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Pathways Recommended: Autophagy
Results for "

Autophagy

" in MCE Product Catalog:

428

Inhibitors & Agonists

2

Screening Libraries

1

Fluorescent Dye

4

Biochemical Assay Reagents

3

Peptides

93

Natural
Products

6

Recombinant Proteins

57

Isotope-Labeled Compounds

Cat. No. Product Name Target Research Areas
  • HY-144637
    Autophagy inducer 2

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Autophagy inducer 2 (Compound 11i) is a potent autophagy inducer. Autophagy inducer 2 exhibits apparent antiproliferative activity against the MCF-7 cell line with an IC50 value of 1.31 μM and remarkably inhibits the colony formation of the MCF-7 cells. Autophagy inducer 2 arrests the MCF-7 cells in the G2/M phase by regulating the cell-cycle-related proteins Cdk-1 and Cyclin B1. Autophagy inducer 2 has the potential for the research of breast cancer.
  • HY-150636
    Autophagy-IN-1

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Autophagy-IN-1 is a potent autophagy/mitophagy inhibitor, acts by selectively increasing the autophagic flux while blocking the autophagosome-lysosome fusion in cancer cells. Autophagy-IN-1 can induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Autophagy-IN-1 significantly inhibits tumor growth in an HCT116 xenograft mouse model and with low toxicity. Autophagy-IN-1 can be used for researching colorectal cancer.
  • HY-146052
    Autophagy inducer 3

    Autophagy Cancer
    Autophagy inducer 3 has autophagy induced activity. Autophagy inducer 3 possesses robust autophagic cell death in diverse cancer cells sparing normal counterpart. Autophagy inducer 3 induces lethal autophagy by formation of characteristic autophagic vacuoles, LC3 puncta formation, upregulation of signature autophagy markers like Beclin and Atg family proteins.
  • HY-141813
    Autophagy-IN-C1

    Autophagy Cancer
    Autophagy-IN-C1 not only induces apoptosis but also blocks autophagy in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells.
  • HY-150757
    Autophagy-IN-2

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Autophagy-IN-2 (Compound 7h) is an autophagic flux inhibitor. Autophagy-IN-2 induces cancer cell apoptosis and can be used for triple-negative breast cancer research.
  • HY-146087
    Autophagy inducer 4

    Autophagy Cancer
    Autophagy inducer 4 is a Magnolol-based Mannich base derivatives, which can be used as an anticancer agent. Autophagy inducer 4 suppresses cancer cells via inducing autophagy. Autophagy inducer 4 has 76-fold improvement in cytotoxicity against T47D cells compared with Magnolol. Autophagy inducer 4 also possesses suppressive effects on migration of T47D and Hela cancer cells.
  • HY-101485
    AUTEN-99 hydrobromide

    Autophagy enhancer-99 hydrobromide

    Others Neurological Disease
    AUTEN-99 (hydrobromide) is a novel inhibitor of the myotubularin phosphatase Jumpy (also called MTMR14). AUTEN-99 (hydrobromide) crosses the blood-brain barrier and exerts potent neuroprotective effects.
  • HY-N9349
    Malvidin-3-O-arabinoside chloride

    AMPK Autophagy Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Malvidin-3-O-arabinoside chloride ameliorates ethyl carbamate-induced oxidative damage by stimulating AMPK-mediated autophagy.
  • HY-136064
    4,4'-Dimethoxychalcone

    Autophagy Metabolic Disease
    4,4'-Dimethoxychalcone acts as a natural autophagy inducer with anti-ageing properties.
  • HY-N9341
    Norswertianin

    Autophagy Cancer
    Norswertianin, a xanthone compound, serves as a powerful anti-glioma compound. Norswertianin induces GBM cells differentiation through oxidative stress and Akt/mTOR dependent autophagy.
  • HY-N10305
    Clionamine B

    Autophagy Cancer
    Clionamine B is an autophagy stimulating aminosteroid isolated from the sponge Cliona celata. Clionamine B strongly stimulates autophagy in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells.
  • HY-123058
    Vps34-IN-4

    PI3K Autophagy Cancer
    Vps34-IN-4 (compound 19) is a potent, selective, and orally active inhibitor of VPS34. Vps34-IN-4 inhibits the autophagy in vivo. Autophagy is a dynamic process that regulates lysosomal-dependent degradation of cellular components.
  • HY-N8418
    Cearoin

    Autophagy Reactive Oxygen Species ERK Apoptosis Cancer
    Cearoin increases autophagy and apoptosis through the production of ROS and the activation of ERK.
  • HY-134640
    AUTAC4

    AUTACs Mitophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    AUTAC4 is a mitochondria-targeting autophagy-targeting chimera (AUTAC). AUTAC4 downregulates cytosolic proteins and promotes targeted mitochondrial turnover via mitophagy.
  • HY-131344
    mTOR inhibitor-8

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    mTOR inhibitor-8 is an mTOR inhibitor and autophagy inducer. mTOR inhibitor-8 inhibits the activity of mTOR via FKBP12 and induces autophagy of A549 human lung cancer cells.
  • HY-146349
    PROTAC EGFR degrader 4

    PROTACs EGFR Autophagy Cancer
    PROTAC EGFR degrader 4 is a potent PROTAC targeting mutant EGFR.PROTAC EGFR degrader 4 induces EGFR del19 and EGFR L858R/T790M degradation with DC50s of 0.51 and 126 nM, respectively. PROTAC EGFR degrader 4 significantly inhibits growth of HCC827 and H1975 cell lines with IC50s of 0.83 and 203.1 nM, respectively. Induced EGFR degradation is related to autophagy.
  • HY-B0795
    MHY1485

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    MHY1485 is a potent cell-permeable mTOR activator that targets the ATP domain of mTOR. MHY1485 inhibits autophagy by suppression of fusion between autophagosomes and lysosomes.
  • HY-N1416
    Pogostone

    Bacterial Apoptosis Autophagy Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Pogostone is isolated from patchouli oil with anti-bacterial and anti-cancer activities. Pogostone inhibits both gram negative and gram positive bacteria, also show inhibitory effect on corynebacterium xerosis with a MIC value of 0.098 µg/ml . Pogostone induces cell apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-144005
    C16 PEG-Ceramide

    Autophagy Cancer
    C16 PEG-Ceramide is a polyethylene glycolylated ceramide. C16 PEG-Ceramide can be used for lipid carrier to delivery. C16 PEG-Ceramide induces autophagy. C16 PEG-Ceramide can be used for cancer research.
  • HY-100973A
    Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium

    ADP ribose sodium

    TRP Channel Autophagy Endocrinology Metabolic Disease
    Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium (ADP ribose sodium) is a nicotinamide adenine nucleotide (NAD +) metabolite. Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium is the most potent and primary intracellular Ca 2+-permeable cation TRPM2 channel activator. Adenosine 5′-diphosphoribose sodium also can enhance autophagy.
  • HY-147656
    NAMPT degrader-1

    NAMPT Autophagy Cancer
    NAMPT degrader-1 (Compound A3) is an nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) degrader with an IC50 of 0.023 μM. NAMPT degrader-1 significantly induces the degradation of NAMPT through the autophagy-lysosomal pathway and shows excellent cellular antitumor potency.
  • HY-134183
    AUTAC1

    AUTACs Autophagy Cancer Metabolic Disease
    AUTAC1 is a MetAP2-targeting autophagy-mediated degrader (AUTAC). AUTACs contain a degradation tag and a warhead to provide target specificity. AUTAC1 contains an FBnG (p-Fluorobenzyl Guanine) and a Fumagillol moiety. Fumagillol binds covalently to MetAP2.
  • HY-N8034
    Glychionide A

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Glychionide A is a flavonoside that can be found in the roots of Glychirriza glabra. Glychionide A promotes apoptosis and autophagy of PANC-1 pancreatic cancer cells. Glychionide A can be used for the research of cancer.
  • HY-10219
    Rapamycin

    Sirolimus; AY-22989

    mTOR FKBP Fungal Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Antibiotic Bacterial Cancer
    Rapamycin (Sirolimus; AY 22989) is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
  • HY-N10417
    Apoptosis inducer 5

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Apoptosis inducer 5 (compound 1b) is a lignan enantiomer that can be found in Crataegus pinnatifida. Apoptosis inducer 5 exhibits cytotoxic effect via apoptosis and autophagy in Hep3B cells.
  • HY-119016A
    SK1-​I hydrochloride

    BML-258 hydrochloride

    SphK Cancer
    SK1-I hydrochloride (BML-258 hydrochloride), an analog of sphingosine, is an isozyme-specific competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with a Ki value of 10 µM. SK1-I hydrochloride shows no activity at SPHK1 PKCα, PKCδ, PKA, AKT1, ERK1, EGFR, CDK2, IKKβ or CamK2β. SK1-I hydrochloride enhances autophagy and has antitumor activity.
  • HY-119016
    SK1-I

    BML-258

    SphK Cancer
    SK1-I (BML-258), an analog of sphingosine, is an isozyme-specific competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with a Ki value of 10 µM. SK1-I shows no activity at SPHK1 PKCα, PKCδ, PKA, AKT1, ERK1, EGFR, CDK2, IKKβ or CamK2β. SK1-I enhances autophagy and has antitumor activity.
  • HY-N2959
    Brevilin A

    JAK STAT Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Brevilin A is an orally active STAT3/JAK inhibitor (STAT3 IC50= 10.6 µM). Brevilin A shows anti-tumor activity, anti-proliferative activity to cancer cells, and can induce apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-15311
    Avermectin B1

    Abamectin; Avermectin B1a-Avermectin B1b mixt.

    Parasite Autophagy Apoptosis Reactive Oxygen Species Antibiotic Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Avermectin B1 (Abamectin) is a mixture of two similar segments of avermectin. Avermectin B1 is an orally anti-infection agent, which can be used in the research of parasitic worms, insect pests, agriculture and animal husbandry. Avermectin B1 can also induce the production of ROS and induces cytotoxicity, apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-10219S
    Rapamycin-d3

    Sirolimus-d3; AY-22989-d3

    mTOR FKBP Autophagy Cancer
    Rapamycin-d3 (Sirolimus-d3) is the deuterium labeled Rapamycin. Rapamycin is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
  • HY-N10221
    Petromurin C

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Petromurin C is a bisindolylbenzenoid compound isolated from the ascostromata of Petromycesmuricatus. Petromurin C induces protective autophagy and apoptosis in FLT3-ITD-positive AML.
  • HY-145931
    CC214-2

    mTOR Cancer
    CC214-2 is a potent and dual inhibitor of mTORC1/mTORC2. Mycobacterium tuberculosis modulates mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling to impede autophagy. CC214-2 has the potential to shorten the duration of TB.
  • HY-N9942
    Physalin A

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Physalin A is a withanolide isolated from Physalis alkekengi var. franchetii. Physalin A induces apoptosis associated with up-regulation of caspase-3 and caspase-8 expression. Physalin A induces autophagy, found to antagonize apoptosis in HT1080 cells. Physalin A has the potential for the research of cancer disease.
  • HY-N0901
    Corynoxine

    Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    Corynoxine, a tetracyclic oxindole alkaloid, is isolated from the hooks of Uncaria rhynchophylla. Corynoxine is a natural autophagy enhancer that promotes the clearance of alpha-synuclein via Akt/mTOR pathway.
  • HY-N0901B
    Corynoxine hydrochloride

    Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    Corynoxine hydrochloride, a tetracyclic oxindole alkaloid, is isolated from the hooks of Uncaria macrophylla. Corynoxine hydrochloride is a natural autophagy enhancer that promotes the clearance of alpha-synuclein via Akt/mTOR pathway.
  • HY-14374
    GPP78

    CAY10618

    NAMPT Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    GPP78 (CAY10618) is a potent Nampt inhibitor with an IC50 of 3.0 nM for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) depletion. GPP78 is cytotoxic to neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y cells with an IC50 of 3.8 nM by inducing autophagy. GPP78 has anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects.
  • HY-101535
    ARP101

    MMP Cancer
    ARP101 is a potent and selective inhibitor matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2). ARP101 induces autophagy-associated cell death in cancer cells. ARP101 is effective in inducing the formation of autophagosome and conversion of LC3I into LC3II.
  • HY-13018
    MRT67307

    IKK ULK Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    MRT67307 is a dual inhibitor of the IKKε and TBK-1 with IC50s of 160 and 19 nM, respectively. MRT67307 also inhibits ULK1 and ULK2 with IC50s of 45 and 38 nM, respectively. MRT67307 also blocks autophagy in cells.
  • HY-13018A
    MRT67307 hydrochloride

    IKK ULK Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    MRT67307 hydrochloride is a dual inhibitor of the IKKε and TBK-1 with IC50s of 160 and 19 nM, respectively. MRT67307 hydrochloride also inhibits ULK1 and ULK2 with IC50s of 45 and 38 nM, respectively. MRT67307 hydrochloride also blocks autophagy in cells.
  • HY-146130
    ATG7-IN-2

    Autophagy Cancer
    ATG7-IN-2 (compound 1) is a potent ATG7 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.089 μM. ATG7-IN-2 inhibits autophagy marker LC3B.
  • HY-128892
    EN6

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    EN6 is a small-molecule in vivo autophagy activator that covalently targets cysteine 277 in the ATP6V1A subunit of the lysosomal v-ATPase. EN6-mediated modification of ATP6V1A uncouples v-ATPase from Rag, leading to inhibition of mTORC1 signalling, increased lysosomal acidification, and activation of autophagy. EN6 also scavenges TDP-43 aggregates (causative agents of frontotemporal dementia) in a lysosome-dependent manner.
  • HY-N2855
    Alphitolic acid

    Aophitolic acid

    Apoptosis Autophagy TNF Receptor Akt NF-κB Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Alphitolic acid (Aophitolic acid) is an anti-inflammatory triterpene could found in quercus aliena. Alphitolic acid blocks Akt–NF-κB signaling to induce apoptosis. Alphitolic acid induces autophagy. Alphitolic acid has anti-inflammatory activity and down-regulates the NO and TNF-α production. Alphitolic acid can be used for cancer and inflammation research.
  • HY-15206
    Glibenclamide

    Glyburide

    Potassium Channel Mitochondrial Metabolism Autophagy CFTR P-glycoprotein Metabolic Disease
    Glibenclamide (Glyburide) is an orally active ATP-sensitive K + channel (KATP) inhibitor and can be used for the research of diabetes and obesity. Glibenclamide inhibits P-glycoprotein. Glibenclamide directly binds and blocks the SUR1 subunits of KATP and inhibits the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein (CFTR). Glibenclamide interferes with mitochondrial bioenergetics by inducing changes on membrane ion permeability. Glibenclamide can induce autophagy.
  • HY-137742
    SBP-7455

    ULK Autophagy Cancer
    SBP-7455 is a potent, high affinity and orally active dual ULK1/ULK2 autophagy inhibitor with IC50s of 13 nM and 476 nM in the ADP-Glo assays, respectively. SBP-7455 potently inhibits ULK1/2 enzymatic activity and can be used for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) research.
  • HY-122614
    S29434

    NMDPEF

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    S29434 (NMDPEF) is a potent, competitive, selective and cell-permeable inhibitor of quinone reductase 2 (QR2), with IC50s ranging from 5 to 16 nM for human QR2 at different organizational levels, and has good selectivity for QR2 over QR1. S29434 induces autophagy and inhibits QR2-mediated ROS production.
  • HY-131364
    Nur77 modulator 1

    Apoptosis Cancer
    Nur77 modulator 1 is a good Nur77 binder (KD = 3.58 μM). Nur77 modulator 1 up-regulates Nur77 expression, mediates sub-cellular localization of Nur77, induces Nur77-dependent ER stress and autophagy, and results in cell apoptosis. Anti-hepatoma activity.
  • HY-144449
    mTOR/HDAC6-IN-1

    mTOR HDAC Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    mTOR/HDAC6-IN-1 is a potent mTOR and HDAC6 dual inhibitor (IC50s of 133.7 nM and 56 nM for mTOR and HDAC6, respectively). mTOR/HDAC6-IN-1 can induce significant autophagy, apoptosis and suppress migration. mTOR/HDAC6-IN-1 has potential to research Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC).
  • HY-N0484
    Liensinine

    Autophagy Mitophagy Apoptosis Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Liensinine is an autophagy/mitophagy inhibitor. Liensinine, a major isoquinoline alkaloid, extracted from the seed embryo of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn, has a wide range of biological activities, including anti-arrhythmias, anti-hypertension, anti-pulmonary fibrosis, relaxation on vascular smooth muscle, etc.
  • HY-146131
    ATG7-IN-3

    Autophagy Cancer
    ATG7-IN-3 (compound 18) is a potent ATG7 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.048 μM. ATG7-IN-3 inhibits autophagy. ATG7-IN-3 inhibits the formation of endogenous LC3B puncta in the neuroglioma cell line H4.
  • HY-147225
    TSPO Ligand-Linker Conjugates 1

    AUTACs Mitophagy Cancer Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    TSPO Ligand-Linker Conjugates 1 contains a ligand for translocator protein (TSPO) and a linker, which is used for the synthesis of mitochondria-targeting autophagy-targeting chimera (AUTAC). AUTAC can bind the TSPO on the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) of mitochondria and degrades impaired mitochondria and proteins via mitophagy, and improves mitochondrial activity. TSPO Ligand-Linker Conjugates 1 can be used in mitochondrial dysfunction related research, including neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, and diabetes.
  • HY-138779
    ICCB-19 hydrochloride

    Autophagy RIP kinase Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    ICCB-19 hydrochloride is a TRADD (TNFRSF1A associated via death domain) inhibitor. ICCB-19 hydrochloride binds with N-terminal domain of TRADD (TRADD-N), disrupting its binding to both TRADD-C and TRAF2. ICCB-19 hydrochloride is indirect inhibitor of RIPK1 kinase activity. ICCB-19 hydrochloride effectively induces autophagy and the degradation of long-lived proteins.
  • HY-143466
    ULK1-IN-2

    FAK ULK AMPK Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    ULK1-IN-2 (compound 3s) is a potent ULK1 inhibitor. ULK1-IN-2 shows highest cytotoxic effect against cancer cell lines, with IC50 of 1.94 μM in A549. ULK1-IN-2 can induce apoptosis and simultaneously block autophagy, and can be used to study NSCLC (Non-small cell lung cancer).
  • HY-143656
    SH379

    Autophagy Endocrinology
    SH379 is the derivative of 2-methylpyrimidine-fused tricyclic diterpene. SH379 is a potent and orally active anti-late-onset hypogonadism agent. SH379 significantly promotes the expression of the key testosterone synthesis-related enzymes StAR and 3β-HSD. SH379 stimulates autophagy through regulating AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway.
  • HY-N0866
    20-Deoxyingenol

    Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology
    20-Deoxyingenol, a diterpene, is isolated from the roots of Euphorbia kansui. 20-Deoxyingenol can promote autophagy and lysosomal biogenesis by promoting the nuclear translocation of transcription factor EB (TFEB) in vitro. 20-Deoxyingenol can be used for the research of osteoarthritis (OA).
  • HY-144636
    Atg4B-IN-2

    Cathepsin Phospholipase Autophagy Cancer
    Atg4B-IN-2 is a potent competitive Atg4B inhibitor with Ki value of 3.1 μM, also possesses declining PLA2 inhibitory potency, IC50s of 11 μM and 3.5 μM for Atg4B and PLA2, respectively. Atg4B-IN-2 enhances the anticancer activity of anti-castration-resistant prostate cancer drugs via autophagy inhibition.
  • HY-115576
    P62-mediated mitophagy inducer

    PMI

    Mitophagy Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    P62-mediated mitophagy inducer (PMI) is a P62-mediated mitophagy activator. P62-mediated mitophagy inducer activates mitochondrial autophagy without recruitment of Parkin or collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential and remains active in cells lacking a fully functional PINK1/Parkin pathway. P62-mediated mitophagy inducer serves as a pharmacological tool to study the molecular mechanisms of mitosis, avoiding toxicity and some of the non-specific effects associated with the sudden dissipation of mitochondria lacking membrane potential.
  • HY-135318
    NBDHEX

    Glutathione Peroxidase Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    NBDHEX is a potent glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) inhibitor. NBDHEX induces apoptosis of tumor cells. NBDHEX acts as an anticancer agent by inhibiting GSTs catalytic activity, avoiding inconvenience of the inhibitor extrusion from the cell by specific pumps and disrupting the interaction between the GSTP1-1 and key signaling effectors. NBDHEX can also act as late-phase autophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-108462
    ML-SA1

    TRP Channel Infection
    ML-SA1, as a selective TRPML agonist, inhibits Dengue virus 2 (DENV2) and Zika virus (ZIKV) by promoting lysosomal acidification and protease activity. The IC50 value of ML-SA1 against DENV2 RNA and ZIKV RNA is 8.3 μM and 52.99 μM, respectively. ML-SA1 induces autophagy. ML-SA1 can be used for the research of broad-spectrum antiviral.
  • HY-105037
    Forigerimod

    IPP-201101

    Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology
    Forigerimod (IPP-201101) is a CD4 T-cell modulator. Forigerimod is a 21-amino-acid fragment of U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein 70 kDa that is phosphorylated at Ser140. Forigerimod can potently inhibit autophagy. Forigerimod can be used for the research of autoimmune disorders, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) .
  • HY-N0281
    Daphnetin

