1. Signaling Pathways
  2. GPCR/G Protein
  3. Adenylate Cyclase

Adenylate Cyclase

Adenylyl cyclases (ACs) are enzymes that catalyze the production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) from adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Adenylyl cyclases integrate positive and negative signals that act through G protein-coupled cell-surface receptors with other extracellular stimuli to finely regulate levels of cAMP within the cell. Humans express nine isoforms of membranous ACs and a soluble AC.

Based on regulatory properties, transmembrane ACs are classified into four groups: Group I: Ca2+/calmodulin-stimulated AC1, AC3, AC8; Group II: Gβγ-stimulated and Ca2+-insensitive AC2, AC4, AC7; Group III: Gαi/Ca2+/PKA-inhibited AC5, AC6; Group IV: forskolin/Ca2+/Gβγ-insensitive AC9. The soluble AC, unlike the transmembrane ACs, is insensitive to hormones, G proteins and forskolin, a diterpene extracted from the root of the plant Coleus forskohlii that directly activates all isoforms of transmembrane ACs except AC9.

Adenylate Cyclase Related Products (17):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-15371
    Forskolin Activator ≥98.0%
    Forskolin (Coleonol) is a potent adenylate cyclase activator with an IC50 of 41 nM and an EC50 of 0.5 μM for type I adenylyl cyclase. Forskolin is also an inducer of intracellular cAMP formation. Forskolin induces differentiation of various cell types and activates pregnane X receptor (PXR) and FXR. Forskolin exerts a inotropic effect on the heart, and has platelet antiaggregatory and antihypertensive actions. Forskolin also induces autophagy.
  • HY-100396
    SQ22536 Inhibitor 99.65%
    SQ22536 is an effective adenylate cyclase (AC) inhibitor.
  • HY-B1124
    Fipexide Inhibitor 99.99%
    Fipexide, a parachloro-phenossiacetic acid derivative, is a nootropic drug. Fipexide reduces striatal adenylate cyclase activity. Fipexide has positive effect on cognitive performance by dopaminergic neurotransmission. Fipexide is used for senile dementia research.
  • HY-135878
    2',5'-Dideoxyadenosine Inhibitor 99.86%
    2',5'-Dideoxyadenosine is a potent and non-competitive adenylyl cyclase inhibitor via binding the P-site with an IC50 of 3 µM . 2',5'-Dideoxyadenosine is a nucleoside analog and exerts a potent antiadrenergic action in heart.
  • HY-103193
    NKH477 Activator ≥99.0%
    NKH477 (Colforsin dapropate hydrochloride) directly activates the catalytic unit of adenylate cyclase and increases intracellular cAMP. NKH477 is a forskolin derivative that improves cardiac failure mainly through its beneficial effects on diastolic cardiac function. NKH477 exerts an antiproliferative effect in vivo with an altered cytokine profile to inhibit the acute rejection of rat orthotopic lung allografts.
  • HY-132298
    TDI-10229 Inhibitor
    TDI-10229 is a potent and orally bioavailable inhibitor of soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC, ADCY10). TDI-10229 displays nanomolar inhibition of sAC in both biochemical and cellular assays (IC50 of 195 nM) and exhibits mouse pharmacokinetic properties sufficient to warrant its use as an in vivo tool compound.
  • HY-103430A
    SKF-83566 Antagonist 99.86%
    SKF-83566 is a potent, blood-brain permeable and orally active D1-like dopamine receptor (D1DR) antagonist and a weaker competitive antagonist at the vascular 5-HT2 receptor (Ki=11 nM). SKF-83566 is a competitive DAT (dopamine transporter) inhibitor with an IC50 of 5.7 μM. SKF-83566 also shows selective inhibition for adenylyl cyclase 2 (AC2) over AC1 and AC5 in the isolated rabbit thoracic aorta. SKF-83566 can be used for research of parkinson’s disease and nicotine craving alleviation.
  • HY-101279
    ST034307 Inhibitor
    ST034307 is a potent and selective adenylyl cyclase 1 (AC1) inhibitor, with IC50 of 2.3 μM.
  • HY-100524
    LRE1 Inhibitor 99.59%
    LRE1 is a specific and allosteric inhibitor of soluble adenylyl cyclase.
  • HY-103194
    KH7 Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    KH7 is a soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC)-specific inhibitor, with IC50s of 3-10 μM toward both recombinant purified human sACt protein and heterologously expressed sACt in cellular assays. KH7 is also a cAMP inhibitor.
  • HY-103195
    NKY80 Inhibitor 99.77%
    NKY80 is a potent, selective and non-competitive adenylyl cyclase (AC) type V isoform inhibitor with IC50s of 8.3 µM, 132 µM and 1.7 mM for type V, III and II, respectively. NKY80 is a non-nucleoside quinazolinone and regulates the AC catalytic activity in heart and lung tissues.
  • HY-14425
    NB001 Inhibitor 98.21%
    NB001 (HTS 09836) is an adenylcyclase 1 (AC1) inhibitor which has effect on neural and non-neural pain by modulating AC1 activity.
  • HY-101862
    CB-7921220 Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    CB-7921220 is an adenylate cyclase inhibitor.
  • HY-103430
    SKF-83566 hydrobromide Antagonist
    SKF-83566 hydrobromide is a potent, blood-brain permeable and orally active D1-like dopamine receptor (D1DR) antagonist and a weaker competitive antagonist at the vascular 5-HT2 receptor (Ki=11 nM). SKF-83566 is a competitive DAT (dopamine transporter) inhibitor with an IC50 of 5.7 μM. SKF-83566 also shows selective inhibition for adenylyl cyclase 2 (AC2) over AC1 and AC5 in the isolated rabbit thoracic aorta. SKF-83566 can be used for the research of parkinson’s disease and nicotine craving alleviation.
  • HY-P1495
    Small Cardioactive Peptide B (SCPB) Activator 98.10%
    Small Cardioactive Peptide B (SCPB), a neurally active peptide, stimulates adenylate cyclase activity in particulate fractions of both heart and gill tissues with EC50s of 0.1 and 1.0 μM, respectively.
  • HY-P1852
    TIP 39, Tuberoinfundibular Neuropeptide Activator
    TIP 39, Tuberoinfundibular Neuropeptide is a neuropeptide and parathyroid hormone 2 receptor (PTH2R) agonist. TIP 39 is highly conserved among species. TIP39 from all species activates adenylyl cyclase and elevates intracellular calcium levels through parathyroid hormone 2 receptor (PTH2R).
  • HY-B1124A
    Fipexide hydrochloride Inhibitor
    Fipexide hydrochloride, a parachloro-phenossiacetic acid derivative, is a nootropic drug. Fipexide hydrochloride reduces striatal adenylate cyclase activity. Fipexide hydrochloride has positive effect on cognitive performance by dopaminergic neurotransmission. Fipexide hydrochloride is used for senile dementia research.
Isoform Specific Products

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