1. Signaling Pathways
  2. GPCR/G Protein
  3. P2Y Receptor

P2Y Receptor

P2Y receptors are a class of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) activated by extracellular nucleotides (ATP, UTP, and UDP). There are eight mammalian P2Y receptor subtypes (P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, P2Y11, P2Y12, P2Y13, and P2Y14). The P2Y receptors are expressed in various cell types and play important roles in physiology and pathophysiology including inflammatory responses and neuropathic pain.

The P2Y family can be further divided into a subfamily of five P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, and P2Y11Rs (“P2Y1-like”) that stimulate phospholipase C (PLC) through Gq protein and a second subfamily of P2Y12, P2Y13, and P2Y14Rs (“P2Y12-like”) that inhibit adenylate cyclase through Gi protein. Other effector pathways have been documented, such as coupling of the P2Y11R to Gs as well as to Gq in some cells to induce stimulation of cyclic AMP production.

P2Y Receptor Related Products (52):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-111557
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    YM-254890 is a selective Gαq/11 protein inhibitor isolated from Chromobacterium sp. YM-254890 shows no inhibition of other G protein subtypes. YM-254890 inhibits platelet aggregation induced by ADP by blocking the P2Y1 signal transduction pathway, with an IC50 value below 0.6 μM.
  • HY-10064
    Antagonist 99.86%
    Ticagrelor (AZD6140) is a reversible oral P2Y12 receptor antagonist for the treatment of platelet aggregation.
  • HY-N7032
    Uridine 5′-diphosphoglucose disodium salt
    Agonist 99.61%
    Uridine 5′-diphosphoglucose disodium salt (UDP-D-Glucose disodium salt) is the precursor of glucose-containing oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, glycoproteins, and glycolipids in animal tissues and in some microorganisms. Uridine-5′-diphosphoglucose is an agonist of the P2Y14 receptor, a neuroimmune system GPCR.
  • HY-15283
    Inhibitor 99.57%
    Clopidogrel is an orally active platelet inhibitor that targets P2Y12 receptor. Clopidogrel is used to inhibit blood clots in coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease.
  • HY-13104
    MRS 2578
    Antagonist 98.15%
    MRS 2578 is a selective and potent P2Y6 receptor antagonist with IC50s of 37 nM (human) and 98 nM (rat). MRS 2578 exhibits insignificant activity at P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, and P2Y11 receptors.
  • HY-146486
    P2Y2R/GPR17 antagonist 1
    Inhibitor 98.85%
    P2Y2R/GPR17 antagonist 1 (Compound 14m) is a dual P2Y2R and GPR17 antagonist with IC50 values of 3.17 µM and 1.67 µM against P2Y2R and GPR17, respectively. P2Y2R/GPR17 antagonist 1 shows excellent metabolic stability in human liver microsomes.
  • HY-108657A
    MRS2279 diammonium
    MRS2279 diammonium is a selective and high affinity P2Y1 receptor antagonist, with a Ki value of 2.5 nM and an IC50 value of 51.6 nM. MRS2279 diammonium competitively inhibits ADP-promoted platelet aggregation with an pKb value of 8.05.
  • HY-19638
    Cangrelor (AR-C69931MX), an adenosine triphosphate analogue, is an intravenous, reversible and selective platelet P2Y12 antagonist, with prompt and potent antiplatelet effects. Cangrelor directly blocks adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced activation and aggregation of platelets. Cangrelor is also a nonspecific GPR17 antagonist.
  • HY-B0606
    Diquafosol tetrasodium
    Agonist ≥99.0%
    Diquafosol tetrasodium is a P2Y2 receptor agonist that stimulates fluid and mucin secretion on the ocular surface, as a topical treatment of dry eye disease.
  • HY-W010832
    Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt
    Modulator 98.01%
    Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt is a potent, selective P2Y6 receptor native agonist (EC50=300 nM; pEC50=6.52 for human P2Y6 receptor). Uridine-5'-diphosphate disodium salt, an endogenous metabolite, catalyzes the glucuronidation of a wide array of substrates and is used in nucleic acid (RNA) biosynthesis.
  • HY-19638A
    Cangrelor tetrasodium
    Antagonist 99.93%
    Cangrelor tetrasodium, an adenosine triphosphate analogue, is a reversible and selective platelet P2Y12 antagonist, with prompt and potent antiplatelet effects. Cangrelor tetrasodium directly blocks adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced activation and aggregation of platelets. Cangrelor tetrasodium is also a nonspecific GPR17 antagonist.
  • HY-17459
    Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate
    Inhibitor 99.75%
    Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate is an antiplatelet agent to prevent blood clots. Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate inhibits CYP2B6 and CYP2C19 with IC50s of 18.2 nM and 524 nM, respectively. Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate is a potent antithrombotic agent that inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation.Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate also is an orally active P2Y(12) inhibitor.
  • HY-13831
    Antagonist 99.84%
    BPTU (BMS-646786) is a non-nucleotide P2Y1 receptor allosteric antagonist with antithrombotic activity. BPTU is able to block the P2Y1 receptor located at the neuromuscular junction of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • HY-110322
    PPTN hydrochloride
    Antagonist 99.89%
    PPTN hydrochloride is a potent, high-affinity, competitive and highly selective P2Y14 receptor antagonist with a KB value of 434 pM. PPTN hydrochloride exhibits no agonist or antagonist effect at the P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, P2Y11, P2Y12, or P2Y13 receptors. Anti-inflammatory and anti-immune activity.
  • HY-15284
    Inhibitor 99.85%
    Prasugrel (PCR 4099), a thienopyridine and prodrug, inhibits platelet function. Prasugrel is an orally active and potent P2Y12 receptor antagonist, and inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation.
  • HY-18775
    Inhibitor 99.29%
    N6-(4-Hydroxybenzyl)adenosine is a inhibitor of platelet aggregation induced in vitro by collagen and their activity range was demonstrated (IC50: 6.77-141 μM).
  • HY-11021
    Antagonist 98.68%
    Elinogrel (PRT060128) is a potent, direct acting, competitive, and reversible platelet P2Y12 antagonist (IC50=20 nM). It is orally and intravenously available and has potent antiplatelet effects.
  • HY-108658
    MRS2500 tetraammonium
    MRS2500 tetraammonium is a potent, selective and stable antagonist of the P2Y1 receptor (Ki=0.78 nM for recombinant human P2Y1 receptor). MRS2500 tetraammonium inhibits the ADP-induced aggregation of human platelets with an IC50 value of 0.95 nM. Antithrombotic activity.
  • HY-15799
    Antagonist 99.27%
    AZD1283 is a potent P2Y12 receptor antagonist with a binding IC50 of 11 nM and a GTPγS IC50 of 25 nM. AZD1283 has excellent antiplatelet aggregation potency. AZD1283 can be used to research thromboembolic disorders.
  • HY-118284
    Inhibitor 98.55%
    Vicagrel is a potent, safe and orally active antiplatelet agent, which works by irreversibly inhibiting P2Y12 receptor. Vicagrel can be used for the research of blood clots in coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease.