1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. Cytochrome P450

Cytochrome P450

Cytochrome p450 comprises a superfamily of heme-thiolate proteins named for the spectral absorbance peak of their carbon-monoxide-bound species at 450 nm. Having been found in every class of organism, including Archaea, the p450 superfamily is believed to have originated from an ancestral gene that existed over 3 billion years ago. Repeated gene duplications have subsequently given rise to one of the largest of multigene families. These enzymes are notable both for the diversity of reactions that they catalyze and the range of chemically dissimilar substrates upon which they act. Cytochrome p450s support the oxidative, peroxidative and reductive metabolism of such endogenous and xenobiotic substrates as environmental pollutants, agrochemicals, plant allelochemicals, steroids, prostaglandins and fatty acids. In humans, Cytochrome p450s are best known for their central role in phase I drug metabolism where they are of critical importance to two of the most significant problems in clinical pharmacology: drug interactions and interindividual variability in drug metabolism.

Cytochrome P450 Related Products (166):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-A0064
    Verapamil hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.98%
    Verapamil hydrochloride ((±)-Verapamil hydrochloride) is a calcium channel blocker and a potent and orally active first-generation P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor. Verapamil hydrochloride also inhibits CYP3A4. Verapamil hydrochloride has the potential for high blood pressure, heart arrhythmias and angina research.
  • HY-N1201
    Apigenin Inhibitor 99.22%
    Apigenin (4',5,7-Trihydroxyflavone) is a competitive CYP2C9 inhibitor with a Ki of 2 μM.
  • HY-17356
    Fenofibrate Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Fenofibrate is a selective PPARα agonist with an EC50 of 30 μM. Fenofibrate also inhibits human cytochrome P450 isoforms, with IC50s of 0.2, 0.7, 9.7, 4.8 and 142.1 μM for CYP2C19, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C8, and CYP3A4, respectively.
  • HY-B0105
    Ketoconazole Inhibitor 99.47%
    Ketoconazole (R-41400) is an imidazole anti-fungal agent, a CYP3A4 and CYP24A1 inhibitor.
  • HY-103389
    1-Aminobenzotriazole Inhibitor 99.88%
    1-Aminobenzotriazole is a nonspecific and irreversible inhibitor of cytochrome P450 (P450).
  • HY-108881
    Troleandomycin Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Troleandomycin (Triacetyloleandomycin), a macrolide acrolide antibiotic, is a selective CYP3A inhibitor. Troleandomycin is an oral corticosteroid for asthma study.
  • HY-16719
    Dapaconazole Inhibitor 98.95%
    Dapaconazole, as an antifungal agent, inhibits sterol 14α-demethylase cytochrome P450 activity with an IC50 of 1.4 μM.
  • HY-131723
    Pregnenolone 16α-carbonitrile Activator
    Pregnenolone 16α-carbonitrile is an orally active prototypical and effective rodent-PXR activator. Pregnenolone 16α-carbonitrile, a synthetic steroid, induces cytochrome P4503A expression. Pregnenolone 16α-carbonitrile exhibits increased resistance to subsequent stressful insults.
  • HY-17514
    Itraconazole Inhibitor 99.15%
    Itraconazole (R51211) is a triazole antifungal agent and a potent and orally active Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway antagonist with an IC50 of ~800 nM. Itraconazole potently inhibits lanosterol 14α-demethylase (cytochrome P450 enzyme), thereby inhibits the oxidative conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol. Itraconazole has anticancer and antiangiogenic effects. Itraconazole is a oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) inhibitor.
  • HY-10493
    Cobicistat Inhibitor 99.77%
    Cobicistat is a potent and selective inhibitor of cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) enzymes with IC50s of 30-285 nM. Cobicistat is a pharmacokinetic enhancer which increases the overall absorption of several HIV medications.
  • HY-75054
    Abiraterone acetate Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Abiraterone acetate (CB7630) is an oral, potent, selective, and irreversible inhibitor of CYP17A1 with antiandrogen activity. Abiraterone acetate is a prodrug form of Abiraterone (CB7598).
  • HY-70013
    Abiraterone Inhibitor
    Abiraterone is a potent and irreversible CYP17A1 inhibitor with antiandrogen activity, which inhibits both the 17α-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase activity of the cytochrome p450 enzyme CYP17 with IC50s of 2.5 nM and 15 nM, respectively.
  • HY-17508
    Clarithromycin Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Clarithromycin has a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity. Clarithromycin inhibits the CYP3A4-catalyzed triazolam alpha-hydroxylation with the IC50 (Ki) value of 56 (43) μM. Clarithromycin significantly inhibits the HERG potassium current.Clarithromycin affects the autophagic flux by impairing the signaling pathway linking hERG1 and PI3K.
  • HY-13832
    Atovaquone Inhibitor 99.81%
    Atovaquone (Atavaquone) is a potent, selective and orally active inhibitor of the parasite’s mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 complex. Atovaquone is against human and  P. falciparum cytochrome bc1 activity with IC50 values of 460 nM and 2.0 nM, respectively. Atovaquone is an antimalarial agent and has the potential for the investigation of neumocystis pneumonia, toxoplasmosis, malaria, and babesia.
  • HY-14531
    Talarozole Inhibitor 99.78%
    Talarozole (R115866) is an oral systemic all-trans retinoic acid metabolism blocking agent (RAMBA) which increases intracellular levels of endogenous all-trans retinoic acid (RA). Talarozole inhibits both CYP26A1 and CYP26B1 with IC50s of 5.4 and 0.46 nM, respectively.
  • HY-14275
    Verapamil Inhibitor 98.82%
    Verapamil ((±)-Verapamil) is a calcium channel blocker and a potent and orally active first-generation P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor. Verapamil also inhibits CYP3A4. Verapamil has the potential for high blood pressure, heart arrhythmias and angina research.
  • HY-17367A
    Atazanavir sulfate Inhibitor 99.94%
    Atazanavir (BMS-232632) sulfate, a highly selective HIV-1 protease inhibitor, is the first protease inhibitor approved for once-daily administration. Atazanavir sulfate is a substrate and inhibitor of CYP3A4, and an inhibitor and inducer of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Atazanavir sulfate is also a SARS-CoV 3CLpro inhibitor with an IC50 of 3.49 μM.
  • HY-14273
    Isavuconazole Inhibitor 99.99%
    Isavuconazole (BAL-4815) is a triazole prodrug with antifungal activity against yeasts, molds, and dimorphic fungi. Isavuconazole inhibits ergosterol biosynthesis and results in the disruption of fungal membrane structure and function. Isavuconazole is a moderate inhibitor of CYP3A4.
  • HY-N0382
    Galangin Inhibitor 99.96%
    Galangin (Norizalpinin) is an agonist/antagonist of the arylhydrocarbon receptor. Galangin (Norizalpinin) also shows inhibition of CYP1A1 activity.
  • HY-N0153
    Naringin Inhibitor 99.79%
    Naringin is a major flavanone glycoside obtained from tomatoes, grapefruits, and many other citrus fruits. Naringin exhibits biological properties such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic activities.
Isoform Specific Products

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