    7,8-Dihydroxycoumarin

    EGFR PKA PKC Autophagy Apoptosis AMPK Akt mTOR Reactive Oxygen Species Caspase Bcl-2 Family PARP Parasite Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Daphnetin (7,8-dihydroxycoumarin), one coumarin derivative can be found in plants of the Genus Daphne, is a potent, oral active protein kinase inhibitor, with IC50s of 7.67 μM, 9.33 μM and 25.01 μM for EGFR, PKA and PKC in vitro, respectively. Daphnetin triggers ROS-induced cell apoptosis and induces cytoprotective autophagy by modulating the AMPK/Akt/mTOR pathway. Daphnetin has anti-inflammation activitity and inhibits TNF-α, IL-1ß, ROS, and MDA production. Daphnetin has schizontocidal activity against malaria parasites. Daphnetin can be used for rheumatoid arthritis , cancer and anti-malarian research.
  • HY-147108
    Mitochondria degrader-1

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Mitochondria degrader-1 (example 5) is a potent mitochondria degrader. Mitochondria degrader-1 induces the degradation of the injured mitochondria by the autophagy mechanism. Mitochondria degrader-1 can be used for the research of neurodegenerative disease, cancer, inflammatory disease, age-related disease, metabolic disease, mitochondrial disease or Down's disease.
  • HY-144782
    HDAC10-IN-2

    HDAC Autophagy Cancer
    HDAC10-IN-2 (compound 10c) is a potent and highly selective HDAC10 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 20 nM. HDAC10-IN-2 modulates autophagy in aggressive FLT3-ITD positive acute myeloid leukemia cells.
  • HY-144779
    HDAC10-IN-1

    HDAC Autophagy Cancer
    HDAC10-IN-1 (compound 13b) is a potent and highly selective HDAC10 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 58 nM. HDAC10-IN-1 modulates autophagy in aggressive FLT3-ITD positive acute myeloid leukemia cells.
  • HY-151488
    CypD-IN-4

    Sirtuin Cancer Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    CypD-IN-4 is a potent and subtype-selective cyclophilin D (CypD) inhibitor. CypD-IN-4 has CypD affinity with an IC50 value of 0.057 μM. CypD-IN-4 can be used for the research of several diseases including oxidative stress, neurodegenerative disorders, liver diseases, aging, autophagy and diabetes.
  • HY-151487
    CypD-IN-3

    Sirtuin Cancer Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    CypD-IN-3 is a potent and subtype-selective cyclophilin D (CypD) inhibitor. CypD-IN-3 has CypD affinity with an IC50 value of 0.01 μM. CypD-IN-3 can be used for the research of several diseases including oxidative stress, neurodegenerative disorders, liver diseases, aging, autophagy and diabetes.
  • HY-134050
    Apostatin-1

    Apt-1

    RIP kinase Autophagy Apoptosis Beclin1 Necroptosis Inflammation/Immunology
    Apostatin-1 (Apt-1) is a potent TRADD inhibitor. Apostatin-1 can bind with TRADD-N (KD=2.17 μM), disrupting its binding to both TRADD-C and TRAF2. Apostatin-1 modulates the ubiquitination of RIPK1 and beclin 1. Apostatin-1 blocks apoptosis and restores cellular homeostasis by activating autophagy in cells with accumulated mutant tau, α-synuclein, or huntingtin.
  • HY-118160
    PPM-18

    NSC 73233

    NO Synthase Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    PPM-18 (NSC 73233), a potent anti-inflammatory agent, inhibits nitric oxide synthase expression. PPM-18 is a potent inhibitor of iNOS expression by blocking the binding of NF-κB to promoter. PPM-18, an analog of Vitamin K, induces autophagy and apoptosis in bladder cancer cells through ROS and AMPK signaling pathways.
  • HY-147520
    FAK-IN-5

    FAK Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    FAK-IN-5 (Compound 8l) is a FAK signaling inhibitor. FAK-IN-5 induces cell apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-125197
    BRD5631

    Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology
    BRD5631 is an autophagy enhancer, enhances autophagy through an mTOR-independent pathway. BRD5631 affects several cellular disease phenotypes previously linked to autophagy, including protein aggregation, cell survival, bacterial replication, and inflammatory cytokine production.
  • HY-N6002
    3'-Hydroxypterostilbene

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    3'-Hydroxypterostilbene is a Pterostilbene (HY-N0828) analogue. 3'-Hydroxypterostilbene inhibits the growth of COLO 205, HCT-116 and HT-29 cells with IC50s of 9.0, 40.2 and 70.9 µM, respectively. 3'-Hydroxypterostilbene significantly down-regulates PI3K/Akt and MAPKs signaling pathways and effectively inhibits the growth of human colon cancer cells by inducing apoptosis and autophagy. 3'-Hydroxypterostilbene can be used for the research of cancer.
  • HY-125465
    SLLN-15

    Autophagy Cancer
    SLLN-15 is an oral active, selective and potent enhancer of autophagy that activates cytostatic macroautophagy/autophagy in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC).
  • HY-101920
    Autophinib

    Autophagy PI3K Cancer Neurological Disease
    Autophinib is a potent, selective autophagy inhibitor with IC50s of 90 nM and 40 nM for starvation- and Rapamycin-induced autophagy, respectively. Autophinib is also an ATP competitive Vacuolar Protein Sorting 34 (VPS34) inhibitor with an IC50 of 19 nM. Autophinib inhibits autophagy induced by starvation or Rapamycin by targeting VPS34.
  • HY-17394
    Cisplatin

    cis-Platinum; CDDP; cis-Diaminodichloroplatinum

    DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Ferroptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Cisplatin (CDDP) is an antineoplastic chemotherapy agent by cross-linking with DNA and causing DNA damage in cancer cells. Cisplatin activates ferroptosis and induces autophagy.
  • HY-151536
    meso-Benzothiazole-BODIPY 505/515

    Others Neurological Disease
    meso-Benzothiazole-BODIPY 505/515 is a boron dipyrromethenes (BODIPY) -based fluorescent probeautophagy. meso-Benzothiazole-BODIPY 505/515 can be used for the research of Alzheimer’s diseases, lysosomal storage diseases and neural degeneration diseases.
  • HY-N0824
    Syringin

    Eleutheroside B

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Syringin is a main bioactive phenolic glycoside in Acanthopanax senticosus, with anti-osteoporosis activity. Syringin prevents cardiac hypertrophy induced by pressure overload through the attenuation of autophagy.
  • HY-B0015
    Paclitaxel

    Microtubule/Tubulin ADC Cytotoxin Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Paclitaxel is a naturally occurring antineoplastic agent and stabilizes tubulin polymerization. Paclitaxel can cause both mitotic arrest and apoptotic cell death. Paclitaxel also induces autophagy.
  • HY-151489
    CypE-IN-1

    Sirtuin Cancer Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    CypD-IN-1 is a potent and subtype-selective cyclophilin E (CypE) inhibitor. CypD-IN-1 has CypE affinity with IC50 and Ki values of 0.013 μM and 0.072 μM, respectively. CypD-IN-1 can be used for the research of several diseases including oxidative stress, neurodegenerative disorders, liver diseases, aging, autophagy and diabetes.
  • HY-N0221
    Daurisoline

    (R,R)-Daurisoline

    Autophagy Potassium Channel Cancer
    Daurisoline is a hERG inhibitor and also an autophagy blocker.
  • HY-17471A
    Metformin hydrochloride

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin hydrochloride (1,1-Dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride) inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin hydrochloride triggers autophagy.
  • HY-12222
    Obeticholic acid

    INT-747; 6-ECDCA; 6-Ethylchenodeoxycholic acid

    FXR Autophagy Others
    Obeticholic acid (INT-747) is a potent, selective and orally active FXR agonist with an EC50 of 99 nM. Obeticholic acid has anticholeretic and anti-inflammation effect. Obeticholic acid also induces autophagy.
  • HY-110228
    Metformin-d6 hydrochloride

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide-d6 hydrochloride

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin D6 hydrochloride is a deuterium labeled Metformin hydrochloride. Metformin hydrochloride inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin hydrochloride triggers autophagy.
  • HY-15531
    Venetoclax

    ABT-199; GDC-0199

    Bcl-2 Family Autophagy Cancer
    Venetoclax (ABT-199; GDC-0199) is a highly potent, selective and orally bioavailable Bcl-2 inhibitor with a Ki of less than 0.01 nM. Venetoclax induces autophagy.
  • HY-12795
    Vps34-IN-1

    PI3K Autophagy Cancer
    Vps34-IN-1 is an inhibitor of Vps34 extracted from patent WO2012085815A1, compound example 16a, with an IC50 of 4 nM. Vps34-IN-1 modulates autophagy.
  • HY-13629
    Etoposide

    VP-16; VP-16-213

    Topoisomerase Autophagy Mitophagy Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Etoposide (VP-16; VP-16-213) is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Etoposide inhibits topoisomerase II, thus stopping DNA replication. Etoposide induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-N2531
    Notoginsenoside Fc

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Notoginsenoside Fc, a protopanaxadiol- (PPD-) type saponin isolated from the leaves of Panax notoginseng, effectively counteracts platelet aggregation. Notoginsenoside Fc can accelerate reendothelialization following vascular injury in diabetic rats by promoting autophagy.
  • HY-B0627
    Metformin

    1,1-Dimethylbiguanide

    AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Metformin (1,1-Dimethylbiguanide) inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin can cross the blood-brain barrier and triggers autophagy.
  • HY-N2117
    Isoginkgetin

    MMP Akt NF-κB Proteasome Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Isoginkgetin is a pre-mRNA splicing inhibitor inhibitor. Isoginkgetin also inhibits activities of both Akt, NF-κB and MMP-9. Isoginkgetin inhibits the activity of the 20S proteasome, induces apoptosis and activates autophagy.
  • HY-P2260
    Tat-beclin 1

    Autophagy HIV Infection
    Tat-beclin 1, a peptide derived from a region of the autophagy protein (beclin 1), is a potent inducer of autophagy and interacts with negative regulator of autophagy, GAPR-1 (GLIPR2). Tat-beclin 1 decreases the accumulation of polyglutamine expansion protein aggregates and the replication of several pathogens (including HIV-1) in vitro, and reduces mortality in mice infected with chikungunya (CHIKV) or West Nile virus (WNV).
  • HY-100596
    AS1842856

    Autophagy Metabolic Disease
    AS1842856, a specific Foxo1 inhibitor (IC50=30 nM), potently suppresses autophagy. AS1842856 only reduces the activity of FoxO1 by binding with it, without affecting its transcription and protein expression.
  • HY-N4180
    Pennogenin 3-O-beta-chacotrioside

    Autophagy Cancer
    Pennogenin 3-O-beta-chacotrioside is an active component isolated from Paris polyphylla, modulates autophagy via increasing the expressions of autophagy-related proteins LC3 and Beclin-1. Anti-colorectal cancer activity.
  • HY-P2260A
    Tat-beclin 1 TFA

    Autophagy HIV Infection
    Tat-beclin 1 TFA, a peptide derived from a region of the autophagy protein (beclin 1), is a potent inducer of autophagy and interacts with negative regulator of autophagy, GAPR-1 (GLIPR2). Tat-beclin 1 TFA decreases the accumulation of polyglutamine expansion protein aggregates and the replication of several pathogens (including HIV-1) in vitro, and reduces mortality in mice infected with chikungunya (CHIKV) or West Nile virus (WNV).
  • HY-124726
    Aumitin

    Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    Aumitin is a diaminopyrimidine-based autophagy inhibitor which inhibits mitochondrial respiration by targeting complex I. Aumitin inhibits starvation- and rapamycin induced autophagy dose dependently with IC50s of 0.12 μM and 0.24 μM, respectively.
  • HY-110067
    VO-OHPic

    PTEN Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    VO-OHPic is a reversible, noncompetitive and selective PTEN inhibitor with an IC50 of 46 nM. VO-OHPic attenuates apoptosis, adverse cardiac remodeling, and pro-inflammatory M1 macrophages in doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. VO-OHPic inhibits autophagy.
  • HY-B0015S1
    Paclitaxel-d5 (benzoyloxy)

    Microtubule/Tubulin ADC Cytotoxin Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Paclitaxel-d5 benzoyloxy is the deuterium labeled Paclitaxel. Paclitaxel is a naturally occurring antineoplastic agent and stabilizes tubulin polymerization. Paclitaxel can cause both mitotic arrest and apoptotic cell death. Paclitaxel also induces autophagy.
  • HY-U00434
    3BDO

    mTOR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    3BDO is a new mTOR activator which can also inhibit autophagy.
  • HY-13030
    (+)-JQ-1

    JQ1

    Epigenetic Reader Domain Autophagy Ligands for Target Protein for PROTAC Cancer
    (+)-JQ-1 (JQ1) is a potent, specific, and reversible BET bromodomain inhibitor, with IC50s of 77 and 33 nM for the first and second bromodomain (BRD4(1/2)). (+)-JQ-1 also activates autophagy.
  • HY-10358
    MK-2206 dihydrochloride

    MK-2206 (2HCl)

    Akt Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    MK-2206 dihydrochloride (MK-2206 (2HCl)) is an orally active allosteric AKT inhibitor with IC50s of 5 nM, 12 nM, and 65 nM for AKT1, AKT2, and AKT3, respectively. MK-2206 dihydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-12222S1
    Obeticholic Acid-d4

    FXR Autophagy Others
    Obeticholic Acid-d4 is the deuterium labeled Obeticholic acid. Obeticholic acid (INT-747) is a potent, selective and orally active FXR agonist with an EC50 of 99 nM. Obeticholic acid has anticholeretic and anti-inflammation effect. Obeticholic acid also induces autophagy.
  • HY-12057
    Vemurafenib

    PLX4032; RG7204; RO5185426

    Raf Autophagy Cancer
    Vemurafenib (PLX4032) is a first-in-class, selective, potent inhibitor of B-RAF kinase, with IC50s of 31 and 48 nM for RAF V600E and c-RAF-1, respectively. Vemurafenib induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-15531S
    Venetoclax-d8

    ABT-199-d8; GDC-0199-d8

    Bcl-2 Family Autophagy Cancer
    Venetoclax-d8 is deuterium labeled Venetoclax. Venetoclax (ABT-199; GDC-0199) is a highly potent, selective and orally bioavailable Bcl-2 inhibitor with a Ki of less than 0.01 nM. Venetoclax induces autophagy.
  • HY-13418
    Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride

    Compound C dihydrochloride; BML-275 dihydrochloride

    AMPK TGF-β Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride (BML-275 dihydrochloride; Compound C dihydrochloride) is a potent, selective and ATP-competitive AMPK inhibitor, with a Ki of 109 nM. Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride inhibits BMP pathway by targeting the type I receptors ALK2, ALK3, and ALK6. Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-13418A
    Dorsomorphin

    Compound C; BML-275

    AMPK TGF-β Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    Dorsomorphin (Compound C) is a selective and ATP-competitive AMPK inhibitor (Ki=109 nM in the absence of AMP). Dorsomorphin (BML-275) selectively inhibits BMP type I receptors ALK2, ALK3, and ALK6. Dorsomorphin induces autophagy.
  • HY-122571
    Retro-2

    Filovirus Parasite Autophagy Cancer Infection
    Retro-2 is a selective inhibitor of retrograde protein trafficking at the endosome-trans-Golgi network interface. Retro-2 is an ebolavirus (EBOV) infection inhibitor with an EC50 of 12.2 µM in HeLa cells. Retro-2 induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-18672
    SMER18

    Autophagy Cancer
    SMER18 is a small molecule enhancer of rapamycin which act as a mTOR-independent autophagy inducer.
  • HY-10586
    5-Azacytidine

    Azacitidine; 5-AzaC; Ladakamycin

    Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog DNA Methyltransferase Bacterial Autophagy Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    5-Azacytidine (Azacitidine; 5-AzaC; Ladakamycin) is a nucleoside analogue of cytidine that specifically inhibits DNA methylation. 5-Azacytidine is incorporated into DNA to covalently trap DNA methyltransferases and contributes to reverse epigenetic changes. 5-Azacytidine induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-12057S1
    Vemurafenib-d7

    PLX4032-d7; RG7204-d7; RO5185426-d7

    Raf Autophagy Cancer
    Vemurafenib-d7 is deuterium labeled Vemurafenib. Vemurafenib (PLX4032) is a first-in-class, selective, potent inhibitor of B-RAF kinase, with IC50s of 31 and 48 nM for RAFV600E and c-RAF-1, respectively. Vemurafenib induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-133869
    cGMP-HTL

    cGMP-HaloTag-ligand

    Autophagy Cancer
    cGMP-HTL contains a HT-ligand, a linker and the Cys-S-cGMP (autophagy tag). cGMP-HTL increases the K63-linked ubiquitination of mitochondria. AUTAC (autophagy-targeting chimera) is a novel targeted-clearance strategy that contains a degradation tag (guanine derivatives) and a warhead to provide target specificity.
  • HY-12222S
    Obeticholic acid-d5

    INT-747-d5; 6-ECDCA-d5; 6-Ethylchenodeoxycholic acid-d5

    FXR Autophagy Others
    Obeticholic acid-d5 (INT-747-d5) is the deuterium labeled Obeticholic acid. Obeticholic acid (INT-747) is a potent, selective and orally active FXR agonist with an EC50 of 99 nM. Obeticholic acid has anticholeretic and anti-inflammation effect. Obeticholic acid also induces autophagy.
  • HY-N0817
    Polyphyllin G

    Apoptosis Autophagy Bacterial Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Polyphyllin G is isolated from the rhizomes of Paris yunnanensis, with antimicrobial and anticancer activity. Polyphyllin G prevents the growth of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). Polyphyllin G induces apoptosis dependent on the activations of caspase-8, -3, and -9, induces autophagy.
  • HY-141882
    DC-LC3in-D5

    Autophagy Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    DC-LC3in-D5 acts as an autophagy inhibitor by attenuating LC3B lipidation. DC-LC3in-D5 binds with LC3B. DC-LC3in-D5 disrupts the LC3B-LBP2 interaction with an IC50 of 200 nM. DC-LC3in-D5 may contribute to anti-HCV or combination treatments in cancer through inhibiting autophagy.
  • HY-B0146
    Verteporfin

    CL 318952

    YAP Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Verteporfin (CL 318952) is a photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy to eliminate the abnormal blood vessels in the eye associated with conditions such as age-related macular degeneration. Verteporfin is a YAP inhibitor which disrupts YAP-TEAD interactions. Verteporfin induces cell apoptosis. Verteporfinis an autophagy inhibitor that blocks autophagy at an early stage by inhibiting autophagosome formation.
  • HY-19551
    Apogossypolone

    ApoG2

    Bcl-2 Family Apoptosis Autophagy Fungal ROS Kinase Cancer Infection
    Apogossypolone (ApoG2) is an orally active Bcl-2 family proteins inhibitor with Ki values of 35, 25 and 660 nM for Bcl-2, Mcl-1 and Bcl-XL, respectively. Apogossypolone shows antitumor activities, induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. Apogossypolone also has antifungal activity.
  • HY-13629S1
    Etoposide-13C,d3

    VP-16-13C,d3; VP-16-213-13C,d3

    Topoisomerase Autophagy Mitophagy Bacterial Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Etoposide-13C,d3 is the 13C- and deuterium labeled Etoposide. Etoposide (VP-16; VP-16-213) is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Etoposide inhibits topoisomerase II, thus stopping DNA replication. Etoposide induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-112698
    CA-5f

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    CA-5f is a potent late-stage macroautophagy/autophagy inhibitor via inhibiting autophagosome-lysosome fusion. CA-5f increases LC3B-II (a marker to monitor autophagy) and SQSTM1 protein, and also increases ROS production. Anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-12661A
    AMG PERK 44

    PERK Autophagy Cancer
    AMG PERK 44 is an orally active and highly selective PERK inhibitor with an IC50 of 6 nM. AMG PERK 44 has 1000-fold and 160-fold selectivity over GCN2 (IC50=7300 nM) and B-Raf (IC50 >1000 nM), respectively. AMG PERK 44 induces autophagy.
  • HY-112914
    mTOR inhibitor-1

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    mTOR inhibitor-1 is a novel mTOR pathway inhibitor which can suppress cells proliferation and inducing autophagy.
  • HY-N6939
    Pseudolaric Acid B

    HBV Fungal Apoptosis Autophagy Ferroptosis Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Pseudolaric Acid B is a diterpene isolated from the root of Pseudolarix kaempferi (pinaceae), has anti-cancer, antifungal, and antifertile activities, and shows immunosuppressive activity on T lymphocytes. Pseudolaric Acid B inhibits hepatitis B virus (HBV) secretion through apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Pseudolaric Acid B induces autophagy.
  • HY-19934
    TAS-117

    Akt Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    TAS-117 is a potent, selective, orally active allosteric Akt inhibitor (with IC50s of 4.8, 1.6, and 44 nM for Akt1, 2, and 3, respectively). TAS-117 triggers anti-myeloma activities and enhances fatal endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced by proteasome inhibition. TAS-117 induces apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-19934A
    TAS-117 hydrochloride

    Akt Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    TAS-117 hydrochloride is a potent, selective, orally active allosteric Akt inhibitor (with IC50s of 4.8, 1.6, and 44 nM for Akt1, 2, and 3, respectively). TAS-117 hydrochloride triggers anti-myeloma activities and enhances fatal endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced by proteasome inhibition. TAS-117 hydrochloride induces apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-15142
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride

