1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
    Cytoskeleton
  3. Microtubule/Tubulin

Microtubule/Tubulin

Microtubules are a component of the cytoskeleton, found throughout the cytoplasm. These tubular polymers of tubulin can grow as long as 50 micrometres, with an average length of 25 µm, and are highly dynamic. The outer diameter of a microtubule is about 24 nm while the inner diameter is about 12 nm. Microtubules are found in eukaryotic cells and are formed by the polymerization of a dimer of two globular proteins, alpha and beta tubulin. Tubulin is one of several members of a small family of globular proteins. The tubulin superfamily includes five distinct families, the alpha-, beta-, gamma-, delta-, and epsilon-tubulins and a sixth family which is present only in kinetoplastid protozoa. The most common members of the tubulin family are α-tubulin and β-tubulin, the proteins that make up microtubules. Microtubules are very important in a number of cellular processes. They are involved in maintaining the structure of the cell.

Microtubule/Tubulin Related Products (107):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-B0015
    Paclitaxel Inhibitor 99.97%
    Paclitaxel (Taxol), a naturally occurring antineoplastic agent, stabilizes tubulin polymerization, resulting in arrest at the G2/M phase of the cell cycle and apoptotic cell death.
  • HY-B0011
    Docetaxel Inhibitor 99.93%
    Docetaxel is an antineoplastic drug by inhibiting microtubule depolymerization, and attenuating of the effects of bcl-2 and bcl-xL gene expression.
  • HY-13520
    Nocodazole Inhibitor 98.68%
    Nocodazole is a rapidly-reversible inhibitor of microtubule. Nocodazole binds to β-tubulin and disrupts microtubule assembly/disassembly dynamics, which prevents mitosis and induces apoptosis in tumor cells. Nocodazole inhibits Bcr-Abl, activates CRISPR/Cas9.
  • HY-15162
    Monomethyl auristatin E Inhibitor 99.94%
    Monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE; SGD-1010) is a synthetic derivative of dolastatin 10 and functions as a potent mitotic inhibitor by inhibiting tubulin polymerization. MMAE is widely used as a cytotoxic component of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) to treat several different cancer types.
  • HY-N0488
    Vincristine sulfate Inhibitor 99.66%
    Vincristine sulfate is an antitumor vinca alkaloid which inhibits microtubule formation in mitotic spindle, resulting in an arrest of dividing cells at the metaphase stage. It binds to microtubule with a Ki of 85 nM.
  • HY-14444
    Plinabulin
    Plinabulin (NPI-2358) is a vascular disrupting agents (VDA) against tubulin-depolymerizing with IC50 of 9.8~18 nM in tumor cells.
  • HY-13598
    Valecobulin Inhibitor
    Valecobulin (CKD516), a valine prodrug of (S516) and a vascular disrupting agent (VDA), is a potent beta-tubulin polymerization inhibitor with marked antitumor activity against murine and human solid tumors.
  • HY-N2346
    Tubulysin E Inhibitor
    Tubulysin E is a highly cytotoxic peptide isolated from the myxobacterial species Archangium geophyra and Angiococcus disciformis. Tubulysin displays extremely potent cytotoxic activity in mammalian cells, including multidrug-resistant cell lines, with IC50 values in the lower nanomolar range. Tubulysin E is a cytotoxic activity tubulysin which inhibits tubulin polymerization and leads to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.
  • HY-15575
    VcMMAE Inhibitor 99.89%
    VcMMAE is a drug-linker conjugate for ADC with potent antitumor activity by using the anti-mitotic agent, monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE), linked via the lysosomally cleavable dipeptide, valine-citrulline (vc).
  • HY-16569
    Colchicine Inhibitor 99.98%
    Colchicine is a tubulin inhibitor and a microtubule disrupting agent. Colchicine inhibits microtubule polymerization with an IC50 of 3 nM.
  • HY-19792
    Mertansine Inhibitor 98.74%
    Mertansine (DM1) is a microtubulin inhibitor and is an antibody-conjugatable maytansinoid that is developed to overcome systemic toxicity associated with maytansine and to enhance tumor-specific delivery. Mertansine can be attached to a monoclonal antibody with a linker to create an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC).
  • HY-13442A
    Eribulin mesylate Inhibitor 99.52%
    Eribulin mesylate (E7389 mesylate) is a microtubule targeting agent that is used in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. Eribulin mesylate (E7389 mesylate) inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells by binding microtubule proteins and microtubules.
  • HY-15162A
    D8-MMAE Inhibitor 98.31%
    D8-MMAE is a deuterated labeled MMAE, a potent mitotic inhibitor.
  • HY-12033
    2-Methoxyestradiol Inhibitor 99.82%
    2-Methoxyestradiol is an angiogenesis inhibitor and apoptosis inducer with potent antineoplastic activity. 2-Methoxyestradiol also destablize microtubules.
  • HY-12053A
    Vinorelbine ditartrate Inhibitor 99.58%
    Vinorelbine (ditartrate) is an anti-mitotic agent which inhibits the proliferation of Hela cells with IC50 of 1.25 nM.
  • HY-13780
    Vinblastine sulfate Inhibitor 99.87%
    Vinblastine sulfate is a cytotoxic alkaloid used against various cancer types. Vinblastine sulfate inhibits the formation of microtubule and suppresses nAChR with an IC50 of 8.9 μM.
  • HY-15278
    Epothilone D Inhibitor 99.93%
    Epothilone D (KOS 862) is a potent microtubule stabilizer.
  • HY-15459
    Cabazitaxel Inhibitor 99.96%
    Cabazitaxel is a semi-synthetic derivative of the natural taxoid 10-deacetylbaccatin III with potential antineoplastic activity.
  • HY-17029
    Epothilone B Inhibitor 99.88%
    Epothilone B is a microtubule stabilizer with a Ki of 0.71μM. It acts by binding to the αβ-tubulin heterodimer subunit which causes decreasing of αβ-tubulin dissociation.
  • HY-15578
    McMMAF Inhibitor 99.58%
    Mc-MMAF is a protective group-conjugated MMAF.
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