate diseases and inflammatory diseases.
  • HY-18252A
    Avanafil dibenzenesulfonate
    Inhibitor
    Avanafil (TA-1790) dibenzenesulfonate is a potent and selective phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor with IC50 values of 5.2 nM, 630 nM, 5700 nM, 6200 nM, 12000 nM, 27000 nM, 51000 nM and 53000 nM for PDE-5, PDE-6, PDE-4, PDE-10, PDE-8, PDE-7, PDE-2 and PDE-1, respectively. Avanafil dibenzenesulfonate activates NO/cGMP/PKG signaling-pathway to decrease loss in BMD, bone atrophy, and oxidative stress. Avanafil dibenzenesulfonate inhibits cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) hydrolysis and thus increases cGMP levels. Avanafil dibenzenesulfonate can be used for the research of erectile dysfunction and osteoporosis.
  • HY-121526
    S-Nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine
    Agonist 98.53%
    S-Nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP) is a nitric oxide donor and acts as a stable inhibitor of platelet aggregation.
  • HY-18732A
    L-NMMA acetate
    Inhibitor 98.58%
    L-NMMA acetate is a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor of all NOS isoforms including NOS1, NOS2, and NOS3. The Ki values for nNOS (rat), eNOS (human), and iNOS (mouse) are approximately 0.18, 0.4, and 6 µM, respectively.
  • HY-18100A
    PRE-084 hydrochloride
    Activator 99.79%
    PRE-084 hydrochloride is a highly selective σ1 receptor (S1R) agonist, with an IC50 of 44 nM. PRE-084 hydrochloride exhibits good neuroprotective effects, can improve motor function and motor neuron survival in mice. PRE-084 hydrochloride also can ameliorate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats by activating the Akt-eNOS pathway.
  • HY-14536
    Methylene Blue
    Inhibitor 98.08%
    Methylene blue (Basic Blue 9) is a guanylyl cyclase (sGC), monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) and NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor. Methylene blue is a vasopressor and is often used as a dye in several medical procedures. Methylene blue through the nitric oxide syntase/guanylate cyclase signalling pathway to reduce prepulse inhibition. Methylene blue is a REDOX cycling compound and able to cross the blood-brain barrier. Methylene blue is a Tau aggregation inhibitor. Methylene blue reduces cerebral edema, attenuated microglial activation and reduced neuroinflammation.
  • HY-N1445
    Isoquercetin
    Inhibitor 99.87%
    Isoquercetin (Quercetin 3-glucoside) is a naturally occurring polyphenol that has antioxidant, anti-proliferative, and anti-inflammatory properties. Isoquercetin alleviates ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity, oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses via the Nrf2/ARE antioxidant signaling pathway. Isoquercetin regulates the expression of nitric oxide synthase 2 (NO2) via modulating the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcription regulation system. Isoquercetin has high bioavailability and low toxicity, is a promising candidate agent to prevent birth defects in diabetic pregnancies.
  • HY-B2162
    Chondroitin sulfate
    Chondroitin sulfate, one of five classes of glycosaminoglycans, has been widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Chondroitin sulfate reduces inflammation mediators and the apoptotic process and is able to reduce protein production of inflammatory cytokines, iNOS and MMPs.
  • HY-136278
    DETA NONOate
    Activator ≥98.0%
    DETA NONOate (NOC 18) is an exogenous nitric oxide (NO) donor. DETA NONOate shows a slow release normal amounts of NO and long-acting.
  • HY-100954
    2,4-Diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine
    Inhibitor 99.97%
    2,4-Diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine is a specific GTP cyclohydrolase I inhibitor (the rate-limiting enzyme in de novo pterin synthesis). 2,4-Diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine blocks Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) synthesis and suppresses NO production.
  • HY-12116
    L-NIL
    Inhibitor 99.96%
    L-NIL is an inducible NO synthase inhibitor, with an IC50 of 3.3 μM for miNOS.
  • HY-107383
    Tetrahydrobiopterin
    99.72%
    Tetrahydrobiopterin ((Rac)-Sapropterin) is a cofactor of the aromatic amino acid hydroxylases enzymes and also acts as an essential cofactor for all nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms.
  • HY-P0117A
    Tat-NR2B9c TFA
    Inhibitor 99.67%
    Tat-NR2B9c TFA (Tat-NR2Bct TFA) is a postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95) inhibitor, with EC50 values of 6.7 nM and 670 nM for PSD-95d2 (PSD-95 PDZ domain 2) and PSD-95d1, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c TFA disrupts the PSD-95/NMDAR interaction, inhibiting NR2A and NR2B binding to PSD-95 with IC50 values of 0.5 μM and 8 μM, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c TFA also inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)/PSD-95 interaction, and possesses neuroprotective efficacy.
  • HY-B1041
    Aminoguanidine hydrochloride
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Aminoguanidine hydrochloride is a diamine oxidase and NO synthase inhibitor, reduces levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) through interacting with 3-deoxyglucosone, is an investigational drug for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.