1. Neurological Disease

Neurological Disease

A range of neurological disorders, including epilepsy and dystonia, may involve dysfunctional intracortical inhibition, and may respond to treatments that modify it. Parkinson’s is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by increased activity of GABA in basal ganglia and the loss of dopamine in nigrostriatum, associated with rigidity, resting tremor, gait with accelerating steps, and fixed inexpressive face. Neurological deficits, along with neuromuscular involvement, are characteristic of mitochondrial disease, and these symptoms can have a dramatic impact on patient quality of life. Neurological features may be manifold, ranging from neural deafness, ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, migraine, seizures, stroke‐like episodes and dementia and depend on the part of the nervous system affected.

Neurological Disease Related Products (6215):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-10583
    Y-27632 dihydrochloride 129830-38-2
    Y-27632 dihydrochloride is an orally active and ATP-competitive ROCK (Rho-kinase) inhibitor (ROCK-I Ki=220 nM; ROCK-II Ki=300 nM). Y-27632 dihydrochloride shows antiepileptic effects.
    Y-27632 dihydrochloride
  • HY-B0215
    Acetylcysteine 616-91-1 ≥98.0%
    Acetylcysteine (N-Acetylcysteine) is a mucolytic agent which reduces the thickness of the mucus. Acetylcysteine is a ROS inhibitor. Acetylcysteine is a cysteine precursor, prevents hemin-induced ferroptosis by neutralizing toxic lipids generated by arachidonate-dependent activity of 5-lipoxygenases. Acetylcysteine induces cell apoptosis. Acetylcysteine also has anti-influenza virus activities.
    Acetylcysteine
  • HY-B0988
    Deferoxamine mesylate 138-14-7 ≥98.0%
    Deferoxamine mesylate (Deferoxamine B mesylate) is an iron chelator (binds to Fe(III) and many other metal cations), is widely used to reduce iron accumulation and deposition in tissues. Deferoxamine mesylate upregulates HIF-1α levels with good antioxidant activity. Deferoxamine mesylate also shows anti-proliferative activity, can induce apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. Deferoxamine mesylate can be used in studies of diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases as well as anti-cancer and anti-COVID-19.
    Deferoxamine mesylate
  • HY-B1756
    Rotenone 83-79-4 ≥98.0%
    Rotenone is an mitochondrial electron transport chain complex I inhibitor. Rotenone induces apoptosis through enhancing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production.
    Rotenone
  • HY-13027
    DAPT 208255-80-5 99.93%
    DAPT (GSI-IX) is a potent and orally active γ-secretase inhibitor with IC50s of 115 nM and 200 nM for total amyloid-β (Aβ) and 42, respectively. DAPT inhibits the activation of Notch 1 signaling and induces cell differentiation. DAPT also induces autophagy and apoptosis. DAPT has neuroprotection activity and has the potential for autoimmune and lymphoproliferative diseases, degenerative disease and cancers treatment.
    DAPT
  • HY-17386
    Rosiglitazone 122320-73-4 99.90%
    Rosiglitazone (BRL 49653) is an orally active selective PPARγ agonist (EC50: 60 nM, Kd: 40 nM). Rosiglitazone is an TRPC5 activator (EC50: 30 μM) and TRPM3 inhibitor. Rosiglitazone can be used in the research of obesity and diabetes, senescence, ovarian cancer.
    Rosiglitazone
  • HY-10295
    SB 202190 152121-30-7 99.89%
    SB 202190 is a selective p38 MAP kinase inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 100 nM for p38α and p38β2, respectively. SB 202190 binds to the ATP pocket of the active recombinant human p38 kinase with a Kd of 38 nM. SB 202190 has anti-cancer activity and rescued memory deficits. SB202190 induces autophagy.
    SB 202190
  • HY-114153
    PLX5622 1303420-67-8 99.95%
    PLX5622 is a highly selective brain penetrant and orally active CSF1R inhibitor (IC50=0.016 µM; Ki=5.9 nM). PLX5622 allows for extended and specific microglial elimination, preceding and during pathology development. PLX5622 demonstrates desirable PK properties in varies animals.
    PLX5622
  • HY-17366
    Clozapine N-oxide 34233-69-7 99.98%
