1. Signaling Pathways
  2. GPCR/G Protein
  3. Adenylate Cyclase

Adenylate Cyclase

Adenylyl cyclases (ACs) are enzymes that catalyze the production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) from adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Adenylyl cyclases integrate positive and negative signals that act through G protein-coupled cell-surface receptors with other extracellular stimuli to finely regulate levels of cAMP within the cell. Humans express nine isoforms of membranous ACs and a soluble AC.

Based on regulatory properties, transmembrane ACs are classified into four groups: Group I: Ca2+/calmodulin-stimulated AC1, AC3, AC8; Group II: Gβγ-stimulated and Ca2+-insensitive AC2, AC4, AC7; Group III: Gαi/Ca2+/PKA-inhibited AC5, AC6; Group IV: forskolin/Ca2+/Gβγ-insensitive AC9. The soluble AC, unlike the transmembrane ACs, is insensitive to hormones, G proteins and forskolin, a diterpene extracted from the root of the plant Coleus forskohlii that directly activates all isoforms of transmembrane ACs except AC9.

Adenylate Cyclase Related Products (28):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-15371
    Forskolin
    Activator 99.82%
    Forskolin (Coleonol) is a potent adenylate cyclase activator with an IC50 of 41 nM and an EC50 of 0.5 μM for type I adenylyl cyclase. Forskolin is also an inducer of intracellular cAMP formation. Forskolin induces differentiation of various cell types and activates pregnane X receptor (PXR) and FXR. Forskolin exerts a inotropic effect on the heart, and has platelet antiaggregatory and antihypertensive actions. Forskolin also induces autophagy.
  • HY-100396
    SQ22536
    Inhibitor 98.41%
    SQ22536 is an effective adenylate cyclase (AC) inhibitor.
  • HY-P1446
    Cholera toxin
    Activator
    Cholera toxin (Choleragen), an AB(5)-subunit toxin, enters host cells by binding the ganglioside GM1 at the plasma membrane (PM) and travels retrograde through the trans-Golgi Network into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Choleragen activates adenylate cyclase by catalyzing ADP-ribosylation of Gs alpha, the stimulatory guanine nucleotide-binding protein.
  • HY-103193
    NKH477
    Activator ≥99.0%
    NKH477 (Colforsin dapropate hydrochloride) directly activates the catalytic unit of adenylate cyclase and increases intracellular cAMP. NKH477 is a forskolin derivative that improves cardiac failure mainly through its beneficial effects on diastolic cardiac function. NKH477 exerts an antiproliferative effect in vivo with an altered cytokine profile to inhibit the acute rejection of rat orthotopic lung allografts.
  • HY-135878
    2',5'-Dideoxyadenosine
    Inhibitor 99.86%
    2',5'-Dideoxyadenosine is a potent and non-competitive adenylyl cyclase inhibitor via binding the P-site with an IC50 of 3 µM . 2',5'-Dideoxyadenosine is a nucleoside analog and exerts a potent antiadrenergic action in heart.
  • HY-P0004A
    Lysipressin acetate
    Activator 99.43%
    Lysipressin (Lysine vasopressin) acetate is antidiuretic hormone that have been found in pigs and some marsupial families. Lysipressin acetate induces contraction of the rabbit urinary bladder smooth muscle, activate adenylate-cyclase.
  • HY-116530
    9-Cyclopentyladenine monomethanesulfonate
    Inhibitor 99.16%
    9-Cyclopentyladenine monomethylsulfonate (9-CP-Ade mesylate) is a stable non-competitive adenylate cyclase inhibitor with cell permeable properties.
  • HY-100524
    LRE1
    Inhibitor 99.59%
    LRE1 is a specific and allosteric inhibitor of soluble adenylyl cyclase.
  • HY-103430A
    SKF-83566
    Antagonist 99.86%