    Hydroxydaunorubicin hydrochloride

    Topoisomerase ADC Cytotoxin AMPK Autophagy Apoptosis HIV HBV Mitophagy Antibiotic Bacterial Cancer Infection
    Doxorubicin (Hydroxydaunorubicin) hydrochloride, a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic, is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Doxorubicin hydrochloride is a potent human DNA topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II inhibitor with IC50s of 0.8 μM and 2.67 μM, respectively. Doxorubicin hydrochloride reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK and its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Doxorubicin hydrochloride induces apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-110019
    Indatraline hydrochloride

    Lu 19-005

    Serotonin Transporter Dopamine Transporter Neurological Disease
    Indatraline hydrochloride (Lu 19-005) is a non-selective monoamine transporter inhibitor that blocks the reuptake of neurotransmitters (dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine) with efficacy similar to cocaine. Indatraline hydrochloride can be used for the research of antidepressive. Indatraline hydrochloride induces autophagy while simultaneously inhibiting cell proliferation. Indatraline hydrochloride may also serve to direct the development of new agents for autophagy-related diseases such as atherosclerosis or restenosis.
  • HY-129622
    NH2-PEG5-C6-Cl

    PROTAC Linkers Cancer
    NH2-PEG5-C6-Cl (K-7) is a linker which refers to the PEG composition. NH2-PEG5-C6-Cl can be used in the synthesis of a series of compounds that induce degradation of intracellular molecules by autophagy.
  • HY-139426
    ML-SI3

    TRP Channel Neurological Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    ML-SI3 is a TRPML Channel Inhibitor. ML-SI3 blocks TRPML1 and TRPML2 with IC50s of 4.7 µM and 1.7 µM respectively. ML-SI3 prevents lysosomal calcium efflux and blocks downstream TRPML1-mediated induction of autophagy.
  • HY-100200
    SMER28

    Autophagy Cancer
    SMER28 is a positive regulator of autophagy acting via an mTOR-independent mechanism. SMER28 prevents the accumulation of amyloid beta peptide.
  • HY-12057S
    Vemurafenib-d5

    Raf Autophagy Cancer
    Vemurafenib-d5 (PLX4032-d5) is the deuterium labeled Vemurafenib. Vemurafenib (PLX4032) is a first-in-class, selective, potent inhibitor of B-RAF kinase, with IC50s of 31 and 48 nM for RAF V600E and c-RAF-1, respectively. Vemurafenib induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-10295A
    SB 202190 hydrochloride

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    SB 202190 hydrochloride is a selective p38 MAP kinase inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 100 nM for p38α and p38β2, respectively. SB 202190 hydrochloride binds to the ATP pocket of the active recombinant human p38 kinase with a Kd of 38 nM. SB 202190 hydrochloride has anti-cancer activity. SB202190 hydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-123056
    EAD1

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    EAD1 is a potent autophagy inhibitor with antiproliferative activity in lung and pancreatic cancer cells. EAD1 also induces apoptosis.
  • HY-15184
    Elaiophylin

    Azalomycin B; Gopalamicin; Efomycin E

    Autophagy Antibiotic Cancer
    Elaiophylin (Azalomycin B; Gopalamicin; Efomycin E) is an autophagy inhibitor, exerts antitumor activity as a single agent in ovarian cancer cells.
  • HY-139742
    ADTL-SA1215

    Sirtuin Cancer
    ADTL-SA1215 is a first-in-class specific small-molecule activator of SIRT3 that modulates autophagy in triple negative breast cancer.
  • HY-70002
    Enzalutamide

    MDV3100

    Androgen Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    Enzalutamide (MDV3100) is an androgen receptor (AR) antagonist with an IC50 of 36 nM in LNCaP prostate cells. Enzalutamide is an autophagy activator.
  • HY-122404
    Xantocillin

    Xanthocillin X

    MEK ERK Autophagy Cancer
    Xantocillin (Xanthocillin X) is a marine agent extracted from Penicillium commune, induces autophagy through inhibition of the MEK/ERK pathway.
  • HY-50910
    Temsirolimus

    CCI-779

    mTOR Autophagy Apoptosis Bacterial Cancer
    Temsirolimus is an inhibitor of mTOR with an IC50 of 1.76 μM. Temsirolimus activates autophagy and prevents deterioration of cardiac function in animal model.
  • HY-N2359
    Chelerythrine

    PKC Bcl-2 Family Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Chelerythrine is a natural alkaloid, acts as a potent and selective Ca 2+/phospholopid-dependent PKC antagonist, with an IC50 of 0.7 μM. Chelerythrine has antitumor, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory activity. Chelerythrine inhibits the BclXL-Bak BH3 peptide binding with IC50 of 1.5 μM and displaces Bax from BclXL. Chelerythrine triggers apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-15142A
    Doxorubicin

    Hydroxydaunorubicin

    Topoisomerase ADC Cytotoxin AMPK Autophagy Mitophagy Apoptosis Antibiotic Bacterial HBV HIV Cancer Infection
    Doxorubicin (Hydroxydaunorubicin), a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic, is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Doxorubicin inhibits topoisomerase II with an IC50 of 2.67 μM, thus stopping DNA replication. Doxorubicin reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK and its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Doxorubicin induces apoptosis and autophagy. Doxorubicin inhibits human DNA topoisomerase I with an IC50 of 0.8 μM.
  • HY-10295
    SB 202190

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    SB 202190 is a selective p38 MAP kinase inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 100 nM for p38α and p38β2, respectively. SB 202190 binds to the ATP pocket of the active recombinant human p38 kinase with a Kd of 38 nM. SB 202190 has anti-cancer activity and rescued memory deficits. SB202190 induces autophagy.
  • HY-N0901A
    Corynoxine B

    Autophagy Cancer
    Corynoxine B is an oxindole alkaloid isolated from Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Jacks (Gouteng in Chinese); a Beclin-1-dependent autophagy inducer.
  • HY-118620
    Nortriptyline

    Desmethylamitriptyline; Desitriptilina

    Autophagy Drug Metabolite Cancer Neurological Disease
    Nortriptyline (Desmethylamitriptyline), the main active metabolite of Amitriptyline, is a tricyclic antidepressant used to relieve the symptoms of depression. Nortriptyline is a potent autophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-B1417
    Nortriptyline hydrochloride

    Desmethylamitriptyline hydrochloride; Desitriptilina hydrochloride

    Autophagy Drug Metabolite Cancer Neurological Disease
    Nortriptyline hydrochloride (Desmethylamitriptyline hydrochloride), the main active metabolite of Amitriptyline, is a tricyclic antidepressant used to relieve the symptoms of depression. Nortriptyline hydrochloride is a potent autophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-125848
    Ginsenoside F2

    Apoptosis Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Ginsenoside F2, a metabolite from Ginsenoside Rb1, induces apoptosis accompanied by protective autophagy in breast cancer stem cells.
  • HY-115453
    UBCS039

    Sirtuin Autophagy Cancer
    UBCS039 is the first synthetic, specific Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) activator, inducing autophagy in human tumor cells, with an EC50 of 38 μM.
  • HY-112897
    IITZ-01

    Autophagy PI3K Apoptosis Cancer
    IITZ-01 is a potent lysosomotropic autophagy inhibitor with single-agent antitumor activity, with an IC50 of 2.62 μM for PI3Kγ.
  • HY-128140
    Z-FY-CHO

    Z-Phe-Tyr-CHO

    Cathepsin Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Z-FY-CHO (Z-Phe-Tyr-CHO) is a potent and specific cathepsin L (CTSL) inhibitor.
  • HY-N3442
    Juglanin

    JNK Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Juglanin, a natural occurring flavonoid, is a JNK acticator, with inflammation and anti-tumor activities. Juglanin can induce apoptosis and autophagy on human breast cancer cells.
  • HY-111621
    DC661

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    DC661 is a potent palmitoyl-protein thioesterase 1 (PPT1) inhibitor, inhibits autophagy, and acts as an anti-lysosomal agent. Anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-15893
    DMOG

    Dimethyloxallyl Glycine

    HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Autophagy Cancer
    DMOG (Dimethyloxallyl Glycine) is a cell permeable and competitive inhibitor of HIF-PH, which results in HIF-1α stabilisation and accmulation in vitro and in vivo. DMOG is an α-ketoglutarate analogue and inhibits α-KG-dependent hydroxylases. DMOG acts as a pro-angiogenic agent and plays a protective role in experimental model of colitis and diarrhoea via HIF-1 related signal. DMOG induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-10514
    BX795

    PDK-1 IKK Autophagy Cancer
    BX795 is a potent and selective inhibitor of PDK1, with an IC50 of 6 nM. BX795 is also a potent and relatively specific inhibitor of TBK1 and IKKɛ, with an IC50 of 6 and 41 nM, respectively. BX795 blocks phosphorylation of S6K1, Akt, PKCδ, and GSK3β, and has lower selectivity over PKA, PKC, c-Kit, GSK3β etc. BX795 modulates autophagy.
  • HY-15371
    Forskolin

    Coleonol; Colforsin; HL 362

    Adenylate Cyclase FXR Autophagy Cancer Endocrinology Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Forskolin (Coleonol) is a potent adenylate cyclase activator with an IC50 of 41 nM and an EC50 of 0.5 μM for type I adenylyl cyclase. Forskolin is also an inducer of intracellular cAMP formation. Forskolin induces differentiation of various cell types and activates pregnane X receptor (PXR) and FXR. Forskolin exerts a inotropic effect on the heart, and has platelet antiaggregatory and antihypertensive actions. Forskolin also induces autophagy.
  • HY-150411
    Cys-C-cGMP

    AUTACs Cancer
    Cys-C-cGMP is a autophagy tag for AUTACs. Cys-C-cGMP can increase the K63-linked ubiquitination of mitochondria in HeLa cells.
  • HY-135811
    Desethyl chloroquine

    Parasite Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Autophagy Infection
    Desethyl chloroquine is a major desethyl metabolite of Chloroquine. Chloroquine diphosphate is an inhibitor of autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs). Desethyl chloroquine possesses antiplasmodic activity.
  • HY-121532
    (-)-Rasfonin

    Ras Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    (-)-Rasfonin is a fungal secondary metabolite and inhibits small G proteins Ras. (-)-Rasfonin induces apoptosis, necrosis and autophagy in ACHN cells (a renal carcinoma cell line).
  • HY-N2149A
    Tomatidine hydrochloride

    NF-κB JNK Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Tomatidine hydrochloride acts as an anti-inflammatory agent by blocking NF-κB and JNK signaling. Tomatidine hydrochloride activates autophagy either in mammal cells or C elegans.
  • HY-N2149
    Tomatidine

    NF-κB JNK Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Tomatidine acts as an anti-inflammatory agent by blocking NF-κB and JNK signaling. Tomatidine activates autophagy either in mammal cells or C elegans.
  • HY-N2991
    Dehydropachymic acid

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    Dehydropachymic acid is one of the major triterpenes isolated from Poria cocos. Dehydropachymic acid is more effective in autophagy-lysosome pathway (ALP) impaired cells rather than normal cells.
  • HY-112818
    S130

    Cathepsin Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    S130 is a high affinity, selective inhibitor of ATG4B (a major cysteine protease) with an IC50 of 3.24 µM. S130 suppresses autophagy flux.
  • HY-N0399
    Wogonoside

    Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Wogonoside, a flavonoid glycoside isolated from Huangqin, possesses anti-inflammatory effects. Wogonoside induces autophagy in breast cancer cells by regulating MAPK-mTOR pathway.
  • HY-10182B
    Laduviglusib trihydrochloride

    CHIR-99021 trihydrochloride; CT99021 trihydrochloride

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    Laduviglusib (CHIR-99021) trihydrochloride is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. Laduviglusib trihydrochloride shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. Laduviglusib trihydrochloride is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. Laduviglusib trihydrochloride enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. Laduviglusib trihydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-15425
    PF-543

    Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II

    SphK LPL Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    PF-543 (Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II) is a potent, selective, reversible and sphingosine-competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 2 nM and a Ki of 3.6 nM. PF-543 is >100-fold selectivity for SPHK1 over SPHK2. PF-543 is an effective potent inhibitor of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) formation in whole blood with an IC50 of 26.7 nM. PF-543 induces apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-10182
    Laduviglusib

    CHIR-99021; CT99021

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    Laduviglusib (CHIR-99021) is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. Laduviglusib shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. Laduviglusib is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. Laduviglusib enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. Laduviglusib induces autophagy.
  • HY-10115
    PI-103

    PI3K mTOR DNA-PK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    PI-103 is a potent PI3K and mTOR inhibitor with IC50s of 8 nM, 88 nM, 48 nM, 150 nM, 20 nM, and 83 nM for p110α, p110β, p110δ, p110γ, mTORC1, and mTORC2. PI-103 also inhibits DNA-PK with an IC50 of 2 nM. PI-103 induces autophagy.
  • HY-15425B
    PF-543 hydrochloride

    Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II hydrochloride

    SphK LPL Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    PF-543 hydrochloride (Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II hydrochloride) is a potent, selective, reversible and sphingosine-competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 2 nM and a Ki of 3.6 nM. PF-543 hydrochloride is >100-fold selectivity for SPHK1 over SPHK2. PF-543 hydrochloride is an effective potent inhibitor of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) formation in whole blood with an IC50 of 26.7 nM. PF-543 hydrochloride induces apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-15206S
    Glyburide-d11

    Potassium Channel Mitochondrial Metabolism Autophagy CFTR P-glycoprotein Metabolic Disease
    Glyburide-d11 is the deuterium labeled Glibenclamide. Glibenclamide (Glyburide) is an orally active ATP-sensitive K + channel (KATP) inhibitor and can be used for the research of diabetes and obesity. Glibenclamide inhibits P-glycoprotein. Glibenclamide directly binds and blocks the SUR1 subunits of KATP and inhibits the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein (CFTR). Glibenclamide interferes with mitochondrial bioenergetics by inducing changes on membrane ion permeability. Glibenclamide can induce autophagy.
  • HY-10115A
    PI-103 Hydrochloride

    PI3K mTOR DNA-PK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    PI-103 Hydrochloride is a dual PI3K and mTOR inhibitor with IC50s of 8 nM, 88 nM, 48 nM, 150 nM, 20 nM, and 83 nM for p110α, p110β, p110δ, p110γ, mTORC1, and mTORC2. PI-103 Hydrochloride also inhibits DNA-PK with an IC50 of 2 nM. PI-103 Hydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-13251
    Silvestrol

    (-)-Silvestrol

    Eukaryotic Initiation Factor (eIF) Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Silvestrol is a eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) inhibitor isolated from Agave americana Linn.. Silvestrol induces autophagy and caspase-mediated apoptosis.
  • HY-12990
    Spautin-1

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Spautin-1 is a specific and potent autophagy inhibitor which inhibits ubiquitin-specific peptidases, USP10 and USP13 with IC50s of 0.6-0.7 μM.
  • HY-101106
    AR7

    RAR/RXR Cancer Neurological Disease
    AR7 is an atypical RARA/RARα (retinoic acid receptor, alpha) antagonist. AR7 specifically activates chaperone-mediated-autophagy (CMA) activity without affecting macroautophagy.
  • HY-N4176
    Ginkgolide K

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    Ginkgolide K, isolated from Ginkgo biloba, induces protective autophagy through the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 signaling pathway. Ginkgolide K possesses neuroprotective activity.
  • HY-N10408
    Tripchlorolide

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    Tripchlorolide is a neuroprotective agent that can be found in Tripterygium wilfordii. Tripchlorolide prevents tumor growth by inducing apoptosis and autophagy. Tripchlorolide improves cognitive deficits in Alzheimer's disease.
  • HY-135811A
    Desethyl chloroquine diphosphate

    Parasite Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Autophagy Infection
    Desethyl chloroquine diphosphate is a major desethyl metabolite of Chloroquine. Chloroquine diphosphate is an inhibitor of autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs). Desethyl chloroquine diphosphate possesses antiplasmodic activity.
  • HY-13417A
    AICAR phosphate

    Acadesine phosphate; AICA Riboside phosphate

    AMPK Autophagy YAP Mitophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    AICAR phosphate (Acadesine phosphate) is an adenosine analog and a AMPK activator. AICAR phosphate regulates the glucose and lipid metabolism, and inhibits proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS production. AICAR phosphate is also an autophagy, YAP and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-100599
    Urolithin A

    Drug Metabolite Reactive Oxygen Species DNA/RNA Synthesis Autophagy Apoptosis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Urolithin A, a gut-microbial metabolite of ellagic acid, exerts anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antioxidant properties. Urolithin A induces autophagy and apoptosis, suppresses cell cycle progression, and inhibits DNA synthesis.
  • HY-129111
    EACC

    Autophagy Infection Neurological Disease
    EACC is a reversible autophagy inhibitor, which can block autophagic flux. EACC selectively inhibits the translocation of autophagosome-specific SNARE Stx17 thereby blocking autophagosome-lysosome fusion.
  • HY-N6074
    Soyasapogenol B

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Soyasapogenol B, an ingredient of soybean, exerts anti-proliferative, anti-metastatic activities. Soyasapogenol B triggers endoplasmic reticulum stress, which mediates apoptosis and autophagy in colorectal cancer.
  • HY-N6038
    Gartanin

    Fungal Autophagy Cancer
    Gartanin is a natural xanthone of mangosteen, with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, neuroprotective and antineoplastic properties. Gartanin induces cell cycle arrest and autophagy and suppresses migration in human glioma cells.
  • HY-14618
    Zingiberene

    α-Zingiberene; (-)-Zingiberene

    Autophagy Cancer
    Zingiberene (α-Zingiberene) is a monocyclic sesquiterpene which is the predominant constituent of ginger with oil content (Zingiber officinale). Neuroprotective potential. Zingiberene triggers autophagy. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-13417
    AICAR

    Acadesine; AICA Riboside

    AMPK Autophagy YAP Mitophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    AICAR (Acadesine) is an adenosine analog and a AMPK activator. AICAR regulates the glucose and lipid metabolism, and inhibits proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS production. AICAR is also an autophagy, YAP and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-U00141
    ABTL-0812

    α-Hydroxylinoleic acid

    Autophagy Metabolic Disease
    ABTL-0812 (α-Hydroxylinoleic acid) induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated autophagy. ABTL-0812 is a first-in-class small molecule with anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-10182A
    Laduviglusib monohydrochloride

    CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride; CT99021 monohydrochloride

    GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy Cancer
    Laduviglusib (CHIR-99021) monohydrochloride is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride induces autophagy.
  • HY-12028
    PD98059

    MEK ERK Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    PD98059 is a potent and selective MEK inhibitor with an IC50 of 5 µM. PD98059 binds to the inactive form of MEK, thereby preventing the activation of MEK1 (IC50 of 2-7 µM) and MEK2 (IC50 of 50 µM) by upstream kinases. PD98059 is a ERK1/2 signaling inhibitor. PD98059 is a ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), and suppresses TCDD binding (IC50 of 4 μM) and AHR transformation (IC50 of 1 μM). PD98059 also inhibits autophagy.
  • HY-15425A
    PF-543 Citrate

    Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II Citrate

    SphK LPL Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    PF-543 Citrate (Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II Citrate) is a potent, selective, reversible and sphingosine-competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 2 nM and a Ki of 3.6 nM. PF-543 Citrate is >100-fold selectivity for SPHK1 over SPHK2. PF-543 Citrate is an effective potent inhibitor of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) formation in whole blood with an IC50 of 26.7 nM. PF-543 Citrate induces apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-15206S1
    Glyburide-d3

    Glyburide-d3

    Potassium Channel Mitochondrial Metabolism Autophagy CFTR P-glycoprotein Metabolic Disease
    Glyburide-d3 (Glyburide-d3) is the deuterium labeled Glibenclamide. Glibenclamide (Glyburide) is an orally active ATP-sensitive K + channel (KATP) inhibitor and can be used for the research of diabetes and obesity. Glibenclamide inhibits P-glycoprotein. Glibenclamide directly binds and blocks the SUR1 subunits of KATP and inhibits the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein (CFTR). Glibenclamide interferes with mitochondrial bioenergetics by inducing changes on membrane ion permeability. Glibenclamide can induce autophagy.
  • HY-Y1269
    Ammonium chloride

    Autophagy Cancer
    Ammonium chloride, as a heteropolar compound with pH value regulation, can cause intracellular alkalization and metabolic acidosis thus effecting enzymatic activity and influencing the process of biological system. Ammonium chloride is an autophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-13003
    Torin 1

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    Torin 1 is a potent inhibitor of mTOR with an IC50 of 3 nM. Torin 1 inhibits both mTORC1/2 complexes with IC50 values between 2 and 10 nM. Torin 1 is an effective inducer of autophagy.
  • HY-N2593
    Isorhapontigenin

    Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Isorhapontigenin, an orally bioavailable dietary polyphenol isolated from the Chinese herb Gnetum cleistostachyum, displays anti-inflammatory effects. Isorhapontigenin induces autophagy and inhibits invasive bladder cancer formation.
  • HY-B0561
    Spironolactone

    SC9420

    Mineralocorticoid Receptor Androgen Receptor Autophagy Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Spironolactone (SC9420) is an orally active aldosterone mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist with an IC50 of 24 nM. Spironolactone is also a potent antagonist of androgen receptor with an IC50 of 77 nM. Spironolactone promotes autophagy in podocytes.
  • HY-128340
    Autogramin-2

