1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Anti-infection
  3. Fungal

Fungal

An antifungal agent is a drug that selectively eliminates fungal pathogens from a host with minimal toxicity to the host. Classes: 1. Polyene Antifungal Drugs: Amphotericin, nystatin, and pimaricin interact with sterols in the cell membrane (ergosterol in fungi, cholesterol in humans) to form channels through which small molecules leak from the inside of the fungal cell to the outside. 2. Azole Antifungal Drugs: Fluconazole, itraconazole, and ketoconazole inhibit cytochrome P450-dependent enzymes (particularly C14-demethylase) involved in the biosynthesis of ergosterol, which is required for fungal cell membrane structure and function. 3. Allylamine and Morpholine Antifungal Drugs: lylamines (naftifine, terbinafine) inhibit ergosterol biosynthesis at the level of squalene epoxidase. The morpholine drug, amorolfine, inhibits the same pathway at a later step. 4. Antimetabolite Antifungal Drugs: 5-Fluorocytosine acts as an inhibitor of both DNA and RNA synthesis via the intracytoplasmic conversion of 5-fluorocytosine to 5-fluorouracil.

Fungal Related Products (289):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-10219
    Rapamycin Inhibitor 99.94%
    Rapamycin (Sirolimus; AY 22989) is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
  • HY-15141
    Staurosporine Inhibitor 99.98%
    Staurosporine is a potent and non-selective inhibitor of protein kinases with IC50s of 6 nM, 15 nM, 2 nM, and 3 nM for PKC, PKA, c-Fgr, and Phosphorylase kinase respectively. Staurosporine is an apoptosis inducer.
  • HY-A0098
    Tunicamycin Inhibitor 99.69%
    Tunicamycin is a mixture of homologous nucleoside antibiotic that inhibits N-linked glycosylation and blocks GlcNAc phosphotransferase (GPT). Tunicamycin causes accumulation of unfolded proteins in cell endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and induces ER stress, and causes blocking of DNA synthesis and cell cycle arrest in G1 phase. Tunicamycin inhibits gram-positive bacteria, yeasts, fungi, and viruses and has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-16561
    Resveratrol Inhibitor 99.70%
    Resveratrol (trans-Resveratrol; SRT501), a natural polyphenolic phytoalexin that possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and anti-cancer properties. Resveratrol (SRT 501) has a wide spectrum of targets including mTOR, JAK, β-amyloid, Adenylyl cyclase, IKKβ, DNA polymerase. Resveratrol also is a specific SIRT1 activator. Resveratrol is a potent pregnane X receptor (PXR) inhibitor.
  • HY-B0490
    Hygromycin B Inhibitor >98.00%
    Hygromycin B is an aminoglycoside antibiotic active against prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
  • HY-B1263
    Chlorobutanol Inhibitor >98.0%
    Chlorobutanol is a pharmaceutical preservative with sedative-hypnotic actions. Chlorobutanol is active against a wide variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and several mold spores and fungi.
  • HY-44688
    S.pombe lumazine synthase-IN-1 Inhibitor 98.02%
    S.pombe lumazine synthase-IN-1 is an inhibitor of lumazine synthases with Ki values of 243 μM and 9.6 μM for Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Mycobacterium tuberculosis lumazine synthases, respectively.
  • HY-128365
    Neticonazole hydrochloride Inhibitor 98.58%
    Neticonazole hydrochloride is an imidazole derivative and a potent and long-acting antifungal agent. Neticonazole hydrochloride is also an orally active exosome biogenesis and secretion inhibitor. Neticonazole hydrochloride has anti-infection and anti-cancer effects.
  • HY-16589
    Oligomycin A Inhibitor 99.94%
    Oligomycin A, created by Streptomyces, acts as a mitochondrial F0F1-ATPase inhibitor, with a Ki of 1 μM; Oligomycin A shows anti-fungal activity.
  • HY-B0221
    Amphotericin B Inhibitor >98.00%
    Amphotericin B is a polyene antifungal agent against a wide variety of fungal pathogens. It binds irreversibly to ergosterol, resulting in disruption of membrane integrity and ultimately cell death.
  • HY-16560
    Camptothecin Inhibitor 98.62%
    Camptothecin (Campathecin) is a potent DNA enzyme topoisomerase I inhibitor, with an IC50 of 679 nM.
  • HY-17409
    Nystatin Inhibitor 98.29%
    Nystatin is an orally active polyene antifungal antibiotic effective against yeast and mycoplasma. Nystatin increases the permeability of plasma membranes to small monovalent ions, including chloridion. Nystatin is a cholesterol-sequestering agent, partially prevents Oxaliplatin-induced lipid raft aggregation, DR4 and DR5 clustering, and thereby reduces apoptosis.
  • HY-40354A
    Tofacitinib citrate Inhibitor 99.92%
    Tofacitinib citrate is an orally available JAK1/2/3 inhibitor with IC50s of 1, 20, and 112 nM, respectively. Tofacitinib citrate has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral activities.
  • HY-17381
    Idarubicin hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.82%
    Idarubicin hydrochloride is an anthracycline antileukemic drug. It inhibits the topoisomerase II interfering with the replication of DNA and RNA transcription. Idarubicin hydrochloride inhibits the growth of bacteria and yeasts.
  • HY-17514
    Itraconazole Inhibitor 99.15%
    Itraconazole (R51211) is a triazole antifungal agent and a potent and orally active Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway antagonist with an IC50 of ~800 nM. Itraconazole potently inhibits lanosterol 14α-demethylase (cytochrome P450 enzyme), thereby inhibits the oxidative conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol. Itraconazole has anticancer and antiangiogenic effects.
  • HY-17006
    Caspofungin Acetate Inhibitor 99.79%
    Caspofungin Acetate (MK-0991 Acetate) is an antifungal drug, and noncompetitively inhibits 1,3-β-d glucan synthase activity.
  • HY-B0105
    Ketoconazole Inhibitor 99.47%
    Ketoconazole (R-41400) is an imidazole anti-fungal agent, a CYP3A4 and CYP24A1 inhibitor.
  • HY-A0210
    Cerulenin Inhibitor >99.0%
    Cerulenin, the best known natural inhibitor of fatty acid synthase (FASN), is an epoxide produced by the fungus Cephalosporium caeruleus.
  • HY-B0421
    Mycophenolic acid Inhibitor 99.63%
    Mycophenolic acid (Mycophenolate) is an an immunosuppresant drug and has potent anti-proliferative activity.
  • HY-B0101
    Fluconazole Inhibitor 99.51%
    Fluconazole is a triazole antifungal drug used in the treatment and prevention of superficial and systemic fungal infections.
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