1. Apoptosis
  2. Apoptosis

Apoptosis

Apoptosis is a distinctive form of cell death exhibiting specific morphological and biochemical characteristics, including cell membrane blebbing, chromatin condensation, genomic DNA fragmentation, and exposure of specific phagocytosis signaling molecules on the cell surface. Cells undergoing apoptosis differ from those dying through necrosis. Necrotic cells are usually recognized by the immune system as a danger signal and, thus, resulting in inflammation; in contrast, apoptotic death is quiet and orderly.

There are two major pathways of apoptotic cell death induction: The intrinsic pathway, also called the Bcl-2-regulated or mitochondrial pathway, is activated by various developmental cues or cytotoxic insults, such as viral infection, DNA damage and growth-factor deprivation, and is strictly controlled by the BCL-2 family of proteins. The extrinsic or death-receptor pathway is triggered by ligation of death receptors (members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family, such as Fas or TNF receptor-1 (TNFR1)) that contain an intracellular death domain, which can recruit and activate caspase-8 through the adaptor protein Fas-associated death domain (FADD; also known as MORT1) at the cell surface. This recruitment causes subsequent activation of downstream (effector) caspases, such as caspase-3, -6 or -7, without any involvement of the BCL-2 family.

Studies suggest that alterations in cell survival contribute to the pathogenesis of a number of human diseases, including cancer, viral infections, autoimmune diseases, neurodegenerative disorders, and AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Treatments designed to specifically alter the apoptotic threshold may have the potential to change the natural progression of some of these diseases.

Apoptosis Related Products (40):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17394
    Cisplatin Activator >99.0%
    Cisplatin is a potent inducer of growth arrest and/or apoptosis in most cell types.
  • HY-N0848
    Epibrassinolide Activator >98.00%
    Epibrassinolide is a natural brassinosteroid (BR) derivative, is a plant regulator with a similar structure to mammalian steroids. Epibrassinolide is a potential apoptotic inducer in various cancer cells without affecting the non-tumor cell growth.
  • HY-14808
    Adarotene Activator 99.15%
    Adarotene is an effective apoptosis inducer, which surprisingly produces DNA damage and exhibites a potent antiproliferative activity on a large panel of human tumor cells.
  • HY-12040
    Elesclomol Activator 99.80%
    Elesclomol is a novel potent oxidative stress inducer that elicits pro-apoptosis events among tumor cells.
  • HY-101103
    (2-Hydroxypropyl)-β-cyclodextrin
    (2-Hydroxypropyl)-β-cyclodextrin is a widely used drug delivery vehicle to improve the stability and bioavailability.
  • HY-10529
    Betulinic acid Activator 98.58%
    Betulinic acid is a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid, acts as a eukaryotic topoisomerase I inhibitor, with an IC50 of 5 μM, and possesses anti-HIV, anti-malarial, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties.
  • HY-15097
    Myricetin Activator 99.41%
    Myricetin is a common plant-derived flavonoid with a wide range of activities including strong anti-oxidant, anticancer, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-N0052A
    Sanguinarine chloride Activator
    Sanguinarine chloride, a benzophenanthridine alkaloid derived from the root of Sanguinaria Canadensis, can stimulate apoptosis via activating the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Sanguinarine-induced apoptosis is associated with the activation of JNK and NF-κB.
  • HY-50936
    Trabectedin Activator
    Trabectedin (Ecteinascidin-743 or ET-743) is a novel antitumour agent of marine origin with potent antitumour activity both in vitro and in vivo.
  • HY-N2027
    Taurochenodeoxycholic acid Activator 99.80%
    Taurochenodeoxycholic acid is one of the main bioactive substances of animals' bile acid.
  • HY-N0605
    Ginsenoside Rh2 Activator >98.0%
    Ginsenoside Rh2 is isolated from the root of Ginseng. Ginsenoside Rh2 induces the activation of caspase-8 and caspase-9. Ginsenoside Rh2 induces cancer cell apoptosis in a multi-path manner.
  • HY-N0083
    Betulin Activator >98.0%
    Betulin (Trochol), is a sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) inhibitor with an IC50 of 14.5 μM in K562 cell line.
  • HY-100738
    Ubiquitin Isopeptidase Inhibitor I, G5 Activator >98.0%
    Ubiquitin Isopeptidase Inhibitor I, G5 (NSC 144303) is an apoptosome-independent caspase and apoptosis activator with IC50 values of 1.76 and 1.6 μM in E1A and E1A/C9DN cells, respectively.
  • HY-N0780
    Isoalantolactone Activator 99.92%
    Isoalantolactone is an apoptosis inducer, which also acts as an alkylating agent.
  • HY-13680
    Meisoindigo Activator
    Meisoindigo(Natura-α; N-Methylisoindigotin; Dian III), a derivative of Indigo naturalis, might induce apoptosis and myeloid differentiation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • HY-N0036
    Costunolide Activator 99.62%
    Costunolide, a sesquiterpene lactone, exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties and mediates apoptosis.
  • HY-N0011
    Baohuoside I Activator 98.96%
    Baohuoside I (Icariside-II) is a component of Epimedium koreanum; a regulator of CXCR4 expression as well as function in cervical cancer and breast cancer cells; Apoptosis inducer.
  • HY-14615
    [6]-Gingerol Activator 98.01%
    [6]-Gingerol is an active compound isolated from Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc), exhibits a variety of biological activities including anticancer, anti-inflammation, and anti-oxidation.
  • HY-13915
    NSC348884 Activator 99.92%
    NSC348884 is a nucleophosmin inhibitor disrupts oligomer formation and induces apoptosis, inhibits cell proliferation at an IC50 of 1.7-4.0 μM in distinct cancer cell lines.
  • HY-N0120A
    Polydatin 98.42%
    Polydatin (Piceid), extracted from the roots of Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb, a widely used traditional Chinese remedies, possesses anti-inflammatory activity in several experimental models.
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