    Autophagy Cancer
    Autogramin-2 potently inhibits autophagy induced by either starvation (IC50=0.27 μM) or mTORC1 inhibition (Rapamycin; IC50=0.14 μM).
  • HY-128339
    Autogramin-1

    Autophagy Cancer
    Autogramin-1 potently inhibits autophagy induced by either starvation (IC50=0.17 μM) or mTORC1 inhibition (Rapamycin; IC50=0.44 μM).
  • HY-16966
    SBI-0206965

    ULK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    SBI-0206965 is a potent, selective and cell permeable autophagy kinase ULK1 inhibitor with IC50s of 108 nM for ULK1 kinase and 711 nM for the highly related kinase ULK2.
  • HY-10999
    Trametinib

    GSK1120212; JTP-74057

    MEK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Trametinib (GSK1120212; JTP-74057) is an orally active MEK inhibitor that inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50s of about 2 nM. Trametinib activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N0730
    Diosgenin glucoside

    Autophagy Apoptosis Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Diosgenin glucoside, a saponin compound extracted from Trillium tschonoskii, provides neuroprotection by regulating microglial M1 polarization. Diosgenin glucoside protects against spinal cord injury by regulating autophagy and alleviating apoptosis .
  • HY-12031A
    U0126

    MEK Autophagy Mitophagy Influenza Virus Cancer
    U0126 is a potent, non-ATP competitive and selective MEK1 and MEK2 inhibitor, with IC50s of 72 nM and 58 nM, respectively. U0126 is an autophagy and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-N3005
    Britannin

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Britannin, isolated from Inula aucheriana, is a sesquiterpene lactone. Britannin induces apoptosis and autophagy by activating AMPK regulated by ROS in liver cancer cells. Britannin has anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-100548
    GSK621

    AMPK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    GSK621 is a specific AMPK activator, with IC50 values of 13-30 μM for AML cells. GSK621 induces autophagy and apoptosis. GSK621 induces eiF2α phosphorylation-a hallmark of UPR activation.
  • HY-10162
    Olaparib

    AZD2281; KU0059436

    PARP Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer
    Olaparib (AZD2281; KU0059436) is a potent and orally active PARP inhibitor with IC50s of 5 and 1 nM for PARP1 and PARP2, respectively. Olaparib is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-148255
    QN523

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    QN523 is a novel scaffold with drug-like properties, showing potent in vitro cytotoxicity in a panel of 12 cancer cell lines. QN523 induces apoptosis and autophagy. QN523 can be used in research of cancer.
  • HY-100746
    STF-62247

    Autophagy Cancer
    STF-62247 is an autophagy inducer that selectively cytotoxic to VHL-deficient renal cell carcinoma (IC50 of 0.625 μM and 16 μM in RCC4 and RCC4/VHL cells, respectively).
  • HY-117665
    Fimaporfin

    TPCS2a

    Others Cancer
    Fimaporfin (TPCS2a) is an endosomal/lysosomal-localizing photosensitizer.
  • HY-114490
    ULK-101

    ULK Cancer
    ULK-101 is a potent and selective ULK1 inhibitor, with IC50 values of 1.6 nM and 30 nM for ULK1 and ULK2, respectively. ULK-101 suppresses autophagy and sensitizes cancer cells to nutrient stress.
  • HY-116506
    Bigelovin

    RAR/RXR Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Bigelovin, a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Inula hupehensis, is a selective retinoid X receptor α agonist. Bigelovin suppresses tumor growth through inducing apoptosis and autophagy via the inhibition of mTOR pathway regulated by ROS generation.
  • HY-124729A
    (Rac)-BL-918

    ULK Autophagy Neurological Disease
    (Rac)-BL-918 is the racemate of BL-918. BL-918 is a potent activator of UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1), inducing cytoprotective autophagy for Parkinson’s disease treatment.
  • HY-103691
    ARN5187

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    ARN5187 is a lysosomotropic REV-ERBβ ligand with a dual inhibitory activity toward REV-ERB-mediated transcriptional regulation and autophagy. ARN5187 shows lysosomotropic potency and cytotoxicity. ARN5187 induces apoptosis.
  • HY-103691A
    ARN5187 trihydrochloride

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    ARN5187 trihydrochloride is a lysosomotropic REV-ERBβ ligand with a dual inhibitory activity toward REV-ERB-mediated transcriptional regulation and autophagy. ARN5187 trihydrochloride shows lysosomotropic potency and cytotoxicity. ARN5187 trihydrochloride induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N0364
    Falcarindiol

    Apoptosis Autophagy PPAR Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Falcarindiol, an orally active polyacetylenic oxylipin, activates PPARγ and increases the expression of the cholesterol transporter ABCA1 in cells. Falcarindiol induces apoptosis and autophagy. Falcarindiol has anti-inflammatory, antifungal, anticancer and antidiabetic properties.
  • HY-10542A
    (Z)-GW 5074

    Raf Neurological Disease
    (Z)-GW 5074 is a compound which interacts with both mHTT (mutant huntingtin protein) and LC3, but not but not with the wild-type HTT protein. (Z)-GW 5074 inhibits c-Raf, shows no effect on autophagy, and is effective for neurodegenerative disorder.
  • HY-135811S1
    Desethyl chloroquine-d5

    Parasite Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Autophagy Infection
    Desethyl chloroquine-d5 is deuterium labeled Desethyl chloroquine. Desethyl chloroquine is a major desethyl metabolite of Chloroquine. Chloroquine diphosphate is an inhibitor of autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs). Desethyl chloroquine possesses antiplasmodic activity.
  • HY-134184
    AUTAC2

    AUTACs Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    AUTAC2 is a FKBP12-targeting autophagy-mediated degrader (AUTAC). AUTAC2 contains an FBnG (p-Fluorobenzyl Guanine) and an SLF (c ligand of FKBP) moiety. SLF binds non-covalently to FKBP12.
  • HY-135811S
    Desethyl chloroquine-d4

    Parasite Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Autophagy Infection
    Desethyl chloroquine-d4 is the deuterium labeled Desethyl chloroquine. Desethyl chloroquine is a major desethyl metabolite of Chloroquine. Chloroquine diphosphate is an inhibitor of autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs). Desethyl chloroquine possesses antiplasmodic activity.
  • HY-12855A
    Lys05

    Lys01 trihydrochloride

    Autophagy Cancer
    Lys05 (Lys01 trihydrochloride) is a novel lysosomal autophagy inhibitor with IC50 values of 3.6, 3.8, 6 and 7.9 μM for 1205Lu, c8161, LN229 and HT-29 cell line in the MTT assay.
  • HY-108701
    Nampt-IN-3

    NAMPT HDAC Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Nampt-IN-3 (Compound 35) simultaneously inhibit nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) and HDAC with IC50s of 31 nM and 55 nM, respectively. Nampt-IN-3 effectively induces cell apoptosis and autophagy and ultimately leads to cell death.
  • HY-18676
    OSU-T315

    Integrin Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    OSU-T315 (ILK-IN-1) is a small Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.6 μM, inhibiting PI3K/AKT signaling by dephosphorylation of AKT-Ser473 and other ILK targets (GSK-3β and myosin light chain). OSU-T315 abrogates AKT activation by impeding AKT localization in lipid rafts and triggers caspase-dependent apoptosis in an ILK-independent manner. OSU-T315 causes cell death through apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-W016412
    Coenzyme Q0

    CoQ0

    Apoptosis Autophagy EGFR Akt mTOR Caspase Bcl-2 Family Reactive Oxygen Species PARP COX NO Synthase TNF Receptor Interleukin Related MMP NF-κB Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Coenzyme Q0 (CoQ0) is a potent, oral active ubiquinone compound can be derived from Antrodia cinnamomea. Coenzyme Q0 induces apoptosis and autophagy, suppresses of HER-2/AKT/mTOR signaling to potentiate the apoptosis and autophagy mechanisms. Coenzyme Q0 regulates NFκB/AP-1 activation and enhances Nrf2 stabilization in attenuation of inflammation and redox imbalance. Coenzyme Q0 has anti-angiogenic activity through downregulation of MMP-9/NF-κB and upregulation of HO-1 signaling.
  • HY-10115S
    PI-103-d8

    PI3K mTOR DNA-PK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    PI-103-d8 is the deuterium labeled PI-103. PI-103 is a potent PI3K and mTOR inhibitor with IC50s of 8 nM, 88 nM, 48 nM, 150 nM, 20 nM, and 83 nM for p110α, p110β, p110δ, p110γ, mTORC1, and mTORC2. PI-103 also inhibits DNA-PK with an IC50 of 2 nM. PI-103 induces autophagy.
  • HY-N6779
    Patulin

    Terinin

    Bacterial Apoptosis Autophagy Antibiotic Infection
    Patulin (Terinin) is a mycotoxin produced by fungi including the Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Byssochlamys species, is suspected to be clastogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic and cytotoxic. Patulin induces autophagy-dependent apoptosis through lysosomal-mitochondrial axis, and causes DNA damage.
  • HY-121546
    ALLO-1

    Autophagy Cancer
    ALLO-1, an autophagy receptor, is essential for autophagosome formation around paternal organelles and directly binds to the worm LC3 homologue LGG-1 through its LC3-interacting region (LIR) motif.
  • HY-B0351
    Taurine

    2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid

    Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Taurine, a sulphur-containing amino acid and an organic osmolyte involved in cell volume regulation, provides a substrate for the formation of bile salts, and plays a role in the modulation of intracellular free calcium concentration. Taurine has the ability to activate autophagy in adipocytes.
  • HY-12048
    Chelerythrine chloride

    PKC Bcl-2 Family Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Chelerythrine chloride is a potent, cell-permeable inhibitor of protein kinase C, with an IC50 of 660 nM. Chelerythrine chloride inhibits the Bcl-XL-Bak BH3 peptide binding with IC50 of 1.5 μM and displaces Bax from Bcl-XL. Chelerythrine chloride induces apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-50910S
    Temsirolimus-d3

    CCI-779-d3

    mTOR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Temsirolimus-d3 (CCI-779-d3) is the deuterium labeled Temsirolimus. Temsirolimus is an inhibitor of mTOR with an IC50 of 1.76 μM. Temsirolimus activates autophagy and prevents deterioration of cardiac function in animal model.
  • HY-19312
    3-Methyladenine

    3-MA

    PI3K Autophagy Mitophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    3-Methyladenine (3-MA) is a PI3K inhibitor. 3-Methyladenine is a widely used inhibitor of autophagy via its inhibitory effect on class III PI3K.
  • HY-50910S1
    Temsirolimus-d7

    CCI-779-d7

    mTOR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Temsirolimus-d7 (CCI-779-d7) is the deuterium labeled Temsirolimus. Temsirolimus is an inhibitor of mTOR with an IC50 of 1.76 μM. Temsirolimus activates autophagy and prevents deterioration of cardiac function in animal model.
  • HY-15609
    AZD-3463

    ALK/IGF1R inhibitor

    IGF-1R Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Endocrinology
    AZD-3463 (ALK/IGF1R inhibitor) is an orally active ALK/IGF1R inhibitor, with a Ki of 0.75 nM for ALK. AZD3463 induces apoptosis and autophagy in neuroblastoma cells.
  • HY-12031
    U0126-EtOH

    MEK Autophagy Mitophagy Influenza Virus Cancer
    U0126 (U0126-EtOH) is a potent, non-ATP competitive and selective MEK1 and MEK2 inhibitor, with IC50s of 72 nM and 58 nM, respectively. U0126 is an autophagy and mitophagy inhibitor.
  • HY-103706
    ROC-325

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    ROC-325 is a potent and orally active autophagy inhibitor with a strong anticancer activity. ROC-325 induces the deacidification of lysosomes, accumulation of autophagosomes, and disrupted autophagic flux. ROC-325 also induces renal cell carcinoma apoptosis.
  • HY-N0072
    Brazilin

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Brazilin is a red dye precursor obtained from the heartwood of several species of tropical hardwoods. Brazilin inhibits the cells proliferation, promotes apoptosis, and induces autophagy through the AMPK/mTOR pathway. Brazilin shows chondroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities.
  • HY-N2099
    Onjisaponin B

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    Onjisaponin B is a natural product derived from Polygala tenuifolia. Onjisaponin B enhances autophagy and accelerates the degradation of mutant α-synuclein and huntingtin in PC-12 cells, and exbibits potential therapeutic effects on Parkinson disease and Huntington disease.
  • HY-12406
    VLX600

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Autophagy Cancer
    VLX600 is an iron-chelating inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). VLX600 causes mitochondrial dysfunction and induces a strong shift to glycolysis. VLX600 displays selective cytotoxic activity against malignant cell and induces autophagy. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-N6872
    Actein

    JNK Akt Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Actein is a triterpene glycoside isolated from the rhizomes of Cimicifuga foetida. Actein suppresses cell proliferation, induces autophagy and apoptosis through promoting ROS/JNK activation, and blunting AKT pathway in human bladder cancer. Actein has little toxicity in vivo.
  • HY-B1039
    Ambroxol

    NA-872

    Glucosidase Autophagy Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Ambroxol (NA-872), an active metabolite of the prodrug Bromhexine, has potent expectorant effects. Ambroxol is a glucocerebrosidase (GCase) chaperone and increases glucocerebrosidase activity. Ambroxol induces lung autophagy and has the potential for Parkinson disease and neuronopathic Gaucher disease research.
  • HY-137978
    Ezurpimtrostat

    GNS561

    Others Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Ezurpimtrostat (compound 2-2) is a potent and orally active anti-fibrotic agent. Ezurpimtrostat can be used for the research of fibrosis, cancer, autophagy and cathepsins B (CTSB), L (CTSL) and D (CTSD) related diseases (extracted from patent WO2020048694 A1).
  • HY-B1039A
    Ambroxol hydrochloride

    NA-872 hydrochloride

    Glucosidase Autophagy Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Ambroxol hydrochloride (NA-872 hydrochloride), an active metabolite of the prodrug Bromhexine, has potent expectorant effects. Ambroxol hydrochloride is a glucocerebrosidase (GCase) chaperone and increases glucocerebrosidase activity. Ambroxol hydrochloride induces lung autophagy and has the potential for Parkinson disease and neuronopathic Gaucher disease research.
  • HY-50910S2
    Temsirolimus-d3-1

    CCI-779-d3-1

    mTOR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Temsirolimus-d3-1 (CCI-779-d3-1) is the deuterium labeled Temsirolimus. Temsirolimus is an inhibitor of mTOR with an IC50 of 1.76 μM. Temsirolimus activates autophagy and prevents deterioration of cardiac function in animal model.
  • HY-101923B
    LYN-1604 dihydrochloride

    ULK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    LYN-1604 dihydrochloride is a potent UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) activator (EC50=18.94 nM) for the research of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).
  • HY-19826
    Isofistularin-3

    DNA Methyltransferase ADC Cytotoxin Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Isofistularin-3 is a direct, DNA-competitive DNMT1 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 13.5 μM. Isofistularin-3, as a DNA demethylating agent, induces cell cycle arrest and sensitization to TRAIL in cancer cells. Isofistularin-3 can be used as an ADC cytotoxin.
  • HY-101923A
    LYN-1604 hydrochloride

    ULK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    LYN-1604 hydrochloride is a potent UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) activator (EC50=18.94 nM) for the research of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).
  • HY-101923
    LYN-1604

    ULK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    LYN-1604 is a potent UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) activator (EC50=18.94 nM) for the research of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).
  • HY-N0735
    Phellodendrine chloride

    Autophagy Cancer
    Phellodendrine chloride is a plant alkaloid found in Phellodendron amurense. Phellodendrine chloride suppresses the proliferation of KRAS mutated pancreatic cancer cells through inhibition of nutrients uptake via macropinocytosis . Phellodendrine chloride promotes autophagy by regulating the AMPK/mTOR pathway and reduce the intestinal damage of ulcerative colitis.
  • HY-B0561S2
    Spironolactone-d3-1

    SC9420-d3-1

    Mineralocorticoid Receptor Androgen Receptor Autophagy Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Spironolactone-d3-1 is deuterium labeled Spironolactone. Spironolactone (SC9420) is an orally active aldosterone mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist with an IC50 of 24 nM. Spironolactone is also a potent antagonist of androgen receptor with an IC50 of 77 nM. Spironolactone promotes autophagy in podocytes.
  • HY-10999S
    Trametinib-d4

    MEK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Trametinib-d4 is the deuterium labeled Trametinib. Trametinib (GSK1120212; JTP-74057) is an orally active MEK inhibitor that inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50s of about 2 nM. Trametinib activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-B0309
    Felodipine

    Calcium Channel Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Felodipine, a dihydropyridine, is a potent, vasoselective calcium channel antagonist. Felodipine lowers blood pressure (BP) by selective action on vascular smooth muscle, especially in the resistance vessels. Felodipine, an anti-hypertensive agent, induces autophagy. Felodipine can cross the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-135825
    TFEB activator 1

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    TFEB activator 1 is an orally effective, mTOR-independent activator of TFEB. TFEB activator 1 significantly promotes the nuclear translocation of Flag-TFEB with an EC50 of 2167 nM. TFEB activator 1 enhances autophagy without inhibiting the mTOR pathway and has the potential for neurodegenerative diseases treatment.
  • HY-139535
    Luxeptinib

    CG-806

    FLT3 Btk Apoptosis Cancer
    Luxeptinib (CG-806) is an orally active, reversible, first-in-class, non-covalent and potent pan-FLT3/pan-BTK inhibitor. Luxeptinib induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis or autophagy in acute myeloid leukemia cells.
  • HY-N0112
    Dihydromyricetin

    Ampelopsin; Ampeloptin

    mTOR Influenza Virus DNA/RNA Synthesis Autophagy Cancer Infection
    Dihydromyricetin is a potent inhibitor with an IC50 of 48 μM on dihydropyrimidinase. Dihydromyricetin can activate autophagy through inhibiting mTOR signaling. Dihydromyricetin suppresses the formation of mTOR complexes (mTORC1/2). Dihydromyricetin is also a potent influenza RNA-dependent RNA polymerase inhibitor with an IC50 of 22 μM.
  • HY-12041
    SP600125

    JNK Autophagy Apoptosis Ferroptosis Cancer
    SP600125 is an orally active, reversible, and ATP-competitive JNK inhibitor with IC50s of 40, 40 and 90 nM for JNK1, JNK2 and JNK3, respectively. SP600125 is a potent ferroptosis inhibitor. SP600125 inhibits autophagy and activates apoptosis.
  • HY-137978A
    Ezurpimtrostat hydrochloride

    GNS561 hydrochloride

    Others Cancer Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Ezurpimtrostat hydrochloride (compound 2-3) is a potent and orally active anti-fibrotic agent. Ezurpimtrostat hydrochloride reduces significantly the liver fibrosis in DEN (diethyl nitrosamine) cirrhotic rat model. Ezurpimtrostat hydrochloride can be used for the research of fibrosis, cancer, autophagy and cathepsins B (CTSB), L (CTSL) and D (CTSD) related diseases .
  • HY-A0119
    Nitroprusside disodium dihydrate

    Sodium nitroprusside dihydrate; Sodium Nitroferricyanide(III) Dihydrate

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease Cancer
    Nitroprusside disodium dehydrate (Sodium nitroprusside dihydrate) is a vasodilator that available for the research of acute hypertension, heart failure. Nitroprusside disodium dehydrate induces autophagy in glutathione-depleted osteoblasts. Nitroprusside disodium dehydrate acts as a nitric oxide (NO) donor in a rat intestinal ischemia reperfusion model.
  • HY-134656
    BC1618

    AMPK Mitophagy E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    BC1618, an orally active Fbxo48 inhibitory compound, stimulates Ampk-dependent signaling (via preventing activated pAmpkα from Fbxo48-mediated degradation). BC1618 promotes mitochondrial fission, facilitates autophagy and improves hepatic insulin sensitivity.
  • HY-13630
    Etoposide phosphate

    BMY-40481

    Topoisomerase Bacterial Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    Etoposide phosphate (BMY-40481) is a potent anti-cancer chemotherapy agent and a selective topoisomerase II inhibitor to prevent re-ligation of DNA strands. Etoposide phosphate is the phosphate ester prodrug of etoposide and is considered as active equivalent to Etoposide. Etoposide phosphate induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-10162S1
    Olaparib-d8

    AZD2281-d8; KU0059436-d8

    PARP Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer
    Olaparib D8 (AZD2281 D8) is the deuterium labeled Olaparib (AZD2281). Olaparib is a potent and orally active PARP inhibitor with IC50s of 5 and 1 nM for PARP1 and PARP2, respectively. Olaparib is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-B0372A
    Bromhexine hydrochloride

    SARS-CoV Autophagy HIV Metabolic Disease
    Bromhexine hydrochloride is a potent and specific TMPRSS2 protease inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.75 μM. Bromhexine hydrochloride can prevent and manage SARS-CoV-2 infection. Bromhexine hydrochloride is an autophagy agonist. Bromhexine hydrochloride is a mucolytic cough suppressant and has the potential for a range of respiratory conditions.
  • HY-14266
    Dapivirine

    TMC120; R147681

    HIV Reverse Transcriptase Apoptosis Autophagy Infection
    Dapivirine (TMC120), the prototype of diarylpyrimidines (DAPY), is an orally active and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). Dapivirine (TMC120) binds directly to HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. Dapivirine (TMC120) regulates autophagy and induced Akt, Bad and SAPK/JNK activations.
  • HY-10999A
    Trametinib (DMSO solvate)

