1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Anti-infection
  3. Fungal

Fungal

An antifungal agent is a drug that selectively eliminates fungal pathogens from a host with minimal toxicity to the host. Classes: 1. Polyene Antifungal Drugs: Amphotericin, nystatin, and pimaricin interact with sterols in the cell membrane (ergosterol in fungi, cholesterol in humans) to form channels through which small molecules leak from the inside of the fungal cell to the outside. 2. Azole Antifungal Drugs: Fluconazole, itraconazole, and ketoconazole inhibit cytochrome P450-dependent enzymes (particularly C14-demethylase) involved in the biosynthesis of ergosterol, which is required for fungal cell membrane structure and function. 3. Allylamine and Morpholine Antifungal Drugs: lylamines (naftifine, terbinafine) inhibit ergosterol biosynthesis at the level of squalene epoxidase. The morpholine drug, amorolfine, inhibits the same pathway at a later step. 4. Antimetabolite Antifungal Drugs: 5-Fluorocytosine acts as an inhibitor of both DNA and RNA synthesis via the intracytoplasmic conversion of 5-fluorocytosine to 5-fluorouracil.

Fungal Related Products (693):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-10219
    Rapamycin
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    Rapamycin (Sirolimus; AY 22989) is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
  • HY-100579
    Ferrostatin-1
    Inhibitor 99.96%
    Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1), a potent and selective ferroptosis inhibitor, suppresses Erastin-induced ferroptosis in HT-1080 cells (EC50=60 nM). Ferrostatin-1, a synthetic antioxidant, acts via a reductive mechanism to prevent damage to membrane lipids and thereby inhibits cell death. Antifungal Activity.
  • HY-15141
    Staurosporine
    Inhibitor 99.98%
    Staurosporine is a potent, ATP-competitive and non-selective inhibitor of protein kinases with IC50s of 6 nM, 15 nM, 2 nM, and 3 nM for PKC, PKA, c-Fgr, and Phosphorylase kinase respectively. Staurosporine also inhibits TAOK2 with an IC50 of 3 μM. Staurosporine is an apoptosis inducer.
  • HY-16561
    Resveratrol
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    Resveratrol (trans-Resveratrol; SRT501), a natural polyphenolic phytoalexin that possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and anti-cancer properties. Resveratrol (SRT 501) has a wide spectrum of targets including mTOR, JAK, β-amyloid, Adenylyl cyclase, IKKβ, DNA polymerase. Resveratrol also is a specific SIRT1 activator. Resveratrol is a potent pregnane X receptor (PXR) inhibitor. Resveratrol is an Nrf2 activator, ameliorates aging-related progressive renal injury in mice model. Resveratrol increases production of NO in endothelial cells.
  • HY-A0098
    Tunicamycin
    Inhibitor 99.85%
    Tunicamycin is a mixture of homologous nucleoside antibiotic that inhibits N-linked glycosylation and blocks GlcNAc phosphotransferase (GPT). Tunicamycin causes accumulation of unfolded proteins in cell endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and induces ER stress, and causes blocking of DNA synthesis and cell cycle arrest in G1 phase. Tunicamycin inhibits gram-positive bacteria, yeasts, fungi, and viruses and has anti-cancer activity.Tunicamycin increases exosome release in cervical cancer cells.
  • HY-P1934A
    Cyclo(L-Phe-L-Pro)
    Inhibitor 99.01%
    Cyclo(L-Phe-L-Pro), isolated from Pseudomonas fluorescens and Pseudomonas alcaligenes cell-free culture supernatants is an antifungal cyclic dipeptide. Cyclo(L-Phe-L-Pro) inhibits IFN-β production by interfering with retinoic-acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I) activation. Cyclo(L-Phe-L-Pro) exhibits free-radical scavenging activity with the IC50 of 24 µM in the DPPH assay.
  • HY-W042191
    Oxychlororaphine
    Inhibitor
    Oxychloroaphine could be isolated from the bacterium Pantoea agglomerans naturally present in soil. Oxychloroaphine has broad-spectrum antifungal activity. Oxychloroaphine has cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner and induces apoptosis. Oxychloroaphine can be used in research of cancer.
  • HY-Y1832
    o-Vanillin
    Inhibitor
