1. Anti-infection
    Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  2. HIV
    CRISPR/Cas9
  3. Zidovudine

Zidovudine (Synonyms: Azidothymidine; AZT; ZDV)

Cat. No.: HY-17413 Purity: 99.82%
Handling Instructions

Zidovudine is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), widely used to treat HIV infection. Zidovudine increases CRISPR/Cas9-mediated editing frequency.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Zidovudine Chemical Structure

Zidovudine Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 30516-87-1

Size Price Stock Quantity
Free Sample (0.5-1 mg)   Apply Now  
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 79 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg USD 72 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
500 mg USD 156 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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Customer Review

Based on 3 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Zidovudine is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), widely used to treat HIV infection. Zidovudine increases CRISPR/Cas9-mediated editing frequency.

IC50 & Target

HIV-1

 

CRISPR/Cas9

 

In Vitro

Zidovudine inhibits SVG, Primary human fetal astrocytes (PFA), peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) with EC50 of 17, 1311, 8, and 5 nM, respectively. Zidovudine inhibits SVG, PFA, PBMC, and MDM with EC90 of 0.205 μM, 44.157 μM, 0.481 μM, and 0.219 μM, respectively[1]. Genome editing via CRISPR/Cas9 has become an efficient and reliable way to make precise, targeted changes to the genome of living cells. CXCR4 is a co-receptor for the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection and has been considered as an important therapeutic target for AIDS. CXCR4 mediates viral entry into human CD4+ cells by binding to envelope protein, gp120. Human CXCR4 gene is efficiently disrupted by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing, leading to HIV-1 resistance of human primary CD4+ T cells. The Cas9-mediated ablation of CXCR4 demonstrated high specificity and negligible off-target effects without affecting cell division and propagation[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Intravitrous injection of the NRTIs Lamivudine (3TC), Zidovudine (AZT), or Abacavir (ABC) suppresses the laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in wild-type mice compared to PBS vehicle. The mean level of VEGF-A in the RPE/choroid, which peaks on day 3 after laser injury, is significantly reduced in 3TC-, AZT- and ABC-treated eyes compared with control eyes in wild-type mice, but not inP2rx7-/- mice[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

267.24

Formula

C₁₀H₁₃N₅O₄

CAS No.

30516-87-1

SMILES

O=C(C(C)=CN1[[email protected]@H](C2)O[[email protected]@H]([[email protected]]2N=[N+]=[N-])CO)NC1=O

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (374.20 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.7420 mL 18.7098 mL 37.4195 mL
5 mM 0.7484 mL 3.7420 mL 7.4839 mL
10 mM 0.3742 mL 1.8710 mL 3.7420 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.35 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.35 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.35 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
Cell Assay
[1]

Assays are performed in all cell types in the presence of titrating concentrations of ARV. 5,000 SVG, 2,500 PFA, 200,000 PBMC, or 50,000 MDM cells/well are seeded into triplicate wells of 96-well plates. Twenty-four hours later, the culture medium is removed and replaced with medium containing the ARV or DMSO (0.5% vol/vol), and equivalent TCID50 infectious units of luciferase reporter virus are added to the cells. After a 16 h incubation at 37°C, the initial viral inoculum is removed and replaced with culture medium containing the same antiretroviral drug (ARV) or DMSO (0.5% vol/vol) concentrations. At 72 h post infection, the medium is aspirated, the cells are lysed and HIV-1 infection measured using the Luciferase Assay System. Luminescence is measured using a FLUOStar Optima microplate reader. Inhibition curves and the 50% (EC50) and 90% (EC90) effective concentrations are determined by nonlinear regression analysis, using GraphPad Prism software[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[3]

Mice[3]
C57BL/6J (wild-type) and P2rx7-/- mice are used. The Nlrp3-/- mice are used. The NRTIs 3TC, AZT, and ABC or the P2X7 antagonist A438079 hydrochloride are dissolved in PBS. For CNV, each group of mice is injected once with 1 μL of NRTIs (3TC, 125 ng/μL; ABC, 183 ng/μL; AZT, 146 ng/μL), 1 μL of A438079 hydrochloride (3, 30, or 300 ng/μL), or the same volume of vehicle (PBS) into the vitreous humor using a 33-gauge needle immediately after laser injury. Another group of mice is injected with 3TC (125 ng) in combination with an anti-mouse VEGF polyclonal antibody (10 ng). Goat whole IgG (10 ng) is used as a biological control for the anti-mouse VEGF antibody.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References

Purity: 99.82%

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Keywords:

ZidovudineAzidothymidine AZT ZDVHIVCRISPR/Cas9Human immunodeficiency virusInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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