    GSK-1120212 (DMSO solvate); JTP-74057 (DMSO solvate)

    MEK Apoptosis Cancer
    Trametinib (DMSO solvate) (GSK-1120212 (DMSO solvate);JTP-74057 (DMSO solvate)) is an orally active MEK inhibitor that inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50s of about 2 nM. Trametinib (DMSO solvate) activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N0712
    Typhaneoside

    Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Typhaneoside, extracted from Typha angustifolia L., Typhaneoside can inhibit the excessive autophagy of hypoxia/reoxygenation cells and increase the phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR. Typhaneoside has certain effects on the cardiovascular system, including lowering blood lipid levels, promoting antiatherosclerosis activities, as well as improving immune and coagulation function.
  • HY-N6904
    Crocetin

    β-Crocetin

    Amyloid-β Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Crocetin (β-Crocetin), isolated from Crocus sativus, possesses anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and antioxidant activity. Crocetin promotes clearance of amyloid-β by inducing autophagy via the STK11/LKB1-mediated AMPK pathway.
  • HY-111383
    LX2343

    Beta-secretase PI3K Amyloid-β Autophagy Neurological Disease
    LX2343 is a BACE1 enzyme inhibitor with an IC50 value of 11.43±0.36 μM. LX2343 acts as a non-ATP competitive PI3K inhibitor with an IC50 of 15.99±3.23 μM. LX2343 stimulates autophagy in its promotion of clearance.
  • HY-137506
    XST-14

    ULK p38 MAPK TGF-β Receptor Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) CaMK Apoptosis Cancer
    XST-14 is a potent, competitive and highly selective ULK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 26.6 nM. XST-14 induces autophagy inhibition by reducing the phosphorylation of the ULK1 downstream substrate. XST-14 induces apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and has antitumor effects.
  • HY-113596A
    Acetyl coenzyme A lithium

    Acetyl-CoA lithium

    Endogenous Metabolite Autophagy Metabolic Disease Cardiovascular Disease
    Acetyl-coenzyme A (Acetyl-CoA) lithium is a membrane-impermeant central metabolic intermediate, participates in the TCA cycle and oxidative phosphorylation metabolism. Acetyl-coenzyme A lithium, regulates various cellular mechanisms by providing (sole donor) acetyl groups to target amino acid residues for post-translational acetylation reactions of proteins. Acetyl Coenzyme A lithium is also a key precursor of lipid synthesis.
  • HY-113596
    Acetyl Coenzyme A trisodium

    Acetyl-CoA trisodium

    Endogenous Metabolite Autophagy Metabolic Disease
    Acetyl-coenzyme A (Acetyl-CoA) trisodium is a membrane-impermeant central metabolic intermediate, participates in the TCA cycle and oxidative phosphorylation metabolism. Acetyl-coenzyme A trisodium, regulates various cellular mechanisms by providing (sole donor) acetyl groups to target amino acid residues for post-translational acetylation reactions of proteins. Acetyl Coenzyme A trisodium is also a key precursor of lipid synthesis.
  • HY-135231
    NL-1

    Mitochondrial Metabolism Autophagy Cancer
    NL-1 is a mitoNEET inhibitor with antileukemic effect. NL-1 inhibits REH and REH/Ara-C cells growth with IC50s of 47.35 µM and 56.26 µM, respectively. NL-1-mediated death in leukemic cells requires the activation of the autophagic pathway.
  • HY-115901
    4-PQBH

    Others Cancer
    4-PQBH is a potent Nur77 binder (KD=1.17 μM). 4-PQBH extensively induces caspase-independent cytoplasmic vacuolization and paraptosis through Nur77-mediated ER stress and autophagy. 4-PQBH can be used for cancer research.
  • HY-10218
    Everolimus

    RAD001; SDZ-RAD

    mTOR FKBP Autophagy Apoptosis Bacterial Cancer
    Everolimus (RAD001) is a Rapamycin (HY-10219) derivative and a potent, selective and orally active mTOR1 inhibitor. Everolimus binds to FKBP-12 to generate an immunosuppressive complex. Everolimus inhibits tumor cells proliferation and induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. Everolimus has potent immunosuppressive and anticancer activities.
  • HY-112483
    QX77

    Autophagy Cancer
    QX77 is a chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) activator and upregulates LAMP2A expression in vitro. QX77 induces Rab11 upregulation, rescues Rab11 down-regulation and trafficking deficiency in cystinotic cells. QX77 can impede self-renewal and promote differentiation of ES cells.
  • HY-112328
    Fascaplysin

    Apoptosis Autophagy Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer Infection
    Fascaplysin is an antimicrobial and cytotoxic red pigment, that can come from the marine sponge (Fascaplysinopsis sp.). Fascaplysin has been synthesized in seven steps from indole (65% yield). Fascaplysin can induces apoptosis and autophagy in human leukemia HL-60 cells. Fascaplysin shows anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-B0561S1
    Spironolactone-d3

    SC9420-d3

    Mineralocorticoid Receptor Androgen Receptor Autophagy Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Spironolactone-d3 (SC9420-d3) is the deuterium labeled Spironolactone. Spironolactone (SC9420) is an orally active aldosterone mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist with an IC50 of 24 nM. Spironolactone is also a potent antagonist of androgen receptor with an IC50 of 77 nM. Spironolactone promotes autophagy in podocytes.
  • HY-13630A
    Etoposide phosphate disodium

    BMY-40481 disodium

    Topoisomerase Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Neurological Disease
    Etoposide phosphate disodium (BMY-40481 disodium) is a potent anti-cancer chemotherapy agent and a selective topoisomerase II inhibitor to prevent re-ligation of DNA strands. Etoposide phosphate disodium is the phosphate ester prodrug of etoposide and is considered as active equivalent to Etoposide. Etoposide phosphate disodium induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-B0561S
    Spironolactone-d7

    SC9420-d7

    Mineralocorticoid Receptor Androgen Receptor Autophagy Metabolic Disease Cancer
    Spironolactone-d7 (SC9420-d7) is the deuterium labeled Spironolactone. Spironolactone (SC9420) is an orally active aldosterone mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist with an IC50 of 24 nM. Spironolactone is also a potent antagonist of androgen receptor with an IC50 of 77 nM. Spironolactone promotes autophagy in podocytes.
  • HY-10999S1
    Trametinib-13C6

    MEK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Trametinib-13C6 is the 13C-labeled Trametinib. Trametinib (GSK1120212; JTP-74057) is an orally active MEK inhibitor that inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50s of about 2 nM. Trametinib activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-13636
    Fulvestrant

    ICI 182780; ZD 9238; ZM 182780

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Fulvestrant (ICI 182780) is a pure antiestrogen and a potent estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist with an IC50 of 9.4 nM. Fulvestrant is also a GPR30 agonist. Fulvestrant effectively inhibits the growth of ER-positive MCF-7 cells with an IC50 of 0.29 nM. Fulvestrant also induces autophagy and has antitumor efficacy.
  • HY-W011209
    N6-Isopentenyladenosine

    Riboprine

    Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    N6-Isopentenyladenosine (Riboprine), an RNA modification found in cytokinins, which regulate plant growth/differentiation, and a subset of tRNAs, where it improves the efficiency and accuracy of translation. N6-Isopentenyladenosine, an end product of the mevalonate pathway, is an autophagy inhibitor with an interesting anti-melanoma activity.
  • HY-17363
    Dimethyl fumarate

    Keap1-Nrf2 Reactive Oxygen Species HIV Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is an orally active and brain-penetrant Nrf2 activator and induces upregulation of antioxidant gene expression. Dimethyl fumarate induces necroptosis in colon cancer cells through GSH depletion/ROS increase/MAPKs activation pathway, and also induces cell autophagy. Dimethyl fumarate can be used for multiple sclerosis research.
  • HY-50895A
    Gefitinib hydrochloride

    ZD-1839 hydrochloride

    EGFR Cancer
    Gefitinib hydrochloride (ZD1839 hydrochloride) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib hydrochloride selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib hydrochloride also induces autophagy. Gefitinib hydrochloride has antitumour activity.
  • HY-10999S2
    Trametinib-13C,d3

    GSK1120212-13C,d3; JTP-74057-13C,d3

    MEK Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Trametinib-13C,d3 is the 13C- and deuterium labeled Trametinib. Trametinib (GSK1120212; JTP-74057) is an orally active MEK inhibitor that inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50s of about 2 nM. Trametinib activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-10224A
    Panobinostat lactate

    LBH589 lactate; NVP-LBH589 lactate

    HDAC HIV Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Infection
    Panobinostat lactate is a potent and orally active non-selective HDAC inhibitor. Panobinostat lactate has antineoplastic activities. Panobinostat lactate effectively disrupts HIV latency. Panobinostat lactate induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. Panobinostat lactate can be used for the study of refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma.
  • HY-151503
    MPM-1

    Autophagy Cancer
    MPM-1, a marine Eusynstyelamides mimic, is a potent anticancer agent. MPM-1 can rapidly kill cancer cells in vitro by inducing a necrosis-like death. MPM-1 has the ability to induce immunogenic cell death. MPM-1 causes perturbation of autophagy and lysosomal swelling in cancer cells.
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine phosphate

    Parasite Autophagy SARS-CoV Toll-like Receptor (TLR) HIV Antibiotic Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-146684
    HDAC-IN-36

    HDAC Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    HDAC-IN-36 (compound 23 g) is an orally active and potent HDAC (histone deacetylase) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 11.68 nM (HDAC6). HDAC-IN-36 promotes apoptosis, autophagy and suppresses migration. HDAC-IN-36 shows anti-tumor and anti-metastatic activity, and can be used for breast cancer research.
  • HY-117985
    Evogliptin

    DA-1229

    Dipeptidyl Peptidase Autophagy Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Evogliptin (DA-1229) is an orally active DPP4 inhibitor with significant and sustained hypoglycaemic effects in mouse models. Evogliptin also inhibits the production of inflammatory and fibrotic signals in hepatocytes by inducing autophagy. Evogliptin can be used in studies of type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, renal impairment and chronic liver inflammation.
  • HY-B0309S
    Felodipine-d8

    Calcium Channel Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Felodipine-d8 is the deuterium labeled Felodipine. Felodipine, a dihydropyridine, is a potent, vasoselective calcium channel antagonist. Felodipine lowers blood pressure (BP) by selective action on vascular smooth muscle, especially in the resistance vessels. Felodipine, an anti-hypertensive agent, induces autophagy. Felodipine can cross the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-17589B
    Chloroquine dihydrochloride

    Parasite Autophagy SARS-CoV Toll-like Receptor (TLR) HIV Antibiotic Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Chloroquine dihydrochloride is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine dihydrochloride is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine dihydrochloride is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-13516
    Aloperine

    Apoptosis Autophagy Filovirus HIV Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Aloperine is an alkaloid in sophora plants such as Sophora alopecuroides L, which has shown anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-virus properties. Aloperine is widely used to treat patients with allergic contact dermatitis eczema and other skin inflammation in China. Aloperine induces apoptosis and autophagy in HL-60 cells.
  • HY-B0006A
    Carvedilol phosphate hemihydrate

    BM 14190 phosphate hemihydrate

    Adrenergic Receptor Autophagy Bacterial Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Carvedilol phosphate hemihydrate (BM 14190 phosphate hemihydrate) is a non-selective β/α-1 blocker. Carvedilol phosphate hemihydrate inhibits lipid peroxidation with an IC50 of 5 μM. Carvedilol phosphate hemihydrate is a multiple action antihypertensive agent with potential use in angina and congestive heart failure. Carvedilol phosphate hemihydrate is an autophagy inducer that inhibits the NLRP3 inflammasome.
  • HY-19992
    3-Bromopyruvic acid

    Bromopyruvic acid; Hexokinase II Inhibitor II, 3-BP

    Hexokinase Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    3-Bromopyruvate (Bromopyruvic acid) is an analogue of pyruvate and a potent hexokinase (HK)-II inhibitor with high tumor selectivity. 3-Bromopyruvate inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis through interfering with glycolysis. 3-Bromopyruvate induces autophagy by stimulating ROS formation in breast cancer cells. Antimicrobial activities.
  • HY-10197
    Wortmannin

    SL-2052; KY-12420

    PI3K Polo-like Kinase (PLK) Autophagy Antibiotic Cancer
    Wortmannin (SL-2052; KY-12420) is a potent, selective and irreversible PI3K inhibitor with an IC50 of 3 nM. Wortmannin also blocks autophagy formation, and potently inhibits Polo-like kinase 1 (PlK1) and Plk3 with IC50s of 5.8 and 48 nM, respectively.
  • HY-B0309S1
    Felodipine-d5

    Calcium Channel Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Felodipine-d5 is deuterium labeled Felodipine. Felodipine, a dihydropyridine, is a potent, vasoselective calcium channel antagonist. Felodipine lowers blood pressure (BP) by selective action on vascular smooth muscle, especially in the resistance vessels. Felodipine, an anti-hypertensive agent, induces autophagy. Felodipine can cross the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-146390
    Antiproliferative agent-5

    Autophagy Reactive Oxygen Species Cancer
    Antiproliferative agent-5 (compound 4o) can significantly and irreversibly inhibit proliferation of gastric cancer cells. Antiproliferative agent-5 causes the G2/M phase arrest, and induces ROS accumulation and activation of autophagy. Antiproliferative agent-5 can be used for researching anticancer.
  • HY-N0047
    Polyphyllin I

    JNK mTOR Akt PDK-1 Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Polyphyllin I is a bioactive constituent extracted from Paris polyphylla, has strong anti-tumor activity. Polyphyllin I is an activator of the JNK signaling pathway and is an inhibitor of PDK1/Akt/mTOR signaling. Polyphyllin I induces autophagy, G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis.
  • HY-B0309S2
    Felodipine-d3

    Calcium Channel Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Felodipine-d3 is the deuterium labeled Felodipine. Felodipine, a dihydropyridine, is a potent, vasoselective calcium channel antagonist. Felodipine lowers blood pressure (BP) by selective action on vascular smooth muscle, especially in the resistance vessels. Felodipine, an anti-hypertensive agent, induces autophagy. Felodipine can cross the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine

    Parasite Autophagy SARS-CoV Toll-like Receptor (TLR) HIV Antibiotic Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-15597
    Salinomycin

    Procoxacin

    Bacterial Wnt β-catenin Mitophagy Autophagy Apoptosis Antibiotic Parasite Cancer
    Salinomycin (Procoxacin), a polyether potassium ionophore antibiotic, selectively inhibits the growth of gram-positive bacteria. Salinomycin is a potent inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, blocks Wnt-induced LRP6 phosphorylation. Salinomycin (Procoxacin) shows selective activity against human cancer stem cells.
  • HY-10971A
    Alisertib sodium

    MLN 8237 sodium

    Aurora Kinase Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Alisertib (MLN 8237) sodium is an orally active and selective Aurora A kinase inhibitor (IC50=1.2 nM), which binds to Aurora A kinase resulting in mitotic spindle abnormalities, mitotic accumulation. Alisertib sodium induces apoptosis and autophagy through targeting the AKT/mTOR/AMPK/p38 pathway in leukemic cells. Antitumor activity.
  • HY-10969
    Obatoclax Mesylate

    GX15-070 Mesylate

    Bcl-2 Family Autophagy Parasite Cancer Infection
    Obatoclax Mesylate (GX15-070 Mesylate), a BH3 mimetic, is a pan-BCL-2 family proteins inhibitor with a Ki of 220 nM for BCL-2. Obatoclax Mesylate induces autophagy-dependent cell death and targets cyclin D1 for proteasomal degradation. Obatoclax Mesylate has anti-cancer and broad-spectrum antiparasitic activity.
  • HY-12481
    SAR405

    PI3K Autophagy Cancer
    SAR405 is a first-in-class, selective, and ATP-competitive PI3K class III (PIK3C3) isoform Vps34 inhibitor (IC50=1.2 nM; Kd=1.5 nM). SAR405 inhibits autophagy induced either by starvation or by mTOR inhibition. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-B0372AS
    Bromhexine-d3 hydrochloride

    SARS-CoV Autophagy HIV Metabolic Disease
    Bromhexine-d3 (hydrochloride) is deuterium labeled Bromhexine (hydrochloride). Bromhexine hydrochloride is a potent and specific TMPRSS2 protease inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.75 μM. Bromhexine hydrochloride can prevent and manage SARS-CoV-2 infection. Bromhexine hydrochloride is an autophagy agonist. Bromhexine hydrochloride is a mucolytic cough suppressant and has the potential for a range of respiratory conditions.
  • HY-101840
    EIPA

    L593754; MH 12-43

    TRP Channel Prostaglandin Receptor Autophagy COX Na+/H+ Exchanger (NHE) Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    EIPA (L593754) is an orally active TRPP3 channel inhibitor with an IC50 of 10.5 μM. EIPA also enhances autophagy by inhibiting Na +/H +-exchanger 3 (NHE3). EIPA inhibits macropinocytosis as well. EIPA can be used in the research of inflammation and cancers, such as gastric cancer, colon carcinoma, pancreatic carcinoma.
  • HY-118630
    Vacuolin-1

    PIKfyve Autophagy Cancer
    Vacuolin-1 is a potent and cell-permeable lysosomal exocytosis inhibitor. Vacuolin-1 blocks the Ca 2+-dependent exocytosis of lysosomes and prevents the release of lysosomal content without affecting the process of resealing. vacuolin‐1 is a potent and selective PIKfyve inhibitor and inhibits late‐stage autophagy by impairing lysosomal maturation.
  • HY-101840A
    EIPA hydrochloride

    L593754 hydrochloride; MH 12-43 hydrochloride

    TRP Channel Autophagy COX Prostaglandin Receptor Na+/H+ Exchanger (NHE) Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    EIPA (L593754) hydrochloride is an orally active TRPP3 channel inhibitor with an IC50 of 10.5 μM. EIPA hydrochloride also enhances autophagy by inhibiting Na +/H +-exchanger 3 (NHE3). EIPA hydrochloride inhibits macropinocytosis as well. EIPA hydrochloride can be used in the research of inflammation and cancers, such as gastric cancer, colon carcinoma, pancreatic carcinoma.
  • HY-10162S3
    Olaparib-d4-1

    AZD2281-d4-1; KU0059436-d4-1

    PARP Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer
    Olaparib-d4-1 (AZD2281-d4-1) is the deuterium labeled Olaparib. Olaparib (AZD2281; KU0059436) is a potent and orally active PARP inhibitor with IC50s of 5 and 1 nM for PARP1 and PARP2, respectively. Olaparib is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-B0006
    Carvedilol

    BM 14190

    Adrenergic Receptor Autophagy Bacterial Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Carvedilol (BM 14190) is a non-selective β/α-1 blocker. Carvedilol inhibits lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of 5 μM. Carvedilol is a multiple action antihypertensive agent with potential use in angina and congestive heart failure. Carvedilol is an autophagy inducer that inhibits the NLRP3 inflammasome.
  • HY-A0067
    Oxybenzone

    Benzophenone 3

    RAR/RXR Autophagy Apoptosis Neurological Disease
    Oxybenzone (Benzophenone 3) is a commonly used UV filter in sun tans and skin protectants. Oxybenzone act as endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and can pass through the placental and blood-brain barriers. Benzophenone-3 impairs autophagy, alters epigenetic status, and disrupts retinoid X receptor signaling in apoptotic neuronal cells.
  • HY-50856
    Ruxolitinib

    INCB18424

    JAK Autophagy Mitophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Ruxolitinib (INCB18424) is a potent and selective JAK1/2 inhibitor with IC50s of 3.3 nM and 2.8 nM in cell-free assays, and has 130-fold selectivity for JAK1/2 over JAK3. Ruxolitinib induces autophagy and kills tumor cells through toxic mitophagy.
  • HY-147039
    BOLD-100

    HSP Autophagy Cancer
    BOLD-100 is a ruthenium-based anticancer agent. BOLD-100 also is an inhibitor of stress-induced GRP78 upregulation, disrupting endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis and inducing ER stress and unfolded protein response (UPR). BOLD-100 interferes with the complex interplay between ER-stress response, lysosome dynamics, and autophagy execution.
  • HY-103157
    PD146176

    NSC168807

    Autophagy Ferroptosis Cardiovascular Disease
    PD146176 (NSC168807), a 15-Lipoxygenase (15-LO) inhibitor, inhibits rabbit reticulocyte 15-LO (Ki=197 nM, IC50=0.54 μM). PD146176 reverses cognitive impairment, brain amyloidosis, and tau pathology by stimulating autophagy in aged triple transgenic mice.
  • HY-10969A
    Obatoclax

    GX15-070

    Bcl-2 Family Autophagy Parasite Cancer Infection
    Obatoclax (GX15-070), a BH3 mimetic, is a pan-BCL-2 family proteins inhibitor with a Ki of 220 nM for BCL-2. Obatoclax induces autophagy-dependent cell death and targets cyclin D1 for proteasomal degradation. Obatoclax has anti-cancer and broad-spectrum antiparasitic activity.
  • HY-B1490
    Imipramine hydrochloride

    Serotonin Transporter Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Imipramine hydrochloride is an orally active tertiary amine tricyclic antidepressant. Imipramine hydrochloride is a Fascin1 inhibitor with antitumor activities. Imipramine hydrochloride also inhibits serotonin transporter with an IC50 value of 32 nM. Imipramine hydrochloride stimulates U-87MG glioma cells autophagy and induces HL-60 cell apoptosis. Imipramine hydrochloride shows neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects.
  • HY-10181B
    Dasatinib monohydrate

