1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. Phospholipase

Phospholipase

Phospholipase is a member of a very complex group of enzymes that break down phospholipids into fatty acids and other compounds. Phospholipases are defined by the enzymatic reaction they catalyze. The classes are phospholipase A, which has members A1 and A2; phospholipase B, which can carry out the reactions of both A1 and A2; phospholipase C; and phospholipase D.

Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) catalyses the hydrolysis of the sn-2 position of glycerophospholipids to yield fatty acids and lysophospholipids. Phospholipase C (PLC) converts phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). DAG and IP3 each control diverse cellular processes and are also substrates for synthesis of other important signaling molecules. PLC is thus central to many important interlocking regulatory networks. Phospholipase D (PLD) is an essential enzyme responsible for the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidic acid (PA), which is involved in fundamental cellular processes, including membrane trafficking, actin cytoskeleton remodeling, cell proliferation and cell survival.

Phospholipase Isoform Specific Products:

  • Phospholipase A

  • PLD

Phospholipase Related Products (96):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-19363
    GW4869
    Inhibitor
    GW4869 is a noncompetitive neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) inhibitor with an IC50 of 1 μM. GW4869 is an inhibitor of exosome biogenesis/release.
  • HY-B0470
    Neomycin sulfate
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Neomycin sulfate, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, exerts antibacterial activity through irreversible binding of the nuclear 30S ribosomal subunit, thereby blocking bacterial protein synthesis. Neomycin sulfate is a known phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor. Neomycin sulfate potently inhibits both nuclear translocation of angiogenin and angiogenin-induced cell proliferation and angiogenesis.
  • HY-13419
    U-73122
    Inhibitor 98.17%
    U-73122 is a phospholipase C (PLC) and 5-LO (5-lipoxygenase) inhibitor with an IC50of 1-2.1 µM for PLC.
  • HY-130592
    Compound 48/80 trihydrochloride
    Inhibitor 98.63%
    Compound 48/80 trihydrochloride (C48/80 trihydrochloride) is a mixture of condensation products of N-methyl-p-methoxyphenethylamine with formaldehyde. Compound 48/80 trihydrochloride is also a histamine releaser and a mast cell degranulator. Compound 48/80 inhibits phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C activity from human platelets .
  • HY-B0113
    Omeprazole
    Inhibitor 98.19%
    Omeprazole (H 16868), a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), is available for treatment of acid-related gastrointestinal disorders. Omeprazole shows competitive inhibition of CYP2C19 activity with a Ki of 2 to 6 μM. Omeprazole also inhibits growth of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.Omeprazole is a potent brain penetrant neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) inhibitor (exosome inhibitor).
  • HY-145653
    GSK2647544
    Inhibitor
    GSK2647544 is an orally available, selective inhibitor of Lp-PLA2. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase (Lp-PLA2) is a calcium-independent phospholipase A2 with proinflammatory activities that is primarily secreted by monocyte-derived macrophages.
  • HY-142670
    Lp-PLA2-IN-5
    Lp-PLA2-IN-5 is a potent inhibitor of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2). Lp-PLA2 previously known as platelet- activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), is a phospholipase A2 enzyme involved in hydrolysis of lipoprotein lipids or phospholipids. Lp-PLA2-IN-5 has the potential for the research of diseases associated with the activity of Lp-PLA2, for example atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease (extracted from patent WO2021228159A1, compound 32).
  • HY-142669
    Lp-PLA2-IN-4
    Lp-PLA2-IN-4 is a potent inhibitor of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2). Lp-PLA2 previously known as platelet- activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), is a phospholipase A2 enzyme involved in hydrolysis of lipoprotein lipids or phospholipids. Lp-PLA2-IN-4 has the potential for the research of diseases associated with the activity of Lp-PLA2, for example atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease (extracted from patent WO2021228159A1, compound 38).
  • HY-100736
    ML348
    Inhibitor 99.96%
    ML348 (GNF-Pf-1127) is a selective and reversible acyl-protein thioesterase 1 (APT1)/lysophospholipase 1 (LYPLA1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 210 nM, and barely inhibits LYPLA2.
  • HY-70072
    D609
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    D609, an antitumoural xanthate, is a specific and competitive phosphatidyl choline-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC) inhibitor with a Ki of 6.4 μM. D609 is an antioxidative protector and has antiviral and anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-100737
    ML349
    Inhibitor 99.40%
    ML349 is a potent and specific acyl protein thioesterase 2(APT2)/lysophospholipase 2 (LYPLA2) inhibitor with a Ki of 120 nM. ML349 is also an inhibitor of LYPLA2 with an IC50 of 144 nM.
  • HY-118628
    N-(p-amylcinnamoyl) Anthranilic Acid
    Inhibitor
    N-(p-amylcinnamoyl) Anthranilic Acid (ACA) is a broad spectrum Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) inhibitor and TRP channel blocker. N-(p-amylcinnamoyl) Anthranilic Acid (ACA) is also an effective reversible inhibitor of calcium-activated chloride channels, has potential to treat arrhythmia.
  • HY-13402
    Varespladib
    Inhibitor 98.68%
    Varespladib (LY315920) is a potent and selective group IIA, secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 9 nM. Varespladib exhibits the significant inhibitory effect on sPLA2 activity in serum from various species including rat, rabbit, guinea pig and human with IC50s of 8.1 nM, 5.0 nM, 3.2 nM and 6.2 nM, respectively.
  • HY-19619
    m-3M3FBS
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    m-3M3FBS is a potent phospholipase C (PLC) activator. m-3M3FBS stimulates superoxide generation in human neutrophils, upregulates intracellular calcium concentration, and stimulates inositol phosphate generation in various cell lines. m-3M3FBS induces monocytic leukemia cell apoptosis.
  • HY-10521
    Darapladib
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Darapladib is a potent inhibitor of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) with IC50 of 0.25 nM.
  • HY-136177
    Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl)phosphate
    Inhibitor 99.73%
    Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl)phosphate is an active compound from the leaves of Vitex negundo L. shows anti-inflammatory activity with evidence of inhibition for secretory Phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) through molecular docking.
  • HY-13662
    Lansoprazole
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Lansoprazole (AG 1749) is an orally active proton pump inhibitor which prevents the stomach from producing acid. Lansoprazole (AG 1749) is a potent brain penetrant neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) inhibitor (exosome inhibitor).
  • HY-N0134
    Tanshinone I
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Tanshinone I is an inhibitor of type IIA human recombinant sPLA2 (IC50=11 μM) and rabbit recombinant cPLA2 (IC50=82 μM).
  • HY-12807
    FIPI
    Inhibitor 99.49%
    FIPI is a derivative of halopemide which potently inhibits both PLD1 and PLD2 with IC50s of 25 nM and 20 nM, respectively.
  • HY-103334
    MAFP
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    MAFP (Methyl Arachidonyl Fluorophosphonate) is an selective, active-site directed and irreversible inhibitor of cPLA2 and iPLA2. MAFP is also a potent irreversible inhibitor of anandamide amidase.
Isoform Specific Products

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