    o-Vanillin (2-Vanillin) is a nature product, could be extracted from Vanilla planifolia, Pinus koraiensis fruit. o-Vanillin is a potent antifungal agent. o-Vanillin inhibits the growth of mycelia by disrupting the integrity of cell walls and cell membranes. o-Vanillin inhibits Doxorubicin (HY-15142A)- and 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide-induced NF-κB activation.
  • HY-B0490
    Hygromycin B
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Hygromycin B is an aminoglycoside antibiotic active against prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
  • HY-N6782
    Oligomycin
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Oligomycin, an antifungal antibiotic, is an inhibitor of H+-ATP-synthase. Oligomycin blocks oxidative phosphorylation and the electron transport chain. Oligomycin inhibits HIF-1alpha expression in hypoxic tumor cells.
  • HY-16560
    Camptothecin
    Inhibitor 99.69%
    Camptothecin (CPT), a kind of alkaloid, is a DNA topoisomerase I (Topo I) inhibitor with an IC50 of 679 nM. Camptothecin (CPT) exhibits powerful antineoplastic activity against colorectal, breast, lung and ovarian cancers, modulates hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) activity by changing microRNAs (miRNA) expression patterns in human cancer cells.
  • HY-16589
    Oligomycin A
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    Oligomycin A (MCH 32), created by Streptomyces, acts as a mitochondrial F0F1-ATPase inhibitor, with a Ki of 1 μM; Oligomycin A shows anti-fungal activity.
  • HY-B0221
    Amphotericin B
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Amphotericin B is a polyene antifungal agent against a wide variety of fungal pathogens. It binds irreversibly to ergosterol, resulting in disruption of membrane integrity and ultimately cell death.
  • HY-N6716
    Filipin complex
    Inhibitor
    Filipin complex is a potent broad spectrum 28-membered ring pentaene macrolide antifungal antibiotic. Filipin complex is also a highly fluorescent polyene. Filipin complex specifically binds free cholesterol and is well established as a histochemical marker for the detection of unesterified cellular cholesterol. Filipin complex consists of four analogues (Filipins I-IV), with Filipin III (HY-N6718) comprising the bulk (>70%) of the complex.
  • HY-N6687
    Calcimycin
    Inhibitor 99.56%
    Calcimycin (A-23187) is an antibiotic and a unique divalent cation ionophore (like calcium and magnesium). Calcimycin induces Ca2+-dependent cell death by increasing intracellular calcium concentration. Calcimycin inhibits the growth of Gram-positive bacteria and some fungi. Calcimycin also inhibits the activity of ATPase and uncouples oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) of mammalian cells. Calcimycin induces apoptosis.
  • HY-17409
    Nystatin
    Inhibitor 98.29%
    Nystatin is an orally active polyene antifungal antibiotic effective against yeast and mycoplasma. Nystatin increases the permeability of plasma membranes to small monovalent ions, including chloridion. Nystatin is a cholesterol-sequestering agent, partially prevents Oxaliplatin-induced lipid raft aggregation, DR4 and DR5 clustering, and thereby reduces apoptosis.
  • HY-B0105
    Ketoconazole
    Inhibitor 99.86%
    Ketoconazole (R-41400) is an imidazole anti-fungal agent, a CYP3A4 and CYP24A1 inhibitor.
  • HY-B0421
    Mycophenolic acid
    Inhibitor 99.87%
    Mycophenolic acid is a potent uncompetitive inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) inhibitor with an EC50 of 0.24 µM. Mycophenolic acid demonstrates antiviral effects against a wide range of RNA viruses including influenza. Mycophenolic acid is an immunosuppressive agent. Antiangiogenic and antitumor effects.
  • HY-40354A
    Tofacitinib citrate
    Inhibitor 99.98%
    Tofacitinib citrate is an orally available JAK1/2/3 inhibitor with IC50s of 1, 20, and 112 nM, respectively. Tofacitinib citrate has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral activities.
  • HY-B0101
    Fluconazole
    Inhibitor 99.21%
    Fluconazole (UK-49858) is a triazole antifungal agent with excellent activities against a broad range of fungi, especially against Candida albicans. Fluconazole inhibits C. albicans and Candida kefyr with IC99s range from 0.20 μg/mL to 0.39 μg/mL.