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Steroids

A steroid is an organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration, composed of seventeen carbon atoms, bonded in four "fused" rings: three six-member cyclohexane rings (rings A, B and C) and one five-member cyclopentane ring (the D ring). Hundreds of steroids are found in plants, animals and fungi. Examples include the dietary lipid cholesterol, the sex hormones estradiol and testosterone. Steroids have two principal biological functions: certain steroids (such as cholesterol) are important components of cell membranes which alter membrane fluidity, and many steroids are signaling molecules which activate steroid hormone receptors.

Steroids (314):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-N0583
    Hydrocortisone 50-23-7 99.94%
    Hydrocortisone (Cortisol) is a steroid hormone or glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex.
    Hydrocortisone
  • HY-B0141
    Estradiol 50-28-2 99.99%
    Estradiol is a steroid sex hormone vital to the maintenance of fertility and secondary sexual characteristics in females. Estradiol upregulates IL-6 expression through the estrogen receptor β (ERβ) pathway.
    Estradiol
  • HY-N4000
    Digitonin 11024-24-1
    Digitonin, a glycoside obtained from Digitalis purpurea, could increase cell permeability by binding to cholesterol molecules and reduce tumor growth. Digitonin is an natural detergent.
    Digitonin
  • HY-B1618
    Corticosterone 50-22-6 99.63%
    Corticosterone is an adrenocortical steroid that has modest but significant activities as a mineralocorticoid and a glucocorticoid.
    Corticosterone
  • HY-N0437
    Progesterone 57-83-0 99.66%
    Progesterone is a steroid hormone that regulates the menstrual cycle and is crucial for pregnancy.
    Progesterone
  • HY-13771A
    Ursodeoxycholic acid sodium 2898-95-5 ≥98.0%
    Ursodeoxycholic acid (Ursodeoxycholate) sodium is a secondary bile acid issued from the transformation of (cheno)deoxycholic acid by intestinal bacteria, acting as a key regulator of the intestinal barrier integrity and essential for lipid metabolism. Ursodeoxycholic acid sodium acts as signaling molecule, exerting its effects by interacting with bile acid activated receptors, including G-protein coupled bile acid receptor 5 (TGR5, GPCR19) and the farnesoid X receptor (FXR). Ursodeoxycholic acid sodium can be used for the research of a variety of hepatic and gastrointestinal diseases. Orally active.
    Ursodeoxycholic acid sodium
  • HY-N0169B
    Murideoxycholic acid 668-49-5
    Murideoxycholic acid is a 6 beta-hydroxylated bile acid.
    Murideoxycholic acid
  • HY-129566
    Withanolide B 56973-41-2
    Withanolide B is an active component of W. somnifera Dunal. Withanolide B promotes osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs via ERK1/2 and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways. Withanolide B exhibits neuroprotective, anti-arthritic, anti-aging and anti-cancer effects.
    Withanolide B
  • HY-N0322
    Cholesterol 57-88-5 ≥98.0%
    Cholesterol is the major sterol in mammals and is makes up 20-25% of structural component of the plasma membrane. Plasma membranes are highly permeable to water but relatively impermeable to ions and protons. Cholesterol plays an important role in determining the fluidity and permeability characteristics of the membrane as well as the function of both the transporters and signaling proteins. Cholesterol is also an endogenous estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) agonist.
    Cholesterol
  • HY-17024
    Cyclopamine 4449-51-8 99.97%
    Cyclopamine is a Hedgehog (Hh) pathway antagonist with an IC50 of 46 nM in the Hh cell assay. Cyclopamine is also a selective Smo inhibitor.
    Cyclopamine
  • HY-19696
    Tauroursodeoxycholate 14605-22-2 ≥98.0%
    Tauroursodeoxycholate (Tauroursodeoxycholic acid) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inhibitor. Tauroursodeoxycholate significantly reduces expression of apoptosis molecules, such as caspase-3 and caspase-12. Tauroursodeoxycholate also inhibits ERK.
    Tauroursodeoxycholate
  • HY-113134
    25-Hydroxycholesterol 2140-46-7 ≥98.0%
    25-Hydroxycholesterol is a metabolite of cholesterol that is produced and secreted by macrophages in response to Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation. 25-hydroxycholesterol is a potent (EC50≈65 nM) and selective suppressor of IgA production by B cells.
    25-Hydroxycholesterol
  • HY-76847
    Chenodeoxycholic Acid 474-25-9 ≥98.0%
    Chenodeoxycholic Acid is a hydrophobic primary bile acid that activates nuclear receptors (FXR) involved in cholesterol metabolism.
    Chenodeoxycholic Acid
  • HY-12033
    2-Methoxyestradiol 362-07-2 99.82%
    2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME2), an orally active endogenous metabolite of 17β-estradiol (E2), is an apoptosis inducer and an angiogenesis inhibitor with potent antineoplastic activity. 2-Methoxyestradiol also destablize microtubules. 2-Methoxyestradio, also a potent superoxide dismutase (SOD) inhibitor and a ROS-generating agent, induces autophagy in the transformed cell line HEK293 and the cancer cell lines U87 and HeLa.
    2-Methoxyestradiol
  • HY-B0542
    Ouabain Octahydrate 11018-89-6 99.96%
    Ouabain Octahydrate is an inhibitor of Na+/K+-ATPase, used for the treatment of congestive heart failure.
    Ouabain Octahydrate
  • HY-B0469
    Medroxyprogesterone acetate 71-58-9 99.88%
    Medroxyprogesterone acetate is a widely used synthetic steroid by its interaction with progesterone, androgen and glucocorticoid receptors.
    Medroxyprogesterone acetate
  • HY-N0593
    Deoxycholic acid 83-44-3 99.89%
    Deoxycholic acid is specifically responsible for activating the G protein-coupled bile acid receptor TGR5 that stimulates brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenic activity.
    Deoxycholic acid
  • HY-B0172
    Lithocholic acid 434-13-9 ≥98.0%
    Lithocholic acid is a toxic secondary bile acid, causes intrahepatic cholestasis, has tumor-promoting activity.
    Lithocholic acid
  • HY-13771
    Ursodeoxycholic acid 128-13-2 ≥98.0%
    Ursodeoxycholic acid (Ursodeoxycholate) is a secondary bile acid issued from the transformation of (cheno)deoxycholic acid by intestinal bacteria, acting as a key regulator of the intestinal barrier integrity and essential for lipid metabolism. Ursodeoxycholic acid acts as signaling molecule, exerting its effects by interacting with bile acid activated receptors, including G-protein coupled bile acid receptor 5 (TGR5, GPCR19) and the farnesoid X receptor (FXR). Ursodeoxycholic acid can be used for the research of a variety of hepatic and gastrointestinal diseases. Orally active.
    Ursodeoxycholic acid
  • HY-107738
    Guggulsterone 95975-55-6 99.83%
    Guggulsterone is a plant sterol derived from the gum resin of the tree Commiphora wightii. Guggulsterone inhibits the growth of a wide variety of tumor cells and induces apoptosis through down regulation of antiapoptotic gene products (IAP1, xIAP, Bfl-1/A1, Bcl-2, cFLIP and survivin), modulation of cell cycle proteins (cyclin D1 and c-Myc), activation of caspases and JNK, inhibition of Akt. Guggulsterone, a farnesoid X receptor (FXR) antagonist, decreases CDCA-induced FXR activation with IC50s of 17 and 15 μM for Z- and E-Guggulsterone, respectively.
    Guggulsterone