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Baicalin (Synonyms: Baicalein 7-O-β-D-glucuronide)

Cat. No.: HY-N0197 Purity: 98.01%
Handling Instructions

Baicalin is a flavonoid glycoside isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis. Baicalin reduces the expression of NF-κB.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Baicalin Chemical Structure

Baicalin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 21967-41-9

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Baicalin is a flavonoid glycoside isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis. Baicalin reduces the expression of NF-κB.

IC50 & Target[1]





In Vitro

Baicalin protects against ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) by altering the production of various mediators, including reactive oxygen species (ROS), Toll-like receptor (TLR)2 and TLR4, NF-κB, Bax, and Bcl-2. Baicalin treatment inhibits the increased expression of the proinflammatory cytokines TLR2/4, MyD88, p-NF-κB, and p- IκB, as well as increase the expression of IκB protein, an NF-κB inhibitor, with the degree of inhibition positively related to the dosage of Baicalin[1]. Cell viability is determined by MTT assay. Compared with control cells, cell viability is significantly decreased in SH-SY5Y cells treated with thrombin. Pre-treatment with Baicalin (5, 10, 20 μM) increases cell viability in a dose-dependent manner compared with cells treated thrombin alone[2].

In Vivo

Baicalin pretreatment dose-dependently protects against a loss of renal function, with the two higher doses (10 and 100 mg/kg) significantly decreasing Scr and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentrations. Tissue injury, as assessed using a 0-3 point scoring system, is lower for the Baicalin treated groups than for the ischemia-reperfusion (IR)+saline group. Compared with the sham group, malondialdehyde (MDA) content is only slightly up-regulated and the SOD activity is only slightly down-regulated in rats treated with 10 and 100 mg/kg Baicalin, indicating that Baicalin abrogates the increase in oxidative stress following reperfusion[1].

Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 32 mg/mL (71.69 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.2403 mL 11.2017 mL 22.4034 mL
5 mM 0.4481 mL 2.2403 mL 4.4807 mL
10 mM 0.2240 mL 1.1202 mL 2.2403 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
Cell Assay

SH-SY5Y cell lines are cultured in RPMI-1640 medium supplemented with 15% fetal bovine serum at 37°C in an air atmosphere containing 95% air and 5% CO2 with a saturated humidity. Upon a confluence of 60~70%, the SH-SY5Y cells are divided into: (i) control group, incubated in RPMI-1640 medium; (ii) thrombin group, which is subject to thrombin induction (40 U/L) for 6 h based on our pre-experiment; and (iii) Baicalin groups, which are treated by Baicalin (5 μM, 10 μM, or 20 μM) for 2 h before induction of thrombin. Cell viability is measured using MTT assay. Briefly, 15 μL of the MTT solution (5 mg/mL) is added to each well and incubated for 4 h at 37°C. After removing the supernatant, 80 μL DMSO are added into each well. The absorbance is measured at 492 nm using a microplate reader. All experiments are performed in triplicate[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration

Male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g are used. Rats are randomly divided into five groups of six rats each: (i) sham group; (ii) IR+saline group; (iii) IR+Baicalin (1 mg/kg) group; (iv) IR+Baicalin (10 mg/kg) group; and (v) IR+Baicalin (100 mg/kg) group. Renal IRI is induced by clamping the left renal artery for 45 min plus a right nephrectomy. Rats are anesthetized through an intraperitoneal injection of pentobarbital sodium (40 mg/kg body weight). After a median abdominal incision, the left renal arteries are clamped for 45 min with serrefine. After clamp removal, adequate restoration of blood flow is checked before abdominal closure. The right kidney is then removed. Sham-operated animals underwent the same surgical procedure without clamping[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight







O[[email protected]]([[email protected]]([[email protected]@H]([[email protected]@H](C(O)=O)O1)O)O)[[email protected]@H]1OC2=C(O)C(O)=C3C(C=C(C4=CC=CC=C4)OC3=C2)=O


Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Purity: 98.01%

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Cat. No.: HY-N0197