    Clozapine N-oxide is a major metabolite of Clozapine and a human muscarinic designer receptors (DREADDs) agonist. Clozapine N-oxide activates the DREADD receptor hM3Dq and hM4Di. Clozapine N-oxide can cross the blood-brain barrier. Clozapine is a potent dopamine antagonist and also a potent and selective muscarinic M4 receptor (EC50=11 nM) agonist.
    Clozapine N-oxide
  • HY-B0075
    Melatonin 73-31-4 99.73%
    Melatonin is a hormone made by the pineal gland that can activates melatonin receptor. Melatonin plays a role in sleep and possesses important antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. Melatonin is a novel selective ATF-6 inhibitor and induces human hepatoma cell apoptosis through COX-2 downregulation. Melatonin attenuates palmitic acid-induced (HY-N0830) mouse granulosa cells apoptosis via endoplasmic reticulum stress.
    Melatonin
  • HY-15608
    MPTP hydrochloride 23007-85-4
    MPTP hydrochloride is a brain penetrant dopamine neurotoxin, inducing Parkinson’s Disease. MPTP hydrochloride, a precusor of MPP+, induces apoptosis.
    MPTP hydrochloride
  • HY-18749
    SC79 305834-79-1 ≥98.0%
    SC79, a unique specific and BBB permeable Akt activator, activates Akt in the cytosol and inhibits Akt membrane translocation. SC79 specifically binds to the PH domain of Akt.
    SC79
  • HY-10585
    Valproic acid 99-66-1 ≥98.0%
    Valproic acid (VPA) is an orally active HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, metabolic disease, HIV infection and prevention of migraine headaches.
    Valproic acid
  • HY-B0166
    L-Ascorbic acid 50-81-7 99.92%
    L-Ascorbic acid (L-Ascorbate), an electron donor, is an endogenous antioxidant agent. L-Ascorbic acid inhibits selectively Cav3.2 channels with an IC50 of 6.5 μM. L-Ascorbic acid is also a collagen deposition enhancer and an elastogenesis inhibitor. L-Ascorbic acid exhibits anti-cancer effects through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and selective damage to cancer cells.
    L-Ascorbic acid
  • HY-N0830
    Palmitic acid 57-10-3 ≥98.0%
    Palmitic acid is a long-chain saturated fatty acid commonly found in both animals and plants. PA can induce the expression of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) in in mouse granulosa cells.
    Palmitic acid
  • HY-F0004
    β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide 1094-61-7 ≥98.0%
    β-nicotinamide mononucleotide (β-NM) is a product of the nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) reaction and a key NAD+ intermediate. The pharmacological activities of β-nicotinamide mononucleotide include its role in cellular biochemical functions, cardioprotection, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and complications associated with obesity.
    β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide
  • HY-B0717
    Tocofersolan 9002-96-4 ≥98.0%
    Tocofersolan is synthetic polyethylene glycol derivative of α-tocopherol. Tocofersolan is an orally active and water-soluble analog of vitamin E. Tocofersolan can reduce neurobehavioral deficits in zebrafish embryos exposed to moderate and high concentrations of BaP during early development. Tocofersolan shows antioxidant activity. Tocofersolan can be used to provide an orally bioavailable source of vitamin E.
    Tocofersolan
  • HY-100229
    Aloxistatin 88321-09-9 ≥98.0%
    Aloxistatin (E64d) is a cell-permeable and irreversible broad-spectrum cysteine protease inhibitor. Aloxistatin (E64d) exhibits entry-blocking effect for MERS-CoV.
    Aloxistatin
  • HY-B2167
    Docosahexaenoic acid 6217-54-5 ≥98.0%
    Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) is an omega-3 fatty acid abundantly present brain and retina. It can be obtained directly from fish oil and maternal milk.
    Docosahexaenoic acid
  • HY-42110
    Deschloroclozapine 1977-07-7 99.79%
    Deschloroclozapine, a metabolite of Clozapine, is a highly potent muscarinic DREADDs agonist. Deschloroclozapine binds to DREADD receptor subtypes hM3Dq and hM4Di with Ki of 6.3 and 4.2 nM, respectively. [11C]-Deschloroclozapine is developed as a promising PET tracer for DREADD imaging.
    Deschloroclozapine