    BMS-354825 monohydrate

    Bcr-Abl Src Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Dasatinib (BMS-354825) monohydrate is a highly potent, ATP competitive, orally active dual Src/Bcr-Abl inhibitor with potent antitumor activity. The Kis are 16 pM and 30 pM for Src and Bcr-Abl, respectively. Dasatinib monohydrate inhibits Bcr-Abl and Src with IC50s of <1.0 nM and 0.5 nM, respectively. Dasatinib monohydrate also induces apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-N10443
    Mammea A/BA

    Parasite Apoptosis Autophagy Reactive Oxygen Species Infection
    Mammea A/BA has potent activity against Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi). Mammea A/BA induces mitochondrial dysfunction, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and DNA fragmentation, and increases number of acidic vacuoles. Mammea A/BA can induce apoptosis, autophagy and necrosis. Mammea A/BA can be used for researching chagas disease.
  • HY-B1490A
    Imipramine

    Serotonin Transporter Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Imipramine is an orally active tertiary amine tricyclic antidepressant. Imipramine is a Fascin1 inhibitor with antitumor activities. Imipramine also inhibits serotonin transporter with an IC50 value of 32 nM. Imipramine stimulates U-87MG glioma cells autophagy and induces HL-60 cell apoptosis. Imipramine shows neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects.
  • HY-B0351S
    Taurine-d4

    2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid-d4

    Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Taurine-d4 (2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid-d4) is the deuterium labeled Taurine. Taurine, a sulphur-containing amino acid and an organic osmolyte involved in cell volume regulation, provides a substrate for the formation of bile salts, and plays a role in the modulation of intracellular free calcium concentration. Taurine has the ability to activate autophagy in adipocytes.
  • HY-B0116
    Stavudine

    d4T

    Reverse Transcriptase HIV Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Autophagy Apoptosis Infection
    Stavudine (d4T) is an orally active nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). Stavudine has activity against HIV-1 and HIV-2. Stavudine also inhibits the replication of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Stavudine reduces NLRP3 inflammasome activation and modulates Amyloid-β autophagy. Stavudine induces apoptosis.
  • HY-147942
    MS9449

    PROTACs EGFR Cancer
    MS9449 is a potent PROTAC EGFR degrader with Kds of 17 nM and 10 nM for EGFR WT and EGFR L858R, respectively. MS9449 effectively induces degradation of mutant EGFRs through both the ubiquitin/proteasome system (UPS) and autophagy/lysosome pathways. MS9449 potently inhibits the proliferation of NSCLC cells. MS9449 can be used for researching anticancer.
  • HY-B0116A
    Stavudine sodium

    d4T sodium

    Reverse Transcriptase HIV Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Autophagy Apoptosis Infection
    Stavudine (d4T) sodium is an orally active nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). Stavudine sodium has activity against HIV-1 and HIV-2. Stavudine sodium also inhibits the replication of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Stavudine sodium reduces NLRP3 inflammasome activation and modulates Amyloid-β autophagy. Stavudine sodium induces apoptosis.
  • HY-129652
    Halo PROTAC 1

    AUTACs Cancer
    Halo PROTAC 1 is a conjugate of ligands for E3 and 22-atom-length linker. The connector of linker is Halogen group. Halo PROTAC 1 is a ligand having activity to bind to an intracellular proteins fused with HaloTag and a structure having activity to induce autophagy of an intracellular molecule are linked via a PEG linker. Halo PROTAC 1 can be uesd for the synthesis of AUTAC.
  • HY-W040129
    Chromomycin A3

    Bacterial Fungal Apoptosis Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Chromomycin A3 is an aureolic acid-type antitumor antibiotic. Chromomycin A3 forms dimeric complexes with divalent cations, such as Mg 2+, which strongly binds to the GC rich sequence of DNA to inhibit DNA replication and transcription. Chromomycin A3 has a variety of utilities as a staining agent for human sperm chromatin, autophagy inducing agent, and apoptosis inhibitor.
  • HY-133779
    Gefitinib impurity 5

    Others Others
    Gefitinib impurity 5 is the impurity of Gefitinib. Gefitinib (ZD1839) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib also induces autophagy. Gefitinib has antitumour activity.
  • HY-15433
    Quisinostat

    JNJ-26481585

    HDAC Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    Quisinostat (JNJ-26481585) is a potent, second-generation and orally active pan-HDAC inhibitor (HDACi), with IC50 values ranging from 0.11 nM to 0.64 nM for HDAC1, HDAC2, HDAC4, HDAC10 and HDAC11. Quisinostat has a broad spectrum antitumoral activity. Quisinostat can induce autophagy in neuroblastoma cells.
  • HY-131257
    Gefitinib impurity 1

    Others Others
    Gefitinib impurity 1 is the impurity of Gefitinib. Gefitinib (ZD1839) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib also induces autophagy. Gefitinib has antitumour activity.
  • HY-12203
    PFK-158

    Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    PFK-158 is a potent and selective PFKFB3 inhibitor with an IC50 value 137 nM. PFK-158 reduces glucose uptake, ATP production, lactate release, and induces apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. PFK-158 has broad anti-tumor activity. PFK-158 can also enhance Colistin's resistance to bacteria.
  • HY-117985B
    Evogliptin tartrate

    DA-1229 tartrate

    Dipeptidyl Peptidase Autophagy Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology
    Evogliptin (DA-1229) tartrate is an orally active DPP4 inhibitor with significant and sustained hypoglycaemic effects in mouse models. Evogliptin tartrate also inhibits the production of inflammatory and fibrotic signals in hepatocytes by inducing autophagy. Evogliptin tartrate can be used in studies of type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, renal impairment and chronic liver inflammation.
  • HY-W127758
    Alginic acid

    Histamine Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Endocrinology Inflammation/Immunology
    Alginic acid is a natural polysaccharide, which has been widely concerned and applied due to its excellent water solubility, film formation, biodegradability and biocompatibility. Alginic acid induces oxidative stress-mediated hormone secretion disorder, apoptosis and autophagy in mouse granulosa cells and ovaries. Alginic acid has an inhibitory effect on histamine release. Anti-anaphylactic and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • HY-126147
    J22352

    HDAC Cancer
    J22352 is a PROTAC (proteolysis-targeting chimeras)-like and highly selective HDAC6 inhibitor with an IC50 value of 4.7 nM. J22352 promotes HDAC6 degradation and induces anticancer effects by inhibiting autophagy and eliciting the antitumor immune response in glioblastoma cancers, and leading to the restoration of host antitumor activity by reducing the immunosuppressive activity of PD-L1.
  • HY-125927
    8-Aminoadenosine

    8-NH2-Ado

    DNA/RNA Synthesis Akt mTOR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    8-Aminoadenosine (8-NH2-Ado), a RNA-directed nucleoside analogue, reduces cellular ATP levels and inhibits mRNA synthesis. 8-Aminoadenosine blocks Akt/mTOR signaling and induces autophagy and apoptosis in a p53-independent manner. 8-Aminoadenosine has antitumor activity.
  • HY-10181A
    Dasatinib hydrochloride

    BMS-354825 hydrochloride

    Bcr-Abl Src Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Dasatinib (BMS-354825) hydrochloride is a highly potent, ATP competitive, orally active dual Src/Bcr-Abl inhibitor with potent antitumor activity. The Kis are 16 pM and 30 pM for Src and Bcr-Abl, respectively. Dasatinib hydrochloride inhibits Bcr-Abl and Src with IC50s of <1.0 nM and 0.5 nM, respectively. Dasatinib hydrochloride also induces apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-10971
    Alisertib

    MLN 8237

    Aurora Kinase Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Alisertib (MLN 8237) is an orally active and selective Aurora A kinase inhibitor (IC50=1.2 nM), which binds to Aurora A kinase resulting in mitotic spindle abnormalities, mitotic accumulation. Alisertib (MLN 8237) induces apoptosis and autophagy through targeting the AKT/mTOR/AMPK/p38 pathway in leukemic cells. Antitumor activity.
  • HY-10181
    Dasatinib

    BMS-354825

    Bcr-Abl Src Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Dasatinib (BMS-354825) is a highly potent, ATP competitive, orally active dual Src/Bcr-Abl inhibitor with potent antitumor activity. The Kis are 16 pM and 30 pM for Src and Bcr-Abl, respectively. Dasatinib inhibits Bcr-Abl and Src with IC50s of <1.0 nM and 0.5 nM, respectively. Dasatinib also induces apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-147941
    MS9427

    PROTACs EGFR Cancer
    MS9427 is a potent PROTAC EGFR degrader with Kds of 7.1 nM and 4.3 nM for EGFR WT and EGFR L858R, respectively. MS9427 effectively induces degradation of mutant EGFRs through both the ubiquitin/proteasome system (UPS) and autophagy/lysosome pathways. MS9427 potently inhibits the proliferation of NSCLC cells. MS9427 can be used for researching anticancer.
  • HY-B0006S
    Carvedilol-d3

    Adrenergic Receptor Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    AA is the deuterium labeled Carvedilol. Carvedilol (BM 14190) is a non-selective β/α-1 blocker. Carvedilol inhibits lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of 5 μM. Carvedilol is a multiple action antihypertensive agent with potential use in angina and congestive heart failure. Carvedilol is an autophagy inducer that inhibits the NLRP3 inflammasome.
  • HY-16592
    Brefeldin A

    BFA; Cyanein; Decumbin

    Autophagy CRISPR/Cas9 Mitophagy HSV Antibiotic Bacterial Cancer Infection
    Brefeldin A (BFA) is a lactone antibiotic and a specific inhibitor of protein trafficking. Brefeldin A blocks the transport of secreted and membrane proteins from endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi apparatus. Brefeldin A is also an autophagy and mitophagy inhibitor. Brefeldin A is a CRISPR/Cas9 activator. Brefeldin A inhibits HSV-1 and has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-132670S
    (R)-(-)-Felodipine-d5

    Calcium Channel Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    (R)-(-)-Felodipine-d5 is the deuterium labeled (R)-(-)-Felodipine. (R)-(-)-Felodipine is the S enantiomer of Felodipine. Felodipine, a dihydropyridine, is a potent, vasoselective calcium channel antagonist. Felodipine lowers blood pressure (BP) by selective action on vascular smooth muscle, especially in the resistance vessels. Felodipine, an anti-hypertensive agent, induces autophagy. Felodipine can cross the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-50895B
    Gefitinib dihydrochloride

    ZD 1839 dihydrochloride

    EGFR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Gefitinib (ZD 1839) dihydrochloride is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib dihydrochloride selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib dihydrochloride also induces autophagy and cell apoptosis, which can be used for cancer related research, such as Lung cancer and breast cancer .
  • HY-100663
    Gefitinib impurity 2

    EGFR Others
    Gefitinib impurity 2 is the impurity of Gefitinib. Gefitinib (ZD1839; HY-50895) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib also induces autophagy. Gefitinib has antitumour activity.
  • HY-B1039AS
    Ambroxol-d5 hydrochloride

    NA-872-d5 hydrochloride

    Glucosidase Autophagy Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Ambroxol-d5 (NA-872-d5) hydrochloride is the deuterium labeled Ambroxol hydrochloride. Ambroxol hydrochloride (NA-872 hydrochloride), an active metabolite of the prodrug Bromhexine, has potent expectorant effects. Ambroxol hydrochloride is a glucocerebrosidase (GCase) chaperone and increases glucocerebrosidase activity. Ambroxol hydrochloride induces lung autophagy and has the potential for Parkinson disease and neuronopathic Gaucher disease research.
  • HY-N0485
    Liensinine Diperchlorate

    Autophagy Mitophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Liensinine Diperchlor​ate is a major isoquinoline alkaloid, extracted from the seed embryo of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. Liensinine Diperchlor​ate inhibits late-stage autophagy/mitophagy through blocking autophagosome-lysosome fusion. Liensinine Diperchlor​ate has a wide range of biological activities, including anti-arrhythmias, anti-hypertension, anti-pulmonary fibrosis, relaxation on vascular smooth muscle, etc.
  • HY-B0736
    Sertaconazole

    FI7056 free base

    Fungal Autophagy Apoptosis p38 MAPK Microtubule/Tubulin Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Sertaconazole (FI7056 free base) is a broad-spectrum topical antifungal agent, exhibits anti-inflammatory activity via activation of a p38-COX-2-PGE2 pathway. Sertaconazole is also a microtubule inhibitor, shows antiproliferative effect, induces apoptosis and autophagy, and can also inhibit the migration of cells.
  • HY-103238
    RSVA405

    AMPK STAT Autophagy Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    RSVA405 is a potent, orally active activator of AMPK, with an EC50 of 1 μM. RSVA405 facilitates CaMKKβ-dependent activation of AMPK, inhibits mTOR, and promotes autophagy to increase Aβ degradation. RSVA405 has anti-inflammatory effects through the inhibition of STAT3 function. RSVA405 can also be used for the research of obesity.
  • HY-B0736A
    Sertaconazole nitrate

    FI7056

    Fungal Autophagy Apoptosis p38 MAPK Microtubule/Tubulin Infection
    Sertaconazole nitrate (FI7056) is a broad-spectrum topical antifungal agent, exhibits anti-inflammatory activity via activation of a p38-COX-2-PGE2 pathway. Sertaconazole nitrate is also a microtubule inhibitor, shows antiproliferative effect, induces apoptosis and autophagy, and can also inhibit the migration of cells.
  • HY-50895
    Gefitinib

    ZD1839

    EGFR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Gefitinib (ZD1839) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib also induces autophagy and cell apoptosis, which can be used for cancer related research, such as Lung cancer and breast cancer .
  • HY-13259
    MG-132

    Z-Leu-Leu-Leu-al; MG132

    Proteasome Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    MG-132 (Z-Leu-Leu-Leu-al) is a potent proteasome and calpain inhibitor with IC50s of 100 nM and 1.2 μM, respectively. MG-132 effectively blocks the proteolytic activity of the 26S proteasome complex. MG-132, a peptide aldehyde, also is an autophagy activator. MG-132 also induces apoptosis.
  • HY-N2500
    Deoxypodophyllotoxin

    Microtubule/Tubulin Apoptosis Autophagy Infection Cardiovascular Disease
    Deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPT), a derivative of podophyllotoxin, is a lignan with potent antimitotic, anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties isolated from Anthriscus sylvestris. Deoxypodophyllotoxin, targets the microtubule, has a major impact in oncology not only as anti-mitotics but also as potent inhibitors of angiogenesis. Deoxypodophyllotoxin induces cell autophagy and apoptosis. Deoxypodophyllotoxin evokes increase of intracellular Ca 2+ concentrations in DRG neurons.
  • HY-17589AS
    Chloroquine-d5

    Parasite Autophagy SARS-CoV Toll-like Receptor (TLR) HIV Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Chloroquine D5 is deuterium labeled Chloroquine. Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-17589S1
    Chloroquine-d4 phosphate

    Parasite Autophagy SARS-CoV Toll-like Receptor (TLR) HIV Antibiotic Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Chloroquine-d4 phosphate is the deuterium labeled Chloroquine phosphate. Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-10249
    GSK-690693

    Akt AMPK Autophagy Cancer
    GSK-690693 is an ATP-competitive pan-Akt inhibitor with IC50s of 2 nM, 13 nM, 9 nM for Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3, respectively. GSK-690693 is also an AMPK inhibitor, affects Unc-51-like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) activity and robustly inhibits STING-dependent IRF3 activation.
  • HY-17589S
    Chloroquine-d5 diphosphate

    Parasite Autophagy SARS-CoV Toll-like Receptor (TLR) HIV Antibiotic Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Chloroquine-d5 diphosphate is the deuterium labeled Chloroquine (phosphate). Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-12248A
    Telaglenastat hydrochloride

    CB-839 hydrochloride

    Glutaminase Autophagy Cancer
    Telaglenastat (CB-839) hydrochloride is a first-in-class, selective, reversible and orally active glutaminase 1 (GLS1) inhibitor. Telaglenastat hydrochloride selectively inhibits GLS1 splice variants KGA (kidney-type glutaminase) and GAC (glutaminase C) compared to GLS2. The IC50s are 23 nM and 28 nM for endogenous glutaminase in mouse kidney and brain, respectively. Telaglenastat hydrochloride inudces autophagy and has antitumor activity.
  • HY-12248
    Telaglenastat

    CB-839

    Glutaminase Autophagy Cancer
    Telaglenastat (CB-839) is a first-in-class, selective, reversible and orally active glutaminase 1 (GLS1) inhibitor. Telaglenastat selectively inhibits GLS1 splice variants KGA (kidney-type glutaminase) and GAC (glutaminase C) compared to GLS2. The IC50s are 23 nM and 28 nM for endogenous glutaminase in mouse kidney and brain, respectively. Telaglenastat inuduces autophagy and has antitumor activity.
  • HY-14266S
    Dapivirine-d11

    TMC120-d11; R147681-d11

    HIV Reverse Transcriptase Apoptosis Autophagy Infection
    Dapivirine-d11 (TMC120-d11) is the deuterium labeled Dapivirine. Dapivirine (TMC120), the prototype of diarylpyrimidines (DAPY), is an orally active and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). Dapivirine (TMC120) binds directly to HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. Dapivirine (TMC120) regulates autophagy and induced Akt, Bad and SAPK/JNK activations.
  • HY-N0107
    Cyclovirobuxine D

    Apoptosis Autophagy mTOR Akt Cardiovascular Disease
    Cyclovirobuxine D (CVB-D) is the main active component of the traditional Chinese medicine Buxus microphylla. Cyclovirobuxine D induces autophagy and attenuates the phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR. Cyclovirobuxine D inhibits cell proliferation of gastric cancer cells through suppression of cell cycle progression and inducement of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. Cyclovirobuxine D is beneficial for heart failure induced by myocardial infarction.
  • HY-13027
    DAPT

    GSI-IX

    γ-secretase Amyloid-β Autophagy Notch Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    DAPT (GSI-IX) is a potent and orally active γ-secretase inhibitor with IC50s of 115 nM and 200 nM for total amyloid-β (Aβ) and 42, respectively. DAPT inhibits the activation of Notch 1 signaling and induces cell differentiation. DAPT also induces autophagy and apoptosis. DAPT has neuroprotection activity and has the potential for autoimmune and lymphoproliferative diseases, degenerative disease and cancers treatment.
  • HY-B0968A
    Trimetazidine

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimetazidine is a selective long chain 3-ketoyl coenzyme A thiolase inhibitor with an IC50 of 75 nM, which can inhibit β-oxidation of free fatty acid (FFA). Trimetazidine is an effective antianginal agent and a cytoprotective drug, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and gastroprotective properties. Trimetazidine triggers autophagy. Trimetazidine is also a 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HADHA) inhibitor.
  • HY-B0006S2
    Carvedilol-d5

    BM 14190-d5

    Adrenergic Receptor Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Carvedilol-d5 is deuterium labeled Carvedilol. Carvedilol (BM 14190) is a non-selective β/α-1 blocker. Carvedilol inhibits lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of 5 μM. Carvedilol is a multiple action antihypertensive agent with potential use in angina and congestive heart failure. Carvedilol is an autophagy inducer that inhibits the NLRP3 inflammasome.
  • HY-11109
    Resatorvid

    TAK-242; CLI-095

    Toll-like Receptor (TLR) TNF Receptor Interleukin Related Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Resatorvid (TAK-242) is a selective Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor. Resatorvid inhibits NO, TNF-α and IL-6 production with IC50s of 1.8 nM, 1.9 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively. Resatorvid downregulates expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules MyD88 and TRIF. Resatorvid inhibits autophagy and plays pivotal role in various inflammatory diseases.
  • HY-13636S
    Fulvestrant-d3

    ICI 182780-d3; ZD 9238-d3; ZM 182780-d3

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Fulvestrant-d3 (ICI 182780-d3) is the deuterium labeled Fulvestrant. Fulvestrant (ICI 182780) is a pure antiestrogen and a potent estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist with an IC50 of 9.4 nM. Fulvestrant is also a GPR30 agonist. Fulvestrant effectively inhibits the growth of ER-positive MCF-7 cells with an IC50 of 0.29 nM. Fulvestrant also induces autophagy and has antitumor efficacy.
  • HY-N0451
    Acacetin

    5,7-Dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone

    Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Acacetin (5,7-Dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone) is an orally active flavonoid derived from Dendranthema morifolium. Acacetin docks in the ATP binding pocket of PI3Kγ. Acacetin causes cell cycle arrest and induces apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. Acacetin has potent anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activity and has the potential for pain-related diseases research.
  • HY-100932
    ML-9

    Myosin Cancer
    ML-9 is a selective and potent inhibitor of Akt kinase, inhibits myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) activity. ML-9 inhibits inhibits MLCK, PKA and PKC activity with Ki values of 4, 32 and 54 μM, respectively. ML-9 induces autophagy by stimulating autophagosome formation and inhibiting their degradation.
  • HY-134923
    CA77.1

    Autophagy Neurological Disease
    CA77.1 is a potent, brain-penetrant and orally active chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) activator with favorable pharmacokinetics. CA77.1 is a derivative of AR7 (HY-101106) and can increase the expression of the lysosomal receptor LAMP2A in lysosomes. CA77.1 improves behavior and neuropathology in PS19 mice model and can be used for alzheimer's disease research.
  • HY-B0116S
    Stavudine-d4

