1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  3. CRISPR/Cas9

CRISPR/Cas9

CRISPR/Cas9 (Clustered Regularly-Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats/Cas9) is a bacterial immune system that has been adapted for genome editing in mammalian cells. Cas9 is a programmable nuclease that generates double-stranded breaks (DSB) in DNA dictated by binding of a ~20 nucleotide recombinant “guide RNA” (gRNA) to the target site. DSB’s produced by Cas9 are most often repaired through the cell’s error-prone non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway, resulting in small insertions or deletions (indels). The vast majority of indels shift the reading frame, introducing a premature stop codon or resulting in nonsense mediated decay of the mRNA-effectively “knocking out” a gene.

The CRISPR/Cas9 system has substantially advanced efforts in specific gene editing and has been successfully applied to modify the episomal genomes of human and other organisms. The CRISPR/Cas9 system utilizes a prokaryotic RNA-guided programmable nuclease that can make a double-strand DNA break (DSB) at a specific site under the guidance of a leading RNA. This DSB process depends on the co-expression of two basic components: a guide RNA (gRNA) and Cas9 nuclease. Making a specific DSB can trigger DNA repair via either error-prone non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) or homology-directed repair (HDR). In the presence of the CRISPR/Cas9 system, the NHEJ inhibitor SCR7 is proven to increase the efficiency of Cas9-mediated HDR by at least by 7-fold in mammalian cells. Genome editing via CRISPR/Cas9 has become an efficient and reliable way to make precise, targeted changes to the genome of living cells.

CRISPR/Cas9 Related Products (7):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-16592
    Brefeldin A Activator 99.79%
    Brefeldin A (BFA) is a lactone antibiotic and a specific inhibitor of protein trafficking. Brefeldin A blocks the transport of secreted and membrane proteins from endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi apparatus. Brefeldin A is also an autophagy and mitophagy inhibitor. Brefeldin A is a CRISPR/Cas9 activator. Brefeldin A inhibits HSV-1 and has anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-13520
    Nocodazole Activator 98.68%
    Nocodazole is a rapidly-reversible inhibitor of microtubule. Nocodazole binds to β-tubulin and disrupts microtubule assembly/disassembly dynamics, which prevents mitosis and induces apoptosis in tumor cells. Nocodazole inhibits Bcr-Abl, and activates CRISPR/Cas9.
  • HY-11006
    KU-57788 Activator 99.35%
    KU-57788 (NU7441) is a highly potent and selective DNA-PK inhibitor with an IC50 of 14 nM. KU-57788 is an NHEJ pathway inhibitor. KU-57788 also inhibits PI3K and mTOR with IC50s of 5.0 and 1.7 μM, respectively.
  • HY-17413
    Zidovudine Agonist 99.82%
    Zidovudine is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), widely used to treat HIV infection. Zidovudine increases CRISPR/Cas9-mediated editing frequency.
  • HY-19793
    RS-1 Activator 99.55%
    RS-1 is a RAD51 activator, and also increases CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knock-in efficiencies.
  • HY-107845
    SCR7 pyrazine Agonist 98.70%
    SCR7 pyrazine is a DNA ligase IV inhibitor that blocks nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) in a ligase IV-dependent manner. SCR7 pyrazine is also a CRISPR/Cas9 enhancer which increases the efficiency of Cas9-mediated homology-directed repair (HDR). SCR7 pyrazine induces cell apoptosis and has anticancer activity.
  • HY-19334
    L755507 Agonist 98.33%
    L755507 is a potent, selective agonist of β3-AR with an IC50 of 35 nM.
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