1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Epigenetics
    PI3K/Akt/mTOR
  3. AMPK

AMPK

AMP-activated protein kinase

AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) is an enzyme that plays a role in cellular energy homeostasis. It consists of three proteins (subunits) that together make a functional enzyme. The net effect of AMPK activation is stimulation of hepatic fatty acid oxidation andketogenesis, inhibition of cholesterol synthesis, lipogenesis, and triglyceride synthesis, inhibition of adipocyte lipolysis and lipogenesis, stimulation of skeletal muscle fatty acid oxidation and muscle glucose uptake by pancreatic beta-cells. AMPK acts as a metabolic master switch regulating several intracellular systems including the cellular uptake of glucose, the β-oxidation of fatty acids and the biogenesis of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) and mitochondria.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-15142
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.58%
    Doxorubicin (Hydroxydaunorubicin) hydrochloride, a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic, is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Doxorubicin hydrochloride is a potent human DNA topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II inhibitor with IC50s of 0.8 μM and 2.67 μM, respectively. Doxorubicin hydrochloride reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK and its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Doxorubicin hydrochloride induces apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-13418A
    Dorsomorphin
    Inhibitor 99.91%
    Dorsomorphin (Compound C) is a selective and ATP-competitive AMPK inhibitor (Ki=109 nM in the absence of AMP). Dorsomorphin (BML-275) selectively inhibits BMP type I receptors ALK2, ALK3, and ALK6. Dorsomorphin induces autophagy.
  • HY-B0627
    Metformin
    Activator 99.64%
    Metformin (1,1-Dimethylbiguanide) inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin can cross the blood-brain barrier and triggers autophagy.
  • HY-13417
    AICAR
    Activator 99.92%
    AICAR (Acadesine) is an adenosine analog and a AMPK activator. AICAR regulates the glucose and lipid metabolism, and inhibits proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS production. AICAR is also an autophagy, YAP and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-17471A
    Metformin hydrochloride
    Activator 99.89%
    Metformin hydrochloride (1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride) inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin hydrochloride triggers autophagy.
  • HY-148189
    Aldometanib
    99.37%
    Aldometanib (LXY-05-029) is an orally active aldolase inhibitor. Aldometanib can activate lysosomal adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and decreases blood glucose. Aldometanib can be used for the research of metabolic homeostasis.
  • HY-151361
    AMPK-IN-3
    Inhibitor
    AMPK-IN-3 (compound 67) is a potent and selective AMPK inhibitor with IC50s of 60.7, 107 and 3820 nM for AMPK (α2), AMPK (α1) and KDR, respectively. AMPK-IN-3 inhibits AMPK does not affect cell viability or cause significant cytotoxicity in K562 cells. AMPK-IN-3 can be used in study of cancer.
  • HY-148210
    AMPK activator 9
    Activator
    AMPK activator 9 (ZM-6) is a potent AMPK (α2β1γ1) activator with an EC50 value of 1.1 µM. AMPK activator 9 has the potential for the research of type 2 diabetes.
  • HY-13418
    Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.91%
    Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride (BML-275 dihydrochloride; Compound C dihydrochloride) is a potent, selective and ATP-competitive AMPK inhibitor, with a Ki of 109 nM. Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride inhibits BMP pathway by targeting the type I receptors ALK2, ALK3, and ALK6. Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-50662
    A-769662
    Activator 98.97%
    A-769662 is a potent, reversible AMPK activator with EC50 of 0.8 μM.
  • HY-111363
    MK8722
    Activator 99.37%
    MK8722 is a potent and systemic pan-AMPK activator.
  • HY-10249
    GSK-690693
    Inhibitor 98.46%
    GSK-690693 is an ATP-competitive pan-Akt inhibitor with IC50s of 2 nM, 13 nM, 9 nM for Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3, respectively. GSK-690693 is also an AMPK inhibitor, affects Unc-51-like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) activity and robustly inhibits STING-dependent IRF3 activation.
  • HY-12357
    Bempedoic acid
    Activator ≥98.0%
    Bempedoic acid (ETC-1002) is an ATP-citrate lyase (ACL) inhibitor. Bempedoic acid (ETC-1002) activates AMPK.
  • HY-13417A
    AICAR phosphate
    Activator 99.49%
    AICAR phosphate (Acadesine phosphate) is an adenosine analog and a AMPK activator. AICAR phosphate regulates the glucose and lipid metabolism, and inhibits proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS production. AICAR phosphate is also an autophagy, YAP and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-16397A
    Phenformin hydrochloride
    Activator 98.12%
    Phenformin hydrochloride is an anti-diabetic drug from the biguanide class, can activate AMPK activity.
  • HY-19805
    STO-609
    Inhibitor 98.13%
    STO-609 is a selective and cell-permeable inhibitor of the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase (CaM-KK), with Ki values of 80 and 15 ng/mL for recombinant CaM-KKα and CaM-KKβ, respectively. STO-609 inhibits AMP-activated protein kinase kinase (AMPKK) activity in HeLa cell lysates with an IC50 ~0.02 g/ml.
  • HY-14615
    [6]-Gingerol
    Activator 99.45%
    [6]-Gingerol is an active compound isolated from Ginger (Zingiber officinale), exhibits a variety of biological activities including anticancer, anti-inflammation, and anti-oxidation.
  • HY-B1221
    Flufenamic acid
    Activator 99.82%
    Flufenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX), activates AMPK, and also modulates ion channels, blocking chloride channels and L-type Ca2+ channels, modulating non-selective cation channels (NSC), activating K+ channels. Flufenamic acid binds to the central pocket of TEAD2 YBD and inhibits both TEAD function and TEAD-YAP-dependent processes, such as cell migration and proliferation.
  • HY-103683
    PF-06409577
    Activator 99.44%
    PF-06409577 is a potent and selective allosteric activator of AMPK α1β1γ1 isoform with an EC50 of 7 nM.
  • HY-100548
    GSK621
    Activator 98.82%
    GSK621 is a specific AMPK activator, with IC50 values of 13-30 μM for AML cells. GSK621 induces autophagy and apoptosis. GSK621 induces eiF2α phosphorylation-a hallmark of UPR activation.
Cat. No. Product Name / Synonyms Species Source

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