1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. Phospholipase

Phospholipase

Phospholipase is a member of a very complex group of enzymes that break down phospholipids into fatty acids and other compounds. Phospholipases are defined by the enzymatic reaction they catalyze. The classes are phospholipase A, which has members A1 and A2; phospholipase B, which can carry out the reactions of both A1 and A2; phospholipase C; and phospholipase D.

Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) catalyses the hydrolysis of the sn-2 position of glycerophospholipids to yield fatty acids and lysophospholipids. Phospholipase C (PLC) converts phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). DAG and IP3 each control diverse cellular processes and are also substrates for synthesis of other important signaling molecules. PLC is thus central to many important interlocking regulatory networks. Phospholipase D (PLD) is an essential enzyme responsible for the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidic acid (PA), which is involved in fundamental cellular processes, including membrane trafficking, actin cytoskeleton remodeling, cell proliferation and cell survival.

Phospholipase Isoform Specific Products:

  • Phospholipase A

  • PLD

Phospholipase Related Products (60):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-19363
    GW4869 Inhibitor
    GW4869 is a noncompetitive neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) inhibitor with an IC50 of 1 μM. GW4869 is an inhibitor of exosome biogenesis/release.
  • HY-B0470
    Neomycin sulfate Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Neomycin sulfate, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, exerts antibacterial activity through irreversible binding of the nuclear 30S ribosomal subunit, thereby blocking bacterial protein synthesis. Neomycin sulfate is a known phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor. Neomycin sulfate potently inhibits both nuclear translocation of angiogenin and angiogenin-induced cell proliferation and angiogenesis.
  • HY-13419
    U-73122 Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    U-73122 is a phospholipase C (PLC) and 5-LO (5-lipoxygenase) inhibitor with an IC50of 1-2.1 µM for PLC.
  • HY-70072
    D609 Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    D609 is a selective competitive inhibitor of phosphatidyl choline-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC), with Ki of 6.4 μM.
  • HY-100736
    ML348 Inhibitor 99.88%
    ML348 is a selective and reversible lysophospholipase 1 (LYPLA1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 210 nM, and barely inhibits LYPLA2.
  • HY-17485
    Alminoprofen Inhibitor 99.35%
    Alminoprofen (EB-382) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) of the phenylpropionic acid class. Alminoprofen possesses a dual anti-inflammatory action, by inhibiting both secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) and COX-2.
  • HY-116141
    7-Hydroxycoumarinyl arachidonate
    7-Hydroxycoumarinyl arachidonate (7-HCA) is a fluorogenic substrate of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (PLA2). 7-Hydroxycoumarinyl arachidonate is also a fluorogenic substrate for monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL). MAGL protein catalyzes the hydrolysis of 7-Hydroxycoumarinyl arachidonat to generate Arachidonic acid (AA) and the highly fluorescent 7-hydroxyl coumarin (7-HC; HY-N0573). Release of 7-HC can be measured using a fluorometer.
  • HY-111208
    CCT129957 Inhibitor
    CCT129957 is an indole derivative and a potent phospholipase C-γ (PLC-γ) inhibitor with an IC50 of ~3 μM and a GC50 of 15 μM. CCT129957 inhibits Ca2+ release in squamous carcinoma cells at ~15 μM.
  • HY-B0113
    Omeprazole Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Omeprazole (H 16868), a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), is available for treatment of acid-related gastrointestinal disorders. Omeprazole shows competitive inhibition of CYP2C19 activity with a Ki of 2 to 6 μM. Omeprazole also inhibits growth of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.Omeprazole is a potent brain penetrant neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) inhibitor (exosome inhibitor).
  • HY-13402
    Varespladib Inhibitor 98.68%
    Varespladib (LY315920) is a potent and selective group IIA, secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 9 nM. Varespladib exhibits the significant inhibitory effect on sPLA2 activity in serum from various species including rat, rabbit, guinea pig and human with IC50s of 8.1 nM, 5.0 nM, 3.2 nM and 6.2 nM, respectively.
  • HY-118628
    N-(p-amylcinnamoyl) Anthranilic Acid Inhibitor 98.81%
    N-(p-amylcinnamoyl) Anthranilic Acid (ACA) is a broad spectrum Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) inhibitor and TRP channel blocker. N-(p-amylcinnamoyl) Anthranilic Acid (ACA) is also an effective reversible inhibitor of calcium-activated chloride channels, has potential to treat arrhythmia.
  • HY-13662
    Lansoprazole Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Lansoprazole (AG 1749) is an orally active proton pump inhibitor which prevents the stomach from producing acid. Lansoprazole (AG 1749) is a potent brain penetrant neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) inhibitor (exosome inhibitor).
  • HY-N0134
    Tanshinone I Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Tanshinone I is an inhibitor of type IIA human recombinant sPLA2 (IC50=11 μM) and rabbit recombinant cPLA2 (IC50=82 μM).
  • HY-10521
    Darapladib Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Darapladib is a potent inhibitor of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) with IC50 of 0.25 nM.
  • HY-111919
    3-Nitrocoumarin Inhibitor
    3-Nitrocoumarin (3-NC) is a potent and selective Phospholipase C-γ (PLC-γ) inhibitor.
  • HY-136177
    Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl)phosphate Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl)phosphate is an active compound from the leaves of Vitex negundo L. shows anti-inflammatory activity with evidence of inhibition for secretory Phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) through molecular docking.
  • HY-100737
    ML349 Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    ML349 is a potent and specific acyl protein thioesterase 2 (APT-2) inhibitor with a Ki of 120 nM. ML349 is also an inhibitor of LYPLA2 with an IC50 of 144 nM.
  • HY-103334
    MAFP Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    MAFP (Methyl Arachidonyl Fluorophosphonate) is an selective, active-site directed and irreversible inhibitor of cPLA2 and iPLA2. MAFP is also a potent irreversible inhibitor of anandamide amidase.
  • HY-100732
    Cambinol Inhibitor 99.70%
    Cambinol is a SIRT1 and SIRT2 inhibitor with IC50 values of 56 μM and 59 μM, respectively. Cambinol is a potent brain penetrant neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) inhibitor (exosome inhibitor).
  • HY-12807
    FIPI Inhibitor 99.49%
    FIPI is a derivative of halopemide which potently inhibits both PLD1 and PLD2 with IC50s of 25 nM and 20 nM, respectively.
Isoform Specific Products

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