1. Epigenetics
    PI3K/Akt/mTOR
    Autophagy
  2. AMPK
    Autophagy

AICAR (Synonyms: Acadesine; AICA Riboside)

Cat. No.: HY-13417 Purity: 99.90%
Handling Instructions

AICAR is an activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), down-regulates the insulin receptor expression in HepG2 cells.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

AICAR Chemical Structure

AICAR Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 2627-69-2

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10 mM * 1 mL in Water USD 55 In-stock
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Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 50 In-stock
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100 mg USD 79 In-stock
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200 mg USD 130 In-stock
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500 mg USD 280 In-stock
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Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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Customer Review

Other Forms of AICAR:

    AICAR purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Cell Death Dis. 03 May 2018.

    Protein expression levels of AMPKα, p-AMPKα-thr172, p-ACC-ser79, LC3, Beclin-1, ATG5 and ATG7 in WT MSCs or control CrispCas MSCs, or AMPKα DKO MSCs before and after treatment with FAC or AICAR.
    • Biological Activity

    • Protocol

    • Technical Information

    • Purity & Documentation

    • References

    Description

    AICAR is an activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), down-regulates the insulin receptor expression in HepG2 cells.

    IC50 & Target[1]

    AMPK

     

    Autophagy

     

    In Vitro

    HepG2 cells are treated with various concentrations of AICAR (0.1-1.0 mM) for 12, 24, and 48 h, respectively. The expression level of IR-β significantly decreases with 0.25, 0.5, and 1.0 mM of AICAR at 48 h to 50%, 53%, and 46% of the control, respectively[1].

    In Vivo

    Fourteen-week-old male, lean (L; 31.3 g body wt) wild-type andob/ob (O; 59.6 g body wt) mice are injected with the AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) activator AICAR (A) at 0.5 mg/g per day or saline control (C) for 14 days. At 24 h after the last injection (including a 12-h fast), all mice are killed, and the plantar flexor complex muscle (gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantaris) is excised for analysis. Muscle mass is lower in OC (159±12 mg) than LC, LA, and OA (176±10, 178±9, and 166±16 mg, respectively) mice, independent of a body weight change[2]. The kidney weight is significantly higher in the untreated group when compared with both the exercise and AICAR (0.5 mg/g body wt) groups. The heart weight is higher in the exercise group than in the other groups, whereas the liver weight is significantly higher in the AICAR-treated group when compared with the exercise and untreated groups[3].

    Clinical Trial
    References
    Preparing Stock Solutions
    Concentration Volume Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 3.8725 mL 19.3626 mL 38.7252 mL
    5 mM 0.7745 mL 3.8725 mL 7.7450 mL
    10 mM 0.3873 mL 1.9363 mL 3.8725 mL
    Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
    Cell Assay
    [1]

    AICAR is dissolved in DMSO and stored, and then diluted with appropriate medium before use[1].

    HepG2 cells (5×105 cells) are plated in 6-well culture plate dishes and then are incubated in the serum-free media for 12 h before transfection. One microgram of plasmid is transfected with FuGENE6 Transfection Reagent. After 5 h of transfection, the culture media are removed and then media supplemented with or without AICAR (0.1-1.0 mM) are added to each well. The stimulation media are changed every 24 h[1]. MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration
    [2][3]

    AICAR is dissolved in saline (Mice)[2].

    Mice[2]
    Fourteen-week-old lean (Lepob/+ or Lepob/+) and ob/ob (Lepob/Lepob) male mice are uesd. After the 14-day experimental treatment (24 h after AICAR injection, including a 12-h fast), the plantar flexor complex muscle is cleanly (tendon-to-tendon) excised from an anesthetized mouse breathing 4% isoflurane. The muscle is quickly weighed and then processed for histology or frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored at −80°C. The anesthetized mice are killed by transection of the diaphragm and removal of the entire heart, after blood collection via needle puncture directly into the heart, while breathing 4% isoflurane. AICAR or saline (control) is injected subcutaneously into the lateral distal portion of the back. AICAR is administered at 0.5 mg/g per day one time for 14 days. Saline (control) is injected in volumes identical to those used for AICAR treatment in a manner identical to that of AICAR treatment. Body weight is measured prior to death.
    Rats[3]
    Male 5-week-old ZDF rats are either subcutaneously injected with a single dose of AICAR (0.5 mg/g body wt) or underwent a single bout of treadmill running (60 min, speed of 25 m/min at a 5% incline). Untreated ZDF rats serve as controls (n=5 in each group). One hour after the subcutaneous AICAR injection or immediately after treadmill running, rats are killed by cervical dislocation. To avoid any effect of muscle spasm and hypoxia, red and white gastrocnemius muscles are removed within seconds and immediately freeze clamped for later determination of AMPK activity. MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    References
    Molecular Weight

    258.23

    Formula

    C₉H₁₄N₄O₅

    CAS No.

    2627-69-2

    SMILES

    OC[[email protected]@H]1[[email protected]@H](O)[[email protected]@H](O)[[email protected]](N2C=NC(C(N)=O)=C2N)O1

    Storage
    Powder -20°C 3 years
      4°C 2 years
    In solvent -80°C 6 months
      -20°C 1 month
    Shipping

    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

    Solvent & Solubility

    DMSO: ≥ 30 mg/mL; H2O: 65 mg/mL (Need ultrasonic and warming)

    * "<1 mg/mL" means slightly soluble or insoluble. "≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

    Purity: 99.90%

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    Product Name:
    AICAR
    Cat. No.:
    HY-13417
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