1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Anti-infection
  3. HIV

HIV

HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells. HIV infects vital cells in the human immune system such as helper T cells (specifically CD4+ T cells), macrophages, and dendritic cells. HIV infection leads to low levels of CD4+ T cells through a number of mechanisms, including apoptosis of uninfected bystander cells, direct viral killing of infected cells, and killing of infected CD4+ T cells by CD8 cytotoxic lymphocytes that recognize infected cells. When CD4+ T cell numbers decline below a critical level, cell-mediated immunity is lost, and the body becomes progressively more susceptible to opportunistic infections.

HIV Related Products (192):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-15142
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.47%
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride is a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic for the treatment of multiple cancers. The possible mechanisms by which doxorubicin acts in the cancer cell are intercalation into DNA and disruption of topoisomerase-II-mediated DNA repair. Doxorubicin hydrochloride reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK and its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase.
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine diphosphate Inhibitor 99.94%
    Chloroquine diphosphate is an inhibitor of autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs). Chloroquine diphosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory drug widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • HY-90006
    5-Fluorouracil Inhibitor 99.86%
    5-Fluorouracil is a potent antitumor agent that affects pyrimidine synthesis by inhibiting thymidylate synthetase thus depleting intracellular dTTP pools.
  • HY-10221
    Vorinostat Inhibitor 99.90%
    Vorinostat is a potent and orally available inhibitor of HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3 (Class I), HDAC7 (Class II) and HDAC11 (Class IV ), with ID50 values of 10 nM and 20 nM for HDAC1 and HDAC3, respectively.
  • HY-10224
    Panobinostat Inhibitor 98.42%
    Panobinostat is an orally bioavailable non-selective histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor.
  • HY-13516
    Aloperine Inhibitor >98.0%
    Aloperine is an alkaloid in sophora plants such as Sophora alopecuroides L, which has shown anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-virus properties. Aloperine is widely used to treat patients with allergic contact dermatitis eczema and other skin inflammation in China. Aloperine induces apoptosis and autophagy in HL-60 cells.
  • HY-N0365
    Sennoside A Inhibitor 99.71%
    Sennoside A is an anthraquinone glycoside, found in large quantities in leaves and pods of Senna (Cassia angustifolia). Sennoside A is a HIV-1 inhibitor effective on HIV-1 replication.
  • HY-N1372A
    Fangchinoline Inhibitor 99.92%
    Fangchinoline is isolated from Stephania tetrandra with extensive biological activities, such as enhancing immunity, anti-inflammatory sterilization and anti-atherosclerosis. Fangchinoline, a novel HIV-1 inhibitor, inhibits HIV-1 replication by impairing gp160 proteolytic processing. Fangchinoline targets Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and suppresses FAK-mediated signaling pathway in tumor cells which highly expressed FAK. Fangchinoline induces apoptosis and adaptive autophagy in bladder cancer.
  • HY-13653
    (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate Inhibitor 99.91%
    (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate is a tea flavonoid with potent antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and anticarcinogenic properties. (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate is reported to inhibit EGFR signaling and thereby exert anticancer effects. (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) is a glutamate dehydrogenase 1/2 (GDH1/2, GLUD1/2) inhibitor.
  • HY-10585
    Valproic acid Inhibitor 98.67%
    Valproic acid (VPA; 2-Propylpentanoic Acid) is an HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid sodium salt is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and prevention of migraine headaches.
  • HY-16591
    Birinapant Inhibitor 99.36%
    Birinapant (TL32711), a bivalent Smac mimetic, is a potent antagonist for XIAP and cIAP1 with Kds of 45 nM and less than 1 nM, respectively. Birinapant (TL32711) induces the autoubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of cIAP1 and cIAP2 in intact cells, which results in formation of a RIPK1: caspase-8 complex, caspase-8 activation, and induction of tumor cell death. Birinapant (TL32711) targets TRAF2-associated cIAPs and abrogates TNF-induced NF-κB activation.
  • HY-10005
    Flavopiridol Inhibitor 99.72%
    Flavopiridol (Alvocidib) is a broad spectrum and competitive inhibitor of CDKs, inhibiting CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 with IC50s of 30, 170, 100 nM, respectively.
  • HY-10341
    Fasudil Hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.91%
    Fasudil Hydrochloride (HA-1077 Hydrochloride; AT877 Hydrochloride), is a nonspecific ROCK inhibitor and also has inhibitory effect on protein kinases, with an Ki of 0.33 μM for ROCK1, IC50s of 0.158 μM and 4.58 μM, 12.30 μM, 1.650 μM for ROCK2 and PKA, PKC, PKG, respectively. Fasudil Hydrochloride is also a potent Ca2+ channel antagonist and vasodilator.
  • HY-N0822
    Shikonin Inhibitor 99.80%
    Shikonin is a major component of a Chinese herbal medicine named zicao. Shikonin is a potent TMEM16A chloride channel inhibitor with an IC50 of 6.5 μM. Shikonin is a specific pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) inhibitor and can also inhibit TNF-α and NF-κB pathway.
  • HY-13238
    Dolutegravir Inhibitor 99.95%
    Dolutegravir (S/GSK1349572) is a highly potent and orally bioavailable HIV integrase strand transfer inhibitor with an IC50 of 2.7 nM for HIV-1 integrase-catalyzed strand transfer. Dolutegravir (S/GSK1349572) inhibits HIV-1 viral replication with an IC50 of 0.51 nM in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Dolutegravir retains a high potency against the HIV-1 Y143R, N155H, and G140S/Q148H mutants (EC50=3.6-5.8 nM).
  • HY-14882
    Cenicriviroc Inhibitor 98.07%
    Cenicriviroc is an orally active, dual CCR2/CCR5 antagonist, also inhibits both HIV-1 and HIV-2, and displays potent anti-inflammatory and antiinfective activity.
  • HY-B0313
    Hydroxyurea Inhibitor >98.0%
    Hydroxyurea is a cell apoptosis inducer that inhibit DNA synthesis through inhibition of ribonucleotide reductase.
  • HY-B0545
    Probenecid Inhibitor 99.91%
    Probenecid is a potent and selective agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 (TRPV2) channels. Probenecid also inhibits pannexin 1 channels.
  • HY-17605
    Bictegravir Inhibitor 99.75%
    Bictegravir is a novel, potent inhibitor of HIV-1 integrase with an IC50 of 7.5 nM.
  • HY-13004
    Maraviroc Inhibitor 99.71%
    Maraviroc (UK-427857) is a selective CCR5 antagonist with activity against human HIV.
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