1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  3. Antifolate

Antifolate

Antifolates agents work by antagonizing (blocking) the actions of folic acid (vitamin B9). Antifolates act specifically during DNA and RNA synthesis, exerting a cytotoxic effect during the S- phase of the cell cycle. Antifolates targeting folate metabolism played a pivotal role in drug treatment of malignant, microbial, parasitic and chronic inflammatory diseases.

Folate (folic acid) cofactors are essential for the synthesis and metabolism of amino acids, consequently antifolates inhibit cell division, DNA/RNA synthesis and repair and protein synthesis. Some such as Proguanil, Pyrimethamine and Trimethoprim selectively inhibit folate's actions in microbial organisms such as bacteria, protozoa and fungi. Major antifolate enzyme targets and exemplary antifolates that target these enzymes include: dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), thymidylate synthase (TS), GARFTase and AICARFTase.

Antifolate Related Products (38):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-14519
    Methotrexate 99.87%
    Methotrexate (Amethopterin), an antimetabolite and antifolate agent, inhibits the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase, thereby preventing the conversion of folic acid into tetrahydrofolate, and inhibiting DNA synthesis. Methotrexate, also an immunosuppressant and antineoplastic agent, is used for the research of rheumatoid arthritis and a number of different cancers (such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia).
  • HY-10820
    Pemetrexed 99.95%
    Pemetrexed (LY231514) is an antifolate, the Ki values of the pentaglutamate of Pemetrexed (LY231514) are 1.3, 7.2, and 65 nM for inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), respectively.
  • HY-13664
    Folinic acid calcium Chemical ≥98.0%
    Folinic acid calcium (Leucovorin calcium) is a biological folic acid and is generally administered along with methotrexate (MTX) as a rescue agent to decrease MTX-induced toxicity.
  • HY-B0510
    Trimethoprim 99.96%
    Trimethoprim is a bacteriostatic antibiotic and an orally active dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor. Trimethoprim is active against a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobic bacteria. Trimethoprim has the potential for urinary tract infections, Shigellosis and Pneumocystis pneumonia treatment.
  • HY-10820A
    Pemetrexed disodium 99.99%
    Pemetrexed disodium (LY231514 disodium) is an antifolate, the Kis of the pentaglutamate of Pemetrexed disodium are 1.3, 7.2, and 65 nM for inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), respectively.
  • HY-12784S
    Cycloguanil D6 ≥98.0%
    Cycloguanil D6 is the deuterium labeled Cycloguanil, which is a dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor.
  • HY-117058
    LY243246
    LY243246 ((6S)-DDATHF), the 6S diastereomer of DDATHF, is a potent competitive inhibitor of 5’-phosphoribosylglycinamide formyltransferase (GAR transformylase). 6R- and 6S-diastereomers of DDATHF are remarkably similar and equiactive antimetabolites inhibitory to de novo purine synthesis.
  • HY-18062S
    Pyrimethamine-d3
    Pyrimethamine-d3 (Pirimecidan-d3) is the deuterium labeled Pyrimethamine. Pyrimethamine is a medication used for protozoal infections; interferes with tetrahydrofolic acid synthesis from folic acid by inhibiting the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR).
  • HY-10446
    Pralatrexate
    Pralatrexate is an antifolate and is a potent dihydrofolate reductasean (DHFR) inhibitor with a Ki of 13.4 pM. Pralatrexate is a substrate for folylpolyglutamate synthetase with improved cellular uptake and retention. Pralatrexate has antitumor activities and has the potential for relapsed/refractory T-cell lymphoma treatment.
  • HY-18062
    Pyrimethamine 99.94%
    Pyrimethamine(RP4753) is a medication used for protozoal infections; interferes with tetrahydrofolic acid synthesis from folic acid by inhibiting the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR).
  • HY-116387
    WR99210 99.57%
    WR99210 is a effective inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) with an IC50 of <0.075 nM. WR99210 is effective against the most pyrimethamine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum strains.
  • HY-17556
    Folinic acid Chemical 99.90%
    Folinic acid (Leucovorin) is a biological folic acid and is generally administered along with methotrexate (MTX) as a rescue agent to decrease MTX-induced toxicity.
  • HY-13667
    Levoleucovorin Calcium Chemical 99.50%
    Levoleucovorin calcium is the calcium salt of Levoleucovorin, which is the enantiomerically active form of folinic acid.
  • HY-B0806
    Proguanil 99.84%
    Proguanil, an antimalarial prodrug, is metabolized to the active metabolite Cycloguanil (HY-12784). Proguanil is a dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitor.
  • HY-B0080
    Folinic acid calcium salt pentahydrate
    Folinic acid calcium salt pentahydrate (Leucovorin calcium salt pentahydrate) is a biological folic acid and is generally administered along with methotrexate (MTX) as a rescue agent to decrease MTX-induced toxicity.
  • HY-14530
    Pelitrexol 99.83%
    Pelitrexol (AG 2037) is an inhibitor of glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT).
  • HY-14519A
    Methotrexate disodium 98.26%
    Methotrexate (Amethopterin) disodium, an antimetabolite and antifolate agent, inhibits the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase, thereby preventing the conversion of folic acid into tetrahydrofolate, and inhibiting DNA synthesis. Methotrexate disodium, also an immunosuppressant and antineoplastic agent, is used for the research of rheumatoid arthritis and a number of different cancers (such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia).
  • HY-14518
    Aminopterin Antagonist
    Aminopterin (4-Aminofolic acid), the 4-amino derivative of folic acid, is a folic acid antagonist. Aminopterin catalyses the reduction of folic acid to tetrahydrofolic acid, and competitively inhibits dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) with a Ki of 3.7 pM. Aminopterin has anticancer and immunosuppressive activity. Aminopterin is used in treatment of pediatric leukemia.
  • HY-13781
    Pemetrexed disodium hemipenta hydrate 99.30%
    Pemetrexed disodium hemipenta hydrate is a novel antifolate, the Ki values of the pentaglutamate of LY231514 are 1.3, 7.2, and 65 nM for inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), respectively.
  • HY-107981
    LSN 3213128 99.75%
    LSN 3213128 is a selective, nonclassical, orally bioavailable antifolate with potent and specific inhibitory activity for aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (AICARFT), with IC50 of 16 nM for AICARFT enzyme inhibiton and 19 nM in cells. Anti-tumor activity.
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