1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. Phospholipase


Phospholipase is a member of a very complex group of enzymes that break down phospholipids into fatty acids and other compounds. Phospholipases are defined by the enzymatic reaction they catalyze. The classes are phospholipase A, which has members A1 and A2; phospholipase B, which can carry out the reactions of both A1 and A2; phospholipase C; and phospholipase D.

Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) catalyses the hydrolysis of the sn-2 position of glycerophospholipids to yield fatty acids and lysophospholipids. Phospholipase C (PLC) converts phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). DAG and IP3 each control diverse cellular processes and are also substrates for synthesis of other important signaling molecules. PLC is thus central to many important interlocking regulatory networks. Phospholipase D (PLD) is an essential enzyme responsible for the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidic acid (PA), which is involved in fundamental cellular processes, including membrane trafficking, actin cytoskeleton remodeling, cell proliferation and cell survival.

Phospholipase Isoform Specific Products:

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-19363
    Inhibitor 98.86%
    GW4869 is a noncompetitive neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) inhibitor with an IC50 of 1 μM. GW4869 is an inhibitor of exosome biogenesis/release.
  • HY-B0470
    Neomycin sulfate
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Neomycin sulfate, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, exerts antibacterial activity through irreversible binding of the nuclear 30S ribosomal subunit, thereby blocking bacterial protein synthesis. Neomycin sulfate is a known phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor. Neomycin sulfate potently inhibits both nuclear translocation of angiogenin and angiogenin-induced cell proliferation and angiogenesis.
  • HY-13419
    Inhibitor 99.79%
    U-73122 is a phospholipase C (PLC) and 5-LO (5-lipoxygenase) inhibitor with an IC50of 1-2.1 µM for PLC.
  • HY-100168
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    BAPTA is a selective chelator for calcium. BAPTA, as calcium indicator, has high selectivity against magnesium and calcium. BAPTA is widely used as an intracellular buffer for investigating the effects of Ca2+ release from intracellular stores or influx via Ca2+-permeable channels in the plasma membrane. BAPTA can also inhibit phospholipase C activity independently of their role as Ca2+ chelators.
  • HY-130592
    Compound 48/80 trihydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.24%
    Compound 48/80 trihydrochloride (C48/80 trihydrochloride) is a mixture of condensation products of N-methyl-p-methoxyphenethylamine with formaldehyde. Compound 48/80 trihydrochloride is also a histamine releaser and a mast cell degranulator. Compound 48/80 inhibits phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C activity from human platelets .
  • HY-139598
    Inhibitor 98.07%
    LFHP-1c is an PGAM5 inhibitor with neuroprotective activity in brain ischemic stroke. LFHP-1c protects blood-brain barrier integrity from ischemia-induced injury. LFHP-1c binds to endothelial PGAM5 to inhibit the activity of PGAM5 phosphatase and the interaction of PGAM5 with NRF2. LFHP-1c exhibits in vitro and in vivo protection.
  • HY-134082A
    (Z)-Oleyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine
    (Z)-Oleyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine ((Z)-OPC) is an isomer of Oleyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (OPC). Oleyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine is an inhibitor of secreted Phospholipase A2 (sPLA2), which is involved in the biosynthesis of proinflammatory lipid media. Oleyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine can be used to study inflammatory diseases. Oleyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine also modified the red blood membrane and was used to bind the oxygen-carrying liquid perfluorocarbons as an antivenom agent to reduce toxin-induced hemolysis.
  • HY-19041
    CGP-35949 sodium
    CGP-35949 sodium is a LTD4 antagonist with phospholipase inhibitory activity. CGP-35949 sodium can be used for research of asthma.
  • HY-B0113
    Inhibitor 98.19%
    Omeprazole (H 16868), a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), is available for treatment of acid-related gastrointestinal disorders. Omeprazole shows competitive inhibition of CYP2C19 activity with a Ki of 2 to 6 μM. Omeprazole also inhibits growth of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.Omeprazole is a potent brain penetrant neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) inhibitor (exosome inhibitor).
  • HY-70072
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    D609, an antitumoural xanthate, is a specific and competitive phosphatidyl choline-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC) inhibitor with a Ki of 6.4 μM. D609 is an antioxidative protector and has antiviral and anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-10521
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    Darapladib (SB-480848) is an orally active, selective and reversible Lp-PLA2 inhibitor (IC50=0.25 nM). Darapladib can trigger irreversible actions on glioma cell apoptosis and induce cycle arrest. Darapladib can be used in the study of atherosclerosis and cancer.
  • HY-100736
    Inhibitor 99.96%
    ML348 (GNF-Pf-1127) is a selective and reversible acyl-protein thioesterase 1 (APT1)/lysophospholipase 1 (LYPLA1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 210 nM, and barely inhibits LYPLA2.
  • HY-19619
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    m-3M3FBS is a potent phospholipase C (PLC) activator. m-3M3FBS stimulates superoxide generation in human neutrophils, upregulates intracellular calcium concentration, and stimulates inositol phosphate generation in various cell lines. m-3M3FBS induces monocytic leukemia cell apoptosis.
  • HY-13402
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    Varespladib (LY315920) is a potent and selective group IIA, secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 9 nM. Varespladib exhibits the significant inhibitory effect on sPLA2 activity in serum from various species including rat, rabbit, guinea pig and human with IC50s of 8.1 nM, 5.0 nM, 3.2 nM and 6.2 nM, respectively.
  • HY-100737
    Inhibitor 99.40%
    ML349 is a potent and specific acyl protein thioesterase 2(APT2)/lysophospholipase 2 (LYPLA2) inhibitor with a Ki of 120 nM. ML349 is also an inhibitor of LYPLA2 with an IC50 of 144 nM.
  • HY-13662
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Lansoprazole (AG 1749) is an orally active proton pump inhibitor which prevents the stomach from producing acid. Lansoprazole (AG 1749) is a potent brain penetrant neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) inhibitor (exosome inhibitor).
  • HY-N0134
    Tanshinone I
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Tanshinone I is an inhibitor of type IIA human recombinant sPLA2 (IC50=11 μM) and rabbit recombinant cPLA2 (IC50=82 μM).
  • HY-103334
    Inhibitor 98.73%
    MAFP (Methyl Arachidonyl Fluorophosphonate) is an selective, active-site directed and irreversible inhibitor of cPLA2 and iPLA2. MAFP is also a potent irreversible inhibitor of anandamide amidase.
  • HY-136177
    Inhibitor 99.73%
    Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl)phosphate is an active compound from the leaves of Vitex negundo L. shows anti-inflammatory activity with evidence of inhibition for secretory Phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) through molecular docking.
  • HY-12807
    Inhibitor 99.82%
    FIPI is a derivative of halopemide which potently inhibits both PLD1 and PLD2 with IC50s of 25 nM and 20 nM, respectively.

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