1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  3. Antifolate

Antifolate

Antifolates agents work by antagonizing (blocking) the actions of folic acid (vitamin B9). Antifolates act specifically during DNA and RNA synthesis, exerting a cytotoxic effect during the S- phase of the cell cycle. Antifolates targeting folate metabolism played a pivotal role in drug treatment of malignant, microbial, parasitic and chronic inflammatory diseases.

Folate (folic acid) cofactors are essential for the synthesis and metabolism of amino acids, consequently antifolates inhibit cell division, DNA/RNA synthesis and repair and protein synthesis. Some such as Proguanil, Pyrimethamine and Trimethoprim selectively inhibit folate's actions in microbial organisms such as bacteria, protozoa and fungi. Major antifolate enzyme targets and exemplary antifolates that target these enzymes include: dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), thymidylate synthase (TS), GARFTase and AICARFTase.

Antifolate Related Products (61):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-14519
    Methotrexate
    99.87%
    Methotrexate (Amethopterin), an antimetabolite and antifolate agent, inhibits the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase, thereby preventing the conversion of folic acid into tetrahydrofolate, and inhibiting DNA synthesis. Methotrexate, also an immunosuppressant and antineoplastic agent, is used for the research of rheumatoid arthritis and a number of different cancers (such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia).
  • HY-10820
    Pemetrexed
    99.95%
    Pemetrexed (LY231514) is an antifolate, the Ki values of the pentaglutamate of Pemetrexed (LY231514) are 1.3, 7.2, and 65 nM for inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), respectively.
  • HY-13664
    Folinic acid calcium
    Chemical 99.38%
    Folinic acid calcium (Leucovorin calcium) is a biological folic acid and is generally administered along with methotrexate (MTX) as a rescue agent to decrease MTX-induced toxicity.
  • HY-B0510
    Trimethoprim
    99.96%
    Trimethoprim is a bacteriostatic antibiotic and an orally active dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor. Trimethoprim is active against a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobic bacteria. Trimethoprim has the potential for the research of urinary tract infections, Shigellosis and Pneumocystis pneumonia. Trimethoprim can inhibit infection of Influenza A virus in chick embryo when combinated with zinc.
  • HY-17556
    Folinic acid
    Chemical 99.90%
    Folinic acid (Leucovorin) is a biological folic acid and is generally administered along with Methotrexate (MTX) as a rescue agent to decrease MTX-induced toxicity.
  • HY-10820B
    Pemetrexed disodium heptahydrate
    Inhibitor 99.97%
    Pemetrexed disodium heptahydrate is a novel antifolate, the Ki values of the pentaglutamate of LY231514 are 1.3, 7.2, and 65 nM for inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), respectively.
  • HY-B0510A
    Trimethoprim sulfate
    Trimethoprim sulfate is a bacteriostatic antibiotic and an orally active dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor. Trimethoprim sulfate is active against a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobic bacteria. Trimethoprim sulfate has the potential for the research of urinary tract infections, Shigellosis and Pneumocystis pneumonia. Trimethoprim sulfate can inhibit infection of Influenza A virus in chick embryo when combinated with zinc.
  • HY-P99225
    Mirvetuximab
    Mirvetuximab (M9346A) is an anti-FOLR1 (folate receptor 1) monoclonal antibody. Mirvetuximab is the antibody moiety of novel folate receptor alpha (FRα)-targeting ADC (Mirvetuximab soravtansine). Mirvetuximab soravtansine can be used in ovarian and other FRα-positive cancer research.
  • HY-10820A
    Pemetrexed disodium
    99.23%
    Pemetrexed disodium (LY231514 disodium) is an antifolate, the Kis of the pentaglutamate of Pemetrexed disodium are 1.3, 7.2, and 65 nM for inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), respectively.
  • HY-18062
    Pyrimethamine
    99.94%
    Pyrimethamine (Pirimecidan) is a potent, orally active dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitor. Pyrimethamine is an antimalarial agent. Pyrimethamine affects the nucleoprotein metabolism of malarial parasites by interference in the folic–folinic acid systems and affects cell division by inhibiting the conversion of dihydrofolate to tetrahydrofolate.
  • HY-10446
    Pralatrexate
    99.23%
    Pralatrexate is an antifolate and is a potent dihydrofolate reductasean (DHFR) inhibitor with a Ki of 13.4 pM. Pralatrexate is a substrate for folylpolyglutamate synthetase with improved cellular uptake and retention. Pralatrexate has antitumor activities and has the potential for relapsed/refractory T-cell lymphoma treatment.
  • HY-116387
    WR99210
    99.57%
    WR99210 is a effective inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) with an IC50 of <0.075 nM. WR99210 is effective against the most pyrimethamine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum strains.
  • HY-14519A
    Methotrexate disodium
    98.26%
    Methotrexate (Amethopterin) disodium, an antimetabolite and antifolate agent, inhibits the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase, thereby preventing the conversion of folic acid into tetrahydrofolate, and inhibiting DNA synthesis. Methotrexate disodium, also an immunosuppressant and antineoplastic agent, is used for the research of rheumatoid arthritis and a number of different cancers (such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia).
  • HY-10373
    Trimetrexate
    99.45%
    Trimetrexate (CI-898) is an antibiotic, also a potent and orally active dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitor, reducing the production of DNA and RNA precursors and leading to cell death, with IC50 values of 4.74 nM and 1.35 nM for human DHFR and Toxoplasma gondii DHFR. Trimetrexate can also inhibit the growth of various cancer cells. Trimetrexate can be used for researching Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and cancer.
  • HY-B0080
    Folinic acid calcium salt pentahydrate
    ≥98.0%
    Folinic acid calcium salt pentahydrate (Leucovorin calcium salt pentahydrate) is a biological folic acid and is generally administered along with methotrexate (MTX) as a rescue agent to decrease MTX-induced toxicity.
  • HY-13667
    Levoleucovorin Calcium
    Chemical 99.52%
    Levoleucovorin Calcium (Calcium levofolinate), a levo isoform of Leucovorin Calcium (HY-13664), possesses antineoplastic effects. Levoleucovorin Calcium is also an augmentor of 5-fluorouracil (HY-90006) cytotoxicity against cancer.
  • HY-B0806
    Proguanil
    99.84%
    Proguanil, an antimalarial prodrug, is metabolized to the active metabolite Cycloguanil (HY-12784). Proguanil is a dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitor.
  • HY-14530
    Pelitrexol
    99.83%
    Pelitrexol (AG 2037) is an inhibitor of glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), a purine biosynthetic enzyme. Pelitrexol also inhibits mTORC1 by reducing GTP-bound Rheb level, a mTORC1 obligate activator. Pelitrexol shows robust tumor growth suppression in mice.
  • HY-107981
    LSN 3213128
    99.75%
    LSN 3213128 is a selective, nonclassical, orally bioavailable antifolate with potent and specific inhibitory activity for aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (AICARFT), with IC50 of 16 nM for AICARFT enzyme inhibiton and 19 nM in cells. Anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-B0510C
    Trimethoprim lactate
    99.57%
    Trimethoprim lactate is a bacteriostatic antibiotic and an orally active dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor. Trimethoprim lactate is active against a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobic bacteria. Trimethoprim lactate has the potential for the research of urinary tract infections, Shigellosis and Pneumocystis pneumonia. Trimethoprim lactate can inhibit infection of Influenza A virus in chick embryo when combinated with zinc.