    Reverse Transcriptase HIV Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Autophagy Apoptosis Infection
    Stavudine-d4 is the deuterium labeled Stavudine. Stavudine (d4T) is an orally active nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). Stavudine has activity against HIV-1 and HIV-2. Stavudine also inhibits the replication of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Stavudine reduces NLRP3 inflammasome activation and modulates Amyloid-β autophagy. Stavudine induces apoptosis.
  • HY-100558
    Bafilomycin A1

    BafA1

    Proton Pump Autophagy Antibiotic Bacterial Apoptosis Cancer Infection
    Bafilomycin A1 (BafA1) is a specific and reversible inhibitor of vacuolar H +-ATPase (V-ATPase) with IC50 values of 4-400 nmol/mg. Bafilomycin A1, a macrolide antibiotic, is also used as an autophagy inhibitor at the late stage. Bafilomycin A1 blocks autophagosome-lysosome fusion and inhibits acidification and protein degradation in lysosomes of cultured cells. Bafilomycin A1 induces apoptosis.
  • HY-10218S
    Everolimus-d4

    RAD001-d4; SDZ-RAD-d4

    mTOR FKBP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Everolimus-d4 (RAD001-d4) is the deuterium labeled Everolimus. Everolimus (RAD001) is a Rapamycin derivative and a potent, selective and orally active mTOR1 inhibitor. Everolimus binds to FKBP-12 to generate an immunosuppressive complex. Everolimus inhibits tumor cells proliferation and induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. Everolimus has potent immunosuppressive and anticancer activities.
  • HY-B0968
    Trimetazidine dihydrochloride

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is a selective long chain 3-ketoyl coenzyme A thiolase inhibitor with an IC50 of 75 nM, which can inhibit β-oxidation of free fatty acid (FFA). Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is an effective antianginal agent and a cytoprotective drug, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and gastroprotective properties. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride triggers autophagy. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is also a 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HADHA) inhibitor.
  • HY-B0223
    Albendazole

    SKF-62979

    Parasite Microtubule/Tubulin Autophagy Apoptosis Reactive Oxygen Species VEGFR HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Antibiotic Bacterial Cancer Infection
    Albendazole (SKF-62979) is an orally active and broad-spectrum parasiticide with high effectiveness and low host toxicity, is used for the research of gastrointestinal parasites in humans and animals. Albendazole induces apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. Albendazole also inhibits tubulin polymerization and HIF-1α, VEGF expression, has antioxidant activity, and inhibits the glycolytic process in cancer cells.
  • HY-12034
    WYE-354

    mTOR Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    WYE-354 is an ATP-competitive mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 5 nM. WYE-354 also inhibits PI3Kα and PI3Kγ with IC50s of 1.89 μM and 7.37 μM, respectively. WYE-354 inhibits both mTORC1 and mTORC2. WYE-354 induces autophagy activation in vitro.
  • HY-100490B
    Rilmenidine phosphate

    Imidazoline Receptor Adrenergic Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Rilmenidine phosphate, an innovative antihypertensive agent, is an orally active, selective I1 imidazoline receptor agonist. Rilmenidine phosphate is an alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist. Rilmenidine phosphate induces autophagy. Rilmenidine phosphate acts both centrally by reducing sympathetic overactivity and in the kidney by inhibiting the Na +/H + antiport. Rilmenidine phosphate modulates proliferation and stimulates the proapoptotic protein Bax thus inducing the perturbation of the mitochondrial pathway and apoptosis in human leukemic K562 cells .
  • HY-B0351S1
    Taurine-13C2

    2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid-13C2

    Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Taurine-13C2 (2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid-13C2) is the 13C-labeled Taurine. Taurine, a sulphur-containing amino acid and an organic osmolyte involved in cell volume regulation, provides a substrate for the formation of bile salts, and plays a role in the modulation of intracellular free calcium concentration. Taurine has the ability to activate autophagy in adipocytes.
  • HY-B1490AS1
    Imipramine-d4

    Serotonin Transporter Apoptosis Autophagy Others
    Imipramine-d4 is deuterium labeled Imipramine. Imipramine is an orally active tertiary amine tricyclic antidepressant. Imipramine is a Fascin1 inhibitor with antitumor activities. Imipramine also inhibits serotonin transporter with an IC50 value of 32 nM. Imipramine stimulates U-87MG glioma cells autophagy and induces HL-60 cell apoptosis. Imipramine shows neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects.
  • HY-50895S2
    Gefitinib-d3

    EGFR Autophagy Cancer
    Gefitinib-d3 (ZD1839-d3) is the deuterium labeled Gefitinib. Gefitinib (ZD1839) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib also induces autophagy. Gefitinib has antitumour activity.
  • HY-50895S1
    Gefitinib-d6

    ZD1839-d6

    EGFR Autophagy Cancer
    Gefitinib-d6 (ZD1839-d6) is the deuterium labeled Gefitinib. Gefitinib (ZD1839) is a potent, selective and orally active EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 33 nM. Gefitinib selectively inhibits EGF-stimulated tumor cell growth (IC50 of 54 nM) and that blocks EGF-stimulated EGFR autophosphorylation in tumor cells. Gefitinib also induces autophagy. Gefitinib has antitumour activity.
  • HY-B1490AS
    Imipramine-d6

    Serotonin Transporter Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Imipramine-d6 is the deuterium labeled Imipramine hydrochloride. Imipramine is an orally active tertiary amine tricyclic antidepressant. Imipramine is a Fascin1 inhibitor with antitumor activities. Imipramine also inhibits serotonin transporter with an IC50 value of 32 nM. Imipramine stimulates U-87MG glioma cells autophagy and induces HL-60 cell apoptosis. Imipramine shows neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects.
  • HY-W016409
    Ethyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate

    Ethyl protocatechuate

    HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Reactive Oxygen Species NO Synthase Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Metabolic Disease
    Ethyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate (Ethyl protocatechuate), an antioxidant, is a prolyl-hydroxylase inhibitor found in the testa of peanut seeds. Ethyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate protects myocardium by activating NO synthase and generating mitochondrial ROS. Ethyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate induces cell autophagy and apoptosis in ESCC cells. Ethyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate is a collagen synthesis inhibitor and has a bone protecting-effect.
  • HY-100490
    Rilmenidine

    Imidazoline Receptor Adrenergic Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Rilmenidine, an innovative antihypertensive agent, is an orally active, selective I1 imidazoline receptor agonist. Rilmenidine is an alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist. Rilmenidine induces autophagy. Rilmenidine acts both centrally by reducing sympathetic overactivity and in the kidney by inhibiting the Na +/H + antiport. Rilmenidine modulates proliferation and stimulates the proapoptotic protein Bax thus inducing the perturbation of the mitochondrial pathway and apoptosis in human leukemic K562 cells.
  • HY-117025A
    Manzamine A hydrochloride

    Keramamine A hydrochloride

    GSK-3 CDK Parasite Proton Pump HSV Autophagy Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    Manzamine A hydrochloride, an orally active beta-carboline alkaloid, inhibits specifically GSK-3β and CDK-5 with IC50s of 10.2 μM and 1.5 μM, respectively. Manzamine A hydrochloride targets vacuolar ATPases and inhibits autophagy in pancreatic cancer cells. Manzamine A hydrochloride has antimalarial and anticancer activities. Manzamine A hydrochloride also shows potent activity against HSV-1.
  • HY-117025
    Manzamine A

    Keramamine A

    GSK-3 CDK Parasite Proton Pump HSV Autophagy Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    Manzamine A, an orally active beta-carboline alkaloid, inhibits specifically GSK-3β and CDK-5 with IC50s of 10.2 μM and 1.5 μM, respectively. Manzamine A targets vacuolar ATPases and inhibits autophagy in pancreatic cancer cells. Manzamine A has antimalarial and anticancer activities. Manzamine A also shows potent activity against HSV-1.
  • HY-B1490S1
    Imipramine-d3 hydrochloride

    Serotonin Transporter Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Imipramine-d3 (hydrochloride) is deuterium labeled Imipramine (hydrochloride). Imipramine is an orally active tertiary amine tricyclic antidepressant. Imipramine is a Fascin1 inhibitor with antitumor activities. Imipramine also inhibits serotonin transporter with an IC50 value of 32 nM. Imipramine stimulates U-87MG glioma cells autophagy and induces HL-60 cell apoptosis. Imipramine shows neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects.
  • HY-B1490S
    Imipramine-d4 hydrochloride

    Serotonin Transporter Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Imipramine-d4 hydrochloride is the deuterium labeled Imipramine hydrochloride. Imipramine hydrochloride is an orally active tertiary amine tricyclic antidepressant. Imipramine hydrochloride is a Fascin1 inhibitor with antitumor activities. Imipramine hydrochloride also inhibits serotonin transporter with an IC50 value of 32 nM. Imipramine hydrochloride stimulates U-87MG glioma cells autophagy and induces HL-60 cell apoptosis. Imipramine hydrochloride shows neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects.
  • HY-N6979
    Crustecdysone

    20-Hydroxyecdysone

    Caspase Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cardiovascular Disease
    Crustecdysone (20-Hydroxyecdysone) is a naturally occurring ecdysteroid hormone isolated from Serratula coronata which controls the ecdysis (moulting) and metamorphosis of arthropods, it inhibits caspase activity and induces autophagy via the 20E nuclear receptor complex, EcR-USP. Crustecdysone exhibits regulatory or protective roles in the cardiovascular system. Crustecdysone is an active metabolite of Ecdysone (α-Ecdysone; HY-N0179)
  • HY-100932A
    ML-9 Free Base

    Myosin Cancer
    ML-9 (Free Base) is a selective and potent inhibitor of Akt kinase, inhibits myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) activity. ML-9 (Free Base) inhibits inhibits MLCK, PKA and PKC activity with Ki values of 4, 32 and 54 μM, respectively. ML-9 (Free Base) induces autophagy by stimulating autophagosome formation and inhibiting their degradation.
  • HY-B0006S1
    Carvedilol-d4

    BM 14190-d4

    Adrenergic Receptor Autophagy Cancer Inflammation/Immunology Cardiovascular Disease
    Carvedilol-d4 (BM 14190-d4) is the deuterium labeled Carvedilol. Carvedilol (BM 14190) is a non-selective β/α-1 blocker. Carvedilol inhibits lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of 5 μM. Carvedilol is a multiple action antihypertensive agent with potential use in angina and congestive heart failure. Carvedilol is an autophagy inducer that inhibits the NLRP3 inflammasome.
  • HY-101180
    C2 Ceramide

    Ceramide 2

    Phosphatase Mitochondrial Metabolism Apoptosis Autophagy Endocrinology Metabolic Disease
    C2 Ceramide (Ceramide 2) is the main lipid of the stratum corneum and a protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) activator. C2 Ceramide activates PP2A and ceramide-activated protein phosphatase (CAPP). C2 Ceramide induces cells differentiation, autophagy and apoptosis, inhibits mitochondrial respiratory chain complex III. C2 Ceramide is also a skin conditioning agent that protects the epidermal barrier from water loss.
  • HY-B0968S
    Trimetazidine-d8 dihydrochloride

    Autophagy Cardiovascular Disease
    Trimetazidine-d8 dihydrochloride is the deuterium labeled Trimetazidine dihydrochloride. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is a selective long chain 3-ketoyl coenzyme A thiolase inhibitor with an IC50 of 75 nM, which can inhibit β-oxidation of free fatty acid (FFA). Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is an effective antianginal agent and a cytoprotective drug, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and gastroprotective properties. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride triggers autophagy. Trimetazidine dihydrochloride is also a 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HADHA) inhibitor.
  • HY-13518
    Piceatannol

    Astringenin; trans-Piceatannol

    Syk Autophagy Apoptosis Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    Piceatannol is a well-known Syk inhibitor and reduces the expression of iNOS induced by TNF. Piceatannol is an effective agent for research of acute lung injury (ALI). Piceatannol is a naturally occurring polyphenolic stilbene found in various fruits and vegetables and exhibits anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. Piceatannol induces apoptosis in DLBCL cell lines. Piceatannol induces autophagy and apoptosis in MOLT-4 human leukemia cells.
  • HY-10201
    Sorafenib

    Bay 43-9006

    Raf VEGFR FLT3 Autophagy Apoptosis Ferroptosis Cancer
    Sorafenib (Bay 43-9006) is a potent and orally active Raf inhibitor with IC50s of 6 nM and 20 nM for Raf-1 and B-Raf, respectively. Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor with IC50s of 90 nM, 15 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM and 58 nM for VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, FLT3 and c-Kit, respectively. Sorafenib induces autophagy and apoptosis. Sorafenib has anti-tumor activity. Sorafenib is a ferroptosis activator.
  • HY-100490A
    Rilmenidine hemifumarate

    Imidazoline Receptor Adrenergic Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Rilmenidine hemifumarate, an innovative antihypertensive agent, is an orally active, selective I1 imidazoline receptor agonist. Rilmenidine hemifumarate is an alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist. Rilmenidine hemifumarate induces autophagy. Rilmenidine hemifumarate acts both centrally by reducing sympathetic overactivity and in the kidney by inhibiting the Na +/H + antiport. Rilmenidine hemifumarate modulates proliferation and stimulates the proapoptotic protein Bax thus inducing the perturbation of the mitochondrial pathway and apoptosis in human leukemic K562 cells .
  • HY-135887
    ZX-29

    Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    ZX-29 is a potent and selective ALK inhibitor with an IC50 of 2.1 nM, 1.3 nM and 3.9 nM for ALK, ALK L1196M and ALK G1202R mutations, respectively. ZX-29 is inactive against EGFR. ZX-29 induces apoptosis by inducing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and overcomes cell resistance caused by an ALK mutation. ZX-29 also induces protective autophagy and has antitumor effect.
  • HY-10224
    Panobinostat

    LBH589; NVP-LBH589

    HDAC Autophagy HIV Apoptosis Cancer
    Panobinostat (LBH589; NVP-LBH589) is a potent and orally active non-selective HDAC inhibitor, and has antineoplastic activities. Panobinostat induces HIV-1 virus production even at low concentration range 8-31 nM, stimulates HIV-1 expression in latently infected cells. Panobinostat induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. Panobinostat can be used for the study of refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma.
  • HY-115570
    GW406108X

    GW108X

    Kinesin ULK Autophagy Cancer
    GW406108X is a specific Kif15 (Kinesin-12) inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.82 uM in ATPase assays. GW406108X, a potent autophagy inhibitor, shows ATP competitive inhibition against ULK1 with a pIC50 of 6.37 (427 nM). GW406108X inhibits ULK1 kinase activity and blocks autophagic flux, without affecting the upstream signaling kinases mTORC1 and AMPK.
  • HY-B1324A
    Oxiconazole

    Ro 13-8996 free base

    Fungal Cytochrome P450 Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Oxiconazole (Ro 13-8996) is a broad spectrum anti-fungal agent which can inhibit the growth of Candida, Aspergillus and Trichophyton. Oxiconazole is also a highly efficacious activator of CYP3A4 transactivation, which could be antagonized by Rifampicin (HY-B0272) in a competitive manner. Oxiconazole exhibits inhibitory effect against colorectal cancer (CRC) via peroxiredoxin-2 (PRDX2)-mediated autophagy arrest.
  • HY-150407
    TSPO ligand-1

    Ligands for Target Protein for PROTAC Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease Others
    TSPO ligand-1 is the ligand of AUTAC4 (HY-134640) that can be used in the synthesis of PROTACs. TSPO ligand-1 is a mitochondrial outer membrane transmembrane structural domain protein can bind to AUTAC4 and regulate mitochondrial autophagy to promote targeted mitochondrial renewal. TSPO ligand-1 is also involved in the transport of cholesterol from the outer to inner mitochondrial membrane and serves as a sensitive biomarker of brain injury and neurodegeneration.
  • HY-12286
    PI-1840

    Proteasome Apoptosis Autophagy Caspase Bcl-2 Family NF-κB PARP Cancer
    PI-1840 is a potent and selective chymotrypsin-like (CT-L) inhibitor for with an IC50 value of 27 nM. PI-1840 inhibits cell proliferation and arrest cell cycle at G2/M phase. PI-1840 induces apoptosis and induces autophagy. PI-1840 induces the accumulation of proteasome substrates p27, Bax, and IκB-α.
  • HY-10201A
    Sorafenib Tosylate

    Bay 43-9006 Tosylate

    Raf VEGFR FLT3 Autophagy Ferroptosis Apoptosis Cancer
    Sorafenib Tosylate (Bay 43-9006 Tosylate) is a potent and orally active Raf inhibitor with IC50s of 6 nM and 20 nM for Raf-1 and B-Raf, respectively. SorafenibTosylate is a multikinase inhibitor with IC50s of 90 nM, 15 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM and 58 nM for VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, FLT3 and c-Kit, respectively. Sorafenib Tosylate induces autophagy and apoptosis. Sorafenib Tosylate has anti-tumor activity. Sorafenib Tosylate is a ferroptosis activator.
  • HY-W004570
    5-Nitro-1,10-phenanthroline

    5-NP

    Endogenous Metabolite Infection
    5-Nitro-1,10-phenanthroline (5-NP), is a o-Phenanthroline (HY-W004544) derivative, as a mediator of glucose oxidase (GOX) with antituberculous activity. 5-Nitro-1,10-phenanthroline can be applied as redox mediators for oxidases and is suitable for the development of reagent-less biosensors and biofuel cells.
  • HY-B0444A
    Maprotiline

    Autophagy Cancer Neurological Disease
    Maprotiline is a highly selective noradrenergic reuptake blocker, has strong antidepressant efficacy. Maprotiline induces cancer cells apoptosis by targeting ERK signaling pathway and CRABP1. Maprotiline restrains cell proliferation and metastasis, exhibits anticancer effect.
  • HY-B0239
    Chloramphenicol

    Antibiotic Bacterial HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase VEGFR Autophagy Apoptosis Beclin1 JNK Akt MMP Cancer Infection
    Chloramphenicol is an orally active, potent and broad-spectrum antibiotic. Chloramphenicol shows antibacterial activity. Chloramphenicol represses the oxygen-labile transcription factor and hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) in hypoxic A549 and H1299 cells. Chloramphenicol suppresses the mRNA levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and glucose transporter 1, eventually decreasing VEGF release. Chloramphenicol can be used for anaerobic infections and lung cancer research.
  • HY-122214
    AC-73

    Autophagy Cancer
    AC-73 is a first specific, orally active inhibitor of cluster of differentiation 147 (CD147), which specifically disrupts CD147 dimerization, thereby mainly suppressing the CD147/ERK1/2/STAT3/MMP-2 pathways. AC-73 inhibits the motility and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. AC-73 is also an anti-proliferative drug and an inducer of autophagy in leukemic cells.
  • HY-N1372A
    Fangchinoline

    HIV FAK Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Infection
    Fangchinoline is isolated from Stephania tetrandra with extensive biological activities, such as enhancing immunity, anti-inflammatory sterilization and anti-atherosclerosis. Fangchinoline, a novel HIV-1 inhibitor, inhibits HIV-1 replication by impairing gp160 proteolytic processing. Fangchinoline targets Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and suppresses FAK-mediated signaling pathway in tumor cells which highly expressed FAK. Fangchinoline induces apoptosis and adaptive autophagy in bladder cancer.
  • HY-N9182
    Zeaxanthin dipalmitate

    Physalien

    Adiponectin Receptor P2X Receptor Autophagy Inflammation/Immunology
    Zeaxanthin dipalmitate (Physalien) is a wolfberry-derived carotenoid, has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress effects. Zeaxanthin dipalmitate directly interact with p2X7 receptor (Kd=81.2 nM) and adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1; Kd=533 nM) in a positive dose-dependent manner. Zeaxanthin dipalmitate restores mitochondrial autophagy functions suppressed by ethanol intoxication. Zeaxanthin dipalmitate can be used in the research of alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) and retinitis pigmentosa (RP).
  • HY-50907
    ABT-737

    Bcl-2 Family Apoptosis Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer
    ABT-737, a BH3 mimetic, is a potent Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Bcl-w inhibitor with EC50s of 30.3 nM, 78.7 nM, and 197.8 nM, respectively. ABT-737 induces the disruption of the BCL-2/BAX complex and BAK-dependent but BIM-independent activation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. ABT-737 induces autophagy and has the potential for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) research.
  • HY-113914
    9-ING-41

    GSK-3 Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    9-ING-41 is a maleimide-based ATP-competitive and selective glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.71 μM. 9-ING-41 significantly leads to cell cycle arrest, autophagy and apoptosis in cancer cells. 9-ING-41 has anticancer activity and has the potential for enhancing the antitumor effects of chemotherapeutic drugs.
  • HY-12033
    2-Methoxyestradiol

    2-ME2; NSC-659853

    Microtubule/Tubulin Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME2), an orally active endogenous metabolite of 17β-estradiol (E2), is an apoptosis inducer and an angiogenesis inhibitor with potent antineoplastic activity. 2-Methoxyestradiol also destablize microtubules. 2-Methoxyestradio, also a potent superoxide dismutase (SOD) inhibitor and a ROS-generating agent, induces autophagy in the transformed cell line HEK293 and the cancer cell lines U87 and HeLa.
  • HY-100490S
    Rilmenidine-d4

