1. GPCR/G Protein
  2. P2Y Receptor
  3. BPTU

BPTU (Synonyms: BMS-646786)

Cat. No.: HY-13831 Purity: 98.03%
Handling Instructions

BPTU is a novel P2Y1 allosteric antagonist.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

BPTU Chemical Structure

BPTU Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 870544-59-5

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 92 In-stock
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Description

BPTU is a novel P2Y1 allosteric antagonist.

IC50 & Target

P2Y1[1]

In Vitro

BPTU blocks the supramaximal fast inhibitory junction potentials (fIJP) in a concentration-dependent manner both in the rat and mouse colon (P<0.0001 for both). The EC50 of BPTU is approximately 0.3 μM and 0.06 μM for the rat and mouse colon, respectively. In the rat colon, addition of the P2Y agonist ADPβS at 10 μM significantly reduces spontaneous contractions to a 43.2±13.4% (N=5) (P=0.0002), and this reduction is blocked by 15 min incubation with BPTU at a concentration of 3 μM (93.3±5.1%). Similar results are obtained in the murine colon where ADPβS at 10 μM reduces the area under the curve (AUC) of contractions to a 15.8±5.1% (N=4) (P<0.0001) and its effect is reversed with BPTU at 3 μM (82.7±3.6%). Addition of MRS2365, a selective P2Y1 agonist, at a concentration of 5 μM significantly reduces spontaneous contractions to a 21.2±4.8% (N=5) (P=0.0002) in the murine colon, and this reduction is blocked by 15 min incubation with BPTU at a concentration of 3 μM (93.1±3.8%). The blockage of the MRS2365-induced response by BPTU at 3 μM also occurs in control conditions (N=5) (10.2±5.5% vs. 86.7±5.0%)[1].

In Vivo

Uptake of BPTU from the peritoneal cavity is relatively rapid. Blood boron levels are maximal within 1 h after administration. After only 1 h, a boron tumor-to-blood ratio above 1 is found for BPTU in pigmented tumors, which is indicative of drug retention. This is not seen in the non-pigmented tumor variant, in which tumor boron levels closely follow blood levels. Up to 24 h, Borocaptate sodium (BSH) exhibits no selective retention in either tumor, but achieves higher maximum tumor boron concentrations than BPTU as a result of the administration of higher amounts of boron. During the tissue distribution phase, liver-to-kidney boron concentration ratios range from 2 to 4 for BSH and from 0.5 to 1 for BPTU[2].

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 33.3 mg/mL (74.76 mM)

H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.2450 mL 11.2251 mL 22.4502 mL
5 mM 0.4490 mL 2.2450 mL 4.4900 mL
10 mM 0.2245 mL 1.1225 mL 2.2450 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
References
Cell Assay
[1]

Electrophysiological experiments are performed with colonic rat and mouse strips. Inhibitory junction potentials (IJP) are elicited by electrical field stimulation (EFS) using two silver chloride plates placed 1.5 cm apart perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the preparation. The protocol consists of single pulse trains of EFS (0.4 ms pulse duration) at increasing voltages (8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40 V). The voltage responsible for the supramaximal response is used to elicit single pulses during incubation with BPTU at increasing concentrations (1×10-8 M, 1×10-7 M, 3×10-7 M, 1×10-6 M and 3×10-6 M). Another train of single pulses at increasing voltages is elicited after the highest dose of BPTU. The amplitude of the IJP (mV) is measured considering it as the difference between the maximal hyperpolarization and the resting membrane potential (RMP)[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

Mice are given BPTU intraperitoneally at doses of 3.15 mg of boron per kg body weight. Injection volumes range from 0.25 to 0.5 mL for both intravenous and intraperitoneal administrations. Six mice are not given any drug to allow measurement of boron background levels. Animals are killed with carbon dioxide 0.2, 0.4, 1, 2, 4, 24 and 48 h after drug administration and samples are taken from tumor, blood, skin, muscle, brain, kidneys and liver. Tumor tissue from mice bearing B16.013 tumor is checked by eye for the absence of pigmentation. BPTU is also given in a multiple dose scheme. Every 2 h 0.4 to 0.5 mL of the above-mentioned BPTU solution is given intraperitoneally (4×3.15 mg/kg boron). Twenty-four hours after the last administration, the animals are sacrificed and samples are taken[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

445.43

Formula

C₂₃H₂₂F₃N₃O₃

CAS No.

870544-59-5

SMILES

O=C(NC1=CC=C(OC(F)(F)F)C=C1)NC2=CC=CN=C2OC3=CC=CC=C3C(C)(C)C

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

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Cat. No.: HY-13831