    SKF-83566 is a potent, blood-brain permeable and orally active D1-like dopamine receptor (D1DR) antagonist and a weaker competitive antagonist at the vascular 5-HT2 receptor (Ki=11 nM). SKF-83566 is a competitive DAT (dopamine transporter) inhibitor with an IC50 of 5.7 μM. SKF-83566 also shows selective inhibition for adenylyl cyclase 2 (AC2) over AC1 and AC5 in the isolated rabbit thoracic aorta. SKF-83566 can be used for research of parkinson’s disease and nicotine craving alleviation.
  • HY-B1124
    Fipexide
    Inhibitor 99.99%
    Fipexide, a parachloro-phenossiacetic acid derivative, is a nootropic drug. Fipexide reduces striatal adenylate cyclase activity. Fipexide has positive effect on cognitive performance by dopaminergic neurotransmission. Fipexide is used for senile dementia research.
  • HY-103194
    KH7
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    KH7 is a soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC)-specific inhibitor, with IC50s of 3-10 μM toward both recombinant purified human sACt protein and heterologously expressed sACt in cellular assays. KH7 is also a cAMP inhibitor.
  • HY-101279
    ST034307
    Inhibitor
    ST034307 is a potent and selective adenylyl cyclase 1 (AC1) inhibitor, with IC50 of 2.3 μM.
  • HY-103195
    NKY80
    Inhibitor 99.77%
    NKY80 is a potent, selective and non-competitive adenylyl cyclase (AC) type V isoform inhibitor with IC50s of 8.3 µM, 132 µM and 1.7 mM for type V, III and II, respectively. NKY80 is a non-nucleoside quinazolinone and regulates the AC catalytic activity in heart and lung tissues.
  • HY-132298
    TDI-10229
    Inhibitor 99.41%
    TDI-10229 is a potent and orally bioavailable inhibitor of soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC, ADCY10). TDI-10229 displays nanomolar inhibition of sAC in both biochemical and cellular assays (IC50 of 195 nM) and exhibits mouse pharmacokinetic properties sufficient to warrant its use as an in vivo tool compound.
  • HY-P0004
    Lysipressin
    Activator
    Lysipressin (Lysine vasopressin) is antidiuretic hormone that have been found in pigs and some marsupial families. Lysipressin induces contraction of the rabbit urinary bladder smooth muscle, activate adenylate-cyclase.
  • HY-14425
    NB001
    Inhibitor 98.21%
    NB001 (HTS 09836) is an adenylcyclase 1 (AC1) inhibitor which has effect on neural and non-neural pain by modulating AC1 activity.
  • HY-P1495
    Small Cardioactive Peptide B (SCPB)
    Activator 98.10%
    Small Cardioactive Peptide B (SCPB), a neurally active peptide, stimulates adenylate cyclase activity in particulate fractions of both heart and gill tissues with EC50s of 0.1 and 1.0 μM, respectively.
  • HY-101862
    CB-7921220
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    CB-7921220 is an adenylate cyclase inhibitor.
  • HY-103430
    SKF-83566 hydrobromide
    Antagonist
    SKF-83566 hydrobromide is a potent, blood-brain permeable and orally active D1-like dopamine receptor (D1DR) antagonist and a weaker competitive antagonist at the vascular 5-HT2 receptor (Ki=11 nM). SKF-83566 is a competitive DAT (dopamine transporter) inhibitor with an IC50 of 5.7 μM. SKF-83566 also shows selective inhibition for adenylyl cyclase 2 (AC2) over AC1 and AC5 in the isolated rabbit thoracic aorta. SKF-83566 can be used for the research of parkinson’s disease and nicotine craving alleviation.
  • HY-100767
    Guanylyl Imidodiphosphate trisodium
    Activator
    Guanylyl Imidodiphosphate (Guanosine 5'-[β,γ-imido]triphosphate) trisodium is a non-hydrolysable GTP analogue, an activator of ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) and a potent stimulator of adenylate cyclase. Imidodiphosphate trisodium can be used in protein synthesis studies.