    Imidazoline Receptor Adrenergic Receptor Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Cardiovascular Disease
    Rilmenidine-d4 is the deuterium labeled Rilmenidine. Rilmenidine, an innovative antihypertensive agent, is an orally active, selective I1 imidazoline receptor agonist. Rilmenidine is an alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist. Rilmenidine induces autophagy. Rilmenidine acts both centrally by reducing sympathetic overactivity and in the kidney by inhibiting the Na +/H + antiport. Rilmenidine modulates proliferation and stimulates the proapoptotic protein Bax thus inducing the perturbation of the mitochondrial pathway and apoptosis in human leukemic K562 cells.
  • HY-B0988
    Deferoxamine mesylate

    Desferrioxamine B mesylate; DFOM

    Autophagy HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Akt Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Deferoxamine mesylate (Deferoxamine B mesylate) is an iron chelator (binds to Fe(III) and many other metal cations), is widely used to reduce iron accumulation and deposition in tissues. Deferoxamine mesylate upregulates HIF-1α levels with good antioxidant activity. Deferoxamine mesylate also shows anti-proliferative activity, can induce apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. Deferoxamine mesylate can be used in studies of diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases as well as anti-cancer and anti-COVID-19.
  • HY-B1324
    Oxiconazole nitrate

    Ro 13-8996

    Fungal Cytochrome P450 Antibiotic Cancer Infection
    Oxiconazole (Ro 13-8996) nitrate is a broad spectrum anti-fungal agent which can inhibit the growth of Candida, Aspergillus and Trichophyton. Oxiconazole nitrate is also a highly efficacious activator of CYP3A4 transactivation, which could be antagonized by Rifampicin (HY-B0272) in a competitive manner. Oxiconazole nitrate exhibits inhibitory effect against colorectal cancer (CRC) via peroxiredoxin-2 (PRDX2)-mediated autophagy arrest.
  • HY-B1625
    Deferoxamine

    Deferoxamine B; Deferriferrioxamine B; Deferrioxamine

    HIF/HIF Prolyl-Hydroxylase Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Akt Autophagy Cancer Infection Metabolic Disease Inflammation/Immunology Neurological Disease
    Deferoxamine (Deferoxamine B) is an iron chelator (binds to Fe(III) and many other metal cations), is widely used to reduce iron accumulation and deposition in tissues. Deferoxamine upregulates HIF-1α levels with good antioxidant activity. Deferoxamine also shows anti-proliferative activity, can induce apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. Deferoxamine can be used in studies of diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases as well as anti-cancer and anti-COVID-19.
  • HY-121618
    α-Thujone

    GABA Receptor Reactive Oxygen Species Parasite Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer Infection Neurological Disease
    α-Thujone is a monoterpene isolated from Thuja occidentalis essential oil with potent anti-tumor activities. α-Thujone is a reversible modulator of the GABA type A receptor and the IC50 for α-Thujone is 21 μM in suppressing the GABA-induced currents. α-Thujone induces ROS accumulation-dependent cytotoxicity, also induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. α-Thujone has antinociceptive, insecticidal, and anthelmintic activity, and easily penetrates the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-10029
    Nutlin-3a

    Rebemadlin

    MDM-2/p53 E1/E2/E3 Enzyme Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Nutlin-3a (Rebemadlin), an active enantiomer of Nutlin-3, is a potent murine double minute (MDM2) inhibitor (IC50=90 nM). Nutlin-3a inhibits MDM2-p53 interactions and stabilizes the p53 protein, and induces cell autophagy and apoptosis. Nutlin-3a has the potential for the study of TP53 wild-type ovarian carcinomas.
  • HY-B0351S2
    Taurine-13C2,15N

    2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid-13C2,15N

    Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Metabolic Disease
    Taurine-13C2,15N (2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid-13C2,15N) is the 13C- and 15N- labeled Taurine. Taurine, a sulphur-containing amino acid and an organic osmolyte involved in cell volume regulation, provides a substrate for the formation of bile salts, and plays a role in the modulation of intracellular free calcium concentration. Taurine has the ability to activate autophagy in adipocytes.
  • HY-B1232
    Metyrapone

    Su-4885

    Endogenous Metabolite Cytochrome P450 Autophagy Cancer Endocrinology Metabolic Disease Neurological Disease
    Metyrapone (Su-4885) is a potent and orally active 11β-hydroxylase inhibitor and an autophagy activator, also inhibits the production of aldosterone. Metyrapone inhibits synthesis of endogenous adrenal corticosteroid, decreases glucocorticoid levels, and also affects behavior and emotion. In addition, Metyrapone increases the efficiency of autophagic process via downregulation of mTOR pathway, and interacts with Pseudomonas putida cytochrome P-450. Metyrapone can be used for researching Cushing's syndrome and depression.
  • HY-13260A
    CCT128930 hydrochloride

    Akt Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    CCT128930 hydrochloride is a potent and selective inhibitor of AKT (IC50=6 nM). CCT128930 hydrochloride has 28-fold selectivity over the closely related PKA kinase (IC50=168 nM) through the targeting of Met282 of AKT (Met173 of PKA-AKT chimera), as well as 20-fold selectivity over p70S6K (IC50=120 nM). CCT128930 hydrochloride induces cell cycle arrest, DNA damage, and autophagy. Antitumor activity.
  • HY-B1232A
    Metyrapone Tartrate

    Su-4885 Tartrate

    Endogenous Metabolite Cytochrome P450 Autophagy mTOR Endocrinology Neurological Disease
    Metyrapone (Su-4885) Tartrate is a potent and orally active 11β-hydroxylase inhibitor and an autophagy activator, also inhibits the production of aldosterone. Metyrapone Tartrate inhibits synthesis of endogenous adrenal corticosteroid, decreases glucocorticoid levels, and also affects behavior and emotion. In addition, Metyrapone Tartrate increases the efficiency of autophagic process via downregulation of mTOR pathway, and interacts with Pseudomonas putida cytochrome P-450. Metyrapone Tartrate can be used for researching Cushing's syndrome and depression.
  • HY-10224S1
    Panobinostat-d4 hydrochloride

    LBH589-d4 hydrochloride; NVP-LBH589-d4 hydrochloride

    HDAC Autophagy HIV Apoptosis Cancer
    Panobinostat-d4 (hydrochloride) is deuterium labeled Panobinostat. Panobinostat (LBH589; NVP-LBH589) is a potent and orally active non-selective HDAC inhibitor, and has antineoplastic activities. Panobinostat induces HIV-1 virus production even at low concentration range 8-31 nM, stimulates HIV-1 expression in latently infected cells. Panobinostat induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. Panobinostat can be used for the study of refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma.
  • HY-10256A
    Adezmapimod hydrochloride

    SB 203580 hydrochloride; RWJ 64809 hydrochloride

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Mitophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Adezmapimod (SB 203580) hydrochloride is a selective and ATP-competitive p38 MAPK inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 500 nM for SAPK2a/p38 and SAPK2b/p38β2, respectively. Adezmapimod hydrochloride inhibits LCK, GSK3β and PKBα with IC50s of 100-500-fold higher than that for SAPK2a/p38. Adezmapimod hydrochloride is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-N0103A
    Sophocarpine monohydrate

    Autophagy Apoptosis PI3K Akt Influenza Virus Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Sophocarpine (monohydrate) is one of the significant alkaloid extracted from the traditional herb medicine Sophora flavescens which has many pharmacological properties such as anti-virus, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory. Sophocarpine (monohydrate) significantly inhibits the growth of gastric cancer (GC) cells through multiple mechanisms such as induction of autophagy, activation of cell apoptosis and down-regulation of cell survival PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Sophocarpine (monohydrate) has been demonstrated to have anti-tumor activity in various cancer cells, including hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
  • HY-10256
    Adezmapimod

    SB 203580; RWJ 64809

    p38 MAPK Autophagy Mitophagy Inflammation/Immunology Cancer
    Adezmapimod (SB 203580) is a selective and ATP-competitive p38 MAPK inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 500 nM for SAPK2a/p38 and SAPK2b/p38β2, respectively. Adezmapimod inhibits LCK, GSK3β and PKBα with IC50s of 100-500-fold higher than that for SAPK2a/p38. Adezmapimod does not disrupt JNK activity and is an autophagy and mitophagy activator.
  • HY-N0103
    Sophocarpine

    Autophagy Apoptosis PI3K Akt Influenza Virus Cancer Infection Inflammation/Immunology
    Sophocarpine is one of the significant alkaloid extracted from the traditional herb medicine Sophora flavescens which has many pharmacological properties such as anti-virus, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory. Sophocarpine significantly inhibits the growth of gastric cancer (GC) cells through multiple mechanisms such as induction of autophagy, activation of cell apoptosis and down-regulation of cell survival PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Sophocarpine has been demonstrated to have anti-tumor activity in various cancer cells, including hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
  • HY-10201S2
    Sorafenib-13C,d3

    Raf VEGFR FLT3 Autophagy Apoptosis Ferroptosis Cancer
    Sorafenib-13C,d3 is the 13C- and deuterium labeled Sorafenib. Sorafenib (Bay 43-9006) is a potent and orally active Raf inhibitor with IC50s of 6 nM and 20 nM for Raf-1 and B-Raf, respectively. Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor with IC50s of 90 nM, 15 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM and 58 nM for VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, FLT3 and c-Kit, respectively. Sorafenib induces autophagy and apoptosis. Sorafenib has anti-tumor activity. Sorafenib is a ferroptosis activator.
  • HY-18980
    Rottlerin

    Mallotoxin; NSC 56346; NSC 94525

    PKC Autophagy Apoptosis HIV Infection Cancer
    Rottlerin, a natural product purified from Mallotus Philippinensis, is a specific PKC inhibitor, with IC50 values for PKCδ of 3-6 μM, PKCα,β,γ of 30-42 μM, PKCε,η,ζ of 80-100 μM. Rottlerin acts as a direct mitochondrial uncoupler, and stimulates autophagy by targeting a signaling cascade upstream of mTORC1. Rottlerin induces apoptosis via caspase 3 activation. Rottlerin inhibits HIV-1 integration and Rabies virus (RABV) infection.
  • HY-50907S
    ABT 737-d8

    Bcl-2 Family Apoptosis Autophagy Mitophagy Cancer
    ABT 737-d8 is the deuterium labeled ABT-737. ABT-737, a BH3 mimetic, is a potent Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Bcl-w inhibitor with EC50s of 30.3 nM, 78.7 nM, and 197.8 nM, respectively. ABT-737 induces the disruption of the BCL-2/BAX complex and BAK-dependent but BIM-independent activation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. ABT-737 induces autophagy and has the potential for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) research.
  • HY-151443
    HDAC-IN-47

    HDAC Cancer
    HDAC-IN-47 is an orally active inhibitor of histone deacetylase (HDAC), with IC50s of 19.75 nM (HDAC1), 5.63 nM (HDAC2), 40.27 nM (HDAC3), 57.8 nM (HDAC2), 302.73 nM (HDAC8), respectively. HDAC-IN-47 inhibits autophagy and induces apoptosis via the Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase-3 pathways. HDAC-IN-47 arrests cell cycle at G2/M phase, and shows anti-tumor efficacy in vivo.
  • HY-136351
    THZ-P1-2

    Autophagy Cancer
    THZ-P1-2 is a first-in-class and selective PI5P4K inhibitor, with an IC50 of 190 nM for PI5P4Kα. THZ-P1-2 covalently targets cysteines on a disordered loop in PI5P4Kα/β/γ. THZ-P1-2 causes autophagy disruption and upregulates TFEB signaling. THZ-P1-2 displays anticancer activity in leukemia cell lines.
  • HY-10224S
    Panobinostat-d4

    LBH589-d4; NVP-LBH589-d4

    HDAC Autophagy HIV Apoptosis Cancer
    Panobinostat-d4 (LBH589-d4) is the deuterium labeled Panobinostat. Panobinostat (LBH589; NVP-LBH589) is a potent and orally active non-selective HDAC inhibitor, and has antineoplastic activities. Panobinostat induces HIV-1 virus production even at low concentration range 8-31 nM, stimulates HIV-1 expression in latently infected cells. Panobinostat induces cell apoptosis and autophagy. Panobinostat can be used for the study of refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma.
  • HY-13757
    Tamoxifen Citrate

    ICI 46474; (Z)-Tamoxifen Citrate; trans-Tamoxifen Citrate

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR HSP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Tamoxifen Citrate (ICI 46474) is an orally active, selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) which blocks estrogen action in breast cells and can activate estrogen activity in other cells, such as bone, liver, and uterine cells.Tamoxifen Citrate is a potent Hsp90 activator and enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen Citrate also potent inhibits infectious EBOV Zaire and Marburg (MARV) with IC50 of 0.1 µM and 1.8 µM, respectively. Tamoxifen Citrate activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-12033S2
    2-Methoxyestradiol-d5

    2-ME2-d5; NSC-659853-d5

    Microtubule/Tubulin Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite
    2-Methoxyestradiol-d5 is the deuterium labeled 2-Hydroxyestradiol. 2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME2), an orally active endogenous metabolite of 17β-estradiol (E2), is an apoptosis inducer and an angiogenesis inhibitor with potent antineoplastic activity. 2-Methoxyestradiol also destablize microtubules. 2-Methoxyestradio, also a potent superoxide dismutase (SOD) inhibitor and a ROS-generating agent, induces autophagy in the transformed cell line HEK293 and the cancer cell lines U87 and HeLa.
  • HY-100008
    Peretinoin

    NIK333

    RAR/RXR SphK Autophagy HCV Cancer Infection
    Peretinoin is an oral acyclic retinoid with a vitamin A-like structure that targets retinoid nuclear receptors such as retinoid X receptor (RXR) and retinoic acid receptor (RAR). Peretinoin reduces the mRNA level of sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1) in vitro by downregulating a transcription factor, Sp1. Peretinoin prevents the progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through activating the autophagy pathway by increased Atg16L1 expression. Peretinoin inhibits HCV RNA amplification and virus release by altering lipid metabolism with a EC50 of 9 μM.
  • HY-145260
    BRD4/CK2-IN-1

    Epigenetic Reader Domain Casein Kinase Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    BRD4/CK2-IN-1 is the first highly effective and oral active dual-target inhibitor of BRD4/CK2 (bromodomain-containing protein 4/casein kinase 2), with IC50s of 180 nM and 230 nM for BRD4 and CK2, respectively. BRD4/CK2-IN-1 has strong anticancer activity without obvious toxicities. BRD4/CK2-IN-1 induces apoptosis and autophagy-associated cell death in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC)
  • HY-N3584
    Paris saponin VII

    Chonglou Saponin VII

    Akt p38 MAPK P-glycoprotein Bcl-2 Family Caspase PARP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Paris saponin VII (Chonglou Saponin VII) is a steroidal saponin isolated from the roots and rhizomes of Trillium tschonoskii. Paris saponin VII-induced apoptosis in K562/ADR cells is associated with Akt/MAPK and the inhibition of P-gp. Paris saponin VII attenuates mitochondrial membrane potential, increases the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, such as Bax and cytochrome c, and decreases the protein expression levels of Bcl-2, caspase-9, caspase-3, PARP-1, and p-Akt. Paris saponin VII induces a robust autophagy in K562/ADR cells and provides a biochemical basis in the treatment of leukemia.
  • HY-111373
    RapaLink-1

    mTOR Autophagy Cancer
    RapaLink-1, the third-generation bivalent mTOR inhibitor, combines Rapamycin (HY-10219) with MLN0128 (HY-13328, a second-generation mTOR kinase inhibitor) by an inert chemical linker. RapaLink-1 shows better efficacy than Rapamycin or mTOR kinase inhibitors (TORKi), potently blocking cancer-derived, activating mutants of mTOR. RapaLink-1 can cross the blood-brain barrier. RapaLink-1 binding to FKBP12 results in targeted and durable inhibition of mTORC1. RapaLink-1 plays an antithrombotic role in antiphospholipid syndrome by improving autophagy. Anticancer activity.
  • HY-12033S
    2-Methoxyestradiol-13C,d3

    Microtubule/Tubulin Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    2-Methoxyestradiol-13C,d3 is the 13C- and deuterium labeled 2-Methoxyestradiol. 2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME2), an orally active endogenous metabolite of 17β-estradiol (E2), is an apoptosis inducer and an angiogenesis inhibitor with potent antineoplastic activity. 2-Methoxyestradiol also destablize microtubules. 2-Methoxyestradio, also a potent superoxide dismutase (SOD) inhibitor and a ROS-generating agent, induces autophagy in the transformed cell line HEK293 and the cancer cell lines U87 and HeLa.
  • HY-13757A
    Tamoxifen

    ICI 47699; (Z)-Tamoxifen; trans-Tamoxifen

    Estrogen Receptor/ERR HSP Autophagy Apoptosis Cancer
    Tamoxifen (ICI 47699) is an orally active, selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) which blocks estrogen action in breast cells and can activate estrogen activity in other cells, such as bone, liver, and uterine cells. Tamoxifen is a potent Hsp90 activator and enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen also potent inhibits infectious EBOV Zaire and Marburg (MARV) with IC50 of 0.1 µM and 1.8 µM, respectively. Tamoxifen activates autophagy and induces apoptosis. Tamoxifen also can induce gene knockout of CreER(T2) transgenic mouse.
  • HY-108239
    BIX-01294 trihydrochloride

    Histone Methyltransferase Autophagy Cancer
    BIX-01294 trihydrochloride is a reversible and highly selective G9a and GLP Histone Methyltransferase inhibitor, with IC50s of of 1.7 μM and 0.9 μM, respectively. BIX-01294 trihydrochloride inhibits G9a/GLP by competing for binding with the amino acids N-terminal of the substrate lysine residue. BIX-01294 trihydrochloride, a (1H-1,4-diazepin-1-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl amine derivative, induces necroptosis and autophagy. BIX-01294 trihydrochloride has antitumor activity in recurrent tumor cells.
  • HY-10587
    BIX-01294

    Histone Methyltransferase Autophagy Cancer
    BIX-01294 is a reversible and highly selective G9a and GLP Histone Methyltransferase inhibitor, with IC50s of of 1.7 μM and 0.9 μM, respectively. BIX-01294 inhibits G9a/GLP by competing for binding with the amino acids N-terminal of the substrate lysine residue. BIX-01294, a (1H-1,4-diazepin-1-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl amine derivative, induces necroptosis and autophagy. BIX-01294 has antitumor activity in recurrent tumor cells.
  • HY-151137
    HSP90/mTOR-IN-1

    mTOR HSP Apoptosis Autophagy Cancer
    HSP90/mTOR-IN-1 is a potent and orally active Hsp90 and mTOR inhibitor with IC50 values of 69 nM and 29 nM, respectively. HSP90/mTOR-IN-1 suppresses the proliferation of SW780 cells through the over-activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. HSP90/mTOR-IN-1 induces apoptosis and autophagy via selective Hsp90 and mTOR inhibition. HSP90/mTOR-IN-1 also has considerable in vivo anti-tumor activity. HSP90/mTOR-IN-1 can be used for researching bladder cancer.
  • HY-12033S1
    2-Methoxyestradiol-13C6

    2-ME2-13C6; NSC-659853-13C6

    Microtubule/Tubulin Reactive Oxygen Species Apoptosis Autophagy Endogenous Metabolite Cancer
    2-Methoxyestradiol-13C6 (2-ME2-13C6) is the 13C-labeled 2-Methoxyestradiol. 2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME2), an orally active endogenous metabolite of 17β-estradiol (E2), is an apoptosis inducer and an angiogenesis inhibitor with potent antineoplastic activity. 2-Methoxyestradiol also destablize microtubules. 2-Methoxyestradio, also a potent superoxide dismutase (SOD) inhibitor and a ROS-generating agent, induces autophagy in the transformed cell line HEK293 and the cancer cell lines U87 and HeLa.
  • HY-N3387
    Licoricidin

    Apoptosis NF-κB Akt MMP Cancer Inflammation/Immunology
    Licoricidin (LCD) is isolated from Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, possesses anti-cancer activities. Licoricidin (LCD) inhibit SW480 cells (IC50=7.2 μM) by inducing cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy, and is a potential chemopreventive or chemotherapeutic agent against colorectal cancer. Licoricidin (LCD) inhibits Lung Metastasis by inhibition of tumor angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis as well as changes in the local microenvironment of tumor tissues the anticarcinogenic effect. Licoricidin enhanced gemcitabine-induced cytotoxicity in Osteosarcoma (OS) cells by inactivation of the Akt and NF-κB pathways in vitro and in vivo. Licoricidin blocks UVA-induced photoaging via ROS scavenging, limits the activity of MMP-1, it can be considered as an active ingredient in new topically applied anti-ageing formulations.
  • HY-134807
    Indophagolin

    P2X Receptor 5-HT Receptor Autophagy Cancer
    Indophagolin is a potent, indoline-containing autophagy inhibitor (IC50=140 nM). Indophagolin antagonizes the purinergic receptor P2X4 as well as P2X1 and P2X3 with IC50s of 2.71, 2.40 and 3.49 μM, respectively. Indophagolin also antagonizes the Gq-protein-coupled P2Y4, P2Y6, and P2Y11 receptors (IC50s =3.4~15.4 μM). Indophagolin has a strong antagonistic effect on serotonin receptor 5-HT6 (IC50=1.0 μM) and a moderate effect on receptors 5-HT1B, 5-HT2B, 5-HT4e, and 5-HT7.