1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
  3. P-glycoprotein

P-glycoprotein

P-glycoprotein (P-gp) also known as multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1) is an important protein of the cell membrane that pumps many foreign substances out of cells. More formally, it is an ATP-dependent efflux pump with broad substrate specificity. P-gp is extensively distributed and expressed in the intestinal epithelium where it pumps xenobiotics (such as toxins or drugs) back into the intestinal lumen, in liver cells where it pumps them into bile ducts, in the cells of the proximal tubular of the kidney where it pumps them into urine-conducting ducts, and in the capillary endothelial cells comprising the blood–brain barrier and blood-testis barrier, where it pumps them back into the capillaries. Some cancer cells also express large amounts of P-gp, which renders these cancers multi-drug resistant. P-gp is an ATP-dependent drug efflux pump for xenobiotic compounds with broad substrate specificity. It is responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells and often mediates the development of resistance to anticancer drugs. This protein also functions as a transporter in the blood–brain barrier.

P-glycoprotein Related Products (49):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-A0064
    Verapamil hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.95%
    Verapamil hydrochloride ((±)-Verapamil hydrochloride) is a calcium channel blocker and a potent and orally active first-generation P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor. Verapamil hydrochloride also inhibits CYP3A4. Verapamil hydrochloride has the potential for high blood pressure, heart arrhythmias and angina research.
  • HY-50879
    Elacridar Inhibitor 99.80%
    Elacridar (GF120918) is a potent P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and BCRP inhibitor.
  • HY-17367A
    Atazanavir sulfate Modulator 99.94%
    Atazanavir sulfate (BMS-232632 sulfate) is a highly selective HIV-1 protease inhibitor for the treatment of HIV infection, and is the first protease inhibitor approved for once-daily administration. Atazanavir sulfate (BMS-232632 sulfate) is a substrate and inhibitor of CYP3A4, and an inhibitor and inducer of P-glycoprotein (P-gp).
  • HY-10550
    Tariquidar Inhibitor
    Tariquidar (XR9576) is a potent and specific inhibitor of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) with the high affinity (Kd=5.1 nM).
  • HY-17384
    Valspodar Inhibitor 99.27%
    Valspodar is a selective P-glycoprotein inhibitor that has been used as an experimental cancer treatment and chemosensitizer.
  • HY-N3085
    Phellamurin Inhibitor
    Phellamurin is a plant flavonone glycoside from the leaves of Phellodendron amurense and inhibits intestinal P-glycoprotein. Phellamurin also inhibits egg laying by Papilio protenor. Phellamurin induces cells apoptosis and has anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-N5077B
    Sinapine hydroxide Inhibitor
    Sinapine hydroxide is an alkaloid isolated from seeds of the cruciferous species. Sinapine hydroxide exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-tumor, anti-angiogenic and radio-protective effects. Sinapine hydroxide is also an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor and can be used for the research of Alzheimer’s disease, ataxia, myasthenia gravis, and Parkinson’s disease.
  • HY-121793
    Roemerine Inhibitor
    Roemerine, an aporphine alkaloid, isolated from the leaves of Annona senegalensis, functions by interacting with P-glycoprotein. Roemerine reverses the multidrug-resistance phenotype with cultured cells.
  • HY-11018
    Risperidone Inhibitor 99.16%
    Risperidone is a serotonin 5-HT2 receptor blocker, P-Glycoprotein inhibitor and potent dopamine D2 receptor antagonist, with Kis of 4.8, 5.9 nM for 5-HT2A and dopamine D2 receptor, respectively.
  • HY-50671
    Zosuquidar trihydrochloride Inhibitor 98.43%
    Zosuquidar trihydrochloride is an inhibitor of P-glycoprotein with a Ki value of 59 nM.
  • HY-13646
    Encequidar Inhibitor 98.12%
    Encequidar (HM30181; HM30181A) is a potent and selective inhibitor of P-glycoprotein.
  • HY-15255
    Zosuquidar Inhibitor 98.33%
    Zosuquidar (LY335979) is a potent negative modulator of P-glycoprotein-mediated multi-drug resistance with Ki of 60 nM.
  • HY-107212
    Selamectin Inhibitor 99.89%
    Selamectin, a semi-synthetic macrocyclic lactone, is a potent parasiticide and anthelminthic. Selamectin activates glutamate-gated chloride channels in neurons and pharyngeal muscles to prevent heartworm, Lymphatic filariae, and nematode infection. Selamectin is also a potent P-glycoprotein substrate and a P-glycoprotein inhibitor with an IC50 of 120 nM.
  • HY-N0144
    Piperine Inhibitor 98.94%
    Piperine, a natural alkaloid isolated from Piper nigrum L, inhibits P-glycoprotein and CYP3A4 activities with an IC50 value of 61.94±0.054 μg/mL in HeLa cell.
  • HY-N0797
    (20S)-Protopanaxadiol Inhibitor >98.0%
    (20S)-Protopanaxadiol (20-Epiprotopanaxadiol) is an aglycon metabolic derivative of the protopanaxadiol-type ginseng saponin; apoptosis inducer.
  • HY-50880
    Elacridar hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.73%
    Elacridar hydrochloride (GF120918A) is a potent P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and BCRP inhibitor.
  • HY-N0450
    Sinapine thiocyanate Inhibitor 98.32%
    Sinapine thiocyanate is an alkaloid isolated from seeds of the cruciferous species. Sinapine thiocyanate exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-tumor, anti-angiogenic and radio-protective effects. Sinapine thiocyanate is also an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor and can be used for the research of Alzheimer’s disease, ataxia, myasthenia gravis, and Parkinson’s disease.
  • HY-N5077
    Sinapine Inhibitor 99.87%
    Sinapine is an alkaloid isolated from seeds of the cruciferous species. Sinapine exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-tumor, anti-angiogenic and radio-protective effects. Sinapine is also an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor and can be used for the research of Alzheimer’s disease, ataxia, myasthenia gravis, and Parkinson’s disease.
  • HY-10550A
    Tariquidar methanesulfonate, hydrate Inhibitor 98.02%
    Tariquidar methanesulfonate, hydrate (XR9576 methanesulfonate, hydrate) is a potent and specific inhibitor of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) with a Kd of 5.1 nM.
  • HY-N0069
    Solamargine Inhibitor >98.0%
    Solamargine, a derivative from the steroidal solasodine in Solanum species, exhibits anticancer activities in numerous types of cancer. Solamargine induces non-selective cytotoxicity and P-glycoprotein inhibition. Solamargine significantly inhibits migration and invasion of HepG2 cells by down-regulating MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression and activity.
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