1. Signaling Pathways
  2. GPCR/G Protein
  3. P2Y Receptor

P2Y Receptor

P2Y receptors are a class of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) activated by extracellular nucleotides (ATP, UTP, and UDP). There are eight mammalian P2Y receptor subtypes (P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, P2Y11, P2Y12, P2Y13, and P2Y14). The P2Y receptors are expressed in various cell types and play important roles in physiology and pathophysiology including inflammatory responses and neuropathic pain.

The P2Y family can be further divided into a subfamily of five P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, and P2Y11Rs (“P2Y1-like”) that stimulate phospholipase C (PLC) through Gq protein and a second subfamily of P2Y12, P2Y13, and P2Y14Rs (“P2Y12-like”) that inhibit adenylate cyclase through Gi protein. Other effector pathways have been documented, such as coupling of the P2Y11R to Gs as well as to Gq in some cells to induce stimulation of cyclic AMP production.

P2Y Receptor Related Products (69):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-10064
    Antagonist 99.92%
    Ticagrelor (AZD6140) is a reversible oral P2Y12 receptor antagonist for the treatment of platelet aggregation.
  • HY-15283
    Inhibitor 99.57%
    Clopidogrel is an orally active platelet inhibitor that targets P2Y12 receptor. Clopidogrel is used to inhibit blood clots in coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease.
  • HY-N7032
    Uridine 5′-diphosphoglucose disodium salt
    Agonist 99.61%
    Uridine 5′-diphosphoglucose disodium salt (UDP-D-Glucose disodium salt) is the precursor of glucose-containing oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, glycoproteins, and glycolipids in animal tissues and in some microorganisms. Uridine-5′-diphosphoglucose is an agonist of the P2Y14 receptor, a neuroimmune system GPCR.
  • HY-111557
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    YM-254890 is a selective Gαq/11 protein inhibitor isolated from Chromobacterium sp. YM-254890 shows no inhibition of other G protein subtypes. YM-254890 inhibits platelet aggregation induced by ADP by blocking the P2Y1 signal transduction pathway, with an IC50 value below 0.6 μM.
  • HY-13104
    MRS 2578
    Antagonist 98.15%
    MRS 2578 is a selective and potent P2Y6 receptor antagonist with IC50s of 37 nM (human) and 98 nM (rat). MRS 2578 exhibits insignificant activity at P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, and P2Y11 receptors.
  • HY-108661A
    NF546 hydrate
    NF546 (hydrate) is a selective non-nucleotide P2Y11 agonist with a pEC50 of 6.27. NF546 (hydrate) stimulates release of interleukin-8 from human monocyte-derived dendritic cells.
  • HY-134361
    ATP-γ-S tetrasodium
    ATP-γ-S tetrasodium, an ATP analogue, is a P2Y11 receptor agonist. ATP-γ-S tetrasodium is active in ATP hydrolysis. ATP-γ-S tetrasodium is also an antioxidant and neuroprotectant.
  • HY-113359
    Uridine 5'-diphosphate
    Uridine 5'-diphosphate is a P2Y6 receptor agonist with an EC50 of 0.013 μM for human P2Y6 receptor.
  • HY-W010832
    Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt
    Modulator ≥99.0%
    Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt is a potent, selective P2Y6 receptor native agonist (EC50=300 nM; pEC50=6.52 for human P2Y6 receptor). Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt, an endogenous metabolite, catalyzes the glucuronidation of a wide array of substrates and is used in nucleic acid (RNA) biosynthesis.
  • HY-19638A
    Cangrelor tetrasodium
    Antagonist 99.93%
    Cangrelor tetrasodium, an adenosine triphosphate analogue, is a reversible and selective platelet P2Y12 antagonist, with prompt and potent antiplatelet effects. Cangrelor tetrasodium directly blocks adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced activation and aggregation of platelets. Cangrelor tetrasodium is also a nonspecific GPR17 antagonist.
  • HY-110322
    PPTN hydrochloride
    Antagonist 99.89%
    PPTN hydrochloride is a potent, high-affinity, competitive and highly selective P2Y14 receptor antagonist with a KB value of 434 pM. PPTN hydrochloride exhibits no agonist or antagonist effect at the P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, P2Y11, P2Y12, or P2Y13 receptors. Anti-inflammatory and anti-immune activity.
  • HY-B0606
    Diquafosol tetrasodium
    Agonist ≥99.0%
    Diquafosol tetrasodium is a P2Y2 receptor agonist that stimulates fluid and mucin secretion on the ocular surface, as a topical treatment of dry eye disease.
  • HY-17459
    Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate
    Inhibitor 99.43%
    Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate is an antiplatelet agent to prevent blood clots. Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate inhibits CYP2B6 and CYP2C19 with IC50s of 18.2 nM and 524 nM, respectively. Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate is a potent antithrombotic agent that inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation.Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate also is an orally active P2Y(12) inhibitor.
  • HY-13831
    Antagonist 99.83%
    BPTU (BMS-646786) is a non-nucleotide P2Y1 receptor allosteric antagonist with antithrombotic activity. BPTU is able to block the P2Y1 receptor located at the neuromuscular junction of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • HY-15284
    Inhibitor 99.85%
    Prasugrel (PCR 4099), a thienopyridine and proagent, inhibits platelet function. Prasugrel is an orally active and potent P2Y12 receptor antagonist, and inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation.
  • HY-108660
    Antagonist 98.67%
    PSB-0739 is a high-affinity potent, competitive, nonselective platelet P2Y12 receptor antagonist with a Ki values of 24.9 nM. The P2Y12 receptor plays a crucial role in platelet aggregation. Antithrombotic effect.
  • HY-114364
    UDP-Galactose disodium
    Agonist 99.42%
    UDP-Galactose disodium is a monosaccharide and a P2Y14 receptor agonist with an EC50 value of 0.67 μM. UDP-Galactose disodium is a substrate for the transferase beta-1, 4 galactosyltransferase V (B4GALT5).
  • HY-125989
    Antagonist 99.30%
    2-Methylthio-AMP (2-MeSAMP) is a selective and direct P2Y12 antagonist. 2-Methylthio-AMP is an inhibitor of ADP-dependent platelet aggregation.
  • HY-146486
    P2Y2R/GPR17 antagonist 1
    Inhibitor 98.85%
    P2Y2R/GPR17 antagonist 1 (Compound 14m) is a dual P2Y2R and GPR17 antagonist with IC50 values of 3.17 µM and 1.67 µM against P2Y2R and GPR17, respectively. P2Y2R/GPR17 antagonist 1 shows excellent metabolic stability in human liver microsomes.
  • HY-108658
    MRS2500 tetraammonium
    Antagonist 99.85%
    MRS2500 tetraammonium is a potent, selective and stable antagonist of the P2Y1 receptor (Ki=0.78 nM for recombinant human P2Y1 receptor). MRS2500 tetraammonium inhibits the ADP-induced aggregation of human platelets with an IC50 value of 0.95 nM. Antithrombotic activity.