1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Antibody-drug Conjugate/ADC Related
  3. ADC Cytotoxin

ADC Cytotoxin

ADC Payload

ADC cytotoxins (also known as payloads) are cytotoxic agents that induce target cell death in Antibody Drug Conjugates (ADCs). An ADC is a targeted agent composed with a monoclonal antibody, a linker and a cytotoxin. The cytotoxin is the most important component as it determines the potency to kill cancer cells of an ADC.

There are many cytotoxins which are currently being used such as Calicheamicins, Duocarmycins, Pyrrolobenzodiazepines (PBDs), Camptothecins, Daunorubicins/Doxorubicins, Auristatins and Maytansinoids. They can be divided in two classes based on their mechanism of action, DNA damaging agents and tubulin inhibitors. Among them Calicheamicins, Duocarmycins and PBDs are DNA minor grove binders, Camptothecins and Daunorubicins/Doxorubicins are topoisomerase inhibitors, which are DNA damaging agents. Auristatins and Maytansinoids are tubulin inhibitors. Except for the listed cytotoxins, there are numbers of traditional cytotoxic agents with similar mechanisms of killing cancer cells and can also be used in the development of ADCs.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-15142
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride
    Doxorubicin (Hydroxydaunorubicin) hydrochloride, a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic, is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Doxorubicin hydrochloride is a potent human DNA topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II inhibitor with IC50s of 0.8 μM and 2.67 μM, respectively. Doxorubicin hydrochloride reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK and its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Doxorubicin hydrochloride induces apoptosis and autophagy.
  • HY-B0015
    Paclitaxel is a naturally occurring antineoplastic agent and stabilizes tubulin polymerization. Paclitaxel can cause both mitotic arrest and apoptotic cell death. Paclitaxel also induces autophagy.
  • HY-15162
    Monomethyl auristatin E
    Monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE; SGD-1010) is a synthetic derivative of dolastatin 10 and functions as a potent mitotic inhibitor by inhibiting tubulin polymerization. MMAE is widely used as a cytotoxic component of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) to treat several different cancer types.
  • HY-13631A
    Exatecan mesylate
    Exatecan mesylate (DX8951f) is a DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor, with an IC50 of 2.2 μM (0.975 μg/mL). Exatecan mesylate can be used in cancer research.
  • HY-13631D
    Dxd (Exatecan derivative for ADC) is a potent DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.31 μM, used as a conjugated drug of HER2-targeting ADC (DS-8201a).
  • HY-148819A
    NH2-bicyclo[1.1.1]pentane-7-MAD-MDCPT hydrochloride
    NH2-bicyclo[1.1.1]pentane-7-MAD-MDCPT (compound I) hydrochloride is a topoisomerase I inhibitor, which can be delivered to cells through conjugated antibody targeting, and has good ADC activity in vivo and in vitro.
  • HY-153797
    Dox-btn2 is a biotinylated derivative of Doxorubicin (HY-15142A), with a biotin label at the point of conjugation to doxorubicin at 3'-NH2. Dox-btn2 can be used for cell imaging. While Doxorubicin is mainly accumulated in the nucleus, while Dox-btn2 is mainly located in the cytoplasm.
  • HY-132160
    7-Aminomethyl-10-methyl-11-fluoro camptothecin
    7-Aminomethyl-10-methyl-11-fluoro camptothecin is a cytotoxin of MC-AAA-NHCH2OCH2COO-7-aminomethyl-10-methyl-11-fluoro camptothecin (HY-132158). 7-Aminomethyl-10-methyl-11-fluoro camptothecin can be used for the synthesis of camptothecin antibody-drug conjugate (ADC).
  • HY-14519
    Methotrexate (Amethopterin), an antimetabolite and antifolate agent, inhibits the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase, thereby preventing the conversion of folic acid into tetrahydrofolate, and inhibiting DNA synthesis. Methotrexate, also an immunosuppressant and antineoplastic agent, is used for the research of rheumatoid arthritis and a number of different cancers (such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia).
  • HY-13704
    SN-38 (NK012) is an active metabolite of the Topoisomerase I inhibitor Irinotecan. SN-38 (NK012) inhibits DNA and RNA synthesis with IC50s of 0.077 and 1.3 μM, respectively.
  • HY-16560
    Camptothecin (CPT), a kind of alkaloid, is a DNA topoisomerase I (Topo I) inhibitor with an IC50 of 679 nM. Camptothecin (CPT) exhibits powerful antineoplastic activity against colorectal, breast, lung and ovarian cancers, modulates hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) activity by changing microRNAs (miRNA) expression patterns in human cancer cells.
  • HY-19792
    Mertansine (DM1) is a microtubulin inhibitor and is an antibody-conjugatable maytansinoid that is developed to overcome systemic toxicity associated with maytansine and to enhance tumor-specific delivery. Mertansine can be attached to a monoclonal antibody with a linker to create an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC).
  • HY-13062
    Daunorubicin hydrochloride
    Daunorubicin (Daunomycin) hydrochloride is a topoisomerase II inhibitor with potent anti-tumor activity. Daunorubicin hydrochloride inhibits DNA and RNA synthesis. Daunorubicin hydrochloride is a cytotoxin that inhibits cancer cell viability and induces apoptosis and necrosis. Daunorubicin hydrochloride is also an anthracycline antibiotic. Daunorubicin hydrochloride can be used in the research of infection and variety of cancers, including leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphomas, Ewing's sarcoma, Wilms' tumor.
  • HY-19610
    α-Amanitin is the principal toxin of several deadly poisonous mushrooms, exerting its toxic function by inhibiting RNA-polymerase II.
  • HY-15579
    MMAF (Monomethylauristatin F) is a potent tubulin polymerization inhibitor and is used as a antitumor agent. MMAF (Monomethylauristatin F) is widely used as a cytotoxic component of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) such as vorsetuzumab mafodotin and SGN-CD19A.
  • HY-42487
    Exatecan Intermediate 1
    Exatecan Intermediate 1 (compound 6) is an intermediate of Exatecan (DX-8951, HY-13631). Exatecan is an anticancer agent belonging to the class of camptothecin analogs. Exatecan interferes with the proliferation and division of tumor cells by interacting with DNA, thereby inhibiting tumor growth. Exatecan is primarily used for research of a variety of cancers including ovarian, lung and breast cancers.
  • HY-15162A
    MMAE-d8 is a deuterated labeled MMAE, a potent mitotic inhibitor and a tubulin inhibitor.
  • HY-12454
    DM4 is is an antitubulin agent that inhibit cell division. DM4 can be used in the preparation of antibody agent conjugate.
  • HY-13631
    Exatecan (DX-8951) is a DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor, with an IC50 of 2.2 μM (0.975 μg/mL), and can be used in cancer research.
  • HY-19609
    Calicheamicin, an antitumor antibiotic, is a cytotoxic agent that causes double-strand DNA breaks. Calicheamicin is a DNA synthesis inhibitor. Calicheamicin is a click chemistry reagent, itcontains an Alkyne group and can undergo copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAc) with molecules containing Azide groups.

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